Vogt THE EGYPTIAN WAR OF 1882, Egypt BOMBARDMENT of ALEXANDRIA Suez BRITISH ARMY

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller dilapsus (6.910) 100%, Location: Flamborough, Bridlington, Ships to: Americas, Europe, Asia, AU, Item: 123759530918 The Egyptian War of 1882 by Lieut.-Colonel Hermann Vogt of the German Army A Translation This is the 1883 First English Edition, in worn condition Front cover and spine Further images of this book are shown below Publisher and place of publication Dimensions in inches (to the nearest quarter-inch) London: Kegan Paul, Trench & Co., 1, Paternoster Square 5¼ inches wide x 8 inches tall Edition Length 1883 First English Edition [ix] + 228 pages + 47 page Publisher’s catalogue Condition of covers Internal condition Original blind-ruled red cloth gilt. The front cover is rubbed and marked with some variation in colour and a crease across the top corner. The rear cover is also rubbed and marked but with a distinct line of fading along the edge. The spine is quite soiled and very dull, such that the titling is hard to read. There is a one-inch split in the rear spine gutter from the head and a slightly shorter split in the front spine gutter. The spine ends and corners are bumped and frayed with further splits in the cloth, including some minor loss at the spine ends. The inner hinges are cracked: the front hinge is badly cracked but has been partially re-glued; the cracking to the rear hinge is not as severe but this has also been partially re-glued. The text is clean throughout on noticeably tanned paper. Some pages have minor nicks or tears at the edges (for example, page 41 below) and the edge of the text block is a little ragged in places, with some corners also being creased. There is some separation between the inner gatherings. Half of the large folding map at the end is missing (the remaining half is shown as the final image below). Dust-jacket present? Other comments No Although somewhat trite, the usual proviso applies: this First English Edition does have some condition issues, but nothing untoward in a volume that is over 135 years' old. The covers are dull and worn, with some damage to the spine; internally, the text is clean throughout, though only half the folding map at the end remains, and there has been a repair to the inner hinges. Illustrations, maps, etc Contents No illustrations are called for; there are two folding plans at the end (which are complete) and a large folding map (only half of which now remains) : all are shown below. Please see below for details Post & shipping information Payment options The packed weight is approximately 700 grams. Full shipping/postage information is provided in a panel at the end of this listing. Payment options : UK buyers: cheque (in GBP), debit card, credit card (Visa, MasterCard but not Amex), PayPal International buyers: credit card (Visa, MasterCard but not Amex), PayPal Full payment information is provided in a panel at the end of this listing. The Egyptian War of 1882 Contents Introduction The Bombardment of Alexandria Egypt and the Egyptians The Suez Canal The British Army Before the 18th of August The 19th of August to the 12th of September From the 13th to the 15th of September Conclusion The Egyptian War of 1882 Translator’s Preface The following pages are translated from an account of the Egyptian campaign recently written by an officer of the German army. A few slight corrections have been made of errors in matters of fact, easily ascertainable now that the war is over. As regards the writer's opinion of the conduct, the capacity, and the possible motives of personages whose actions are brought into view, no observations have been made. The same reserve has been maintained in regard to his judgments of the English government, the war office, the army organization, and the habits and customs which the writer supposes to be characteristic of Englishmen. If the author is sometimes misled about these matters, these misconceptions are of little importance as compared with an independent military criticism, free from partiality or indulgence, A searching review of our military system, its weak points, the difficulties which beset us in sudden emergencies, coming as it does in connection with striking successes in the field, cannot be without its uses. Such criticism will be valuable in proportion as it reflects the military public opinion of the largest and most highly trained army of modern Europe. Author’s Preface The military operations in the Nile territory are practically at an end. The pen of diplomacy will take the place of the sword in reorganizing, we hope permanently, the affairs of Egypt. Without, however, considering the political aspect of the Egyptian question, the proper moment seems to have arrived to describe, briefly and comprehensively, the warlike events that have taken place during the last few months in that historic country. Time alone can completely elucidate the extra-ordinary circumstances, both political and military, connected with this short campaign; and therefore, although the best available information has been used, as well as that afforded by the daily papers, and although a strictly truthful representation of facts has been attempted, many inaccuracies and errors of judgment will, no doubt, be found in the following pages. That it may be hoped that this book will not entirely miss its aim, if it affords to the military student a foundation for more detailed research, and to the general reader an interest in recent events, and a clue to the unravelling of future political transactions. The Author. The Egyptian War of 1882 Excerpt: The Bombardment of Alexandria . . . Admiral Sir Beauchamp Seymour had made his dispositions for action as follows : — 1. For the attack on Fort Meks and the adjoining batteries, the Invincible (used as the flagship during the action only), the Monarch, Penelope, and Tem6raire, supported by the aftmost turret of the Inflexible. 