c1976 SUPERB!!! RICHARD HUNT AFRICAN AMERICAN ARTIST DRAWING HYBRID MARKER

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Seller: collectiblecollectiblecollectible (671) 100%, Location: Ann Arbor, Michigan, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 333293600928 An exceedingly rare 7 1/2 X 10 3/8 INCH SIGNED DRAWING IN BLACK OF A HYBRID FORM by African American Artist Sculptor Richard Hunt. Obtained in Benton Harbor near his studio. Hunt, Richard (Howard). (b. Chicago, IL, 1935; active Chicago, IL, 2015) Bibliography and Exhibitions MONOGRAPHS AND SOLO EXHIBITIONS: Atlanta (GA). Crystal Britton Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1983. Solo exhibition. Atlanta (GA). Crystal Britton Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1980. Solo exhibition. Atlanta (GA). High Museum of Art. RICHARD HUNT. 1988. Solo exhibition. Beverly Hills (CA). Newman Galleries. RICHARD HUNT: Recent Sculpture. November 21-December 5, 1991. Unpag. (12 pp.) exhib. cat., 3 b&w illus. 8vo (22 cm.), white stapled wraps. First ed. Birmingham (MI). G.R. N'Namdi Gallery. RICHARD HUNT: sculpture, drawings, prints. June 1-July 14, 1990. Solo exhibition. BURROUGHS, MARGARET TAYLOR. To Make a Poet Black. 1968. In: The Art Gallery (April 1968):37-39. Carbondale (IL). University Museum, Southern Illinois University. RICHARD HUNT: Starwalk. 1994. Solo exhibition. Castro, Jan Garden. RICHARD HUNT: Freeing the Human Soul. 1998. In: Sculpture, Vol. 17, No. 5 (May/June 1998):34-39. Includes important interview with Hunt. Chicago (IL). B.C. Holland Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1966. Solo exhibition. Chicago (IL). B.C. Holland Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1963. Solo exhibition. Chicago (IL). B.C. Holland Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1970. Solo exhibition. Chicago (IL). B.C. Holland Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1968. Solo exhibition. Chicago (IL). B.C. Holland Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1976. Solo exhibition. Chicago (IL). Chicago Cultural Center. RICHARD HUNT: Sixty Years of Sculpture. December 18, 2014-May 17, 2015. Solo exhibition of sixty sculptures and drawings from 1955-present.. Chicago (IL). Columbia College. Outside In: Public Sculpture by RICHARD HUNT. January 17-February 28, 1986. 16 pp. exhib. cat., 9 full-page b&w plates, 3 text illus., checklist of 45 public works and commissions. Curated and text by Denise Miller-Clark; artist's statement; text by Leon Forrest. Contemporary abstract sculptor whose numerous important public commissions range from the Martin Luther King memorial in Memphis to an interior hanging sculpture entitled Jacob's Ladder in the Carter Woodson Library in Chicago. Oblong 4to, gilt stamped stapled wraps. First ed. Chicago (IL). David Weinberg Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. April 17-May 30, 2009. Solo exhibition. [For images of work displayed, see: http://davidweinberggallery.com/exhibition/19.] Press release with photo of artist. Chicago (IL). DeGraaf Fine Arts. RICHARD HUNT. 1987. Solo exhibition. Chicago (IL). Fairweather-Hardin Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1984. Solo exhibition. Chicago (IL). G.R. N'Namdi Gallery. RICHARD HUNT, Sculpture. May 1-June 30, 2009. Solo exhibition. A selection of Hunt’s work from the previous two decades. Chicago (IL). Gwenda Jay Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1991. Solo exhibition. Chicago (IL). Illinois State Museum Chicago. RICHARD HUNT. 2000. Solo exhibition. Chicago (IL). Museum of Contemporary Art (MCA). MCA DNA: RICHARD HUNT. December 18, 2014-May 17, 2015. Solo exhibition. 11 items including works from the MCA collection and additional loans. Chicago (IL). Printworks Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1990. Solo exhibition. Chicago (IL). Sears Bank & Trust Co. RICHARD HUNT: Sculpture Drawings and Prints. May 24-July 30, 1976. 22 pp. exhib. cat., 34 b&w illus., checklist of 46 works including 11 public sculptures. 4to, stapled pictorial wraps. First ed. Chicago (IL). ThinkART Salon. RICHARD HUNT: A Force of Nature. October 7-December 10, 2010. Solo exhibition. Sculpture and works on paper. Chicago (IL). Thomas McCormick Gallery. RICHARD HUNT: Mutable Currency, Past and Present. June 1-August 11, 2012. Solo exhibition of sculpture. Chicago (IL). Willis Tower Lobbies. RICHARD HUNT: Visions and Revisions. Thru May 7, 2010. Solo retrospective exhibition of sculpture selected from 35 years of work. Chicago (IL). Worthington Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1998. Solo exhibition. Chicago (IL). Worthington Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1996. Solo exhibition. Chicago (IL). Worthington Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1995. Solo exhibition. Cleveland (OH). Cleveland Museum of Art. Sculpture by RICHARD HUNT. February 7-26, 1967. Solo exhibition. Cleveland (OH). Sculpture Center. RICHARD HUNT. Thru October 25, 2008. Solo exhibition. Curated by Ann Albano. Columbus (OH). Ohio State University School of Art. RICHARD HUNT: Sculpture. February 2-25, 1966. Exhibition catalogue, illus. Cummings, Paul. Interview: RICHARD HUNT Talks with Paul Cummings. 1994. In: Drawing 16 (November-December 1994):78-81 Davenport (IA). Waterloo Municipal Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1988. Solo exhibition. Des Plaines (IL). Koehnline Museum of Art, Oakton Community College. RICHARD HUNT: Wings. February-March, 2001. Solo exhibition. Curated by Nathan Harpaz. Included sculpture and works on paper. Detroit (MI). Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History. RICHARD HUNT Affirmations. March 14-June 21, 1998. 64 pp. exhib. cat., color and b&w illus. Substantial retrospective exhibition catalogue on this major sculptor. Includes prints as well as sculpture. 4to (11 x 8.4 in.), pictorial wraps. First ed. Detroit (MI). Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History. RICHARD HUNT: Public Sculptures. 1991. 26 pp., 14 b&w illus., chronol., list of exhibs, commissions. Intro. by Bill Harris; statement by artist. Interview by Richard Rubenfeld (1988). 4to (11 x 8.5 in.), wraps. First ed. Detroit (MI). G.R. N'Namdi Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1998. Solo exhibition. Detroit (MI). G.R. N'Namdi Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1985. Solo exhibition. Elmhurst (IL). Elmhurst College. RICHARD HUNT. January 30-February 28, 2007. Solo exhibition of sculpture and lithographs. Evanston (IL). Evanston Public Library. RICHARD HUNT: Bookends (1997). 1997. Public sculpture. Two abstract stainless steel sculptures installed on two pillars on the west facade of the building. The work represents the evolution of the storage of information in western culture. One side represents the shape of a scroll and an open book; the other side represents modern technology with the image of a computer screen and antenna. Getlein, Frank. The Meaningful Abstractions of RICHARD HUNT. 1990. In: Smithsonian (July 1990):60-71. 4to, wraps. Greensboro (NC). H.C. Taylor Gallery, North Carolina A&T State University. RICHARD HUNT: In Honor of Progress. May 7-July 30, 2004. Solo exhibition. Sculpture and models for large public commissions, to accompany the unveiling of a sculpture entitled, Progress, which was commissioned for the North Carolina A&T community. Greenville (SC). Greenville County Museum of Art. RICHARD HUNT. 1978. Solo exhibition. Holland (MI). Holland Area Arts Council. RICHARD HUNT. 1998. Solo exhibition. Houston (TX). Pelham-Von Stoffler Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1977. Solo exhibition. HUNT, RICHARD, LEON FORREST and CAL KOWAL. Jacob's Ladder. N.p., self published, 1961. A collaboration by Richard Hunt, sculptor, Leon Forrest, poet and Cal Kowal, photographer. 14 x 18 inch portfolio consisting of a four-page unbound 8.5 x 14 inch poem, with cover by Forrest in a specially constructed envelope attached to the front endpaper, followed by five 7 x 7 in. color photos by Kowal of Hunt's sculpture Jacob's Ladder, permanently installed in Chicago's Woodson Library. The photos are each signed by Kowall on the top mat and stamped and signed by him at the base of the bottom mat. Portfolio (14 x 18 in.) Limited ed. Indianapolis (IN). Indianapolis Museum of Art. RICHARD HUNT. 1973. Solo exhibition. Indianapolis (IN). Kubeznik Center for the Arts. RICHARD HUNT: Past & Present. September 15-December 9, 2007. Solo exhibition. Iowa City (IA). University of Iowa, Museum of Art. RICHARD HUNT: Selected Sculpture. February 4-March 16, 1975. 12 pp. exhib. cat., 9 b&w illus. Foreword by Ulfert Wilke. Text by Priscilla Colt. Large 8vo, pictorial wraps. First ed. Kalamazoo (MI). Kalamazoo Institute of the Arts. RICHARD HUNT. October, 1969. Solo exhibition. Kalamazoo (MI). Kalamazoo Institute of the Arts. RICHARD HUNT Sculpture: Past, Present, Future. April, 1990. 16 pp. exhib. cat., illus. Stapled wraps. Kalamazoo (MI). Kalamazoo Institute of the Arts. Sculpture and Graphics of RICHARD HUNT. October, 1979. Solo exhibition. Lafayette (IN). Purdue University Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1988. Solo exhibition. Lakeside (MI). Lakeside Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1998. Solo exhibition. Lewis, Samella. RICHARD HUNT. 1987. In: The International Review of African American Art Vol. 7 (1987):16-25. 4to, wraps. Los Angeles (CA). California African American Museum. RICHARD HUNT: sculptures et dessins / Sculptures, drawings. Washington, DC: The United States Information Agency, 1987. 40 pp. exhib. cat., color and b&w illus. throughout. Curated by Samella Lewis. [Traveled to: Monrovia, Liberia, June 1-30; Accra, Ghana, August 1-30; Cotounou, Benin, September 1-15; Lome, Togo, October 9-November 15; Dakar, Senegal, December 1-31.) Small 4to, stapled wraps. First ed. Los Angeles (CA). Century City. RICHARD HUNT. 1987. Solo exhibition. Los Angeles (CA). Felix Landau Gallery. RICHARD HUNT: Recent Sculpture. 1965. 4 pp. exhib. cat. Solo exhibition. Los Angeles (CA). Louis Newman Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1991. 9 pp. exhib. cat., illus. Text by Peter Clothier. Los Angeles (CA). Occidental College. Sculpture, Drawings and Lithographs by RICHARD HUNT. October 18-November 12, 1965. Exhibition catalogue, illus. Memphis (TN). Memphis Brooks Museum of Art. RICHARD HUNT. 1990. Solo exhibition. Miami (FL). Frances Wolfson Art Center, Miami-Dade Community College. RICHARD HUNT. February 13-March 3, 1978. Solo exhibition. Michigan City (IN). Lubeznik Center for the Arts. Sculptures of RICHARD HUNT. September 1-December 2, 2007. Solo exhibition. Milwaukee (WI). Milwaukee Art Center. RICHARD HUNT. November 3-December 3, 1967. 12 pp. exhib. cat., 11 illus., photo of artist, biog., exhibs., artist's statement. Text by John Lloyd Taylor. Hunt's first retrospective. 4to, wraps. First ed. Monrovia (Liberia).. RICHARD HUNT: Sculpture/Drawings. June 1-December 31, 1987. Exhib. cat. Exhibition sponsored by U.S. Information Agency. Curated by Samella Lewis [Traveled to: Monrovia, Liberia, June 1-30; Accra, Ghana, August 1-30; Cotounou, Benin, September 1-15; Lome, Togo, October 9-November 15; Dakar, Senegal, December 1-31.] New York (NY). Alan Gallery. New Sculpture by RICHARD HUNT. February 25-March 16, 1963. Solo exhibition. New York (NY). Alan Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1958. Solo exhibition. Hunt's first solo exhibition, immediately after his return from two years in Europe under the James Nelson Raymond Traveling Fellowship. New York (NY). Alan Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1960. Solo exhibition. New York (NY). Andre Zarre Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1997. Solo exhibition. New York (NY). David Findlay. RICHARD HUNT: Sculptures. June 2-23, 2011. Solo exhibition. New York (NY). Dorsky Galleries. RICHARD HUNT. 1987. Solo exhibition. New York (NY). Dorsky Galleries. RICHARD HUNT. 1979. Solo exhibition. New York (NY). Dorsky Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. Thru April 29, 1989. 48 pp. exhib. cat., fully illus., photo of artist. Texts by Judd Tully, Eleanor Flomenhaft; comments by Richard Hunt. Sculpture and crayon and ink drawings. [Review: Michael Brenson, NYT, April 14 1989.] 4to (29 cm.), wraps. First ed. New York (NY). Dorsky Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1968. Solo exhibition. New York (NY). Dorsky Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1973. Solo exhibition. New York (NY). Dorsky Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1975. Solo exhibition. New York (NY). Dorsky Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1976. Solo exhibition. New York (NY). Dorsky Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1970. Solo exhibition. New York (NY). Dorsky Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1977. Solo exhibition. New York (NY). Dorsky Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1971. Solo exhibition. New York (NY). Museum of Modern Art. The Sculpture of RICHARD HUNT. March 23-June 7, 1971. 24 pp. exhib. catalogue, 16 b&w illus., exhib. checklist of 54 sculptures, 8 drawings and 12 lithographs, photos, artist's statements, chronol. by Carolyn Lanchner, bibliog. Intro. by William S. Lieberman. Sq. 8vo, wraps. First ed. New York (NY). Roosevelt Triangle. RICHARD HUNT: Harlem Hybrid. 1976 (restored 2008). Public sculpture installation. Bronze cast. A 5,500-pound site-specific abstract piece that is an assemblage of highly-polished welded bronze sections of irregular shapes and thickness in a montage that suggests a natural outcropping and also is inspired by the architecture and design of neighboring buildings. New York (NY). Studio Museum in Harlem. RICHARD HUNT. 1997. Solo exhibition. New York (NY). Terry Dintenfass Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1986. Solo exhibition. New York (NY). Terry Dintenfass Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1983. Solo exhibition. New York (NY). Terry Dintenfass Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1984. Solo exhibition. Newport News (VA). Peninsula Fine Arts Center. RICHARD HUNT: Sculpture and Works on Paper. April 9-July 10, 2011. Solo exhibition of 17 sculptures, 25 prints and drawings, as well as photo murals. Oklahoma City (OK). Oklahoma Art Center. RICHARD HUNT. 1973. Solo exhibition. Orlando (FL). University of Central Florida Art Gallery. RICHARD HUNT: Works of the Eighties. January 5-February 8, 1991. Solo exhibition. Oxford (OH). Miami University Art Museum. RICHARD HUNT. 1982. Solo exhibition. Pittsburgh (PA). Manchester Craftmen's Guild. RICHARD HUNT: Photographs of Public Projects. October 25, 1998-January 8, 1999. Solo exhibition. Purchase (NY). Neuberger Museum of Art, SUNY-Purchase. MELVIN EDWARDS Sculpture: A Thirty-Year Retrospective 1933-1993. 1993. 144 pp. retrospective exhib. cat., 164 illus. (16 in color). chronol. with photos by Lynne Kenny, bibliog. Text by Lucinda Gedeon, with additional texts by Michael Brenson, Josephine Gear, Lowery Stokes Sims. The first major retrospective on this highly important contemporary African American sculptor. Well researched, with numerous other artists mentioned throughout: Herman Kofi Bailey, Marvin Harden, Daniel LaRue Johnson, Charles White, Milton Young, Benny Andrews, Ed Bereal, Camille Billops, the artist's grandfather James Benjamin Edwards, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, William Majors, Hale Woodruff, Malcolm Bailey, Romare Bearden, Gwendolyn Bennett, Norman Lewis, William T. Williams, Emma Amos, Frank Bowling, Peter Bradley, Vivian Browne, Ed Clark, Emilio Cruz, Al Loving, Bill Rivers, Jack Whitten, Bob Blackburn, Ernest Crichlow, Sam Gilliam, Lloyd McNeill, Frank Stewart, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Bill Hutson, Tom Feelings, Houston Conwill, Betye Saar, Grace Stanislaus, Beverly Buchanan, Tyrone Mitchell. 4to, wraps. First ed. Reno (NV). Nevada Museum of Art. RICHARD HUNT: Contemporary Master of Sculpture. 1993. Exhib. brochure, illus. Richmond (CA). Health & Human Services, Social Security Administration. RICHARD HUNT: Richmond Cycle (1976). 1976. Public sculpture. Rubenfeld, Richard. An Interview with RICHARD HUNT. Eastern Michigan University, 1987. In: Ypsilanti 3 (Fall-Winter 1987-1988):2-9. Santa Fe (NM). Shidoni GaIlery. RICHARD HUNT. 1992. Solo exhibition. Savannah (GA). Museum of Art, Savannah College of Art & Design [SCAD]. RICHARD HUNT: Promethean Mythmaker. February 6-March 31, 2009. Solo exhibition of sculpture, paintings, drawings and lithographs. Sheboygan (WI). Woodlot Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1994. Solo exhibition. South Bend (IN). Snite Museum of Art, University of Notre Dame. RICHARD HUNT: Growing Forward. June 16-September 1, 1996. 48 pp., 15 full-page color plates, 1 b&w illus., photo of artist, checklist, list of public works and commissions. Intros. by Deal Porter and Kinshasa Conwill; text "Richard Hunt: Growing Forward" by James F. Flanagan. [Traveled to Studio Museum, Harlem, December 18, 1996-June 29, 1997.] 4to (28 cm.), wraps. First ed. Springfield (MO). Springfield Art Museum. RICHARD HUNT. 1981. Solo exhibition. St. Joseph (MI). Krasl Art Center. The Public Life of RICHARD HUNT: 21st Century Projects. June 26-September 13, 2015. Solo exhibition. [Traveled to: Muskegon Museum of Art, 2015.] St. Louis (MO). Laumeier Sculpture Park and Museum. RICHARD HUNT. 1999. Solo exhibition. St. Louis (MO). Washington University and Laumeier Sculpture Park. RICHARD HUNT. 1978. Solo exhibition. St. Paul (MN). Bethel College. RICHARD HUNT. 1989. Solo exhibition. Temple (TX). Cultural Activities Center. RICHARD HUNT: Sculpture-Drawings-Prints. September 9, 1979-February 2, 1980. Unpag. exhib. cat., b&w illus. Texts by Kenneth W. Prescott, April Kingsley and Patty Bénoit. 4to, stapled wraps. First ed. Terre Haute (IN). Turman Gallery, Indiana State University. RICHARD HUNT. 1999. Solo exhibition. Troy (MI). Belian Art Center. RICHARD HUNT. 2010. Solo exhibition. Tulsa (OK). Mayor's Office, City of Tulsa. RICHARD HUNT: Outgrowth (1975). 1975. Public sculpture. Van Bork, Bert (Dir.). RICHARD HUNT: Sculptor [Film]. 1978. This documentary follows sculptor Richard Hunt as he collects materials, welds, sketches and works on a major sculpture. 16mm. Sd., col. 14 min. Waco (TX). Art Center. RICHARD HUNT: Sculpture, Drawings, Prints. May 6-June 11, 1978. Exhib. brochure, illus. Pref. by Paul Rogers Harris. Washington (DC). Addison /Ripley Fine Art. RICHARD HUNT. 1996. Solo exhibition. Washington (DC). Armour J. Blackburn Center, Howard University. RICHARD HUNT: A Bridge Across and Beyond (1978). 1978. Public sculpture installation. George Ave & Howard Place NW (Howard University, Blackburn Center, upper quadrangle.) Welded bronze abstract sculpture which sits, surrounded by fountains, within a large reflecting pool. Two massive pyramid-like structures bend towards each other, symbolizing both Africa and the descendants of Africans in America; the "bridge" is formed by abstract African symbols reaching across from each pyramid to the other. Washington (DC). Howard University Gallery of Art. Soundings: An Exhibition of Sculpture by ED LOVE. September 14-November 26, 1986. 41 pp. exhib. cat., illus., portrait of artist, substantial biog., bibliog. Texts by Robert Farris Thompson and Monifa Atungaye. Also mention of James A. Porter, Elizabeth Catlett, Melvin Edwards, Richard Hunt, P'lla Mills, William Pajaud, Skunder Boghossian, Winston Kennedy, Winnie Owens-Hart, Malkia Roberts. 4to (31 cm.), stapled wraps. Washington (DC). Martin Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1985. Solo exhibition. Wichita (KS). Wichita Art Museum. RICHARD HUNT. 1979. Solo exhibition. Youngstown (OH). Youngstown State University. RICHARD HUNT. 1986. Solo exhibition. Ypsilanti (MI). Eastern Michigan University Gallery. RICHARD HUNT. 1988. Solo exhibition. GENERAL BOOKS AND GROUP EXHIBITIONS: ADAMS, RUSSELL L. and EUGENE WINSLOW (illus.). Great Negroes, Past & Present. Chicago: Afro-Am Publishing Co., (1963) 1969. For juvenile readers. ix, 212 pp. over 150 brief biographies, maps, bibliog., index, reproducing sketches by Eugene Winslow, of "outstanding Negro people and their African antecedents." Individual entries include: Robert Duncanson, Henry Tanner, Horace Pippin, Richmond Barthé, Marion Perkins, Edward Bannister, Edmonia Lewis, Malvin Gray Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Charles White, Charles Alston, Geraldine McCullough, Richard Hunt, E. Simms Campbell. Not collated against earlier editions. [First published in 1963 (182 pp.), the book went through numerous editions.] 4to (29 cm.), pictorial cloth, d.j. Third revised ed. ADDIS ABABA (Ethiopia). U.S. Embassy. Art in Embassies Program. 2011. Group exhibition, described as a permanent collection, unlike the temporary traveling exhibitions organized by the Department of State that decorate the walls of other embassies. Also unique in its inclusion of a substantial representation of Ethiopian (host country) artists (more than half of the collection) along with a considerable number of major African American artists. Includes (as of 2011): Dawit Abebe, Kerima Ahmed, Andarge Asfaw, Elias Assegahegn, Elizabeth Atnafu, Merikokeb Berhanu, Mickael Bethe-Selassie, Behailu Bezabih, Frank Day, Melvin Edwards, Tamrat Fikadu, Yohannes Gedamu, Tamrat Gezahegn, Desta Hagos, Richard Hunt, Wosene Kosrof, Josef Lule, Ermias Mazengia, Julie Mehretu, Bekele Mekonnen, Nati Mekonnen, Asnake Mezge, Aida Muluneh, Lulseged Retta, Elias Simé, Daniel Taye, Kebedech Tekleab, Tibebe Terffa, Tsega Tesema, Debebe Tesfaye, Mezgebu Tessema, Twins (Jerry and Terry Lynn), Zerihun Yetmgeta. ALBUQUERQUE (NM). University Art Museum, University of New Mexico-Albuquerque. Lithography I, First Biennial Exhibition of Contemporary Lithography. March 2-April 13, 1975. 20 pp. exhib. cat., 12 full-page illus., checklist. Text by Clinton Adams. Includes: Richard Hunt (5 works.) 4to (9.75 x 7.75 in.), wraps. ANN ARBOR (MI). University of Michigan Museum of Art. Chicago: The City and its Artists, 1945-1978. 1978. 215 pp., 204 b&w illus. with commentary, biogs., bibliog. Curated by Diane Kirkpatrick. Includes: Richard Hunt. Oblong 4to, wraps. First ed. ASHTON, DORE. Modern American Sculpture. New York: Abrams, 1968. 130 pp., illus. Includes: Richard Hunt. ASHTON, DORE. New American Sculpture. 1960. In: XXe siècle. (Paris) Christmas issue, 1960: 85-91. Includes: Richard Hunt. Folio, wraps. ATKINSON, J. EDWARD, ed. Black Dimensions in Contemporary American Art. New York: NAL Plume, 1971. 127 pp., 74 color illus. Intro. by David C. Driskell. Includes fifty (thirteen women) contemporary artists with brief informative notes on each. A broad range of style and subject matter. Includes: Benny Andrews, Calvin Bailey, John T. Biggers, Arthur Britt, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Arthur Carraway, Bernie Casey, Don Concholar, Mary Reed Daniel, Alonzo Davis, Juette Day, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, Eugenia Dunn, Marion Epting, Russell T. Gordon, David Hammons, Phillip Hampton, Marvin Harden, Wilbur Haynie, Richard Hunt, Barbara J. Jones (Hogu), Lois Mailou Jones, Eddie Jack Jordan, Sr., Lemuel Joyner, Henri Linton, Jimmy Mosley, Ademola Olugebefola, John Outterbridge, William Pajaud, James D. Parks, Delilah Pierce, John Riddle, Gregory Ridley, Lucille D. (Malkia) Roberts, Arthur Rose, Nancy Rowland, Marion Sampler, Jewel Simon, Ray Saunders, Leo Twiggs, Alma Thomas, Vincent D. Smith, Royce H. Vaughn, James Watkins, Charles White, Garrett Whyte, John W. Wilson, James A. Young. 8vo (8 x 5.4 in.), pictorial printed cloth. First ed. ATLANTA (GA). High Museum of Art. African American Art in Atlanta: Public and Corporate Collections. May 11-June 17, 1984. 18 pp., 16 b&w illus., checklist of 72 works by 50 artists, including numerous women artists. Text by Evelyn Mitchell. Important early reference. Includes: Jim Adair, Terry Adkins, Benny Andrews, William Artis, Ellsworth Ausby, Herman Kofi Bailey, Romare Bearden, Shirley Bolton, Beverly Buchanan, Elizabeth Catlett, Floyd Coleman, Allan Rohan Crite, Michael Cummings, Joseph Delaney, Robert Duncanson, Tina Marie Dunkley, Sam Gilliam, Michael Harris, Jenelsie Holloway, Manuel Hughes, Richard Hunt, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Viola Burley-Leak, Larry Francis Lebby, Samella Lewis, Arturo Lindsay, Jerome Meadows, John M. Howard, Lev Mills, Sana Musasama, Curtis Patterson, Maurice Pennington, Robert Edwin Peppers, K. Joy Ballard-Peters, Howardena Pindell, John Riddle, John D. Robinson, Betye Saar, Thomas Shaw, Jewel W. Simon, Freddie Styles, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Carlton Omar Thompson, Yvonne Thompson, Charles White, Claudia Widdis, Sandra Kate Williams, John Wilson, and Hale Woodruff. Sq. 8vo (22 x 22 cm; 8.5 x 8.5 in.), wraps. First ed. ATLANTA (GA). High Museum of Art. Highlights from the Atlanta University Collection of Afro-American Art. October-November, 1973. Unpag. (37 pp. plus errata slip) exhib. cat., illus. Intro. by Thomas D. Jarrett; foreword by Gudmund Vigtel; text by Richard A. Long. Over 70 artists listed. Includes: James Adair, Jackie W. Adams, Charles Alston, Frank Herman Alston, Jr., Benny Andrews, John W. Arterbery, Joseph Atkinson, William E. Artis, Herman Kofi Bailey, Mike Bannarn, Ernie Barnes, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Bob Blackburn, Shirley Bolton, Eva Booker, Mildred A. Braxton, Arthur L. Britt, Margery Brown, Selma Burke, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, William S. Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Houston E. Chandler, Irene V. Clark, Floyd Coleman, Robert Colescott, Margaret S. Collins, William Leonard Cooper, Anne A. Costley, Samuel A. Countee, Ernest Crichlow, Robert A. Daniel, Roy DeCarava, Joseph Delaney, Richard Dempsey, David Driskell, Charles Enoch, John Farrar, Julia A. Fields, Thomas J. Flanagan, Frederick Flemister, Jean Flowers, Otis Galbreath, Barbara L. Gallon, Sam Gilliam, Charles Haines, Zenobia Hammonds, Edwin A. Harleston, William A. Harper, Palmer C. Hayden, William M. Hayden, June Hector, Mark Hewitt, Leon Hicks, Jenelsie Holloway, John Miller Howard, Richard Hunt, Wilmer Jennings, Estella W. Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, William H. Johnson, Fred Jones, Leonard Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Samella Lewis, Norma Morgan, Marion Perkins, John Rhoden, Franklin M. Shands, Jewel Simon, Merton Simpson, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Charles White, Robert Willis, Ellis Wilson, Hale Woodruff, et al. [Traveled to: Baltimore Museum of Art, January 15-February 24, 1974; Jacksonville Art Museum, FL, March 15-April 15; Minnesota Museum of Art, St. Paul, June 1-July 15, 1974; Delta Fine Arts, Inc., Winston-Salem, NC; Museum of the National Center of Afro-American Artists, Boston; Studio Museum in Harlem; DuSable Museum of African American History, Chicago.] 4to (28 cm.), wraps. First ed. ATLANTA (GA). Museum of Contemporary Art of Georgia (MOCA GA). focus: artist collections. May 4-July 22, 2006. A selection of more than 70 works from the collections of the following Georgia artists: Larry Jens Anderson, Lucinda Bunnen, Susan Cofer, Kevin Cole, E. Wright Ledbetter, Katherine Mitchell, Freddie Styles, Larry Walker. Artists in the show: Benny Andrews, Radcliffe Bailey, Romare Bearden, Beverly Buchanan, Elizabeth Catlett, Kevin Cole, Terrance Corbin, Thornton Dial, David Driskell, Sam Gilliam, Kojo Griffin, John Hardrick, Lonnie Holley, Richard Hunt, Wadsworth Jarrell, Jacob Lawrence, Lynn Marshall-Linnemeier, Norma Morgan, Howardena Pindell, Rose Piper, Martin Puryear, John Riddle, Nellie Mae Rowe, Fazal Sheikh, Lorna Simpson, Freddie Styles, Mildred Thompson, Kara Walker, Larry Walker, Charles White BAMAKO (Mali).. U.S.A. Printworks: Selections from the Brandywine Workshop. October 15, 1987-January 30, 1988. Group exhibition. Sponsored by the U.S. Information Agency. Curated by Keith Morrison. includes Candida Alvarez, Benny Andrews, Willie Birch, Moe Brooker, Marvin Brown, Weldon Butler, David Driskell, John Dowell, James Dupree, Walter Edmonds, Sam Gilliam, Leon Hicks, Richard Hunt, Paul Keene, Deryl Mackie, Percy Martin, Frank Smith, David Stephens, James L. Wells, Clarence Wood. (Traveled to: Bamako, Mali, October 15-November 15; Freetown, Sierra Leone, December 15-January 30, 1988; 12 other sites 1988-89.] BARNWELL, ANDREA D. The Walter O. Evans Collection of African American Art. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2000. 163 pp., 90 excellent color plates, b&w text illus., notes, exhib. checklist, artists' biogs. Critical essays by Tritobia Hayes Benjamin, Walter O. Evans, Kirsten P. Buick, Amy M. Mooney, Andrea D. Barnwell. A substantial traditional collection of paintings, sculpture, prints, mixed-media work, and drawings: including: Charles Alston, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Bob Blackburn, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Beauford Delaney, Aaron Douglas, Robert S. Duncanson, Edwin A. Harleston, William A. Harper, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Sargent Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Archibald Motley, Jr., Marion Perkins, Horace Pippin, James Porter, Nelson A. Primus, Charles Sebree, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Robert Thompson, Dox Thrash, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White. 4to, cloth, d.j. First ed. BATTLE CREEK (MI). Battle Creek Art Center. American Black Art: Black Belt to Hill Country: the Known and the New. January 9-February 13, 1977. Unpag. (20 pp) exhib. cat., 15 b&w illus., checklist of 63 items. Text by J. Kline Hobbs. Includes: Benny Andrews, Steve Ashby, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Bruce Brice, Bernie Casey, Nathaniel Choate, Paul Collins, John E. Dowell, Robert S. Duncanson, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Russell T. Gordon, Ray Hamilton, David Hammons, Rufus Hinton, Jenelsie Holloway, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Lester L. Johnson, Sargent Johnson, W. H. Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Al Loving, Charles McGee, Allie McGhee, Richard Mayhew, Robert Merriweather, Keith Morrison, Archibald Motley, Jr., Robert Murray, Inez Nathaniel, Leslie Payne, Elijah Pierce, Robert Reid (as Reed), Mahler Ryder, Betye Saar, William Edouard Scott, Charles Sebree, Henry O. Tanner, Wilson E. Thompson, Charles White, Walter J. Williams, Hale Woodruff, Joseph Yoakum. Small oblong 8vo, stapled black paper covers lettered in white. First ed. BEARDEN, ROMARE, moderator. The Black Artist in America: A Symposium. 1969. In: Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 27, no. 5 (January 1969):245-88, illus., bibliog. Texts by Priscilla Tucker, Barry N. Schwartz, Frank Conroy. Includes: Romare Bearden, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Tom Lloyd, William T. Williams, Hale Woodruff. Highly important document of eminent black artists engaged in an extensive full-blown disagreement with Tom Lloyd about the meaning of terms such as "black artist" vs. "black art" and what should be done to empower a new generation of artists within the black community. 8vo, stapled wraps. BEARDSLEY, JOHN and ANDY LEON HARNEY, eds. Art in Public Places: A Survey of Community-Sponsored Projects Supported by the National Endowment for the Arts. Washington, DC: Art for Livable Places, 1981. 149 pp., some illus., bibliog., indices. African American artists included: Richard Hunt (public sculpture), Romare Bearden (murals, Hartford, 1980), Sam Gilliam (murals, Atlanta, 1980), Eugene Eda, John Weber, William Walker, Mitchell Caton (murals, 1970s), Gary Rickson (murals, Boston, 1970), Dana Chandler and Al Smith (murals, Boston, 1972), Lester L. Johnson (Detroit murals, 1972); Al Loving, Todd Williams murals (Detroit General Hospital), Melvin Edwards sculpture for plaza in Columbus, OH. 4to (28 cm.) Beauford, Fred, ed. Black Creation: A Quarterly Review of Black Arts and Letters Vol. 3 (Spring 1972). 1972. Includes: Alvin C. Hollingsworth, Richard Hunt, Lester L. Johnson, Jr., Jacob Lawrence, Tom Lloyd, Joe Overstreet, et al. Beauford, Fred, ed. Black Creation: A Quarterly Review of Black Arts and Letters Vol. 3 (Winter 1972). 1972. Includes: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, David Scott Brown, Elizabeth Catlett, Leroy Clarke, Donald Earley, Sam Gilliam, Alvin C. Hollingsworth, Richard Hunt, Ben Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Tom Lloyd, Stephen Mayo, Leon Meeks, John P. Osborn, Joe Overstreet, et al. BIRMINGHAM (MI). G.R. N'Namdi Gallery. Contemporary African American Artists. March, 1994. Group exhibition. Included: Nanette Carter, Carol Ann Carter, Ed Clark, Robert Colescott, Herbert Gentry, Richard Hunt, Al Loving, Allie McGhee, Tyrone Mitchell, Joe Overstreet, Howardena Pindell, Raymond Saunders, Vincent Smith, Jack Whitten. Black Shades. Black Shades 2 (March 1972). 1972. Includes: Skunder Boghossian, Camille Billops, Leroy Clarke, Jeff Donaldson, Allen A. Fannin, Justin Georges, Richard Hunt, Ben Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Valerie Maynard. Black Shades. Black Shades 3, no. 2 (1973). 1973. Includes: John Britton, Bernard W. Brooks, III, Leroy Clarke, Houston Conwill, Kinshasha Holman Conwill, Richard Hunt, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Samella Lewis, Phillip L. Mason, William Pajaud, Deborah Wilkins, et al. BLOOMINGTON (IN). Indiana University Art Museum. Four Artists. 1969. Group exhibition: Richard Hunt, John E. Dowell, Jr., Robert Reid, and Robert Stull. BLUM, BETTY. Art Related Archival Materials in the Chicago Area. Washington (DC). Smithsonian Institution, 1991. 74 pp., index. Lists references to artists and others in interviews for Archives of American Art and papers by numerous African American artists based on the summaries, not based on document search. Includes: Margaret Burroughs, William S. Carter, William Dawson, Fitzhugh Dinkins, Aaron Douglas, Bernard Goss, Richard Hunt, Joseph Kersey, William McBride, James (Son) Thomas, Anna M. Tyler, Charles White, Luster Willis, Leroy Winbush, Vernon Winslow, and Joseph Yoakum, as well as one reference to Wifredo Lam. [Note: Repeats spelling errors in transcripts yet again.] BONTEMPS, ARNA ALEXANDER, ed. Choosing: An Exhibit of Changing Perspectives in Modern Art and Art Criticism by Black Americans, 1925-1985. Hampton (VA): Hampton University, 1985. 142 pp. exhib. cat., color and b&w illus., biogs., photo and illus. for each artist. Curated by Leslee Stradford. Essays by David Driskell, Keith Morrison (on printmaking), Allan Gordon, and Arna Bontemps include many artists not in the show. Artists exhibited include: Benny Andrews, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Robert Blackburn, Moe Brooker, Vivian E. Browne, Elizabeth Catlett, Catti, Claude Clark, Houston Conwill, Emilio Cruz, Mary Reed Daniel, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, John Dowell, David Driskell, Ed Dwight, Allan Edmunds, Sam Gilliam, Ed Hamilton, Michael Harris, Maren Hassinger, Barkley Hendricks, Robin Holder, Margo Humphrey, Richard Hunt, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Persis Jennings, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Juan Logan, Ed Love, Geraldine McCullough, Lloyd McNeill, Percy Martin, Keith Morrison, Nefertiti, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Joe Overstreet, Gregory Page, Howardena Pindell, Martin Puryear, John Rhoden, Raymond Saunders, Joyce Scott, Clemon Smith, Frank Smith, Vincent Smith, Sylvia Snowden, Nelson Stevens, Lou Stovall, Lloyd McNeill, Robert Stull, Alma Thomas, Eugene Roy Vango, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams, Hale Woodruff, Richard Yarde, James L. Wells, Charles White. [Traveled to Portsmouth Museum, Portsmouth, VA; Chicago State University, Chicago, IL; Howard University, Washington, DC.] 4to, cloth, d.j. First ed. BRENSON, MICHAEL. Black Artists: A Place in the Sun. 1989. In: NYT, March 12, 1989. A long and important historical breakpoint article marking the beginning of a shift in art world opinion toward the work of black artists. "In a sleepy, uneventful art season, there are the rumblings of an earthquake. After years of being dismissed as not even worthy of consideration, the work of black American artists has become essential to the future of American art and to understanding who we are./ This is true even though black artists continue to encounter tremendous resistance within the institutionalized art world, particularly in New York. It is true even though most people who follow, show and buy contemporary art do not have a clue how rich and complex the art of black Americans is./ The reasons for the change go to the heart of the concerns of many black artists, and they go to the heart of this international and historical moment. In a decade when artists feel free to draw from any artistic tradition, in any era, many black artists have been implicitly raising the notion of a world culture in which African, Asian and South American art have as much of a place as the art of Europe and the United States." The article does mention 18 individuals, but the particular artists, named mostly due to their inclusion in recent New York shows, are not as important as the general thesis. Included: Benny Andrews, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Robert Colescott, Houston Conwill, Melvin Edwards (singled out for special notice), Sam Gilliam, Maren Hassinger, Richard Hunt, Oliver Jackson, Alvin D. Loving, John L. Moore, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Martin Puryear, Betye Saar, Lorna Simpson, and Bob Thompson. BRONX (NY). Bronx Museum of the Arts. 3 Sculptors: Chase-Riboud, Edwards, Hunt. May 11-June 29, n.d.. (8 pp.), 9 b&w Illus., checklist of predominantly welded steel and bronze cast sculptures, some drawings. Text by Linda Goode Bryant. 4to (11 x 8.5 in.), stapled sheets without cover (as issued); also invitation card (lettered only), 4 x 5 in. BRONX (NY). Bronx Museum of the Arts. Traditions and Transformations: Contemporary Afro-American Sculpture. February 21-May 27, 1989. 72 pp. exhib. cat., 22 color plates, 18 b&w illus., text on each of the 11 artists and extensive biogs. for each, exhib. checklist of 64 works, bibliog. Intro. and curated by Philip Verre; additional text by George Nelson Preston. Artists include: Elizabeth Catlett, Houston Conwill, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Maren Hassinger, Richard Hunt, Tyrone Mitchell, Howardena Pindell, Martin Puryear, Alison Saar, George Smith. [Review: Vivien Raynor, "Modern Sculpture of 11 Black Artists at Bronx Museum," NYT, Art, March 26, 1989:C4.] 4to (28 cm.), wraps. First ed. BROOKLYN (NY) Bedford-Stuyvesant Restoration Corp../ Metropolitan Museum of Art. Selected Works by Black Artists from the Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. April 14-June 14, 1976. 32 pp., 6 illus., checklist of 27 works by 19 artists, biogs. for each, bibliog. Brief text by Lowery S. Sims mentions Joshua Johnston, Robert Duncanson, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Charles Alston, Peter Bradley, Horace Pippin, Thomas Sills, Richmond Barthé, Jacob Lawrence, Samuel Brown. Exhibited artists include: Charles Alston, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Peter Bradley, Samuel Brown, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Avel DeKnight, Frederick Floyd, Herb Gentry, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, William Majors, Preston Phillips, Thomas Sills, Jack Whitten, Hale Woodruff. Small square 4to (8.7 x 7.2 in.), wraps. BROOKLYN (NY). Brooklyn College Art Gallery. Afro-American Artists Since 1950. April 15-May 18, 1969. 28 pp. exhib. cat., 21 b&w illus. and brief biog for each artist, cover by Romare Bearden. Includes 20 artists: Benny Andrews, Malcom Bailey, Betty Blayton, David Scott Brown, Vivian Browne, Floyd Coleman, Calvin Douglass, Reginald Gammon, Richard Hunt, Al Loving, Geraldine McCullough, Earl Miller, John Rhoden, Raymond Saunders, Thomas Sills, Alvin Smith, Vincent D. Smith, Bob Thompson, Russ Thompson, William T. Williams. 8vo (8.9 x 7.1 in.), wraps. First ed. BROOKLYN (NY). Brooklyn Museum of Art. Thirty Years of American Printmaking. 1977. 160 pp. exhib. cat., illus. Text by Gene Baro. Included: John E. Dowell, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt. BROOKLYN (NY). Pratt Institute. Fourteen Afro-American Artists. December 1-21, 1976. Group exhibition. Poster has info and photo for each artist; intro. by Norma McMichael. Includes: Bearden, Bob Blackburn, Kay Brown, Carole Byard, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Tom Feelings, Manuel Hughes, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Valerie Maynard, Otto Neals, Ademola Olugebefola. Poster. BUFFALO (NY). Albright-Knox Art Gallery. Carved, Modelled, Assembled, Welded, Drawn. February 26-May 20, 1999. Group exhibition of 30 major sculptors. Included: Richard Hunt. BUFFALO (NY). Albright-Knox Art Gallery. The Appropriate Object. March 5-April 23, 1989. 