Camille Billops African American Artist 1970 Sculpture 14 1/2" Rare Signed

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Seller: collectiblecollectiblecollectible (625) 100%, Location: Ann Arbor, Michigan, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 333105869936 CAMILLE BILLOPS African American artist early work from 1970 , POTTERY PLATE, 14 1/2" INCH DIAMETER SIGNED C. Billops11/70No Pb Billops, Camille J. (b. Los Angeles, CA, 1933; active New York, NY, 2007) Bibliography and ExhibitionsMONOGRAPHS AND SOLO EXHIBITIONS:Atlanta (GA). Clark College. CAMILLE BILLOPS. 1990. Solo exhibition.BILLOPS, CAMILLE. My Life in Art: An Autobiographical Essay. 1977. In: Black Art Quarterly 1 (Summer 1977):31-51.BILLOPS, CAMILLE (Dir.). Suzanne, Suzanne [Film]. 1982. Documentary short film about Billops's niece Suzanne's triumph over drug addiction and the family legacy of a physically abusive father. Screened at New Directors-New Films, Museum of Modern Art, NY (1983), and on Independent Focus, Ch. 13. 16mm. Sd., b&w. 25 min.BILLOPS, CAMILLE (Dir.). Take Your Bags (Video). 1998. A commentary on slavery, ancestors, and African influences on European art. Billops appears in front of the camera with the young Keita Omowali Erksine, who listens quietly as Billops tells stories. Commissioned by the 1998 National Black Arts Festival, invited to participate in the 1999 Sundance Film Festival. [Distributed by Third World Newsreel.] Film; color, sd.; 11 min.BILLOPS, CAMILLE (Dir.). The KKK Boutique Ain't Just Rednecks [Film]. 1994. Based loosely on Dante's vision of hell, this documentary/fantasy confronts the complexities of covert racism. National Black Programming Consortium - Best Documentary/ Black Maria Film Festival Award. 16mm. Sd., col. 77 min.BILLOPS, CAMILLE (Dir.) and James Hatch. A String of Pearls [Film]. 2002. Documentary film. The third in Billops's trilogy of films about her family. "A String of Pearls" turns the camera to four generations of men in Camille's family and considers why their fathers died so young. ["Premiere" film for the Planet Africa series at the Toronto Film Festival in 2002.] Film. Sd., color. 57 min.BILLOPS, CAMILLE (Dir.) and James Hatch. Older Women and Love [Film]. 1987. Documentary film. An investigation into social attitudes towards relationships between older women and younger men. Film. Sd., col. 26 min.BILLOPS, CAMILLE and James Hatch (Dir.). Finding Christa (Film). 1991. Autobiographical documentary film. Winner, Grand Jury Prize for Documentary Film, 1992 Sundance Film Festival. The filmmaker reunites with the daughter she gave up for adoption twenty years before. Attention to both the daughter's search and the mother's feelings. Actually more of a docudrama, filmed many years after the actual reunion. Music, Christa Victoria. [Distributed on VHS.] Film. Sd., col. 55 min.Bronx (NY). Bronx Museum of the Arts. CAMILLE BILLOPS. 1981. Solo exhibition.Cairo (Egypt). Gallerie Akhenaton. CAMILLE BILLOPS. 1965. Solo exhibition of sculpture.Charlotte (NC). Hodges Taylor Gallery. CAMILLE BILLOPS. 1997. Solo exhibition. [Review by Ann Shengold in Art Papers Vol. 21 (September/October 1997):61.]Charlotte (NC). University of North Carolina. CAMILLE BILLOPS. 1993. Solo exhibition.Cutler, Janet. Don’t Say Mammy: CAMILLE BILLOPS's Meditations on Motherhood. New York: SUNY Press, 2010. In: Motherhood Misconceived (Heather Addison, Mary Kate Goodwin-Kelly, and Elaine Roth, eds. SUNY Press, forthcoming 2010.)FORBES, DENNIS. Studios and Workspaces of Black Artists. Self-published, 2008. 328 pp., color photographs of 84 African American artists in their studios; brief interviews with most. Includes: Benny Andrews, Radcliffe Bailey, Camille Billops, John Brown, Don Camp, Nanette Carter, Ed Clark, Adger Cowans, David Driskell, Robert Duncanson, Reginald Gammon, Lamerol A. Gatewood, Sam Gilliam, Sebastian Green, Phillip Hampton, Leon Hicks, Ed Hughes, Calvin Jones, Edward Lopez, Floyd Newsum, Martin Payton, Senghor Reid, Evita Tezeno, Ruth Waddy and many others. 4to, cloth, d.j.Hamburg (Germany). Amerika Haus. CAMILLE BILLOPS. 1976. Solo exhibition.Hamburg (Germany). Buchhandlung Welt. CAMILLE BILLOPS: Book of the Dead Performance Piece. 1980. Solo exhibition.Hamburg (Germany). Foto-Falle Gallery. CAMILLE BILLOPS. 1976. Solo exhibition.Hatch, James V. and Suzanne Noguere, with CAMILLE BILLOPS (illus.). The Stone House: A Blues Legend. New York: Hatch-Billops Collection, 2000. 148 pp. prose, poetry, and visual art by Camille Billops. 4to, blue cloth with tipped-in color plate, matching blue slipcase. First ed.Hempstead (NY). Calkins Gallery, Hofstra University. CAMILLE BILLOPS. 1986. Solo exhibition.Ibn Ismail, Ibrahim, Hatch, James V. and CAMILLE BILLOPS (illus.). Poems for Niggers and Crackers. [Cairo, Egypt?: self-published], 1965. 64 pp. This edition contains 6 b&w illustrations by Camille Billops. In English. 8vo (21 cm.), stapled wraps. First ed.Jones, Kellie. CAMILLE BILLOPS. 1985. In: Black American Literature Forum 19, No. 1 (Spring 1985):3.Kaohsiung (Taiwan). Chau Yea Gallery. CAMILLE BILLOPS. 1983. Solo exhibition.Karachi (Pakistan). American Center. CAMILLE BILLOPS. 1983. Solo exhibition.Lekatsas, Barbara. Encounters: The Film Odyssey of CAMILLE BILLOPS. 1991. In: Black American Literature Forum 25, No. 2 (Summer 1991):395-409.Lewis, Samella. CAMILLE BILLOPS: An Interview. 1993. In: The International Review of African American Art Vol. 10, no. 4 (Spring 1993):24-38, color illus. 4to, wraps.Makung (China). Pescadores Hsien Library. CAMILLE BILLOPS. 1983. Solo exhibition.Mendes, Guy (Dir.). ELLIS WILSON: So Much to Paint (Video). KET Production, 2000. This documentary puts Ellis Wilson and his work into both historical and artistic contexts. A pioneer in his choice of subject matter, Wilson was also a stylistic innovator who used bold geometric shapes and bright colors to celebrate the dignity and the hopes of ordinary people. Friends, colleague, and critics who speak about the artist include: Jazz musician Orville Hammond, O.R. Dathorne, Margaret R. Vendryes, and Camille Billops. VHS-NTSC: color; sd; 60 min.New York (NY). Ornette Coleman's Artist House. CAMILLE BILLOPS. December 11-22, 1973. Exhib. brochure. Solo exhibition.New York (NY). Otto Rene Castillo Cultural Center. CAMILLE BILLOPS. 1983. Solo exhibition.New York (NY). P.S.4. CAMILLE BILLOPS: On Stage (Stage Left) and (Stage Right), The Library, and Good Morning in New York, 1996. c.1997. 4 handpainted ceramic tile murals installed at P.S. 4, (500 W. 160 St., NYC).New York (NY). Wilmer Jennings Gallery at Kenkeleba House. CAMILLE BILLOPS: The Minstrel Series - Drawings. November 7-December 31, 1993. Solo exhibition. Exhibition announcement.Newark (NJ). Aljira, A Center for Contemporary Art. CAMILLE BILLOPS. 1997. Solo exhibition.Newark (NJ). Rutgers University. CAMILLE BILLOPS. 1977. Solo exhibition.Pine Bluff (AR). Southeast Arkansas Arts and Sciences Center. CAMILLE BILLOPS. 1984. Solo exhibition.Pittsburgh (PA). Manchester Craftmen's Guild. CAMILLE BILLOPS. January 30-February 12, 1989. Solo exhibition.Plainfield (NJ). Gallery at Quaker Corner. CAMILLE BILLOPS. 1986. Solo exhibition.Purchase (NY). Neuberger Museum of Art, SUNY-Purchase. MELVIN EDWARDS Sculpture: A Thirty-Year Retrospective 1933-1993. 1993. 144 pp. retrospective exhib. cat., 164 illus. (16 in color). chronol. with photos by Lynne Kenny, bibliog. Text by Lucinda Gedeon, with additional texts by Michael Brenson, Josephine Gear, Lowery Stokes Sims. The first major retrospective on this highly important contemporary African American sculptor. Well researched, with numerous other artists mentioned throughout: Herman Kofi Bailey, Marvin Harden, Daniel LaRue Johnson, Charles White, Milton Young, Benny Andrews, Ed Bereal, Camille Billops, the artist's grandfather James Benjamin Edwards, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, William Majors, Hale Woodruff, Malcolm Bailey, Romare Bearden, Gwendolyn Bennett, Norman Lewis, William T. Williams, Emma Amos, Frank Bowling, Peter Bradley, Vivian Browne, Ed Clark, Emilio Cruz, Al Loving, Bill Rivers, Jack Whitten, Bob Blackburn, Ernest Crichlow, Sam Gilliam, Lloyd McNeill, Frank Stewart, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Bill Hutson, Tom Feelings, Houston Conwill, Betye Saar, Grace Stanislaus, Beverly Buchanan, Tyrone Mitchell. 4to, wraps. First ed.Smith, Valerie. Photography, Narrative and Ideology in Suzanne Suzanne and Finding Christa by Camille Billops and James V. Hatch. 1999. In: Marianne Hirsch, ed. The Familial Gaze, Dartmouth, 1999. 8vo (9.1 x 6.1 in.), wraps.Spottswood, Toni. CAMILLE BILLOPS: archivist extraordinaire. 2001. In: The International Review of African American Art Vol. 18, no. 1 (2001):18-19. 4to, wraps.Taipei (Taiwan). American Cultural Center. CAMILLE BILLOPS. 1983. Solo exhibition.Winston-Salem (NC). Winston-Salem State University. CAMILLE BILLOPS: One-Woman Art Exhibit. September 1-19, 1974. Exhibition catalogue, biog. Lyceum Visiting Artists Series. Wraps.Wolfe, George C. CAMILLE BILLOPS. 1986. In: Issue: A Journal for Artists (Spring 1986): 26-29.York, Hildreth. BOB BLACKBURN and the Printmaking Workshop. 1986. In: Black American Literature Forum 20, No. 1/2 (Spring - Summer, 1986):81-95. Includes brief mention of Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Vivian Browne, Eldzier Cortor, Melvin Edwards, Robin Holder (with photo), Mohammad O. Khalil, Norman Lewis, Otto Neals, Mavis Pusey, Vincent Smith and John Wilson. [See: http://negroartist.com/writings/art.htm]GENERAL BOOKS AND GROUP EXHIBITIONS:ACTON, DAVID. A Spectrum of Innovation: Color in American Printmaking (1890-1960). New York: W.W. Norton, 1990. Includes: Fred Becker, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton.ALEXANDER, GEORGE, ed. Why We Make Movies: Black Filmmakers Talk About the Magic of Cinema. New York: Harlem Moon/Broadway Books, 2003. xiv, 528, b&w illus., filmography. Interviews with Melvin van Peebles, Michael Schultz, Charles Burnett, Spike Lee, Robert Townsend, Fred Williamson, Ernest Dickerson, Keenan Ivory Wayans, Bill Duke, Forest Whitaker, Julie Dash, Kasi Lemmons, Gina Prince Blythewood, John Singleton, George Tillman, Jr., Reginald Hudlin, Warrington Hudlin, Malcolm Lee, Euzhan Palcy, Doug Greaves, Kathe Sandler, Camille Billops, Haile Gerima, Gordon Parks, Ossie Davis, Doug McHenry, Lee Daniels, St. Clair Bourne, Stanley Nelson, Orlando Bagwell, Carl Franklin, Debra Martin Chase, Manthia Diawara. 4to, wraps. First ed.ANDREWS, BENNY and Rudolf Baranik, eds. Attica Book. South Hackensack, NJ: Customs Communications Systems, 1972. By the Black Emergency Cultural Coalition and Artists and Writers Protest Against the War in Vietnam. ix, 47 leaves, b&w illus. Artists & poets. Includes numerous African American artists: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Vivian Browne, Dana Chandler, Leroy Clarke, Art Coppedge, J. Brooks Dendy, Melvin Edwards, Al Hollingsworth, Manuel Hughes, Cliff Joseph, Jacob Lawrence, Faith Ringgold, Vincent Smith. (Numerous leftist white artists involved as well: Antonioni Frasconi, Leon Golub, Jacob Landau, Alice Neel, Robert Morris, Nancy Spero, Ronald King, D. Cusic, among others.) Folio (36 x 28 cm.), pictorial wraps. First ed.ATHENS (OH). Ohio University. Maternal Metaphors II: Artists/Mothers/Artwork. September 12- October 16, 2006. Group exhibition of 22 women artists including one African American: Camille Billops.ATLANTA (GA). National Black Arts Festival. Selected Essays: Art & Artists from the Harlem Renaissance to the 1980's. July 30-August 7, 1988. Ed. Crystal A. Britton. Exhibs., biogs., bibliog. Foreword by A. Michelle Smith. Texts by Richard Long, M. Akua McDaniel, Tina M. Dunkley, Judith Wilson, Dr. Leslie King-Hammond, Gylbert Coker, Lisa Tuttle, Richard Hunt, Beverly Buchanan, Lucinda H. Gedeon, Amalia Amaki, Published to accompany the inaugural exhibition of the National Black Arts Festival. 145 featured artists include: Charles Alston, Emma Amos, William Anderson, Benny Andrews, Anna Arnold, John W. Arterbery, William Artis, Ellsworth Ausby, Herman Kofi Bailey, Henry Bannarn, Ellen Banks, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Garry Bibbs, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Robert Blackburn, Shirley Bolton, Michael D. Brathwaite, William A. Bridges, Jr., Vivian A. Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Calvin Burnett, David Butler, Carole Byard, Felix Casas, David Mora Catlett, Elizabeth Catlett, Colin Chase, Ed Clark, Kevin Cole, Larry W. Collins, Noel Copeland, Lonnie Crawford, Robert S. Duncanson, Damballah (Dolphus Smith), Alonzo Davis, Roy DeCarava, Joseph Delaney, Chuck Douglas, Sam Doyle, David C. Driskell, James E. Dupree, Melvin Edwards, Michael Ellison, Jonathan Eubanks, James Few, Thomas Jefferson Flanagan, Frederick C. Flemister, Roland L. Freeman, John W. Gaines, IV, Herbert Gentry, Eddie M. Granderson, Kevin Hamilton, Michael Harris, William Harris, Palmer Hayden, William M. Hayden, Charnelle D. Holloway, Jenelsie W. Holloway, Manuel Hughes, Margo Humphrey, Malvin G. Johnson, William H. Johnson, Frederick Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Seitu Ken Jones, Jack Jordan, Robert W. Kelly, Gary Jackson Kirksey, Frank D. Knox, Jacob Lawrence, Spencer Lawrence, Thomas Laidman, Ron Lee, Roosevelt Lenard, Leon Leonard, Samella Lewis, Henri Linton, Romeyn Van Vleck Lippman, Juan Logan, Ulysses Marshall, Richard Mayhew, Geraldine McCullough, Juanita Miller, Gary Lewis Moore, George W. Mosely, J.B. Murry, Frank W. Neal, Otis Neals, Cecil D. Nelson, Jr., James Newton, Ronnie A. Nichols, Hayward Oubré, John Payne, Maurice Pennington, K. Joy Ballard-Peters, Howardena Pindell, John Pinderhughes, Gary Porter, Hugh Lawrence Potter, Richard J. Powell, Leslie K. Price, Mavis Pusey, Patricia Ravarra, James Reuben Reed, Calvin Reid, Patricia Richardson, Gregory D. Ridley, Jr., Faith Ringgold, Malkia Roberts, Christopher Wade Robinson, John D. Robertson, Sandra Rowe, Mahler B. Ryder, Martysses Rushin, JoeSam, Jewel W. Simon, Karl Sinclair, William G. Slack, Dolores S. Smith, Hughie Lee-Smith, Mary T. Smith, Mei Tei-Sing Smith, Henry Spiller, Freddie L. Styles, Henry O. Tanner, James 'Son' Thomas, Phyllis Thompson, Chris Walker, King Walker, Larry Walker, Delores West, Charles White, Charlotte Riley-Webb, Emmett Wigglesworth, Carleton F. Wilkinson, Michael Kelly Williams, William T. Williams, Ellis Wilson, Stanley C. Wilson, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Richard Yarde. Oblong 4to, wraps. First ed.ATLANTA (GA). Neighborhood Arts Center. Graphic Art by Afro-American Artists: The Tougaloo Collection. March 8-April 5, 1987. Group exhibition. Included: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, John Biggers, Bob Blackburn, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Romare Bearden, Elizabeth Catlett, Floyd Coleman, Eldzier Cortor [as Elzier], Ernest Crichlow, David Driskell, Thomas Eloby, Lawrence Jones, Edward McCluney, Mavis Pusey, Raymond Saunders, Alvin Smith, William Taylor, Charles White, Walter Williams, Hale Woodruff.ATLANTA (GA). Spelman College Museum. Cinema Remixed and Reloaded: Black Women Artists and the Moving Image Since 1970, Parts I & II. September 14-December 8, 2007. 196 pp. exhib. cat., color illus., checklist. Groundbreaking exhibition featuring short cinema and video art by more than 40 black women artists. Curated by Andrea Barnwell Brownlee and Valerie Cassel Oliver. Additional texts by Isolde Brielmaier, Rhea L. Combs, Romi Crawford, Makeba Dixon-Hill, Leslie King-Hammond, Lowery Stokes Sims, Merrill Falkenberg and Anne Collins Smith. Artists included: Ina Diane Archer, Elizabeth Axtman, Camille Billops, Carroll Parrott Blue, Maria Magdalena Campos-Pons, Zoe Charlton, Ayoka Chenzira, Ogechi Chieke, Julie Dash, Zeinabu Irene Davis, Stephanie Dinkins, Cheryl Dunye, Debra Edgerton, Shari Frilot, Colette Gaiter, Leah Gilliam, Renée Green, Marguerite Harris, Maren Hassinger, Pamela Jennings, Lauren Kelly, Yvette Mattern, Bradley McCallum and Jacqueline Tarry, Wangechi Mutu, Senga Nengudi, Michelle Parkerson, Jessica Ann Peavy, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Tracey Rose, Eve Sandler, Berni Searle, Xaviera Simmons, Lorna Simpson, Pamela Sunstrum, Jocelyn Taylor, Kara Walker, Carrie Mae Weems, Paula Wilson, Lauren Woods. [Traveled to Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, October 18, 2008-January 4, 2009.] Sq. 4to (10.2 x 10.2), wraps.ATLANTA (GA). Trevor Arnett Hall, Clark Atlanta University Art Galleries. Women Enchanting Muses. January 15-April 30, 2013. Group exhibition of work selected from the Cochran Collection. Curated by Tina Dunkley and Christopher Hickey. Included: Emma Amos, Trena Banks, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Vivian Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Maren Hassinger, Cynthia Hawkins, Margo Humphrey, Lois Mailou Jones, Valerie Maynard, Norma Morgan, Mary Lovelace O’Neal, Stepnie Pogue, Tochell Puryear, Mavis Pusey, Barbara Chase Riboud, Faith Ringgold, Aminah Robinson, Betye Saar, Alma Thomas, Mildred Thompson, and Joyce Wellman.ATLANTA (GA). Woodruff Arts Center, Atlanta College of Art. 1938-1988, The Work of Five Black Women Artists. July 8-August 7, 1988. (10) pp., 5 color illus., exhib. checklist of 34 works, notes on the artists. Text by Lisa Tuttle. Includes: Camille Billops, Margo Humphrey, Lois Mailou Jones, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold. Exhibition held in conjunction with the National Black Arts Festival. 10-sided folding sheet. Folded to 23 cm.Beauford, Fred, ed. Black Creation: A Quarterly Review of Black Arts and Letters Vol. 6 (1974-5). 1974-75. Includes: Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews ("The Big Bash." Fiction), Emmanuel V. Asihene, Cleveland J. Bellow, Camille Billops ["Contemporary Egyptian Art"], Bob Blackburn, Kay Brown, Vivian Browne, Linda Goode Bryant, Selma Burke, Elizabeth Catlett, Gylbert Coker, Art Coppedge, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Roy DeCarava, Joseph Delaney, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Sarah Duffy, Joseph Geran, Ray Gibson, Palmer Hayden, Adrienne Hoard, Richard Hunt, Nigel Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Rosalind Jeffries, Ben Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Tom Lloyd, Edmund Marshall, Valerie Maynard, Lev Mills, Archibald Motley, Otto Neals, Ademola Olugebefola, Hayward Oubre, et al.Black Shades. Black Shades 2 (March 1972). 1972. Includes: Skunder Boghossian, Camille Billops, Leroy Clarke, Jeff Donaldson, Allen A. Fannin, Justin Georges, Richard Hunt, Ben Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Valerie Maynard.BOBO, JACQUELINE, ed. Black Women Film & Video Artists. New York: Routledge, 1998. xviii, 246 pp., filmog., bibliog. 11 critical texts which do much to restore the historic place of black women filmmakers. Includes: Jamika Ajalon, Madeline Anderson, Melvonna Ballenger, Neema Barnette, Camille Billops, Charles Burnett, Carroll Parrott Blue, Ayoka Chenzira, Shirley Clarke, Kathleen Collins, Carmen Coustaut, Julie Dash, Zeinabu Irene Davis, Cheryl Dunye, Monica Freeman, Haile Gerima, Eloyce Gist, Ada Gay Griffin, Alile Sharon Larkin, Carol Munday Lawrence, Spike Lee, O Funmilayo Makarah, Jessie Maple, Salem Mekuria, Michelle Materre, Barbara McCullough, Ngozi Onwurah, Michelle Parkerson, Cyrille Phipps, Bernice Johnson Reagon, Jacqueline Shearer, Dawn Suggs, Ellen Sumter, Jocelyn Taylor, Ayanna Udongo, Yvonne Welbon, Fronza Woods. 8vo, wraps.BONTEMPS, ARNA ALEXANDER, ed. Choosing: An Exhibit of Changing Perspectives in Modern Art and Art Criticism by Black Americans, 1925-1985. Hampton (VA): Hampton University, 1985. 142 pp. exhib. cat., color and b&w illus., biogs., photo and illus. for each artist. Curated by Leslee Stradford. Essays by David Driskell, Keith Morrison (on printmaking), Allan Gordon, and Arna Bontemps include many artists not in the show. Artists exhibited include: Benny Andrews, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Robert Blackburn, Moe Brooker, Vivian E. Browne, Elizabeth Catlett, Catti, Claude Clark, Houston Conwill, Emilio Cruz, Mary Reed Daniel, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, John Dowell, David Driskell, Ed Dwight, Allan Edmunds, Sam Gilliam, Ed Hamilton, Michael Harris, Maren Hassinger, Barkley Hendricks, Robin Holder, Margo Humphrey, Richard Hunt, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Persis Jennings, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Juan Logan, Ed Love, Geraldine McCullough, Lloyd McNeill, Percy Martin, Keith Morrison, Nefertiti, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Joe Overstreet, Gregory Page, Howardena Pindell, Martin Puryear, John Rhoden, Raymond Saunders, Joyce Scott, Clemon Smith, Frank Smith, Vincent Smith, Sylvia Snowden, Nelson Stevens, Lou Stovall, Lloyd McNeill, Robert Stull, Alma Thomas, Eugene Roy Vango, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams, Hale Woodruff, Richard Yarde, James L. Wells, Charles White. [Traveled to Portsmouth Museum, Portsmouth, VA; Chicago State University, Chicago, IL; Howard University, Washington, DC.] 4to, cloth, d.j. First ed.BONTEMPS, ARNA, ed. Forever Free: Art by African-American Women 1862-1980. Hampton: Hampton University and Stephenson Inc., Alexandria, VA, 1980. 