2. To bombard Forts Ada and Pharos, the north-east forts on the Bas-el-Tin peninsula; the Alexandra, Superb, and Sultan, supported by the foremost turret of the Inflexible. 8. The gunboats were at first ordered to remain out of action, and to hold themselves at the disposal of the admiral. On the evening of the 10th of July, the Invincible, Monarch, and Penelope were already anchored to the west of Fort Meks, and at daybreak on the 11th the other ironclads took up the positions assigned to them. There was a gentle breeze from the east, and the weather was clear. At 6.80 a.m. all the ships were cleared for action. At seven the admiral signalled to the Alexandra to fire a shell into Fort Ada. At this time the Alexandra, Sultan, and Superb were steaming to the north-east at a distance of about 1500 to 1900 yards north-west of the lighthouse on Eunostos Point ; the Inflexible lay off the Corvette Pass, about 8700 yards north-west of Fort Meks, the Temeraire off the central channel, at 3500 yards, and the Penelope, Invincible, and Monarch at about 1000 to 1300 yards' distance from the same fort. The gunboats had got up steam, and were waiting for orders. The first shot fired from the Alexandra wad immediately replied to by the Egyptians; whereupon the ships of the whole fleet and the Egyptian forts and batteries opened fire, and the engagement became general. The isolated ships were rather unfavourably placed, as the sun shining from the east rendered it difficult for the gunners to make good practice, while the wind also favoured the Egyptians. A thick cloud of smoke followed the first round of firing, and hung about the ships, making it impossible to see the effect of the shots* The firing could only be directed from the tops. In the mean time the Cygnet came up to take part in the fight, and the Condor opened fire at from eleven to twelve hundred yards' distance on Forts Marabout and Adjemi. This gunboat sustained the fire alone for nearly two hours, when the Bittern and Beacon were signalled to go to her assistance. At eight o'clock several shells had struck the lighthouse and destroyed the sea front of the fort below. The Alexandra, Sultan, and Superb maintained a continuous fire on the forts and batteries from the lighthouse to Fort Pharos. At 8.80 Fort Marsa-el-Kanat was blown up by shells from the Invincible and Monarch, and by nine o'clock the Temeraire, Monarch, and Penelope had silenced most of the guns in Fort Meks, although four defied every effort from their protected situation. By 11.45 Forts Marabout and Adjemi had ceased firing, and a landing party of seamen and marines was despatched, under cover of the Bittern's guns, to spike and blow up the guns in the forts. At 1.30 a shell from the Superb burst in the chief powder magazine of Fort Ada and blew it up. By four o'clock all the guns of Fort Pharos, and half an hour later those of Fort Heks, were disabled, and at 5.30 the admiral ordered the firing to cease. The ships were repeatedly struck, and sustained some damage. The Alexandra (properly the flagship) suffered the most. She received fourteen shots in her hull (between wind and water) ; her launch was destroyed ; one shell pierced the deck and burst in the admiral's cabin ; another burst in the captain's cabin; another went through the funnel and did other damage. No projectiles pierced the armour of any one of the ships. The Sultan and Superb were, however, a good deal knocked about by the enemy's fire. The Superb received twenty-three shots from Port Ada, but for the most part the fire of the forts either fell short of the ships or passed over them. The shells of the Inflexible, weighing 1700 lbs., are said to have had a very demoralizing effect on the Egyptian troops. That the Condor and other gunboats received so little damage is partly due to the smallness of their dimensions, but chiefly to the bad practice of the Egyptian artillerymen. The English casualties were five killed and twenty-eight wounded, a comparatively small loss. The Egyptian loss is not known.* The resistance exhibited by the earthworks to the English shells is worthy of remark. On the 12th the Inflexible and Temeraire again opened fire on Fort Moncrieff, which had repaired damages during the night, but was soon reduced to silence. This operation was carried out with a vigour and rapidity hardly expected by European critics, and brought Sir Beauchamp Seymour's name prominently forward. The continental papers, in which Sir Beauchamp had frequently been represented as a feeble old man, now designated him a determined and energetic commander, undeterred by any scruples from carrying out the orders of his Government. Sir Frederic Beauchamp Seymour is of good family. His father was Sir Horace Beauchamp Seymour, M.P., and his love of the sea was perhaps inherited from his grandfather, vice-admiral Lord Hugh Seymour. He entered the navy on leaving Eton, became lieutenant in 1842, and had his first opportunity for serious experience in his profession ten years later. In the Burmese war of 