79 pp. exhib. cat., b&w and color plates, exhib. checklist of 74 works, biogs., exhibs., commissions for each artist. Text by Beryl Wright. Artists include: Maren Hassinger, Richard Hunt, Oliver Jackson, Al Loving, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, John T. Scott. Substantial African American traveling exhibition. [Traveled to: The Detroit Institute of Arts, May 15-July 15; San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose, CA, August 26-October 15; J.B. Speed Art Museum, Louisville, KY, November 13, 1989-January 7, 1990.] [Review: Charlotte Moser, Artweek 20 (October 7, 1989):4.] 4to (28 cm.; 11 x 8.5 in.), wraps. Ed. of 1000. CARBONDALE (IL). Southern Illinois University. Adeline Dorsky Print Collection. July 17-August 2, 1979. Group exhibition. Included: Richard Hunt. CARBONDALE (IL). University Museum, Southern Illinois University. African-American Artists in the Museum's Collection. February 4-March 11, 2011. Group exhibition. Curated by Nate Steinbrink. Included: Frederick J. Brown, Richard Hunt, Preston Jackson and Jacob Lawrence. CATTELL, JACQUES, ed. Who's Who in American Art 16. New York: Bowker, 1984. Curators who are not also artists are included in this bibliographic entry but are not otherwise listed in the database: We are NOT going to go through all of these volumes over the decades; this one is catalogued simply to record the degree to which living African American artists had entered the conciousness of the mainstream American art world as of 1984. [Should be consulted along with Falk's Who Was Who in American Art (1985) to complete the "awareness list" as of the mid-1980s.] 160 artists are included here along with 1000 pages of far more obscure white artists: p. 21, Benny Andrews, 33, Ellsworth Ausby, 50, Richmond Barthé; 57, Romare Bearden, 76, John Biggers, 83, Betty Blayton, 98, Frank Bowling, 108, Arthur Britt, 112, Wendell Brooks, 116, Marvin Brown, 117-18, Vivian Browne, 121, Linda Goode Bryant, 128, Calvin Burnett, 129, Margaret Burroughs, 132, Carole Byard, 133, Walter Cade, 148, Yvonne Pickering Carter, 168, Claude Clark, 178-79, Floyd Coleman, 179, Robert Colescott, 181, Paul Collins, 184, James Conlon, 188-89, Arthur Coppedge; 191, Eldzier Cortor, Averille Costley-Jacobs, 198, Allan Crite; 210, D'Ashnash-Tosi [Barbara Chase-Riboud], 213-14, Alonzo Davis, 219-20, Roy DeCarava, 222, Avel DeKnight, 226, Richard Dempsey, 228, Murry DePillars, 237, Raymond Dobard, 239, Jeff Donaldson, 243, John Dowell, 246, David Driskell, 256, Allan Edmunds, 256-57, James Edwards, 260, David Elder, 265, Whitney John Engeran, 267, Marion Epting, 270, Burford Evans, 271, Minnie Evans, 271-72, Frederick Eversley, 277, Elton Fax, 304, Charlotte Franklin, 315, Edmund Barry Gaither (curator), 317, Reginald Gammon, 325, Herbert Gentry, 326, Joseph Geran, 328, Henri Ghent (curator), 332, Sam Gilliam, 346, Russell Gordon, 354, Rex Goreleigh, 361, Eugene Grigsby, 375, Robert Hall, 380, Leslie King-Hammond (curator), 381, Grace Hampton, 385, Marvin Harden, 406, Barkley Hendricks, 418, Leon Hicks, 414, Freida High-Wasikhongo, 424-25, Al Hollingsworth, 428, Earl Hooks, 433, Humbert Howard, 439, Richard Hunt, 450, A. B. Jackson, Oliver Jackson; 451, Suzanne Jackson, 454, Catti James, Frederick James, 464, Lester L. Johnson; 467, Ben Jones, 467-68, Calvin Jones, 469, James Edward Jones, Lois Jones, 471, Theodore Jones, 489, Paul Keene; 492, James Kennedy, 495-96, Virginia Kiah, 535, Raymond Lark, 540-41, Jacob Lawrence, 546, Hughie Lee-Smith, 557, Samella Lewis, 586, Cheryl Ilene McClenney (arts admin.), 595, Anderson Macklin, 620, Philip Lindsay Mason, 625, Richard Mayhew, 597, Oscar McNary, 598, Kynaston McShine (curator), 610, 637, Marianne Miles a.k.a. Marianne; 638, Earl Miller, 640-41, Lev Mills, 649, Evangeline Montgomery; 653, Norma Morgan, 655, Keith Morrison, 657, Dewey Mosby (curator), 671, Otto Neals, 693, Ademola Olugebefola, 700, Hayward Oubré, John Outterbridge, Wallace Owens, 702, William Pajaud, 706, James Parks, 710, Curtis Patterson, 711, Sharon Patton (curator), 711-12, John Payne, 720, Regenia Perry (curator), 724, Bertrand Phillips; 727, Delilah Pierce, 728, Vergniaud Pierre-Noël, 729, Stanley Pinckney, Howardena Pindell, 744, Leslie Price, Arnold Prince, 747, Mavis Pusey, 752, Bob Ragland, 759, Roscoe Reddix, 763, Robert Reid, 768, John Rhoden, 772, John Riddle, Gregory Ridley, 774, Faith Ringgold, 778, Lucille Roberts, 803, Mahler Ryder, 804, Betye Saar, 815, Raymond Saunders, 834, John Scott, 841, James Sepyo, 857, Thomas Sills, 859, Jewel Simon, 861, Merton Simpson, Lowery Sims (curator); 865, Van Slater, 869, Dolph Smith, 873, Vincent Smith, 886, Francis Sprout, 890-91, Shirley Stark, 898, Nelson Stevens, 920, Luther Stovall, 909, Robert Stull, 920, Ann Tanksley, James Tanner, 924, Rod Taylor, 922, William Bradley Taylor [Bill Taylor], 929, Elaine Thomas, 946, Curtis Tucker, 949, Leo Twiggs, 970, Larry Walker, 977, James Washington, 979, Howard Watson, 994, Amos White, 995, Franklin White, 996 Tim Whiten, 1001-2, Chester Williams, 1003, Randolph Williams, Todd Williams, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, 1005, Edward Wilson, George Wilson, 1005-6, John Wilson, 1007, Frank Wimberley, 1016, Rip Woods, 1017, Shirley Woodson, 1019, Bernard Wright, 1025, Charles Young, 1026, Kenneth Young, Milton Young. CHAPEL HILL (NC). Ackland Art Center, University of North Carolina. Distinguished University Artists. 1965. iii, 33 pp. exhib. cat., 3 illus., artists' statements, checklist of 44 works by thirty contemporary artists working outside North Carolina. Includes: Richard Hunt. CHICAGO (IL). Aaron Galleries. A Collection of Works on Paper by Joseph Delaney and Other African American Masters. Fall, 2002. Exhibition catalogue of 118 works, mostly prints and drawings, including 45 works by African American artists: Joseph Delaney (19 works), Romare Bearden (1 watercolor), John Biggers (1), Margaret Burroughs (5), William Carter, Robert Colescott (2), Irene Clark (5), Eldzier Cortor (1), Aaron Douglas (4 block prints), Berry Horton (5), Richard Hunt (1). CHICAGO (IL). Art Institute of Chicago. 1958 Chicago Artists Exhibition. June 14-29, 1958. 44 pp. exhib. checklist. Non-juried group exhibition of 2126 works. Includes: Richard Hunt ("National Hero Construction"), Wadsworth Jarrell ("Night and the City"), Calvin Jones ("Aurora"), Geraldine McCullough ("The Intruder"), Marion Perkins ("Don Quixote and Sancho Panza"), Ethel Nolan ("Garden of Versailles") and William (Bill) Walker ("Street Bottom.") CHICAGO (IL). Art Institute of Chicago. 58th Annual Exhibition by Artists of Chicago and Vicinity. June 2-July 4, 1955. 6 pp. exhib. brochure, b&w illus., checklist. Juried by Edmund D. Lewandowski, Lester D. Longman, and Ezio Martinelli. Included No. 79 "Two Figure Sculpture" in soldered metal by Richard Hunt (priced at $90.) 8vo, wraps. CHICAGO (IL). Art Institute of Chicago. 59th Annual Exhibition by Artists of Chicago and Vicinity. March 8-April 12, 1956. Unpag. (15 pp.) exhib. cat., b&w illus. Group exhibition juried by Ibram Lassaw, Hedda Sterne, Gordon B. Washburn. List of prizewinners with biog. notes. Included two pieces by Richard Hunt: "Construction D' (Winner, Frank G. Logan Art Institute Medal and Prize) and "Contruction N" both cottonwood and steel. 8vo, wraps. CHICAGO (IL). Art Institute of Chicago. 64th Annual American Exhibition. January 6-February 5, 1961. Unpag. (45 pp.) exhib. cat., b&w illus. Group exhibition. Juried by Sherman Lee, William Brice, Ivan Albright. Included: Richard Hunt ("Wall Piece with Hanging Forms" - illustrated in catalogue) and Richard Mayhew ("End of Season" 1960 Oil.) 8vo, wraps. CHICAGO (IL). Art Institute of Chicago. 64th Annual Exhibition by Artists of Chicago and Vicinity. March 31-May 28, 1961. Unpag. (22 pp.) exhib. cat., b&w illus. Group exhibition juried by Leon Kroll, Bernard Perlin, Theodoros Stamos, Helmut van Flein, Allen S. Weller. Included: Richard Hunt "Construction with Branching Forms" steel (prizewinner; illustrated in catalogue.) [Art Institute of Chicago Archives.] 8vo, wraps. CHICAGO (IL). Art Institute of Chicago. 65th Annual American Exhibition: Some Directions in Contemporary Painting and Sculpture. January 5-February 18, 1962. Unpag. (66 pp.) exhib. cat., b&w illus. Group exhibition. Juried by John D. Entenza, Andrew Carnduff Ritchie, and Francois Stahly. Included: Richard Hunt's "Antique Study (Nike)" welded steel (Prizewinner, illustrated in catalogue.) Particularly stiff sculpture competition this year including figures such as Isamu Noguchi, Louise Nevelson, John Chamberlain, Mary Frank, James Rosati, and many others. 8vo, wraps. CHICAGO (IL). Art Institute of Chicago. 65th Annual Exhibition by Artists of Chicago and Vicinity. May 4-June 3, 1962. Unpag. (22 pp.) exhib. cat., b&w illus. Curated by George Danforth, Dorothy C. Miller, Louise Nevelson, Nathan Oliveira and George L. Stout. Included: Richard Hunt "Organic Construction" metal (Prizewinner.) 8vo, wraps. CHICAGO (IL). Art Institute of Chicago. A Century of Collecting: African American Art in the Art Institute of Chicago. February 15-May 18, 2003. Group exhibition. Curated by Daniel Schulman, associate curator of modern and contemporary art. 60 artists (over half contemporary) including: Benny Andrews, Radcliffe Bailey, Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Dawoud Bey, Hilda Wilkinson Brown, Margaret Burroughs, William S. Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Edward Clark, Kerry Stuart Coppin, Eldzier Cortor, Allan Rohan Crite, Charles C. Dawson, Aaron Douglas, John E. Dowell, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Melvin Edwards, Walter Ellison, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, William Harper, George Herriman, Earlie Hudnall, Jr., Richard Hunt, Joshua Johnson, Rashid Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Joseph Kersey, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Glenn Ligon, Kerry James Marshall, Willie Middlebrook, Keith Morrison, Archibald J. Motley, Marion Perkins, Allie Pettway, Jessie T. Pettway, Robert Pious, Adrian Piper, Horace Pippin, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold, William Edouard Scott, Vincent Smith, Nelson Stevens, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Henry Ossawa Tanner, James Vanderzee, Kara Walker, Carrie Mae Weems, Gearldine Westbrook, Charles White, Sarah Ann Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Joseph E. Yoakum. CHICAGO (IL). Art Institute of Chicago. African Americans in Art: Selections from the Art Institute of Chicago. 1999. Museum studies, v. 24, no. 2, 140-272, illus. (some in color), substantial bibliog. pp. 260-272. Essays by Susan F. Rossen, Colin L. Westerbeck, Amy M. Mooney (on Archibald J. Motley, Jr.), Andrea D. Barnwell and Kirsten P. Buick, Daniel Schulman (very important text on Marion Perkins), Cherise Smith (on Simpson, Weems and Willie Robert Middlebrook). Artists include: Samuel J. Miller, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Marion Perkins, Lorna Simpson; Carrie Mae Weems, Willie Robert Middlebrook, Joshua Johnson, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Joseph Delaney, Aaron Douglas, Walter Ellison, Horace Pippin, James Vanderzee, Eldzier Cortor, Hilda Wilkinson Brown, William H. Johnson, Richmond Barthé, Beauford Delaney, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Margaret Burroughs, Roy DeCarava, Charles White, Elizabeth Catlett, Richard Hunt, Melvin Edwards, Vincent D. Smith; Robert Thompson, Joseph Yoakum, Alma Thomas, Romare Bearden, Adrian Piper, Kerry Coppin, Kerry James Marshall, Kara Walker. Topics include Frederick A. Douglass, definitions of African American Art, mixed media work, sculpture. 4to (26 cm.), wraps. CHICAGO (IL). Art Institute of Chicago. Sculpture in the Park. August-November, 1974. 16 pp. exhib cat., illus. Text by Max Kozloff. Included Richard Hunt. Sq. 8vo (26 x 26 cm.), stapled wraps. First ed. CHICAGO (IL). Art Institute of Chicago. Two Centuries of American Art: 1750-1950. October-December, 1959. Group exhibition of work from the museum collection. Included: Richard Hunt "Hero Construction" acquired in 1958. This was one of a small number of works (along with Pollock's "Greyed Rainbow" 1953 that did not fit in the perameters of the time period, but which expanded the exhibition to include at least a few works of modern art. CHICAGO (IL). David and Alfred Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago. Carved, Cast, Crumpled: Sculpture All Ways. September 27-December 21, 2014. Group exhibition. Included: Nick Cave, Richard Hunt. CHICAGO (IL). David and Alfred Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago. Trends in Post-War Chicago Art. December 26, 1996-January 16, 1997. Group exhibition. Included: Richard Hunt. CHICAGO (IL). DePaul University Art Museum. 1968: Art and Politics in Chicago. September 18-November 23, 2008. 100 pp., exhib. cat., 65 color illus. Foreword by Louise Lincoln; ed. and text by curator Patricia Kelly. Exhibition of 42 works created in response to the turbulent events surrounding the Democratic National Convention in Chicago in 1968. Includes important interview (pp. 45-49) with Robert A. Sengstacke by Amor Kohti. Sengstacke discusses the history of black art movements in Chicago from the Wall of Respect and Africobra, Mayor Daley, the 1968 Democratic Convention, foundation of the Black Panthers. Mentions: Billy Abernathy, Jeff Donaldson, William Walker. None were included in the exhibition. The Chicago Artists Collaborative produced a spiral bound screenprint book entitled "Protest Papers" (1968) which included Richard Hunt. Sq. 8vo (9.8 x 9 in.), wraps. CHICAGO (IL). DePaul University Art Museum. Re: Chicago: Highlights from the Permanent Collection. September 16, 2011-March 4, 2012. 86 pp. exhib. cat., color illus. Texts by by Robert Cozzolino, Wendy Greenhouse, Kirsten Jensen and Lynne Warren. Group exhibition of work by 40 artists, each selected by a different curator. Includes: Dawoud Bey, Nick Cave, Richard Hunt, Kerry James Marshall. CHICAGO (IL). DuSable Museum of African American History. Prints by American Negro Artists from the Ruth Waddy Collection. 1986. Group exhibition. Included: Margaret Burroughs, Richard Hunt, Ruth Waddy. CHICAGO (IL). G.R. N'Namdi Gallery. 50 Years of Abstraction. May 31-September 7, 2013. Group exhibition. Included: Charles Alston, McArthur Binion, Chakaia Booker, Frank Bowling, Nanette Carter, Ed Clark, Gregory Coates, Deborah Dancy, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Rashid Johnson, Alvin D. Loving, Mauro Machado, Allie McGhee, Tyrone Mitchell, Howardena Pindell, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams. CHICAGO (IL). Hyde Park Art Center. Don Baum Says Chicago Has Famous Artists. November, 1996. Group exhibition. Curated by Don Baum and Ruth Horwich. Included: Ralph Arnold, John Bankston, Richard Hunt and Derek Webster. The exhibition ran concurrently with the Museum of Contemporary Art's major survey exhibition, "Art in Chicago, 1945-95." CHICAGO (IL). Illinois Art Gallery, Illinois State Museum. The Flowering: African-American Artists and Friends in 1940s Chicago: A Look at the South Side Community Art Center. April 7-May 28, 1993. Exhib. cat., checlist of works. Curated by Judith Burson Lloyd and Anna Tyler. Group exhibition. Included: Ernest Alexander, Henry Avery, Richmond Barthé, Katherine Bell, Sylvester Britton, Margaret Burroughs, William Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Irene Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Robert Tyler Crump, Charles Vincent Davis, Walter Ellison, William McKnight Farrow, Ramon Gabriel, Bernard Goss, Fred Hollingsworth, Richard Hunt, Frederick D. Jones (as Fred), Joe Kersey, Clarence Lawson, Hughie Lee-Smith, William McBride, Archibald Motley, Frank Neal, George Neal, Gordon Parks, Marion Perkins, Ramon Price, Walter Sanford, William Edouard Scott, Allen Stringfellow, Earl M. Walker, William (Bill) Weaver, Charles White. [Review: Garrett Holg, "Recalling a Cultural Oasis on South Side," Chicago Sun-Times, (May 9, 1993):9.] CHICAGO (IL). Illinois Arts Council and Illinois Bell Telephone Lobby Gallery. Black American Artists / 71. 1971-1972. 12 pp. catalogue of an important traveling exhibition circulated by the Illinois Arts Council and Illinois Bell; checklist of 136 works by 59 artists, 28 b&w illus., address list for many of the artists. Intro. and curated by Robert H. Glauber; statements by some of the artists on the topic of being a Black artist in 1971. Ralph Arnold, Sam Gilliam, Russell T. Gordon, Joseph B. Ross Jr., and by Edward K. Taylor (President of the Harlem Cultural Council.). Artists included in the exhibition: Benny Andrews, Ralph Arnold, Romare Bearden, Cleveland Bellow, Betty Blayton, Lynn Bowers, Vivian Browne, Robert Carter, Bernie Casey, LeRoy Clarke, Floyd Coleman, Dan Concholar, Dale Davis, Avel DeKnight, Richard Dempsey, David Driskell, Michael Esteves, Babatunde Folayemi, Sam Gilliam, Russell T. Gordon, David Hammons, Ben Hazard, Bill Howell, Raymond Howell, Manuel Hughes, Richard Hunt, Tonnie Jones, James DeWitt King, Jr., Jacob Lawrence, Leon Lank Leonard, Sr., Richard Mayhew, Geraldine McCullough, Charles McGee, Allie McGhee, Algernon Miller, Arthur Monroe, Keith Morrison, Ademola Olugebefola, Joe Overstreet, William Pajaud, Stephanie Pogue, Leslie Price, Noah Purifoy, Robert Reid, John T. Riddle, Gregory Ridley, Faith Ringgold, Joseph B. Ross, Jr., Raymond Saunders, John T. Scott, Vincent Smith, Alma Thomas, Timothy Washington, Charles White, Stanley Whitney, Walter J. Williams, Rip Woods, Kenneth Young, Milton Young. [Traveled to: Chicago, Illinois State Museum, Springfield (IL), Sloan Galleries, Valparaiso (IL), Peoria Art Guild, Peoria (IL), Burpee Gallery, Rockford (IL), Quincy (IL), Kalamazoo Institute of Arts, Kalamazoo [MI], University of Iowa Art Museum, Iowa City (IA), November 2, 1971-January 2, 1972, and perhaps other venues.] [Review: (Unattrib.) "Unknown black artists get chance to show their work," Jet (February 4, 1971):48-49, 4 b&w photos of artists and work.] 4to, stapled wraps. Individuated covers printed for at least two locations. CHICAGO (IL). Mayor's Office, City of Chicago. The Chicago Public Art Guide. Chicago: Dept. of Public Affairs,. 92 pp., approx. 150 color illus., intro. text by Gregory G. Knight. Contains index of works by region, branch library installations, special projects, map, index of artists with titles of work. Includes color illus. of the following works: Richard Hunt (Freeform, 1993, stainless steel sculpture, State of Illinois Building); Preston Jackson (Irv Kupcinet Memorial, 2006, bronze cast portrait sculpture, Wabash Ave./approach to Irv Kupcinet Bridge.) Works at the Harold Washington Library Center: Houston Conwill and Estella Conwill Majozo (Du Sable's Journey, 1991, terrazzo and inlaid brass floor design); Jacob Lawrence (Events in the Life of Harold Washington, 1991, ceramic tile mural.) Works in the collection of the Harold Washington Library Center: Faith Ringgold (The Winner, 1988, painted quilt); Muneer Bahauddeen (sculpture); John Bankston (painting); William Dawson (sculptures); Robert Dilworth (painting); Richard Hunt (drawing); Preston Jackson (sculpture); Calvin Jones (painting); Bertrand Phillips (painting); David Philpot (sculptures); Arnaldo Roche-Rabell (painting); Tim Rollins + K.O.S. (painting); Alison Saar (sculpture); Lorna Simpson (photographic print); Fan Warren (drawings). At the Legler Branch Library: Elizabeth Catlett (Floating Family, 1996, carved wood); and Kerry James Marshall (Knowledge and Wonder, 1996, mural painting). At the Austin Senior Satellite Center: Brook Collins (Family Mosaics, 2006, 15 photographs) and Melvin King (Follette Park and Selma March, 2006, paintings). At the Rosemont busline station: Martin Puryear (River Road Ring, 1986, wood sculpture). At the 4th District Police Station: Amir Nour (Untitled, 1980, rolled steel semi-spheres). In Bronzeville/along Dr. Martin Luther King Drive: Alison Saar (Monument to the Great Northern Migration, 1994, bronze figure sculpture); art benches by: Willie Cole, Geraldine McCullough; Ed Dwight (Blues Sculptures - Four Musicians, 2005, bronze sculptures, at 47th St./Dr. Martin Luther King Drive). Chicago Police Dept. Headquarters /Michigan Ave.: 4 quilts by Gladys Henry, Laverne Brackens, Sherry Byrd and Sara Byrd - four generations of African American quiltmakers. At Chicago International Airport: Dawoud Bey (Chicago Couples, 2000, photographic print); Richard Hunt (Flight Forms, 2001, stainless steel.) At the Thurgood Marshall Branch Library: Venus Blue (They All Had Something in Common, 1995, quilt). At the Woodson Branch Library: Bernard Williams (sculpture). At the Rogers Park Branch Library: Al Tyler (paintings). At the Uptown Branch Library: Mr. Imagination (installation). At Mabel Manning Branch Library: Dawoud Bey (photographs) and Willie Carter (painting). At Logan Square Branch Library: Arnaldo Roche-Rabell (paintings). At West Chicago Branch Library: Nick Cave (fabric). At Brainerd Branch Library: Preston Jackson (sculpture). At Douglass Branch Library: Emilio Cruz (banners.). At Woodson Branch Library: Richard Hunt (sculpture), Charles Searles (sculpture), and Bernard Williams (sculpture). At Wrightwood-Ashburn Branch Library: Candida Alvarez (stained glass) and Gerald Griffin (collage). At Avalon Branch Library: Stephen Marc (photographs). At Bessie Coleman Branch Library: Laverne Brackens (quilt) and Arbie Williams (quilt.) At Chicago Bee Branch Library: Carrie Mae Weems (painting/mixed media), Derek Webster (sculpture), and Gregg Spears (painting). At Jeffery Manor Branch Library: Marva Lee Pitchford Jolly (ceramic installation). At Kelly Branch Library: Robert Dilworth (painting) and Jacob Lawrence (lithograph). At Pullman Branch Library: Orisegun Olomidun (painting) and Bernard Williams (mural). At South Chicago: Kerry James Marshall (mural). At South Shore Branch Library: Muneer Bahauddeen (sculpture and mosaic) and Laverne Brackens (quilt). West Pullman Branch Library: Marcus Akinlana (mural and mixed media). [See: explorechicago.org] pdf file: www.explorechicago.org/etc/...art.../ENTIREPAWEB.pdf CHICAGO (IL). Museum of Contemporary Art (MCA). Art in Chicago, 1945-95. New York: Thames & Hudson, 1996. 312 pp., 170 color plates, 140 b&w illus., biogs. Curated by Lynne Warren. Texts by Barbara Jaffee, Bill Stamets, Carmela Rago, Dennis Adrian, Dominic Molon, Franz Schulze, Jeff Abell, John Corbett, Judith Russi Kirshner, Kate Horsfield, Monique Meloche, Peter Selz, and Staci Boris. Discussion of 150 artists who have either always lived and worked in Chicago or have created significant bodies of work in residence there. Includes: Othello Anderson, Richard Hunt, Calvin B. Jones, Kerry James Marshall, Keith Morrison, Archibald J. Motley Jr., et al. 4to (12.3 x 9.8 in.), cloth, d.j. CHICAGO (IL). Museum of Contemporary Art (MCA). Life, Death, Love, Hate, Pleasure, Pain: Selected Works from the MCA Collection. November 16, 2002- April 20, 2003. 384 pp. exhib. cat., 225 color illus. of approx. 190 works. Edited by Kari Dahlgren, Trisha Beck. Introductory essay by Elizabeth Smith. A two- or three-page spread is devoted to each artist, including one or more photo illustrations and a concise essay. Includes: Dawoud Bey, Stan Douglas, David Hammons, Richard Hunt, Byron Kim, Wifredo Lam, Glenn Ligon, Kerry James Marshall, Paul Pfeiffer, Adrian Piper, Martin Puryear, Yinka Shonibare, Gary Simmons, Lorna Simpson, Kara Walker, et al. 4to (30.9 x 23 cm.; 12.2 x 9.3 in.), cloth. First ed. CHICAGO (IL). Navy Pier. Chicago International Art 1983 Exposition. May 19-24, 1983. 268 pp. exhib. cat., illus. Text in English, French, and German. Includes: Richard Hunt's Giant Steps. 1982. Welded stainless steel tubing. h: 35 ft. Artists in the show: Robert Colescott, Sam Gilliam, Russell Gordon, Martin Puryear, Raymond Saunders. Chicago (IL). Negro Digest. The Art Scene. Chicago: Johnson Publishing Co., Inc., 1970. Unattrib. article. In: Negro Digest Vol. 19, no. 3 (January 1970):80-82, cover illus. photo of sculpture by Ramon Price. In a rare burst of enthusiasm for the visual arts, this issue devoted over two pages to mention of the Studio Museum show "14 Black Artists from Boston" and mention of two exhibitions at he South Side Community Art Center: a solo show by Garrett Whyte and a group exhibition "Black Expressions 1969" with photos of two of the winners Ramon Price (sculpture), John H. White (photography), jurors Leroy Winbush, Lerone Bennett, Jr. and Harold Bradley, plus photos of others attending the opening Richard Hunt and Clarence Tolbert. CHICAGO (IL). Robert Henry Adams Fine Art. Spring 2002. 2002. Unpag. exhib. cat., 13 full page color plates, checklist. Includes 3 African American artists: Eldzier Cortor, Robert Colescott, Richard Hunt. 4to, stapled wraps. First ed. CHICAGO (IL). School of the Art Institute of Chicago. SAIC 2nd Faculty Show. June 18-July 21, 1957. Group exhibition. Included: Richard Hunt (listed as traveling fellowship winner.) [Art Institute of Chicago Archives.] CHICAGO (IL). South Side Community Art Center. Recession. April 2-May 2, 2010. Group exhibition chronicling the history of the South Side Community Art Center. Includes: Greg Bray, Sylvester Britton, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Colleen Coleman, Jonathan Green, Richard Hunt, Calvin Jones, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Rodney Lee Jones, Geraldine McCullough, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Ray Noland, Lorenzo Pace, Eva Richardson, Duhirwe Rushemeza, Eve Sanford, Margaret Tarr, Al Tyler, Anna Tyler, Charles White, John Yancey. CIRGENSKI, CHARLES (Dir., cinematographer). Untitled [Roger Brown, Richard Hunt, John Hegarty] [Video]. Birmingham, MI: American Film House, 1983. Videorecording. Exec. producer, Dennis Barrie; producers, Linda Abramsky and Ralph Graham. Dennis Barrie, Midwest director of the Archives of American Art, narrates three separate 15 min. documentaries about Chicago artists, including painter Roger Brown, sculptor Richard Hunt, and realist painter John Hegarty. [Collection of Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.] 1 videocassette (45 min.): sd., col.; 3/4 in. CLAPP, JANE, ed. Sculpture Index. Metuchen (NJ): Scarecrow, 1970. Vol. 2: Sculpture of the Americas, the Orient, Africa, the Pacific area, and the classical world. 1369 pp. Includes: Charles H. Alston, William E. Artis, Henry Bannarn, Richmond Barthé, Leslie Bolling, Selma Burke, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, William Edmondson, Meta Vaux Fuller, Richard Hunt, May Howard Jackson, Sargent Johnson, Joseph Kersey, Edmonia Lewis, Guy L. Miller, Hayward Oubre, Marion Perkins, John W. Rhoden, Gregory D. Ridley, Augusta Savage, Carroll Simms, Daniel Warburg, Eugene Warburg, John Wilson. CLEVELAND (OH). Museum of Contemporary Art. From Then To Now: Masterworks of Contemporary African American Art. January 29-May 9, 2010. Group exhibition of work by 27 artists. Curated by Margo Ann Crutchfield. Included: Radcliffe Bailey. Romare Bearden, Dawoud Bey, Chakaia Booker, Willie Cole, Robert Colescott, Dexter Davis, Leonardo Drew, Sam Gilliam, René Green, Trenton Doyle Hancock, Mark Howard, Richard Hunt, Rashid Johnson, Glenn Ligon, Alvin Loving, Kerry James Marshall, John L. Moore, Bradley McCallum and Jacqueline Tarry, Adam Pendleton, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Lorna Simpson, Alma Thomas, Kara Walker, Carrie Mae Weems and Kehinde Wiley. the first time that holdings of contemporary African-American art from five local collections the AMAM, the Akron Art Museum, the Cleveland Museum of Art, the Cleveland Clinic Collection, and the Progressive Collection have been shown together. COLLEGE PARK (PA). Pennsylvania State University. Twenty Contemporary Printmakers. 1978. Exhibition of prints from Bob Blackburn's workshop, assembled by Richard Mayhew. Includes 20 artists. Includes Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Betty Blayton, Vivian Browne, Ed Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Melvin Edwards, Richard Hunt, Mohammed Omer Khalil, Norman Lewis, Richard Mayhew, Stephanie Pogue, Mavis Pusey, Vincent D. Smith, Sharon E. Sutton, Benjamin L. Wigfall, John Wilson, Wendy Wilson. Exhibition flyer. COLLINS, LISA GAIL and MARGO CRAWFORD, eds. New Thoughts on the Black Arts Movement. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2006. 402 pp., 40 illus., chapter notes, notes on contributors, index. Contributors include: Collins, Crawford, Kellie Jones, Mary Ellen Lennon, Erina Duganne, Cherise Smith, Lee Bernstein, and others. Includes: Billy (Fundi) Abernathy, Sylvia Abernathy, Muhammad Ahmad, Benny Andrews, Amiri Baraka, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Gloria Bohanon, Ed Brown, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Ben Caldwell, Dana Chandler, Edward Christmas, Dan Concholar, Houston Conwill, Kinshasha Conwill, Robert Crawford, Alonzo Davis, Dale Davis, Roy DeCarava, Murry Depillars, Dj. Spooky (Paul D. Miller), Jeff Donaldson, Emory Douglas, Louis Draper, David Driskell, Melvin Edwards, Albert Fennar, Reginald Gammon, Ray Gibson, Sam Gilliam, Tyree Guyton, David Hammons, Maren Hassinger, James Hinton, Richard Hunt, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Suzanne Jackson, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Tom Lloyd. Clarence Major, Edward McDowell, Dindga McCannon, Senga Nengudi, John Outterbridge, Joe Oversotree, Gordon Parks, Judson Powell, Noah Purifoy, Sr., Herbert Randall, Betye Saar, Beuford Smith, Marvin Smith, Morgan Smith, Edward Spriggs, SUN RA, Curtis Tann, Askia Touré, James Vanderzee, Ruth Waddy, Bill Walker, Timothy Washington, Charles White, Randy Williams, William T. Williams, Deborah Willis, and Hale Woodruff. The texts explore the racial and sexual politics of the era, links with other contemporaneous cultural movements, prison arts, the role of Black colleges and universities, gender politics and the rise of feminism, color fetishism, photography, and more. 8vo (26 x 18 cm.; 9.9 x 7.1 in.), cloth, d.j. COLUMBIA (SC). Gallery 80808. The Fame Factor. September 6-, 2007. Group exhibition. Included: Benny Andrews, Richard Hunt, Sam Middleton, Leo Twiggs. COLUMBIA (SC). If ART Gallery. Salon III - The Print Exhibition. January 15-February 4, 2009. Group exhibition of prints in different techniques. Included: Herbert Gentry, Tonya Gregg, Alvin C. Hollingswroth, Richard Hunt, Sam Middleton. COOKS, BRIDGET R. Exhibiting Blackness: African Americans and the American Art Museum. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2011. 240 pp., color illus., notes, index. The narrative begins in 1927 with the Chicago "Negro in Art Week" exhibition, and in the 1930s with the Museum of Modern Art's exhibition of "William Edmondson" (1937) and "Contemporary Negro Art" (1939) at the Baltimore Museum of Art; the focus, however, is on exhibitions held from the 1960s to present with chapters on "Harlem on My Mind" (1969), "Two Centuries of Black American Art" (1976); "Black Male" (1994-95); and "The Quilts of Gee's Bend" (2202). Numerous artists, but most mentioned only in passing: Cedric Adams, Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, numerous Bendolphs (Annie, Jacob, Mary Ann, Mary Lee, Louisiana) and Loretta Bennett, Ed Bereal, Donald Bernard, Nayland Blake, Gloria Bohanon, Leslie Bolling, St. Clair Bourne, Cloyd Boykin, Kay Brown, Selma Burke, Bernie Casey, Roland Charles, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Claude Clark, Linda Day Clark, Robert Colescott, Dan Concholar, Emilio Cruz, Ernest Crichlow (footnote only), Alonzo Davis, Selma Day (footnote only), Roy DeCarava, Aaron Douglas, Emory Douglas, Robert M. Douglass, Jr., David Driskell, Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, Elton Fax (footnote only), Cecil L. Fergerson, Roland Freeman, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Reginald Gammon (footnote only), K.D. Ganaway, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, William A. Harper, Palmer Hayden, Vertis C. Hayes, Barkley L. Hendricks, James V. Herring, Richard Hunt, Rudy Irwin, May Howard Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Joshua Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Gwendolyn Knight, Wifredo Lam, Artis Lane, Jacob Lawrence, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Alvin Loving (footnote only), William Majors (footnote only), Richard Mayhew, Reginald McGhee, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Richard Mayhew, Willie Middlebrook, Ron Moody, Lottie and Lucy Mooney, Flora Moore, Scipio Moorhead, Norma Morgan, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Sara Murrell (footnote only), Otto Neals (footnote only), Odili Donald Odita, Noni Olubisi, Ademola Olugebefola, John Outterbridge, Gordon Parks, six Pettways (Annie E., Arlonzia, Bertha, Clinton, Jr., Jesse T., Letisha), James Phillips, Howardena Pindell, Horace Pippin, Carl Pope, James A. Porter, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Noah Purifoy, Martin Puryear, Okoe Pyatt (footnote only), Robert Reid (footnote only), John Rhoden, John Riddle, Faith Ringgold (footnote only), Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders (footnote only), Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Georgette Seabrook, James Sepyo (footnote only), Taiwo Shabazz (footnote only), Gary Simmons, Lorna Simpson, Merton Simpson (footnote only), Albert Alexander Smith, Arenzo Smith, Frank Stewart, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Danny Tisdale, Melvin Van Peebles, James Vanderzee, Annie Walker, Kara Walker, Augustus Washington, Timothy Washington, Carrie Mae Weems, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Pat Ward Williams, William T. Williams, Deborah Willis, Fred Wilson, Ernest C. Withers, Beulah Ecton Woodard, Hale Woodruff, Lloyd Yearwood, Annie Mae and Nettie Pettway Young. 8vo (9 x 6 in.), wraps. DAKAR (Senegal). U.S. Committee for the First World Festival of Negro Arts /Premier Festival Mondial des Arts Negres. Ten Negro Artists from the United States / Dix Artistes negres des Etats-Unis. Washington, DC: Smithsonian, 1966. Unpag. (30 pp.) exhib. cat., 10 b&w illus. of work plus b&w photos of artists, biogs, checklist of 21 items. In French / English. Pref. by Hale Woodruff; designed by Joseph Lawe. Includes: Jacob Lawrence, Charles White, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Emilio Cruz, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, William Majors, Norma Morgan, Robert Reid, Todd Williams. 8vo, colored wraps. First ed. DAVIES, CAROL BOYCE, ed. Encyclopedia of the African Diaspora: Origins, Experiences and Culture. ABC-CLIO, 2008. 3 vols. 1110 pp. Marked by a more than usual editorail indifference to the visual arts, entries of erratic quality and less than desirable levels of research or scholarship. Deborah Willis is alotted a bare handful of pages to cover the entirety of African American photography. The essay on African Diaspora Art was allotted 17 pages to cover a period of 35,000 years and makes a courageous attempt to do so. It is not supported by any entries on individual artists, and many of the artists mentioned are not in the index. The entry is also plagued with inexcusable misspellings of numerous artists' names. The essay on Diaspora photography is also beset by the requirement of inappropriate brevity; the author desperately spends most of the allotted space listing the names of a fairly subjective selection of photographers, some with birth dates, others not. Clyde Taylor packs his 2 1/2 page space allotment to cover Diaspora Film with as many names as possible and, understandably, still can find no room for the Black Audio Film Collective or other such experimental filmmakers, Other essays are depressingly vacuous - the essay on the Black Arts Movement, allotted 2 pages, spends only 31 lines on vague remarks about the movement which the reader is led to think is attributable to events that took place in the Nile Valley thousands of years before. What can you say about a book that devotes more space to rap and hip-hop than to Barbados. Not a book worth consulting? 4to (10.3 x 7.3 in.), cloth. DEACON, DEBORAH. The Art and Artifacts Collection of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture: A Preliminary Catalogue. 1981. In: Bulletin of Research on the Humanities Issue 84, no. 2, 1981:145-65. DETROIT (MI). Detroit Institute of Arts. Then and Now, A Selection of 19th and 20th Century Art by African-American Artists. March-Summer, 2003. Group exhibition drawn from the DIA collection. Curated by Valerie J. Mercer. The inaugural exhibition of the General Motors Center for African-American Art at the Detroit Institute of Arts. Included: pantheon artists such as Joshua Johnson, Robert S. Duncanson, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Augusta Savage, but mostly focused on work of the past 4 decades: Benny Andrews, Naomi Dickerson, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Hughie Lee-Smith, Charles McGee, Allie McGhee, Betye Saar, Lorna Simpson, Shirley Woodson, et al. DETROIT (MI). G.R. N'Namdi Gallery. Forms of Abstraction. September 27-November 17, 2007. Group exhibition. Included: McArthur Binion, Chakaia Booker, Frank Bowling, Nanette Carter, Ed Clark, Gregory Coates, Robert Colescott, Herbert Gentry, Richard Hunt, Richard Mayhew, Allie McGhee, Tyrone Mitchell, Vicente Pimentel, Howardena Pindell, Charles Searles. Exhib. card. DETROIT (MI). G.R. N'Namdi Gallery. Forms of Abstraction 111: Abstract works from the 60’s, 70’s & 80’s. 2002. Group exhibition. Included: Frank Bowling, Ed Clark, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Al Loving, Howardena Pindell, Jack Whitten. DOVER, CEDRIC. American Negro Art. New York: New York Graphic Society, 1960. 186 pp., over 300 illus., 8 color plates, bibliog. by Maureen Dover, index of artists and works, general index. Ground-breaking study, still extremely important for illustrations of work by artists not illustrated elsewhere, and many others mentioned as well. Includes (some with only brief mention): John Henry Adams, Jr., Alonzo Aden, William Artis, Henry Bannarn, Edward Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Robert Blackburn, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase, Irene Clark, Claude Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Charles C. Davis, Beauford Delaney, Richard Dempsey, Aaron Douglas, Robert Duncanson, Elton Fax, Meta Warrick Fuller, Rex Goreleigh, Eugene Grigsby, Jr., Phillip Hampton, Edwin A. Harleston, William M. Hayden, Vertis Hayes, G. W. Hobbs (now known to be white), Alvin Hollingsworth, Earl Hooks, Humbert Howard, Julien Hudson, Richard Hunt, May Howard Jackson, Wilmer Jennings, Malvin Gray Johnson, William H. Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Lois Mailou Jones, Jack Jordan, Joseph Kersey, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Edward Loper, Scipio Moorhead, Archibald Motley, Haywood Oubré, Marion Perkins, Harper Phillips, Horace Pippin, James Porter, Patrick Reason, John Rhoden, John Robinson, Walter Sanford, Augusta Savage, Charles Sebree, Carroll Simms, Merton Simpson, William Simpson, Henry O. Tanner, Alma Thomas, Dox Thrash, Eugene Warburg, James Wells, Charles White, Walter Williams, Stan Williamson, Ed Wilson, Edwin E. Wilson, Ellis Wilson, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff. [Reviews: Margaret Burroughs, Freedomways 1 (Spring 1961):107-110; Romare Bearden, Leonardo [Oxford, England] 3 (Apr. 1970):241-243; Numa J. Roussève, Interracial Review [St. Louis, MO] 34 (May 1961):140-141.] 8vo (25 cm.), cloth, d.j. First ed. DURHAM (NC). NCCU Art Museum, North Carolina Central University. The Robert E. Holmes Collection: Affirming a Legacy. February 6-March 27, 2005. Group exhibition of 40 works by Elizabeth Catlett, Charles White, Bob Thompson, Romare Bearden, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Ernie Barnes, Beauford Delaney, Dox Thrash, and others. (The exhibition also includes images of African Americans by white and Mexican artists Thomas Hart Benton, Larry Rivers, George W. Bellows, Dan McCleary and the Mexican muralists José Clemente Orozco and David Alfaro Siqueiros.) [Traveled to North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro, NC, October 8-December 13, 2004.] Ebony Editors. A New Pigment and a New Vision. 