214 pp. exhib. cat., 44 color plates, 4 b&w illus., plus b&w thumbnail photos of artists, checklist of 118 works, biogs., bibliogs., colls, exhibs. for each artist. Intro. David Driskell; intro. by Roslyn A. Walker, book-length text by Arna Bontemps and Jacqueline Fonvielle-Bontemps; afterword by Keith Morrison; biogs. by Alan M. Gordon (often with quotes from the artists.) Artists include: Rose Auld, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Vivian E. Browne, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Yvonne Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Catti, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Minnie Evans, Meta Fuller, Ethel Guest, Maren Hassinger, Adrienne Hoard, Varnette Honeywood, Margo Humphrey, Clementine Hunter, Suzanne Jackson, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Lois Mailou Jones, Vivian Key, Edmonia Lewis, Geraldine McCullough, Victoria Susan Meek, Eva Hamlin-Miller, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Winnie Owens, Delilah Pierce, Georgette Powell, Nancy Prophet, Helen Ramsaran, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Sylvia Snowden, Shirley Stark, Ann Tanksley, Alma Thomas, Mildred Thompson, Yvonne Tucker, Annie Walker, Laura Waring, Deborah Wilkins, Viola Wood, Shirley Woodson, Estella Wright, Barbara Zuber. [Traveled to: Center for Visual Arts, Normal, IL; Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts, Montgomery, AL; Indianapolis Museum of Art.] [Review by Susan Willand Worteck, Feminist Studies, Vol. 8, No. 1. (Spring, 1982):97-108.] Large 4to, cloth, pictorial d.j. First ed.BOSTON (MA). Museum of Fine Arts. Jubilee: Afro-American Artists on Afro-America. 1975. 46 pp. exhib. cat., 35 illus., 4 color plates, plus frontis. group photo, biogs., exhibs. for each artist, exhibition checklist. Text by Barry E. Gaither. Includes: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Kwasi Seitu Asante, Roland Ayers, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Calvin Burnett, Dana Chandler, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Barkley Hendricks, Earl Hooks, Arnold James Hurley, Milton Johnson (aka Milton Derr), William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Pierre Le Clere, Archibald Motley, Nefertiti, James Phillips, Anderson Pigatt, Faith Ringgold, Augusta Savage, Charles Searles, Afred J. Smith, Jr., Edgar Sorrells, Nelson Stevens, Barbara Ward, Richard Watson, Pheoris West, Charles White, John Wilson, and Richard Yarde. 4to (28 cm.), stapled lime green wraps, lettered in black. First ed.BRITTON, CRYSTAL A. African-American Art: The Long Struggle. New York: Smithmark, 1996. 128 pp., 107 color plates (mostly full-page and double-page), notes, index. Artists include: Terry Adkins, Charles Alston, Amalia Amaki, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, William E. Artis, Radcliffe Bailey, Xenobia Bailey, James P. Ball, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Edward Mitchell Bannister, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Bob Blackburn, Betty Blayton, David Bustill Bowser, Grafton Tyler Brown, James Andrew Brown, Kay Brown, Vivian Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Carole Byard, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Ed Clark, Robert Colescott, Houston Conwill, Eldzier Cortor, Renée Cox, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Giza Daniels-Endesha, Dave [the Potter], Thomas Day, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Leonardo Drew, Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, Melvin Edwards, Minnie Evans, William Farrow, Gilbert Fletcher, James Forman, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Michele Godwin, David Hammons, Edwin Harleston, William A. Harper, Palmer Hayden, Thomas Heath, white artist Jon Hendricks (no illus.), Robin Holder, May Howard Jackson, Wadsworth Jarrell, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Lois Mailou Jones, Cliff Joseph, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie-Lee Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Juan Logan, Valerie Maynard, Dindga McCannon, Sam Middleton, Scipio Moorhead, Keith Morrison, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Sana Musasama, Marilyn Nance, Gordon Parks, Marion Perkins, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Harriet Powers, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Martin Puryear, Patrick Reason, Gary Rickson, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, Joyce J. Scott, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Lorna Simpson, William H. Simpson, Clarissa Sligh, Frank Smith, Vincent D. Smith, Nelson Stevens, Renée Stout, Freddie L. Styles, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Jean Toche (no illus.), Lloyd Toone, Bill Traylor, James Vanderzee, Annie E. Walker, William Walker, Laura Wheeler Waring, Carrie Mae Weems, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Grace Williams, Michael Kelly Williams, Pat Ward Williams, William T. Williams, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, Hale Woodruff, et al. 4to (32 cm.), pictorial boards, d.j. First ed.BROOKLYN (NY). Buckhorn Association, Community Crossroads. Black Women Artists of Brooklyn and Environs. January 13-20, 1980. 13 pp. exhib. cat. with brief biog. for each artist, illus. Includes: Jennifer M. Allen, Cheryl Barrett, Camille Billops, Carole Blank, Kay Brown, Carole Byard, Violet Chandler, Winifred Chenet, Dimitra, Miriam B. Francis, Mari Holmes, Jamillah Jennings, Natalie Barkley Jones, Onnie Millar, Delores Moffett, Howardena Pindell, Doris Price, Lethia Robertson, Olga Scott, Marian Straw, Dorothy Arrington, Helen Butler, Dorothy Chisholm, Hazel Cox, Mathilda Des Verney, June Clarke-Doar, Mabel Franklin, Hazel Gray, Agnes Griffin, Edith Hunt, Elsie Jones, Arthenia McCoy; Julia Noble; Lena Robinson, Thelma Robinson, Vivienne Tucker, Shirley C. Walker, Mabel A. Williams.BROOKLYN (NY). MoCADA Museum of Contemporary African Diasporan Art. From Challenge to Triumph: African American Prints & Printmaking, 1867-2002. Thru February 22, 2003. Important survey. Artists included: Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Robert Blackburn, Grafton Tyler Brown, Calvin Burnett, Margaret T. Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Crite, David C. Driskell, Allan Freelon, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Linda Hiwot, Robin Holder, Albert Huey, Mary Howard Jennings, Wilmer Jennings, William H. Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Ronald Joseph, Paul Keene, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Whitfield Lovell, Richard Mayhew, Lev T. Mills, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Otto Neals, Hayward Oubré, Howardena Pindell, Vincent Smith, Dread Scott, William E. Scott, Lou Stovall, Raymond Steth, Dox Thrash, Ruth Waddy, Cheryl Warrick, James Lesesne Wells, John Wilson, Charles White, Hale Woodruff.BROOKLYN (NY). Satta Gallery. Unwrapped! Erotic Art by Black Women. November-December 1, 2000. Group exhibition. Included: Yafemi Adenire, Laurel Allen, Bajanalla, Camille Billops, Brenda Branch, Zenzele Browne, Madame C., Bianca Dorsey, Diane Davis, Pat Davis, Carol Foy, June Gaddy, Chantal Gesse, Marion Griffin, Devorah Hill, Linda Hiwot, Charlotte Ka, LaVon Leak, Simone Leigh, Cora Marshall, Vivian McDuffie, Onnie Millar, Coreen Simpson, and Deborah Singletary. [Review: Ken Richardson, NY Daily News, November 13, 2000.]BROOKVILLE (NY). Hillwood Art Museum, Long Island University. BOB BLACKBURN's Printmaking Workshop: Artists of Color. 1992. 62, (2) pp., 74 illus. (8 color plates), biographies of over fifty artists. Intro. by Kay Walkingstick; text by Noah Jemisin. One of the early references to Blackburn's profound influence on the printmaking world, and still not focusing on his own prints. A tribute to the Printmaking Workshop with illus. of more than 70 artists who worked with Blackburn (approximately two thirds of those included are Black artists.) Includes: Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, William Artis, Ellsworth Ausby, Henry Bannarn, Romare Bearden, Hameed Benjamin, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Betty Blayton, Marion Brown, Vivian Browne, Selma Burke, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Adger Cowans, Ernest Crichlow, Nadine DeLawrence, Louis Delsarte, Aaron Douglas, Melvin Edwards, Herbert Gentry, (John) Solace Glenn, Michele Godwin, Rex Goreleigh, Manuel Hughes, Zell Ingram, Noah Jemison, Ronald Joseph, Mohammad Omer Khalil, Jacob Lawrence, Spencer Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Norma Morgan, Sara Murrell, Otto Neals, Nefertiti, Lee Pate, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, AJ Smith, Jr., Vincent Smith, Maxwell Taylor, Luther Vann, Charles White, Michael Kelly Williams, William T. Williams. [One of the most widely circulated exhibitions of African American art. Traveled to: Bronx River Art Center and Gallery, Bronx, NY; Bergstrom-Mahler Museum, Neenah, WI, October 3-November 21, 1993; ; Chicago Public Library, Chicago, IL, July 10-August 28, 1994; Telfair Academy of Art and Sciences, Savannah, GA, December 12, 1994-January 30, 1995; Fisk University, Nashville, TN, September 18, 1994-January 15, 1995; Albany Institute of History & Art, Albany, NY, September 3-December 31, 1995; Edwin A. Ulrich Museum of Art, Wichita State University; Wichita, KS, April 16-June 4, 1995; The Roger Guffey Gallery; Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Kansas City, MO, February 5-March 26, 1995.] Small oblong 4to, wraps. First ed.BROOKVILLE (NY). Hillwood Art Museum, Long Island University. Original Sin. January 16-March 3, 1991. 48 pp. exhib. cat., 2 color plates, over 30 b&w illus. Text by Cassandra Langer. Feminist art exhibition with contemporary work by over 40 artists containing representations of Eve. Includes: Camille Billops, Bessie Harvey, Coreen Simpson, Lorna Simpson, and Clarissa Sligh. 4to, black wraps. First ed.CANTON (NY). Richard F. Brush Art Gallery, Saint Lawrence University. Afro-America ’88: A Dream Deferred?. 1988. Group exhibition. Curated by Joe Lewis. Included: Charles Abramson, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Eldrzier Cortor, Mel Edwards, Darrel Ellis, Sam Gilliam, Palmer Hayden, Jacob Lawrence, Joe Lewis, Al Loving, Sana Musasama, Tyrone Mitchell, Nefertiti, Reg Patrick, Elizabeth N. Prophet, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Augusta Savage, Joyce Scott, Linda Whitaker. [Information courtesy Carole Mathey, Asst. Curator, Richard F. Brush Art Gallery.] Poster.CHARLOTTE (NC). Harvey B. Gantt Center for African American Arts + Culture. Beyond Bearden: Creative Responses. September 2, 2011-January 22, 2012. Group exhibition of artists inspired by Bearden or whose use of collage was affected by his work. Included: Benny Andrews, Maya Freelon Asante, Radcliffe Bailey, Camille Billops, Eugene Campbell, Nanette Carter, Brett Cook-Dizney, Michael Cummings, Louis Delsarte, Wadsworth Jarrell, Kerry James Marshall, Howardena Pindell, Betye Saar, Nelson Stevens, Larry Walker, David Wilson, and Nigerian artist Moyo Okediji.CHARLOTTE (NC). Harvey B. Gantt Center for African American Arts + Culture. Charlotte Collects African American Art. September 10, 2010-January 23, 2011. Group exhibition. Included: Benny Andrews, Radcliffe Bailey, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Nick Cave, Jonathan Green, Jacob Lawrence, Al Loving, Carl Owens, Ann Tanksley, Henry Ossawa Tanner and others.CHARLOTTE (NC). Mint Museum of Art. Scene in America: A Contemporary Look at the Black Male Image. April 19-November 2, 2008. Group exhibition. Included: Romare Bearden, Radcliffe Bailey, Tarleton Blackwell, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Elizabeth Catlett, Benjamin "Old Folks" Davis, Milton Derr, John Hairston, Jr., Samella Lewis, Willie Little, Juan Logan, Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe, T. J. Reddy, Tommie Robinson, Cedric Smith, Charles White, Antoine RAW Williams, and Hale Woodruff. [Review: Meg Freeman Whalen, "Making a Scene," Charlotte Magazine, July 2008: long review, illus.]CHERNICK, MYREL and JENNIE KLEIN, eds. The M Word: Real Mothers in Contemporary Art. Toronto: Demeter Press, 2011. 427 pp., color illus., bibliog. Artists' writings, interviews and art. Includes text by Camille Billops, art by Renée Cox. 8vo (9 x 6 in.), boards.CHIARMONTE, PAULA. Women Artists in the United States. A Selective Bibliography and Resource Guide on the Fine and Decorative Arts, 1750-1986. Boston: G.K. Hall & Co., 1990. Non-black or male artists who were erroneously included are omitted from this list: Eileen Abdulrashid, Mrs. Allen, Charlotte Amevor, Emma Amos, Dorothy Atkins, Joan Cooper Bacchus, Ellen Banks, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Gloria Bohanon, [as Bottanon], Shirley Bolton, Kay Brown, Vivian Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Sheryle Butler, Carole Byard, Catti [as Caiti], Yvonne Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Doris L. Colbert, Luiza Combs, Marva Cremer, Doris Crudup, Oletha Devane, Stephanie Douglas, Eugenia Dunn, Queen Ellis, Annette Lewis Ensley, Minnie Jones Evans, Irene Foreman, Miriam Francis, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Ibibio Fundi [as Ibibin] (a.k.a. Jo Austin), Alice Gafford, Wilhelmina Godfrey [as Wihelmina], Amanda Gordon, Cynthia Hawkins, Kitty L. Hayden, Lana T. Henderson [as Lane], Vernita Henderson, Adrienne Hoard, Jacqui Holmes, Margo Humphrey, Clementine Hunter, Claudia Jane Hutchinson, Martha E. Jackson, May Howard Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Rosalind Jeffries, Marie Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Barbara Jones-Hogu [as Jones-Hogn], Harriet Kennedy, Gwendolyn Knight, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Lewis, Ida Magwood, Mary Manigault, Valerie Maynard, Geraldine McCullough, Mrs. McIntosh, Dorothy McQuarter, Yvonne Cole Meo, Onnie Millar, Eva Hamlin Miller, Evangeline Montgomery, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Norma Morgan, Marilyn Nance, Inez Nathaniel-Walker, Senga Nengudi, Winifred Owens-Hart, Denise Palm, Louise Parks, Angela Perkins, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Stephanie Pogue, Harriet Powers, Elizabeth Prophet, Mavis Pusey, Faith Ringgold, Brenda Rogers, Juanita Rogers, Nellie Mae Rowe, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Elizabeth Scott, Joyce Scott, Jewel Simon, Shirley Stark, Della Brown Taylor [as Delia Braun Taylor], Jessie Telfair [as Jessi], Alma Thomas, Phyllis Thompson, Roberta Thompson, Betty Tolbert, Elaine Tomlin, Lucinda Toomer, Elaine Towns, Yvonne Tucker, Charlene Tull, Anna Tyler, Florestee Vance, Pinkie Veal, Ruth Waddy, Carole Ward, Laura W. Waring, Pecolia Warner, Mary Parks Washington, Laura W. Williams, Yvonne Williams. A few African American male artists are also included: Leslie Garland Bolling, Ademola Olugebefola [as Adennola].COLLEGE PARK (MD). David C. Driskell Center, University of Maryland. African American Art Since 1950: Perspectives from the David C. Driskell Center. September 13-December 21, 2012. Exhib. cat., illus. Text by Julie L. McGee. Group exhibition of work by 54 artists including: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Herman Kofi Bailey, Radcliffe Bailey, Romare Bearden, Sanford Biggers, Camille J. Billops, Robert Blackburn, Chakaia Booker, Sheila Pree Bright, Moe Brooker, Elizabeth Catlett, Nick Cave, Kevin Cole, Willie Cole, Bob Colescott, Jeff Donaldson, David C. Driskell, Allan Edmunds, Melvin Edwards, Vanessa German, Sam Gilliam, Barkley Hendricks, Felrath Hines, Robin Holder, Joseph Holston, Curlee Holton, Margo Humphrey, Jacob Lawrence, Whitfield Lovell, Kerry James Marshall, Keith Morrison, Floyd Newsum, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Howardena Pindell, Jefferson Pinder, Stephanie Pogue, William Pope.L, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, John T. Scott, Lorna Simpson, Clarissa Sligh, Frank Smith, Lou Stovall, Alma Thomas, Hank Willis Thomas, Kara Walker, Carrie Mae Weems, James Lesesne Wells, William T. Williams, Deborah Willis. [The exhibition is a collaboration between SITES and the David C. Driskell Center for the Study of the Visual Arts and Culture of African Americans and the African Diaspora at the University of Maryland, College Park.]COLLEGE PARK (MD). David C. Driskell Center, University of Maryland. Tradition Redefined: The Larry and Brenda Thompson Collection of African American Art. February 18-May 29, 2009. 101 pp. exhib. cat., illus. Artists included: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Herman Kofi Bailey, Radcliffe Bailey, Amiri Baraka, Camille J. Billops, Moe Brooker, Vivian Browne, Archie Byron, Carl Christian, Claude Clark, Sr., Kevin E. Cole, Ernest Crichlow, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Louis Delsarte, David C. Driskell, Michael Ellison, David Fludd, Ramon Gabriel, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, John W. Hardrick, Palmer Hayden, Vertis Hayes, Humbert Howard, Stefanie Jackson, Wadsworth A. Jarrell, Fred Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Ronald Joseph, Larry Lebby, Norman Lewis, Donald Locke, James H. Malone, Edward Martin, Richard Mayhew, Valerie Maynard, Ealy Mays, E.J. Montgomery, Norma Morgan, Hayward Oubre, Joe Overstreet, Howardena Pindell, Charles Porter, James A. Porter, Teri Richardson, Preston Sampson, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Jewel Simon, Walter A. Simon, Thelma Johnson Streat, Freddy Styles, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Bill Taylor, Bob Thompson, Mildred J. Thompson, Larry Walker, Joyce Wellman, Jack H. White, William T. Williams, Ellis Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Hartwell Yeargans, James Yeargans. [Traveled to: Georgia Museum of Art, Athens, GA, January 30-March 28, 2011, and other venues.)COLLEGE PARK (MD). University of Maryland Art Gallery. Holding Our Own: Selections from the Collectors Club of Washington DC. October 29, 2006-January 4, 2007. 104 pp. exhib. cat., color illus. Group exhibition. Included: Camille Billops, Romare Bearden, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Daniel Freeman, Sam Gilliam, Simmie Knox, Jacob Lawrence, E.J. Montgomery, Hayward Oubré, James Phillips, Jefferson Pinder, Michael B. Platt, Malkia Roberts, Renée Stout, Alma Thomas, Joyce Wellman, et al. [Review: Michael O'Sullivan, "Collectors, Holding Their Own -- and More, " Washington Post, December 15, 2006.] Traveled to Edison Place Gallery, Washington, DC, January 12-March 4, 2006. 4to (28 cm.), wraps.COLLEGE PARK (MD). University of Maryland Art Gallery. Successions: Prints by African-American Artists from the Jean and Robert Steele Collection. April 1-29, 2002. 48 pp. exhib. cat., 26 color & b&w illus., checklist of 62 works by 45 artists, glossary of terms. Intro. by David C. Driskell; statement by the collectors, text by Adrienne L. Childs. Includes: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Robert Blackburn, Moe Brooker, Calvin Burnett, Nora Mae Carmichael, Elizabeth Catlett, Kevin Cole, Robert Colescott, Allan Rohan Crite, Louis Delsarte, David Driskell, Allan Edmunds, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Varnette Honeywood, Margo Humphrey, Paul Keene, Wadsworth Jarrell, Lois Mailou Jones, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Samella Lewis, Percy B. Martin, Tom Miller, Evangeline Montgomery, Keith Morrison, Joseph Norman, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Anita Philyaw, Stephanie Pogue, John T. Riddle, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Preston Sampson, Frank Smith, Vincent Smith, Lou Stovall, James L. Wells, William T. Williams, John Wilson. [Traveled to: Mobile Museum of Art, Mobile, AL; David Driskell Center, University of Maryland.] 4to (11 x 8.5 in.), pictorial wraps. First ed.COLLEGE PARK (PA). Pennsylvania State University. Twenty Contemporary Printmakers. 1978. Exhibition of prints from Bob Blackburn's workshop, assembled by Richard Mayhew. Includes 20 artists. Includes Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Betty Blayton, Vivian Browne, Ed Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Melvin Edwards, Richard Hunt, Mohammed Omer Khalil, Norman Lewis, Richard Mayhew, Stephanie Pogue, Mavis Pusey, Vincent D. Smith, Sharon E. Sutton, Benjamin L. Wigfall, John Wilson, Wendy Wilson. Exhibition flyer.COLLINS, LISA GAIL and MARGO CRAWFORD, eds. New Thoughts on the Black Arts Movement. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2006. 