International Tile Co.- c1884 - Plums & Grapes -Antique Victorian Majolica Tile

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Seller: classicfantasyartworks (3.007) 100%, Location: Ocala, Florida, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 143381794254 International Tile Company of New York - Circa 1884 "Plums & Grapes" -- Victorian - Monochrome Glaze - Molded Majolica - American Production -- A rare American majolica hearth tile, featuring relief molded design of plums and grapes on branch with leaves, glazed in a deep walnut brown, created by the International Tile Company, of Brooklyn, NY in 1884. Condition: Very Good. This tile displays some glaze burnishing upon its high relief surfaces, the result of it being constantly cleaned and polished over its service life, by the hands of Victorian era maids. The tile has been cleaned of all wax and soot, but is yet darkened by them. The application of modern waxes may be considered, as well as the spraying the tile surface with clear gloss designed for the purpose of restoring brilliance on worn tile. The verso displays a bar type grip pattern, which is fully embossed with the ITC address and knot. A Bit Of Tile History The International Tile Company, of Brooklyn, N.Y. was the first tile manufacturer in America, to make English-type, transfer-printed, molded relief, and encaustic tiles, to capitalize on the newly kindled lust for such tiles in the American Upper Class, created by the Great Pennsylvania Exposition of 1876. Entirely owned, financed, and managed by an English consortium, comprised of Irish and English nobility, every piece of this new company's equipment, all of its ceramic artists and craftsmen were imported from Europe, along with the company's entire administrative staff. The unskilled, and easily trained for positions, used local labor sources. By late 1883, the International Tile Company was producing tiles at 92 Third Street, Brooklyn--near the Gowanus Canal, where its raw materials could easily be off-loaded and its tiles easily shipped. However, the ambitions of the original investors, who were themselves..not ceramic professionals, nor experienced marketers..found they could not compete with the massive tile companies of England, which had fully established marketing outlets in America, unsoiled reputations, and massive production capabilities, which allowed them an advantage of price. So, by 1886, the English owners sold the International Tile Company to the "Arbuckle Coffee Company." The factory stopped all of its art tile production after the British left. So, the years of art tile production by the International Tile Company were very few, producing only 125-150 tile designs. This makes any art tile created by the ITC rare. Only a few interior art tile installations, using ITC tiles are known, and these are fireplace surrounds. Our ITC tile is from an American fireplace surround design from 1884. We have included photographs of two antique fireplaces in America, which include the use of this same ITC majolica tile. Both these fireplaces are located within Victorian mansions in New York. Plus, a photo of the factory building itself. Please examine the high-resolution scans to determine the exact state of this tile. Size: 6" x 6" * Maker: International Tile Co. * Style: Majolica * Date: Circa 1884 1/2055850 Primary Material: White dust pressed Clay, Type: Embossed Majolica, Style: Victorian, Age: 1850-1899, Maker: Internationa Tile Co. of New York, Original/Reproduction: Original, Pattern: Pictorial, Color: Brown, Country/Region of Origin: United States

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