1991. In: Ebony 46, no. 10 (August 1991):78, 80- . Mentions: Tina Allen, Ernie Barnes, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Jeff Donaldson, Melvin Edwards, Joshua Johnson, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Geraldine McCullough, Archibald J. Motley, Horace Pippin, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Charles White. Images of Ringgold's "Church Picnic-Story Quilt," the Wall of Respect, Bearden's "Two of Them" (collage) and Ernie Barnes's "Sugar Shack." 4to, wraps. EBONY, DAVID. Richmond Barthé and Richard Hunt at the Anacostia Museum. 1993. In: Art in America (July 1993):109. Brief exhibition review. 4to, wraps. EDMUNDS, ALLAN L. and LOUISE D. STONE. Three Decades of American Printmaking: The Brandywine Workshop Collection. Manchester: Hudson Hills, 2004. 240 pp., 126 color plates, 21 b&w illus., bibliog., index. Texts by Halima Taha, Lois H. Johnson and Patricia Smith, Keith A. Morrison, and Claude Elliott. Among the artists who have had prints made at Brandywine are: Candida Alvarez, Emma Amos, Akili Ron Anderson, Benny Andrews, Roland Ayers, Belkis Ayon, Romare Bearden, Ron Bechet, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Terry Boddie, Berrisford Boothe, James Brantley, Moe Brooker, Marvin P. Brown, Samuel J. Brown, Weldon Butler, Selma Burke, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Kevin E. Cole, William Cordova, Adger Cowans, Alonzo Davis, Louis Delsarte, John E. Dowell, David Driskell, James Dupree, Walter Edmonds, Allen Edmunds, Melvin Edwards, Rodney Ewing, Agbo Folarin, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Simon Gouverneur, Leamon Green, Eugene Grigsby, Maren Hassinger, Barkley L. Hendricks, Leon Hicks, Vandorn Hinnant, Margo Humphrey, Curlee Raven Holton, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Wadsworth Jarrell, Paul F. Keene, Jr., Lois Mailou Jones, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Souleymane Keita, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Samella Lewis, Arturo Lindsay, Alvin Loving, Deryl Mackie, Jimmy Mance, Percy Martin, Valerie Maynard, Donna Meeks, Charles Mills, Ibrahim Miranda, Quentin Morris, Keith Morrison, Evangeline Montgomery, Quentin Morris, Abdouleye Ndoye, Floyd Newsum, Magdalene Odundo, Ademola Olugebefola, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Laurie Ourlicht, Joe Overstreet, William Pajaud, Howardena Pindell, James Phillips, Michael Platt, Eric Pryor, Leo Robinson, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Juan Sanchez, John T. Scott, Charles Searles, AJ Smith, Frank Smith, George Smith, Vincent Smith, Sylvia Snowden, Edgar Sorrells-Adewale, David Stephens, Hubert Taylor, Evelyn Terry, Phyllis Thompson, Kaylynn Sullivan Twotrees, Larry Walker, John Wade, Richard Watson, James Lesesne Wells, Stanley Whitney, Carl Joe Williams, Michael Kelly Williams, Pat Ward Williams, Gilberto Wilson, Clarence Wood, Shirley Woodson, and Barbara Chase-Riboud. [Also issued in a limited numbered edition of 396 copies, including three offset lithographs by Sam Gilliam, each signed and numbered in pencil, bound in red cloth, in matching cloth covered slipcase.] 4to (12.4 x 9.2 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed. ELAM, HARRY J., JR. and KENNELL JACKSON, eds. Black Cultural Traffic: Crossroads in Global Performance and Popular Culture. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2005. 416 pp., index. Texts on the global traffic in "blackness" by 26 contributors, including an international and interdisciplinary mix of scholars, critics, and practicing artists. 8vo (9 x 6.3 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed. ESTELL, KENNETH. African America: Portrait of a People. Detroit: Visible Ink, 1994. Section on Fine and Applied Arts pp. 593-655 mentions a sizeable number of artists (with many misspellings): Scipio Moorhead, Eugene Warburg, Bill Day [presumably Thomas Day], Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Henry Bannarn, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé (photo), Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Robert Blackburn, curator Horace Brockington, Elmer Brown, Eugene Brown, Kay Brown, Linda Bryant, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, E. Simms Campbell, Elizabeth Catlett, Cathy Chance, Dana Chandler, Gylbert Coker, Robert Colescott, Houston Conwill, Michael Cummings, Ernest Crichlow, Emilio Cruz, Roy DeCarava (with photo), Beauford Delaney, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, Robert Duncanson, William Edmondson, Elton Fax, (with photo), Meta Warrick Fuller, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, Philip Hampton, Florence Harding (as Harney), Palmer Hayden, James V. Herring, George Hulsinger, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Zell Ingram, Venola Jennings, Larry Johnson, Lester L. Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Ben Jones, Emeline King, Jacob Lawrence (with photo); Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Ionis Bracy Martin, Cheryl McClenny, Geraldine McCullough, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Jimmy Mosely, Juanita Moulon, Archibald Motley (with photo), Otto Neals, Senga Nengudi, Ademola Olugebefola, Hayward Oubré, John Outterbridge, Gordon Parks, Marion Perkins, Delilah Pierce, Howardena Pindell, Jerry Pinkney, Horace Pippin, James Porter, Florence Purviance, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Charles Sallee, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Charles Searles, Lorna Simpson, Willi Smith (with photo), William E. Smith, Edward Spriggs, F. [Doc] Spellmon, Nelson Stevens, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Jean Taylor, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Dox Thrash, James VanDerZee, Laura Waring, Faith Weaver, Edward T. P. Welburn, Charles White, Randy Williams, William T. Williams (with photo), John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Dolores Wright, Richard Yarde, and George Washington Carver. Also mentions fashion designers Stephen Burrows (photo), Gordon Henderson, Willi Smith. 4to, cloth. FAILING, PATRICIA. Black Artists Today: A Case of Exclusion. 1989. In: ARTnews 88, no. 3 (March 1989):124-31, illus. Mentions: Charles Abramson, Benny Andrews, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Frederick Brown, Beverly Buchanan, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Robert Colescott, Robert Dilworth, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, Maren Hassinger, Candace Hill, Richard Hunt, Oliver Jackson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Calvin Jones, Ken Jones, Lisa Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Joe Lewis, James Little, Al Loving, Geraldine McCullough, Senga Nengudi, Lorraine O'Grady, John Outterbridge, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Charles Ethan Porter, Leslie Price, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Joyce Scott, Lorna Simpson, Raymond Saunders, Kaylynn Sullivan Twotrees. 4to, wraps. FALK, PETER HASTINGS, ed. The Annual & Biennial Exhibition Record of the Whitney Museum of American Art 1918-1989. Madison, CT: Sound View Press,. Alphabetical listing by artist gives exhibition, work shown, artist's address. Includes exhibitions of the Whitney Studio Club, 1918-29; Whitney Studio Club Galleries, 1928-30; and Whitney Museum of American Art, 1932-89. Includes: Charles Alston; Richmond Barthé; Jean-Michel Basquiat; Romare Bearden, Lynn Bowers, Frank Bowling, Peter Bradley, Marvin Brown, Walter Cade III, Catti, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Edward Clark. Robert Colescott, Beauford Delaney, John E. Dowell Jr., Frederick Eversley, Allan Freelon, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Oliver Jackson, Daniel LaRue Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Alvin Loving, Richard Mayhew, Samuel M. Middleton Jr., Howardena Pindell;, Horace Pippin, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Thomas Sills, Charles White, Jack Whitten, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, Hale Woodruff. FAYETTEVILLE (NC). Walton Arts Center. Images of America, African American Voices: Selections from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Darrell Walker. January 9-March 27, 2004. 125 pp., 83 color plates, 1 b&w illus., plus color and b&w text photos, checklist of 64 works in all media, endnotes, bibliog. Text by Michael D. Harris. A very substantial collection. Artists include: Ron Adams, Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Radcliffe Bailey, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Frank Bowling, Calvin Burnett, Nanette Carter, William S. Carter, Ed Clark, Kevin Cole, Robert Colescott, Tarrance D. Corbin, Allan Rohan Crite, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Louis Delsarte, David Driskell, Edward J. Dwight, Michael Ellison, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, Luther Hampton, Margo Humphrey, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Lois Mailou Jones, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Henri Linton, Juan Logan, Juan Logan, Whitfield Lovell, Alvin D. Loving, Clarence Morgan, Reginald McGhee, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, James Phillips, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Ray Saunders, John T. Scott, Charles Searles, Charles Sebree, A. J. Smith, Cedric Smith, Frank E. Smith, John H. Smith, Bill Taylor, Mildred J. Thompson, Dudley Vaccianna, James Vanderzee, Larry Walker, Joyce Wellman, William T. Williams. [Traveled to Tubman African American Museum, Macon, GA, July 23-September 26, 2004; Diggs Gallery, Winston-Salem State University, Winston-Salem, NC, June 11-September 17, 2005; Aronoff Center for the Arts, Cincinnati, OH, September 15-November 11, 2006; and other venues.] Oblong 4to, pictorial wraps. First ed. FINE, ELSA HONIG. The Afro-American Artist: A Search for Identity. New York: Holt Rinehart and Winston, 1973. x, 310 pp., 342 b&w illus., 38 color plates, bibliography and notes, index. Survey of work from the colonial period through the 1970s. Approx. 100 artists represented. An important reference work with many women artists included: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Malcolm Bailey, Edward Bannister, Amiri Baraka, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Henry Bibb, Betty Blayton, Grafton Tyler Brown, Kay Brown, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Emilio Cruz, Thomas Day, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Robert M. Douglass, Jr., Robert S. Duncanson, Melvin Edwards, Frederick J. Eversley, Allan Freelon, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Henry Gudgell, David Hammons, Marvin Harden, William A. Harper, Palmer Hayden, Felrath Hines, Alvin C. Hollingsworth, Julien Hudson, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Walter C. Jackson, Daniel Larue Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Marie Johnson, Milton Derr (as Milton Johnson), Joshua Johnston, Ben Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Cliff Joseph, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, James Lewis, Norman Lewis, Tom Lloyd, Al Loving, Richard Mayhew, Donald McIlvaine, Scipio Moorhead, Norma Morgan, Archibald Motley, George Neal, Joe Overstreet, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Patrick Reason, Robert Reid, Gary Rickson, Faith Ringgold, Raymond Saunders, William E. Scott, Christopher Shelton, Thomas Sills, Merton Simpson, William H. Simpson, John H. Smith, Tony Smith, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Lovett Thompson, Neptune Thurston, Ulysses Vidal, Bill Walker, Eugene Warburg, Charles White, William T. Williams, A. B. Wilson, Hale Woodruff. [Excellent quality reprint in sturdy cloth binding with all original color plates was issued by Hacker, NY, 1982.] Small, 4to, black cloth with silver lettering, d.j. First ed. FINN, DAVID, et al. 20th Century American Sculpture in the White House Garden. New York: Abrams, 2000. 144 pp., 107 illus. (103 in color.). Photography by David Finn, Foreword by Hillary Rodham Clinton; text by Betty C. Monkman. A record of the eight exhibitions in the Jacqueline Kennedy Garden of the White House, each selected by a museum in a different region of the country. African American artists included: Chakaia Booker, Elizabeth Catlett, Melvin Edwards, Richard Hunt, Martin Puryear. Large 4to, blue textured boards, d.j. First ed. FORT WAYNE (IN). Fort Wayne Museum of Art. 2000 Biennial. 2000. 67 pp., 16 color plates, checklist of 124 works, biog., exhibs., bibliog., colls. for each artist. Curated by Robert F. Schroeder; text by James Yood. 14 artists including two African American artists: Richard Hunt, Mr. Imagination. 4to, wraps. First ed. GATES, HENRY LOUIS and EVELYN BROOKS HIGGINBOTHAM, eds. African American National Biography. 2009. Originally published in 8 volumes, the set has grown to 12 vollumes with the addition of 1000 new entries. Also available as online database of biographies, accessible only to paid subscribers (well-endowed institutions and research libraries.) As per update of February 2, 2009, the following artists were included in the 8-volume set, plus addenda. A very poor showing for such an important reference work. Hopefully there are many more artists in the new entries: Jesse Aaron, Julien Abele (architect), John H. Adams, Jr., Ron Adams, Salimah Ali, James Latimer Allen, Charles H. Alston, Amalia Amaki, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, William E. Artis, Herman "Kofi" Bailey, Walter T. Bailey (architect), James Presley Ball, Edward M. Bannister, Anthony Barboza, Ernie Barnes, Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Cornelius Marion Battey, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Arthur Bedou, Mary A. Bell, Cuesta Ray Benberry, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Howard Bingham, Alpha Blackburn, Robert H. Blackburn, Walter Scott Blackburn, Melvin R. Bolden, David Bustill Bowser, Wallace Branch, Barbara Brandon, Grafton Tyler Brown, Richard Lonsdale Brown, Barbara Bullock, Selma Hortense Burke, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Taylor Goss Burroughs, John Bush, Elmer Simms Campbell, Elizabeth Catlett, David C. Chandler, Jr., Raven Chanticleer, Ed Clark, Allen Eugene Cole, Robert H. Colescott, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest T. Crichlow, Michael Cummings, Dave the Potter [David Drake], Griffith J. Davis, Thomas Day, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Thornton Dial, Sr., Joseph Eldridge Dodd, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Sam Doyle, David Clyde Driskell, Robert S. Duncanson, Ed Dwight (listed as military, not as artist); Mel Edwards, Minnie Jones Evans, William McNight Farrow, Elton Fax, Daniel Freeman, Meta Warrick Fuller, Reginald Gammon, King Daniel Ganaway, the Goodridge Brothers, Rex Goreleigh, Tyree Guyton, James Hampton, Della Brown Taylor (Hardman), Edwin Augustus Harleston, Charles "Teenie" Harris, Lyle Ashton Harris, Bessie Harvey, Isaac Scott Hathaway, Palmer Hayden, Nestor Hernandez, George Joseph Herriman, Varnette Honeywood, Walter Hood, Richard L. Hunster, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Bill Hutson, Joshua Johnson, Sargent Claude Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Ann Keesee, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Lewis, Glenn Ligon, Jules Lion, Edward Love, Estella Conwill Majozo, Ellen Littlejohn, Kerry James Marshall, Lynn Marshall-Linnemeier, Richard Mayhew, Carolyn Mazloomi, Aaron Vincent McGruder, Robert H. McNeill, Scipio Moorhead, Archibald H. Motley, Jr., Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe, Mr. Imagination (Gregory Warmack), Lorraine O'Grady, Jackie Ormes, Joe Overstreet, Carl Owens, Gordon Parks, Sr., Gordon Parks, Jr., C. Edgar Patience, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Margaret Smith Piper, Rose Piper, Horace Pippin, William Sidney Pittman, Stephanie Pogue, Prentiss Herman Polk (as Prentice), James Amos Porter, Harriet Powers, Elizabeth Prophet, Martin Puryear, Patrick Henry Reason, Michael Richards, Arthur Rose, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, Joyce J. Scott, Addison Scurlock, George Scurlock, Willie Brown Seals, Charles Sebree, Joe Selby, Lorna Simpson, Norma Merrick Sklarek, Clarissa Sligh, Albert Alexander Smith, Damballah Smith, Marvin and Morgan Smith, Maurice B. Sorrell, Simon Sparrow, Rozzell Sykes, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, J.J. Thomas, Robert Louis (Bob) Thompson, Mildred Jean Thompson, Dox Thrash, William Tolliver, Bill Traylor, Leo F. Twiggs, James Augustus Joseph Vanderzee, Kara Walker, William Onikwa Wallace, Laura Wheeler Waring, Augustus Washington, James W. Washington, Jr., Carrie Mae Weems, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, John H. White, Jack Whitten, Carla Williams, Daniel S. Williams, Paul Revere Williams (architect), Deborah Willis, Ed Wilson, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, John Woodrow Wilson, Ernest C. Withers, Beulah Ecton Woodard, Hale Aspacio Woodruff. GOODRICH, LLOYD and JOHN I. H. BAUR. American Art of Our Century. New York: Praeger, 1961. Catalogue of the Whitney Museum of American Art collection. Includes: Richmond Barthé, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Horace Pippin, Elizabeth Prophet, Charles White, and Walter Williams. 8vo. GREENE, CARROL, JR. Afro-American Artists: Yesterday and Now. 1968. In: The Humble Way (Houston) (Fall 1968):10-15. GRIGSBY, J. EUGENE. Art and Ethnics: Background for Teaching Youth in a Pluralistic Society. Dubuque (IA): Wm. C. Brown Company, 1977. 147 pp., illus. Includes: Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, William Artis, Malcolm Bailey, Mike Bannarn, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Bob Blackburn, Betty Blayton, Selma Burke, George Washington Carver, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Dan R. Concholar, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Dale Brockman Davis, Beauford Delaney, James T. Diggs, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Robert S. Duncanson, William M. Farrow, Perry Ferguson, Elton Fax, Doyle Foreman, Meta Vaux Fuller, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Joseph W. Gilliard, Manuel Gomez, Rex Goreleigh, Ethel Guest, Edwin A Harleston, Palmer Hayden, Esther P. Hill, Felrath Hines, Alvin C. Hollingsworth, Richard, Hunt, Bob Jefferson, Joshua Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Cliff Joseph, Edward Judie, Jacob Lawrence, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Tom Lloyd, Hughie Lee-Smith, William Majors, Richard Mayhew, Earl B. Miller, E.J. Montgomery, Scipio Moorhead, Archibald J. Motley, Robert L. Neal, John Outterbridge, Joe Overstreet, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Patrick Reason, Gary Rickson, Augusta Savage, Merton D. Simpson, Albert A. Smith, Vincent D. Smith, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Neptune Thurston, Ruth Waddy, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Rip Woods, Hartwell Yeargans. HAMPTON (VA). Hampton University. The International Review of African American Art Vol. 7, no. 2: Art in Public Places. 1986. Articles in this issue include: "George Smith" by Samella Lewis; "Richard Hunt" (by Samella Lewis; "Elizabeth Catlett" by Mary Jane Hewitt; "Mel Edwards" by Watson Hines; "Masayuki Oda" by Robert Biddle; "Maren Hassinger" by Watson Hines. Artists: Maren Hassinger, George Smith, Richard Hunt, Elizabeth Catlett, Mel Edwards, plus documentary photography. 4to, wraps. HAMPTON (VA). Hampton University. The International Review of African American Art Vol. 7, no. 4 (1987). 1987. 64 pp., 45 illus. (18 in color). Articles include: "James Phillips" by A. B. Spellman; "The Dreaming People" by Donna Lauren Gold; "Nola Hatterman: In Celebration of a People" by Dolores Yonker; "Brandywine's Conception of Offset Lithography" by Bernard Young; "Lamidi Fakeye" by Victoria Scott; "Edna Manley: A Legend In Her Own Time" by Mae Tate; Open Letter to Potential Art Investors. Artists include: James Phillips, Robin Ravales, Nola Hatterman, Richard Hunt, Benny Andrews, Willie Birch, Moe Brooker, Percy Martin, David Driskell, Frank Smith, James Dupree, Lamidi Fakeye, Edna Manley, Richmond Barthé, Elizabeth Catlett, Omowale Stewart, Babalu. 4to, wraps. HAMPTON (VA). Hampton University Museum. Selections from the Collection of Dr. Norrece T. Jones, Jr. October 20-December 8, 1994. Group exhibition. Included: Richard Hunt, Al Loving, William T. Williams. HARLEY, RALPH L., JR. Checklist of Afro-American Art and Artists. Kent State University Libraries, 1970. In: Serif 7 (December 1970):3-63. What could have been the solid foundation of future scholarship is unfortunately marred by errors of all kinds and the inclusion of numerous white artists. All Black artists are cross-referenced. HARPER, MICHAEL S. and ROBERT B. STEPTOE. Chant of Saints. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1979. xviii, 486 (4) pp., illus., index. Foreword by John Hope Franklin. Anthology of black literature, art and scholarship. Visual artists included: illus. of paintings by Richard Yarde, sculpture by Richard Hunt; Calvin Tomkins on Romare Bearden's Odysseus collages (6 color plates); Ellison's famous essay on Bearden; an essay by Robert F. Thompson on Siras Bowens; photographs by Lawrence Sykes. Stout 8vo, wraps. HARTFORD (CT). Amistad Foundation, Wadsworth Atheneum. Contemporary Memories: Selections from the Collection of The Amistad Center for Art & Culture. October 28, 2012-April 21, 2013. Group exhibition. Curated by Alona C. Wilson. Included: Benny Andrews, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Sheila Pree Bright, Kesha Bruce, Willie Cole, Jeff Donaldson, Emory Douglas, David Driskell, Herbert Gentry, Richard Hunt, Louise E. Jefferson, Jacob Lawrence, Charly Palmer, Addison Scurlock, Hank Willis Thomas, James Vanderzee, Carrie Mae Weems, Deborah Willis, Hale Woodruff, Richard Yarde, and others. HILDEBRANDT, LORRAINE and RICHARD S. AIKEN, eds. A Bibliography of Afro-American Print and Non-Print Resources in Libraries of Pierce County, Washington. Tacoma Community College Library, 1969. Artists include: Charles Alston, William Artis, Henry Avery, Henry Bannarn, Edward Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Carter Bazile, Romare Bearden, Rigaud Bénoit, Charles Bible, John Biggers, Wilson Bigaud, Eloise Bishop, Robert Blackburn, Ramos Blanco (Uruguayan), James Bland, Leslie Bolling, Seymour Bottex, Elmer Brown, Fred Brown, Samuel Brown, Selma Burke, Calvin Burnett, E. Simms Campbell, William Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase, Ernest Crichlow, Claude Clark, William Arthur Cooper, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Crite, Harvey Cropper, Charles Dawson, Joseph Delaney, Richard Dempsey, Lillian A. Dorsey, Aaron Douglas, Glanton Dowdell, Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, William Farrow, Elton Fax, Fred Flemister, Allan Freelon, Meta Fuller, Rex Goreleigh [as Gorleigh], Bernard Goss, Eugene Grigsby, John Hardrick, Edwin Harleston, William Harper, Isaac Hathaway, Palmer Hayden, William Hayden, Vertis Hayes, Geoffrey Holder, Al Hollingsworth, Humbert Howard, Richard Hunt, May Jackson, Daniel Larue Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent C. Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Henry B. Jones, Lois Jones, Ronald Joseph, Paul Keene, Joseph Kersey, Oliver LaGrone, Jacob Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Edward Loper, John C. Lutz, Geraldine McCullough, Charles McGee, Lloyd McNeil, William Majors, Sam Middleton, Ronald C. Moody, Scipio Moorhead, Norma Morgan, Archibald Motley, Robert L. Neal, Hayward L. Oubré, Joe Overstreet, Pastor Argudin y Pedroso [as Argudin (Pastor) Pedrosa], Marion Perkins, Harper Phillips, Delilah Pierce, Horace Pippin, Robert Pious, James Porter, Elizabeth Prophet, Florence Purviance, John Robinson, Leo Robinson, Augusta Savage, William Edouard Scott, Georgette Seabrooke, Charles Sebree, Merton Simpson, William H. Simpson, Albert Alexander Smith, Marvin Smith, Thelma Johnson Streat, Henry O. Tanner, Bob Thompson, Dox Thrash [as Thrasher], Laura Waring, James Washington, James Wells [see also Lesesne Wells], Charles White, Jack Whitten, Walter Williams, Ellis Wilson, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff. HOLLYWOOD (CA). AIMS Instructional Media Services, Inc. Black Dimensions in American Art (Film). Los Angeles: Carnation Company, 1971. Documentary film produced in conjunction with the exhibition of the same name. Nearly 50 artists included: John T. Biggers, Lois Mailou Jones, Ademola Olugebefola, Arthur Carraway, Dan Concholar, Delilah Pierce, Royce H. Vaughn, Gregory Ridley Jr., James Watkins, Charles White, Aaron Douglas, John Outterbridge, Arthur Rose, David Hammons, Charles Alexander Young, Jimmie Mosely, Jack Jordan, Mary Reed Daniel, James Parks, Calvin Bailey, Calvin Burnett, Garrett Whyte, Henri Linton, Vincent D. Smith, John Riddle, William Pajaud, Barbara Jones [Jones-Hogu], Arthur Britt, Nancy Rowland, Jewell Simon, Juette Johnson Day, Lemuel M. Joyner, Richard Hunt, Eugenia Dunn, Alonzo Davis, Marion Epting, Marion Sampler, Wilbur Haynie [as Haney], Bernie Casey, Leo Twiggs, Phillip Hampton, John Wilson, Alma Thomas, Russell Gordon, David Driskell, Lucille Roberts [Malkia Roberts]. 16mm. film (one reel). sd. approx. 11 min. HOLMES, OAKLEY N., JR. The Complete Annotated Resource Guide to Black American art: Books, doctoral dissertations, exhibition catalogs, periodicals, films, slides, large prints, speakers, filmstrips, video tapes, Black museums, art galleries, and much more. Spring Valley, NY: Black Artists in America, 1978. iii, 275 pp. A bibliographical reference superceded by Igoe who incorporated all of this information. AAVAD has not yet consulted or copied this information into the database, except where the reference appeared through other sources. Note: numerous misspellings of artists' names. 8vo (23 cm.), glossy printed wraps; text mimeographed. First ed. HOUSTON (TX). De Luxe. The Deluxe Show. August 22-September 29, 1971. 74 pp., 23 full-page color plates including 4 full-page installation views of the exhibition, 4 b&w text photos of artists and curators, checklist of 30 works. Intro. by Steve Cannon; text by Jefferee James; interviews with Clement Greenberg and Peter Bradley. One of the first racially integrated exhibitions of contemporary art in the U.S., displayed in the remodeled De Luxe movie theater in the Fifth Ward, Houston, one of Houston's economically disadvantaged neighborhoods. Sponsored by the De Menil Foundation. Included thirty abstract works by nineteen contemporary artists, the leading color field painters and abstract sculptors. African American artists include: Peter Bradley, Sam Gilliam. Al Loving, Richard Hunt, Virginia Jaramillo, Ed Clark, and William T. Williams. Oblong 4to, wraps. First ed. ITHACA (NY). Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University. Directions in Afro-American Art. September 18-October 27, 1974. Unpag. (81 pp.), checklist of 126 works by 38 artists, most represented by 2 b&w illus. plus photo of artist, biog., exhibs., colls. and artists' statements, bibliog. Text by Rosalind Jeffries. Important early survey. Co-sponsored by the Africana Studies and Research Center, Cornell University. Artists include: Ralph Arnold, Betty Blayton, Ellen Bond, Jacqueline Bontemps, Leroy Clarke, Melvin Davis, David Driskell, Edward Grady, Sam Gilliam, Earl Hooks, Richard Hunt, Wadsworth Jarrell, Florian Jenkins, Nina Lovelace, Sam Middleton, Keith Morrison, Bertrand D. Phillips, Anderson Pigatt, Stephanie Pogue, Martin Puryear, Charles Searles, Robert Shields, Thomas Sills, Alfred J. Smith, Alma Thomas, Jack White (painter), William T. Williams. 4to (31 cm.), wraps. Errata sheet laid in. Ed. of 3000. Ivoryton (CT). ART Gallery Magazine. The ART Gallery Magazine [Vol. 13, no. 7, April 1970]. 1970. Special Afro-American issue, 2nd Double number. A16, 104 pp., b&w and color illus. Contains interviews with and statements by: John T. Biggers, Bernie Casey, Alvin Hollingsworth, Alma Thomas, Thomas Sills, Also included: Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Ralph M. Arnold, William E. Artis, Malcolm Bailey, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, John T. Biggers, Betty Blayton, Selma Burke, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Emilio Cruz, Avel DeKnight, Aaron Douglas, John E. Dowell, Robert S. Duncanson, Eugene Eda, William Edmondson, Minnie Evans, James Gadson, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, James Herring, Felrath Hines, Richard Hunt, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Paul Keene, Jacob Lawrence, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Tom Lloyd, William Majors, Richard Mayhew, Archibald J. Motley, Donald McIlvaine, Lloyd McNeill, Jr., Ademola Olugebefola, Joe Overstreet, Horace Pippin, Patrick Henry Reason, John W. Rhoden, Thomas A. Sills, William H. Simpson, Alvin Smith, John Stevens, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Russell Thompson, Eugene Warburg, Charles White, Ellis Wilson, John W. Wilson, Hale A. Woodruff, and many more. 8vo (24 cm.; 9 x 6 in.), wraps. Ivoryton (CT). ART Gallery Magazine. The ART Gallery Magazine: Afro-American issue (Vol. 11, no. 7, April 1968). 1968. Special Afro-American issue. Approx. 100 pp., b&w and color illus. Includes: Alonzo J. Aden, Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Eric Anderson, Benny Andrews, William E. Artis, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Sheman Beck, Ed Bereal, John T. Biggers, Betty Blayton, Sylvester Britton, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, William S. Carter, Bernie Casey, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Edward Christmas, Claude Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Emilio Cruz, Mary Reed Daniel, Charles C. Dawson, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Avel DeKnight, Richard Dempsey, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, David C. Driskell, Robert S. Duncanson, Eugene Eda, William Edmondson, Melvin Edwards, John Farrar, Frederick C. Flemister, Meta Warrick Fuller, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Robert Glover, Russell T. Gordon, Bernard Goss, Phillip Hampton, Marvin Harden, Romaine Harris, Eugene Hawkins, Palmer Hayden, Wilbur Haynie, Reginald Helm, James Herring, Leon Hicks, Vivian Hieber (?), Felrath Hines, Alvin Hollingsworth, Humbert Howard, Richard Hunt, A.B. Jackson, Hiram E. Jackson, Daniel LaRue Johnson, Joshua Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Frederic Jones (presumably Frederick D. Jones, Jr.), Lois Mailou Jones, Robert Edmond Jones, Jack Jordan, Sr., Louis Joseph Jordan, Ronald Joseph (as Joseph Ronald), Paul Keene, Joseph Kersey, Herman King, Sidney Kumalo, Jacob Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Clifford Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, James Edward Lewis, Jr., Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Tom Lloyd, Alvin Loving, William Majors, Howard Mallory, Jr., David Mann, Richard Mayhew, Anna McCullough, Geraldine McCullough, Charles W. McGee, Lloyd McNeill, Jr., Earl Miller, Norma Morgan, Jimmie Mosely, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Texeira Nash, Frank W. Neal, George E. Neal, Hayward L. Oubre, Jr., James D. Parks, Marion Perkins, Robert S. Pious, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Judson Powell, Ramon Price, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Noah Purifoy, Mavis Pusey, Robert D. Reid, John W. Rhoden, Haywood "Bill" Rivers, Henry C. Rollins, Mahler Ryder, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Jewel Simon, Merton D. Simpson, Van Slater, Carroll Sockwell, John Stevens, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Ralph M. Tate, Lawrence Taylor, John Torres, Jr., Alfred J. Tyler, Ruth G. Waddy, William Walker, Eugene Warburg, Howard N. Watson, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Jack H. White, Jack Whitten, Garrett Whyte, Sam William, Douglas R. Williams, Jose Williams, Todd Williams, Walter H. Williams, Stan Williamson, Ed Wilson, Ellis Wilson, John W. Wilson, Roger Wilson, Hale A. Woodruff, James E. Woods, Roosevelt (Rip) Woods, Charles Yates, Hartwell Yeargans, et al. 8vo (24 cm.; 9 x 6 in.), wraps. JAMES, CURTIA. Richmond Barthé, Richard Hunt. 1994. In: ARTnews (March 1994): 146-147, Exhibition review. JEGEDE, DELE. Encyclopedia of African American Artists (Artists of the American Mosaic). Westport (CT): Greenwood, 2009. 280 pp., b&w illus. and 8 pp. color plates, brief bibliogs. after biographical entries, short general bibliog., index. 66 artists included, some with full entries, some additional artists named in passing. Not remotely encyclopedic. Includes: Charles Alston, Olu Amoda, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, George Andrews, Herman Kofi Bailey, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, John T. Biggers, Elmer Simms Campbell, George Washington Carver, Elizabeth Catlett, Sonya Clark, Robert Colescott, Larry Collins, Ed Colston, Achamyele Debela, Roy DeCarava, Gebre Desta, Buddie Jake Dial, Thornton Dial, Sr., Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, Melvin Edwards, Victor Ekpuk, Ben Enwonwu, Tolulope Filani, Sam Gilliam, Palmer Hayden, Alvin C. Hollingsworth, Charnelle Holloway, George Hughes, Richard Hunt, Wadsworth Jarrell, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnson, Lois Mailiou Jones, Ronald Joseph, Byron Kim, Wosene Worke Kosrof, Jacob Lawrence, Edmonia Lewis, Cynthia Lockhart, Frank (Toby) Martin, Richard, Mayhew, Carolyn Mazloomi, Julie Mehretu, Archibald Motley, Wangechi Mutu, Barbara Nesin, Odili Donald Odita, Christopher Okigbo, Bruce Onobrakpeya, Kolade Oshinowo, Gordon Parks, Thomas Phelps, Horace Pippin, Willi Posey (under Jones), Ellen Jean Price, Martin Puryear, Femi Richards, Faith Ringgold, Aminah Brenda Lynn Robinson, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, John T. Scott, Gerard Sekoto, Thomas Shaw, Lorna Simpson, Edgar Sorrells-Adewale, SPIRAL, Renée Stout, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Fatimah Tuggar, Obiora Udechukwu, James Vanderzee, Ouattara Watts, Carrie Mae Weems, Charles White, William T. Williams, Hale Woodruff. 4to (10.1 x 7.2 in.), boards. KALAMAZOO (MI). Kalamazoo Institute of the Arts. Energy and Inspiration: African-American Art from the Permanent Collection. January 14-April 9, 2008. Group exhibition. Included: Ron Adams, Romare Bearden, Robert G. Carter, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Earlie Hudnall Jr., Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Richard Mayhew, Kara Walker, Ernest C. Withers. KINGSLEY, APRIL. Afro-American Abstraction. Art Museum Organization Traveling Exhibition, 1982. Unpag. (40 pp.) exhib. cat., 22 illus., mostly full-page, 4 in color, checklist of 31 works by 19 artists, biog. and text on each artist. Curated by April Kingsley. Includes: Ellsworth Ausby, Ed Clark, Houston Conwill, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Maren Hassinger, Richard Hunt, Jamillah Jennings, James Little, Al Loving, Tyrone Mitchell, Senga Nengudi, Howardena Pindell, Martin Puryear, Charles Searles, George H. Smith, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams. [Exhibited at P.S. 1 in 1980; then traveled to San Francisco; Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery, Barnsdall Park, Los Angeles; Oakland; Brooks Memorial Art Gallery; and other locations.] Performance piece "Flying" created in conjunction with the opening at the Barnsdall -- a collaboration by Senga Nengudi, Maren Hassinger, Ulysses Jenkins and Franklin Parker. 4to, stapled wraps. First ed. KINGSLEY, APRIL. Black Artists: Up Against the Wall. 1978. In: The Village Voice, September 11, 1978:113, b&w illus. Full page article on the decreasing opportunities for black artists to exhibit in New York compared to the spate of exhibitions in 1969-72. Kingsley notes: "Currently there are fewer than half a dozen blacks spread among the dozen current "best" galleries (Leo Castelli, John Weber, Sidney Janis, Andre Emmerich, Paula Cooper, Sonnabend, Nancy Hoffmann, O.K. Harris, Fischbach, Marlborough, Pace, and Max Hutchinson.)" Mentions Melvin Edwards's powerful show at the Studio Museum, Ellsworth Ausby's new abstract paintings, William T. Williams's and Ed Clark's latest paintings, and the even fewer opportunities available to black women artists (with Howardena Pindell leading the list.) [Others mentioned in passing: Frank Bowling, Donna Byars, Houston Conwill, John Dowell, Wendy Ward Ehlers, Frederick Eversley, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, Manuel Hughes, Richard Hunt, Daniel Larue Johnson, James Little, Alvin D. Loving, Richard Mayhew, Senga Nengudi, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Jack Whitten, and Randy Williams. KINNON, JOY BENNETT. 60 Years of Blacks in the Arts. 2005. In: Ebony 61, no. 1 (November, 2005):140+; small thumbnail images of work by Elizabeth Catlett, Jacob Lawrence, Moneta Sleet, Jr., Charles White. Mentions Margaret Burroughs, Romare Bearden, Richard Hunt, Geraldine McCullough, and Gordon Parks. 4to, wraps. KUH, KATHERINE. The Art Collection of the First National Bank of Chicago. Chicago: R.R. Donnelly & Sons, 1974. 274 pp., b&w and 23 color illus. Intro. by Gaylord Freeman. Includes: Richard Hunt. Sq. 8vo, wraps. First ed. LAKE FOREST (IL). Community Gallery of Art, College of Lake County. The Dr. Robert H. Derden Collection: A Black Collector's Odyssey in Contemporary Art. January 12-February 25, 1990. Unpag. (9) pp. exhibition catalogue, illus., checklist of 47 works by 39 artists, addendum list of 52 artists in Derden's collection. Intro. by Clarence D. White; text by Victoria Lautman. African American artists in the exhibition include: Muneer Bahauddeen, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Garry Bibbs, Jennifer Blair, Beverly Buchanan, Margaret Burroughs, John Dowell, El Loko, Sam Gilliam, Robert Glover, Richard Hunt, Marva Lee Jolly, Hughie Lee-Smith, Alex McMath, Howardena Pindell, Madeline Rabb, Alison Saar, Simon Sparrow, Freddie Styles, Anna Tyler, Al Tyler, Clarence D. White, Maurice Wilson. [http://gallery.clcillinois.edu/pdf/derden.pdf] 4to, wraps. LEEDS (UK). Leeds City Art Gallery. American Prints 1913-1963. July 16-August 22, 1976. 36 pp. exhib. cat., 36 b&w illus., checklist of 112 works. Traveling exhibition from the collection of the Museum of Modern Art. Curated by Riva Castleman. Included: Richard Hunt. Sq. 8vo, wraps. LEWIS, SAMELLA. African American Art & Artists. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990. 302 pp., 204 illus., many in color, substantial bibliog. A history of African American art from the seventeenth-century to the '90s. Revised and updated from Lewis's original publication Art: African American (1978). [See also entry on expanded edition, 2003]. Foreword by Floyd Coleman. Artists include: the slaves of Thomas Fleet, Boston,.Scipio Moorhead, Neptune Thurston, G.W.Hobbs (white artist), Joshua Johnston, Julien Hudson, Robert M. Douglass, Jr., Patrick Henry Reason, David Bustill Bowser, William Simpson, Robert S. Duncanson, Eugene Warburg, Edward Mitchell Bannister, Grafton Tyler Brown, Nelson A. Primus, Charles Ethan Porter, (Mary) Edmonia Lewis, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Meta Vaux Warrick (Fuller), William Edouard Scott, Laura Wheeler Waring, Aaron Douglas, Hale Woodruff, Palmer Hayden, Archibald Motley, Jr., Malvin Gray Johnson, Ellis Wilson, Sargent Claude Johnson, Augusta Savage, Richmond Barthé, William H. Johnson, James Lesesne Wells, Beauford Delaney, Selma Burke, Lois Mailou Jones, Alma Thomas, James A. Porter, William E. Artis, William Edmondson, Horace Pippin, Clementine Hunter, David Butler, Charles Alston, Norman Lewis, Romare Bearden, Hughie Lee-Smith, Eldzier Cortor, Jacob Lawrence, Charles White, Elizabeth Catlett, John Wilson, John Biggers, Ademola Olugebefola, Herman Kofi Bailey, Raymond Saunders, Lucille Malkia Roberts, David Driskell, Floyd Coleman, Paul Keene, Arthur Carraway, Mikelle Fletcher, Varnette Honeywood, Phoebe Beasley, Benny Andrews, Reginald Gammon, Faith Ringgold, Cliff Joseph, David Bradford, Bertrand Phillips, Manuel Hughes, Phillip Lindsay Mason, Dana Chandler, Malaika Favorite, Bob Thompson, Emilio Cruz, Leslie Price, Irene Clark, Al Hollingsworth, William Pajaud, Richard Mayhew, Bernie Casey, Floyd Newsum, Frank Williams, Louis Delsarte, William Henderson, Daniel LaRue Johnson, Joe Overstreet, Adrienne W. Hoard, Sam Gilliam, Mahler Ryder, Oliver Jackson, Eugene Coles, Vincent Smith, Calvin Jones, Pheoris West, Noah Purifoy, Ed Bereal, Betye Saar, Ron Griffin, John Outterbridge, Marie Johnson, Ibibio Fundi, John Stevens, Juan Logan, John Riddle, Richard Hunt, Mel Edwards, Allie Anderson, Ed Love, Plla Mills, Doyle Foreman, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Artis Lane, John Scott, William Anderson, Martin Puryear, Thomas Miller, Fred Eversley, Larry Urbina, Ben Hazard, Sargent Johnson, Doyle Lane, Willis (Bing) Davis, Curtis Tucker, Yvonne Tucker, Bill Maxwell, Camille Billops, James Tatum, Douglas Phillips, Art Smith, Bob Jefferson, Evangeline Montgomery, Manuel Gomez, Joanna Lee, Allen Fannin, Leo Twiggs, James Tanner, Therman Statom, Marion Sampler, Arthur Monroe, James Lawrence, Marvin Harden, Raymond Lark, Murray DePillars, Donald Coles, Joseph Geran, Ron Adams, Kenneth Falana, Ruth Waddy, Van Slater, Joyce Wellman, William E. Smith, Leon Hicks, Marion Epting, Russell Gordon, Stephanie Pogue, Devoice Berry, Margo Humphrey, Howard Smith, Jeff Donaldson, Lev Mills, Carol Ward, David Hammons, Michael Kelly Williams, Laurie Ourlicht, Gary Bibbs, Houston Conwill, Mildred Howard, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Alison Saar, Lorenzo Pace. 4to (28 cm.), wraps. 