402 pp., 40 illus., chapter notes, notes on contributors, index. Contributors include: Collins, Crawford, Kellie Jones, Mary Ellen Lennon, Erina Duganne, Cherise Smith, Lee Bernstein, and others. Includes: Billy (Fundi) Abernathy, Sylvia Abernathy, Muhammad Ahmad, Benny Andrews, Amiri Baraka, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Gloria Bohanon, Ed Brown, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Ben Caldwell, Dana Chandler, Edward Christmas, Dan Concholar, Houston Conwill, Kinshasha Conwill, Robert Crawford, Alonzo Davis, Dale Davis, Roy DeCarava, Murry Depillars, Dj. Spooky (Paul D. Miller), Jeff Donaldson, Emory Douglas, Louis Draper, David Driskell, Melvin Edwards, Albert Fennar, Reginald Gammon, Ray Gibson, Sam Gilliam, Tyree Guyton, David Hammons, Maren Hassinger, James Hinton, Richard Hunt, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Suzanne Jackson, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Tom Lloyd. Clarence Major, Edward McDowell, Dindga McCannon, Senga Nengudi, John Outterbridge, Joe Oversotree, Gordon Parks, Judson Powell, Noah Purifoy, Sr., Herbert Randall, Betye Saar, Beuford Smith, Marvin Smith, Morgan Smith, Edward Spriggs, SUN RA, Curtis Tann, Askia Touré, James Vanderzee, Ruth Waddy, Bill Walker, Timothy Washington, Charles White, Randy Williams, William T. Williams, Deborah Willis, and Hale Woodruff. The texts explore the racial and sexual politics of the era, links with other contemporaneous cultural movements, prison arts, the role of Black colleges and universities, gender politics and the rise of feminism, color fetishism, photography, and more. 8vo (26 x 18 cm.; 9.9 x 7.1 in.), cloth, d.j.Columbia (SC). Columbia Museum of Art. Through A Master Printer: ROBERT BLACKBURN and the Printmaking Workshop. March-May, 1985. 28 pp. exhib. cat., 68 b&w illus. by as many artists, many African American. Curated by Nina Parris. Included: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Ellsworth Ausby, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Robert Blackburn, Vivian Browne, Carole Byard, Elizabeth Catlett, Nadine DeLawrence-Maine, Melvin Edwards, Robin Holder, Manuel Hughes, Mohammed Omer Khalil, Spencer Lawrence, Whitfield Lovell, Richard J. Powell, Mavis Pusey, Aj Smith, Mei-Tei-Sing Smith, Maxwell Taylor, Phyllis Thompson, Charles White, Michael Kelly Williams, Hale Woodruff, Richard Yarde. [Traveled to: Arkansas Art Center, Little Rock, August-October; Mississippi Museum of Art, Jackson, MS, January-March, 1986.] Small oblong 4to, self-wraps. First ed.COTTINGHAM, LAURA. Post-'68. The Aesthetic Legacies of Black Power, Women's Liberation, and Gay Rights in American Art. 1994. In: Flash Art Issue 27, no. 174 (January/February 1994):31+. Discussion of the 1993 Whitney Biennial as multicultural or politically correct; includes Camille Billops, Renée Green, Glenn Ligon, Alison Saar, Lorna Simpson, Pat Ward Williams, Fred Wilson; mention of Faith Ringgold and Adrian Piper. Article originally presented at "La jeune critique aujourd'hui" at the Ecole National Superieure des Beaux-Arts, Paris, Oct. 18, 1993. 4to, wraps.DEANS, JILL R. Performing The Search In Adoption Autobiography: Finding Christa and Reno Finds Her Mom. 2001. In: Biography 2001 24(1): 85-98.DURHAM (NC). NCCU Art Museum, North Carolina Central University. Black Women Artists: North Carolina Connections. 1990. Exhib. cat. Includes important text by Lynn Igoe: "Black Women Artists: An Introduction." Provides an extensive list of exhibits featuring black women artists since the first such show in 1947 at the Barnett Aden Gallery, Washington, DC. Artists mentioned includes the usual 50-60 names: Edmonia Lewis, Meta Warrick Fuller, May Howard Jackson, Bertina Lee, Betty Blayton, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Harriet Powers, Minnie Evans, Clementine Hunter, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Eva Hamlin Miller, Jacqueline Fonvielle-Bontemps, Betye Saar, Alison Saar, Lezley Saar, Nellie Mae Rowe, Liani Foster, Barbara Tyson Mosley, Camille Billops, Alma Thomas, Maren Hassinger. Checklist of women artists includes: Emma Amos, Gwendolyn Bennett, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Kay Brown, Margery Wheeler Brown, Vivian Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Carole Byard, Yvonne Pickering Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Minnie Evans, Meta Warrick Fuller, Maren Hassinger, Varnette P. Honeywood, Margo Humphrey, Clementine Hunter, May Howard Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Louise Jefferson, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Lois Mailou Jones, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Saunders Lewis, Dindga McCannon, Geraldine McCullough, Allie McGhee, Valerie Maynard, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Norma Morgan, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Inez Nathaniel-Walker, Senga Nengudi (Sue Irons), Delilah Pierce, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Stephanie Pogue, Georgette Powell, Harriet Powers, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Faith Ringgold, Malkia (Lucille) Roberts, Nellie Mae Rowe, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Jewel Simon, Ann Tanksley, Alma Thomas, Ruth Waddy, Laura Wheeler Waring. The exhibition includes many of the same artists but also a number of artists not in Igoe's essay or checklist. Exhib. checklist lists the following: Marvette Pratt Aldrich, Brenda Branch, Mable Bullock, Selma Burke, Elizabeth Catlett, Collins, Davis, Minnie Evans, Olivia Gatewood, Gail Hansberry, Lana Thompson Henderson, Hill, Lois Mailou Jones, Eva Hamlin Miller, Norma Morgan, Stephanie Pogue, Mercedes Barnes Thompson.EDMUNDS, ALLAN L. and LOUISE D. STONE. Three Decades of American Printmaking: The Brandywine Workshop Collection. Manchester: Hudson Hills, 2004. 240 pp., 126 color plates, 21 b&w illus., bibliog., index. Texts by Halima Taha, Lois H. Johnson and Patricia Smith, Keith A. Morrison, and Claude Elliott. Among the artists who have had prints made at Brandywine are: Candida Alvarez, Emma Amos, Akili Ron Anderson, Benny Andrews, Roland Ayers, Belkis Ayon, Romare Bearden, Ron Bechet, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Terry Boddie, Berrisford Boothe, James Brantley, Moe Brooker, Marvin P. Brown, Samuel J. Brown, Weldon Butler, Selma Burke, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Kevin E. Cole, William Cordova, Adger Cowans, Alonzo Davis, Louis Delsarte, John E. Dowell, David Driskell, James Dupree, Walter Edmonds, Allen Edmunds, Melvin Edwards, Rodney Ewing, Agbo Folarin, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Simon Gouverneur, Leamon Green, Eugene Grigsby, Maren Hassinger, Barkley L. Hendricks, Leon Hicks, Vandorn Hinnant, Margo Humphrey, Curlee Raven Holton, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Wadsworth Jarrell, Paul F. Keene, Jr., Lois Mailou Jones, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Souleymane Keita, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Samella Lewis, Arturo Lindsay, Alvin Loving, Deryl Mackie, Jimmy Mance, Percy Martin, Valerie Maynard, Donna Meeks, Charles Mills, Ibrahim Miranda, Quentin Morris, Keith Morrison, Evangeline Montgomery, Quentin Morris, Abdouleye Ndoye, Floyd Newsum, Magdalene Odundo, Ademola Olugebefola, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Laurie Ourlicht, Joe Overstreet, William Pajaud, Howardena Pindell, James Phillips, Michael Platt, Eric Pryor, Leo Robinson, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Juan Sanchez, John T. Scott, Charles Searles, AJ Smith, Frank Smith, George Smith, Vincent Smith, Sylvia Snowden, Edgar Sorrells-Adewale, David Stephens, Hubert Taylor, Evelyn Terry, Phyllis Thompson, Kaylynn Sullivan Twotrees, Larry Walker, John Wade, Richard Watson, James Lesesne Wells, Stanley Whitney, Carl Joe Williams, Michael Kelly Williams, Pat Ward Williams, Gilberto Wilson, Clarence Wood, Shirley Woodson, and Barbara Chase-Riboud. [Also issued in a limited numbered edition of 396 copies, including three offset lithographs by Sam Gilliam, each signed and numbered in pencil, bound in red cloth, in matching cloth covered slipcase.] 4to (12.4 x 9.2 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.ESTELL, KENNETH. African America: Portrait of a People. Detroit: Visible Ink, 1994. Section on Fine and Applied Arts pp. 593-655 mentions a sizeable number of artists (with many misspellings): Scipio Moorhead, Eugene Warburg, Bill Day [presumably Thomas Day], Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Henry Bannarn, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé (photo), Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Robert Blackburn, curator Horace Brockington, Elmer Brown, Eugene Brown, Kay Brown, Linda Bryant, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, E. Simms Campbell, Elizabeth Catlett, Cathy Chance, Dana Chandler, Gylbert Coker, Robert Colescott, Houston Conwill, Michael Cummings, Ernest Crichlow, Emilio Cruz, Roy DeCarava (with photo), Beauford Delaney, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, Robert Duncanson, William Edmondson, Elton Fax, (with photo), Meta Warrick Fuller, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, Philip Hampton, Florence Harding (as Harney), Palmer Hayden, James V. Herring, George Hulsinger, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Zell Ingram, Venola Jennings, Larry Johnson, Lester L. Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Ben Jones, Emeline King, Jacob Lawrence (with photo); Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Ionis Bracy Martin, Cheryl McClenny, Geraldine McCullough, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Jimmy Mosely, Juanita Moulon, Archibald Motley (with photo), Otto Neals, Senga Nengudi, Ademola Olugebefola, Hayward Oubré, John Outterbridge, Gordon Parks, Marion Perkins, Delilah Pierce, Howardena Pindell, Jerry Pinkney, Horace Pippin, James Porter, Florence Purviance, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Charles Sallee, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Charles Searles, Lorna Simpson, Willi Smith (with photo), William E. Smith, Edward Spriggs, F. [Doc] Spellmon, Nelson Stevens, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Jean Taylor, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Dox Thrash, James VanDerZee, Laura Waring, Faith Weaver, Edward T. P. Welburn, Charles White, Randy Williams, William T. Williams (with photo), John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Dolores Wright, Richard Yarde, and George Washington Carver. Also mentions fashion designers Stephen Burrows (photo), Gordon Henderson, Willi Smith. 4to, cloth.FARRINGTON, LISA E. Creating Their Own Image: The History of African-American Women Artists. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. 354 pp., 150 color plates, 100 b&w illus. A history of African American women artists, from slavery to the present day. Draws on numerous interviews with contemporary artists. The following are included with illustration(s): Laylah Ali, Emma Amos, Xenobia Bailey, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Chakaia Booker, Kay Brown, Vivian E. Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Carole Byard, Carol Ann Carter, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Yvonne Parks Catchings, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Luiza Francis Combs, Josie Covington, Renée Cox, Sarah Mapps Douglass, Sharon Dunn, Gaye Ellington, Minnie Evans, Meta Warrick Fuller, Ellen Gallagher, Deborah Grant, Alyne Harris, Bessie Harvey, Robin Holder, Margo Humphrey, Clementine Hunter, May Howard Jackson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Lois Mailou Jones, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Elizabeth Keckly, Pamela Jennings, Jean Lacy, Ruth Lampkins, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Lewis, Valerie Maynard, Dindga McCannon, Geraldine McCullough, Vicki Meek, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Lorraine O'Grady, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Winnie Owens-Hart, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Stephanie Pogue, Georgette Seabrooke Powell, Harriet Powers, Debra Priestly, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Helen Evans Ramsaran, Nellie Mae Rowe, Betye Saar, Gail Shaw-Clemons, Mary T. Smith, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Joyce J. Scott, Lorna Simpson, Sylvia Snowden, Renée Stout, Freida High W. Tesfagiogis, Alma Thomas, Annie E. Anderson Walker, Kara Walker, Adell Westbrook, Laura Wheeler Waring, Carrie Mae Weems, Joyce Wellman, Philemona Williamson, Deborah Willis, Beulah Ecton Woodard. Others such as Margaret Burroughs, Catti, Tana Hargest, Kira Lynn Harris, Cynthia Hawkins, Jennie C. Jones, Adia Millett, Julie Mehretu, Camille Norment, Aminah Robinson, Nadine Robinson, Gilda Snowden, Ann Tanksley, Shirley Woodson, are briefly mentioned in passing. [Review: April F. Masten, Illuminating the Color Line Artist by Artist," Reviews in American History Vol. 35, No. 2 (June 2007):265-272; Renée Ater, "Creating Their Own Image: The History of African-American Women Artists," NWSA Journal Vol. 19, No. 1 (Spring 2007):211-217.] 4to (11 x 8 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.FARRIS, PHOEBE, ed. Women Artists of Color: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook to Twentieth Century Artists in the Americas. Westport (CT): Greenwood, 1999. xx, 496 pp., afterword, notes, cultural resource list, index. Includes 25 African American women artists; biographical essay, exhibs. artist's statement and bibliog. for each artist. The choices are fairly predictable, with only a few surprise additions such as installation artist Marie T. Cochran and ceramicist Sana Musasama. However, the essays are substantial and the reference material is useful. 8vo, cloth, no d.j. (as issued). First ed.FLOMENHAFT, ELEANOR. Women Only! In Their Studios. 2006. Group exhibition of women artists including 20 major women artists who emerged in the 50s-70s. Four are African American: Camille Billops, Elizabeth Catlett, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, Flo Oy Wong. [Texas Tech University, February 19-April 16, 2006; Polk Museum of Art, July 15-October 15, 2006; Muskegon Museum of Art, Muskegon, MI, September 13-November 11, 2007.]FORT LAUDERDALE (FL). Fort Lauderdale Museum of Art. Burning Issues: Contemporary African American Art. October 25, 1996-January 5, 1997. 23 pp. exhib. cat., color illus. Group exhibition. Curated by Laurence Palmer; text by A. M. Weaver. Includes: Radcliffe Bailey, Camille Billops, Michael Cummings, David Hammons, Lyle Ashton Harris, Glenn Ligon, Kerry James Marshall, Gary Moore, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Jeffrey Henson Scales, Lorna Simpson, Yvonne Edwards Tucker, Carrie Mae Weems, Fred Wilson. 8vo (21 cm.), wraps. First ed.FOSTER, GWENDOLYN AUDREY. Women Filmmakers of the African and Asian Diaspora: Decolonising the Gaze, Locating Subjectivity. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1997. 192 pp. Focuses on three African American filmmakers: Julie Dash, Zeinabu Irene Davis, and Ngozi Onwurah. Mentions in passing: Lita Lawrence (who directed the film "Motherhood: Life's Greatest Miracle" in 1927), Eslanda Goode Robeson and Alice B. Russell (who worked with Oscar Micheaux), Zora Neale Hurston, and contemporary filmmakers Michelle Parkerson, Kathleen Collins, Jacqueline Shearer, Ayoka Chenzira, Camille Billops, Barbara McCullough, Alile Sharon Larkin, Maureen Blackwood, Dawn Suggs, Cheryl Dunye, Leslie Harris, Darnell Martin; Caribbean filmmaker Euzhan Palcy; African filmmakers Safi Faye and Sarah Maldoror. 8vo (9 x 6 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.FRYE, DANIEL J. African American Visual Artists: an annotated bibliography of educational resource materials. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2001. xvi, 378 pp. Many misspellings of artists' names and a handful of white artists included. 8vo (23 cm.), cloth.GARDEN CITY (NY). Firehouse Gallery, Nassau Community College. 7 Urban Artists: Diverse Expressions in Multiple Media. September 8-October 8, 1987. Group exhibition. Included: Emma Amos, Camille Billops, Howardena Pindell.GATES, HENRY LOUIS and EVELYN BROOKS HIGGINBOTHAM, eds. African American National Biography. 2009. Originally published in 8 volumes, the set has grown to 12 vollumes with the addition of 1000 new entries. Also available as online database of biographies, accessible only to paid subscribers (well-endowed institutions and research libraries.) As per update of February 2, 2009, the following artists were included in the 8-volume set, plus addenda. A very poor showing for such an important reference work. Hopefully there are many more artists in the new entries: Jesse Aaron, Julien Abele (architect), John H. Adams, Jr., Ron Adams, Salimah Ali, James Latimer Allen, Charles H. Alston, Amalia Amaki, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, William E. Artis, Herman "Kofi" Bailey, Walter T. Bailey (architect), James Presley Ball, Edward M. Bannister, Anthony Barboza, Ernie Barnes, Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Cornelius Marion Battey, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Arthur Bedou, Mary A. Bell, Cuesta Ray Benberry, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Howard Bingham, Alpha Blackburn, Robert H. Blackburn, Walter Scott Blackburn, Melvin R. Bolden, David Bustill Bowser, Wallace Branch, Barbara Brandon, Grafton Tyler Brown, Richard Lonsdale Brown, Barbara Bullock, Selma Hortense Burke, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Taylor Goss Burroughs, John Bush, Elmer Simms Campbell, Elizabeth Catlett, David C. Chandler, Jr., Raven Chanticleer, Ed Clark, Allen Eugene Cole, Robert H. Colescott, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest T. Crichlow, Michael Cummings, Dave the Potter [David Drake], Griffith J. Davis, Thomas Day, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Thornton Dial, Sr., Joseph Eldridge Dodd, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Sam Doyle, David Clyde Driskell, Robert S. Duncanson, Ed Dwight (listed as military, not as artist); Mel Edwards, Minnie Jones Evans, William McNight Farrow, Elton Fax, Daniel Freeman, Meta Warrick Fuller, Reginald Gammon, King Daniel Ganaway, the Goodridge Brothers, Rex Goreleigh, Tyree Guyton, James Hampton, Della Brown Taylor (Hardman), Edwin Augustus Harleston, Charles "Teenie" Harris, Lyle Ashton Harris, Bessie Harvey, Isaac Scott Hathaway, Palmer Hayden, Nestor Hernandez, George Joseph Herriman, Varnette Honeywood, Walter Hood, Richard L. Hunster, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Bill Hutson, Joshua Johnson, Sargent Claude Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Ann Keesee, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Lewis, Glenn Ligon, Jules Lion, Edward Love, Estella Conwill Majozo, Ellen Littlejohn, Kerry James Marshall, Lynn Marshall-Linnemeier, Richard Mayhew, Carolyn Mazloomi, Aaron Vincent McGruder, Robert H. McNeill, Scipio Moorhead, Archibald H. Motley, Jr., Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe, Mr. Imagination (Gregory Warmack), Lorraine O'Grady, Jackie Ormes, Joe Overstreet, Carl Owens, Gordon Parks, Sr., Gordon Parks, Jr., C. Edgar Patience, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Margaret Smith Piper, Rose Piper, Horace Pippin, William Sidney Pittman, Stephanie Pogue, Prentiss Herman Polk (as Prentice), James Amos Porter, Harriet Powers, Elizabeth Prophet, Martin Puryear, Patrick Henry Reason, Michael Richards, Arthur Rose, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, Joyce J. Scott, Addison Scurlock, George Scurlock, Willie Brown Seals, Charles Sebree, Joe Selby, Lorna Simpson, Norma Merrick Sklarek, Clarissa Sligh, Albert Alexander Smith, Damballah Smith, Marvin and Morgan Smith, Maurice B. Sorrell, Simon Sparrow, Rozzell Sykes, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, J.J. Thomas, Robert Louis (Bob) Thompson, Mildred Jean Thompson, Dox Thrash, William Tolliver, Bill Traylor, Leo F. Twiggs, James Augustus Joseph Vanderzee, Kara Walker, William Onikwa Wallace, Laura Wheeler Waring, Augustus Washington, James W. Washington, Jr., Carrie Mae Weems, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, John H. White, Jack Whitten, Carla Williams, Daniel S. Williams, Paul Revere Williams (architect), Deborah Willis, Ed Wilson, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, John Woodrow Wilson, Ernest C. Withers, Beulah Ecton Woodard, Hale Aspacio Woodruff.GENESEO (NY). Bertha V.B. Lederer Gallery, SUNY Geneseo. African American Artists on Paper. September 2-October 25, 2008. Group exhibition. Curated by Cynthia Hawkins. Included: Amiri Baraka, Camille Billops, Robert Blackburn, Berrisford Boothe, Vivian Browne, Charles Burwell, Tonya Clay, Gregory Coates, Larry Winston Collins, Eldzier Cortor, Emilio Cruz, Victor Davson, David Fludd, Margo Humphrey, Oliver Johnson, Tom Laidman, William (Bill) Majors, Dindga McCannon, Norma Morgan, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Joe Overstreet, Helen Evans Ramsaran, Teri Richardson, Gail Shaw-Clemons, Luvon Sheppard, Mei-Tei-Sing Smith, Keith Morris Washington, and Joyce Welllman.GRANT, BARRY KEITH and JEANNETTE SLONIOWSKI, eds. Documenting the Documentary: close readings of documentary film and video. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1998. 488 pp., illus., bibliog., index. Includes several texts of interest: Sheila Petty, Silence and Its Opposite: Expressions of Race in Tongues Untied; Contested Territory: Julia LeSage, Camille Billops and James Hatch's Finding Christa. 8vo (23 cm.), wraps.HAMALIAN, LEO and JAMES V. HATCH, eds. Artist and Influence Vol. 15 (1986). New York, Hatch-Billops Collection, Inc., 1986. Emma Amos (interviewed by Vivian Browne); Ernest Crichlow (interviewed by Camille Billops); Many other artists mentioned within each interview: Walter Simon, Augusta Savage, Norman Lewis, Robert Pious, Fred Perry, Gwendolyn Bennett, Ad Bates, Charles Alston [as Spinky], Mike Bannarn, Jacob Lawrence, cartoonist Dappy Hodges, Bob Blackburn, Bruce Nugent, Al Loving, John Hope Franklin, Sara Murrell. 4to, wraps.HAMPTON (VA). Hampton University. The International Review of African American Art Vol. 14, no. 3 (Stereotypes Subverted? Or for Sale?). 1997. Important multi-article discussion of the use of racial stereotypes in the visual arts. Articles by Karen C.C. Dalton, Michael D. Harris and Lowery Sims (The Past is Prologue but is Parody and Pastiche Progress?); Phyllis J. Jackson (IN) forming the Visual: (RE) Presenting Women of African Descent; Robert G. O'Meally (Jazz Albums as Art: Some Reflections); Joanne Nerlino (The Visual Art of Miles Davis); Cece Bullard (Afrodisiac: A Taste of Black Erotic Art). Images by Kara Walker, Michael Ray Charles, Betye Saar, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Joanne Scott, Murray N. Depillars, Joyce J. Scott, Freida High, Robert Colescott, Manuel Hughes; Camille Billops, Angela Franklin, Tom Miller, Wendell Brown; Meta Warrick Fuller, Renée Stout, Carrie Mae Weems, Kira Lynn Harris, Deborah Willis, Faith Ringgold, Renée Cox, Clarissa Sligh, Adrian Piper, Pat Ward Williams, Sandra Rowe, Noni Olabisi, Lorna Simpson; Charles Alston, Miles Davis, John T. Biggers, Gwendolyn Aqui, Larry Poncho Brown; photos of the Tougaloo art colony (including Johnnie Mae Gilbert, Ricky Callaway, Emmit Patton, Yvonne Tucker, James Powell); Willis Bing Davis, José Bedia, Richard Wyatt (adv). 4to, wraps.HAMPTON (VA). Hampton University. The International Review of African American Art Vol. 6, no. 4. Special Issue on Printmaking. 1985. 63 pp. Long and richly illustrated article by Samella Lewis and Bob Biddle, approx. 28 b&w illus., 30 excellent color plates. Also contains article by Maudra Jones on "The Printmaking Workshop of New York City"; articles on Richmond Barthé, Elizabeth Catlett, Milton Sherrill, Maren Hassinger, Betye Saar, and Houston Conwill. Other artists include: Benny Andrews, Margo Humphrey, Lev Mills, Robert Martin, Muraina Oyelami, Stephanie Pogue, Mildred Thompson, John Riddle, Van Slater, Camille Billops, Marva Cremer, Bobbly Walls, Joyce Wellman, Charles White. 4to, wraps.Hartford (CT). CRT's Craftery Gallery. Master Printmaker ROBERT BLACKBURN Exhibition. October 29, 1995-March 30, 1996. Exhibition invitation card lists a concurrent exhibition of works from the Bob Blackburn Workshop archives. Includes the following black artists: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Betty Blayton, Vivian Browne, Elizabeth Catlett, Melvin W. Clark, Ernest Crichlow, Mslabe Dumile-Feni, Melvin Edwards, Elton Fax, Herbert Gentry, Robin Holder, Manuel Hughes, Margo Humphrey, Noah Jemison, Spencer Lawrence, Richard Mayhew, Otto Neals, Rudzani Nemasetoni, Laurie Ourlicht, Aminah Robinson, Juan Sanchez, Vincent Smith, Tesfaye Tessema, Luther Vann, Charles White, Michael Kelly Williams, Richard Yarde. Invitation card (7 x 5 in.,), glossy card stock, printed on both sides.HENKES, ROBERT. The Art of Black American Women: Works of Twenty-Four Artists of the Twentieth Century. Jefferson: (NC) McFarland & Co., 1993. 274 pp., 193 illus. (13 in color); 6-8 b&w illus. for each artist, brief color plate section, biog., awards, exhibs., bibliog., index of names/places. Includes: Lois Mailou Jones, Shirley Woodson, Howardena Pindell, Vivian Browne, Norma Morgan, Freida High W. Tesfagiorgis, Elizabeth Catlett (extensive entry), Jewel Simon, Faith Ringgold, Emma Amos, Robin Holder, Cynthia Hawkins, Camille Billops, Delilah Pierce, Yvonne Catchings, Gilda Snowden, Malkia Roberts, Ann Tanksley, Alma W. Thomas, Clementine Hunter, Viola Burley Leak, Mary Reed Daniel, Adell Westbrook and Nanette Carter. 4to (10.2 x 7.5 in.), cloth.hooks, bell. Black Looks: Race and Representation. Boston: South End Press, 1992. 200 pp. 8vo (8.5 x 5.4 in.), wraps.hooks, bell. Outlaw Culture: resisting representations. New York: Routledge, 1994. vii, 260 pp., index. Includes: "Altars of Sacrifice: Re-membering Basquiat." Also includes remarks on Camille Billops' film "Suzanne Suzanne," and filmmaker Marlon Riggs. 8vo (24 cm.), cloth, d.j. First ed.hooks, bell. Reel to Real: race, sex and class at the movies. New York: Routledge, 1996. 244 pp., index. Critiques of films "Paris is Burning," "She's Gotta Have It," "Crooklyn," "Pulp Fiction," "Waiting to Exhale;" conversations with filmmakers Julie Dash, Camille Billops, Charles Burnett, Arthur Jaffa. Also includes discussion of Isaac Julien, mention of John Akomfrah, Kathleen Collins, Ayoka Chenzira, Zeinabu Davisi, Haile Gerima, Lyle Ashton Harris, Reginald Hudlin, Spike Lee, Marlon Riggs, John Singleton. Excellent collection of essays by this important American cultural critic. 8vo, wraps.HOUSTON (TX). O'Kane Gallery, University of Houston-Downtown College. Highlights from the Collection of Corrine Jennings and Joe Overstreet. January 19-March 23, 2006. Group exhibition of twenty-four works by African American master and contemporary artists. Included: Edward M. Bannister, Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Margaret Burroughs, Eldzier Cortor, Robert S. Duncanson, Lawrence Finney, Palmer Hayden, Linda Hiwot, Wilmer Jennings, Oliver Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Charlotte Ka, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Joe Overstreet, Howardena Pindell, Rose Piper, Debra Priestly, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Dox Thrash.ITHACA (NY). Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University. Blackness in Color: Visual Expressions of the Black Arts Movement (1960 to present). August 26-October 22, 2000. Exhibition in celebration of the 30th anniversary of the Africana Studies and Research Center at Cornell University. Artists included: Emma Amos, Nii Ahene ’La Mettle-Nunoo, Akili Ron Anderson, Ellsworth Ausby, Abdullah Aziz, Romare Bearden, G. Falcon Beazer, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Carole Blank, Skunder Boghossian, Kay Brown, Vivian E. Browne. Viola Burley Leak, Carole M. Byard, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Eldzier Cortor, Adger Cowans, Renée Cox. Pat Davis, Murry DePillars, Jeff Donaldson, David Driskell, Melvin Edwards, Miriam B. Francis, Reginald Gammon, David Hammons, Michael Harris, Gaylord Hassan, Frieda High Wasikhongo Tesfagiorgis, Linda Hiwot, Robin Holder. Jamillah Jennings, Lois Mailou Jones, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Barbara J. Jones-Hogu, Charlotte Kâ (Richardson), Wifredo Lam, Carolyn Lawrence, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Al Loving, Valerie Maynard, Dindga McCannon, Geraldine McCullough, Muhammad Mufutau, Otto Neals, Malangatana Ngwenya, Ademola Olugebefola, Gordon Parks, James Phillips, Okoe Pyatt, Abdul Rahman, Faith Ringgold, Ibrahim El-Salahi, Betye Saar, Charles Searles, James Sepyo, Taiwo Shabazz, Lorna Simpson, Merton Simpson, Nelson Stevens, Leo Franklin Twiggs, Cheryl Warrick, Carrie Mae Weems, Charles White, Emmett Wigglesworth, Grace Williams, William T. Williams.JAMAICA (NY). Jamaica Arts Center. Masters and Pupils: The Education of the Black Artist in New York: 1900-1980. December 13, 1986-February 28, 1987. Recto: Color poster, exhibition announcement and list of artists; verso: exhib. brochure. (8 pp.) text, 8 b&w illus. Foreword by William P. Miller, Jr.; important text by Kellie Jones, synopsizing the 'artists' history' of studio education, passed from artist to artist. Discussion of the educational role of the National Academy of Design, Cooper Union, the Harlem Art Center, Art Students League, City College, and other educational venues. Artists include: Charles Abramson, Charles Alston, Candida Alvarez, Emma Amos, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Robert Blackburn, Elizabeth Catlett, Ernest Crichlow, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Aaron Douglas, Rex Goreleigh, William H. Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Joe Lewis, Norman Lewis, Hughie Lee-Smith, Whitfield Lovell, Tyrone Mitchell, Sana Musasama, Faith Ringgold, Augusta Savage, Vincent Smith, Charles White, Jack Whitten, Randy Williams, William T. Williams, Hale Woodruff and important white instructors such as Charles Hawthorne, Robert Gwathmey, Carl Holty, George Negroponte, Winold Reiss, Vaclav Vytlacil, and others. [Traveled to: Metropolitan Life Gallery, NY, March 10-April 24, 1987.] Single folded sheet poster-catalogue, printed on both sides.JAMAICA (NY). Jamaica Center for Arts and Learning. 3 Artists' Installation. August 8-September 19, 1987. Group exhibition. Curated by Kellie Jones. Included: Camille Billops.KATONAH (NY). Katonah Museum of Art. Re/righting History: Counternarratives by Contemporary African-American Artists. March 14-May 16, 1999. 36 pp. exhib. cat., 20 full page color plates (including cover plate) 11 b&w illus., notes. Curated by Barbara Bloemink; text by Lisa Gail Collins. Artists includes: Emma Amos, Camille Billops, Beverly Buchanan, Michael Ray Charles, Willie Cole, Robert Colescott, Tony Gray, Kerry James Marshall, David McGee, Lorraine O'Grady, Adrian Piper, Faith Ringgold, Lezley Saar, Joyce Scott, Lorna Simpson, Kara Walker, Carrie Mae Weems, Pat Ward Williams, Deborah Willis. 4to, pictorial stiff wraps. First ed.KENNESAW (GA). Art Gallery, Kennesaw State College Library. At the Heart of Change: Women Artists Explore Color and Culture. 1993. Exhib. cat., illus. Included: Emma Amos, Camille Billops.KESTER, GRANT, ed. Art, Activism and Oppositionality: Essays from Afterimage. Durham: Duke University Press, 1998. 318 pp. Mentioned in passing: Romare Bearden, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Camille Billops, Eldzier Cortor, David Hammons, William H. Johnson, Byron Kim, Edmonia Lewis, Lorraine O'Grady, Adrian Piper, Lorna Simpson, Bob Thompson, Pat Ward Williams; and filmmakers Charles Burnett, Julie Dash, Zeinabu Irene Davis, Haile Gerima, Isaac Julien, Sarah Maldoror, Marlon Riggs, Jocelyn Taylor, the Sankofa Collective. 8vo (9.1 x 5.8 in.), wraps.KING-HAMMOND, LESLIE and bell hooks. Gumbo Ya Ya: An Anthology of Contemporary African American Women Artists. New York: Midmarch Arts Press, 1995. 351 pp., over 300 illus. (11 in color), photo and /or illus., biogs., exhibs., and brief critical text for each artist, index. Intro. by Leslie King-Hammond. Essential reference listing of 152 women artists with brief entries by African American scholars and curators; more than a dozen others are mentioned in passing (see below primary list.) It should be mentioned that most performance artists, filmmakers, video artists, folk artists, quilters, most photographers, illustrators, and other categories such as the entire new generation of artists established in the decade preceding publication are omitted. Artists included in the primary listings: Emma Amos, Rose Auld, Xenobia Bailey, Mildred Baldwin, Ellen Banks, Trena Banks, Phoebe Beasley, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Lula Mae Blocton, Kabuya P. Bowens, Brenda Branch, Kay Brown, Vivian E. Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Millie Burns, Margaret Burroughs, Carole Byard, Carol Ann Carter, Nanette Carter, Yvonne Pickering Carter, Yvonne Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Catti, Robin Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Marie Cochran, Virginia Cox, Pat Cummings, Mary Reed Daniel, Juette Day, Nadine DeLawrence, Julee Dickerson-Thompson, Marita Dingus, Yanla Dozier, Tina Dunkley, Malaika Favorite, Violet Fields, Ibibio Fundi, Olivia Gatewood, Jan Spivey Gilchrist, Michele Godwin, Gladys Barker Grauer, Renée Green, Ethel Guest, Cheryl Hanna, Inge Hardison, Bessie Harvey, Maren Hassinger, Cynthia Hawkins, Janet Henry, Candace Hill-Montgomery, Adrienne Hoard, Robin Holder, Jenelsie Holloway, Jacqui Holmes, Varnette Honeywood, Mildred Howard, Margo Humphrey, Irmagean, Suzanne Jackson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Marva Lee Pitchford Jolly, Lois Mailou Jones, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Kai Kambel, Margaret Slade Kelly, Gwendolyn Knight, Ruth Lampkins, Artis Lane, Viola Leak, Dori Lemeh, Mary Le Ravin, Rosalind Letcher, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Lewis, Marcia Lloyd, Fern Logan, Lynn Marshall-Linnemeier, Valerie Maynard, Dindga McCannon, Geraldine McCullough, Vivian McDuffie, Joanne McFarland, Vicki Meek, Yvonne Meo, Eva Hamlin Miller, Corinne Howard Mitchell, Evangeline Montgomery, Norma Morgan, Lillian Morgan-Lewis, Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe, Deborah Muirhead, Sana Musasama, Marilyn Nance, Senga Nengudi, Lorraine O'Grady, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Winifred Owens-Hart, Sandra Payne, Janet Taylor Pickett, Delilah Williams Pierce, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Rose Piper, Stephanie Pogue, Georgette Seabrooke Powell, Debra Priestly, Mavis Pusey, Helen Ramsaran, Patricia Ravarra, Faith Ringgold, Malkia Roberts, Aminah Robinson, Sandra Rowe, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Eve Sandler, Joanne Scott, Joyce J. Scott, Cheryl Shackleton, Yolanda Sharpe, Gail Shaw-Clemons, Jewel Simon, Coreen Simpson, Lorna Simpson, Clarissa Sligh, Gilda Snowden, Sylvia Snowden, Shirley Stark, Janet Stewart, Renée Stout, Elisabeth Sunday, Ann Tanksley, Vivian Tanner, Anna Tate, Evelyn Terry, Freida High Tesfagiorgis, Alma Thomas, Barbara Thomas, Mildred Thompson, Renée Townsend, Yvonne Tucker, Ruth Waddy, Denise Ward-Brown, Fan Warren, Bisa Washington, Mary Washington, Joyce Wellman, Adell Westbrook, Linda Whitaker, Pat Ward Williams, Philemona Williamson, Deborah Willis, Shirley Woodson, [OTHERS mentioned in passing or in footnotes include the following: May Howard Jackson, Meta Warrick Fuller, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Annie Walker, Laura Waring, Irene Clark, Clementine Hunter, Harriet Powers, Gladys-Marie Fry, Cuesta Benberry, Rosalind Jeffries [as Roslind], Sister Gertrude Morgan, Inez Nathaniel-Walker, Nellie Mae Rowe, Mary T. Smith, Grannie Dear Williams. Mentions artists the editors hoped to include, but who weren't for various reasons: Amalia Amaki, Jacqueline Bontemps, Ora Williams Carter, Marva Cremer, Pat Davis, Kira Harris, Ruth Beckman Holloman, May Howard, Dolores Johnson, Jean Lacy, Toni Lane, Laurie Ourlicht, Virginia Smit, Ming Smith, Phyllis Thompson, Deborah Wilkins, and Viola M. Wood.] 4to (11 x 8.5 in ), wraps. First ed.KLOTMAN, PHYLLIS RAUCH and JANET K. CUTLER, eds. Struggles for Representation: African American Documentary Film and Video. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999. xxxiii, 483 pp., illus. Examines over 300 non-fiction films by more than 150 African American film/videomakers and includes an extensive filmography, bibliography, and excerpts from interviews with film/videomakers. 11 texts, including: "Pioneers of Black Documentary Film" by Pearl Bowser; "Military rites and wrongs: African Americans in the U.S. Armed Forces" by Phyllis R. Klotman; "Documenting Social Issues: Black journal, 1968-1970" by Tommy Lee Lott; "Eyes on the Prize: Reclaiming Black images, culture, and history" by Elizabeth Amelia Hadley; "Paths of Enlightenment: heroes, rebels and thinkers" by Clyde Taylor; "Rewritten on film: documenting the artist" by Janet K. Cutler; "Uptown where we Belong: space, captivity, and the documentary of Black community" by Mark Frederick Baker and Houston A. Baker, Jr.; "Discourses of Family in Black Documentary Film" by Valerie Smith; "Springing Tired Chains: Experimental Film and Video" by Paul Arthur; "Black high-tech documents" by Erika Muhammad; "The 'I' Narrator in Black Diaspora Documentary" by Manthia Diawara. Includes (among many others): William Alexander, Camille Billops, Carroll Parrott Blue, St. Clair Bourne, Ayoka Chenzira, Tony Cokes, Kathleen Collins, Julie Dash, Zeinabu Irene Davis, Cheryl Dunye, Haile Gerima, Leah Gilliam, Thomas Allen Harris, Charles Hobson, Isaac Julien, Alile Sharon Larkin, Barbara McCullough, Michelle Parkerson, Gordon Parks, Marlon Riggs, Jacqueline Shearer, Cauleen Smith, Yvonne Welbon, as well as pioneers such as Oscar Micheaux and mainstream directors such as Warrington Hudlin, Spike Lee, and digital media artist Pamela L. Jennings. 8vo (9.2 x 6.1 in.).LANE, JIM. Black Autobiographical Documentary. 1996. In: Jump Cut: A Review of Contemporary Cinema 40 (March 1996):38-46. Includes Camille Billops, et al. Sq. 8vo, wraps.LAUTER, ESTELLA. Woman as Mythmakers: Poetry and Visual Arts. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1984. 288 pp. Includes very brief mention of: Camille Billops, Yvonne Pickering Carter, Suzanne Jackson, and Betye Saar.LEWIS, SAMELLA. African American Art & Artists. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990. 302 pp., 204 illus., many in color, substantial bibliog. A history of African American art from the seventeenth-century to the '90s. Revised and updated from Lewis's original publication Art: African American (1978). [See also entry on expanded edition, 2003]. Foreword by Floyd Coleman. Artists include: the slaves of Thomas Fleet, Boston,.Scipio Moorhead, Neptune Thurston, G.W.Hobbs (white artist), Joshua Johnston, Julien Hudson, Robert M. Douglass, Jr., Patrick Henry Reason, David Bustill Bowser, William Simpson, Robert S. Duncanson, Eugene Warburg, Edward Mitchell Bannister, Grafton Tyler Brown, Nelson A. Primus, Charles Ethan Porter, (Mary) Edmonia Lewis, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Meta Vaux Warrick (Fuller), William Edouard Scott, Laura Wheeler Waring, Aaron Douglas, Hale Woodruff, Palmer Hayden, Archibald Motley, Jr., Malvin Gray Johnson, Ellis Wilson, Sargent Claude Johnson, Augusta Savage, Richmond Barthé, William H. Johnson, James Lesesne Wells, Beauford Delaney, Selma Burke, Lois Mailou Jones, Alma Thomas, James A. Porter, William E. Artis, William Edmondson, Horace Pippin, Clementine Hunter, David Butler, Charles Alston, Norman Lewis, Romare Bearden, Hughie Lee-Smith, Eldzier Cortor, Jacob Lawrence, Charles White, Elizabeth Catlett, John Wilson, John Biggers, Ademola Olugebefola, Herman Kofi Bailey, Raymond Saunders, Lucille Malkia Roberts, David Driskell, Floyd Coleman, Paul Keene, Arthur Carraway, Mikelle Fletcher, Varnette Honeywood, Phoebe Beasley, Benny Andrews, Reginald Gammon, Faith Ringgold, Cliff Joseph, David Bradford, Bertrand Phillips, Manuel Hughes, Phillip Lindsay Mason, Dana Chandler, Malaika Favorite, Bob Thompson, Emilio Cruz, Leslie Price, Irene Clark, Al Hollingsworth, William Pajaud, Richard Mayhew, Bernie Casey, Floyd Newsum, Frank Williams, Louis Delsarte, William Henderson, Daniel LaRue Johnson, Joe Overstreet, Adrienne W. Hoard, Sam Gilliam, Mahler Ryder, Oliver Jackson, Eugene Coles, Vincent Smith, Calvin Jones, Pheoris West, Noah Purifoy, Ed Bereal, Betye Saar, Ron Griffin, John Outterbridge, Marie Johnson, Ibibio Fundi, John Stevens, Juan Logan, John Riddle, Richard Hunt, Mel Edwards, Allie Anderson, Ed Love, Plla Mills, Doyle Foreman, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Artis Lane, John Scott, William Anderson, Martin Puryear, Thomas Miller, Fred Eversley, Larry Urbina, Ben Hazard, Sargent Johnson, Doyle Lane, Willis (Bing) Davis, Curtis Tucker, Yvonne Tucker, Bill Maxwell, Camille Billops, James Tatum, Douglas Phillips, Art Smith, Bob Jefferson, Evangeline Montgomery, Manuel Gomez, Joanna Lee, Allen Fannin, Leo Twiggs, James Tanner, Therman Statom, Marion Sampler, Arthur Monroe, James Lawrence, Marvin Harden, Raymond Lark, Murray DePillars, Donald Coles, Joseph Geran, Ron Adams, Kenneth Falana, Ruth Waddy, Van Slater, Joyce Wellman, William E. Smith, Leon Hicks, Marion Epting, Russell Gordon, Stephanie Pogue, Devoice Berry, Margo Humphrey, Howard Smith, Jeff Donaldson, Lev Mills, Carol Ward, David Hammons, Michael Kelly Williams, Laurie Ourlicht, Gary Bibbs, Houston Conwill, Mildred Howard, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Alison Saar, Lorenzo Pace. 4to (28 cm.), wraps. 