1852-53 this zealous young naval officer accompanied the land forces, and distinguished himself so much by his courage and ability, that his name was favourably mentioned four times during the campaign. During the Crimean war, Sir Beauchamp, who had meanwhile attained the rank of captain, served with the Baltic fleet, and a few years later held a command in Australian waters. From 1868 to 1870 Sir Beauchamp was secretary to the First Lord of the Admiralty, Mr. Childers, and his rapid advancement dates from this time. In 1872 he became a junior Lord of the Admiralty, and soon afterwards took the command of the Channel Squadron. Three years later, the admiral was transferred to the Mediterranean squadron in the same capacity. Though the many important and responsible posts Sir Beauchamp had filled showed that he was considered as an officer of energy and ability in his own country, his name was little known abroad until the time of the naval demonstration at Dulcigno in 1880, when, as senior admiral present, he took the chief command of the men-of-war of different nations there assembled. We shall not here inquire if the bombardment of Alexandria was justified as a political necessity, or if it can be reconciled with the rights of nations. But merely from a military point of view, it must be characterized as premature, and certainly it was not followed up with the necessary caution and energy. As things were, if even a small force had been landed immediately, it must have completely routed the Egyptian troops, for even the Artillerymen, of whose courage the English reports said so much, had by no means shown themselves heroes. It was not known till afterwards on the continent that Sir Beauchamp Seymour had over-stated the military efficiency of his adversaries in order to add brilliancy to the results of the engagement, although he can hardly have been ignorant of the real state of things. Had the bombardment been postponed until a sufficient number of troops had arrived from Cyprus, Malta, and Gibraltar, the whole complication would probably at once have come to an end. Or even if the admiral had landed all the seamen and marines that could be spared immediately after the bombardment, a military success would have been not only possible, but probable. In any case, the unhappy town would have escaped the fate which now overtook it. As one can hardly assume that the admiral and the English government were not fully aware of these circumstances, it seems obvious that time was purposely afforded to the National party to organize a resistance which it would afterwards be necessary to crush. But whether or not this was the case can scarcely be positively known, as the English government would certainly not own to any such intention. At 1 p.m. on the 12th of July, the white flag was hoisted by the Egyptians. Admiral Seymour demanded, as a preliminary measure, the surrender of the forts commanding the entrance to the harbour, and the negotiations on this point were fruitlessly protracted for some hours. As night approached the city was seen to be on fire in many places, and the flames were spreading in all directions. The English now became aware that the white flag had merely been used as means to gain time for a hasty evacuation of Alexandria by Arabi and his army: Sailors and marines were now landed, and ships of other nations sent detachments on shore to protect their countrymen. But it was too late ; Bedouins, convicts, and ill-disciplined soldiers had plundered and burnt the European quarter, killed many foreigners, and a Reuter's telegram of the 14th said, "Alexandria is completely destroyed." Arabi had retreated along the railway towards Cairo, and had taken up at Kafr Dowar, sixteen miles from Alexandria, a skilfully chosen position, which he began to fortify. His troops were reported to be much demoralized and deserting in large numbers, but there were no English troops to profit by this favourable state of things. The Khedive had remained behind, having betaken himself, during the bombardment, to his palace at Bamleh, where he was now protected from possible danger by English marines. Arabi was now a rebel against his sovereign, and was declared to be so in the following proclamation, which throws a carious and interesting light on the situation, and leaves an opening to the Khedive for future reconciliation . . . * I am informed by an officer present with the Egyptian forces that the garrison of Alexandria numbered eight thousand, and the Egyptian loss during the bombardment was about nine hundred killed and wounded, of whom one hundred and seventy were removed to Cairo. — Translator. Please note: to avoid opening the book out, with the risk of damaging the spine, some of the pages were slightly raised on the inner edge when being scanned, which has resulted in some blurring to the text and a shadow on the inside edge of the final images. Colour reproduction is shown as accurately as possible but please be aware that some colours are difficult to scan and may result in a slight variation from the colour shown below to the actual colour. In line with eBay guidelines on picture sizes, some of the illustrations may be shown enlarged for greater detail and clarity. The two folding plans at the end are complete: Half of the large folding map at the end is missing: U.K. buyers: To estimate the “packed weight” each book is first weighed and then an additional amount of 150 grams is added to allow for the packaging material (all books are