2nd edition (Revised). Reprinted 1994. LEWIS, SAMELLA. Art: African American. Los Angeles: Hancraft, 1990. x (ii), 298 pp., 294 illus. (104 in color), bibliog. Excellent survey of African American art as of the mid-70s, with a discriminating selection of plates. Unfortunately very poor quality reproductions. [All 169 artists are cross-referenced, although not separately listed here.) 4to, wraps. Second revised ed. 1990 LEWISBURG (PA). Center Gallery, Bucknell University. Since the Harlem Renaissance: 50 Years of Afro-American Art. April 13-June 6, 1984. 124 pp. exhib. cat., 96 illus. (19 in color), exhib. checklist of 133 works by 77 artists, bibliog. Text includes interviews with 12 of the artists: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, David Driskell, Sam Gilliam, Lois Mailou Jones, James Little, Al Loving, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, Frank E. Smith, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams. Intro. mentions the following artist interviews which were not used but which are on deposit with the Hatch-Billops Collection: Jeff Donaldson, Mel Edwards, Bill Hutson, Richard Mayhew, Joe Overstreet. Excellent survey with many dozens of additional artists mentioned in passing. [Traveled to: SUNY, Old Westbury, November 1-December 9; Munson-Williams- Proctor Institute, Utica , NY, January 11-March 3, 1985; University of Maryland, College Park, MD, March 27-May 3; Museum of Art, Pennsylvania State University, July 19-September 1, 1985; The Chrysler Museum, Norfolk, VA, September 22-November 1, 1985.] 4to (31 cm.; 12 x 9 in.), wraps. First ed. LIBERTYVILLE (IL). David Adler Cultural Center. Michael Coyden, Richard Hunt. 1982. Two-person exhibition. [Review: Garrett Holg, New Art Examiner 9 (June 1982). LINCOLN (NE). Sheldon Museum of Art, University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Fifty Gifts for Fifty Years. Thru September 15, 2013. Group exhibition of new acquisitions. Included: Elizabeth Catlett and Richard Hunt. LOGAN, FERN, MARGARET R. VENDRYES and DEBORAH WILLIS. The Artist Portrait Series: Images of Contemporary African American Artists. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2001. xviii, 122 pp., 61 b&w illus., index. Foreword by Margaret Rose Vendryes; intro. by Deborah Willis. Portrait images by photographer Fern Logan. Subjects include: Candida Alvarez, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Ellsworth Ausby, Romare Bearden, Dawoud Bey Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Vivian Browne, Selma Burke, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Adger Cowans, Ernest Crichlow, Roy DeCarava, Louis Delsarte, Joseph Delaney, Melvin Edwards, Herbert Gentry, Rosa Guy, Manuel Hughes, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Lois Mailou Jones, Gwendolyn Knight (as Gwendolyn Lawrence), Jacob Lawrence, Samella Lewis, James Little, Al Loving, Fern Logan, Andrew Lyght, Richard Mayhew, Arthur Mitchell, Tyrone Mitchell, Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe, Gordon Parks, Howardena Pindell, John Pinderhughes, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Coreen Simpson, Merton Simpson, Charles Smalls, Vincent Smith, Frank Stewart, Raymond Bo Walker, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams, Mel Wright, and others. 4to (27 cm.; 10 x 8 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed. LONG ISLAND CITY (NY). P.S. 1 Contemporary Art Center. Afro-American Abstraction: An Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture by Nineteen Black American Artists [Alternate title of show: Black Artists: Abstractions]. February 17-April 6, 1980. Group exhibition by 19 artists. Included: Howardena Pindell, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams, et al. This exhibition seems to be the same show that subsequently traveled to numerous venues 2 years later, see catalogue published by April Kingsley in 1982. LONG, RICHARD, et al. African American Works on Paper from the Cochran Collection. Lagrange, 1991. 74 pp., 47 full-page illus. (6 in color), biogs. of 64 artists in this substantial collection. Intro. by Richard Long; texts by Judith Wilson, Camille Billops, Robert Blackburn. Includes 66 major 20th-century artists (including 16 women artists and a few less well-known artists): Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Trena Banks, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Moe Brooker, Vivian Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, John Dowell, Allan Edmunds, Melvin Edwards, Elton Fax, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, Maren Hassinger, Manuel Hughes, Richard Hunt, Wilmer Jennings, Lois Mailou Jones, Mohammad Khalil, Ronald Joseph, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, James Little, Whitfield Lovell, Al Loving, Richard Mayhew, Norma Morgan, Frank Neal, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Joe Overstreet, Howardena Pindell, Stephanie Pogue, Richard Powell, Mavis Pusey, Faith Ringgold, Aminah Robinson, Betye Saar, Al Smith, Walter Agustus Simon, Morgan Smith, Marvin Smith, Vincent Smith, Luther Stovall, Alma Thomas, Mildred Thompson, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Jack Whitten, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Hartwell Yeargans. [16+ venue touring exhibition beginning at: Lamar Dodd Art Center, LaGrange College, La Grange, GA, March 3-31, 1991; Columbia Museum of Art, Columbia, SC; Lauren Rogers Museum, Laurel, MI; Hickory Museum of Art, Hickory, NC; Museum of the South, Mobile, AL; Museum of Arts and Sciences, Macon, GA; Greenville Museum of Art, Greenville, SC; Danville Museum of Fine Arts and History, Danville, VA; Gadsden Museum of Art, Gadsden, AL; Polk Museum of Art, Lakeland, FL; Gibbes Museum of Art, Charleston, SC; Cleveland Institute of Art, Cleveland, OH; York County Museum of Art, Rock Hill, SC; Pensacola Museum of Art, Pensacola, FL; Marietta-Cobb Museum of Art, Marietta, GA; Indiana State University, Terre Haute, IN; Miami Univeristy Museum of Art, Oxford, OH; Washington and Lee University, Lexington, VA; Jacksonville Museum of Art, Jacksonville, FL; William and Mary College, Williamsburg, VA; Northwest Visual Arts Center, Panama City, FL; Gertrude Herbert Institute, Augusta, GA; Springfield Art Museum, Springfield, MO; Beach Museum of Art, Manhattan, KS; Montgomery Museum of Art, Montgomery, AL; New Visions Gallery, Atlanta, GA.] 4to (28 x 22 cm.), wraps. First ed. LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum. African-American Abstractions in Printmaking from the Brandywine Graphic Workshop. Thru December 10, 1989. Group exhibition. Included: John E. Dowell, Jr., Sam Gilliam, Margo Humphrey, Richard Hunt, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Quentin Morris, Keith Morrison, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Howardena Pindell, Betye Saar, Frank Smith, John T. Scott, Phyllis Thompson, et al. [Traveled to: African-American Museum of Fine Arts, San Diego, CA, thru February 28, 1990 - the museum's inaugural exhibition.] [Review: Leah Ollman, Los Angeles Times, January 12, 1990.] LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum. American Vision: African American Sculptors, 19th Century - 21st Century. October 10, 2003-December 17, 2004. Group exhibition. Included: Martin Puryear, Elizabeth Catlett, Richard Hunt, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Ed Love, John Outterbridge, Martin Payton, and others. LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum. Art in Public Places. April 15-Auguest 30, 1987. Exhib. cat., illus. Includes: Elizabeth Catlett, Melvin Edwards, Maren Hassinger, Richard Hunt, George Smith. LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum. In the Hands of African American Collectors: The Personal Treasures of Bernard and Shirley Kinsey. September 28, 2006-March 11, 2007. 112 pp. exhib. cat., full-page color illus., biogs. of most artists. Curated by Evelyn Carter, Jill Moniz and Christopher D. Jimenez y West; texts by Gary Nash and Rita Roberts; reflections as collectors, Bernard and Shirley Kinsey. Group exhibition of work collected by the Kinseys in Los Angeles for the past 35 years. Includes some 90 paintings, sculptures, prints, books, documents, manuscripts and vintage photographs. Artists include: Ron Adams, Tina Allen, Charles Alston, Edward M. Bannister, Ernie Barnes, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, John Biggers, Bob Blackburn, Grafton Tyler Brown, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Claude Clark, Allan Rohan Crite, Bill Dallas, Robert S. Duncanson, Samuel L. Dunson Jr., Ed Dwight, Sam Gilliam, Jonathan Green, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Artis Lane, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Lionel Lofton, Richard Mayhew, William Pajaud, James Porter, Edward Pratt, Sue Jane Mitchell Smock, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Matthew Thomas, William Tolliver, James Lesesne Wells. [Traveled to: South Side Community Art Center, Chicago, July 13, 2007-March 2, 2008; Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, FL, May 1-July 20, 2008.] 4to (28 cm.), wraps. LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum. The Banks Family Collection. November 14, 1986-February 22, 1987. Group exhibition. Sixty works of art from the Leon O. Banks Collection, collected since 1955. Included: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Marvin Harden, Richard Hunt, Betye Saar, Bob Thompson, and others. LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum (as Museum of Afro-American History and Culture). East/West Contemporary American Art. July 22, 1984-January 15, 1985. Unpag. exhib. cat., illus., biogs., exhib. checklist, bibliog. Text by Sharon F. Patton. 28 artists included: Romare Bearden, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud. Houston Conwill, Alonzo Davis, David Driskell, Mel Edwards, Frederick Eversley, Sam Gilliam, Maren Hassinger, Richard Hunt, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Daniel LaRue Johnson, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Jacob Lawrence, Alvin Loving, Keith Morrison, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, John Outterbridge, Howardena Pindell, Martin Puryear, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Carroll Simms, Vincent Smith, James Tanner, William T. Williams, and John Wilson. 4to, pictorial wraps. First ed. LOS ANGELES (CA). Dickson Art Galleries, UCLA Art Galleries. The Negro In American Art: One Hundred and Fifty Years of Afro-American Art. September 11-October 16, 1966. 63 pp. exhib. cat., 47 b&w illus., color cover plate, checklist of over 100 works by 48 artists, biogs., awards, exhibs., colls. for each artist. Curated with foreword by Frederick Wight; text by James A. Porter. [Porter's text originally appeared in Presence Africaine, and was re-edited for this publication.] In addition to the usual famous dozen, there are artists included here who are not in many of the other group shows due to the California emphasis. Includes: Charles Alston, Edward M. Bannister, Romare Bearden, Edmund Bereal, Calvin Burnett, Emilio Cruz, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, Robert Duncanson, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Marvin Harden, Eugene Hawkins, Wilbur Haynie, Alvin C. Hollingsworth, Richard Hunt, Daniel L. Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, William Majors, David Mann, Charles McGee, Lloyd G. McNeill, Norma Morgan, Horace Pippin, Judson Powell, Noah Purifoy, Mavis Pusey, Robert Reid, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Jewel W. Simon, Van Slater, John Stevens, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Robert Thompson, Ruth G. Waddy, Charles White, Todd Williams, Ed Wilson, Roosevelt Woods, Charles E. Yates. [Traveled to: University of California, Davis, November 1-December 15, 1966; Fine Arts Gallery of San Diego, San Diego, CA, January 5-February 12, 1967; Oakland Art Museum, Oakland, CA, February 24-March 19, 1967.] 4to (28 cm.), stapled wraps. First ed. LOS ANGELES (CA). Golden State Mutual Life Insurance Co. Selected Pieces from the Golden State Mutual Life Insurance Co. Afro-American Art Collection. Los Angeles: 1969. Unpag. exhib. cat., 10 illus. including work by: Hughie Lee-Smith, Daniel Larue Johnson, Richard Hunt. Ron Adams, Charles White, Richmond Barthé, Beulah Woodard, P'lla Mills, Rose Green, Jack Jordan. 13 artist biogs. of Charles Alston, Richmond Barthé, William Carter, Alice Gafford, Rose Green, Richard Hunt, Daniel L. Johnson, Jack Jordan, Hughie Lee-Smith, P'lla Mills, Charles White, Beulah Woodard, Hale Woodruff. [The revised edition of 1972 includes somewhat different illustrations and biographies, including Herman Kofi Bailey, John Biggers, Betye Saar, Henry Ossawa Tanner.] LUBBOCK (TX). Museum of Texas Tech University. Living With Art: Modern & Contemporary African American Art from collection of Alitash Kebede. January 1-March 31, 2003. Traveling exhibition of 75 works (painting, drawing, prints, sculpture) by 38 artists. Includes: Charles Alston, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Skunder Boghossian, David Butler, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Emilio Cruz, Melvin Edwards, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, Maren Hassinger, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Lois Mailou Jones, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, James Little, Al Loving, Richard Mayhew, Tyrone Mitchell, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Betye Saar, Alison Saar, Lezley Saar, Eve Sandler, Charles Searles, William Smith, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Phyllis Thompson, Charles White, Richard Wyatt, Richard Yarde. [Traveled to: Center For Contemporary Art, Univ. of Colorado, Colorado Springs, CO, October 1-December 31, 2003; Pritchard Art Gallery, Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID, January 23-February 29, 2004; Smith Robertson Cultural Center, Jackson, MS, July 14-October 31, 2004; Stark University Ctr. Galleries, Texas A & M University, College Station, TX, January 19-March 19, 2006; Peninsula Fine Arts Center, Newport News, VA, June 3-August 27, 2006; Shaw Center for the Arts, LSU, Baton Rouge, LA, January 26-April 27, 2007; California African American Museum, Los Angeles, CA, May 31-September 2, 2007; Bermuda National Gallery of Art, October 8, 2007-January 4, 2008, and other venues.] 4to, wraps. MASSEY, JOHN, ed. Great Ideas. Chicago: Container Corporation of America, 1976. 400 pp., 195 color illus. of work by 157 artists, brief biogs. of artists and writers. Texts by Herbert Bayer, David Ogilvy, Rhodes Patterson, Mortimer Adler, Franz Schulze. From 1950 to the mid-1970s, the CCA ran advertisements in a series called "Great Ideas." Art Director Herbert Bayer commissioned major artists and designers to illustrate selected ideas of Western philosophers, writers, scientists, and cultural, religious, and political figures of history. For example, René Magritte illustrates Milton on the power of truth, Ben Shahn illustrates Locke on the purpose of government, Paul Rand illustrates Herodotus on freedom of discussion, Bayer illustrates Wittgenstein on the limits of language, and Saul Bass illustrates John Stuart Mill on the pursuit of truth. The collection includes work commissioned from Jacob Lawrence and Richard Hunt. 4to, stamped buckram, in cardboard slipcase. MELTZER, MILTON and ALVIN YUDKOFF (Dir.). Five [Film]. 1975. Five black artists, Romare Bearden, Betty Blayton, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Richard Hunt, and Charles White show and tell about their creations. 28 min. MEMPHIS (TN). Shelby State Community College. First National African-American Crafts Conference & Jubilee. May 29-June 3, 1979. Artists listed on the agenda, committees and boards include: Richard Hunt, Patricia Lechman, Barbara Cole, Willis Bing Davis, Wilhelmina Godfrey, Earl Hooks, Mimi Semmes Dann, Luther Hampton, Frances Hassell, Samella Lewis, Victoria Meek, Napoleon-Jones, Carroll H. Simms, Winnie Owens, Lethia Robertson, E. J. Montgomery, Akua Sharif-McDaniel, Karen Jenkins, James Tanner, Carole Allen Ward. 11 x 17 in . Folding sheet, printed in red, black, olive, tan on heavy yellow paper stock. MIAMI (FL). Florida International University, North Miami Campus. Contemporary Black Art: A Selected Sampling. September 23-October 2, 1977. Unpag. exhib. cat., illus. 34 artists included: Benny Andrews, Ellsworth Ausby, Romare Bearden, Ed Clark, Art Coppedge, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Barkley Hendricks, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Jacob Lawrence, Al Loving, Robert McKnight, Tyrone Mitchell, Earl Miller, Mavis Pusey, Faith Ringgold, Bill Rivers, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, John Andrew Smith, Vincent Smith, Lou Stovall, Alma Thomas, Phyllis Thompson, Luther Vann, Paul Waters, Pheoris West, Charles White, Franklin White, William A. White, Walter Williams, Roland Woods, Purvis Young. [Traveled to Florida International Univ. Tamiami Campus, October 4-22, 1977.] 4to, wraps. First ed. MIAMI (FL). Metro-Dade Cultural Center. Forty Years: Robert Blackburn and the Printmaking Workshop, Inc.. February-April, 1988. Group exhibition. Included: Bob Blackburn, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Nadine DeLawrence-Maine, Melvin Edwards, Herbert Gentry, Manuel Hughes, Richard Hunt, Richard Mayhew, Richard Powell, Mavis Pusey, AJ Smith, Charles White, William T. Williams, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Richard Yarde, et al. MILWAUKEE (WI). Milwaukee Art Museum. Landfall Press: Twenty Five Years of Printmaking. 1996. 220 pp. exhib. cat., 280 illus., 140 in color, brief biogs. of 55 contemporary American artists. Text by Joseph Ruzicka, Jack Lemon, Vernon Fisher, Mark Pascale. Includes: Richard Hunt. 4to (12.25 x 9.25 in.), wraps. MINNEAPOLIS (MN). Minneapolis Institute of Arts. 30 Contemporary Black Artists. October 17-November 24, 1968. Unpag. (20 pp) exhib. cat., 2 b&w illus., list of artists with brief biog and checklist of 53 works (several works for each artist.) Intro. by Roger Mandle. A significant traveling show mounted with the assistance of Ruder & Finn. Includes: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Betty Blayton, Peter Bradley, Floyd Coleman, Emilio Cruz, Avel DeKnight, Melvin Edwards, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Robert Gordon, Marvin Harden, Felrath Hines, Alvin C. Hollingsworth, Richard Hunt, Daniel Larue Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Tom Lloyd, William Majors, Richard Mayhew, Earl Miller, Robert Reid, Mahler B. Ryder, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Thomas Albert Sills, Jack White, Ed Wilson. (Note the list of artists in the traveling show seems to have been somewhat different. The same 30 were shown at the IBM Gallery, NY (April 28-May 29, 1969) but the brochure indicates that 8 smaller works were substituted for the works exhibited in Minneapolis. At the Houston Contemporary Art Museum (January 20-February 16, 1970), however, several artists were added: George Carter, Cliff Joseph, James Denmark, Hughie Lee-Smith, Russ Thompson, Lloyd Toone; others seem to have been omitted: Melvin Edwards, Daniel Larue Johnson, William Majors, Mahler B. Ryder. Small sq. 4to, stapled wraps. First ed. MONTCLAIR (NJ). Unitarian Church. Collector's Choice. May, 1993. Group exhibition of 23 artists. Curated by Edmund Pease and Wendy McNeil. Included: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Victor Davson, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Hughie Lee-Smith, Don Miller, Jack Whitten. MORRISTOWN (NJ). Morris Museum of Art. African-American Masters. February 13-April 1, 2007. Group exhibition. Included: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Joseph Delaney, Robert Duncanson, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Richard Mayhew, Faith Ringgold, Aminah Robinson, and Charles White. NASHVILLE (TN). Carl Van Vechten Gallery, Fisk University. Directions in Afro-American Abstract Art. October 17-November 17, 1982. 9 pp. exhib. cat., b&w illus. Curated with text by Jerry C. Waters. Artists included: Betty Blayton, Ellen Bond, Jacqueline Bontemps, Melvin Davis, David Driskell, Edward Grady, Sam Gilliam, Earl J. Hooks, Richard Hunt, Adrienne Jenkins, Nina Lovelace, Sam Middleton, Keith Morrison, Stephanie Pogue, Martin Puryear, Robert Shields, Thomas Sills, Alma Thomas, William T. Williams, Viola Wood. 8vo (25 cm.), stapled wraps. First ed. NASHVILLE (TN). Fisk University Art Gallery. Sculpture by Richard Hunt; paintings by Sam Middleton. April 21-May 16, 1968. Unpag. (14 pp.) exhib. cat., b&w illus. Curated by David Driskell. 8vo (23 cm.), stapled wraps. NASHVILLE (TN). Fisk University, Department of Art. Amistad II: Afro-American Art. 1975. 92 pp. exhib. cat., 74 b&w illus., checklist of 79 works by 53 African American artists. Text by David C. Driskell, self-interview by Allan M. Gordon, text on Amistad incident by Grant Spradling. Artists include: Benny Andrews, William Artis, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Betty Blayton, Michael Borders, Elizabeth Catlett, Jacob Lawrence, Henry O. Tanner, Claude Clark, Sr., Claude Lockhart Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Allan Rohan Crite, Bing Davis, Philip Randolph Dotson, Aaron Douglas, John Dowell, David Driskell, William Edmondson, Palmer Hayden, Earl Hooks, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnson, Lawrence Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Ted Jones, David McDonald, Sam Middleton, Keith Morrison, Archibald Motley, James Porter, Gregory Ridley, Raymond Saunders, Charles Sebree, Albert Alexander Smith, Vincent D. Smith, Bill Taylor, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, Ellis Wilson, and others. 4to (29 cm.), wraps. First ed. NAWROCKI, DENNIS ALAN and DAVID CLEMENTS (photos). Art in Detroit Public Places. Detroit, Wayne State University Press, 1999. 183 pp., illus., list of 120 sites and artists, bibliog., index. Includes: Sam Gilliam, Tyree Guyton, Richard Hunt, Lester L. Johnson, Charles Keck, Alvin D. Loving, Hubert Massey, Allie McGhee, Charles McGee. Revised ed. NEW ORLEANS (LA). Stella Jones Gallery. Ebony soliloquy: a five year retrospective (1996-2001). 2001. 47 pp. exhib. cat., illus. (mostly color.) Preface by Samella Lewis. Group exhibition. Included: Richard Barthé, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Herbert Gentry, Loïs Mailou Jones, Phoebe Beasley, Yvonne Edwards-Tucker, Artis Lane, Evangeline "EJ" Montgomery, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Ann Tanksley, Louis Delsarte, Malaika Favorite, Randall Henry, Dennis Paul Williams, Tayo Adenaike, El Anatsui, Antonio Carreño, LeRoy Clarke, Edouard Duval-Carrié, Wosene Kosrof, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Claude Clark, Ernest Crichlow, Reginald Gammon, Richard Hunt, Samella Lewis, Richard Mayhew, William "Bill" Pajaud, Jr., Gordon Parks, Sr., Ron Adams, Benny Andrews, Allan Rohan Crite, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Francisco Mora, James Amos Porter, Vincent Smith. 4to (28 cm.), wraps. NEW YORK (NY). ACA Galleries. Inaugural Exhibition: 68 Years / 68 Masters. November 16-December 9, 2000. Group exhibition. Included: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Richard Mayhew, Faith Ringgold, Charles White. NEW YORK (NY). ACA Galleries. Visions of America: A Black Perspective. January 19-March 2, 2002. Group exhibition spanning the period of the Harlem Renaissance era to the present. Artists included: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Aaron Douglas, Barkley Hendricks, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Richard Mayhew, Faith Ringgold, Bob Thompson, Charles White, and Hale Woodruff. [12 images of work from the exhibition at the gallery website: http://www.acagalleries.com/exharchivefiles/visions1.02.htm] NEW YORK (NY). American Federation of Arts. Abstract Sculpture in America, 1930-1970. 1991. 71 pp. exhib. cat., illus. Text by P. Andrew Spahr. Includes: Richard Hunt. NEW YORK (NY). Archibald Arts. Notation on Africanism. 1995. Group exhibition. Artists included: Chakaia Booker, Richard Hunt, Gerald Jackson, Senga Nengudi, Lorraine O’Grady. NEW YORK (NY). Bellevue Hospital Center Atrium. Images of Color 2008 - New York. February 19-March 6, 2008. An Exhibition in Celebration of Black History Month. Works from the New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation's Art Collection. Included: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Dawoud Bey, Ramona Candy, Stephanie Chisholm, Eva Cockroft, Eldzier Cortor, Masha Froliak, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, D. Lammie-Hanson, Alex Harsley, William Howard, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Richard Mayhew, Otto Neals, Ademola Olugebefola, Valerie Phillips, Gina Samson, Alfred J. Smith, Vincent Smith, James VanDerZee, Charles White, Emmett Wigglesworth, John Wilson, and Wendy Wilson. NEW YORK (NY). Bernice Steinbaum Gallery. American Resources: Selected Works of African American Artists. August 26-September 24, 1989. Unpag. (94 pp.) exhib. cat., 91 b&w illus., checklist. A catalogue of three exhibitions held June 18-August 18 in Nashville which were subsequently shown together at Bernice Steinbaum Gallery. Includes: 14 older masterworks, 57 works by 47 contemporary avant garde artists, and 34 works by outsider artists. Curated and text by Bernice Steinbaum. Excellent wide-ranging selection with many women artists represented. Includes: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Richmond Barthé [as Richard], Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Frederick J. Brown, Vivian Browne, Beverly Buchanan, David Butler, Carole Byard, Archie Byron, Kimberly Camp, Elizabeth Catlett, Catti, Albert Chong, C'love, Robert Colescott, Houston Conwill, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Thornton Dial (Sr.), Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Sam Doyle, David Driskell, William Edmondson, Minnie Evans, Sam Gilliam, Ralph Griffin, Bessie Harvey, Maren Hassinger, Gerald Hawkes, Janet Henry, Lonnie Holley (as Holly), Margo Humphrey, Richard Hunt, Noah Jemisin, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Ronald Joseph, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Joe Light, Ronald Lockett, Wini McQueen (as Winnie), J.B. Murry, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Joe Overstreet, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Martin Puryear, John Rhoden, John Riddle, Faith Ringgold, Royal Robertson, Juanita Rogers, Nellie Mae Rowe, Alison Saar, Raymond Saunders, Joyce Scott, Elizabeth Talford Scott, William E. Scott, Clarissa Sligh, Albert A. Smith (as Albert H. Smith), Mary T. Smith, Henry Speller, Jimmie Lee Sudduth, Alma Thomas, James (Son) Thomas, Bob Thompson (as Bobby), Mose Tolliver, Bill Traylor, Felix Vergous, Bisa Washington, Grace Y. Williams, Philemona Williamson, Hale Woodruff, Purvis Young. Narrow 8vo (23 cm.), grey paper wraps, lettered in black. First ed. NEW YORK (NY). Bill Hodges Gallery. African American Artists II. February 12-March 18, 2000. 56 pp. exhib. cat., 68 color plates, biogs. of all artists, notes. Work by 19 artists in all media, including: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, William Artis, James Barnsley, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Chakaia Booker, Edward Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Beauford Delaney, Richard Dempsey, David Driskell, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Chester Higgins, Jr., Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Maceo Mitchell. Oblong 4to, pictorial stiff wraps. Ed. of 2000. NEW YORK (NY). David Findlay. Chuang Che, Richard Hunt, Duncan Johnson. December 1-26, 2009. Three-person exhibition. Included: Richard Hunt. NEW YORK (NY). David Findlay. Geometry and Gesture. April 8-29, 2010. Group exhibition. Included: Richard Hunt. NEW YORK (NY). Ebony editors. 15 Leading Black Artists. 1986. In: Ebony 41, no. 7 (May, 1986):46-54, color illus. of one work by each with photo of artist. Included: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Oliver Jackson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Howardena Pindell, Martin Puryear, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders. 4to, wraps. NEW YORK (NY). Ebony Editors. Ebony Handbook. Chicago: Johnson Publisnt Company Pub., 1974. Of historical interest only. Includes over 150 artists, more than double the number who were included in Ebony's Negro Handbook of 1966. Nonetheless, this represents a very limited selection compared with the St. Louis Index (1972) and Cederholm (1973) which had been published in the two years immediately preceeding this revision. Includes: Charles Alston, Eileen Anderson, Ralph Arnold, William E. Artis, Kwasi Asante, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Sherman Beck, Ben Bey, Michelle C. Bey, John T. Biggers, Gloria Bohanon, Lorraine Bolton, Shirley Bolton, Elmer Brown, Samuel J. Brown, Herbert Bruce, Joan Bryant, Selma Burke, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Nathaniel Bustion, William S. Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Benjamin Clark, Claude Clark, Irene V. Clark, Floyd Coleman, Eldzier Cortor, Samuel Countee, G. C. Coxe, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Alonzo J. Davis, Charles C. Dawson, Richard Dempsey, J. Brooks Dendy, Jeff Donaldson, Harold S. Dorsey, Aaron Douglas, Annette Ensley, Marion Epting, P. Fernand (listed only in this publication), Frederick C. Flemister, Ausbra Ford, Leroy Foster, Meta Vaux Fuller, Rex Goreleigh, Joseph E. Grey, J. Eugene Grigsby, John W. Hardrick, Oliver Harrington, Frank Hayden, Palmer Hayden, Vertis C. Hayes, Eselean Henderson, Alvin C. Hollingsworth, Humbert Howard, Kenneth Howard (in this publication only), Richard Hughes, Richard Hunt, J.D. Jackson, Wilmer Jennings, Lester L. Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Ben Jones, Lawrence Jones, Lois Maillou Jones, Mark Jones, Charles Keck, James E. Kennedy, Joseph Kersey, Henri Umbaji King, Omar Lama, Jacob Lawrence, Clifford Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Leon Leonard, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Edward L. Loper, Anderson Macklin, William Majors, Stephen Mayo, Geraldine McCullough, Eva Hamlin Miller, Rosetta Dotson Minner, Corinne Mitchell, James Mitchell, Norma Morgan, Jimmie Mosely, Archibald J. Motley, Dindga McCannon, David Normand, Hayward Oubre, Sandra Peck, Marion Perkins, Alvin Phillips, Delilah Pierce, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Georgette Seabrooke Powell, Leo Twiggs, Al Tyler, Anna Tyler, Steve Walker, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Kenneth V. Young, et al. NEW YORK (NY). Ebony editors. The JPC Art Collection. 1973. In: Ebony 29, no. 2 (December, 1973):37-40, 42. Article on the Johnson Publishing Co. Collection of 150 artworks valued at more than $250,000; color illus, with a brief bio paragraph on each of a selection of 20 artists. Included: Charles Alston, Ralph M. Arnold, Kwasi Seitu Asante, Romare Bearden, Irene V. Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Jeff Donaldson, Harold Dorsey, Frank Hayden, Richard Hunt, Robin Hunter, Marie Johnson, Philton Latortue, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Leon Lank Leonard, Sr., Valerie Maynard, Geraldine McCullough, Arthur Roland, Charles White, Gerald Williams, George Lewis Wilson, Hale Woodruff, et al. 4to, wraps. NEW YORK (NY). G.R. N'Namdi Gallery. 25th Anniversary Exhibition, Forms of Abstraction. February 2-August 31, 2007. Group exhibition. Artists include McArthur Binion, Chakaia Booker, Frank Bowling, Nanette Carter, Ed Clark, Gregory Coates, Robert Colescott, Herbert Gentry, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, James Little, Mauro Machado, Richard Mayhew, Allie McGhee, Tyrone Mitchell, Vicente Pimentel, Howardena Pindell, Charles Searles, LeRone Wilson. NEW YORK (NY). Lever House. Sculpture '81. February 18-March 16, 1981. Exhib. cat., illus., biogs. Intro. by Doris McKelvy and Jack E. Jordan. Group exhibition curated by Bertina Hunter. Included: Richmond Barthé, Camille Billops (photo), Selma Burke, Betty Blayton, Elizabeth Catlett, James Denmark, Mel Edwards, Inge Hardison, Richard Hunt, Myra Ivory, Jack Jordan, Robert W. Kelly, Jerome B. Meadows, Arnold Prince, Tyrone Mitchell, John Rhoden, Lloyd Toone, Bo Walker, Masood Ali Warren, Frank Wimberley, Estella V. Wright. NEW YORK (NY). Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin Vol XXVII, Number 5 (January1969). Special Issue on African-American art. 1969. 48 pp. Includes a symposium discussion on Black art in America with Romare Bearden, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Tom Lloyd, William Williams, Hale Woodruff. Also, interview with Wilson Burch, and articles by Barry Schwartz, Priscilla Tucker, Frank Conroy; selected bibliography by Jean Blackwell Hutson. Issued in conjunction with the historic exhibition "Harlem On My Mind." Small 4to, stapled wraps. First ed. NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery. Abstract Expressionism: Further Evidence (Part Two: Sculpture). September 10-October 31, 2009. 144 pp. exhib. cat., 66 color plates, extensive biogs. Included: Harold Cousins and Richard Hunt. 4to, cloth, d.j. Ed. of 1500. NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery. African American Art, 20th century Masterworks, VI. January 14-March 6, 1999. 60 pp., 41 color plates, 36 b&w illus. Foreword by Michael Rosenfeld. Artists include: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Selma Burke, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Harold Cousins, Allan Rohan Crite, Beauford Delaney, Sam Gilliam, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Betye Saar, William Edouard Scott, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Bob Thompson, Bill Traylor, James VanDerZee, Charles White and Hale Woodruff. [Traveled to Flint Institute of Art, Flint, MI.] 8vo (23 cm.; 8.5 x 6 in.), pictorial stiff wraps. First ed. NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery. African American Art: 20th century Masterworks, V. January 22-March 21, 1998. 52 pp., checklist of 44 works, all illus. in color, plus b&w photos of artists with brief biog. notes for each. Text by Leslie King-Hammond. Includes: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Harold Cousins, Beauford Delaney, Aaron Douglas, William Edmondson, Sam Gilliam, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Haywood Oubré, Marion Perkins, Horace Pippin, Betye Saar, Henry O. Tanner, Bob Thompson, Bill Traylor, VanDerZee, Charles White, Hale Woodruff. [Traveled to Newcombe Art Gallery, Tulane University, New Orleans.] 8vo (8.5 x 6 in.), pictorial stiff wraps. First ed. NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery. African-American Art: 20th Century Masterworks, IV. January 23-March 26, 1997. 48 pp. exhib. cat., 38 color illus., biogs. 30 artists included: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, William Ellisworth Artis, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Eldzier Cortor, Beauford Delaney, William Edmondson, Sam Gilliam, William Harper, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, Malvin Gray Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Richard Mayhew, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, William Edouard Scott, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Charles White, and Hale Woodruff. [Also exhibited at Fisk University, Nashville, April 1-June1, 1997.] 8vo (23 cm.; 8.5 x 6 in.), pictorial stiff wraps. First ed. NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery. Beyond the Spectrum: Abstraction in African American Art, 1950-1975. January 11-March 8, 2014. Group exhibition. Included: Charles Alston, Frank Bowling, Ed Clark, Harold Cousins, Beauford Delaney, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Norman Lewis, Al Loving, Howardena Pindell, Alma Thomas, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams, and Hale Woodruff. NEW YORK (NY). National Academy of Design. 184th Annual: An Invitational Exhibition of Contemporary American Art. April 16-June 10, 2009. Exhib. cat., color illus. Included: Emma Amos, David Driskell, Melvin Edwards, Richard Hunt, Whitfield Lovell. NEW YORK (NY). New York Public Library. Bulletin of Research in the Humanities Vol. 84, No. 2 (Summer 1981) Schomburg Center Issue. 1981. A Preliminary Catalogue of the Art and Artifacts collection of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. Mentions the following artists: Charles Alston, Pastor Argudin y Pedroso, Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, William Braxton, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Ernest Crichlow, Beauford Delaney, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, Melvin Edwards, William Farrow, Elton Fax, Meta Fuller, Rex Goreleigh, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, Malvin Gray Johnson, Lois Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Edmonia Lewis, Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe, Horace Pippin, (white South American artist) Teodoro Ramos Blanco, Earle Richardson, Faith Ringgold, Bernie Robynson, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Albert A. Smith, Marvin Smith, Morgan Smith, Vincent Smith, Henry O. Tanner, Laura Waring, James L. Wells, Charles White, William T. Williams. 8vo, wraps. NEW YORK (NY). Seagrams Distillers. Five [Film]. 1972. Color film featuring Romare Bearden, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Richard Hunt, Betty Blayton, and Charles White. [Cited in Charles White Bibliography by Ernest Kaiser and Benjamin Horowitz, Freedomways 20, no. 3, 1980.] 16mm. Sd., col. 25 min. NEW YORK (NY). Skoto Gallery. Drawings. December 8, 2011-January 31, 2012. Group exhibition. Included: José Bedia, Dudley Charles, Vladimir Cybil Charlier, Victor Ekpuk, Richard Hunt, Osaretin Ighile, Michael Marshall, Uche Okeke, Ibrahim El Salahi. NEW YORK (NY). Skoto Gallery. Group Show. December 13, 2007-January 19, 2008. Group exhibition. Included: Olu Amoda, Frank Bowling, Diako, Angele Etoundi Essamba, Romain Ganer, Richard Hunt, Aimé Mpane, Bruce Onobrakpeya, Owusu-Ankomah, Pefura, Etiyé Dimma Poulsen,Tesfaye Tessema, Obiora Udechukwu. NEW YORK (NY). Skoto Gallery. Selected Works. December 5, 2003-January 25, 2004. Group exhibition. Included: Richard Hunt, Mohammad Omer Khalil, Khalid Kodi, Bryan McFarlane, Pefura, Eddy Steinhauer. NEW YORK (NY). Studio Museum in Harlem. The Listening Sky: An Inaugural Exhibition of The Studio Museum in Harlem Sculptural Garden. 1995 exhibition; publication dated 1997. 40 pp. exhib. cat., color illus. Intro. Kinshasha Holman Conwill; text by Jorge Daniel Veneciano. Exhibition to inaugurate the museum's sculpture garden. Included: Chakaia Booker, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Robert Craddock, Melvin Edwards, Richard Hunt, Tyrone Mitchell, John Outterbridge, Helen Evans Ramsaran, John T. Scott, George Smith and Nari Ward. 8vo (24 cm.), wraps. First ed. NEW YORK (NY). Studio Museum in Harlem. The Studio Museum in Harlem: 25 Years of African-American Art. Thru May, 1994. 56 pp., 43 color plates, checklist of 45 paintings, sculptures, drawings, and prints, brief bibliog. and short biogs. of the 43 artists included. Intro. by Valerie J. Mercer. Includes: painting by Frederick J. Brown, Ed Clark, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, Cynthia Hawkins, Manuel Hughes, Kerry James Marshall, Howardena Pindell, John Rozelle, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams; sculpture by Colin Chase, Nadine DeLawrence, Melvin Edwards, Richard Hunt, Donald Locke, Betye Saar; drawings by Juan Cash, Robert Colescott, Emilio Cruz, Louis J. Delsarte, Thornton Dial, Sr., John E. Dowell, Barkley Hendricks, Ben Jones, Nellie Mae Rowe, Leon Waller; collages by Romare Bearden, Candace Hill; prints by Nanette Carter, James E. Dupree, Ray Grist, Michael Kendall, Norman Lewis, Carolyn Maitland, Valerie Maynard, Howard McCalebb, Lloyd McNeill, Lev Mills, Lee Pate, Stephanie Weaver, Michael Kelly Williams, Richard Yarde. [Review: Holland Cotter, NYT, May 5, 1993.] [Traveled to 14 national venues.] Sq. 8vo, wraps. Ed. of 5000 copies. NEW YORK (NY). Studio Museum in Harlem. Tradition and Conflict: Images of a Turbulent Decade 1963-1973. 