2nd edition (Revised). Reprinted 1994.LEWIS, SAMELLA. Art: African American. Los Angeles: Hancraft, 1990. x (ii), 298 pp., 294 illus. (104 in color), bibliog. Excellent survey of African American art as of the mid-70s, with a discriminating selection of plates. Unfortunately very poor quality reproductions. [All 169 artists are cross-referenced, although not separately listed here.) 4to, wraps. Second revised ed. 1990LEWIS, SAMELLA S. and RUTH G. WADDY, eds. Black Artists on Art Vol. 1 [Revised ed.]. Los Angeles: Contemporary Crafts, Inc., 1976. 141 pp., b&w and color illus., biographies of all artists. 18 artists who were in the first edition are omitted; others are added. Includes: Ron Adams, Jene Ballentine, Arthur Berry, Camille Billops, David Bradford, Arthur Britt, Fred Brown, Calvin Burnett, Cecil Burton, Arthur Carraway, Bernie Casey, Dana Chandler, Irene Clark, Donald Coles, Dan Concholar, Marva Cremer, Dewey Crumpler, Samuel Curtis, William Curtis, J. Brooks Dendy, Robert D'Hue, David Driskell, Marion Epting, Mikele Fletcher, Ibibio Fundi, Joseph Geran, Eugene Grisby, Wesley Hall, David Hammons, Phillip Hampton, Ben Hazard, Leon Hicks, Raymond Howell, Manuel Hughes, Margo Humphrey, Avotcja Jiltonilro, Marie Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Lois Jones, Jack Jordan, Cliff Joseph, L. Compton Kolawole, Raymond Lark, Samella Lewis, Juan Logan, Willie Longshore, Lawrence McGough, Karl McIntosh, David Mann, Phillip Mason, William Maxwell, Yvonne Meo, Lev Mills, James Mitchell, Arthur Monroe, Evangeline Montgomery, Constance Okwumabua, Hayward Oubré, John Outterbridge, Lorenzo Pace, James Parks, William Pajaud, Michael Perry, Bertrand Phillips, Elliott Pinkney, Gary Rickson, Malkia (Lucille) Roberts, Brenda Rogers, Charles Rogers, Arthur Rose, Betye Saar, Robert Sengstacke, Kenn Simpson, Jewel Simon, Damballah Smith, Henry O. Tanner, Della Taylor, Evelyn Terry, Elaine Towns, Royce Vaughn, Ruth Waddy, Larry Walker, Bobby Walls, Mary Washington, James Watkins, Roland Welton, Amos White, Charles White, Dan Williams, Bernard Young. 4to, cloth, d.j. Revised ed.Lewis, Samella, ed. Black Art: an international quarterly Vol. 1, No. 4 (Summer 1977). 1977. 68 pp., b&w and color illus. Includes: Larry Walker Artist/Teacher; Fremez: Cuban Printmaker; Obituary: William Ellsworth Artis; The Image and the Poem; Kenneth Falana portfolio; Camille Billops's autobiographical essay; Raymond Saunders portfolio; The sculpture of Chester Williams; UCLA exhibition on Ghanaian art. Artwork by: Raymond Saunders, Larry Walker, Fremez, Betye Saar, Kenneth Falana, Camille Billops, Chester Williams, Howard Smith, Dana Chandler, Elizabeth Catlett, plus photographs by James VanDerZee. 4to, wraps.Lewis, Samella, ed. Black Art: an international quarterly Vol. 2, No. 1 (Fall 1977). 1977. 68 pp., b&w and color illus. Articles include: Themes of Alvin C. Hollingsworth (by John H. Hewitt); Charles White Retrospective (by Bert Hammond); Ruth Lucetty Bell: Folk Artist (by Mati Robinson); Black Heritage In the Theatre Arts; Profile on arts commissioner E.J. Montgomery; Review of the play Our Lan' (by James V. Hatch); Post-World War I art developments and artists; Fashion and textile design; The Artist in the Market Place; Art news. Artwork by: Dewey Crumpler, Alvin C. Hollingsworth, Charles White, Ruth Lucetty Bell, Aaron Douglas, Jacob Lawrence, Dana Chandler, Howard Smith, Elizabeth Catlett, Camille Billops, plus documentary photography. 4to, wraps.LEWISBURG (PA). Center Gallery, Bucknell University. Since the Harlem Renaissance: 50 Years of Afro-American Art. April 13-June 6, 1984. 124 pp. exhib. cat., 96 illus. (19 in color), exhib. checklist of 133 works by 77 artists, bibliog. Text includes interviews with 12 of the artists: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, David Driskell, Sam Gilliam, Lois Mailou Jones, James Little, Al Loving, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, Frank E. Smith, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams. Intro. mentions the following artist interviews which were not used but which are on deposit with the Hatch-Billops Collection: Jeff Donaldson, Mel Edwards, Bill Hutson, Richard Mayhew, Joe Overstreet. Excellent survey with many dozens of additional artists mentioned in passing. [Traveled to: SUNY, Old Westbury, November 1-December 9; Munson-Williams- Proctor Institute, Utica , NY, January 11-March 3, 1985; University of Maryland, College Park, MD, March 27-May 3; Museum of Art, Pennsylvania State University, July 19-September 1, 1985; The Chrysler Museum, Norfolk, VA, September 22-November 1, 1985.] 4to (31 cm.; 12 x 9 in.), wraps. First ed.LOGAN, FERN, MARGARET R. VENDRYES and DEBORAH WILLIS. The Artist Portrait Series: Images of Contemporary African American Artists. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2001. xviii, 122 pp., 61 b&w illus., index. Foreword by Margaret Rose Vendryes; intro. by Deborah Willis. Portrait images by photographer Fern Logan. Subjects include: Candida Alvarez, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Ellsworth Ausby, Romare Bearden, Dawoud Bey Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Vivian Browne, Selma Burke, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Adger Cowans, Ernest Crichlow, Roy DeCarava, Louis Delsarte, Joseph Delaney, Melvin Edwards, Herbert Gentry, Rosa Guy, Manuel Hughes, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Lois Mailou Jones, Gwendolyn Knight (as Gwendolyn Lawrence), Jacob Lawrence, Samella Lewis, James Little, Al Loving, Fern Logan, Andrew Lyght, Richard Mayhew, Arthur Mitchell, Tyrone Mitchell, Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe, Gordon Parks, Howardena Pindell, John Pinderhughes, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Coreen Simpson, Merton Simpson, Charles Smalls, Vincent Smith, Frank Stewart, Raymond Bo Walker, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams, Mel Wright, and others. 4to (27 cm.; 10 x 8 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.LONG ISLAND CITY (NY). P.S. 1 Contemporary Art Center. The Wild Art Show. January 17-March 14, 1982. Group exhibition of 49 (mostly white) women artists. Curated by Faith Ringgold. Included: Emma Amos, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton-Taylor, Vivian Browne, Catti, Robin Holder, Helen Ramsaran, and Grace Williams.LONG, RICHARD, et al. African American Works on Paper from the Cochran Collection. Lagrange, 1991. 74 pp., 47 full-page illus. (6 in color), biogs. of 64 artists in this substantial collection. Intro. by Richard Long; texts by Judith Wilson, Camille Billops, Robert Blackburn. Includes 66 major 20th-century artists (including 16 women artists and a few less well-known artists): Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Trena Banks, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Moe Brooker, Vivian Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, John Dowell, Allan Edmunds, Melvin Edwards, Elton Fax, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, Maren Hassinger, Manuel Hughes, Richard Hunt, Wilmer Jennings, Lois Mailou Jones, Mohammad Khalil, Ronald Joseph, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, James Little, Whitfield Lovell, Al Loving, Richard Mayhew, Norma Morgan, Frank Neal, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Joe Overstreet, Howardena Pindell, Stephanie Pogue, Richard Powell, Mavis Pusey, Faith Ringgold, Aminah Robinson, Betye Saar, Al Smith, Walter Agustus Simon, Morgan Smith, Marvin Smith, Vincent Smith, Luther Stovall, Alma Thomas, Mildred Thompson, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Jack Whitten, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Hartwell Yeargans. [16+ venue touring exhibition beginning at: Lamar Dodd Art Center, LaGrange College, La Grange, GA, March 3-31, 1991; Columbia Museum of Art, Columbia, SC; Lauren Rogers Museum, Laurel, MI; Hickory Museum of Art, Hickory, NC; Museum of the South, Mobile, AL; Museum of Arts and Sciences, Macon, GA; Greenville Museum of Art, Greenville, SC; Danville Museum of Fine Arts and History, Danville, VA; Gadsden Museum of Art, Gadsden, AL; Polk Museum of Art, Lakeland, FL; Gibbes Museum of Art, Charleston, SC; Cleveland Institute of Art, Cleveland, OH; York County Museum of Art, Rock Hill, SC; Pensacola Museum of Art, Pensacola, FL; Marietta-Cobb Museum of Art, Marietta, GA; Indiana State University, Terre Haute, IN; Miami Univeristy Museum of Art, Oxford, OH; Washington and Lee University, Lexington, VA; Jacksonville Museum of Art, Jacksonville, FL; William and Mary College, Williamsburg, VA; Northwest Visual Arts Center, Panama City, FL; Gertrude Herbert Institute, Augusta, GA; Springfield Art Museum, Springfield, MO; Beach Museum of Art, Manhattan, KS; Montgomery Museum of Art, Montgomery, AL; New Visions Gallery, Atlanta, GA.] 4to (28 x 22 cm.), wraps. First ed.LOS ANGELES (CA). Church of Christian Fellowship. American Association for Afro-American Relations. First Annual African American Art Exhibit. 1960. Unpag. exhib. cat., biogs. and photos of artists: Herman Bailey, Camille Billops, Van Elliot, Eugene Hawkins, Wilmer James, Marion Sampler, playwright Vantile Whitfield. Texts by William P. Taylor and the Rev. Mr. James H. Hargett. (Hatch-Billops Collection) Stapled wraps.LOS ANGELES (CA). SCLC Black Expo 72. Black Motion. 1972. Unpag. (53 pp.) exhib. cat., 38 b&w illus. Work by Benny Andrews, Faith Ringgold, Jacob Lawrence, Raymond Saunders, Charles White, Walter Williams, Bill Whiting, Walter Cade III, Rufus Hinton, Camille Billops, Cliff Joseph, Gayla Cook, Onnie Millar, Vivian Browne, Vernon L. Smith, C. Vincent Haynes, Natalie Barkley, Lethia Robertson, Russ Thompson, James Denmark, Natalie Jones, Kay Brown, Art Coppedge, Norman Lewis, and members of the Kamoinge Workshop. Texts by Benny Andrews, Stephanie Jones (coordinator), Wynora Williams, Faith Ringgold, Gayla Cook. 4to, stapled pictorial wraps. with cover photo by Rufus Hinton.MEMPHIS (TN). Memphis Brooks Memorial Art Gallery. Contemporary Afro-American Craftsmen. June 1-29, 1979. Exhib. cat., illus. Group exhibition. Included: Camille Billops, Winifred Brown, Willis (Bing) Davis, Quentin Flemons, Moses O. Fowowe, Wilhelmina M. Godfrey, William J. Harris, Earl J. Hooks, Martha Jackson-Jarvis (color illus. front and back catalogue covers), Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Lynde Jordon, Lester H. Lashley, David R. MacDonald, Sylvia M. Miller, E. J. Montgomery, Winnie Owens-Hart, Lethia Robertson, Joyce J. Scott, Arthur Smith, Gregory Sparks, Sharon Spencer, Isaiah Stansberry, Earl D. Washington, Acquaetta Lelee Williams, Chester Lee Williams, Viola Wood, Theresa-India Young, 8vo, stapled pictorial wraps.MIAMI (FL). Frances Wolfson Art Center, Miami-Dade Community College. Perspectives: Camille Billops and Kabuya Pamela Bowens. February 11-March 11, 1988. Two-person exhibition. Announcement.MIAMI (FL). Metro-Dade Cultural Center. Forty Years: Robert Blackburn and the Printmaking Workshop, Inc.. February-April, 1988. Group exhibition. Included: Bob Blackburn, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Nadine DeLawrence-Maine, Melvin Edwards, Herbert Gentry, Manuel Hughes, Richard Hunt, Richard Mayhew, Richard Powell, Mavis Pusey, AJ Smith, Charles White, William T. Williams, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Richard Yarde, et al.MONTCLAIR (NJ). Montclair Art Museum. African American Art from the Collection. May 10-August 16, 1992. Group exhibition. Included: Camille Billops, Lois Mailou Jones, Betye Saar, Charles Searles, Hale Woodruff.MONTCLAIR (NJ). Montclair Art Museum. The Afro-American Artist in the Age of Cultural Pluralism. February 1-March 8, 1987. 24 pp. exhib. cat., 9 excellent full-page color plates, 5 b&w photos of artists by Dawoud Bey, Coreen Simpson, et al., biogs., bibliog., exhib. checklist of 21 works. Texts by Wendy McNeil and Clement Alexander Price. 7 artists included, with statements: Emma Amos, Camille Billops, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Al Loving, Howardena Pindell, and Betye Saar. Sq. 8vo (10 x 9 in.; 25 cm.), stapled pictorial wraps. First ed.MOORE, DARRELL. A Mosaic of Black Women Directors. Rochester, NY: Visual Studies Workshop, 1992. In: Afterimage, Vol. 19, no. 9 (April 1992) 4-5 on Camille Billops.MOORE, SYLVIA, ed. Yesterday and Tomorrow: California Women Artists. New York: Middlemarch, 1989. Includes one chapter of interest: Betty Kaplan Gubert, "Black Women Artists in California." (193-201, illus.) Artists mentioned: Varnette Honeywood, Betye Saar, Elizabeth Catlett, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Alison Saar, Ruth Waddy, Suzanne Jackson, Samella Lewis, Mildred Howard, Faith Ringgold, Margo Humphrey, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Camille Billops, Maren Hassinger; also mentions Gylbert Coker, David Hammons, Lois Mailou Jones, Howardena Pindell.MORRISTOWN (NJ). Art in the Atrium. 14th Annual Exhibition of Art in the Atrium: That's a Whole 'Notha Story. January 27-March 31, 2006. Group exhibition of work by African American artists. Curated by Viki Craig. 57 artists included: Alonzo Adams, Benny Andrews, Indira Bailey, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Camille Billops, Lula Blocton, Chakaia Booker, Wendell T. Brooks, Bradford Brown, Eleta J. Caldwell, Leroy Campbell, Nanette Carter, Bryan Collier, Viki Craig, Jose Manuel Cruz, Quintard DeGeneste, Aaron Dobbs, David Driskell, Ife East, Benny Edwards, Stephen Ellis, Frank Frazier, Jerry Gant, Gladys Barker Grauer, Ben Frieson, Nora Green, Janice Hairston, Doreen Hardie, Marietta Betty Mayes Hicklin, Adrienne Hoard, Anne Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Darnell Jones-Bey, Tyrone King, Cassandra McIntyre, Margaret Slade Kelly, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Julia Miller, Maceo Mitchell, Len Morris, Russell A. Murray, Rosalind Nzinga Nichol, Kaaren Patterson, Janet Taylor Pickett, Marsha Pickett, Zethray Penniston, Faith Ringgold, Ronald Ritzie, Sonia Sadler, Florence Statts, Cedric Smith, Delores Stewart, Bisa Washington, Joseph Milo Washington, Leroy White, Heather Williams.NEW BRUNSWICK (NJ). Douglass College Art Gallery, Rutgers University. Fragments of Myself / The Women: An Exhibition of Black Women Artists. November 17-December 12, 1980. 28 pp., b&w illus., bibliog. Artists include: Emma Amos, Camille Billops, Lula Mae Blocton, Vivian E. Browne, Jacqui Holmes, Margaret Kelly, Valerie Maynard, Janet Pickett, Howardena Pindell, Mavis Pusey, and Faith Ringgold. 8vo (22 x 14 cm), tan stapled wraps. First ed.NEW YORK (NY).. The New York Public Library African American Desk Reference. Wiley, 1999. Includes a short and dated list of the usual 110+ artists, with a considerable New York bias, and a random handful of Haitian artists, reflecting the collection at the Schomburg: architect Julian Francis Abele. Josephine Baker, Edward M. Bannister, Amiri Baraka, Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Betty Blayton, Frank Bowling, Grafton Tyler Brown, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, David Butler, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Edward Clark, Robert Colescott, Ernest Crichlow, Emilio Cruz, William Dawson, Roy DeCarava, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Aaron Douglas, John Dowell, Robert S. Duncanson, John Dunkley, William Edmondson, Melvin Edwards, Minnie Evans, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Sam Gilliam, Henry Gudgell, David Hammons, James Hampton, William A. Harper, Bessie Harvey, Isaac Hathaway, Albert Huie, Eugene Hyde, Jean-Baptiste Jean, Florian Jenkins, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Lois Mailou Jones, Lou Jones, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Ronald Joseph, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Georges Liautaud, Seresier Louisjuste, Richard Mayhew, Jean Metellus, Oscar Micheaux, David Miller, Scipio Moorhead, Archibald J. Motley, Abdias do Nascimento, Philomé Obin, Joe Overstreet, Gordon Parks, David Philpot, Elijah Pierce, Howardena Pindell, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, David Pottinger, Harriet Powers, Martin Puryear, Gregory D. Ridley, Faith Ringgold, Sultan Rogers, Leon Rucker, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, William Edouard Scott, Senegalese filmmaker Ousmane Sembene, Ntozake Shange, Philip Simmons, Lorna Simpson, Moneta J. Sleet, Vincent D. Smith, Micius Stéphane, Renée Stout, SUN RA, Alma Thomas, Neptune Thurston, Mose Tolliver (as Moses), Bill Traylor, Gerard Valcin, James Vanderzee, Melvin Van Peebles. Derek Walcott, Kara Walker, Eugene Warburg, Laura Wheeler Waring, James W. Washington, Barrington Watson, Carrie Mae Weems, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Jack Whitten, Lester Willis, William T. Williams, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Richard Yarde. 8vo (9.1 x 7.5 in.), cloth, d.j.NEW YORK (NY). Acts of Art, Inc. Black Artists in the New York Scene. n.d. (1974). Exhibition flier, illus., statement by Nigel Jackson. Includes 22 artists: Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Vivian Browne, Art Coppedge, James Denmark, Alvin Hollingsworth, Manuel Hughes, Norman Lewis, Tyrone Mitchell, Dindga McCannon, Otto Neals, Enid Richardson, Gregory Ridley, Jr., Faith Ringgold, Donald J. Robertson, Ernestine Robertson, Virginia Smit, Vincent D. Smith, Lloyd Toone, Grace Y. Williams, Hale Woodruff. Folded sheet.NEW YORK (NY). Artists Space. 5000 Artists Return to Artists Space: 25 Years. 1998. 352 pp., interviews with selected curators and former directors of Artists Space, testimonials by numerous artists (including Adrian Piper), index of names, list of publications. Claudia Gould and Valerie Smith, eds. One of the best known of the new contemporary museums that sprang up across America during the '70s, because it was controlled by artists and located in the heart of Soho. As the record indicates, however, Artists Space was also one of the least inclined to include artists of color in their exhibitions; fewer than 1% of the 5000 artists exhibited in 25 years of group exhibitions were African American and most of these were shown during the 2+-year period when Connie Butler was curator at Artists Space. Group exhibitions included the following artists: Jane Alexander, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Xenobia Bailey, Amiri Baraka, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Prophet William Blackmon, Fred Brathwaite, Kaucyila Brooke, James Andrew Brown, Ed Clark, Willie Cole, Renée Cox, Melvin Edwards, Fab 5 Freddy, Futura 2000, Ellen Gallagher, Tony Gray, Renée Green, David Hammons, Bessie Harvey, Lyle Ashton Harris, Cynthia Hawkins, Janet Henry, Marilyn Nance, Senga Nengudi, Lorraine O'Grady, Joe Overstreet, Paul Pfeiffer, William Pope.L., Marlon Riggs, Gary Simmons, Lorna Simpson, Kara Walker, Carrie Mae Weems, Tim Whiten, Pat Ward Williams, Fred Wilson, Purvis Young, and a few others. 4to (11 x 8.4 in.), boards.NEW YORK (NY). Artists Space. Reframing the Family. January 17-March 2, 1991. Exhib. cat., b&w illus. Curated and text by Connie Butler, Barbara Ehrenreich, and Micki McGee. Artists include: Camille Billops, Carrie Mae Weems. 9 x 9 in.NEW YORK (NY). Artists Talk on Art (ATOA). The Legacy of Bob Blackburn founder of the Printmaking Workshop (Video). Artists Talk on Art (ATOA), 2004. Videotape of panel discussion held April 23, 2004. Moderator: Madalon Jones. Artist panelists: Kathy Caraccio, Gail Jansen, film producer, and Camille Billops. VHS-NTSC: color, sd.NEW YORK (NY). Asian American Arts Centre & Kenkeleba House. Ancestors. March 16-May 6, 1995. Group exhibition. Included African American, Asian American, African Asian artists. Included: Camille Billops, Albert V. Chong, Sana Musasama, Howardena Pindell, and collaborators Liu Lan Ding/Robert Craddock, Eunjyu Kang/Charles Burwell, David Higginbotham/Toshinori Kuga, Hyon Joo Kim/Preston Jackson, Lisa K. Yi/Faith Ringgold. Exhibition announcement.NEW YORK (NY). Bernice Steinbaum Gallery. American Resources: Selected Works of African American Artists. August 26-September 24, 1989. Unpag. (94 pp.) exhib. cat., 91 b&w illus., checklist. A catalogue of three exhibitions held June 18-August 18 in Nashville which were subsequently shown together at Bernice Steinbaum Gallery. Includes: 14 older masterworks, 57 works by 47 contemporary avant garde artists, and 34 works by outsider artists. Curated and text by Bernice Steinbaum. Excellent wide-ranging selection with many women artists represented. Includes: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Richmond Barthé [as Richard], Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Frederick J. Brown, Vivian Browne, Beverly Buchanan, David Butler, Carole Byard, Archie Byron, Kimberly Camp, Elizabeth Catlett, Catti, Albert Chong, C'love, Robert Colescott, Houston Conwill, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Thornton Dial (Sr.), Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Sam Doyle, David Driskell, William Edmondson, Minnie Evans, Sam Gilliam, Ralph Griffin, Bessie Harvey, Maren Hassinger, Gerald Hawkes, Janet Henry, Lonnie Holley (as Holly), Margo Humphrey, Richard Hunt, Noah Jemisin, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Ronald Joseph, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Joe Light, Ronald Lockett, Wini McQueen (as Winnie), J.B. Murry, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Joe Overstreet, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Martin Puryear, John Rhoden, John Riddle, Faith Ringgold, Royal Robertson, Juanita Rogers, Nellie Mae Rowe, Alison Saar, Raymond Saunders, Joyce Scott, Elizabeth Talford Scott, William E. Scott, Clarissa Sligh, Albert A. Smith (as Albert H. Smith), Mary T. Smith, Henry Speller, Jimmie Lee Sudduth, Alma Thomas, James (Son) Thomas, Bob Thompson (as Bobby), Mose Tolliver, Bill Traylor, Felix Vergous, Bisa Washington, Grace Y. Williams, Philemona Williamson, Hale Woodruff, Purvis Young. Narrow 8vo (23 cm.), grey paper wraps, lettered in black. First ed.NEW YORK (NY). Bill Hodges Gallery. African American Art IV. 2006. 