securely wrapped and posted in a cardboard book-mailer). The weight of the book and packaging is then rounded up to the nearest hundred grams to arrive at the postage figure. I make no charge for packaging materials and do not seek to profit from postage and packaging. Postage can be combined for multiple purchases. Packed weight of this item : approximately 700 grams Postage and payment options to U.K. addresses: Details of the various postage options can be obtained by selecting the “Postage and payments” option at the head of this listing (above). Payment can be made by: debit card, credit card (Visa or MasterCard, but not Amex), cheque (payable to "G Miller", please), or PayPal. Please contact me with name, address and payment details within seven days of the end of the listing; otherwise I reserve the right to cancel the sale and re-list the item. Finally, this should be an enjoyable experience for both the buyer and seller and I hope you will find me very easy to deal with. If you have a question or query about any aspect (postage, payment, delivery options and so on), please do not hesitate to contact me. International buyers: To estimate the “packed weight” each book is first weighed and then an additional amount of 150 grams is added to allow for the packaging material (all books are securely wrapped and posted in a cardboard book-mailer). The weight of the book and packaging is then rounded up to the nearest hundred grams to arrive at the shipping figure. I make no charge for packaging materials and do not seek to profit from shipping and handling. Shipping can usually be combined for multiple purchases (to a maximum of 5 kilograms in any one parcel with the exception of Canada, where the limit is 2 kilograms). Packed weight of this item : approximately 700 grams International Shipping options: Details of the postage options to various countries (via Air Mail) can be obtained by selecting the “Postage and payments” option at the head of this listing (above) and then selecting your country of residence from the drop-down list. For destinations not shown or other requirements, please contact me before buying. Due to the extreme length of time now taken for deliveries, surface mail is no longer a viable option and I am unable to offer it even in the case of heavy items. I am afraid that I cannot make any exceptions to this rule. Payment options for international buyers: Payment can be made by: credit card (Visa or MasterCard, but not Amex) or PayPal. I can also accept a cheque in GBP [British Pounds Sterling] but only if drawn on a major British bank. Regretfully, due to extremely high conversion charges, I CANNOT accept foreign currency : all payments must be made in GBP [British Pounds Sterling]. This can be accomplished easily using a credit card, which I am able to accept as I have a separate, well-established business, or PayPal. Please contact me with your name and address and payment details within seven days of the end of the listing; otherwise I reserve the right to cancel the sale and re-list the item. Finally, this should be an enjoyable experience for both the buyer and seller and I hope you will find me very easy to deal with. If you have a question or query about any aspect (shipping, payment, delivery options and so on), please do not hesitate to contact me. Prospective international buyers should ensure that they are able to provide credit card details or pay by PayPal within 7 days from the end of the listing (or inform me that they will be sending a cheque in GBP drawn on a major British bank). Thank you. (please note that the book shown is for illustrative purposes only and forms no part of this listing) Book dimensions are given in inches, to the nearest quarter-inch, in the format width x height. Please note that, to differentiate them from soft-covers and paperbacks, modern hardbacks are still invariably described as being ‘cloth’ when they are, in fact, predominantly bound in paper-covered boards pressed to resemble cloth. Fine Books for Fine Minds I value your custom (and my feedback rating) but I am also a bibliophile : I want books to arrive in the same condition in which they were dispatched. For this reason, all books are securely wrapped in tissue and a protective covering and are then posted in a cardboard container. If any book is significantly not as described, I will offer a full refund. Unless the size of the book precludes this, hardback books with a dust-jacket are usually provided with a clear film protective cover, while hardback books without a dust-jacket are usually provided with a rigid clear cover. The Royal Mail, in my experience, offers an excellent service, but things can occasionally go wrong. However, I believe it is my responsibility to guarantee delivery. If any book is lost or damaged in transit, I will offer a full refund. Thank you for looking. Please also view my other listings for a range of interesting books and feel free to contact me if you require any additional information Design and content © Geoffrey Miller Condition: A detailed description of this item's current condition is given in the listing below but please do not hesitate to contact me if you require any further information., Non-Fiction Subject: History & Military, Year Printed: 1883, Binding: Hardback, Author: Lieut.-Colonel Hermann Vogt, Language: English, Publisher: Kegan Paul, Trench & Co., Place of Publication: London, Special Attributes: 1st Edition

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