1985. 100 pp. exhib. cat., 69 b&w illus., checklist of 151 works, bibliog. Important exhibition curated by Mary Schmidt Campbell. Includes Benny Andrews' journal/chronology of black political art activism 1963-1973, the curator's chronologies of historical and art historical events. Included: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Malcolm Bailey, Romare Bearden, Kay Brown, Vivian Browne, Arthur Carraway, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Houston Conwill, Murry Depillars, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Calvin Douglass, Melvin Edwards, Perry Ferguson, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Linda Goode-Bryant, Emilio Cruz, David Hammons, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, Wadsworth Jarrell, Sargent Johnson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Carolyn Lawrence, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, William Majors, Richard Mayhew, Valerie Maynard, Dindga McCannon, Earl B. Miller, Tyrone Mitchell, Joe Overstreet, James Phillips, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Willi Posey, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Merton Simpson, George H. Smith, Vincent D. Smith, Charles White, Jack Whitten, Hale Woodruff, Richard Yarde, James Yeargans, photographs by Robert A. Sengstacke. [Traveled to: Galleries of the Claremont Colleges, Claremont, CA; The Heckscher Museum, Huntington, NY; Museum of the Center of Afro-American Artists, Boston, MA; New York State Museum, Albany, NY; David and Alfred Smart Gallery, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL; Arkansas Arts Center, Little Rock, AK; Tower Fine Arts Gallery, State University College, Brockport, NY.] 4to, wraps. First ed. NEW YORK (NY). Whitney Museum of American Art. Forty Artists Under Forty: From the collection of the Whitney Museum of American Art. July 23-September 16, 1962. Unpag. (52 pp.) exhib. cat., 5 color plates, approx. 35 b&w illus., biogs., notes on each artist by Edward Bryant; short statements by each artist. Includes three African American artists: Richard Hunt (Extending Horizontal Form, 1958), Richard Mayhew (Morning Bush, 1960), and Sam Middleton (Out Chorus, 1960). Oblong 4to, wraps. First ed. NEW YORK (NY). Whitney Museum of American Art. Sculpture Annual 1970. 1970. 63 pp. exhib. cat., illus. Curated by Robert Doty with Marcia Tucker and James K. Monte. Included: Barbara Chase-Riboud, Melvin Edwards, Frederick Eversley, Daniel Larue Johnson, Betye Saar. NEW YORK (NY). Wilmer Jennings Gallery at Kenkeleba House. Abstraction + Abstraction. February 21-April 24, 2010. Group exhibition. Included: Charles Alston, Robert Blackburn, Vivian E. Browne, Richard Dempsey, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Clifford Jackson, Harlan Jackson, Larry Compton Kolawole, Norman Lewis, Al Loving, William Majors, Earl B. Miller, Larry Potter, Haywood Bill Rivers, Thelma Johnson Streat, Alma Thomas, Mildred Thompson, Hale Woodruff, Betty Blayton, Frank Bowling, Ed Clark, Herbert Gentry, Bill Hutson, Sam Middleton, Joe Overstreet, Thomas Sills, Merton Simpson, and Frank Wimberley. NEW YORK (NY). Zabriskie Gallery. American Welders of the 1950s and 1960s. September 7-25, 1976. Group exhibition. Included: Richard Hunt. OAKLAND (CA). June Steingart Gallery, Laney College. African American Art Exhibition. March 3-April 18, 2014. Group exhibition. Included: Edward M. Bannister, Romare Bearden, Jacqueline Bontemps, Andreas Branch, Robert Colescott, Adger Cowans, William Dawson, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Richard Hunt, Larry Jordan, Nashormeh Lindo, Arthur Monroe, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Lorenzo Pace, Martin Puryear, Janet Sheard, Leslee Stadford, Roderick A. Taylor, Carole Ward Allen, Fan Warren. OPITZ, GLENN B. ed. Dictionary of American Sculptors: 18th Century to the Present. Poughkeepsie: Apollo, 1984. 656 pp. Includes: Charles Alston, William Artis, Annabelle Baker, Richmond Barthé, Edward Bereal, John Biggers, Leslie Bolling, Selma Burke, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Harold Cousins, Frederick Eversley, Florville Foy, Charlotte White Franklin, James Hampton, Richard Hunt, May Howard Jackson, Daniel LaRue Johnson, Lester Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Edmonia Lewis, Juan Logan, Lester Nathan Matthews, Valerie Maynard, Ned [Brown], Daniel G. Olney, Hayward Oubré, Curtis Patterson, Elliott Pinkney, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Martin Puryear, John Rhoden, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Jewel Woodard Simon, Robert J. Stull, Bill Taylor (William Badley Taylor], Rod Allen Taylor, Dox Thrash, Eugene Warburg, Meta Vaux Warrick [Fuller], James W. Washington, Jr., and Todd Williams. OTFINOSKI, STEVEN. African Americans in the Visual Arts. New York: Facts on File, 2003. x, 262 pp., 50 b&w photos of some artists, brief 2-page bibliog., index. Part of the A to Z of African Americans series. Lists over 170 visual artists (including 18 photographers) and 22 filmmakers with brief biographies and token bibliog. for each. An erratic selection, far less complete than the St. James Guide to Black Artists, and inexplicably leaving out over 250 artists of obvious historic importance (for ex.: Edwin A. Harleston, Grafton Tyler Brown, Charles Ethan Porter, Wadsworth Jarrell, John Outterbridge, Noah Purifoy, William Majors, Camille Billops, Whitfield Lovell, Al Loving, Ed Clark, John T. Scott, Maren Hassinger, Lorraine O'Grady, Winnie Owens-Hart, Adrienne Hoard, Oliver Jackson, Frederick Eversley, Glenn Ligon, Sam Middleton, Ed Hamilton, Pat Ward Williams, etc. and omitting a generation of well-established contemporary artists who emerged during the late 70s-90s. [Note: a newly revised edition of 2012 (ten pages longer) has not rendered it a worthy reference work on this topic.] 8vo (25 com), laminated papered boards. PAINTER, NELL IRVIN. Creating Black Americans: African American History and its Meanings 1619 to the Present. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. xvi, 458 pp., 148 illus. (110 in color), 4 maps, bibliog., index. Valuable for its images. A historical and cultural narrative that stretches from Africa to hip-hop with unusual attention paid to visual work. However, Painter is a historian not an art historian and therefore deals with the art in summary fashion without discussion of its layered imagery. Artists named include: Sylvia Abernathy, Tina Allen, Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Xenobia Bailey, James Presley Ball, Edward M. Bannister, Amiri Baraka (as writer), Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, C. M. Battey, Romare Bearden, Arthur P. Bedou, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Carroll Parrott Blue, Leslie Bolling, Chakaia Booker, Cloyd Boykin, Kay Brown, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Chris Clark, Claude Clarke, Houston Conwill, Brett Cook-Dizney, Allan Rohan Crite, Willis "Bing" Davis, Roy DeCarava, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, David C. Driskell, Robert S. Duncanson, Melvin Edwards, Tom Feelings, Roland L. Freeman, Meta Warrick Fuller, Paul Goodnight, Robert Haggins, Ed Hamilton, David Hammons, Inge Hardison, Edwin A. Harleston, Isaac Hathaway, Palmer Hayden, Kyra Hicks, Freida High-Tesfagiogis, Paul Houzell, Julien Hudson, Margo Humphrey, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Wadsworth Jarrell, Joshua Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, William H. Johnson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Jacob Lawrence, Viola Burley Leak, Charlotte Lewis, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Lewis, Glenn Ligon, Estella Conwill Majozo, Valerie Maynard, Aaron McGruder, Lev Mills, Scipio Moorhead, Archibald Motley, Jr., Howardena Pindell, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Harriet Powers, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, JoeSam, Melvin Samuels (NOC 167), O.L. Samuels, Augusta Savage, Joyce J. Scott, Herbert Singleton, Albert A. Smith, Morgan & Marvin Smith, Vincent Smith, Nelson Stevens, Ann Tanksley, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Dox Thrash, James Vanderzee, Kara Walker, Paul Wandless, Augustus Washington, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Pat Ward Williams, Hale Woodruff, Purvis Young. 8vo (9.4 x 8.2 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed. PALM SPRINGS (CA). Palm Springs Art Museum. Breaking Out! Sculptural Explorations in Metal & Wood. June 3-October 8, 2006. 5-person exhibition of major abstract sculptors. Group exhibition. Included: Richard Hunt. PATTON, SHARON F. African American Art. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. 319 pp., illus. throughout in color and b&w, notes, list of illus., timeline, index. Excellent new survey covering approximately 108 artists from Scipio Moorhead to Dawoud Bey, including 22 women artists: Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Malcolm Bailey, James Presley Ball, Henry (Mike) Bannarn, Edward Bannister, Dutreuil Barjon, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Peter Bentzon, Dawoud Bey, Bob Blackburn, Grafton Tyler Brown, Vivian E. Browne, Jacob (Jacoba) Bunel, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Ed Clark, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Houston Conwill, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Dave (the Potter), Thomas Day, Beauford Delaney, Jean-Louis Dolliole, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Robert M. Douglass, Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, Melvin Edwards, Minnie Evans. Frederick J. Eversley, John Frances, Meta Fuller, Reginald Gammon, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, Célestin Glapion, Thomas Goss, Jr., Henry Gudgell, David Hammons, James Hampton, Maren Hassinger, Palmer Hayden, Alvin C. Hollingsworth, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Clifford L. Jackson, May Howard Jackson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Oliver Jackson, Wadsworth A. Jarrell, Daniel Larue Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Ben Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Jules Lion, Tom Lloyd, Al Loving, Richard Mayhew, Sam Middleton, Scipio Moorhead, Keith Morrison, Archibald Motley, Ademola Olugebefola, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Rose Piper, Horace Pippin, Harriet Powers, Noah Purifoy, Martin Puryear, Patrick Reason, Faith Ringgold, Jean Rousseau, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, Addison Scurlock, Lorna Simpson, Merton D. Simpson, Vincent D. Smith, Thelma Streat, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Dox Thrash, James Vanderzee, Christian Walker, William W. Walker, Eugene Warburg, Charles White, Pat Ward Williams, Walter J. Williams, Hale Woodruff. 4to, cloth, d.j. First ed PHILADELPHIA (PA). Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Pennsylvania. Urban Encounters: Art, Architecture, Audience. 1980. 64 pp., over 60 color and b&w illus., bibliog. Texts by Lawrence Alloway, Janet Kardon, Nancy Foote,, et al. Includes: Richard Hunt. Sq. 4to (10.25 x 10.25 in.), wraps. First ed. PHILADELPHIA (PA). Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. The Chemistry of Color: African American Artists in Philadelphia, 1970-1990. The Harold A. and Ann R. Sorgenti Collection of Contemporary African-American Art. January 11-April 10, 2005. 96 pp. exhib. cat., 69 color plates, plus 31 color thumbnail illus., bibliog., index, timeline integrating artistic achievements with local and national events. Text by Kim Sajet, with foreword by Howardena Pindell. Exhibition of the Harold A. and Ann R. Sorgenti Collection of contemporary African American art. Includes works by Benny Andrews, James Atkins, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, James Brantley, Moe Brooker, Beverly Buchanan, Barbara Bullock, Calvin Burnett, Charles Burwell, Donald Camp, Syd Carpenter, Nanette Carter, Yvonne Pickering Carter, Nannette Acker Clark, Gregory Coates, Adger W. Cowans, John E. Dowell, Jr., Allan L. Edmunds, Sam Gilliam, Curlee Raven Holton, Edward Hughes, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Earl B. Lewis, Alvin Loving, Lynn Marshall-Linnemeier, John McDaniel, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, John E. Rozelle, Betty Saar, Raymond Saunders, Charles Searles, Andrew Turner, Richard J. Watson, Stanley K. Whitney, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams, Gilberto Antonio Wilson. Numerous other artists mentioned in passing: Ellsworth Ausby, Betty Blayton, Deryl Mackie, James Phillips, Horace Pippin, Martin Puryear, Mavis Pusey, Louis Sloan, Bradley Smith, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Hubert Taylor, Bob Thompson, Dox Thrash, Ellen Tiberino, Pheoris West, et al. [Seemingly the same exhibition at the Hudson River Museum, Yonkers, NY, February 5-May 8, 2011.] 4to (31 x 23 cm.; 11.8 x 9 in.), stiff self-wraps. First ed. PHILADELPHIA (PA). Philadelphia Museum of Art. Full Spectrum: Prints from the Brandywine Workshop. September 7-November 25, 2012. 80 pp. exhib. cat., color illus. Curated from the Museum's collection by Shelley R. Langdale. Text by Ruth Fine and Shelley Langdale. The exhibition included 54 prints whose subject ranged from cultural identity, political and social issues to portraiture, landscape, patterning, and pure abstraction. Note: The catalogue extends the scope of the exhibition to include a total of 100 prints by 89 artists (the majority are African American artists), donated by the Brandywine Workshop to the Philadelphia Museum of Art. Artists included: Danny Alvarez, Emma Amos, Akili Ron Anderson, Benny Andrews, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, James Brantley, Moe Brooker, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Nanette Clark, Louis Delsarte, John Dowell, James Dupree, Alan Edmunds, Rodney Ewing, Sam Gilliam, Michael D. Harris, Barkeley Hendricks, Curlee Holton, Ed Hughes, Richard Hunt, Wadsworth Jarrell, Martina Johnson-Allen, Paul Keene, Hughie Lee-Smith, Samella Lewis, Alvin Loving, Valerie Maynard, Ibrahim Miranda, Evangeline Montgomery, Keith Morrison, Howardena Pindell, Dwight Pogue, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Clarissa Sligh, Vincent Smith, Edgar Sorrells-Adewale, Vuyile Voyiya, Larry Walker, James Lesesne Wells, William T. Williams. 4to (27.9 x 21.6 cm.), wraps. PHOENIX (AZ). Phoenix Opportunities Industrialization Center. Artists of the Black Community/USA. May 26-August 19, 1988. Exhib. cat., bio and illus. for each artist. Statements by Robert L. Matthews, Eugene Grigsby Jr. and Gene C. Blue. Artists included: Charles Alston, Edward Bannister, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Robert Blackburn, Betty Blayton, Elizabeth Catlett, Robert Colescott, Vernelle DeSilva, Jeff Donaldson, Mel Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Paul Keene, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Donald Locke, Richard Mayhew, John Outterbridge, Raymond Saunders, Kara Shepherd, Francis Sprout, Leo Twiggs, George Welch, Charles White, Hale Woodruff, Rip Woods 4to, wraps. PITTSBURGH (PA). Carnegie Institute. Carnegie International. . Exhib. cat. Included: Richard Hunt. 4to, wraps. PLOSKI, HARRY A. and ERNEST KAISER, eds. AFRO USA: A Reference Wok on the Black Experience. New York: Bellwether Co., 1971. [x], 1110 pp., 14 b&w illus. of art and visual artists, bibliog., index. Massive encyclopedic reference work with small section (pp. 702-723) devoted to visual art. Includes entries on Charles Alston, Robert Bannister, Richmond Barthe, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, William Carter, Dana Chandler, Ernest Crichlow, Aaron Douglas, Robert Duncanson, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Alice Gafford, Sam Gilliam, Rose Green, David Hammons, William Harper, Isaac Hathaway, Hector Hill, Richard Hunt, May Howard Jackson, Jack Jordan, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Geraldine McCullough, Earl Miller, P'lla Mills, Joseph Overstreet, Horace Pippin, Augusta Savage, Vincent Smith, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Bob Thompson, Laura Wheeler Waring, Charles White, Jack Whitten, Beulah Woodard, and Hale Woodruff. The list of "Other Noted Negro Painters and Sculptors" includes: Benny Andrews, William E. Artis, Henry W. Bannarn, Eloise Bishop, Betty Blayton, Selma H. Burke, E. Simms Campbell, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Charles C. Dawson, Avel DeKnight, Joseph Delaney, William McKnight Farrow, Fred C. Flemister, Allan R. Freelon, Reginald Gammon, William Giles (?), Rex Gorleigh, Stephen Greene (white artist?), Edward A. Harleston, Palmer Hayden, Felrath Hines, Al Hollingsworth, Sargent C. Johnson, William H. Johnson, Ben Jones, Henry B. Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Larry Lewis, Norman Lewis, Tom Lloyd, Edward L. Loper, Leon Meeks, Archibald Motley, Marion Perkins, James A. Porter, Elizabeth Prophet, William Edouard Scott, Charles Sebree, Thelma Johnson Streat, James L. Wells, Jack White and John Wilson. Scipio Moorhead and Malcolm Bailey mentioned in passing. Large stout 4to, cloth. (First revised enlarged edition. (Previously pub. as Negro Almanac). PLOSKI, HARRY A., ed. The Negro Almanac: A Reference Work on the Afro-American. New York: A Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1983. 1550 pp. Includes essay on The Black Artist. Gylbert Coker cited as art consultant. Many misspellings. Artists mentioned include: Scipio Moorhead, James Porter, Eugene Warburg, Robert Duncanson, William H. Simpson, Edward M. Bannister, Joshua Johnston, Robert Douglass, David Bowser, Edmonia Lewis, Henry O. Tanner, William Harper, Dorothy Fannin, Meta Fuller, Archibald Motley, Palmer Hayden. Malvin Gray Johnson, Laura Waring, William E. Scott, Hughie Lee-Smith, Zell Ingram, Charles Sallee, Elmer Brown, William E. Smith, George Hulsinger, James Herring, Aaron Douglas, Augusta Savage, Charles Alston, Hale Woodruff, Charles White, Richmond Barthé, Malvin Gray Johnson, Henry Bannarn, Florence Purviance, Dox Thrash, Robert Blackburn, James Denmark, Dindga McCannon, Frank Wimberly, Ann Tanksley, Don Robertson, Lloyd Toones, Lois Jones, Jo Butler, Robert Threadgill, Faith Ringgold, Romare Bearden, Ernest Crichlow, Norman Lewis, Jimmy Mosley, Samella Lewis, F. L. Spellmon, Phillip Hampton, Venola Seals Jennings, Juanita Moulon, Eugene Jesse Brown, Hayward Oubré, Ademola Olugebefola, Otto Neals, Kay Brown, Jean Taylor, Genesis II, David Hammons, Senga Nengudi, Randy Williams, Howardena Pindell, Edward Spriggs, Beauford Delaney, James Vanderzee, Melvin Edwards, Vincent Smith, Alonzo Davis, Dale Davis, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Gordon Parks, Rex Goreleigh, William McBride, Jr., Eldzier Cortor, James Gittens, Joan Maynard. Kynaston McShine, Coker, Cheryl McClenney, Faith Weaver, Randy Williams, Florence Hardney, Dolores Wright, Cathy Chance, Lowery Sims, Richard Hunt, Roland Ayers, Frank Bowling, Marvin Brown, Walter Cade, Catti, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Manuel Hughes, Barkley Hendricks, Juan Logan, Alvin Loving, Tom Lloyd, Lloyd McNeill, Algernon Miller, Norma Morgan, Mavis Pusey, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Thomas Sills, Thelma Johnson Streat, Alma Thomas, John Torres, Todd Williams, Mahler Ryder, Minnie Evans, Jacob Lawrence, Haywood Rivers, Edward Clark, Camille Billops, Joe Overstreet, Louise Parks, Herbert Gentry, William Edmondson, James Parks, Marion Perkins, Bernard Goss, Reginald Gammon, Emma Amos, Charles Alston, Richard Mayhew, Al Hollingsworth, Calvin Douglass, Merton Simpson, Earl Miller, Felrath Hines, Perry Ferguson, William Majors, James Yeargans. Ruth Waddy; Evangeline Montgomery, Jeff Donaldson, Wadsworth Jarrell, Gerald Williams, Carolyn Lawrence, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Frank Smith, Howard Mallory, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Nelson Stevens, Vivian Browne, Kay Brown, William Harper, Isaac Hathaway, Julien Hudson, May Howard Jackson, Edmonia Lewis, Patrick Reason, William Simpson, A. B. Wilson, William Braxton, Allan Crite, Alice Gafford, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, William Artis, John Biggers, William Carter, Joseph Delaney, Elton Fax, Frederick Flemister, Ronald Joseph, Horace Pippin, Charles Sebree, Bill Traylor, Ellis Wilson, John Wilson, Starmanda Bullock, Dana Chandler, Raven Chanticleer, Roy DeCarava, John Dowell, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, Daniel Johnson, Geraldine McCullough, Earl Miller, Clarence Morgan, Norma Morgan, Skunder Boghossian, Bob Thompson, Clifton Webb, Jack Whitten. 4to, cloth. 4th ed. POWELL, RICHARD. African American Art. 2005. Entry in AFRICANA: The Encyclopeida of the African and African American Experience (Ed. Henry Louis Gates Jr. and Kwame Anthony Appiah. Oxford University Press; April 2005.) Includes mention of: Scipio Moorhead, Joshua Johnson, Patrick Reason, William Simpson, Robert Douglass, Daniel and Eugene Warburg, Edmonia Lewis, Robert S. Duncanson, Edward M. Bannister, William Harper, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Harriet Powers, Edwin A. Harleston, Isaac Scott Hathaway, May Howard Jackson, John Henry Adams, Jr., Meta Warrick Fuller, Palmer C. Hayden, Malvin Gray Johnson, Laura Wheeler Waring, Richmond Barthé, Sargent Johnson, Augusta Savage, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Allan Rohan Crite, Ernest Crichlow, Dox Thrash, William Edmondson, Jacob Lawrence, Horace Pippin, William H. Johnson, Charles Sebree, Eldzier Cortor, Hughie-Lee Smith, Charles White, Minnie Evans, James Hampton, Bob Thompson, Romare Bearden, Murry N. DePillars, Ben Jones, Dana Chandler, Jeff Donaldson, Lois Mailou Jones, John T. Biggers, Elizabeth Catlett, Frank Bowling, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Raymond Saunders, Alma Thomas, Al Loving, Ed Clark, Joe Overstreet, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams, Clementine Hunter, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Barkley L. Hendricks, Ernie Barnes, Benny Andrews, Betye Saar, (David Driskell, Samella Lewis and Ruth Waddy - as curators), David Hammons, Robert Colescott, Houston Conwill, Alison Saar, Renée Stout, Albert Chong, Lyle Ashton Harris, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Glenn Ligon, Lorna Simpson, Dawoud Bey, Renée Cox, Lorraine O'Grady, Kerry James Marshall, Howardena Pindell, Gary Simmons, Kara Walker, and Fred Wilson. POWELL, RICHARD J. Black Art and Culture in the 20th Century. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1997. 256 pp., 176 illus. (including 31 in color), biog. notes, list of illus., bibliog. 8vo, cloth, d.j. First ed. POWELL, RICHARD J. Black Art: A Cultural History. London: Thames & Hudson, 2002. 272 pp., 192 illus. including 39 in color, biog. notes, list of illus., index. Revised and slightly enlarged from 1997 edition. 8vo, wraps. Second Revised ed. POWELL, RICHARD J. Cutting a Figure: Fashioning Black Portraiture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008. 292 pp., 116 illus. (43 in color), notes, bibliog., index. Substantial chapter devoted to Barkley L. Hendricks; discussion of the self-portrait photographs of Lyle Ashton Harris and Renée Cox; extensive discussion of African American fashion model Donyale Luna, and brief mention of nearly 70 other African and African American artists. 8vo (25 x 23 cm.), cloth, d.j. First ed. PROVIDENCE (RI). Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design. Contemporary Black Artists. July 1-31, 1969. Unpag. (40 pp.), 33 b&w illus., checklist of 52 works, brief biogs., exhibs., colls., and exhib. checklist for each of the 34 artists. Introductions by Nina Kaiden Wright and Caroline S. Lerner. Includes: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Betty Blayton, Peter A. Bradley, George C. Carter, Floyd Coleman, Emilio Cruz, James Denmark, Avel DeKnight, Melvin Edwards, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Robert Gordon, Marvin Harden, Felrath Hines, Al Hollingsworth, Richard Hunt, Cliff Joseph, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Tom Lloyd, Richard Mayhew, Earl Miller, Robert Reid, Mahler B. Ryder, Betye Saar, Ray Saunders, Thomas Albert Sills, Russ Thompson, Lloyd Toone, Jack White, Ed Wilson. [A traveling exhibition that was very similar to the traveling show entitled 30 Contemporary Black Artists, 1968-69, with several artists omitted and approx. six artists added.) [Review: Alvin Hollingsworth, "Wealth of Expression in Black Artists", Rhode Island School of Design exhibition, Providence Sunday Journal, June 29, 1969.] 4to (11 x 8.5 in.), stapled black wraps, white lettering front and back covers. First ed. PROVO (UT). Museum of Art, Brigham Young University. Presage of Passage: Sculpture for a New Century. November 3, 1999-March 18, 2000. 61 pp. exhib. cat., illus. 3-person exhibition. Included: Richard Hunt. READING, LEE and GRETCHEN O'REILLY (producers). African-American Art: Past and Present (Video). Wilton (CT): Reading and O'Reilly, 1992. Survey of African American art. Over 65 artists represented. The program is divided into three sections: African Art, 18th and 19th Century Fine Art Survey, and 20th Century Fine Art Survey: In the Artist's Words. Part 1: The heritage of African Art, the Decorative Arts of Seagrass Basketry, Pottery, Quiltmaking, Shotgun Houses, Ironwork and the 18th and 19th Century Fine Art Survey with artists Joshua Johnson, Robert S. Duncanson, Edmonia Lewis, Edward Bannister and Henry Ossawa Tanner. Part 2: The 20th Century Fine Art Survey. Some of the painters, sculptors and photographers included are: Malvin Gray Johnson, Aaron Douglas, Hale Woodruff, William Henry Johnson, Archibald Motley Jr., Palmer Hayden, Sargent Johnson, Horace Pippin, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Selma Burke, Romare Bearden, Alma Thomas, Gordon Parks, Elizabeth Catlett, Faith Ringgold, Howardena Pindell, John Biggers, Bob Thompson, Jean Michel Basquiat, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Alison Saar, Beverly Buchanan, and David Hammons. Part 3: A continuation of the 20th Century Fine Art Survey plus In the Artists Words - ten artists and educators talk about their lives, philosophy and art. VHS-NTSC: color; sd; 90 min. (3 videocassettes) RICHMOND (VA). Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. GENERATIONS: African-American Art in the VMFA Collection. June 21-November 30, 2003. Group exhibition. Romare Bearden, Roy DeCarava, Frederick Eversley, Richard Hunt, A. B. Jackson, Jacob Lawrence, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, James VanDerZee, Carrie Mae Weems, and local artists Charles Baker, Alice Ivory, Walter A. Simon, and Benjamin Wigfall and a further group of artists called "Virginia Selections": Willie Cole, Sam Gilliam, Gregory A. Henry, Clayton Singleton, Renée Stout and Ken Wright. RIEDY, JAMES L. Chicago Sculpture. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1981. 339 pp., more than 300 b&w illus. by over 200 sculptors, maps, index. Mentions Richard Hunt, Geraldine McCullough, and Ramon Price. Locational index of public sculpture includes 9 Hunts, 1 McCullough, 1 Price. An important publication in its day. 4to, cloth, d.j. First edition. RIGGS, THOMAS, ed. St. James Guide to Black Artists. Detroit: St. James Press, 1997. xxiv, 625 pp., illus. A highly selective reference work listing only approximately 400 artists of African descent worldwide (including around 300 African American artists, approximately 20% women artists.) Illus. of work or photos of many artists, brief descriptive texts by well-known scholars, with selected list of exhibitions for each, plus many artists' statements. A noticeable absence of many artists under 45, most photographers, and many women artists. Far fewer artists listed here than in Igoe, Cederholm, or other sources. Stout 4to (29 cm.), laminated yellow papered boards. First ed. ROBERTSON, JACK. Twentieth-Century Artists on Art. An Index to Artists' Writings, Statements, and Interviews. Boston: G.K. Hall & Co., 1985. Useful reference work; includes numerous African American artists: Ron Adams, Charles Alston, Charlotte Amevor, Benny Andrews, Dorothy Atkins, Casper Banjo, Ellen Banks, Romare Bearden, Ed Bereal, Arthur Berry, John Biggers, Betty Blayton, Gloria Bohanon, Shirley Bolton, David Bradford, Arthur Britt, Frederick Brown, Kay Brown, Winifred Brown, Vivian Browne, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Cecil Burton, Sheryle Butler, Carole Byard, Arthur Carraway, Bernie Casey, Yvonne Catchings, Mitchell Caton, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Claude Clark Jr., Irene Clark, Donald Coles, Robert Colescott, Dan Concholar, Eldzier Cortor, Marva Cremer, Doris Crudup, Dewey Crumpler, Emilio Cruz, Samuel Curtis, William Curtis, Alonzo Davis, Bing Davis, Dale Davis, Roy DeCarava, Beauford Delaney, Brooks Dendy, Murry DePillars, Robert D'Hue, Kenneth Dickerson, Leo Dillon, Aaron Douglas, Emory Douglas, David Driskell, Eugenia Dunn, Annette Ensley, Eugene Eda, Melvin Edwards, Marion Epting, Minnie Evans, Frederick Eversley, Tom Feelings, Mikele Fletcher, Moses O. Fowowe, Miriam Francis, Ibibio Fundi, Alice Gafford, West Gale, Joseph Geran, Sam Gilliam, Robert Glover, Wilhelmina Godfrey, Rex Goreleigh, Robert H. Green, Donald O. Greene, Ron Griffin, Eugene Grigsby. Horathel Hall, Wes Hall, David Hammons, Philip Hampton, Marvin Harden, John T. Harris, William Harris, Kitty Hayden, Ben Hazard, Napoleon Jones-Henderson (as Henderson), William H. Henderson, Ernest Herbert, Leon Hicks, Candace Hill-Montgomery, Alfred Hinton, Al Hollingswoth, Earl Hooks, Raymond Howell, Margo Humphrey, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Suzanne Jackson, Walter Jackson, Rosalind Jeffries, Marie Johnson, Ben Jones, Laura Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Jack Jordan, Cliff Joseph, Gwendolyn Knight, Larry Compton Kolawole, Raymond Lark, Jacob Lawrence, Flora Lewis, James E. Lewis, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Tom Lloyd, Juan Logan, Willie Longshore, Ed Love, Al Loving, Philip Mason, Richard Mayhew, Valerie Maynard, Karl McIntosh, William McNeil, Yvonne Meo, Sam Middleton, Onnie Millar, Eva H. Miller, Sylvia Miller, Lev Mills, James Mitchell, Arthur Monroe, Evangeline Montgomery, Ron Moore, Norma Morgan, Jimmie Mosely, Otto Neals, Trudell Obey, Kermit Oliver, Haywood Oubré, John Outterbridge, Lorenzo Pace, William Pajaud, Denise Palm, James Parks, Angela Perkins, Howardena Pindell, Elliott Pinkney, Adrian Piper, Horace Pippin, Leslie Price, Noah Purifoy, Martin Puryear, Roscoe Reddix, Jerry Reed, Robert G. Reid, William Reid, John Rhoden, Gary Rickson, John Riddle, Faith Ringgold, Haywood Rivers, Lethia Robertson, Brenda Rogers, Charles D. Rogers, Bernard Rollins, Arthur Rose, John Russell, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Charles Shelton, Thomas Sills, Jewel Simon, Merton Simpson, Van Slater, Alfred James Smith, Arenzo Smith, Arthur Smith, Damballah Smith, George Smith, Howard Smith. Greg Sparks, Sharon Spencer, Nelson Stevens, James Tanner, Della Taylor, Rod Taylor, Evelyn Terry, Alma Thomas, James "Son Ford" Thomas, Bob Thompson. John Torres, Elaine Towns, Curtis Tucker, Yvonne Tucker, Charlene Tull, Leo Twiggs, Alfred Tyler, Anna Tyler, Bernard Upshur, Florestee Vance, Royce Vaughn, Ruth Waddy, Larry Walker, William Walker, Bobby Walls, Carole Ward, Pecolia Warner, Mary Washington, James Watkins, Roland Welton, Amos White, Charles White, Tim Whiten, Acquaetta Williams, Chester Williams, Daniel Williams, Laura Williams, William T. Williams, Luster Willis, Fred Wilson, John Wilson, Stanley Wilson, Bernard Wright, Richard Wyatt, Bernard Young, Charles Young, Milton Young. 4to, cloth. ROCHESTER (MI). Oakland University Art Gallery. Seminal Works from the N'Namdi Collection of African American Art. September 13-October 12, 2008. 100 pp., 42 color illus. Pref. by George N'Namdi; text by exhibition curator Dick Goody; artist entries by Monica Bowman. Includes: Charles H. Alston, Afro-Brazilian artist Emanoel Araujo, Romare Bearden, Chakaia Booker, Frank Bowling, Carol Ann Carter, Nanette Carter, Ed Clark, Robert Colescott, Beauford Delaney, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Rashid Johnson, Phyllis Dianne Jones, Artis Lane, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Al Loving, Richard Mayhew, Charles McGee, Allie McGhee, Tyrone Mitchell, Vicente Pimentel, Howardena Pindell, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, John T. Scott, Charles Searles, Vincent Smith, Bob Thompson, Jack Whitten, Bernard Williams, William T. Williams. 4to (30 cm.), wraps. ROCKFORD (IL). Burpee Center, Rockford College. Creativity and the Negro. April 3-7, 1965. Unpag. exhib. cat., illus. Group exhibition. Included: Romare Bearden, John T. Biggers, Richard Hunt, Richard Mahew, George Wright. 40 cm., wraps. ROELOF-LANNER, T.V., ed. and RUTH G. WADDY. Prints by American Negro Artists. Los Angeles: Cultural Exchange Center, 1965. Unpag. (ii, 112 pp.), 51 full page illus. in color and b&w, beautifully printed on recto only. Biogs. of most artists. Foreword by Rosemarie Von Studnitz; texts by James A. Porter, Ruth G. Waddy. Pictorial endpapers and title page illus. by Brumsic Brandon Jr. The 51 artists in the first edition included: Emma Amos, Ralph Arnold, Brumsic Brandon, Jr., Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Joyce Cadoo, Mel Carey, Yvonne Carter, Eugene Cheltenham, Floyd Coleman, Wm. Lawrence Compton, Eugenia Dunn, Charles Ferguson, Robert Glover, Hugh Harrell, Scotland Harris, Eugene Hawkins, Leroy Henderson, Leon Hicks, Alvin Hollingsworth, Richard Hunt, Wilmer James, Jack Jordan, Richard Kinney, Anderson Macklin, Geraldine McCullough, James McNeil, William McNeil, Yvonne Meo, Norma Morgan, Jimmie Lee Mosely, Alvin Pope, Mavis Pusey, Don Pyburn, John Riddle, Charles D. Rogers, Betye Saar, Ernest Satchell, Jewel W. Simon, Van Slater, Frank E. Smith, William E. Smith, Sylvia Snowden, Laura Soares, Ruth G. Waddy, James Lesesne Wells, Fred R. Wilson, John Wilson, William T. Williams, Charles Yates, and Heartwell Yeargans. [NOTE: The second expanded edition of 1967 contained 60 artists, adding images by: John T. Biggers, Sylvester Britton, David C. Driskell, Marion Epting, Milton Derr (as Johnson), Michael K. Perry, Harper T. Phillips, Sue Smock and David F. Stephens.] 4to (31 cm.), cloth, printed green and white paper labels on spine and front cover, d.j. SACRAMENTO (CA). Art Foundry Gallery. Bronze Works. June 11-September 5, 2009. Group exhibition. Included: Richard Hunt. SACRAMENTO (CA). E.B. Crocker Art Museum. African-American Art and Artifacts Featuring the Chris Webber Collection. January 24-March 9, 2003. Four-person exhibition. Included: Oliver Jackson, Richard Hunt, Romare Bearden, Erika Ranee, and Betye Saar. SACRAMENTO (CA). E.B. Crocker Art Museum. Celebrating Heritage: Art and the Chris Webber Collection. February 12-May 1, 2005. Group exhibition of African American art. Included: Romare Bearden, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Oliver Jackson, Joseph Yoakum, John Bankston, Mike Henderson, David Huffman, Dominique Moody, Raymond Saunders. SALZMAN, JACK, CORNEL WEST and DAVID LIONEL SMITH, eds. Encyclopedia of African American Culture and History. University of Michigan, 1996. 3203 pp. SAN FRANCISCO (CA). Hansen Library Foyer, E.B. Crocker Art Museum. Works on Paper by Black American Artists. 1992. Brochure with brief discussion and illus. of each artist. Included works by: Oliver Jackson, Raymond Saunders; Betye Saar, Richard Hunt, Roy DeCarava, Stephen Von Mason, Margo Humphrey. SAVANNAH (GA). Museum of Art, Savannah College of Art & Design [SCAD]. You Can't Desert the Muse: Focus on Recent Print Acquisitions. April 17-June 5, 2011. Group exhibition of 20 prints, most of which are by printmakers associated with Robert Blackburn's Printmaking Workshop, NY. Included: Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, SAVANNAH (GA). Savannah State University. Two and Three Dimensional Art. March 24-April 10, 2001. Group exhibition. Included: Edgar Sorrells-Adewale, Sammie Nicely, Malaika Favorite, Adrienne Hoard, Peggy Blood, Zoe Briscoe, Tosha Grantham, Larry Walker, Ron Bechet, David C. Driskell, Richard Hunt and Suzanne Jackson; outdoor sculpture by Jerome Meadows, Ayokunle Odeleye, John T. Scott and Richard Hunt. SOUTH BEND (IN). Snite Museum of Art, University of Notre Dame. Works on Paper by African American Artists. January 14-February 25, 2007. Group exhibition. Included: Richard Hunt, Debra Muirhead, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold, Lorna Simpson, and Vincent Smith. SPRADLING, MARY MACE. In Black and White: Afro-Americans in Print. Kalamazoo: Kalamazoo Public Library, 1980. 