80 pp., 89 illus. (approx. 59 in color), one-page bios. of each artist, notes. Artists included: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Edward Clark, Roy DeCarava, Melvin Edwards, Lyle Ashton Harris, Jo Ann Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Glenn Ligon, Nelson A. Primus, Charles Sebree, Lorna Simpson, James Vanderzee, James Lesesne Wells. Small 4to, pictorial card wraps. First ed.NEW YORK (NY). Black Enterprise. Group Show: A Look at Different Artists, Their Works, Styles and Techniques. 1975. In: Black Enterprise 6 (Dec. 1975): (51-62). Article consists of one paragraph on each artist, with accompanying color plate. Includes: Art Coppedge, Valerie Maynard, Alma Thomas, Barkley Hendricks, Charles White, Camille Billops, Ed Clark, Vincent Smith, Norman Lewis, Betye Saar, Benny Andrews, Fred Eversley.NEW YORK (NY). Ceres Gallery. Reflections: Women in their Own Image: Autobiographical works by Women Artists. January 22-February 9, 1985. Group exhibition of 100 women artists. Curated by Nancy Azara, Priscilla Greene, and Jenna Josephson. Included: Camille Billops, Vivian Browne, Janet Henry, Helen Ramsaran, Faith Ringgold. Invitation card, printed on both sides, listing all artists.NEW YORK (NY). Clocktower Gallery, P.S.1. Progressions: A Cultural Legacy. February 13-March 15, 1986. 20 pp. exhib. cat. Sponsored by Women's Caucus for Art. A tribute to black women pioneers in the visual arts and their many talented descendants. 5 b&w illus., checklist of 31 works by 31 different artists. Curated by Julia Hotten, Vivian Browne, Emma Amos. An exhibition sponsored by the WCA to celebrate the centennial anniversary of the Statue of Liberty and Black History Month. Groundbreaking exhibition of work by black women artists. Included: Emma Amos, Selma Burke, Vivian Browne, Nanette Carter, Maren Hassinger, Cynthia Hawkins, Janet Henry, Robin Holder, Lois Mailou Jones, Fern Logan, Sandra Payne, Janet Taylor Pickett, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, et al. 12mo, stapled wraps. First ed.NEW YORK (NY). College Art Association. Directory of People of Color in the Visual Arts. 1993. Foreword, Murry DePillars; essay by Faith Ringgold. Individuals are indexed by name (with address, phone number, fax, etc.) as well as by discipline: academic, arts organization, self-employed /unaffiliated, museum/gallery; by ethnicity; and by state. Limited attempt to put together a Who's Who of Color in the Arts, based on the membership list of an organization with only 80 African American members at the time of publication. Wraps.NEW YORK (NY). Feature Gallery. I Only Want You to Love Me. October 7-November 4, 1989. Group exhibition of work by nine artists Curated by Hilton Als. Included: Camille Billops, Adrian Piper, Lorna Simpson, Darryl Turner, James VanDerZee. The homage to Fassbinder's film seems to have been more in the mind of the curator than in the work of the artists.NEW YORK (NY). Flomenhaft Gallery. African American Art and Life. January 2-February 28, 2009. Group exhibition. Included: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Beverly Buchanan, Jacob Lawrence, Builder Levy, Faith Ringgold, Charles Lloyd Tucker and Carrie Mae Weems.NEW YORK (NY). Heresies Collective. Heresies: A Feminist Publication on Art and Politics 2, no. 4 (Issue 8) Third World Women: The Politics of Being Other. New York, Heresies Collective, 1979. 128 pp., b&w illus. This issue includes: Howardena Pindell "Criticism/or/Between the Lines" (with pen and ink on acetate drawing); Vivian E. Browne "A Photo Essay on the People's Republic of China" (6 photos); "Some Reflections on Black Women in Film" by Rosemari Mealy; "Political Self-Portrait #2" and "Without Consent" by Adrian Piper; "Poem" by Jayne Cortez (with photo of Josephine Baker); "Wall Fragment/GA" by Beverly Buchanan; "A Note on the Woman's Building and Black Exclusion" by Erlene Stetson with drawing by Lula Blocton, photo of Ida Wells; photo of Betty Carter by Sharon C. Farmer; Colored pencil drawing by Lula Mae Blocton; "Power Exchange 4: Camille Billops" by Valerie Harris (with photo of Billops); Naeemah Shabazz "Homophobia: Myths and Realities." 4to, wraps.NEW YORK (NY). INTAR Hispanic American Arts Center. Autobiography: In Her Own Image. April-May, 1988. 36 pp., 21 illus., 12 full-page color, exhib. checklist. Curated by Howardena Pindell. Texts by Judith Wilson and Moira Roth. African American artists included: Candida Alvarez, Emma Amos, Camille Billops, Vivian E. Browne, Janet Olivia Henry, Adrian Piper, Alison Saar, Lorna Simpson, Clarissa Sligh, and Pat Ward Williams. [Traveled to Nexus Contemporary Art Center, Atlanta, October-November; Mills College Art Gallery, Oakland, CA, January-March, 1989; Ritter Art Gallery, Florida Atlantic University, March-April, 1989; Women & Their Work Gallery, Austin TX, May-June.] Small sq. 4to, wraps. First ed.NEW YORK (NY). International Print Center. Creative Space: Fifty Years of Robert Blackburn's Printmaking Workshop. November 27, 2002-January 29, 2003. 14 pp. exhib. programme and checklist, color illus. A Library of Congress exhibition realized in collaboration with International Print Center New York and the Elizabeth Foundation for the Arts. prints drawn from the Robert Blackburn Printmaking Workshop Archives and Collection, now on deposit at The Library of Congress. Curated by Deborah Cullen. African American artists included: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Diogenes Ballester, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Bob Blackburn, Roy DeCarava, Elizabeth Catlett, Ernest Crichlow, Eldzier Cortor, Melvin Edwards, Robin Holder, Margo Humphrey, Ronald Joseph, Mohammed Khalil, Jacob Lawrence, Rudzani Nemasetoni, Faith Ringgold, Juan Sanchez, Vincent Smith, Charles White, Michael Kelly Williams, William T. Williams, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff. 8vo, pictorial wraps.NEW YORK (NY). Kenkeleba House. Jus' Jass: Correlations of Painting and Afro-American Classical Music. October 28-December 4, 1983. Unpag. (30 pp.) exhib. cat., b&w illus. Text by Steve Cannon. Group exhibition of 27 works. Included: Terry Adkins, Emma Amos, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Marion Brown, Vivian Browne, Ben Caldwell, Catti, David Hammons, Gerald Jackson, Noah Jemison, Daniel L. Johnson, Norman Lewis, Richard Mayhew, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Joe Overstreet, James Phillips, Faith Ringgold, Charles Searles, Vincent D. Smith, Michael Kelly Williams, William T. Williams, et al. Sq. 8vo (21 x 23 cm.; 8 x 9 in.), wraps. Checklist laid in.NEW YORK (NY). Kenkeleba House. Sticks + Stones: Modern/PostModern Sculpture. October 14-November 25, 1984. 34 pp. exhib. cat., 27 b&w illus. (one for each artist.) Text by Kellie Jones; foreword by Howard McCalebb. Includes: Camille Billops, Colin Chase, Melvin Edwards, David Hammons, Maren Hassinger, James McCoy, Tyrone Mitchell, Sana Musasama, Helen Ramsaran, Shirley Stark, Fred Wilson. [Review: Amy Slaton, "Sticks and Stones at Kenkeleba," East Village Eye (November 1984):35. Sq. 4to (9 x 9 in.), stapled wraps.NEW YORK (NY). Lever House. Sculpture '81. February 18-March 16, 1981. Exhib. cat., illus., biogs. Intro. by Doris McKelvy and Jack E. Jordan. Group exhibition curated by Bertina Hunter. Included: Richmond Barthé, Camille Billops (photo), Selma Burke, Betty Blayton, Elizabeth Catlett, James Denmark, Mel Edwards, Inge Hardison, Richard Hunt, Myra Ivory, Jack Jordan, Robert W. Kelly, Jerome B. Meadows, Arnold Prince, Tyrone Mitchell, John Rhoden, Lloyd Toone, Bo Walker, Masood Ali Warren, Frank Wimberley, Estella V. Wright.NEW YORK (NY). National Arts Club. Women Artists in Celebration of Lois Mailou Jones. March 18-27, 1999. 24 pp. exhib. cat., 17 b&w illus., plus cover photo of Jones, brief biog. and small photo of each of the other 8 artists with artist's personal statement about Lois Mailou Jones. Text and curated by Julia Hotton; afterword by David C. Driskell. Checklist of 14 works by Lois Mailou Jones (mostly works from the collection of Dr. Beny Primm ), and works by Emma Amos, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Nanette Carter, Catti, Rose Piper, Patricia Richardson, Virginia Evans Smit. A wonderful exhibition mounted as a fundraiser for the Harlem Youth Development Foundation that came and went without any attention from the art world. 4to, wraps. First ed. Opening invitation card laid in.NEW YORK (NY). New Museum of Contemporary Art. Bad Girls. 1994. 164 pp., 7 color plates, approx. 75 small b&w illus., checklist, compendium, extensive "bad girls" bibliog., list of exhibitions, videos. Texts by Marcia Tucker, Marcia Tanner, Lynda G. Bryant, Cheryl Dunye. Black women artists include: Xenobia Bailey, Camille Billops, Renée Cox, Janet Henry, Joyce Scott, Coreen Simpson, Cauleen Smith, Carrie Mae Weems, Jocelyn Taylor. Also included in the expanded exhibition at UCLA Wight Art Gallery: Lorna Simpson. Sq. 8vo (8.5 x 7.5 in.), wraps. First ed.NEW YORK (NY). New Museum of Contemporary Art. Events: Fashion Moda - Taller Bourica -- Artists Invite Artists. December 13, 1980-January 8, 1981; February 14-March 5, 1981. Unpag. (52 pp.) exhib. cat., 41 b&w illus., chronol., bibliog. Catalogue covering three different exhibitions. Includes: Charles Abramson, Benny Andrews, Ellsworth Ausby, Camille Billops, James A. Brown, Vivian E. Browne, Robert Colescott, Melvin Edwards, Janet Henry, Jamillah Jennings, MLJ Johnson, Algernon Miller, Howard McCalebb, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Joe Overstreet, Martin Payton, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Hayward Rivers, Juan Sanchez, Grace Williams. 8vo, 21 x 23 cm., wraps.NEW YORK (NY). New York Cultural Center. Blacks: USA: 1973. September 26-November 15, 1973. 28 pp. exhib. cat., 20 b&w illus., checklist of approx. 100 works by 42 artists. Intro. Mario Amaya; text by artist Benny Andrews. Excellent reference to many of the leading African American artists of the '60s and early '70s. Includes work by Roland Ayers, Ellen Banks, Camille Billops, Kay Brown, Vivian Browne, Carole Byard, Art Carraway, Dana Chandler, Art Coppedge, Melvyn Ettrick, Frederick J. Eversley, Reginald Gammon, Palmer Hayden, Ben Hazard, Leon Hicks, Manuel Hughes, Suzanne Jackson, Marie Johnson-Callaway, Ben Jones, Stephanie Jones, Cliff Joseph, Robert Jerden, Kassan (a.k.a. Joseph Washington), Jacob Lawrence, Al Loving, Richard Mayhew, Valerie Maynard, Ademola Olugebefola, James Phillips, Howardena Pindell, Leslie K. Price, Mahler Ryder, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Vincent Smith, John Steptoe, Nelson Stevens, Russel Thompson, William Travis, Charles White, Hale Woodruff. The first major exhibition of Black art chosen by an all-Black jury. 4to (11 x 8.5 in.), wraps. First ed.NEW YORK (NY). Rush Arts Gallery. Women in Full Effect. March 17-May 2, 1997. Group exhibition. Curated by Nanette Carter. Included: Camille Billops, Vladimir Cybil, Robin Holder, Carolyn Martin, Sana Musasama, Debra Priestly, Helen Ramsaran, Philemona Williamson, et al.NEW YORK (NY). Salmagundi Club. The First Annual Auction of Afro-American Paintings, Drawings, Sculpture, and Prints. October 25, 1980. 114 pp., over 170 lots (including over 140 African American works of art by dozens of artists), b&w illus., brief commentary, exhibs., selected bibliog. for most artists. A significant and substantial early auction of African American work with African sculpture from Nigeria and fine antiquities from Egypt. 8vo, stapled wraps. First ed.NEW YORK (NY). Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. Art in Print: A Tribute to Robert Blackburn. November 30, 1984-January 18, 1985. 15 pp. exhib. cat., illus. Intro. Julia Hotten; commentaries by Romare Bearden, Emma Amos. Eldzier Cortor, A. J. Smith, Michael Williams, Robin Holder, mentions Betty Blayton, Bill Hutson, Al Loving, Romare Bearden, Ed Clark, Benny Andrews, Vincent Smith, Norman Lewis, John Wilson, Sharon Sutton, Mel Edwards. Exhib. checklist includes 30 artists: Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Bob Blackburn, Betty Blayton, Vivian Browne, Ed Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Adger Cowans, Ernest Crichlow, Melvin Edwards, Herbert Gentry, Charles Graham; Raymond Grist, Robin Holder, Bill Hutson, Souleymane Keita, Norman Lewis, Richard Mayhew, Ademola Olugebefola, Pat Richardson, Albert Alexander Smith, Virginia Evans-Smit, Shirley Stark, Benjamin Wigfall, Jack White, William T. Williams.NEW YORK (NY). Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. Black New York Artists of the 20th Century: Selections from the Schomburg Center Collections. November 19, 1998-March 31, 1999. 96 pp. exhib. cat., 127 illus. (36 in color), bibliog. Ed. and text by curator Victor N. Smythe. Includes 125 artists: Tina Allen, Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Ellsworth Ausby, Abdullah Aziz, Xenobia Bailey, Ellen Banks, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Kabuya Bowens, William E. Braxton, Kay Brown, Selma Burke, Carole Byard, Elmer Simms Campbell, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Violet Chandler, Colin Chase, Schroeder Cherry, Ed Clark, Houston Conwill, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Emilio Cruz, Michael Cummings, Diane Davis, Lisa Corinne Davis, Francks Francois Deceus, Avel C. DeKnight, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Louis Delsarte, James Denmark, Aaron Douglas, Taiwo Duvall, Melvin Edwards, Elton Fax, Tom Feelings, Robert T. Freeman, Herbert Gentry, Rex Goreleigh, Theodore Gunn, Inge Hardison, Oliver Harrington, Verna Hart, Palmer Hayden, Carl E. Hazlewood, Alvin C. Hollingsworth, Manuel Hughes, Bill Hutson, Harlan Jackson, Laura James, Wadsworth Jarrell, Jamillah Jennings, M.L.J. Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Oliver Johnson, Gwen Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Cecil Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Richard Leonard, Norman Lewis, Bell Earl Looney, Valerie Maynard, Dindga McCannon, Sam Middleton, Onaway K. Millar, Louis E. Mimms, Tyrone Mitchell, Mark Keith Morse, George J.A. Murray, Sr., Sana Musasama, Otto Neals, Jide Ojo, Ademola Olugebefola, James Phillips, Anderson Pigatt, Robert S. Pious, Rose Piper, Georgette Seabrooke Powell, Debra Priestly, Ronald Okoe Pyatt, Abdur-Rahman, Patrick Reason, Donald A. Reid, Earle Richardson, Faith Ringgold, Winfred J. Russell, Alison Saar, Augusta Savage, Charles Searles, Charles Sebree, James Sepyo, Milton Sherrill, Danny Simmons, Deborah Singletary, Albert Alexander Smith, Mei Tei Sing-Smith, Vincent Smith, Tesfaye Tessema, Dox Thrash, Haileyesus Tilahun, Bo Walker, Arlington Weithers, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Emmett Wigglesworth, Billy Doe Williams, Grace Williams, Michael Kelly Williams, Walter H. Williams, William T. Williams, Ellis Wilison, George Wilson, Ron and Addelle Witherspoon, Hale Woodruff. as well as work by members of the collectives Spiral and Weusi and the early '70s exhibit by black women artists called Where We At, and dozens more. 4to (28 x 22 cm.), pictorial wraps. First ed.NEW YORK (NY). Studio Museum in Harlem. Tradition and Conflict: Images of a Turbulent Decade 1963-1973. 1985. 100 pp. exhib. cat., 69 b&w illus., checklist of 151 works, bibliog. Important exhibition curated by Mary Schmidt Campbell. Includes Benny Andrews' journal/chronology of black political art activism 1963-1973, the curator's chronologies of historical and art historical events. Included: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Malcolm Bailey, Romare Bearden, Kay Brown, Vivian Browne, Arthur Carraway, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Houston Conwill, Murry Depillars, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Calvin Douglass, Melvin Edwards, Perry Ferguson, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Linda Goode-Bryant, Emilio Cruz, David Hammons, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, Wadsworth Jarrell, Sargent Johnson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Carolyn Lawrence, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, William Majors, Richard Mayhew, Valerie Maynard, Dindga McCannon, Earl B. Miller, Tyrone Mitchell, Joe Overstreet, James Phillips, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Willi Posey, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Merton Simpson, George H. Smith, Vincent D. Smith, Charles White, Jack Whitten, Hale Woodruff, Richard Yarde, James Yeargans, photographs by Robert A. Sengstacke. [Traveled to: Galleries of the Claremont Colleges, Claremont, CA; The Heckscher Museum, Huntington, NY; Museum of the Center of Afro-American Artists, Boston, MA; New York State Museum, Albany, NY; David and Alfred Smart Gallery, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL; Arkansas Arts Center, Little Rock, AK; Tower Fine Arts Gallery, State University College, Brockport, NY.] 4to, wraps. First ed.NEW YORK (NY). Whitney Museum of American Art. 1993 Biennial Exhibition. 1993. 284 pp., color and b&w illus. Texts by David A. Ross, Elisabeth Sussman, Thelma Golden, Coco Fusco, Ruby B. Rich, John Hanhardt, et al, Included: Camille Billops and James Hatch, Allan deSouza (Video collaboration with Yong Soon Min, included in Shu Lea Chang's installation), Coco Fusco, Glenn Ligon, Alison Saar, Gary Simmons, Lorna Simpson, Pat Ward Williams, Fred Wilson, film by Marco Williams, and video installation by Pamela L. Jennings. Large 8vo, wraps.New York (NY). Wilmer Jennings Gallery at Kenkeleba House. Fabulous Fables and Legendary Exploits: CAMILLE BILLOPS in Retrospect on Paper. January, 2010. Solo exhibition of 63 works from the 1960s to the present.NEWARK (DE). Mechanical Hall, University of Delaware. Printed Proof: Selections from the Brandywine Workshop in the Paul R. Jones Collection. -June 30, 2006. Exhibition curated by Amalia Amaki; included a selection from the 176 master prints by African American artists donated in 2004 to the Paul R. Jones Collection at the University of Delaware. This show included: Camille Billops, John Biggers, Willie Birch, Barbara Chase-Riboud, John Dowell, Sam Gilliam, Alvin Loving, Charles Searles, et al.NEWARK (DE). University Museum, University of Delaware. A Century of African American Art: The Paul R. Jones Collection. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2004. 259 pp., mostly color plates throughout, artists' biogs., bibliog., notes on contributors, index. Ed. by Amalia Amaki, curator of the collection, with additional texts by Sharon Pruitt, Ann E. Gibson, Ikem Stanley Okoye, Marcia R. Cohen and Diana McClintock, Carla Williams, Winston Kennedy. Artists include: Jim Alexander, William J. Anderson, Benny Andrews, Heman Kofi Bailey, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Frank Bowling, Benjamin Britt, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Doughba H. Caranda-Martin, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, David Driskell, Michael Ellison, John W. Feagin, Reginald Gammon, Samuel Guilford, Earl J. Hooks, Margo Humphrey, Bill Hutson, Amos "Ashanti" Johnson, P.R. Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Samella Lewis, James Little, Lionel Lofton, Edward Loper, Aimee Miller, Jimmie Lee Mosely, Ming Smith Murray, Ayokunle Odeleye, Harper T. Phillips, Howardena Pindell, Prentice H. Polk, Alvin Smith, Cedric Smith, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Leo Twiggs, James Vanderzee, Carrie Mae Weems, Charles White, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, et al. [Traveled to numerous venues including: Spelman College Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA, September 8-December 10, 2005; Hilliard University Art Museum, Lafayette, LA, September 7-December 29, 2007.] 