2 vols. 1089 pp. Includes: John H. Adams, Ron Adams, Alonzo Aden, Muhammad Ali, Baba Alabi Alinya, Charles Alston, Charlotte Amevor, Benny Andrews, Ralph Arnold, William Artis, Ellsworth Ausby, Jacqueline Ayer, Calvin Bailey, Jene Ballentine, Casper Banjo, Henry Bannarn, Edward Bannister, Dutreuil Barjon, Ernie Barnes, Carolyn Plaskett Barrow, Richmond Barthé, Beatrice Bassette, Ad Bates, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Roberta Bell, Cleveland Bellow, Ed Bereal, Arthur Berry, DeVoice Berry, Cynthia Bethune, Charles Bible, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Irving Blaney, Bessie Blount, Gloria Bohanon, Leslie Bolling, Shirley Bolton, Charles Bonner, Michael Borders, John Borican, Earl Bostic, Augustus Bowen, David Bowser, David Bradford, Edward Brandford, Brumsic Brandon, William Braxton, Arthur Britt Sr., Benjamin Britt, Sylvester Britton, Elmer Brown, Fred Brown, Kay Brown, Margery Brown, Richard L. Brown, Samuel Brown, Vivian E. Browne, Henry Brownlee, Linda Bryant, Starmanda Bullock, Juana Burke, Selma Burke, Eugene Burkes, Viola Burley, Calvin Burnett, John Burr, Margaret Burroughs, Nathaniel Bustion, Sheryle Butler, Elmer Simms Campbell, Thomas Cannon, Nick Canyon, Edward Carr, Art Carraway, Ted Carroll, Joseph S. Carter, William Carter, Catti, George Washington Carver, Yvonne Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Mitchell Caton, Dana Chandler, Kitty Chavis, George Clack, Claude Clark, Ed Clark, J. Henrik Clarke, Leroy Clarke, Ladybird Cleveland, Floyd Coleman, Donald Coles, Margaret Collins, Paul Collins, Sam Collins, Dan Concholar, Arthur Coppedge, Wallace X. Conway, Leonard Cooper, William A. Cooper, Art Coppedge, Eldzier Cortor, Samuel Countee, Harold Cousins, William Craft, Cleo Crawford, Marva Cremer, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Crite, Jerrolyn Crooks, Harvey Cropper, Doris Crudup, Robert Crump, Dewey Crumpler, Frank E. Cummings, William Curtis, Mary Reed Daniel, Alonzo Davis, Charles Davis, Willis "Bing" Davis, Dale Davis, Charles C. Dawson, Juette Day, Thomas Day, Roy DeCarava, Paul DeCroom, Avel DeKnight, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Richard Dempsey, Murry DePillars, Robert D'Hue, Kenneth Dickerson, Leo Dillon, Raymond Dobard, Vernon Dobard, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Emory Douglas, Robert Douglass, Glanton Dowdell, David Driskell, Yolande Du Bois, Robert Duncanson, Eugenia Dunn, John Dunn, Adolphus Ealey, Eugene Eda, Melvin Edwards, Gaye Elliington, Annette Ensley, Marion Epting, Minnie Evans, Frederick Eversley, James Fairfax, Kenneth Falana, Allen Fannin, John Farrar, William Farrow, Elton Fax, Muriel Feelings, Tom Feelings, Frederick Flemister, Mikelle Fletcher, Curt Flood, Thomas Floyd, Doyle Foreman, Mozelle Forte (costume and fabric designer), Amos Fortune, Mrs. C.R. Foster, Inez Fourcard (as Fourchard), John Francis, Miriam Francis, Allan Freelon, Meta Warrick Fuller, Stephany Fuller, Gale Fulton-Ross, Ibibio Fundi, Alice Gafford, Otis Galbreath, West Gale, Reginald Gammon, Jim Gary, Herbert Gentry, Joseph Geran, Jimmy Gibbez, Sam Gilliam, Robert Glover, Manuel Gomez, Russell Gordon, Rex Goreleigh, Bernard Goss, Samuel Green, William Green, Donald Greene, Joseph Grey, Ron Griffin, Eugene Grigsby, Henry Gudgell, Charles Haines, Clifford Hall, Horathel Hall, Wesley Hall, David Hammons, James Hampton, Phillip Hampton, Lorraine Hansberry, Marvin Harden, Arthur Hardie, Inge Hardison, John Hardrick, Edwin Harleston, William A. Harper, Gilbert Harris, John Harris, Maren Hassinger, Isaac Hathaway, Frank Hayden, Kitty Hayden, Palmer Hayden, Vertis Hayes, Wilbur Haynie, Dion Henderson, Ernest Herbert, Leon Hicks, Hector Hill, Tony Hill, Geoffrey Holder, Al Hollingsworth, Varnette Honeywood, Earl Hooks, Humbert Howard, James Howard, Raymond Howell, Julien Hudson, Manuel Hughes, Margo Humphrey, Thomas Hunster, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Norman Hunter, Orville Hurt, Bill Hutson, Nell Ingram, Tanya Izanhour, Ambrose Jackson, Earl Jackson, May Jackson, Nigel Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Walter Jackson, Louise Jefferson, Ted Joans, Daniel Johnson, Lester L. Johnson, Jr., Malvin Gray Johnson, Marie Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Barbara Jones, Ben Jones, Calvin Jones, Frederick D. Jones Jr., James Arlington Jones, Lawrence Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Eddie Jack Jordan, Ronald Joseph, Lemuel Joyner, Paul Keene, Elyse J. Kennart, Joseph Kersey, Gwendolyn Knight, Lawrence Compton Kolawole, Oliver LaGrone, Artis Lane, Doyle Lane, Raymond Lark, Lewis H. Latimer, Jacob Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Bertina Lee, Joanna Lee, Peter Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Leon Leonard, Curtis Lewis, Edmonia Lewis, James Edward Lewis, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Charles Lilly, Henri Linton, Jules Lion, Romeyn Lippman, Tom Lloyd, Jon Lockard, Juan Logan, Willie Longshore, Ed Loper, Ed Love, Al Loving, Geraldine McCullough, Lawrence McGaugh, Charles McGee, Donald McIlvaine, James McMillan, William McNeil, Lloyd McNeill, David Mann, William Marshall, Helen Mason, Philip Mason, Winifred Mason, Calvin Massey, Lester (Nathan) Mathews, William Maxwell, Richard Mayhew, Valerie Maynard, Yvonne Meo, Sam Middleton, Onnie Millar, Aaron Miller, Eva Miller, Lev Mills, P'lla Mills, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Arthur Monroe, Frank Moore, Ron Moore, Scipio Moorhead, Norma Morgan, Ken Morris, Calvin Morrison, Jimmie Mosely, Leo Moss, Lottie Moss, Archibald Motley, Hugh Mulzac, Frank Neal, George Neal, Otto Neals, Shirley Nero, Effie Newsome, Nommo, George Norman, Georg Olden, Ademola Olugebefola, Conora O'Neal (fashion designer), Cora O'Neal, Lula O'Neal, Pearl O'Neal, Ron O'Neal, Hayward Oubré, John Outterbridge, Carl Owens, Lorenzo Pace, Alvin Paige, Robert Paige, William Pajaud, Denise Palm, Norman Parish, Jules Parker, James Parks, Edgar Patience, Angela Perkins, Marion Perkins, Michael Perry, Jacqueline Peters, Douglas Phillips, Harper Phillips, Delilah Pierce, Howardena Pindell, Horace Pippin, Julie Ponceau, James Porter, Leslie Price, Ramon Price, Nelson Primus, Nancy Prophet, Noah Purifoy, Teodoro Ramos Blanco y Penita, Otis Rathel, Patrick Reason, William Reid, John Rhoden, Barbara Chase-Riboud, William Richmond, Percy Ricks, Gary Rickson, John Riddle, Gregory Ridley, Faith Ringgold, Malkia Roberts, Brenda Rogers, Charles Rogers, George Rogers, Arthur Rose, Nancy Rowland, Winfred Russell, Mahler Ryder, Betye Saar, Charles Sallee, Marion Sampler, John Sanders, Walter Sanford, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Thomas Sills, Carroll Simms, Jewel Simon, Walter Simon, Merton Simpson, William H. Simpson, Louis Slaughter, Gwen Small, Albert A. Smith, Alvin Smith, Hughie Lee-Smith, John Henry Smith, Jacob Lawrence, John Steptoe, Nelson Stevens, Edward Stidum, Elmer C. Stoner, Lou Stovall, Henry O. Tanner, Ralph Tate, Betty Blayton Taylor, Della Taylor, Bernita Temple, Herbert Temple, Alma Thomas, Elaine Thomas, Larry Thomas, Carolyn Thompson, Lovett Thompson, Mildred Thompson, Mozelle Thompson, Robert (Bob) Thompson, Dox Thrash, Neptune Thurston, John Torres, Nat Turner, Leo Twiggs, Bernard Upshur, Royce Vaughn, Ruth Waddy, Anthony Walker, Earl Walker, Larry Walker, William Walker, Daniel Warburg, Eugene Warburg, Carole Ward, Laura Waring, Mary P. Washington, James Watkins, Lawrence Watson, Edward Webster, Allen A. Weeks, Robert Weil, James Wells, Pheoris West, Sarah West, John Weston, Delores Wharton, Amos White, Charles White, Garrett Whyte, Alfredus Williams, Chester Williams, Douglas R. Williams, Laura Williams, Matthew Williams, Morris Williams, Peter Williams, Rosetta Williams (as Rosita), Walter Williams, William T. Williams, Ed Wilson, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, John Wilson, Stanley Wilson, Vincent Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Bernard Wright, Charles Young, Kenneth Young, Milton Young. [Note the 3rd edition consists of two volumes published by Gale Research in 1980, with a third supplemental volume issued in 1985.] Large stout 4tos, red cloth. 3rd revised expanded edition. ST LOUIS (MO). St. Louis Public Library. An index to Black American artists. St. Louis: St. Louis Public Library, 1972. 50 pp. Also includes art historians such as Henri Ghent. In this database, only artists are cross-referenced. 4to (28 cm.) TERRE HAUTE (IN). Swope Art Museum. African American Images and Artists from the Swope Collection. January 13-March 21, 2009. Group exhibition with a half dozen African American artists included: Angie Bellinger, John E. Dowell, Jr., Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, William Edouard Scott and Thom Shaw. THOMISON, DENNIS. The Black Artist in America: An Index to Reproductions. Metuchen: Scarecrow Press, 1991. Includes: index to Black artists, bibliography (including doctoral dissertations and audiovisual materials.) Many of the dozens of spelling errors and incomplete names have been corrected in this entry and names of known white artists omitted from our entry, but errors may still exist in this entry, so beware: Jesse Aaron, Charles Abramson, Maria Adair, Lauren Adam, Ovid P. Adams, Ron Adams, Terry Adkins, (Jonathan) Ta Coumba T. Aiken, Jacques Akins, Lawrence E. Alexander, Tina Allen, Pauline Alley-Barnes, Charles Alston, Frank Alston, Charlotte Amevor, Emma Amos (Levine), Allie Anderson, Benny Andrews, Edmund Minor Archer, Pastor Argudin y Pedroso [as Y. Pedroso Argudin], Anna Arnold, Ralph Arnold, William Artis, Kwasi Seitu Asante [as Kwai Seitu Asantey], Steve Ashby, Rose Auld, Ellsworth Ausby, Henry Avery, Charles Axt, Roland Ayers, Annabelle Bacot, Calvin Bailey, Herman Kofi Bailey, Malcolm Bailey, Annabelle Baker, E. Loretta Ballard, Jene Ballentine, Casper Banjo, Bill Banks, Ellen Banks, John W. Banks, Henry Bannarn, Edward Bannister, Curtis R. Barnes, Ernie Barnes, James MacDonald Barnsley, Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Daniel Carter Beard, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Falcon Beazer, Arthello Beck, Sherman Beck, Cleveland Bellow, Gwendolyn Bennett, Herbert Bennett, Ed Bereal, Arthur Berry, Devoice Berry, Ben Bey, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Eloise Bishop, Robert Blackburn, Tarleton Blackwell, Lamont K. Bland, Betty Blayton, Gloria Bohanon, Hawkins Bolden, Leslie Bolling, Shirley Bolton, Higgins Bond, Erma Booker, Michael Borders, Ronald Boutte, Siras Bowens, Lynn Bowers, Frank Bowling, David Bustill Bowser, David Patterson Boyd, David Bradford, Harold Bradford, Peter Bradley, Fred Bragg, Winston Branch, Brumsic Brandon, James Brantley, William Braxton, Bruce Brice, Arthur Britt, James Britton, Sylvester Britton, Moe Brooker, Bernard Brooks, Mable Brooks, Oraston Brooks-el, David Scott Brown, Elmer Brown, Fred Brown, Frederick Brown, Grafton Brown, James Andrew Brown, Joshua Brown, Kay Brown, Marvin Brown, Richard Brown, Samuel Brown, Vivian Browne, Henry Brownlee, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Arlene Burke-Morgan, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Cecil Burton, Charles Burwell, Nathaniel Bustion, David Butler, Carole Byard, Albert Byrd, Walter Cade, Joyce Cadoo, Bernard Cameron, Simms Campbell, Frederick Campbell, Thomas Cannon (as Canon), Nicholas Canyon, John Carlis, Arthur Carraway, Albert Carter, Allen Carter, George Carter, Grant Carter, Ivy Carter, Keithen Carter, Robert Carter, William Carter, Yvonne Carter, George Washington Carver, Bernard Casey, Yvonne Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Frances Catlett, Mitchell Caton, Catti, Charlotte Chambless, Dana Chandler, John Chandler, Robin Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Kitty Chavis, Edward Christmas, Petra Cintron, George Clack, Claude Clark Sr., Claude Lockhart Clark, Edward Clark, Irene Clark, LeRoy Clarke, Pauline Clay, Denise Cobb, Gylbert Coker, Marion Elizabeth Cole, Archie Coleman, Floyd Coleman, Donald Coles, Robert Colescott, Carolyn Collins, Paul Collins, Richard Collins, Samuel Collins, Don Concholar, Wallace Conway, Houston Conwill, William A. Cooper, Arthur Coppedge, Jean Cornwell, Eldzier Cortor, Samuel Countee, Harold Cousins, Cleo Crawford, Marva Cremer, Ernest Crichlow, Norma Criss, Allan Rohan Crite, Harvey Cropper, Geraldine Crossland, Rushie Croxton, Doris Crudup, Dewey Crumpler, Emilio Cruz, Charles Cullen (White artist), Vince Cullers, Michael Cummings, Urania Cummings, DeVon Cunningham, Samuel Curtis, William Curtis, Artis Dameron, Mary Reed Daniel, Aaron Darling, Alonzo Davis, Bing Davis, Charles Davis, Dale Davis, Rachel Davis, Theresa Davis, Ulysses Davis, Walter Lewis Davis, Charles C. Davis, William Dawson, Juette Day, Roy DeCarava, Avel DeKnight, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Nadine Delawrence, Louis Delsarte, Richard Dempsey, J. Brooks Dendy, III (as Brooks Dendy), James Denmark, Murry DePillars, Joseph DeVillis, Robert D'Hue, Kenneth Dickerson, Voris Dickerson, Charles Dickson, Frank Dillon, Leo Dillon, Robert Dilworth, James Donaldson, Jeff Donaldson, Lillian Dorsey, William Dorsey, Aaron Douglas, Emory Douglas, Calvin Douglass, Glanton Dowdell, John Dowell, Sam Doyle, David Driskell, Ulric S. Dunbar, Robert Duncanson, Eugenia Dunn, John Morris Dunn, Edward Dwight, Adolphus Ealey, Lawrence Edelin, William Edmondson, Anthony Edwards, Melvin Edwards, Eugene Eda [as Edy], John Elder, Maurice Ellison, Walter Ellison, Mae Engron, Annette Easley, Marion Epting, Melvyn Ettrick (as Melvin), Clifford Eubanks, Minnie Evans, Darrell Evers, Frederick Eversley, Cyril Fabio, James Fairfax, Kenneth Falana, Josephus Farmer, John Farrar, William Farrow, Malaika Favorite, Elton Fax, Tom Feelings, Claude Ferguson, Violet Fields, Lawrence Fisher, Thomas Flanagan, Walter Flax, Frederick Flemister, Mikelle Fletcher, Curt Flood, Batunde Folayemi, George Ford, Doyle Foreman, Leroy Foster, Walker Foster, John Francis, Richard Franklin, Ernest Frazier, Allan Freelon, Gloria Freeman, Pam Friday, John Fudge, Meta Fuller, Ibibio Fundi, Ramon Gabriel, Alice Gafford, West Gale, George Gamble, Reginald Gammon, Christine Gant, Jim Gary, Adolphus Garrett, Leroy Gaskin, Lamerol A. Gatewood, Herbert Gentry, Joseph Geran, Ezekiel Gibbs, William Giles, Sam Gilliam, Robert Glover, William Golding, Paul Goodnight, Erma Gordon, L. T. Gordon, Robert Gordon, Russell Gordon, Rex Goreleigh, Bernard Goss, Joe Grant, Oscar Graves, Todd Gray, Annabelle Green, James Green, Jonathan Green, Robert Green, Donald Greene, Michael Greene, Joseph Grey, Charles Ron Griffin, Eugene Grigsby, Raymond Grist, Michael Gude, Ethel Guest, John Hailstalk, Charles Haines, Horathel Hall, Karl Hall, Wesley Hall, Edward Hamilton, Eva Hamlin-Miller, David Hammons, James Hampton, Phillip Hampton, Marvin Harden, Inge Hardison, John Hardrick, Edwin Harleston, William Harper, Hugh Harrell, Oliver Harrington, Gilbert Harris, Hollon Harris, John Harris, Scotland J. B. Harris, Warren Harris, Bessie Harvey, Maren Hassinger, Cynthia Hawkins (as Thelma), William Hawkins, Frank Hayden, Kitty Hayden, Palmer Hayden, William Hayden, Vertis Hayes, Anthony Haynes, Wilbur Haynie, Benjamin Hazard, June Hector, Dion Henderson, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, William Henderson, Barkley Hendricks, Gregory A. Henry, Robert Henry, Ernest Herbert, James Herring, Mark Hewitt, Leon Hicks, Renalda Higgins, Hector Hill, Felrath Hines, Alfred Hinton, Tim Hinton, Adrienne Hoard, Irwin Hoffman, Raymond Holbert, Geoffrey Holder, Robin Holder, Lonnie Holley, Alvin Hollingsworth, Eddie Holmes, Varnette Honeywood, Earl J. Hooks, Ray Horner, Paul Houzell, Helena Howard, Humbert Howard, John Howard, Mildred Howard, Raymond Howell, William Howell, Calvin Hubbard, Henry Hudson, Julien Hudson, James Huff, Manuel Hughes, Margo Humphrey, Raymond Hunt, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Elliott Hunter, Arnold Hurley, Bill Hutson, Zell Ingram, Sue Irons, A. B. Jackson, Gerald Jackson, Harlan Jackson, Hiram Jackson, May Jackson, Oliver Jackson, Robert Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Walter Jackson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Bob James, Wadsworth Jarrell, Jasmin Joseph [as Joseph Jasmin], Archie Jefferson, Rosalind Jeffries, Noah Jemison, Barbara Fudge Jenkins, Florian Jenkins, Chester Jennings, Venola Jennings, Wilmer Jennings, Georgia Jessup, Johana, Daniel Johnson, Edith Johnson, Harvey Johnson, Herbert Johnson, Jeanne Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Milton Derr (as Milton Johnson), Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Ben Jones, Calvin Jones, Dorcas Jones, Frank A. Jones, Frederick D. Jones, Jr. (as Frederic Jones), Henry B. Jones, Johnny Jones, Lawrence Arthur Jones, Leon Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Nathan Jones, Tonnie Jones, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Jack Jordan, Cliff Joseph, Ronald Joseph, Lemuel Joyner, Edward Judie, Michael Kabu, Arthur Kaufman, Charles Keck, Paul Keene, John Kendrick, Harriet Kennedy, Leon Kennedy, Joseph Kersey; Virginia Kiah, Henri King, James King, Gwendolyn Knight, Robert Knight, Lawrence Kolawole, Brenda Lacy, (Laura) Jean Lacy, Roy LaGrone, Artis Lane, Doyle Lane, Raymond Lark, Carolyn Lawrence, Jacob Lawrence, James Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Louis LeBlanc, James Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Lizetta LeFalle-Collins, Leon Leonard, Bruce LeVert, Edmonia Lewis, Edwin E. Lewis, Flora Lewis, James E. Lewis, Norman Lewis, Roy Lewis, Samella Lewis, Elba Lightfoot, Charles Lilly [as Lily], Arturo Lindsay, Henry Linton, Jules Lion, James Little, Marcia Lloyd, Tom Lloyd, Jon Lockard, Donald Locke, Lionel Lofton, Juan Logan, Bert Long, Willie Longshore, Edward Loper, Francisco Lord, Jesse Lott, Edward Love, Nina Lovelace, Whitfield Lovell, Alvin Loving, Ramon Loy, William Luckett, John Lutz, Don McAllister, Theadius McCall, Dindga McCannon, Edward McCluney, Jesse McCowan, Sam McCrary, Geraldine McCullough, Lawrence McGaugh, Charles McGee, Donald McIlvaine, Karl McIntosh, Joseph Mack, Edward McKay, Thomas McKinney, Alexander McMath, Robert McMillon, William McNeil, Lloyd McNeill, Clarence Major, William Majors, David Mann, Ulysses Marshall, Phillip Lindsay Mason, Lester Mathews, Sharon Matthews, William (Bill) Maxwell, Gordon Mayes, Marietta Mayes, Richard Mayhew, Valerie Maynard, Victoria Meek, Leon Meeks, Yvonne Meo, Helga Meyer, Gaston Micheaux, Charles Mickens, Samuel Middleton, Onnie Millar, Aaron Miller, Algernon Miller, Don Miller, Earl Miller, Eva Hamlin Miller, Guy Miller, Julia Miller, Charles Milles, Armsted Mills, Edward Mills, Lev Mills, Priscilla Mills (P'lla), Carol Mitchell, Corinne Mitchell, Tyrone Mitchell, Arthur Monroe, Elizabeth Montgomery, Ronald Moody, Ted Moody, Frank Moore, Ron Moore, Sabra Moore, Theophilus Moore, William Moore, Leedell Moorehead, Scipio Moorhead, Clarence Morgan, Norma Morgan, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Patricia Morris, Keith Morrison, Lee Jack Morton, Jimmie Mosely, David Mosley, Lottie Moss, Archibald Motley, Hugh Mulzac, Betty Murchison, J. B. Murry, Teixera Nash, Inez Nathaniel, Frank Neal, George Neal, Jerome Neal, Robert Neal, Otto Neals, Robert Newsome, James Newton, Rochelle Nicholas, John Nichols, Isaac Nommo, Oliver Nowlin, Trudell Obey, Constance Okwumabua, Osira Olatunde, Kermit Oliver, Yaounde Olu, Ademola Olugebefola, Mary O'Neal, Haywood Oubré, Simon Outlaw, John Outterbridge, Joseph Overstreet, Carl Owens, Winnie Owens-Hart, Lorenzo Pace, William Pajaud, Denise Palm, James Pappas, Christopher Parks, James Parks, Louise Parks, Vera Parks, Oliver Parson, James Pate, Edgar Patience, John Payne, Leslie Payne, Sandra Peck, Alberto Pena, Angela Perkins, Marion Perkins, Michael Perry, Bertrand Phillips, Charles James Phillips, Harper Phillips, Ted Phillips, Delilah Pierce, Elijah Pierce, Harold Pierce, Anderson Pigatt, Stanley Pinckney, Howardena Pindell, Elliott Pinkney, Jerry Pinkney, Robert Pious, Adrian Piper, Horace Pippin, Betty Pitts, Stephanie Pogue, Naomi Polk, Charles Porter, James Porter, Georgette Powell, Judson Powell, Richard Powell, Daniel Pressley, Leslie Price, Ramon Price, Nelson Primus, Arnold Prince, E. (Evelyn?) Proctor, Nancy Prophet, Ronnie Prosser, William Pryor, Noah Purifoy, Florence Purviance, Martin Puryear, Mavis Pusey, Teodoro Ramos Blanco y Penita, Helen Ramsaran, Joseph Randolph; Thomas Range, Frank Rawlings, Jennifer Ray, Maxine Raysor, Patrick Reason, Roscoe Reddix, Junius Redwood, James Reed, Jerry Reed, Donald Reid, O. Richard Reid, Robert Reid, Leon Renfro, John Rhoden, Ben Richardson, Earle Richardson, Enid Richardson, Gary Rickson, John Riddle, Gregory Ridley, Faith Ringgold, Haywood Rivers, Arthur Roach, Malkia Roberts, Royal Robertson, Aminah Robinson, Charles Robinson, John N. Robinson, Peter L. Robinson, Brenda Rogers, Charles Rogers, Herbert Rogers, Juanita Rogers, Sultan Rogers, Bernard Rollins, Henry Rollins, Arthur Rose, Charles Ross, James Ross, Nellie Mae Rowe, Sandra Rowe, Nancy Rowland, Winfred Russsell, Mahler Ryder, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Charles Sallee, JoeSam., Marion Sampler, Bert Samples, Juan Sanchez, Eve Sandler, Walter Sanford, Floyd Sapp, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, Ann Sawyer, Sydney Schenck, Vivian Schuyler Key, John Scott (Johnny) , John Tarrell Scott, Joyce Scott, William Scott, Charles Searles, Charles Sebree, Bernard Sepyo, Bennie Settles, Franklin Shands, Frank Sharpe, Christopher Shelton, Milton Sherrill, Thomas Sills, Gloria Simmons, Carroll Simms, Jewell Simon, Walter Simon, Coreen Simpson, Ken Simpson, Merton Simpson, William Simpson, Michael Singletary (as Singletry), Nathaniel Sirles, Margaret Slade (Kelley), Van Slater, Louis Sloan, Albert A. Smith, Alfred J. Smith, Alvin Smith, Arenzo Smith, Damballah Dolphus Smith, Floyd Smith, Frank Smith, George Smith, Howard Smith, John Henry Smith, Marvin Smith, Mary T. Smith, Sue Jane Smith, Vincent Smith, William Smith, Zenobia Smith, Rufus Snoddy, Sylvia Snowden, Carroll Sockwell, Ben Solowey, Edgar Sorrells, Georgia Speller, Henry Speller, Shirley Stark, David Stephens, Lewis Stephens, Walter Stephens, Erik Stephenson, Nelson Stevens, Mary Stewart, Renée Stout, Edith Strange, Thelma Streat, Richard Stroud, Dennis Stroy, Charles Suggs, Sharon Sulton, Johnnie Swearingen, Earle Sweeting, Roderick Sykes, Clarence Talley, Ann Tanksley, Henry O. Tanner, James Tanner, Ralph Tate, Carlton Taylor, Cecil Taylor, Janet Taylor Pickett, Lawrence Taylor, William (Bill) Taylor, Herbert Temple, Emerson Terry, Evelyn Terry, Freida Tesfagiorgis, Alma Thomas, Charles Thomas, James "Son Ford" Thomas, Larry Erskine Thomas, Matthew Thomas, Roy Thomas, William Thomas (a.k.a. Juba Solo), Conrad Thompson, Lovett Thompson, Mildred Thompson, Phyllis Thompson, Bob Thompson, Russ Thompson, Dox Thrash, Mose Tolliver, William Tolliver, Lloyd Toone, John Torres, Elaine Towns, Bill Traylor, Charles Tucker, Clive Tucker, Yvonne Edwards Tucker, Charlene Tull, Donald Turner, Leo Twiggs, Alfred Tyler, Anna Tyler, Barbara Tyson Mosley, Bernard Upshur, Jon Urquhart, Florestee Vance, Ernest Varner, Royce Vaughn, George Victory, Harry Vital, Ruth Waddy, Annie Walker, Charles Walker, Clinton Walker, Earl Walker, Lawrence Walker, Raymond Walker [a.k.a. Bo Walker], William Walker, Bobby Walls, Daniel Warburg, Eugene Warburg, Denise Ward-Brown, Evelyn Ware, Laura Waring, Masood Ali Warren, Horace Washington, James Washington, Mary Washington, Timothy Washington, Richard Waters, James Watkins, Curtis Watson, Howard Watson, Willard Watson, Richard Waytt, Claude Weaver, Stephanie Weaver, Clifton Webb, Derek Webster, Edward Webster, Albert Wells, James Wells, Roland Welton, Barbara Wesson, Pheoris West, Lamonte Westmoreland, Charles White, Cynthia White, Franklin White, George White, J. Philip White, Jack White (sculptor), Jack White (painter), John Whitmore, Jack Whitten, Garrett Whyte, Benjamin Wigfall, Bertie Wiggs, Deborah Wilkins, Timothy Wilkins, Billy Dee Williams, Chester Williams, Douglas Williams, Frank Williams, George Williams, Gerald Williams, Jerome Williams, Jose Williams, Laura Williams, Matthew Williams, Michael K. Williams, Pat Ward Williams, Randy Williams, Roy Lee Williams, Todd Williams, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, Yvonne Williams, Philemona Williamson, Stan Williamson, Luster Willis, A. B. Wilson, Edward Wilson, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, George Wilson, Henry Wilson, John Wilson, Stanley C. Wilson, Linda Windle, Eugene Winslow, Vernon Winslow, Cedric Winters, Viola Wood, Hale Woodruff, Roosevelt Woods, Shirley Woodson, Beulah Woodard, Bernard Wright, Dmitri Wright, Estella Viola Wright, George Wright, Richard Wyatt, Frank Wyley, Richard Yarde, James Yeargans, Joseph Yoakum, Bernard Young, Charles Young, Clarence Young, Kenneth Young, Milton Young. TRENTON (NJ). New Jersey State Museum. In Celebration: Six Black Americans. January 26-March 30, 1980. Unpag. (22 pp.) exhib. cat., color illus. Text by Carroll Greene, Jr. Artists include: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Betye Saar. 4to, wraps. First ed. TRENTON (NJ). New Jersey State Museum. Twentieth-Century Minority Art Collection. November 1, 1986-January, 1987. Group exhibition. Included: Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Gordon Parks, Horace Pippin, Bob Thompson. TUSCALOOSA (AL). Paul R. Jones Gallery, University of Alabama. Wavelengths: Abstract Selections from the Paul R. Jones Collection. April 5-May 5, 2012. Group exhibition. Curated by Bridget Cooks. Included: John Feagin, Sam Gilliam, Robert Johnson, Hans Bhalla, Roy DeCarava, Nanette Carter, Richard Hunt, Michael Kavanaugh Perry, Mary Martin and Aimee Miller. VIRGINIA BEACH (VA). Contemporary Art Center of Virginia. GENERATIONS: African-American Art in the VMFA Collection. January 19-March 12, 2006. Group exhibition. Included: Charles Ewert Baker, Romare Bearden, Willie Cole, Roy DeCarava, Frederick Eversley, Sam Gilliam, Gregory A. Henry, Richard Hunt, Alice Ivory, Alexander Brooks Jackson, Jr., Jacob Lawrence, Alison Saar, Walter A. Simon, Clayton Singleton, Renée Stout, James Vanderzee, Carrie Mae Weems, Benjamin Wigfall, Ken Wright. WALLACE, MICHELE. Invisibility Blues, From Pop to Theory. New York: Verso, 1990. 267 pp., index. Important critical essays in black feminist cultural criticism. Numerous artists, filmmakers, politicians, musicians and issues in historical and contemporary culture from the civil rights movement to the end of the 80s. Artists mentioned include: Benny Andrews, Malcolm C. W. Bailey, Josephine Baker, Amiri Baraka, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Vivian Browne, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Melvin Edwards, David Hammons, Richard Hunt, Daniel L. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Issac Julien, K.O.S., Jacob Lawrence, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Vincent Smith, Carrie Mae Weems. 4to, black cloth, lettered in silver, dust jacket. First ed. WASHINGTON (DC). American Art Museum, Smithsonian Institution. African American Art: Harlem Renaissance, Civil Rights Era and Beyond. April 27-September 3, 2012. 256 pp. exhib. cat., color and b&w illus. Text by Richard J. Powell, with catalogue entries by Virginia Mecklenburg, Theresa Slowik and Maricia Battle. Curated by Virginia Mecklenburg. A selection of paintings, sculpture, prints, and photographs by forty-three black artists who explored the African American experience from the Harlem Renaissance through the Civil Rights era and the decades beyond. [Traveling to: Muscarelle Museum of Art, The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA, September 28, 2012-January 6, 2013; Mennello Museum of American Art, Orlando, FL, February 1-April 28, 2013; Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA, June 1-September 2, 2013; Hunter Museum of American Art, Chattanooga, TN, February 14-May 25, 2014; Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento, CA, June 28-September 21, 2014; Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse, NY, October 18, 2014-January 4, 2015.] 4to (12.3 x 10.3 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed. WASHINGTON (DC). Anacostia Museum and Center for African American History and Culture. Two Sculptors, Two Eras: Richmond Barthé, Richard Hunt. December 20, 1992-February 28, 1993. 59 pp. exhib. cat., 59 b&w illus. (including installation photos of selected public works), checklist of 36 works (18 sculptures by each artist), biogs., exhibs., colls., commissions. Curated and text by Samella Lewis. Two important African American sculptors, generally perceived to be at opposite ends of the figurative/abstract aesthetic spectrum. Interesting similarities emerge just from the image comparisons alone. Important catalogue. [Exhibition reviews: David Ebony, Richmond Barthé, Richard Hunt at the Anacostia Museum," Art in America 81 (July 1993):109; Portia James, "Washington, DC. Richmond Barthé, Richard Hunt. Anacostia Museum," ARTnews 93 (March 1994):146-47.] WASHINGTON (DC). Evans-Tibbs Collection. Afro-American Abstract Artists (1945-1985). 1986. 16 pp. exhib. cat., 18 illus. (10 in color), checklist of 34 paintings and sculptures, bibliog. Text by Thurlow E. Tibbs, Jr. Artists include: Charles Alston, Norman Lewis, James Wells, Richard Dempsey, Alma Thomas, Hale Woodruff, Richard Hunt, Sam Gilliam, Raymond Saunders, Richard Mayhew, Robert Dilworth, Mary Reed Daniel, Richard Lipscomb, Ed Love, Delilah Pierce, Malkia Roberts. 4to, stapled pictorial card wraps. First ed. WASHINGTON (DC). Howard University Gallery of Art. The Dianne Whitfield-Locke & Carnell Locke Collection: Building on Tradition. October 12, 2013-May 12, 2014. Group exhibition. Included: Henry Ossawa Tanner, Robert Duncanson, Grafton Tyler Brown., Aaron Douglas, Palmer Hayden, Jacob Lawrence, William H. Johnson, Richard Hunt, Augusta Savage, Beulah Woodard, Richmond Barthe, and David Driskell. WASHINGTON (DC). National Archives. Five African American Artists. 1971. A historical recording from the National Archives, Washington, DC. Artists include: Charles White, Romare Bearden, Richard Hunt, Barbara Chase-Riboud, and Betty Blayton. [(re-release on DVD, 2008] NTSC-VHS, 30 min. WASHINGTON (DC). National Museum of American Art. Descriptive Catalogue of Painting and Sculpture in the National Museum of American Art. Boston: G. K. Hall & Co., 1983. Of historical interest. As of October 31, 1982, the holdings included (multiple works indicated in paretheses): Edward Bannister, Ed Bereal, Claude Clark, Sr., Eldzier Cortor, Allan Rohan Crite (2), Emilio Cruz (3), Joseph Delaney, William Edmondson, Minnie Evans, Sam Gilliam (7), James Hampton, Palmer Hayden, Felrath Hines, Richard Hunt, Malvin Gray Johnson (2), Sargent Claude Johnson, William H. Johnson (177) Jacob Lawrence, Charles Searles, Henry O. Tanner, Alma Woodsey Thomas, (26), Bob Thompson (5), Laura Wheeler Waring (2), and Ellis Wilson. [For a fuller picture of the national holdings of African American art at this time see also National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Permanent Collection Illustrated Checklist.] WASHINGTON (DC). National Museum of American Art. Free Within Ourselves: African-American Artists in the Collection of the National Museum of American Art. 1992. 205 pp., over 100 illus., 90 in excellent color, bibliog., list of works, checklist of 105 artists represented in National Museum of American Art. Curated and text by Regenia A. Perry. 32 artists discussed: Edward Mitchell Bannister, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Frederick J. Brown, Elizabeth Catlett, Allan Rohan Crite, Beauford Delaney, Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, Minnie Evans, Sam Gilliam, James Hampton, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, Joshua Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Frank Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Edmonia Lewis, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Keith Morrison, Marilyn Nance, James A. Porter, Augusta Savage, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Bill Traylor, Hale Woodruff, and Joseph Yoakum. Other artists mentioned as part of the collection, but not featured: Leroy Almon, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Steve Ashby, Ed Bereal, Wendell T. Brooks, Samuel Joseph Brown, Vivian E. Browne, Richard Burnside, Claude Clark, Houston Conwill, Eldzier Cortor, Emilio Cruz, William Dawson, Hilliard Dean, Roy DeCarava, Joseph Delaney, Richard Dempsey, Arthur "Pete" Dilbert, John Edward Dowell, Jr., Melvin Edwards, Frederick Eversley, Josephus Farmer, Walter Flax, Roland L. Freeman, Herbert Gentry, William Hawkins, Felrath Hines, Lonnie Holley, Margo Humphrey, Mr. Imagination, Keith Jenkins, Malvin Gray Johnson, Larry Francis Lebby, Norman Lewis, Ed Loper, Richard Mayhew, Eric Calvin McDonald, Lloyd McNeill, Robert McNeill, Inez Nathaniel-Walker, Joseph Norman, Leslie Payne, Elijah Pierce, Howardena Pindell, Michael Platt, Earle Richardson, John N. Robinson, Nellie Mae Rowe, Charles Sallee Charles Searles, Charles Sebree, Frank Smith, Edgar Sorrells-Adewale, Henry Speller, Raymond Steth, Lou Stovall, Jimmie Lee Sudduth, Mildred Thompson, Dox Thrash, Mose Tolliver, Laura Wheeler Waring, James W. Washington, Jr., Edward B. Webster, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Franklin A. White, George W. White, Jr., Ellis Wilson, Richard Yarde, Kenneth Young. [Traveled to: Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT; IBM Gallery of Science and Art, New York, NY; Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento, CA; Memphis Brooks Museum of Art, Memphis, TN; The Columbus Museum, Columbus, GA.] Small 4to, cloth, dust jacket. First ed. WASHINGTON (DC). National Museum of Art, Smithsonian Institution. Art, Design, and the Modern Corporation: The Collection of Container Corporation of America, a Gift to the National Museum of American Art. 1985. 134 pp., 150 color and b&w illus. Text by Neil Harris. Avant-garde graphic design work and photography commissioned by Herbert Bayer on behalf of the Chicago-based Container Corporation of America. Includes: Richard Hunt and Jacob Lawrence. Sq. 4to, die-cut wraps. WASHINGTON (DC). Nyangoma's Gallery. Brandywine. January-February 19, 1983. Group exhibition of sixteen prints from the Brandywine Workshop. Curated by Sam Gilliam. Included: Richard Hunt, John Dowell, Phyllis Thompson, Allan Edmunds, David Stephens. WASHINGTON (DC). Parish Gallery. Celebrating 20 Years: Living Embodiments: Artistic Expressions of Being. June 17-July 12, 2011. Group exhibition. Included: Tayo Adenaike, Mason Archie, Alex Bay, Antonio Carreno, Edward Clark, Louis Delsarte, Victor Ekpuk, Robert Freeman, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, Marilyn Horrom, Morris Howard, Richard Hunt, Simmie Knox, Wosene Kosrof, Peter Wayne Lewis, Richard Mayhew, Edward McCluney, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Norman Parish, Kenneth Pasley, James Porter, Sylvia Snowden, Yvette Watson, Kenneth V. Young WASHINGTON (DC). Parish Gallery. Masters for the First Family. May 15-June 16, 2009. Group exhibition. Included: Benny Andrews, Edward Bannister, Camille Billops, Elizabeth Catlett, Edward Clark, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Lois Mailou Jones, Norman Lewis, Richard Mayhew, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Joe Overstreet, Howardena Pindell, James A. Porter, and William T. Williams. WASHINGTON (DC). Smithsonian Museum of American Art. African American Art: Harlem Renaissance, Civil Rights Era, and Beyond. April 27-September 3, 2012. 252 pp. exhib. cat., illus. Text by Richard J. Powell, Virginia Mecklenburg, Theresa Slowik. Curated by Virginia Mecklenburg. Paintings, sculpture, prints, and photographs by 43 black artists, a total of 100 works drawn entirely from the Smithsonian American Art Museum collection, including new acquisitions. [Will travel to: Muscarelle Museum of Art, The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA, September 28, 2012-January 6, 2013; Mennello Museum of American Art, Orlando, FL, February 1-April 28, 2013; Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA, June 1-September 2, 2013; Albuquerque Museum of Art, Albuquerque, NM, September 29, 2013-January 19, 2014; Hunter Museum of American Art, Chattanooga, TN, February 14-May 25, 2014; Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento, CA, June 28-September 21, 2014; Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse, NY, October 18, 2014-January 4, 2015.] 4to (12 x 10 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed. WELD, ALISON, ed. Art by African Americans in the Collection of the New Jersey State Museum. Trenton: The New Jersey State Museum, 1998. 159 pp., b&w and color illus., chronology of Black America (by Larry Greene), selected general bibliog., checklist of 170 works. Foreword by David C. Driskell; individual biographical texts (some with footnotes) and full-page color plate for each of the 60 artists by Alison Weld (curator), Sharon Patton, Margaret Rose Vendryes, Tritobia H. Benjamin, James Smalls, Carl E. Hazlewood, Calvin Reid, and Ronne Hartfield. Artists included in this selection: Uthman Ibn Abdur-Rahmen, Terry Adkins, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Edward Mitchell Bannister, Anthony Barboza, Romare Bearden, Frank Bowling, Wendell T. Brooks, James Andrew Brown, Selma Burke, Willie Cole, Allan Rohan Crite, Victor Davson, Roy DeCarava, Nadine DeLawrence, Thornton Dial, Sr., Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, Melvin Edwards, Minnie Evans, Sam Gilliam, Rex Goreleigh, Gladys Grauer, Renée Green, Larry Hilton, Milton Hinton, Lonnie Holley, Diane Horn, Manuel Hughes, Richard Hunt, Joshua Johnson, Ben Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, James Little, Tom Lloyd, Al Loving, Thomas Malloy, John Moore, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Joe Overstreet, Lorenzo Pace, Gordon Parks, Janet T. Pickett, Horace Pippin, P.H. Polk, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Mei Tei-Sing Smith, Chuck Stewart, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Dox Thrash, Bill Traylor, James VanDerZee, Shawn Walker, Charles White, and Hale Woodruff. An exhibition of the same name (September 19-December 31, 1998) was organized to accompany publication of the catalogue. 4to (28 cm.), wraps. First ed. WILBERFORCE (OH). National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center. Stylistic Dualism. Thru October 31, 1994. Contemporary works from Regenia Perry collection. Included: Murry DePillars, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, and Alvin Loving. WILBERFORCE (OH). National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center. When the Spirit Moves: African American Art Inspired by Dance. August 8-November 28, 1999. 170 pp. exhib. cat., color and b&w illus., maps, bibliog. Curated by Samella Lewis. Ed. by Barbara Glass; texts by: Barbara Glass, Brenda Dixon Gottschild, Melanye White-Dixon, Jacqui Malone, Katrina Hazzard-Donald, Samella Lewis. Group exhibition. Included: Benny Andrews, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Elizabeth Catlett, Louis Delsarte, Sam Gilliam, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, Valerie Maynard, Archibald Motley, Ademola Olugebefola, Howardena Pindell, John T. Scott, Charles Searles, LaVon Van Williams, Richard Yarde, et al. [Traveled to: Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History, Detroit, MI, January 22-April 23, 2000; Camille Love Crosby Museum, Spelman College, Atlanta, GA, June 20-November 18, 2000; Anacostia Museum, Washington, DC, February 15-June 2, 2001.] 4to (28 cm.), wraps. WINSTON-SALEM (NC). Benton Convention Center. Reflections: the Afro-American artist: an exhibit of paintings, sculpture, and graphics. October 8-15, 1972. Unpag. (14 pp.) exhib. cat., illus. Group exhibition. Presented by the Winston-Salem Alumnae Chapter, Delta Sigma Theta, Inc. Included: Charles Alston, William E. Artis, Edward Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John T. Biggers, Ann Brewer, Francis H. Brown, Samuel J. Brown, Selma Burke, Elizabeth Catlett, Claude Clark, Sr., Eldzier Cortor, Barbara Collins-Eure, James Diggs, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, Robert S. Duncanson, Adolphus Ealey, John Farrar, Elton Fax, Frederick C. Flemister, James Everette Funches, Jefferson Grigsby, Ethel D. Guest, Edwin A. Harleston, William A. Harper, Janie R. Harrington, Palmer C. Hayden, Esther Page Hill, Earl J. Hooks, Rennick C. Hoyle, Richard Hunt, Joshua Johnson, Lemuel L. Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Robert H. Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lemuel L. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Joseph Kersey, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Sam Middleton, Eva Hamlin Miller, Scipio Moorhead, Archibald J. Motley, Hayward Oubre, Delilah Pierce, Stephanie Pogue, James A. Porter, John Rhoden, Gregory D. Ridley, Irvin Riley, Charles D. Rogers, Arthur Rose, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Thomas Sills, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Mercedes Thompson, Leo Twiggs, Laura Wheeler Waring, Roland S. Watts, James Lesesne Wells, Glenda Wharton-Little, Charles White, Walter H. Williams, Ellis Wilson, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Alpha Worthy, Gilbert E. Young. 4to (11 x 8 in.), wraps. WINTER PARK (FL). Cornell Museum of Art & American Culture, Rollins College. Beyond the Veil: Art of African American Artists at Century's End. January 16-February 28, 1999. 64 pp. exhib. cat., 39 color plates (mostly full-page), biogs. of artists. Text by Mary Jane Hewitt. Artists include: Benny Andrews, Phoebe Beasley, John Biggers, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Sam Gilliam, Mildred Howard, Richard Hunt, Oliver Jackson, Artis Lane, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Samella Lewis, Kerry James Marshall, Richard Mayhew, Gordon Parks, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, John T. Scott. 4to (26 cm.), wraps. Ed. of 1500. ZOLBERG, VERA L. and JONI MAYA CHERBO, eds. Outsider Art: Contesting Boundaries in Contemporary Culture. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997. 218 pp., illus., notes, index. 12 essays, each devoted to different aspects of the interaction of outsider works of art with mainstream cultures. Zolberg's essay is the only one to mention African American work and she argues that the history of its neglect by museums is analogous to their neglect of African art. 8vo, cloth. First ed. Selected Public Collections Albright-Knox Gallery, Buffalo, New York Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois Birmingham Museum of Art, Birmingham, Alabama Brauer Museum of Art, Valparaiso, Indiana Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, Ohio Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, Ohio Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio Denver Art Museum, Denver, Colorado Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, Michigan DuSable Museum, Chicago, Illinois Frederik Meijer Gardens and Sculpture Park, Grand Rapids, Michigan Greenville County Museum of Art, Greenville, South Carolina Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C. Hunter Museum of Art, Chattanooga, Tennessee Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, Indiana Kalamazoo Institute of Arts, Kalamazoo, Michigan Lakeview Museum of Arts and Sciences, Peoria, Illinois Laumeier Sculpture Garden, St Louis, Missouri Los Angeles County Museum, Los Angeles, California New Jersey State Museum of Art, Trenton, New Jersey Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, Wisconsin Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, Illinois Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York Museum of the Twentieth Century, Vienna, Austria Nassau County Museum of Art, Roslyn, New York National Academy Museum, New York, New York National Gallery, Washington, DC National Museum of American Art, Washington, DC National Museum of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri Sheldon Swope Art Museum, Terre Haute, Indiana Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC Snite Museum of Art, Notre Dame University, Notre Dame, Indiana Speed Art Museum, Louisville, Kentucky Springfield Art Museum, Springfield, Missouri Storm King Art Center, Mountainville, New York Swope Art Museum, Terre Haute, Indiana Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Virginia Weatherspoon Art Museum, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, North Carolina Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, New York Wichita Art Museum, Wichita, Kansas Telfair Museum, Savannah, Georgia Selected Solo Exhibitions 1958 Alan Gallery, New York, New York 1960 Alan Gallery, New York, New York 1963 Alan Gallery, New York, New York 1963 BC Holland Gallery, Chicago, Illinois 1965 Felix Landau Gallery, Los Angeles, California 1965 Occidental College, Los Angeles, California 1966 BC Holland Gallery, Chicago, Illinois 1966 Ohio State University School of Art, Columbus, Ohio 1967 Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio 1967 Milwaukee Art Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin (Retrospective) 1968 BC Holland Gallery, Chicago, Illinois 1968 Dorsky Galleries, New York, New York 1969 Dorsky Galleries, New York, New York 1970 BC Holland Gallery, Chicago, Illinois 1970 Dorsky Galleries, New York, New York 1971 Dorsky Galleries, New York, New York 1971 Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York (Retrospective) 1971 Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (Retrospective) 1973 Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, Indiana 1973 Oklahoma Art Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 1973 Dorsky Galleries, New York, New York 1975 University of Iowa Museum of Art, Iowa City, Iowa 1975 Dorsky Galleries, New York, New York 1976 Sears Bank and Trust Company, Chicago, Illinois 1976 Dorsky Galleries, New York, New York 1976 BC Holland Gallery, Chicago, Illinois 1977 Dorsky Galleries, New York, New York 1978 The Art Center, Waco, Texas 1978 Washington University and Laumeier Sculpture Park, St Louis, Missouri 1978 Greenville County Museum of Art, Greenville, South Carolina 1978 Frances Wolfson Art Center, Miami-Dade Community College, Miami, Florida 1979 Wichita Art Museum, Wichita, Kansas 1979 Dorsky Galleries, New York, New York 1979-80 Cultural Activities Center, Temple, Texas 1981 Springfield Art Museum, Springfield, Missouri 1982 Miami University Art Museum, Oxford, Ohio 1983 Terry Dintenfass Gallery, New York, New York 1984 Fairweather-Hardin Gallery, Chicago, Illinois 1984 Terry Dintenfass Gallery, New York, New York 1985 G.R. N’Namdi Gallery, Detroit, Michigan 1985 Martin Gallery, Washington, DC 1986 Columbia College Gallery, Chicago, Illinois 1986 Youngstown State University, Youngstown, Ohio 1986 Terry Dintenfass Gallery, New York, New York 1987 Century City, Los Angeles, California 1987 DeGraff Gallery, Chicago, Illinois 1987 Dorsky Galleries, New York, New York 1987-1988 USIS Touring Exhibit organized by the Los Angeles Museum of African American Art, traveled to the West African cities of Lagos, Monrovia, Accra Cotonou, Lome, Dakar, and Abidjan. 1989 Dorsky Galleries, New York, New York 1990 Kalamazoo Institute of Art, Kalamazoo, Michigan 1990 Printworks Gallery, Chicago, Illinois 1990 G.R. N’Namdi Gallery, Birmingham, Michigan 1991 Gwenda Jay Gallery, Chicago, Illinois 1991 Louis Newman Gallery, Los Angeles, California 1991 Charles H Wright Museum of African American History, Detroit, Michigan 1992 Shidoni Gallery, Santa Fe, New Mexico 1993 Nevada Museum of Art, Reno, Nevada 1994 Woodlot Gallery, Sheboygan, Wisconsin 1994 University Museum, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois 1995 Worthington Gallery, Chicago, Illinois 1995 G.R. N’Namdi Gallery, Detroit, Michigan 1996 Worthington Gallery, Chicago, Illinois 1996 Snite Museum, Notre Dame University, Notre Dame, Indiana 1996 Addison/Ripley Fine Art, Washington, DC 1997 Studio Museum in Harlem, New York, New York 1997 Andre Zarre Gallery, New York, New York 1998 Museum of African-American History, Detroit, Michigan 1998 Illinois State Museum, Chicago and Springfield,, Illinois 1998 Lakeside Gallery, Lakeside, Michigan 1998 Holland Area Arts Council, Holland, Michigan 1998 Worthington Gallery, Chicago, Illinois 1998 G.R. N’Namdi Gallery, Detroit, Michigan 1999 Laumeier Sculpture Park, St Louis, Missouri 1999 Museum of Art, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah 1999 Turman Gallery, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana 2000 Frederik Meijer Sculpture Garden, Grand Rapids, Michigan 2000 Foundry Gallery, Sacramento, California 2000 Illinois State Museum, Chicago, Illinois 2001 Noel Gallery, Charlotte, North Carolina 2001 Art Foundry Gallery, Sacramento, California 2001 Koehnline Museum of Art, Oakton Community College, Des Plaines, Illinois 2004 H.C. Taylor Gallery, North Carolina A&T University, Greensboro, North Carolina 2006 Worthington Gallery, Chicago, Illinois 2007 Lubeznik Art Center, Michigan City, Indiana 2007 Elmhurst College, Elmhurst, Illinois 2008 The Sculpture Center, Cleveland, Ohio 2008 Midwest Museum of American Art, Elkhart, Indiana 2009 Savannah College of Art and Design Museum of Art, Savannah, Georgia 2009 David Weinberg Gallery, Chicago, Illinois 2009 G.R. N’Namdi Gallery, Chicago, Illinois 2009 Art & Design Gallery, Andrews University, Berrien Springs, Michigan 2010 Willis Tower, Chicago, Illinois 2010 515 North State, Chicago, Illinois 2010 Belian Art Center, Troy, Michigan. 2010 ThinkArt Gallery, Chicago, Illinois 2011 David Findlay Jr Gallery, New York, New York 2012 Thomas McCormick Gallery, Chicago, IL 2012 Brauer Museum of Art, Valparaiso, IN 2013 Galesburg Civic Art Center, Galesburg, IL 2013 Marshall M. Fredericks Sculpture Museum, Saginaw Valley State University, Saginaw, MI 2014 San Antonio Botanical Gardens, San Antonio, TX Commissions in Public Places Commissions and Sculptures in Public Places 1967 Figurehead Welded aluminum Ridgewood High School Norridge, Illinois 1967-1969 Play Welded corten steel John J Madden Mental Health Center Hines, Illinois 1968 Centennial Sculpture Welded corten steel Loyola University, Centennial Forum Courtyard Chicago, Illinois 1968 John Jones Commemorative Welded aluminum DuSable Museum (Executed as part of the Illinois Sesquecentennial for installation at the University of Illinois, Chicago) Chicago, Illinois 1971 Sea Wall Metal, plaster, wood, glass Michael Reese Hospital Chicago, Illinois 1971 Cross Welded bronze St Matthew’s United Methodist Church Chicago, Illinois 1971 Winged Hybrid Welded Steel American Telephone and Telegraph Company New York, New York 1971 Planar Mountain Welded corten steel Tufts University Medford, Massachusetts 1971 Large Hybrid Welded corten steel State University of New York, College at New Paltz New Paltz, New York 1972 Expansive Construction Welded bronze Johnson Publishing Company Chicago, Illinois 1972 Dynamic Pyramid Welded bronze Johnson Products Company Chicago, Illinois 1972 Large Hybrid Cast bronze Amalgamated Trust & Savings Bank Chicago, Illinois 1972 Natural Forms I & II Cast bronze Kraftco Corporation Glenview, Illinois 1973 Outgrown Pyramid I Welded corten steel University of California Berkeley Art Museum Sculpture Garden Berkeley, California 1974 Planar Hybrid Welded corten steel Governors State University University Park, Illinois 1974 Wallpiece Welded bronze Main Bank of Chicago Chicago, Illinois 1974 Large Hybrid Cast bronze Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Washington, DC 1974 Expansive Construction Welded corten steel Storm King Art Center Mountainville, New York 1974 Hybrid Form #2 Welded corten steel St Joseph Riverfront Niles, Michigan 1974 Triangulum Welded corten steel Springfield Art Museum Springfield, Missouri 1975 Why 1st cast Cast bronze Smart Museum University of Chicago Chicago, Illinois 1975 Why 2nd cast Cast bronze Franklin D Murphy Sculpture Garden, University of California at Los Angeles Los Angeles, California 1975 Why 3rd cast Cast bronze Northwestern University Law School Chicago, Illinois 1975 Slabs of the Sunburnt West Welded bronze Memorial to Carl Sandburg, University of Illinois at Chicago Chicago, Illinois 1975 Historical Circle and Peregrine Section Welded corten steel, two parts Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan Ann Arbor, Michigan 1975 Outgrown Pyramid Welded corten steel Governors State University University Park, Illinois 1975 From Here to There Welded bronze, two parts Martin Luther King Community Service Center Chicago, Illinois 1975 Large Hybrid Cast bronze Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center Bronx, New York 1976 Texaurus Welded corten steel The Woodlands Woodlands, Texas 1976 Richmond Cycle Welded bronze, two parts Social Security Service Center Richmond, California 1976 Harlem Hybrid Welded bronze Roosevelt Square New York, New York 1976 Cross Welded bronze St John’s A.M.E. Church Chicago, Illinois 1976 Outgrowth Welded corten steel Ben Hill Recreation Center Tulsa, Oklahoma 1976 Emerging Forms Welded stainless steel University of Kentucky Art Museum Lexington, Kentucky 1977 Cartwright Mound Welded bronze Cartwright Park Evanston, Illinois 1977 Jacob’s Ladder Welded bronze Carter Woodson Library Chicago, Illinois 1977 Music for a While Welded corten steel Ravinia Festival Highland Park, Illinois 1977 Sentimental Scale and Wedge Welded bronze, two parts Cuyahoga Justice Center Cleveland, Ohio 1977 I Have Been to the Mountaintop Welded corten steel Martin Luther King Memorial Memphis, Tennessee 1977 Ascending Descending Form Welded bronze, brass and copper Joseph Caleb Community Center Miami, Florida 1977 Reaching Out Welded brass and bronze Cultural Center Waterloo, Iowa 1978 Centennial Welded corten steel Prairie View A & M University Prairie View, Texas 1978 A Bridge Across and Beyond Welded bronze Howard University Washington, DC 1978 Bronx Victory Welded corten steel Whitney Young Middle School Bronx, New York 1978 Mountain Flight Welded corten steel Greenville County Museum of Art Greenville, South Carolina 1978 Symbiosis Welded corten steel Howard University Washington, DC 1978 Firebird Welded corten steel University of Houston at Clear Lake Houston, Texas 1978 Hybrid Figure Cast bronze Lubeznik Center for the Arts Michigan City, Indiana 1979 Windover Welded bronze Allen Center, Northwestern University Evanston, Illinois 1979 Orpheus Welded bronze Cultural Activities Center Temple, Texas 1979 Fox Box Hybrid Welded corten steel 900 Lake Shore Drive Chicago, Illinois 1980 Farmer’s Dream Welded corten steel Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago, Illinois (formerly at International Minerals Corporation, Northbrook, Illinois) 1981 Pillar Welded corten steel Michael Reese Hospital Chicago, Illinois 1981 Bridging and Branching Welded stainless steel Woodfield Lake Schaumburg, Illinois 1981 Spirit of Freedom Fountain Welded bronze City of Kansas City Kansas City, Missouri 1981 Extended Form Welded corten steel Los Angeles County Museum Sculpture Garden Los Angeles, California 1982 Growing in Illinois Welded corten steel Veterinary Medicine Building, University of Illinois Urbana, Illinois 1982 Giant Steps Welded stainless steel Detroit Receiving Hospital Detroit, Michigan 1982 Iceberg (no longer exists) Welded steel tubing, painted Adams Park Atlanta, Georgia 1983 The Bush Was Not Consumed Welded brass and bronze Temple B’nai Israel Kankakee, Illinois 1983 Eternal Life Welded bronze Temple B’nai Israel Kankakee, Illinois 1983 Organic Construction Welded bronze Urban Investment and Development Company 333 Wacker Drive Chicago, Illinois 1983 Active Hybrid Welded Bronze Lakeview Museum of Arts and Sciences Peoria, Illinois 1983 Hybrid Construction Welded corten steel Miami University Art Museum Miami University Oxford, Ohio 1984 Meander Welded corten steel Lake Forest College Lake Forest, Illinois 1984 Sea Change Welded corten steel University of the District of Columbia Washington, DC 1984 From the Sea Welded bronze McDonald’s Corporation Oakbrook, Illinois 1984 Icon Welded and cast bronze McDonald’s Corporation Oakbrook, Illinois 1984 Senator Adelbert Roberts Memorial Cast bronze State Capitol Rotunda Springfield, Illinois 1984 Illinois River Landscape Welded steel State of Illinois Center Chicago, Illinois 1985 Dune Growth Welded stainless steel Gary Transportation Center Gary, Indiana 1985 Interchange Welded stainless steel Gary Transportation Center Gary, Indiana 1986 Growing Orbit Welded bronze FMC Corporation Chicago, Illinois 1986 Sea Change Welded bronze Northern Trust Chicago, Illinois 1986 Build-Grow Welded stainless steel York College CUNY Queens, New York 1987 Elements Welded stainless steel University of Connecticut Storrs, Connecticut 1987 Winged Form Welded Bronze Amoco Building Plaza Chicago, Illinois 1989 Freedmen’s Column Welded bronze Howard University Washington, DC 1989 Eagle Columns Welded bronze Jonquil Park Chicago, Illinois 1990 Wisdom Bridge Welded stainless steel Atlanta Public Library Atlanta, Georgia 1991 Expansion Column Welded bronze United Missouri Bank St Louis, Missouri 1991 Spatial Interactions Welded bronze Hunter Museum of Art Chattanooga, Tennessee 1991 Altar, Lectern, Tabernacle, Crucifix Stone, steel, stainless steel Holy Angels Church Chicago, Illinois 1992 Build-Grow Branching Column Four Growth Columns Swan Column Fountain Welded bronze Edward Bennett Williams Building Washington, DC 1993 Freeform Welded stainless steel State of Illinois Center Chicago, Illinois 1993 Nature’s Palette Welded bronze Kalamazoo College Kalamazoo, Michigan 1993 Explorer Column Welded stainless steel Asnuntuck Community College Enfield, Connecticut 1994 Growth Development Interaction Welded stainless steel McHenry County College Crystal Lake, Illinois 1994 Sculptural Improvisation I Welded bronze Ravinia Festival Park Highland Park, Illinois 1995 Victory Reconstruction Welded corten steel Potter Center, Jackson Community College Jackson, Michigan 1995 Sculptural Enlightenment Welded bronze Roosevelt University Chicago, Illinois 1995 Ascending Descending Ascending Welded bronze Law Offices of Bradley, Arant, Rose and White Birmingham, Alabama 1996 Book Tops Welded stainless steel Evanston Public Library Evanston, Illinois 1997 Ascension Welded stainless steel Western Illinois University Macomb, Illinois 1997 Wingways Welded stainless steel Belleville Area College Granite, Illinois 1997 Chi-Town Totem Welded bronze and stainless steel McCormick Place Chicago, Illinois 1997 Active Hybrid Welded corten steel Rudy Park Dowagiac, Michigan 1997 St Procopius Welded bronze St Procopius Abbey Lisle, Illinois 1997 Harp Song Welded bronze Weinberg Center Northbrook, Illinois 1999 Growing Welded stainless steel Leawood Tomahawk Sculpture Garden Leawood, Kansas 1999 Linked Forms Welded stainless steel Laumeier Sculpture Park St Louis, Missouri 2000 Column of the Free Spirit Welded bronze Frederik Meijer Sculpture Garden Grand Rapids, Michigan 2000 Celestial Conversation Welded bronze Mount Mary College Milwaukee, Wisconsin 2000 Man’s Way Nature’s Way Welded stainless steel California Environmental Protection Agency Building Sacramento, California 2001 Three Crosses Welded stainless steel and bronze University Park Baptist Church Charlotte, North Carolina 2002 Open Book Welded bronze Schaumburg Public Library Schaumburg, Illinois 2002 Tower of Aspiration Welded stainless steel Springfield Village Park Augusta, Georgia 2002 Memorial Cross Welded bronze Immanuel Lutheran Church Valparaiso, Indiana 2002 And You, Seas Welded stainless steel St Joseph, Michigan 2002 Flight Forms Welded stainless steel Midway Airport Chicago, IL 2002 Uplifted Welded stainless steel Flossmoor Sculpture Garden Flossmoor, Illinois 2003 Oasis Welded bronze, brass, copper and stainless steel Stroger Hospital of Cook County Chicago, IL 2004 Progress Welded stainless steel North Carolina A&T State University Greensboro, North Carolina 2004 Victory, Victory Welded stainless steel Fort Des Moines Memorial Park Des Moines, Iowa 2005 Timescape and Steel Away Welded corten Steel North Carolina School of the Arts Winston-Salem, North Carolina 2005 We Will Welded stainless steel Heritage Building Chicago, Illinois 2006 Crossroads Plaza 7 Sculptures Welded bronze Lewis and Clark Community College Godfrey, Illinois 2006 Quest for Peace Welded stainless steel Adlai Stevenson High School Lincolnshire, Illinois 2008 Muskegon Rising Welded stainless steel Roundabout Western and Third Aves Muskegon, Michigan 2008 Sculptural Improvisations Welded bronze Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan 2008 Silver Linings Welded stainless steel Lakeland Hospital St Joseph, Michigan 2009 Sea and Sails Welded stainless steel 600 N Lake Shore Drive Chicago, Illinois 2010 Of the River Mounds and Bridges Welded stainless steel Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville East St Louis, Illinois 2011 Build a Dream Welded stainless steel Newport News, Virginia 2011 Columnar Construction Welded stainless steel Ruth Mott Foundation Flint, Michigan 2012 Beyond the Frame Welded bronze Ravinia Festival Park Highland Park, Illinois Bench for Joan Welded stainless steel Ravinia Festival Park Highland Park, Illinois 2012 Building and Growing Welded stainless steel Chicago State University Chicago, Illinois 2012 Valpo Variations Welded stainless steel Valparaiso University Valparaiso, Indiana 2013 Piano Passion Welded stainless steel Ravinia Festival Park Highland Park, Illinois 2013 Steel Garden Welded stainless steel Triangle Park 79th & South Lake Shore Drive Chicago, Illinois Born September 12, 1935, Chicago, Illinois Education Public School, Chicago, Illinois University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois The School of the Art Institute of Chicago, B.A.E. 1957, Chicago, Illinois Awarded James Nelson Raymond Foreign Travel Fellowship upon graduation: Travel and Study. England, France, Spain, Italy 1957-58 Military Service: United States Army 1958-1960 Fellowships, Prizes Awards 1956, 1961, 1962 Logan Prize, The Art Institute of Chicago 1957 Palmer Prize, The Art Institte of Chicago 1962 Campana Prize, The Art Institute of Chicago 1962-63 John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship 1965 Tamarind Artist Fellowship, Ford Foundation 1970 Cassandra Foundation Fellowship 1993 Lincoln Academy of Illinois Fellowship 1998 American Academy of Arts and Letters, Elected to Membership 1999 National Academy of Design, Elected to Membership 2003 Watrous Prize, National Academy of Design 2005 Hoffman Prize, National Academy of Design 2009 Dunwiddie Prize, National Academy of Design 2009 Lifetime Achievement Award, International Sculpture Center 2010 Legacy Award, United Negro College Fund Honorary Degrees 1972 Lake Forest College, Lake Forest, Illinois 1973 Dayton Art Institute School, Dayton, Ohio 1976 University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 1977 Illinois State University, Normal, Illinois 1979 Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 1982 The School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 1984 Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 1986 Monmouth College, Monmouth, Illinois 1987 Roosevelt University, Chicago, Illinois 1991 Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 1996 Columbia College, Chicago, Illinois 1997 Governors State University, University Park, Illinois 2004 North Carolina A & T University, Greensboro, North Carolina 2007 University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 2013 Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, Indiana Selected Professorships and Artist Residencies 1960-1961 The School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 1960-1962 University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 1964 Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 1964 CalArts (formerly Chouinard Art School), Los Angeles, California 1965 Purdue University, Lafayette, Indiana 1968 Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois 1968-1969 Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 1969 Wisconsin State University, Oshkosh, Wisconsin 1969 Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois 1970 Western Illinois University, Macomb, Illinois 1975 University of Indiana, Bloomington, Indiana 1977 University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 1977-1978 Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 1980 University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 1982 Utah State University, Logan, Utah 1985 Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 1988 Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, Michigan 1989-1990 Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 1990 Kalamazoo College, Kalamazoo, Michigan 1990 State University of New York, Binghamton, New York 1997 Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan Selected Professional and Cultural Activities 1968-1974 Member, National Council on the Arts 1970-1975 Member, Illinois Arts Council 1972-1976 Board of Directors, College Art Association 1974-1994 Board of Directors, American Council for the Arts 1974-1981 Board of Trustees, Ravinia Festival 1975-1979 Board of Trustees, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago 1977-1997 Visiting Committee on the Visual Arts, University of Chicago 1978-1979 International Exhibitions Committee, USIA 1978-1983 Yale University Council Committee on Art 1979-1984 Board of Governors, Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture 1980-1988 Commissioner, National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution 1980-1982 Board of Trustees, American Academy in Rome 1981-1989 Board of Trustees, Institute for Psychoanalysis, Chicago 1982-1988 President and Founder, Chicago Sculpture Society 1983-1987 National Chairman, Alumni Council, School of the Art Institute of Chicago 1983-1992 Board of Trustees, Ravinia Festival 1984-1988 Advisory Committee, Getty Center for Education in the Arts 1984-1996 Board of Directors, International Sculpture Center 1985-1991 Board of Governors, School of the Art Institute of Chicago 1994-1997 National Board of Directors, Smithsonian Institution 1995 Art Advisory Council, Snite Museum, University of Notre Dame 1996-2001 Board of Trustees, Ravinia Festival 1997 Board of Directors, International Arts and Artists 1998 Elected to Membership, American Academy of Arts & Letters 2000 Elected to Membership, National Academy of Design 2002 Life Trustee, Ravinia Festival African-American topicsAfrican AmericaHistory (timeline)[show]Culture[show]Religion[show]Political movements[show]Civic / economic groups[show]Sports[show]Ethnic subdivisions[show]Languages[show]Diaspora[show]Lists[show]Category: African-American societyAmericaAfrica.svg African American portalvteAfrican-American art is a broad term describing the visual arts of the American black community (African Americans). Influenced by various cultural traditions, including those of Africa, Europe and the Americas, traditional African-American art forms include the range of plastic arts, from basket weaving, pottery, and quilting to woodcarving and painting. Contents1History1.1Pre-colonial, Antebellum and Civil War eras1.2Post-Civil War1.3The Harlem Renaissance to contemporary art1.3.1Mid-20th century2See also3References4Sources5External linksHistoryPre-colonial, Antebellum and Civil War eras This is the carved powder horn by carver John Bush from around 1754. Harriet Powers, Bible quilt, Mixed Media. 1898.Prior to the 20th century, African-American art existed during the French and Indian War. John Bush was a powder horn carver and soldier with the Massachusetts militia fighting with the British. His work has toured throughout Canada and the US.[1][2] His powder horn of 1756 has been part of a travelling exhibition throughout Canada and US.[3][4] Art continued in subsequent slave communities, through the end of the 20th century, African-American art has made a vital contribution to the art of the United States.[5] During the period between the 17th century and the early 19th century art took the form of small drums, quilts, wrought-iron figures and ceramic vessels in the southern United States; these artifacts have similarities with comparable crafts in West and Central Africa. In contrast, black artisans like the New England–based engraver Scipio Moorhead and the Baltimore portrait painter Joshua Johnson created art that was conceived in a western European fashion for their local markets.[6] Many of Africa’s most skilled artisans were enslaved in the Americas, while others learned their trades or crafts as apprentices to African or white skilled workers. It was often the practice for slave owners to hire out skilled artisans. With the consent of their masters, some slave artisans also were able to keep a small percentage of the wages earned in their free time and thereby save enough money to purchase their, and their families', freedom.[7] G. W. Hobbs, Patrick H. Reason, Joshua Johnson, and Scipio Moorhead were among the earliest known portrait artists, from the period of 1773–1887. Patronage by some white families allowed for private tutorship in special cases. Many of these sponsoring whites were abolitionists. The artists received more encouragement and were better able to support themselves in cities, of which there were more in the North and border states. Harriet Powers (1837–1910) was an African-American folk artist and quilt maker from rural Georgia, United States, born into slavery. Now nationally recognized for her quilts, she used traditional appliqué techniques to record local legends, Bible stories, and astronomical events on her quilts. Only two of her late quilts have survived: Bible Quilt 1886 and Bible Quilt 1898. Her quilts are considered among the finest examples of 19th-century Southern quilting,.[8][9] Like Powers, the women of Gee's Bend developed a distinctive, bold, and sophisticated quilting style based on traditional American (and African-American) quilts, but with a geometric simplicity. Although widely separated by geography, they have qualities reminiscent of Amish quilts and modern art. The women of Gee's Bend passed their skills and aesthetic down through at least six generations to the present.[10] At one time scholars believed slaves sometimes utilized quilt blocks to alert other slaves about escape plans during the time of the Underground Railroad,[11] but most historians do not agree. Quilting remains alive as form of artistic expression in the African-American community. Post-Civil WarAfter the Civil War, it became increasingly acceptable for African American-created works to be exhibited in museums, and artists increasingly produced works for this purpose. These were works mostly in the European romantic and classical traditions of landscapes and portraits. Edward Mitchell Bannister, Henry Ossawa Tanner and Edmonia Lewis are the most notable of this time. Others include Grafton Tyler Brown, Nelson A. Primus and Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller. The goal of widespread recognition across racial boundaries was first eased within America's big cities, including Philadelphia, Boston, Chicago, New York, and New Orleans. Even in these places, however, there were discriminatory limitations. Abroad, however, African Americans were much better received. In Europe — especially Paris, France — these artists could express much more freedom in experimentation and education concerning techniques outside traditional western art. Freedom of expression was much more prevalent in Paris as well as Munich and Rome to a lesser extent. The Harlem Renaissance to contemporary art Sand Dunes at Sunset, Atlantic City by Henry Ossawa Tanner is in the collection of the White House, and hangs in the Green Room. Acquired during the Clinton administration with funds from the White House Acquisition Trust, it is the first artwork in the White House by an African American.The Harlem Renaissance was one of the most notable movements in African-American art. Certain freedoms and ideas that were already widespread in many parts of the world at the time had begun to spread into the artistic communities United States during the 1920s. During this period notable artists included Richmond Barthé, Aaron Douglas, Lawrence Harris, Palmer Hayden, William H. Johnson, Sargent Johnson, John T. Biggers, Earle Wilton Richardson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Archibald Motley, Augusta Savage, Hale Woodruff, and photographer James Van Der Zee. The establishment of the Harmon Foundation by art patron William E. Harmon in 1922 sponsored many artists through its Harmon Award and annual exhibitions. As it did with many such endeavors, the 1929 Great Depression largely ended funding for the arts for a time. While the Harmon Foundation still existed in this period, its financial support toward artists ended. The Harmon Foundation, however, continued supporting artists until 1967 by mounting exhibitions and offering funding for developing artists such as Jacob Lawrence.[12] Midnight Golfer by Eugene J. Martin, mixed media collage on rag paper. Kara Walker, Cut, Cut paper and adhesive on wall, Brent Sikkema NYC.The US Treasury Department's Public Works of Art Project ineffectively attempted to provide support for artists in 1933. In 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt created the Works Progress Administration (WPA). The WPA provided for all American artists and proved especially helpful to African-American artists. Artists and writers both gained work that helped them survive the Depression. Among them were Jacob Lawrence and Richard Wright. Politics, human and social conditions all became the subjects of accepted art forms. Important cities with significant black populations and important African-American art circles included Philadelphia, Boston, San Francisco and Washington, D.C. The WPA led to a new wave of important black art professors. Mixed media, abstract art, cubism, and social realism became not only acceptable, but desirable. Artists of the WPA united to form the 1935 Harlem Artists Guild, which developed community art facilities in major cities. Leading forms of art included drawing, sculpture, printmaking, painting, pottery, quilting, weaving and photography. By 1939, the costly WPA and its projects all were terminated. In 1943, James A. Porter, a professor in the Department of Art at Howard University, wrote the first major text on African-American art and artists, Modern Negro Art. Mid-20th centuryIn the 1950s and 1960s, few African-American artists were widely known or accepted. Despite this, The Highwaymen, a loose association of 26 African-American artists from Fort Pierce, Florida, created idyllic, quickly realized images of the Florida landscape and peddled some 200,000 of them from the trunks of their cars. In the 1950s and 1960s, it was impossible to find galleries interested in selling artworks by a group of unknown, self-taught African Americans,[13] so they sold their art directly to the public rather than through galleries and art agents. Rediscovered in the mid-1990s, today they are recognized as an important part of American folk history.[14][15] The current market price for an original Highwaymen painting can easily bring in thousands of dollars. In 2004 the original group of 26 Highwaymen were inducted into the Florida Artists Hall of Fame.[16] Currently 8 of the 26 are deceased, including A. Hair, H. Newton, Ellis and George Buckner, A. Moran, L. Roberts, Hezekiah Baker and most recently Johnny Daniels. The full list of 26 can be found in the Florida Artists Hall of Fame, as well as various highwaymen and Florida art websites. Jerry Harris, Dogon mother and child, constructed and carved wood with found objects, laminated clay (Bondo), and wooden dowels.After the Second World War, some artists took a global approach, working and exhibiting abroad, in Paris, and as the decade wore on, relocated gradually in other welcoming cities such as Copenhagen, Amsterdam, and Stockholm: Barbara Chase-Riboud, Edward Clark, Harvey Cropper, Beauford Delaney, Herbert Gentry,[17] Bill Hutson, Clifford Jackson,[18] Sam Middleton,[19] Larry Potter, Haywood Bill Rivers, Merton Simpson, and Walter Williams.[20][21] Some African-American artists did make it into important New York galleries by the 1950s and 1960s: Horace Pippin, Romare Bearden, Jacob Lawrence, William T. Williams, Norman Lewis, Thomas Sills,[22] and Sam Gilliam were among the few who had successfully been received in a gallery setting. The Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s and 1970s led artists to capture and express the times and changes. Galleries and community art centers developed for the purpose of displaying African-American art, and collegiate teaching positions were created by and for African-American artists. Some African-American women were also active in the feminist art movement in the 1970s. Faith Ringgold made work that featured black female subjects and that addressed the conjunction of racism and sexism in the U.S., while the collective Where We At (WWA) held exhibitions exclusively featuring the artwork of African-American women.[23] By the 1980s and 1990s, hip-hop graffiti became predominate in urban communities. Most major cities had developed museums devoted to African-American artists. The National Endowment for the Arts provided increasing support for these artists. Important collections of African-American art include the Walter O. Evans Collection of African American Art, the Paul R. Jones collections at the University of Delaware and University of Alabama, the David C. Driskell Art collection, the Harmon and Harriet Kelley Collection of African American Art, the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, and the Mott-Warsh collection. Kara Walker, a contemporary American artist, is known for her exploration of race, gender, sexuality, violence and identity in her artworks. Walker's silhouette images work to bridge unfinished folklore in the Antebellum South and are reminiscent of the earlier work of Harriet Powers. Her nightmarish yet fantastical images incorporate a cinematic feel. In 2007, Walker was listed among Time Magazine's "100 Most Influential People in The World, Artists and Entertainers".[24] Textile artists are part of African-American art history. According to the 2010 Quilting in America industry survey, there are 1.6 million quilters in the United States.[25] Influential contemporary artists include Larry D. Alexander, Laylah Ali, Amalia Amaki, Emma Amos, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Dawoud Bey, Camille Billops, Mark Bradford, Edward Clark, Willie Cole, Robert Colescott, Louis Delsarte, David C. Driskell, Leonardo Drew, Mel Edwards, Ricardo Francis, Charles Gaines, Ellen Gallagher, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, Jerry Harris, Joseph Holston, Richard Hunt, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Katie S. Mallory, M. Scott Johnson, Rashid Johnson, Joe Lewis, Glenn Ligon, James Little, Edward L. Loper, Sr., Alvin D. Loving, Kerry James Marshall, Eugene J. Martin, Richard Mayhew, Sam Middleton, Howard McCalebb, Charles McGill, Thaddeus Mosley, Sana Musasama, Senga Nengudi, Joe Overstreet, Martin Puryear, Adrian Piper, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, Gale Fulton Ross, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, John Solomon Sandridge, Raymond Saunders, John T. Scott, Joyce Scott, Gary Simmons, Lorna Simpson, Renee Stout, Kara Walker, Carrie Mae Weems, Stanley Whitney, William T. Williams, Jack Whitten, Fred Wilson, Richard Wyatt, Jr., Richard Yarde, and Purvis Young, Kehinde Wiley, Mickalene Thomas, Barkley Hendricks, Jeff Sonhouse, William Walker, Ellsworth Ausby, Che Baraka, Emmett Wigglesworth, Otto Neals, Dindga McCannon, Terry Dixon (artist), Frederick J. Brown, and many others. Artists Scipio Moorhead, Portrait of poet Phillis Wheatley, 1773, in the frontispiece to her book Poems on Various Subjects Edward Mitchell Bannister, Driving Home the Cows 1881 Harriet Powers, Bible quilt, mixed media, 1886 Henry Ossawa Tanner, Gateway, Tangier, 1912, oil on canvas, 18 7/16" × 15 5/16", St. Louis Art Museum Charles Alston, Again The Springboard Of Civilization, 1943 (WWII African American soldier) Larry D. Alexander,Greenville Courthouse, 1998A–BTerry Adkins (1953–2014), artist[1]Mequitta Ahuja (born 1976), painter, installation artistLarry D. Alexander (born 1953), painterLaylah Ali (born 1968), painterJules T. Allen (born 1947), photographerTina Allen (1949–2008), sculptorCharles Alston (1907–1977), painter[2][1]Amalia Amaki (born 1959), artistEmma Amos (born 1938), painter[2]Benny Andrews (1930–2006), painter[2][1]Edgar Arceneaux (born 1972), drawing artistRadcliffe Bailey (born 1968) collage, sculpture[3][4]Kyle Baker (born 1965), cartoonistMatt Baker (1921–1959), comic book artistJames Presley Ball (1825–1904), photographerAlvin Baltrop (1948-2004), photographerHenry Bannarn (1910–1965), painter[1]Edward Mitchell Bannister (1828–1901), painter[2][1]Ernie Barnes (1938–2009), neo-Mannerist artist[2]Richmond Barthé (1901–1989), sculptor[2][1]Jean-Michel Basquiat (1960–1988), painter[2]C. M. Battey (1873–1927), photographerRomare Bearden (1911–1988), painter[2][1]Arthello Beck (1941–2004), painterArthur P. Bedou (1882–1966), photographerDarrin Bell (born 1975), cartoonistMary A. Bell (1873–1941)Dawoud Bey (born 1953), photographer[2]John T. Biggers (1924–2001), muralist[2][1]Sanford Biggers (born 1970), interdisciplinaryGene Bilbrew (1923–1974), cartoonist and fetish artistMcArthur Binion (born 1946), painterRobert Blackburn (1920–2003), printmaker[2][1]Thomas BlackshearBetty Blayton (born 1937), painter, printmaker[1]Chakaia Booker (born 1953), sculptor[2]Edythe Boone (born 1938), muralistCharles Boyce (born 1949), cartoonistTina Williams Brewer, fiber artist[5]Michael Bramwell (born 1953), conceptual artistMark Bradford (born 1961)Elenora "Rukiya" Brown, doll creatorFrank J. Brown (born 1956), sculptorFrederick J. Brown (1945–2012), painter[2]Larry Poncho BrownManuelita Brown, sculptorRobert Brown (c. 1936–2007), cartoonistBeverly Buchanan (born 1940), painter, sculptor[1]Selma Burke (1900–1995), sculptor[1]Calvin Burnett (1921–2007), book illustrator[1]Pauline Powell Burns (1872–1912), painterJohn Bush (? - 1754), powder horn carverRobert Butler (1943–2014), painterC–DFrank Calloway (born 1915)E. Simms Campbell (1906–1971), cartoonist[1]Fred Carter (born 1938), cartoonistBernie Casey (born 1939), painter[1]Elizabeth Catlett (1915–2012), sculptor and printmaker[2][1]Nick Cave (born 1959), performance artistMichael Ray Charles (born 1967), painter[2]Barbara Chase-Riboud (born 1936), sculptor[1]Jamour Chames (born 1989), painterDon Hogan Charles (1938–2017), photographerClaude Clark (1915–2001), painter and printmaker[2]Edward Clark (born 1926), painterSonya Clark (born 1967), textile and multimedia artistWillie Cole (born 1955), painter[2]Robert Colescott (1925–2009), painter[2]Kennard Copeland (born 1966), ceramic sculptures [2]Eldzier Cortor (1916–2015), artist and printmaker[1]Ernest Crichlow (1914–2005), social realist artist[1]Allan Crite (1910–2007), painter[2] [1]Emilio Cruz (1938–2004), painter[2]Frank E. Cummings III (born 1938), woodworkerMichael Cummings (born 1945), textile artistUlysses Davis (1913–1990), sculptor[2]Bing Davis (born 1937), potter and graphic artist[1]Roy DeCarava (1919–2009), photographer[2]Beauford Delaney (1901–1979), painter[6]Joseph Delaney (1904–1991)[2]Louis Delsarte (born 1944), artist[1]J Rodney Dennis[7][8] painterJoseph Clinton Devillis (1878-1912), painterThornton Dial (1928–2016)[2]Terry Dixon (born 1969), painter and multimedia artistJeff Donaldson (born 1932), painter and criticAaron Douglas (1899–1979), painter[2][1]Emory Douglas (born 1943), Black Panther artistJohn E. Dowell Jr. (born 1941), printmaker, etcher, lithographer, and painterDavid C. Driskell (born 1931), artist and scholarRobert Scott Duncanson (1821–1872), Hudson River School[2][1]E–HWilliam Edmondson (1874–1951), folk art sculptor[2][1]Mel Edwards (born 1937), sculptor[2][1]Walter Ellison (1899–1977), painter[2]Minnie Evans (1892–1987), folk artist[2] [1]Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller (1877–1968), artist[2][1]Ellen Gallagher (born 1965)[2]Theaster Gates (born 1973), sculptor, ceramicist, and performance artist [Reginald K (Kevin) Gee (born 1964), painterHerbert Gentry (1919–2003), painterWilda Gerideau-Squires (born 1946), photographerRobert A. Gilbert (c. 1870-1942), nature photographer[9]Leah Gilliam (born 1967), media artist and filmmakerSam Gilliam (born 1933), painter[2] [1]Russell T. Gordon (born 1936), printmaker[2]Billy Graham (1935–1999), comic book artistLonnie Graham, photographer and installation artistDeborah Grant (born 1968), painterTodd Gray (born 1954), photographer, installation and performance artistLeamon Green (born 1959)Renee Green (born 1959), installation artist[2]Mario Gully, comic book artistTyree Guyton (born 1955)[2]Ed Hamilton (born 1947), sculptorPatrick Earl Hammie (born 1981), painterDavid Hammons (born 1943), artist[2]Trenton Doyle Hancock (born 1974)[2]Edwin Harleston (1882–1931), painterElise Forrest Harleston (1891–1970), photographerKira