4to (29 cm.), cloth, d.j. First ed.NEWARK (DE). University of Delaware. African American Art: The Paul R. Jones Collection. February 11-April 4, 1993. 24 pp., 20 b&w illus., 4 color plates, biogs., bibliog., notes, checklist of 74 items by 53 artists, mostly prints, drawings, and photographs. Text by William I. Homer. Artists include: Amalia Amaki, William Anderson, Benny Andrews, Trena Banks, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Frank Bowling, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Margaret T. Burroughs, Nanette Carter, William Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Roy DeCarava, Edwin Augustus Harleston, Wadsworth Jarrell, Jacob Lawrence, James Little, Lev Mills, Evelyn Mitchell, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Heyward Oubré, Howardena Pindell, P. H. Polk, John Riddle, Betye Saar, Addison Scurlock, Jewel Simon, Freddie L. Styles, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Leo Twiggs, Charles White, Jack Whitten, Hale Woodruff. 4to, stapled wraps. First ed.NEWARK (NJ). Aljira, A Center for Contemporary Art. African American Printmakers: The Legacy Continues. March 11-July 2, 2005. Group exhibition. The contributions of African American artists to printmaking from the 1920’s to the present. Organized by independent curator, Cynthia Hawkins. Includes over 90 prints by 26 artists: Aaron Douglas, Wilmer Jennings, Dox Thrash, Vivian E. Browne, Bob Blackburn, Norman Lewis, William Majors, Robert Neal, Frederick Jones, James L. Wells, Eldzier Cortor, Elizabeth Catlett, John Dowell, Albert Huie, Curlee Holton, Howardena Pindell, Berrisford Boothe, Charlotte Ka, Robert L. Neal, Norma Morgan, Nanette Carter, Linda Hiwot, Robin Holder, Camille Billops, Hale Woodruff, and Kabuya Bowens.NEWARK (NJ). Rutgers Center for Innovative Print and Paper, Mason Gross School of the Arts. The Legacy and Influence of Artist/Educators from of the Arts New Jersey’s Multiple Ethnic & Racial Communities 1950-1980. May 1-June 30, 2004. Group exhibition of work by multicultural and multi-ethnic artist/teachers and examination of their influence on the subsequent generations of artists in New Jersey. Artists include: Emma Amos, Mel Edwards, Lloyd McNeil, Billie Pritchard, Vivian Browne, Camille Billops, Ben Jones, Wendell T. Brooks, Gladys Grauer, Hughie Lee-Smith, Rex Goreleigh.ORANGEBURG (SC). I. P Stanback Museum, South Carolina State University. Images of the Unimaginable: Art. November, 2010. Group exhibition. Included: Camille Billops, Schroeder Cherry, Kevin Cole, Tolulope Filani, Vanessa German, Tyrone Geter, David Marion Green, Jesse Guinyard, Damond Howard, Richard Mayhew, Colin Quashie, Leo Twiggs, Hale Woodruff.ORANGEBURG (SC). I. P. Stanback Museum, South Carolina State University. Transcending the Legacy of Slavery and the Holocaust. December, 2010-January 4, 2011. Group exhibition. Included: Camille Billops, Schroeder Cherry, Tolulope Filani, Tyrone Geter, Vanessa German, Jesse Guinyard, Damond Howard, Kimberly LeDee, Leo Twiggs, Colin Quashie.PAINTER, NELL IRVIN. Creating Black Americans: African American History and its Meanings 1619 to the Present. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. xvi, 458 pp., 148 illus. (110 in color), 4 maps, bibliog., index. Valuable for its images. A historical and cultural narrative that stretches from Africa to hip-hop with unusual attention paid to visual work. However, Painter is a historian not an art historian and therefore deals with the art in summary fashion without discussion of its layered imagery. Artists named include: Sylvia Abernathy, Tina Allen, Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Xenobia Bailey, James Presley Ball, Edward M. Bannister, Amiri Baraka (as writer), Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, C. M. Battey, Romare Bearden, Arthur P. Bedou, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Carroll Parrott Blue, Leslie Bolling, Chakaia Booker, Cloyd Boykin, Kay Brown, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Chris Clark, Claude Clarke, Houston Conwill, Brett Cook-Dizney, Allan Rohan Crite, Willis "Bing" Davis, Roy DeCarava, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, David C. Driskell, Robert S. Duncanson, Melvin Edwards, Tom Feelings, Roland L. Freeman, Meta Warrick Fuller, Paul Goodnight, Robert Haggins, Ed Hamilton, David Hammons, Inge Hardison, Edwin A. Harleston, Isaac Hathaway, Palmer Hayden, Kyra Hicks, Freida High-Tesfagiogis, Paul Houzell, Julien Hudson, Margo Humphrey, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Wadsworth Jarrell, Joshua Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, William H. Johnson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Jacob Lawrence, Viola Burley Leak, Charlotte Lewis, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Lewis, Glenn Ligon, Estella Conwill Majozo, Valerie Maynard, Aaron McGruder, Lev Mills, Scipio Moorhead, Archibald Motley, Jr., Howardena Pindell, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Harriet Powers, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, JoeSam, Melvin Samuels (NOC 167), O.L. Samuels, Augusta Savage, Joyce J. Scott, Herbert Singleton, Albert A. Smith, Morgan & Marvin Smith, Vincent Smith, Nelson Stevens, Ann Tanksley, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Dox Thrash, James Vanderzee, Kara Walker, Paul Wandless, Augustus Washington, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Pat Ward Williams, Hale Woodruff, Purvis Young. 8vo (9.4 x 8.2 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed.PHILADELPHIA (PA). African American Museum in Philadelphia. As We See It: Selected Works from the Petrucci Family Foundation Collection of African American Art. February 5-March 21, 2015. Group exhibition of an important mostly mid-Atlantic collection. Curated by Berrisford Boothe. Included: William E. Artis, Edward M. Bannister, Dawoud Bey, Camille Billops, Berrisford Boothe, James Brantley, Moe Brooker, Barbara Bullock, Margaret Burroughs, Charles Burwell, Donald E. Camp, Elizabeth Catlett, Kevin Cole, Allan Rohan Crite, James Dupree, David C. Driskell, Allan Edmunds, Sam Gilliam, Curlee Holton, Ed Hughes, Martina Johnson-Allen, Paul Keene, Beni E. Kosh, Deryl Mackie, Richard Mayhew, Sam Middleton, Charles Sallee, Sterling Shaw, Mei Tei-Sing Smith, Louis Sloan, Nelson Stevens, Charles Searles, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Dox Thrash, Richard J. Watson.PHILADELPHIA (PA). Brandywine Workshop. African American Artist Sketchbooks. Scheduled for Summer 2008. Exhib. cat. Group exhibition of work from the past five years. artworks, notes and narratives will reflect ideas and concepts for artwork eventually created (prints, paintings and sculptures), project proposals, or compulsive drawing as a facet of artistic exploration and growth. Artists include: John T. Scott, William T. Williams, John E Dowell, Jr., Clarissa Sligh, Howardena Pindell, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Camille Billops, Floyd Newsum, William E. Pajaud, Keith Morrison, and Mel Edwards, among others.PHILADELPHIA (PA). Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. The Chemistry of Color: African American Artists in Philadelphia, 1970-1990. The Harold A. and Ann R. Sorgenti Collection of Contemporary African-American Art. January 11-April 10, 2005. 96 pp. exhib. cat., 69 color plates, plus 31 color thumbnail illus., bibliog., index, timeline integrating artistic achievements with local and national events. Text by Kim Sajet, with foreword by Howardena Pindell. Exhibition of the Harold A. and Ann R. Sorgenti Collection of contemporary African American art. Includes works by Benny Andrews, James Atkins, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, James Brantley, Moe Brooker, Beverly Buchanan, Barbara Bullock, Calvin Burnett, Charles Burwell, Donald Camp, Syd Carpenter, Nanette Carter, Yvonne Pickering Carter, Nannette Acker Clark, Gregory Coates, Adger W. Cowans, John E. Dowell, Jr., Allan L. Edmunds, Sam Gilliam, Curlee Raven Holton, Edward Hughes, Richard Hunt, Jacob Lawrence, Earl B. Lewis, Alvin Loving, Lynn Marshall-Linnemeier, John McDaniel, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, John E. Rozelle, Betty Saar, Raymond Saunders, Charles Searles, Andrew Turner, Richard J. Watson, Stanley K. Whitney, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams, Gilberto Antonio Wilson. Numerous other artists mentioned in passing: Ellsworth Ausby, Betty Blayton, Deryl Mackie, James Phillips, Horace Pippin, Martin Puryear, Mavis Pusey, Louis Sloan, Bradley Smith, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Hubert Taylor, Bob Thompson, Dox Thrash, Ellen Tiberino, Pheoris West, et al. [Seemingly the same exhibition at the Hudson River Museum, Yonkers, NY, February 5-May 8, 2011.] 4to (31 x 23 cm.; 11.8 x 9 in.), stiff self-wraps. First ed.PHILADELPHIA (PA). Philadelphia Museum of Art. Full Spectrum: Prints from the Brandywine Workshop. September 7-November 25, 2012. 80 pp. exhib. cat., color illus. Curated from the Museum's collection by Shelley R. Langdale. Text by Ruth Fine and Shelley Langdale. The exhibition included 54 prints whose subject ranged from cultural identity, political and social issues to portraiture, landscape, patterning, and pure abstraction. Note: The catalogue extends the scope of the exhibition to include a total of 100 prints by 89 artists (the majority are African American artists), donated by the Brandywine Workshop to the Philadelphia Museum of Art. Artists included: Danny Alvarez, Emma Amos, Akili Ron Anderson, Benny Andrews, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, James Brantley, Moe Brooker, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Nanette Clark, Louis Delsarte, John Dowell, James Dupree, Alan Edmunds, Rodney Ewing, Sam Gilliam, Michael D. Harris, Barkeley Hendricks, Curlee Holton, Ed Hughes, Richard Hunt, Wadsworth Jarrell, Martina Johnson-Allen, Paul Keene, Hughie Lee-Smith, Samella Lewis, Alvin Loving, Valerie Maynard, Ibrahim Miranda, Evangeline Montgomery, Keith Morrison, Howardena Pindell, Dwight Pogue, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Clarissa Sligh, Vincent Smith, Edgar Sorrells-Adewale, Vuyile Voyiya, Larry Walker, James Lesesne Wells, William T. Williams. 4to (27.9 x 21.6 cm.), wraps.PHILADELPHIA (PA). Print Club of Philadelphia / Port of History Museum at Penn's Landing. Printed by Women: A National Exhibition of Photographs and Prints. February 17-March 27, 1983. 78 pp. exhib. cat., b&w illus. Commentary by Judith K. Brodsky and Ofelia Garcia. Included: Camille Billops, Vivian Browne, Elizabeth Catlett, Margo Humphrey, Samella Lewis, Norma Morgan, Faith Ringgold, Florence Staats. 4to, wraps. First ed.PHILADELPHIA (PA). Vivant Art Collection Gallery. Transcending History: Moving Beyond the Legacy of Slavery and the Holocaust. February 4-27, 2010. Group exhibition of 50 works by 30 Jewish and African-American artists. Curated by Idea Coalition. Included: Camille Billops, Vanessa German, Tyrone Geter, Nadine Lafond, David Marion, Colin Quashie, Damian Saunders, Leo Twiggs, et al. [Traveled to: The Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture, Baltimore, MD, April 23-November 26, 2010; I.P. Stanback Museum, South Carolina State University, Orangeburg, SC, October 22-, 2010; Center City law offices of Blank Rome LLP; Rosen Hillel, Temple University, 2012 (25 works only.]PINE BLUFF (AR). Southeast Arkansas Arts and Science Center. Selections from the John M. Howard Memorial Collection of African-American Art. 1991. Exhib. cat., checklist. Text by Garland F. Jenkens. includes unknown Africobra [as AfraCobra] artist, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Bernard W. Brooks III, Vivian Browne, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Arthur Coppedge, Tarrance Corbin, Eldzier Cortor, J. Brooks Dendy III, Palmer Hayden, Leon N. Hicks, Manuel Hughes [as Manual], Rosalind Jeffries, Jacob Lawrence, Samella Lewis, Juan Logan, John Nichols, James D. Parks, Vincent Smith, Nelson Stevens, John Wilson, Henry Wolf, Rip Woods.PLOSKI, HARRY A., ed. The Negro Almanac: A Reference Work on the Afro-American. New York: A Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1983. 1550 pp. Includes essay on The Black Artist. Gylbert Coker cited as art consultant. Many misspellings. Artists mentioned include: Scipio Moorhead, James Porter, Eugene Warburg, Robert Duncanson, William H. Simpson, Edward M. Bannister, Joshua Johnston, Robert Douglass, David Bowser, Edmonia Lewis, Henry O. Tanner, William Harper, Dorothy Fannin, Meta Fuller, Archibald Motley, Palmer Hayden. Malvin Gray Johnson, Laura Waring, William E. Scott, Hughie Lee-Smith, Zell Ingram, Charles Sallee, Elmer Brown, William E. Smith, George Hulsinger, James Herring, Aaron Douglas, Augusta Savage, Charles Alston, Hale Woodruff, Charles White, Richmond Barthé, Malvin Gray Johnson, Henry Bannarn, Florence Purviance, Dox Thrash, Robert Blackburn, James Denmark, Dindga McCannon, Frank Wimberly, Ann Tanksley, Don Robertson, Lloyd Toones, Lois Jones, Jo Butler, Robert Threadgill, Faith Ringgold, Romare Bearden, Ernest Crichlow, Norman Lewis, Jimmy Mosley, Samella Lewis, F. L. Spellmon, Phillip Hampton, Venola Seals Jennings, Juanita Moulon, Eugene Jesse Brown, Hayward Oubré, Ademola Olugebefola, Otto Neals, Kay Brown, Jean Taylor, Genesis II, David Hammons, Senga Nengudi, Randy Williams, Howardena Pindell, Edward Spriggs, Beauford Delaney, James Vanderzee, Melvin Edwards, Vincent Smith, Alonzo Davis, Dale Davis, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Gordon Parks, Rex Goreleigh, William McBride, Jr., Eldzier Cortor, James Gittens, Joan Maynard. Kynaston McShine, Coker, Cheryl McClenney, Faith Weaver, Randy Williams, Florence Hardney, Dolores Wright, Cathy Chance, Lowery Sims, Richard Hunt, Roland Ayers, Frank Bowling, Marvin Brown, Walter Cade, Catti, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Manuel Hughes, Barkley Hendricks, Juan Logan, Alvin Loving, Tom Lloyd, Lloyd McNeill, Algernon Miller, Norma Morgan, Mavis Pusey, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Thomas Sills, Thelma Johnson Streat, Alma Thomas, John Torres, Todd Williams, Mahler Ryder, Minnie Evans, Jacob Lawrence, Haywood Rivers, Edward Clark, Camille Billops, Joe Overstreet, Louise Parks, Herbert Gentry, William Edmondson, James Parks, Marion Perkins, Bernard Goss, Reginald Gammon, Emma Amos, Charles Alston, Richard Mayhew, Al Hollingsworth, Calvin Douglass, Merton Simpson, Earl Miller, Felrath Hines, Perry Ferguson, William Majors, James Yeargans. Ruth Waddy; Evangeline Montgomery, Jeff Donaldson, Wadsworth Jarrell, Gerald Williams, Carolyn Lawrence, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Frank Smith, Howard Mallory, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Nelson Stevens, Vivian Browne, Kay Brown, William Harper, Isaac Hathaway, Julien Hudson, May Howard Jackson, Edmonia Lewis, Patrick Reason, William Simpson, A. B. Wilson, William Braxton, Allan Crite, Alice Gafford, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, William Artis, John Biggers, William Carter, Joseph Delaney, Elton Fax, Frederick Flemister, Ronald Joseph, Horace Pippin, Charles Sebree, Bill Traylor, Ellis Wilson, John Wilson, Starmanda Bullock, Dana Chandler, Raven Chanticleer, Roy DeCarava, John Dowell, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, Daniel Johnson, Geraldine McCullough, Earl Miller, Clarence Morgan, Norma Morgan, Skunder Boghossian, Bob Thompson, Clifton Webb, Jack Whitten. 4to, cloth. 4th ed.POWELL, RICHARD J. Black Art and Culture in the 20th Century. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1997. 256 pp., 176 illus. (including 31 in color), biog. notes, list of illus., bibliog. 8vo, cloth, d.j. First ed.POWELL, RICHARD J. Black Art: A Cultural History. London: Thames & Hudson, 2002. 272 pp., 192 illus. including 39 in color, biog. notes, list of illus., index. Revised and slightly enlarged from 1997 edition. 8vo, wraps. Second Revised ed.PRINCETON (NJ). Bristol-Meyers Squibb Gallery. Forward View. March-April, 1987. 16 pp. exhib. cat., illus. Group exhibition. Included: Emma Amos, Camille Billops, Vivian E. Browne, James Andrew Brown, Reginald Fludd, Alvin Loving.RIGGS, THOMAS, ed. St. James Guide to Black Artists. Detroit: St. James Press, 1997. xxiv, 625 pp., illus. A highly selective reference work listing only approximately 400 artists of African descent worldwide (including around 300 African American artists, approximately 20% women artists.) Illus. of work or photos of many artists, brief descriptive texts by well-known scholars, with selected list of exhibitions for each, plus many artists' statements. A noticeable absence of many artists under 45, most photographers, and many women artists. Far fewer artists listed here than in Igoe, Cederholm, or other sources. Stout 4to (29 cm.), laminated yellow papered boards. First ed.SAN JOSE (CA). San Jose Museum of Art. Art, Women, California 1950-2000. 2002. 386 pp., b&w and color illus., notes. Texts by Diana Burgess Fuller, Daniela Salvioni, Adrienne Rich, Angela Davis, Whitney Chadwick, Phyllis J. Jackson, Amalia Mesa-Bains, Jennifer Gonzales, Nancy Buchanan, et al. Includes: Thelma Streat. Also mention of Camille BIllops, Robert Colescott, Vera Jackson, Sargent Johnson, Lester Nathan Mathews, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, John Outterbridge, Betye Saar, Ruth Washington, Carrie Mae Weems, Pat Ward Williams, et al.SHOHAT, ELLA. Unthinking Eurocentrism: Multiculturalism and the Media. New York: Routledge, 1994. 404 pp., index. Primarily focused on feature-length commercial cinema in international distribution. Includes: Camille Billops, Ayoka Chenzira, Julie Dash, Zeinabu Irene Davis, Isaac Julien, Ngozi Onwurah, Ousmane Sembene. 8vo (9.1 x 6.1 in.), wraps.SIRMANS, MEREDITH. Collecting the Work of Black Artists. 1985. In: Black American Literature Forum 19, No. 1, Contemporary Black Visual Artists Issue. (Spring 1985):40-41.SMITH, JESSIE CARNEY, ed. Notable Black American Women Books I and II. Detroit: Gale Research, 1992; 1995. Book I: 1333 pp.; Book II: 775 pp., illus., indices. Artists who receive individual biographies in Book I: Phoebe Beasley, Camille Billops, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Charlotte White Franklin, Meta Warrick Fuller, Clementine Hunter, May Howard Jackson, Lois Mailou Jones, Elizabeth Keckly, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Lewis, Effie Lee Newsome, Elizabeth Prophet, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Alma Thomas, Laura Wheeler Waring. Many other artists mentioned in passing. Book II includes: Minnie Evans, Louise E. Jefferson, and Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe. Stout 4to (11.4 x 8.7 in.), cloth.SOUTH HADLEY (MA). John and Nashe Warbe Gallery, Mount Holyoke College. A New Vitality in Art: The Black Woman. April 6-20, 1972. 50 pp. checklist of work by 19 artists, no illustrations. Intro. texts by Gail Garrison and Patricia Long. Group exhibition including women artists Ellen Banks, Camille Billops, Peggy Blood, Shirley Bolton, Margaret T. Brown, Vivian Browne, Lois Maillou Jones, Valerie Maynard, Geraldine McCullough, Julia Miller, Howardena Pindall, Stephanie Pogue, Anita Riley, Jewel Simon, Ann Tanksley, Evelyn Terry, Shirley Woodson, Barbara Zuber. Inserted supplement includes Jenelsie Holloway, Fern Stanford.SPRADLING, MARY MACE. In Black and White: Afro-Americans in Print. Kalamazoo: Kalamazoo Public Library, 1980. 