Lynn Harris (born 1963), multidisciplinary[10]John Wesley Hardrick (1891–1948), painter[2] [1]Jerry Harris (born 1945), sculptorLawrence Harris, painterMarren Hassenger (born 1947), sculptor, installation, performance[11]Palmer Hayden (1893–1973), painter[2][1]Barkley Hendricks (1945–2017), painterGeorge Herriman (1880–1944), cartoonist[2]Alvin Hollingsworth (1928–2000), illustrator, painterWilliam Howard (active 19th century), American woodworker and craftsmanBryce Hudson (born 1979), painter, sculptor[2]Julien Hudson (1811–1844), painter, sculptor[2]David Huffman (born 1963), painter[12]Richard Hunt (born 1935), sculptor[2][1]Clementine Hunter (1886/7–1988), folk artist[2][1]J–OSteffani Jemison (born 1981), performance artist, video artistWadsworth Jarrell (born 1929), painter, sculptorAnnette P. Jimerson (born 1966), painterJoshua Johnson (c.1763–c.1824), portrait painter and folk artist[2][1]Malvin Gray Johnson (1896–1934), painter[1]Rashid Johnson (born 1977), conceptual artistSargent Johnson (1888–1967), sculptor[2] [1]William H. Johnson (1902–1970)[2][1]Calvin B. Jones (1934–2010), painter, muralistJennie C. Jones (born 1968), multidisciplinaryLois Mailou Jones (1905–1998), painter[2][1]Titus Kaphar (born 1976), painter[13]Gwendolyn Knight (1914–2005), artist[1]Jacob Lawrence (1917–2000), painter[2][1]Deana Lawson (born 1979), photographer[14]Hughie Lee-Smith (1915–1999), artist[2][1]Edmonia Lewis (c. 1843–1879), artist[2][1]Norman Lewis (1909–1979), painter[2][1]Glenn Ligon (born 1960), painter[2]Llanakila, artist, painter, digital illustrator, and digital artistEdward L. Loper, Sr. (1916–2011), painterWhitfield Lovell (born 1960), artistAlvin D. Loving (1935-2005) artistGwendolyn Ann Magee (1943–2011), artist, quilter[15]Clarence Major (born 1936), painterKerry James Marshall (born 1955), painter[2]Eugene J. Martin (1938–2005), painterRichard Mayhew (born 1934), Afro-Native American, landscape painter[16]Valerie Maynard (born 1937), sculptor, printmaker, painterEaly Mays (born 1959), painterHoward McCalebb (born 1947), artistCorky McCoy, illustratorCharles McGee, (born 1924) painterCharles McGill (born 1964), artist, educatorJulie Mehretu (born 1970), painter, printmakerNicole Miller (born 1982), video artistDean Mitchell (born 1957), painterScipio Moorhead (active 1770s), painter[1]Archibald Motley (1891–1981), painter[2][1]Gus Nall (1919-1995), painterHarold Newton (1934–1994), artistLorraine O'Grady (born 1934), conceptual artistTurtel Onli (born 1952), cartoonistJackie Ormes (1911–1985), cartoonistJohn Outterbridge (born 1933), assemblage artist[2][1]Joe Overstreet (born 1933), artist[1]P–SGordon Parks (1912–2006), photographer, director[2][1]Cecelia Pedescleaux (born 1945), quilterDelilah Pierce (1904–1992), artistEarle M. Pilgrim (1923–1976), artistHowardena Pindell (born 1943), painter[2]Jerry Pinkney (born 1939), illustrator[2]Adrian Piper (born 1948), conceptual artist[2]Rose Piper (1917–2005), painter and textile designer[17]Horace Pippin (1888–1946), painter[2][1]Rae Pleasant (born 1985), illustrator[18][19]P. H. Polk (1898–1984), photographerCarl Robert Pope (born 1961), photographer[2]William Pope.L (born 1955) conceptual artistHarriet Powers (1837–1910), folk artist[2]Martin Puryear (born 1941), sculptor[2][1]Patrick H. Reason (1816–1898)Earle Wilton Richardson (1912–1935), artist[1]Faith Ringgold (born 1930), painter[2][1]Haywood Rivers (1922–2001), painterArthur Rose Sr. (1921–1995), multidisciplinaryBayeté Ross Smith (born 1976), photographerAlison Saar (born 1956), artist[2][1]Betye Saar (born 1926), artist[2][1]Charles Sallee (1923–2006), painter[2][20]Reginald Sanders (1921–2001), visual artistRaymond Saunders, painter[1]Augusta Savage (1892–1962), sculptor[2][1]John T. Scott (1940–2007), artistJoyce J. Scott (born 1948), sculptor[2]Lorenzo Scott (born 1934), painterWilliam Edouard Scott (1884–1964), painter[2][1]Charles Sebree (1914–1985), painter[2][1]Ed Sherman (born 1945), photographerThomas Sills (1914–2000), painterGary Simmons (born 1964), artistLorna Simpson (born 1960), artist[2]Merton Simpson (1928–2013), painterWilliam Simpson (1818–1872), portrait painter[1]Cauleen Smith (born 1967), filmmakerLeslie Smith III (born 1985), painterVincent D. Smith (1929–2003), painter and printmaker[21][22]Gilda Snowden (1954–2014)[2]Mitchell Squire (born 1958), American installation artist, sculptor and performance artistRaymond Steth (1916–1997)[2]Renee Stout (born 1958), artist[2]Martine Syms (born 1988), artistT–ZHenry Ossawa Tanner (1859–1937), artist[2][1]Margaret Taylor-Burroughs (1915–2010)[2][1]Alma Thomas (1891–1978), painter[2] [1]Hank Willis Thomas (born 1976), photographerMickalene Thomas (born 1971), painter and installation artistBob Thompson (1937–1966), painter[2][1]Mildred Thompson (1935–2003), abstract painter, printmaker and sculptorDox Thrash (1892–1962), printmaker, sculptor[2] [1]Bill Traylor (1856–1949)[2][1]Henry Taylor (born 1958) painterMorrie Turner (1923–2014), cartoonistJames Van Der Zee (1886–1983), photographer[2] [1]Kara Walker (born 1969), artist[2] [1]William Walker (1927–2011), Chicago muralistLaura Wheeler Waring (1887–1948), painter[2][1]E. M. Washington (born 1962), printmaker and counterfeiterJames W. Washington, Jr. (1908–2000), painter and sculptor[1]Carrie Mae Weems (born 1953), photographer[2]Pheoris WestCharles Wilbert White (1918–1979), muralist[2][1]Jack Whitten (1939-2018), painterKehinde Wiley (born 1977), painterGerald Williams (artist) (Born 1941) painterWilliam T. Williams (born 1942), painter[1]Deborah Willis (born 1948), photographerEllis Wilson (1899–1977), painter[2][1]Fred Wilson (born 1954), conceptual artistJohn Woodrow Wilson (1922–2015), sculptor[2][1]Beulah Woodard (1895–1955), sculptorHale Woodruff (1900–1980), painter[2][1]Richard Wyatt, Jr., (born 1955), painter, muralistRichard Yarde (1939–2011), watercoloristJoseph Yoakum (1890–1972), self-taught landscape artistPurvis Young (1943–2010), artistArtist groupsThe HighwaymenAfriCOBRAWhere We AtNational Conference of ArtistsSpiral (arts alliance) African-American topicsAfrican AmericaHistory (timeline)[show]Culture[show]Religion[show]Political movements[show]Civic / economic groups[show]Sports[show]Ethnic subdivisions[show]Languages[show]Diaspora[show]Lists[show]Category: African-American societyAmericaAfrica.svg African American portalvte This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. 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(June 2007) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)The Black Arts Movement, Black Aesthetics Movement or BAM is the artistic outgrowth of the Black Power movement that was prominent in the 1960s and early 1970s.[1][2][3] Time magazine describes the Black Arts Movement as the "single most controversial movement in the history of African-American literature – possibly in American literature as a whole."[4] The Black Arts Repertory Theatre/School (BARTS), founded in Harlem in 1965 by LeRoi Jones (later known as Amiri Baraka) is a key institution of the Black Arts Movement.[5] Contents1Overview1.1Influence2History2.1Authors2.2Locations3The Black Aesthetic4Major works4.1Black Art4.2"The Revolutionary Theatre"5Effects on society6Associated writers and thinkers7Related exhibitions and conferences8See also9References10External linksOverviewThe movement has been seen as one of the most important times in African-American literature. It inspired black people to establish their own publishing houses, magazines, journals and art institutions. It led to the creation of African-American Studies programs within universities.[6] The movement was triggered by the assassination of Malcolm X.[7] Among the well-known writers who were involved with the movement are Nikki Giovanni, Sonia Sanchez, Maya Angelou, Hoyt W. Fuller, and Rosa Guy.[8][9] Although not strictly part of the Movement, other notable African-American writers such as novelists Toni Morrison and Ishmael Reed share some of its artistic and thematic concerns. Although Reed is neither a movement apologist nor advocate, he said: I think what Black Arts did was inspire a whole lot of Black people to write. Moreover, there would be no multiculturalism movement without Black Arts. Latinos, Asian Americans, and others all say they began writing as a result of the example of the 1960s. Blacks gave the example that you don't have to assimilate. You could do your own thing, get into your own background, your own history, your own tradition and your own culture. I think the challenge is for cultural sovereignty and Black Arts struck a blow for that.[10] BAM influenced the world of literature with the portrayal of different ethnic voices. Before the movement, the literary canon lacked diversity, and the ability to express ideas from the point of view of racial and ethnic minorities, which was not valued by the mainstream at the time. InfluenceTheatre groups, poetry performances, music and dance were centered on this movement, and therefore African Americans gained social and historical recognition in the area of literature and arts. Due to the agency and credibility given, African Americans were also able to educate others through different types of expressions and media outlets about cultural differences. The most common form of teaching was through poetry reading. African-American performances were used for their own political advertisement, organization, and community issues. The Black Arts Movement was spread by the use of newspaper advertisements.[11] The first major arts movement publication was in 1964. "No one was more competent in [the] combination of the experimental and the vernacular than Amiri Baraka, whose volume Black Magic Poetry 1961–1967 (1969) is one of the finest products of the African-American creative energies of the 1960s."[4] HistoryThe beginnings of the Black Arts Movement may be traced to 1965, when Amiri Baraka, at that time still known as Leroi Jones, moved uptown to establish the Black Arts Repertory Theatre/School (BARTS) following the assassination of Malcolm X.[4] Rooted in the Nation of Islam, the Black Power Movement and the Civil Rights Movement, the Black Arts Movement grew out of a changing political and cultural climate in which Black artists attempted to create politically engaged work that explored the African American cultural and historical experience.[4] Black artists and intellectuals such as Baraka made it their project to reject older political, cultural, and artistic traditions.[12] Although the success of sit-ins and public demonstrations of the Black student movement in the 1960s may have "inspired black intellectuals, artists, and political activists to form politicized cultural groups,"[12] many Black Arts activists rejected the non-militant integrational ideologies of the Civil Rights Movement and instead favored those of the Black Liberation Struggle, which emphasized "self-determination through self-reliance and Black control of significant businesses, organization, agencies, and institutions."[13] According to the Academy of American Poets, "African American artists within the movement sought to create politically engaged work that explored the African American cultural and historical experience." The importance that the movement placed on Black autonomy is apparent through the creation of institutions such as the Black Arts Repertoire Theatre School (BARTS), created in the spring of 1964 by Baraka and other Black artists. The opening of BARTS in New York City often overshadow the growth of other radical Black Arts groups and institutions all over the United States. In fact, transgressional and international networks, those of various Left and nationalist (and Left nationalist) groups and their supports, existed far before the movement gained popularity.[12] Although the creation of BARTS did indeed catalyze the spread of other Black Arts institutions and the Black Arts movement across the nation, it was not solely responsible for the growth of the movement. Although the Black Arts Movement was a time filled with black success and artistic progress, the movement also faced social and racial ridicule. The leaders and artists involved called for Black Art to define itself and speak for itself from the security of its own institutions. For many of the contemporaries the idea that somehow black people could express themselves through institutions of their own creation and with ideas whose validity was confirmed by their own interests and measures was absurd.[14] While it is easy to assume that the movement began solely in the Northeast, it actually started out as "separate and distinct local initiatives across a wide geographic area," eventually coming together to form the broader national movement.[12] New York City is often referred to as the "birthplace" of the Black Arts Movement, because it was home to many revolutionary Black artists and activists. However, the geographical diversity of the movement opposes the misconception that New York (and Harlem, especially) was the primary site of the movement.[12] In its beginning states, the movement came together largely through printed media. Journals such as Liberator, The Crusader, and Freedomways created "a national community in which ideology and aesthetics were debated and a wide range of approaches to African-American artistic style and subject displayed."[12] These publications tied communities outside of large Black Arts centers to the movement and gave the general black public access to these sometimes exclusive circles. As a literary movement, Black Arts had its roots in groups such as the Umbra Workshop. Umbra (1962) was a collective of young Black writers based in Manhattan's Lower East Side; major members were writers Steve Cannon,[15] Tom Dent, Al Haynes, David Henderson, Calvin C. Hernton, Joe Johnson, Norman Pritchard, Lennox Raphael, Ishmael Reed, Lorenzo Thomas, James Thompson, Askia M. Touré (Roland Snellings; also a visual artist), Brenda Walcott, and musician-writer Archie Shepp. Touré, a major shaper of "cultural nationalism," directly influenced Jones. Along with Umbra writer Charles Patterson and Charles's brother, William Patterson, Touré joined Jones, Steve Young, and others at BARTS. Umbra, which produced Umbra Magazine, was the first post-civil rights Black literary group to make an impact as radical in the sense of establishing their own voice distinct from, and sometimes at odds with, the prevailing white literary establishment. The attempt to merge a black-oriented activist thrust with a primarily artistic orientation produced a classic split in Umbra between those who wanted to be activists and those who thought of themselves as primarily writers, though to some extent all members shared both views. Black writers have always had to face the issue of whether their work was primarily political or aesthetic. Moreover, Umbra itself had evolved out of similar circumstances: in 1960 a Black nationalist literary organization, On Guard for Freedom, had been founded on the Lower East Side by Calvin Hicks. Its members included Nannie and Walter Bowe, Harold Cruse (who was then working on The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual, 1967), Tom Dent, Rosa Guy, Joe Johnson, LeRoi Jones, and Sarah E. Wright, among others. On Guard was active in a famous protest at the United Nations of the American-sponsored Bay of Pigs Cuban invasion and was active in support of the Congolese liberation leader Patrice Lumumba. From On Guard, Dent, Johnson, and Walcott along with Hernton, Henderson, and Touré established Umbra. AuthorsAnother formation of black writers at that time was the Harlem Writers Guild, led by John O. Killens, which included Maya Angelou, Jean Carey Bond, Rosa Guy, and Sarah Wright among others. But the Harlem Writers Guild focused on prose, primarily fiction, which did not have the mass appeal of poetry performed in the dynamic vernacular of the time. Poems could be built around anthems, chants, and political slogans, and thereby used in organizing work, which was not generally the case with novels and short stories. Moreover, the poets could and did publish themselves, whereas greater resources were needed to publish fiction. That Umbra was primarily poetry- and performance-oriented established a significant and classic characteristic of the movement's aesthetics. When Umbra split up, some members, led by Askia Touré and Al Haynes, moved to Harlem in late 1964 and formed the nationalist-oriented Uptown Writers Movement, which included poets Yusef Rahman, Keorapetse "Willie" Kgositsile from South Africa, and Larry Neal. Accompanied by young "New Music" musicians, they performed poetry all over Harlem. Members of this group joined LeRoi Jones in founding BARTS. Jones's move to Harlem was short-lived. In December 1965 he returned to his home, Newark (N.J.), and left BARTS in serious disarray. BARTS failed but the Black Arts center concept was irrepressible, mainly because the Black Arts movement was so closely aligned with the then-burgeoning Black Power movement. The mid-to-late 1960s was a period of intense revolutionary ferment. Beginning in 1964, rebellions in Harlem and Rochester, New York, initiated four years of long hot summers. Watts, Detroit, Newark, Cleveland, and many other cities went up in flames, culminating in nationwide explosions of resentment and anger following Martin Luther King, Jr.'s April 1968 assassination. Nathan Hare, author of The Black Anglo-Saxons (1965), was the founder of 1960s Black Studies. Expelled from Howard University, Hare moved to San Francisco State University, where the battle to establish a Black Studies department was waged during a five-month strike during the 1968–69 school year. As with the establishment of Black Arts, which included a range of forces, there was broad activity in the Bay Area around Black Studies, including efforts led by poet and professor Sarah Webster Fabio at Merrit College. The initial thrust of Black Arts ideological development came from the Revolutionary Action Movement (RAM), a national organization with a strong presence in New York City. Both Touré and Neal were members of RAM. After RAM, the major ideological force shaping the Black Arts movement was the US (as opposed to "them") organization led by Maulana Karenga. Also ideologically important was Elijah Muhammad's Chicago-based Nation of Islam. These three formations provided both style and conceptual direction for Black Arts artists, including those who were not members of these or any other political organization. Although the Black Arts Movement is often considered a New York-based movement, two of its three major forces were located outside New York City. LocationsAs the movement matured, the two major locations of Black Arts' ideological leadership, particularly for literary work, were California's Bay Area because of the Journal of Black Poetry and The Black Scholar, and the Chicago–Detroit axis because of Negro Digest/Black World and Third World Press in Chicago, and Broadside Press and Naomi Long Madgett's Lotus Press in Detroit. The only major Black Arts literary publications to come out of New York were the short-lived (six issues between 1969 and 1972) Black Theatre magazine, published by the New Lafayette Theatre, and Black Dialogue, which had actually started in San Francisco (1964–68) and relocated to New York (1969–72). Although the journals and writing of the movement greatly characterized its success, the movement placed a great deal of importance on collective oral and performance art. Public collective performances drew a lot of attention to the movement, and it was often easier to get an immediate response from a collective poetry reading, short play, or street performance than it was from individual performances.[12] The people involved in the Black Arts Movement used the arts as a way to liberate themselves. The movement served as a catalyst for many different ideas and cultures to come alive. This was a chance for African Americans to express themselves in a way that most would not have expected. In 1967 LeRoi Jones visited Karenga in Los Angeles and became an advocate of Karenga's philosophy of Kawaida. Kawaida, which produced the "Nguzo Saba" (seven principles), Kwanzaa, and an emphasis on African names, was a multifaceted, categorized activist philosophy. Jones also met Bobby Seale and Eldridge Cleaver and worked with a number of the founding members of the Black Panthers. Additionally, Askia Touré was a visiting professor at San Francisco State and was to become a leading (and long-lasting) poet as well as, arguably, the most influential poet-professor in the Black Arts movement. Playwright Ed Bullins and poet Marvin X had established Black Arts West, and Dingane Joe Goncalves had founded the Journal of Black Poetry (1966). This grouping of Ed Bullins, Dingane Joe Goncalves, LeRoi Jones, Sonia Sanchez, Askia M. Touré, and Marvin X became a major nucleus of Black Arts leadership.[16] As the movement grew, ideological conflicts arose and eventually became too great for the movement to continue to exist as a large, coherent collective. The Black AestheticMany discussions of the Black Arts movement posit it as the "aesthetic and spiritual sister of the Black Power concept."[17] The Black Aesthetic refers to ideologies and perspectives of art that center on Black culture and life. This Black Aesthetic encouraged the idea of Black separatism, and in trying to facilitate this, hoped to further strengthen black ideals, solidarity, and creativity.[18] In his well-known essay on the Black Arts Movement, Larry Neal attests: "When we speak of a 'Black aesthetic' several things are meant. First, we assume that there is already in existence the basis for such an aesthetic. Essentially, it consists of an African-American cultural tradition. But this aesthetic is finally, by implication, broader than that tradition. It encompasses most of the usable elements of the Third World culture. The motive behind the Black aesthetic is the destruction of the white thing, the destruction of white ideas, and white ways of looking at the world."[17] Major worksBlack ArtAmiri Baraka's poem "Black Art" serves as one of his most controversial, yet poetically profound supplements to the Black Arts Movement. In this piece, Baraka merges politics with art, criticizing poems that are not useful to or adequately representative of the Black struggle. First published in 1966, a period particularly known for the Civil Rights Movement, the political aspect of this piece underscores the need for a concrete and artistic approach to the realistic nature involving racism and injustice. Serving as the recognized artistic component to and having roots in the Civil Rights Movement, the Black Arts Movement aims to grant a political voice to black artists (including poets, dramatists, writers, musicians, etc.). Playing a vital role in this movement, Baraka calls out what he considers to be unproductive and assimilatory actions shown by political leaders during the Civil Rights Movement. He describes prominent Black leaders as being "on the steps of the white house...kneeling between the sheriff's thighs negotiating coolly for his people."[19] Baraka also presents issues of euro-centric mentality, by referring to Elizabeth Taylor as a prototypical model in a society that influences perceptions of beauty, emphasizing its influence on individuals of white and black ancestry.[19] Baraka aims his message toward the Black community, with the purpose of coalescing African Americans into a unified movement, devoid of white influences. "Black Art" serves as a medium for expression meant to strengthen that solidarity and creativity, in terms of the Black Aesthetic. Baraka believes poems should "shoot…come at you, love what you are" and not succumb to mainstream desires.[19] He ties this approach into the emergence of hip-hop, which he paints as a movement that presents "live words…and live flesh and coursing blood."[19] Baraka's cathartic structure and aggressive tone are comparable to the beginnings of hip-hop music, which created controversy in the realm of mainstream acceptance, because of its "authentic, un-distilled, unmediated forms of contemporary black urban music."[20] Baraka believes that integration inherently takes away from the legitimacy of having a Black identity and Aesthetic in an anti-Black world. Through pure and unapologetic blackness, and with the absence of white influences, Baraka believes a black world can be achieved. Though hip-hop has been serving as a recognized salient musical form of the Black Aesthetic, a history of unproductive integration is seen across the spectrum of music, beginning with the emergence of a newly formed narrative in mainstream appeal in the 1950s. Much of Baraka's cynical disillusionment with unproductive integration can be drawn from the 50s, a period of rock and roll, in which "record labels actively sought to have white artists "cover" songs that were popular on the rhythm-and-blues charts"[20] originally performed by African-American artists. The problematic nature of unproductive integration is also exemplified by Run-DMC, an American hip-hop group founded in 1981, who became widely accepted after a calculated collaboration with the rock group Aerosmith on a remake of the latter's "Walk This Way" took place in 1986, evidently appealing to young white audiences.[20] Hip-hop emerged as an evolving genre of music that continuously challenged mainstream acceptance, most notably with the development of rap in the 1990s. A significant and modern example of this is Ice Cube, a well-known American rapper, songwriter, and actor, who introduced subgenre of hip-hop known as "gangsta rap," merged social consciousness and political expression with music. With the 1960s serving as a more blatantly racist period of time, Baraka notes the revolutionary nature of hip-hop, grounded in the unmodified expression through art. This method of expression in music parallels significantly with Baraka's ideals presented in "Black Art," focusing on poetry that is also productively and politically driven. "The Revolutionary Theatre""The Revolutionary Theatre" is a 1965 essay by Baraka that was an important contribution to the Black Arts Movement, discussing the need for change through literature and theater arts. He says: "We will scream and cry, murder, run through the streets in agony, if it means some soul will be moved, moved to actual life understanding of what the world is, and what it ought to be." Baraka wrote his poetry, drama, fiction and essays in a way that would shock and awaken audiences to the political concerns of black Americans, which says much about what he was doing with this essay.[21] It also did not seem coincidental to him that Malcolm X and John F. Kennedy had been assassinated within a few years, since Baraka believed that every voice of change in America had been murdered, which led to the writing that would come out of the Black Arts Movement. In his essay, Baraka says: "The Revolutionary Theatre is shaped by the world, and moves to reshape the world, using as its force the natural force and perpetual vibrations of the mind in the world. We are history and desire, what we are, and what any experience can make us." With his thought-provoking ideals and references to a euro-centric society, he imposes the notion that black Americans should stray from a white aesthetic in order to find a black identity. In his essay, he says: "The popular white man's theatre like the popular white man's novel shows tired white lives, and the problems of eating white sugar, or else it herds bigcaboosed blondes onto huge stages in rhinestones and makes believe they are dancing or singing." This, having much to do with a white aesthetic, further proves what was popular in society and even what society had as an example of what everyone should aspire to be, like the "bigcaboosed blondes" that went "onto huge stages in rhinestones". Furthermore, these blondes made believe they were "dancing and singing" which Baraka seems to be implying that white people dancing is not what dancing is supposed to be at all. These allusions bring forth the question of where black Americans fit in the public eye. Baraka says: "We are preaching virtue and feeling, and a natural sense of the self in the world. All men live in the world, and the world ought to be a place for them to live." Baraka's essay challenges the idea that there is no space in politics or in society for black Americans to make a difference through different art forms that consist of, but are not limited to, poetry, song, dance, and art. Effects on societyAccording to the Academy of American Poets, "many writers--Native Americans, Latinos/as, gays and lesbians, and younger generations of African Americans have acknowledged their debt to the Black Arts Movement."[4] The movement lasted for about a decade, through the mid-1960s and into the 1970s. This was a period of controversy and change in the world of literature. One major change came through in the portrayal of new ethnic voices in the United States. English-language literature, prior to the Black Arts Movement, was dominated by white authors.[22] African Americans became a greater presence not only in the field of literature but in all areas of the arts. Theater groups, poetry performances, music and dance were central to the movement. Through different forms of media, African Americans were able to educate others about the expression of cultural differences and viewpoints. In particular, black poetry readings allowed African Americans to use vernacular dialogues. This was shown in the Harlem Writers Guild, which included black writers such as Maya Angelou and Rosa Guy. These performances were used to express political slogans and as a tool for organization. Theater performances also were used to convey community issues and organizations. The theaters, as well as cultural centers, were based throughout America and were used for community meetings, study groups and film screenings. Newspapers were a major tool in spreading the Black Arts Movement. In 1964, Black Dialogue was published, making it the first major Arts movement publication. The Black Arts Movement, although short, is essential to the history of the United States. It spurred political activism and use of speech throughout every African-American community. It allowed African Americans the chance to express their voices in the mass media as well as become involved in communities. It can be argued that "the Black Arts movement produced some of the most exciting poetry, drama, dance, music, visual art, and fiction of the post-World War II United States" and that many important "post-Black artists" such as Toni Morrison, Ntozake Shange, Alice Walker, and August Wilson were shaped by the movement.[12] The Black Arts Movement also provided incentives for public funding of the arts and increased public support of various arts initiatives.[12] Associated writers and thinkersDon EvansMari EvansSarah Webster FabioHoyt W. FullerNikki GiovanniRosa GuyHarlem Writers GuildDavid HendersonAudre LordeDudley RandallSonia SanchezRelated exhibitions and conferencesThe Arts Council of England's (ACE) Decibel initiative produced a summary in 2003 in association with The Guardian newspaper.[23][24] An international exhibition, Back to Black — Art, Cinema and the Racial Imaginary, was held at the Whitechapel Gallery in 2005.[25] A 2006 major conference Should Black Art Still Be Beautiful?, organized by OOM Gallery and Midwest, examined the development of contemporary Black cultural practice and its future in Britain. On April 1, 2006, New Art Gallery, Walsall, UK, held a conference in honour of the late Donald Rodney. Gallery 32 and Its Circle, a 2009 art exhibition hosted at Loyola Mount University's Laband Art Gallery,[26] featured artwork displayed the eponymous gallery, which featured black artists in the Los Angeles area and played an integral role in the Black Arts movement in the area.[27] A recently redeveloped African and Asian Visual Arts Archive is located at the University of East London (UEL).[28]While African American art of the 18th and 19th centuries continued to reflect African artistic traditions, the earliest fine art made by professional African American artists was in an academic Western style. Among the leading black sculptors of the 19th century were Eugene Warbourg and Mary Edmonia Lewis, the first professional African American sculptor. The most distinguished African American artist who worked in the 19th century was Henry Ossawa Tanner, who painted African American genre subjects and reflects the realist tradition. In the early 20th century, the most important aesthetic movement in African American art was the Harlem Renaissance or the ‘New Negro’ movement of the 1920s. The Harlem district of New York became the ‘cultural capital of black America’. Practicing in New York, Stuart Davis was heavily influenced by African American culture and jazz music, though he was not an African American. Aaron Douglas consciously incorporated African imagery into his work. The most important African American photographer of that period was James Van Der Zee, who photographed people and scenes in Harlem for more than 50 years. During and immediately after World War II there arose to prominence a new school of African American artists, many of whom were the so-called ‘children of the Harlem Renaissance’. During the 1950s African American art was dominated by Abstract Expressionism and realism; their significant practitioners included Charles Alston, Romare Bearden and James Wells. In the 1960s and 1970s new classifications appeared in African American art based on continuing developments in abstract art and the rise of the figurative style known as Black Expressionism. The most prominent African American abstract painter was Sam Gilliam, based in Washington, DC. Martin Puryear emerged during the 1980s as a leading African American abstract sculptor. In the 1980s African American art was the subject of a number of pioneering exhibitions, such as Black Art—Ancestral Legacy: The African Impulse in African American Art (Dallas Museum of Art, 1989), that brought together the works of African, Caribbean and African American academic and folk artists. Today’s artists, such as Kara Walker and Fred Wilson, continue to grapple with the complex issues of African American history and identity in contemporary visual art. Chicago-based sculptor Richard Hunt (b. 1935) is best known for his public commissions sited in more than 125 parks, schools and public areas across the nation, including the intersection of 125th Street and Morningside Avenue in New York, where the abstract forms of his Harlem Hybrid (1976) seem to draw together elements of the surroundings while creating a dynamic environment of their own. Richard Hunt: Framed and Extended explores three lesser-known but integral aspects of Hunt’s art—printmaking, small-scale sculpture and wall sculpture—that share a vocabulary with the public commissions and express the same sense of lightness and vitality. The exhibition’s title, drawn from one of Hunt’s wall sculptures, testifies to the artist’s practice of sculpture as the three-dimensional counterpart to drawing. The exhibition brings together some seventeen works that span Hunt’s career. These range from the bold, angular lines of his print Untitled (1965) and the sweeping, gestural combination of abstracted organic forms and hard-edged geometry in the freestanding Hybrid Form #3 (1970) to his Wall Piece Two and Wall Piece Seven (both 1989) and the recent freestanding Spiral Odyssey II (2014). When the artist Richard Hunt conceived Harlem Hybrid, a welded bronze sculpture on a traffic island at West 125th Street, he intended for it to blend in with its surroundings: the triangular plaza it sat on, the church across the street, the street itself. What he did not expect was for the abstract piece, which was installed in 1976, to become so much a part of the environment that during the 1980s, homeless men took to sleeping under it, flames from barrel fires scarred it, and urine oxidized it before its time. Despite its prominent place in Roosevelt Triangle — where 125th Street, Morningside Avenue and Hancock Place intersect — the 5,500-pound sculpture was nearly invisible to passers-by, hidden by graffiti and overgrown shrubbery. In a neighborhood that had more pressing problems, the sculpture was allowed to slowly corrode. But on Friday, Mr. Hunt, 72, one of the foremost African-American sculptors of his time, watched as Parks Department employees and volunteer graduate students finished wiping away years of accumulated graffiti, remnants of old posters and stickers, and 15 layers of black paint in an effort to return the work to its original bronze luster. For an hour or so, Mr. Hunt, gray-haired and soft-spoken, could not help but beam with pride. He watched the conservationists and graduate students scrub, buff and polish the sheets of bronze he had welded together to mimic the angle of the roofline of the nearby church and its arches. Continue reading the main storyAt one point, he excused himself to get a camera from his bag so he could take photos. Mr. Hunt said he had chosen the location and designed the sculpture to be interactive — an object that children could climb upon and where people could sit. The human contact would be mutually beneficial: oils from the skin and the rubbing against clothing would eventually give the bronze a weathered patina. That the sculpture became something more — and less — than Mr. Hunt’s ideal, was something he said he did not mind. “You don’t anticipate all the forms of interaction,” he said dryly. “Once an artist puts a piece out as a public sculpture, it’s on its own — kind of like when your child gets out of college. A lot of people believe art should be respected. But this is not a sculpture of a saint.” Photo Richard Hunt standing in front of his sculpture “Harlem Hybrid." Credit Librado Romero/The New York TimesHarlem Hybrid is one of dozens of public sculptures that Mr. Hunt, a Chicago native, has created across the country. He has also been the subject of a solo exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, and his work has been included in the Metropolitan Museum of Art collection. Mr. Hunt pointed out that during the Renaissance, when artists sought to achieve the sort of pretty green patina that is part of the natural corrosion process — and that Harlem Hybrid had accumulated toward its bottom sections — they would treat their bronze with urine to accelerate the chemical interaction. But if there was one thing that did bother him about the treatment of Harlem Hybrid, it was in the late 1980s, when the Parks Department began to layer shiny black acrylic paint on it to conceal graffiti. Newsletter Sign UpContinue reading the main storyNew York TodayEach morning, get the latest on New York businesses, arts, sports, dining, style and more. Enter your email address Sign UpYou will receive emails containing news content, updates and promotions from The New York Times. You may opt-out at any time. SEE SAMPLE PRIVACY POLICY OPT OUT OR CONTACT US ANYTIME“That was a low point,” Mr. Hunt said. “It’s one thing to have various patinas applied. ...” The restoration of Harlem Hybrid is part of the Citywide Monuments Conservation Program, which uses its annual budget of about $200,000 — most of it from private sources, like the History Channel and the Samuel H. Kress Foundation — to refurbish the city’s more than 1,000 monuments, including 300 major statues. Since 1997, the year the program was founded, about 50 sculptures have been restored, said Jonathan Kuhn, director of the Park Department’s Arts and Antiquities program, which oversees the conservation work. Christine Djuric, the Park Department’s monuments conservator, said Harlem Hybrid was chosen for restoration because it was in such poor repair. “There are very few monuments or sculptures in this kind of condition,” she said. After an application of ammonium sulfide to give the sculpture a chemical patina, and a coat of wax to help make the job of scrubbing away future graffiti a bit easier, the restoration work will be finished during the next several days. The entire process will have taken about three weeks. On Friday, people finally stopped to ask about a sculpture that they had walked past for years. Hassan Bey, 40, who has lived in the neighborhood for much of his life, looked at it closely for the first time. “It’s presentable,” he said. “I don’t know what it is, though. On one side it looks like an elephant. Over there, it looks like a box. What is it? Region of Origin: United States, Artist: Richard Hunt (September 12, 1935), Listed By: Dealer or Reseller, Date of Creation: 1970-1989, Features: Signed, Width (Inches): 7 1/2, Subject: HYBRID FORM, Originality: Original, Height (Inches): 10 3/8

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