2 vols. 1089 pp. Includes: John H. Adams, Ron Adams, Alonzo Aden, Muhammad Ali, Baba Alabi Alinya, Charles Alston, Charlotte Amevor, Benny Andrews, Ralph Arnold, William Artis, Ellsworth Ausby, Jacqueline Ayer, Calvin Bailey, Jene Ballentine, Casper Banjo, Henry Bannarn, Edward Bannister, Dutreuil Barjon, Ernie Barnes, Carolyn Plaskett Barrow, Richmond Barthé, Beatrice Bassette, Ad Bates, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Roberta Bell, Cleveland Bellow, Ed Bereal, Arthur Berry, DeVoice Berry, Cynthia Bethune, Charles Bible, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Irving Blaney, Bessie Blount, Gloria Bohanon, Leslie Bolling, Shirley Bolton, Charles Bonner, Michael Borders, John Borican, Earl Bostic, Augustus Bowen, David Bowser, David Bradford, Edward Brandford, Brumsic Brandon, William Braxton, Arthur Britt Sr., Benjamin Britt, Sylvester Britton, Elmer Brown, Fred Brown, Kay Brown, Margery Brown, Richard L. Brown, Samuel Brown, Vivian E. Browne, Henry Brownlee, Linda Bryant, Starmanda Bullock, Juana Burke, Selma Burke, Eugene Burkes, Viola Burley, Calvin Burnett, John Burr, Margaret Burroughs, Nathaniel Bustion, Sheryle Butler, Elmer Simms Campbell, Thomas Cannon, Nick Canyon, Edward Carr, Art Carraway, Ted Carroll, Joseph S. Carter, William Carter, Catti, George Washington Carver, Yvonne Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Mitchell Caton, Dana Chandler, Kitty Chavis, George Clack, Claude Clark, Ed Clark, J. Henrik Clarke, Leroy Clarke, Ladybird Cleveland, Floyd Coleman, Donald Coles, Margaret Collins, Paul Collins, Sam Collins, Dan Concholar, Arthur Coppedge, Wallace X. Conway, Leonard Cooper, William A. Cooper, Art Coppedge, Eldzier Cortor, Samuel Countee, Harold Cousins, William Craft, Cleo Crawford, Marva Cremer, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Crite, Jerrolyn Crooks, Harvey Cropper, Doris Crudup, Robert Crump, Dewey Crumpler, Frank E. Cummings, William Curtis, Mary Reed Daniel, Alonzo Davis, Charles Davis, Willis "Bing" Davis, Dale Davis, Charles C. Dawson, Juette Day, Thomas Day, Roy DeCarava, Paul DeCroom, Avel DeKnight, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Richard Dempsey, Murry DePillars, Robert D'Hue, Kenneth Dickerson, Leo Dillon, Raymond Dobard, Vernon Dobard, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Emory Douglas, Robert Douglass, Glanton Dowdell, David Driskell, Yolande Du Bois, Robert Duncanson, Eugenia Dunn, John Dunn, Adolphus Ealey, Eugene Eda, Melvin Edwards, Gaye Elliington, Annette Ensley, Marion Epting, Minnie Evans, Frederick Eversley, James Fairfax, Kenneth Falana, Allen Fannin, John Farrar, William Farrow, Elton Fax, Muriel Feelings, Tom Feelings, Frederick Flemister, Mikelle Fletcher, Curt Flood, Thomas Floyd, Doyle Foreman, Mozelle Forte (costume and fabric designer), Amos Fortune, Mrs. C.R. Foster, Inez Fourcard (as Fourchard), John Francis, Miriam Francis, Allan Freelon, Meta Warrick Fuller, Stephany Fuller, Gale Fulton-Ross, Ibibio Fundi, Alice Gafford, Otis Galbreath, West Gale, Reginald Gammon, Jim Gary, Herbert Gentry, Joseph Geran, Jimmy Gibbez, Sam Gilliam, Robert Glover, Manuel Gomez, Russell Gordon, Rex Goreleigh, Bernard Goss, Samuel Green, William Green, Donald Greene, Joseph Grey, Ron Griffin, Eugene Grigsby, Henry Gudgell, Charles Haines, Clifford Hall, Horathel Hall, Wesley Hall, David Hammons, James Hampton, Phillip Hampton, Lorraine Hansberry, Marvin Harden, Arthur Hardie, Inge Hardison, John Hardrick, Edwin Harleston, William A. Harper, Gilbert Harris, John Harris, Maren Hassinger, Isaac Hathaway, Frank Hayden, Kitty Hayden, Palmer Hayden, Vertis Hayes, Wilbur Haynie, Dion Henderson, Ernest Herbert, Leon Hicks, Hector Hill, Tony Hill, Geoffrey Holder, Al Hollingsworth, Varnette Honeywood, Earl Hooks, Humbert Howard, James Howard, Raymond Howell, Julien Hudson, Manuel Hughes, Margo Humphrey, Thomas Hunster, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Norman Hunter, Orville Hurt, Bill Hutson, Nell Ingram, Tanya Izanhour, Ambrose Jackson, Earl Jackson, May Jackson, Nigel Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Walter Jackson, Louise Jefferson, Ted Joans, Daniel Johnson, Lester L. Johnson, Jr., Malvin Gray Johnson, Marie Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Barbara Jones, Ben Jones, Calvin Jones, Frederick D. Jones Jr., James Arlington Jones, Lawrence Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Eddie Jack Jordan, Ronald Joseph, Lemuel Joyner, Paul Keene, Elyse J. Kennart, Joseph Kersey, Gwendolyn Knight, Lawrence Compton Kolawole, Oliver LaGrone, Artis Lane, Doyle Lane, Raymond Lark, Lewis H. Latimer, Jacob Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Bertina Lee, Joanna Lee, Peter Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Leon Leonard, Curtis Lewis, Edmonia Lewis, James Edward Lewis, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Charles Lilly, Henri Linton, Jules Lion, Romeyn Lippman, Tom Lloyd, Jon Lockard, Juan Logan, Willie Longshore, Ed Loper, Ed Love, Al Loving, Geraldine McCullough, Lawrence McGaugh, Charles McGee, Donald McIlvaine, James McMillan, William McNeil, Lloyd McNeill, David Mann, William Marshall, Helen Mason, Philip Mason, Winifred Mason, Calvin Massey, Lester (Nathan) Mathews, William Maxwell, Richard Mayhew, Valerie Maynard, Yvonne Meo, Sam Middleton, Onnie Millar, Aaron Miller, Eva Miller, Lev Mills, P'lla Mills, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Arthur Monroe, Frank Moore, Ron Moore, Scipio Moorhead, Norma Morgan, Ken Morris, Calvin Morrison, Jimmie Mosely, Leo Moss, Lottie Moss, Archibald Motley, Hugh Mulzac, Frank Neal, George Neal, Otto Neals, Shirley Nero, Effie Newsome, Nommo, George Norman, Georg Olden, Ademola Olugebefola, Conora O'Neal (fashion designer), Cora O'Neal, Lula O'Neal, Pearl O'Neal, Ron O'Neal, Hayward Oubré, John Outterbridge, Carl Owens, Lorenzo Pace, Alvin Paige, Robert Paige, William Pajaud, Denise Palm, Norman Parish, Jules Parker, James Parks, Edgar Patience, Angela Perkins, Marion Perkins, Michael Perry, Jacqueline Peters, Douglas Phillips, Harper Phillips, Delilah Pierce, Howardena Pindell, Horace Pippin, Julie Ponceau, James Porter, Leslie Price, Ramon Price, Nelson Primus, Nancy Prophet, Noah Purifoy, Teodoro Ramos Blanco y Penita, Otis Rathel, Patrick Reason, William Reid, John Rhoden, Barbara Chase-Riboud, William Richmond, Percy Ricks, Gary Rickson, John Riddle, Gregory Ridley, Faith Ringgold, Malkia Roberts, Brenda Rogers, Charles Rogers, George Rogers, Arthur Rose, Nancy Rowland, Winfred Russell, Mahler Ryder, Betye Saar, Charles Sallee, Marion Sampler, John Sanders, Walter Sanford, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Thomas Sills, Carroll Simms, Jewel Simon, Walter Simon, Merton Simpson, William H. Simpson, Louis Slaughter, Gwen Small, Albert A. Smith, Alvin Smith, Hughie Lee-Smith, John Henry Smith, Jacob Lawrence, John Steptoe, Nelson Stevens, Edward Stidum, Elmer C. Stoner, Lou Stovall, Henry O. Tanner, Ralph Tate, Betty Blayton Taylor, Della Taylor, Bernita Temple, Herbert Temple, Alma Thomas, Elaine Thomas, Larry Thomas, Carolyn Thompson, Lovett Thompson, Mildred Thompson, Mozelle Thompson, Robert (Bob) Thompson, Dox Thrash, Neptune Thurston, John Torres, Nat Turner, Leo Twiggs, Bernard Upshur, Royce Vaughn, Ruth Waddy, Anthony Walker, Earl Walker, Larry Walker, William Walker, Daniel Warburg, Eugene Warburg, Carole Ward, Laura Waring, Mary P. Washington, James Watkins, Lawrence Watson, Edward Webster, Allen A. Weeks, Robert Weil, James Wells, Pheoris West, Sarah West, John Weston, Delores Wharton, Amos White, Charles White, Garrett Whyte, Alfredus Williams, Chester Williams, Douglas R. Williams, Laura Williams, Matthew Williams, Morris Williams, Peter Williams, Rosetta Williams (as Rosita), Walter Williams, William T. Williams, Ed Wilson, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, John Wilson, Stanley Wilson, Vincent Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Bernard Wright, Charles Young, Kenneth Young, Milton Young. [Note the 3rd edition consists of two volumes published by Gale Research in 1980, with a third supplemental volume issued in 1985.] Large stout 4tos, red cloth. 3rd revised expanded edition.STONY BROOK (NY). Staller Center for the Arts, SUNY-Stony Brook. City Views. September 9-October21, 1992. Group exhibition of ten artists. Included Camille Billops and Orville Robertson.TAHA, HALIMA. Collecting African American Art: Works on Paper and Canvas. New York: Crown, 1998. xvi, 270 pp., approx. 150 color plates, brief bibliog., index, appendices of art and photo dealers, museums and other resources. Intro. by Ntozake Shange. Forewords by Dierdre Bibby and Samella Lewis. Text consists of a few sentences at best on most of the hundreds of listed artists. Numerous typos and other errors and misinformation throughout. 4to (29 cm.), laminated papered boards, d.j.TALLAHASSEE (FL). FAMU Art Gallery, Florida A&M State University. Impact 79: Afro-American Women Artists. April 2-20, 1979. Unpag. (16 pp.) exhib. cat., photos of artists, biogs., some statements. Text by Regenia Perry. Artists included: Camille Billops, Vivian E. Browne [as Brown], Doris Colbert, Oletha DeVane, Wilhelmina Godfrey, Lana Henderson, Adrienne Hoard, Martha Jackson, Winnie Owens, Betye Saar, Elizabeth Scott, Joyce Scott, Jewel Simon, Yvonne Tucker. 8vo (16 x 24 cm.), wraps.THOMISON, DENNIS. The Black Artist in America: An Index to Reproductions. Metuchen: Scarecrow Press, 1991. Includes: index to Black artists, bibliography (including doctoral dissertations and audiovisual materials.) Many of the dozens of spelling errors and incomplete names have been corrected in this entry and names of known white artists omitted from our entry, but errors may still exist in this entry, so beware: Jesse Aaron, Charles Abramson, Maria Adair, Lauren Adam, Ovid P. Adams, Ron Adams, Terry Adkins, (Jonathan) Ta Coumba T. Aiken, Jacques Akins, Lawrence E. Alexander, Tina Allen, Pauline Alley-Barnes, Charles Alston, Frank Alston, Charlotte Amevor, Emma Amos (Levine), Allie Anderson, Benny Andrews, Edmund Minor Archer, Pastor Argudin y Pedroso [as Y. Pedroso Argudin], Anna Arnold, Ralph Arnold, William Artis, Kwasi Seitu Asante [as Kwai Seitu Asantey], Steve Ashby, Rose Auld, Ellsworth Ausby, Henry Avery, Charles Axt, Roland Ayers, Annabelle Bacot, Calvin Bailey, Herman Kofi Bailey, Malcolm Bailey, Annabelle Baker, E. Loretta Ballard, Jene Ballentine, Casper Banjo, Bill Banks, Ellen Banks, John W. Banks, Henry Bannarn, Edward Bannister, Curtis R. Barnes, Ernie Barnes, James MacDonald Barnsley, Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Daniel Carter Beard, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Falcon Beazer, Arthello Beck, Sherman Beck, Cleveland Bellow, Gwendolyn Bennett, Herbert Bennett, Ed Bereal, Arthur Berry, Devoice Berry, Ben Bey, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Eloise Bishop, Robert Blackburn, Tarleton Blackwell, Lamont K. Bland, Betty Blayton, Gloria Bohanon, Hawkins Bolden, Leslie Bolling, Shirley Bolton, Higgins Bond, Erma Booker, Michael Borders, Ronald Boutte, Siras Bowens, Lynn Bowers, Frank Bowling, David Bustill Bowser, David Patterson Boyd, David Bradford, Harold Bradford, Peter Bradley, Fred Bragg, Winston Branch, Brumsic Brandon, James Brantley, William Braxton, Bruce Brice, Arthur Britt, James Britton, Sylvester Britton, Moe Brooker, Bernard Brooks, Mable Brooks, Oraston Brooks-el, David Scott Brown, Elmer Brown, Fred Brown, Frederick Brown, Grafton Brown, James Andrew Brown, Joshua Brown, Kay Brown, Marvin Brown, Richard Brown, Samuel Brown, Vivian Browne, Henry Brownlee, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Arlene Burke-Morgan, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Cecil Burton, Charles Burwell, Nathaniel Bustion, David Butler, Carole Byard, Albert Byrd, Walter Cade, Joyce Cadoo, Bernard Cameron, Simms Campbell, Frederick Campbell, Thomas Cannon (as Canon), Nicholas Canyon, John Carlis, Arthur Carraway, Albert Carter, Allen Carter, George Carter, Grant Carter, Ivy Carter, Keithen Carter, Robert Carter, William Carter, Yvonne Carter, George Washington Carver, Bernard Casey, Yvonne Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Frances Catlett, Mitchell Caton, Catti, Charlotte Chambless, Dana Chandler, John Chandler, Robin Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Kitty Chavis, Edward Christmas, Petra Cintron, George Clack, Claude Clark Sr., Claude Lockhart Clark, Edward Clark, Irene Clark, LeRoy Clarke, Pauline Clay, Denise Cobb, Gylbert Coker, Marion Elizabeth Cole, Archie Coleman, Floyd Coleman, Donald Coles, Robert Colescott, Carolyn Collins, Paul Collins, Richard Collins, Samuel Collins, Don Concholar, Wallace Conway, Houston Conwill, William A. Cooper, Arthur Coppedge, Jean Cornwell, Eldzier Cortor, Samuel Countee, Harold Cousins, Cleo Crawford, Marva Cremer, Ernest Crichlow, Norma Criss, Allan Rohan Crite, Harvey Cropper, Geraldine Crossland, Rushie Croxton, Doris Crudup, Dewey Crumpler, Emilio Cruz, Charles Cullen (White artist), Vince Cullers, Michael Cummings, Urania Cummings, DeVon Cunningham, Samuel Curtis, William Curtis, Artis Dameron, Mary Reed Daniel, Aaron Darling, Alonzo Davis, Bing Davis, Charles Davis, Dale Davis, Rachel Davis, Theresa Davis, Ulysses Davis, Walter Lewis Davis, Charles C. Davis, William Dawson, Juette Day, Roy DeCarava, Avel DeKnight, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Nadine Delawrence, Louis Delsarte, Richard Dempsey, J. Brooks Dendy, III (as Brooks Dendy), James Denmark, Murry DePillars, Joseph DeVillis, Robert D'Hue, Kenneth Dickerson, Voris Dickerson, Charles Dickson, Frank Dillon, Leo Dillon, Robert Dilworth, James Donaldson, Jeff Donaldson, Lillian Dorsey, William Dorsey, Aaron Douglas, Emory Douglas, Calvin Douglass, Glanton Dowdell, John Dowell, Sam Doyle, David Driskell, Ulric S. Dunbar, Robert Duncanson, Eugenia Dunn, John Morris Dunn, Edward Dwight, Adolphus Ealey, Lawrence Edelin, William Edmondson, Anthony Edwards, Melvin Edwards, Eugene Eda [as Edy], John Elder, Maurice Ellison, Walter Ellison, Mae Engron, Annette Easley, Marion Epting, Melvyn Ettrick (as Melvin), Clifford Eubanks, Minnie Evans, Darrell Evers, Frederick Eversley, Cyril Fabio, James Fairfax, Kenneth Falana, Josephus Farmer, John Farrar, William Farrow, Malaika Favorite, Elton Fax, Tom Feelings, Claude Ferguson, Violet Fields, Lawrence Fisher, Thomas Flanagan, Walter Flax, Frederick Flemister, Mikelle Fletcher, Curt Flood, Batunde Folayemi, George Ford, Doyle Foreman, Leroy Foster, Walker Foster, John Francis, Richard Franklin, Ernest Frazier, Allan Freelon, Gloria Freeman, Pam Friday, John Fudge, Meta Fuller, Ibibio Fundi, Ramon Gabriel, Alice Gafford, West Gale, George Gamble, Reginald Gammon, Christine Gant, Jim Gary, Adolphus Garrett, Leroy Gaskin, Lamerol A. Gatewood, Herbert Gentry, Joseph Geran, Ezekiel Gibbs, William Giles, Sam Gilliam, Robert Glover, William Golding, Paul Goodnight, Erma Gordon, L. T. Gordon, Robert Gordon, Russell Gordon, Rex Goreleigh, Bernard Goss, Joe Grant, Oscar Graves, Todd Gray, Annabelle Green, James Green, Jonathan Green, Robert Green, Donald Greene, Michael Greene, Joseph Grey, Charles Ron Griffin, Eugene Grigsby, Raymond Grist, Michael Gude, Ethel Guest, John Hailstalk, Charles Haines, Horathel Hall, Karl Hall, Wesley Hall, Edward Hamilton, Eva Hamlin-Miller, David Hammons, James Hampton, Phillip Hampton, Marvin Harden, Inge Hardison, John Hardrick, Edwin Harleston, William Harper, Hugh Harrell, Oliver Harrington, Gilbert Harris, Hollon Harris, John Harris, Scotland J. B. Harris, Warren Harris, Bessie Harvey, Maren Hassinger, Cynthia Hawkins (as Thelma), William Hawkins, Frank Hayden, Kitty Hayden, Palmer Hayden, William Hayden, Vertis Hayes, Anthony Haynes, Wilbur Haynie, Benjamin Hazard, June Hector, Dion Henderson, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, William Henderson, Barkley Hendricks, Gregory A. Henry, Robert Henry, Ernest Herbert, James Herring, Mark Hewitt, Leon Hicks, Renalda Higgins, Hector Hill, Felrath Hines, Alfred Hinton, Tim Hinton, Adrienne Hoard, Irwin Hoffman, Raymond Holbert, Geoffrey Holder, Robin Holder, Lonnie Holley, Alvin Hollingsworth, Eddie Holmes, Varnette Honeywood, Earl J. Hooks, Ray Horner, Paul Houzell, Helena Howard, Humbert Howard, John Howard, Mildred Howard, Raymond Howell, William Howell, Calvin Hubbard, Henry Hudson, Julien Hudson, James Huff, Manuel Hughes, Margo Humphrey, Raymond Hunt, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Elliott Hunter, Arnold Hurley, Bill Hutson, Zell Ingram, Sue Irons, A. B. Jackson, Gerald Jackson, Harlan Jackson, Hiram Jackson, May Jackson, Oliver Jackson, Robert Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Walter Jackson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Bob James, Wadsworth Jarrell, Jasmin Joseph [as Joseph Jasmin], Archie Jefferson, Rosalind Jeffries, Noah Jemison, Barbara Fudge Jenkins, Florian Jenkins, Chester Jennings, Venola Jennings, Wilmer Jennings, Georgia Jessup, Johana, Daniel Johnson, Edith Johnson, Harvey Johnson, Herbert Johnson, Jeanne Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Milton Derr (as Milton Johnson), Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Ben Jones, Calvin Jones, Dorcas Jones, Frank A. Jones, Frederick D. Jones, Jr. (as Frederic Jones), Henry B. Jones, Johnny Jones, Lawrence Arthur Jones, Leon Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Nathan Jones, Tonnie Jones, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Jack Jordan, Cliff Joseph, Ronald Joseph, Lemuel Joyner, Edward Judie, Michael Kabu, Arthur Kaufman, Charles Keck, Paul Keene, John Kendrick, Harriet Kennedy, Leon Kennedy, Joseph Kersey; Virginia Kiah, Henri King, James King, Gwendolyn Knight, Robert Knight, Lawrence Kolawole, Brenda Lacy, (Laura) Jean Lacy, Roy LaGrone, Artis Lane, Doyle Lane, Raymond Lark, Carolyn Lawrence, Jacob Lawrence, James Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Louis LeBlanc, James Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Lizetta LeFalle-Collins, Leon Leonard, Bruce LeVert, Edmonia Lewis, Edwin E. Lewis, Flora Lewis, James E. Lewis, Norman Lewis, Roy Lewis, Samella Lewis, Elba Lightfoot, Charles Lilly [as Lily], Arturo Lindsay, Henry Linton, Jules Lion, James Little, Marcia Lloyd, Tom Lloyd, Jon Lockard, Donald Locke, Lionel Lofton, Juan Logan, Bert Long, Willie Longshore, Edward Loper, Francisco Lord, Jesse Lott, Edward Love, Nina Lovelace, Whitfield Lovell, Alvin Loving, Ramon Loy, William Luckett, John Lutz, Don McAllister, Theadius McCall, Dindga McCannon, Edward McCluney, Jesse McCowan, Sam McCrary, Geraldine McCullough, Lawrence McGaugh, Charles McGee, Donald McIlvaine, Karl McIntosh, Joseph Mack, Edward McKay, Thomas McKinney, Alexander McMath, Robert McMillon, William McNeil, Lloyd McNeill, Clarence Major, William Majors, David Mann, Ulysses Marshall, Phillip Lindsay Mason, Lester Mathews, Sharon Matthews, William (Bill) Maxwell, Gordon Mayes, Marietta Mayes, Richard Mayhew, Valerie Maynard, Victoria Meek, Leon Meeks, Yvonne Meo, Helga Meyer, Gaston Micheaux, Charles Mickens, Samuel Middleton, Onnie Millar, Aaron Miller, Algernon Miller, Don Miller, Earl Miller, Eva Hamlin Miller, Guy Miller, Julia Miller, Charles Milles, Armsted Mills, Edward Mills, Lev Mills, Priscilla Mills (P'lla), Carol Mitchell, Corinne Mitchell, Tyrone Mitchell, Arthur Monroe, Elizabeth Montgomery, Ronald Moody, Ted Moody, Frank Moore, Ron Moore, Sabra Moore, Theophilus Moore, William Moore, Leedell Moorehead, Scipio Moorhead, Clarence Morgan, Norma Morgan, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Patricia Morris, Keith Morrison, Lee Jack Morton, Jimmie Mosely, David Mosley, Lottie Moss, Archibald Motley, Hugh Mulzac, Betty Murchison, J. B. Murry, Teixera Nash, Inez Nathaniel, Frank Neal, George Neal, Jerome Neal, Robert Neal, Otto Neals, Robert Newsome, James Newton, Rochelle Nicholas, John Nichols, Isaac Nommo, Oliver Nowlin, Trudell Obey, Constance Okwumabua, Osira Olatunde, Kermit Oliver, Yaounde Olu, Ademola Olugebefola, Mary O'Neal, Haywood Oubré, Simon Outlaw, John Outterbridge, Joseph Overstreet, Carl Owens, Winnie Owens-Hart, Lorenzo Pace, William Pajaud, Denise Palm, James Pappas, Christopher Parks, James Parks, Louise Parks, Vera Parks, Oliver Parson, James Pate, Edgar Patience, John Payne, Leslie Payne, Sandra Peck, Alberto Pena, Angela Perkins, Marion Perkins, Michael Perry, Bertrand Phillips, Charles James Phillips, Harper Phillips, Ted Phillips, Delilah Pierce, Elijah Pierce, Harold Pierce, Anderson Pigatt, Stanley Pinckney, Howardena Pindell, Elliott Pinkney, Jerry Pinkney, Robert Pious, Adrian Piper, Horace Pippin, Betty Pitts, Stephanie Pogue, Naomi Polk, Charles Porter, James Porter, Georgette Powell, Judson Powell, Richard Powell, Daniel Pressley, Leslie Price, Ramon Price, Nelson Primus, Arnold Prince, E. (Evelyn?) Proctor, Nancy Prophet, Ronnie Prosser, William Pryor, Noah Purifoy, Florence Purviance, Martin Puryear, Mavis Pusey, Teodoro Ramos Blanco y Penita, Helen Ramsaran, Joseph Randolph; Thomas Range, Frank Rawlings, Jennifer Ray, Maxine Raysor, Patrick Reason, Roscoe Reddix, Junius Redwood, James Reed, Jerry Reed, Donald Reid, O. Richard Reid, Robert Reid, Leon Renfro, John Rhoden, Ben Richardson, Earle Richardson, Enid Richardson, Gary Rickson, John Riddle, Gregory Ridley, Faith Ringgold, Haywood Rivers, Arthur Roach, Malkia Roberts, Royal Robertson, Aminah Robinson, Charles Robinson, John N. Robinson, Peter L. Robinson, Brenda Rogers, Charles Rogers, Herbert Rogers, Juanita Rogers, Sultan Rogers, Bernard Rollins, Henry Rollins, Arthur Rose, Charles Ross, James Ross, Nellie Mae Rowe, Sandra Rowe, Nancy Rowland, Winfred Russsell, Mahler Ryder, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Charles Sallee, JoeSam., Marion Sampler, Bert Samples, Juan Sanchez, Eve Sandler, Walter Sanford, Floyd Sapp, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, Ann Sawyer, Sydney Schenck, Vivian Schuyler Key, John Scott (Johnny) , John Tarrell Scott, Joyce Scott, William Scott, Charles Searles, Charles Sebree, Bernard Sepyo, Bennie Settles, Franklin Shands, Frank Sharpe, Christopher Shelton, Milton Sherrill, Thomas Sills, Gloria Simmons, Carroll Simms, Jewell Simon, Walter Simon, Coreen Simpson, Ken Simpson, Merton Simpson, William Simpson, Michael Singletary (as Singletry), Nathaniel Sirles, Margaret Slade (Kelley), Van Slater, Louis Sloan, Albert A. Smith, Alfred J. Smith, Alvin Smith, Arenzo Smith, Damballah Dolphus Smith, Floyd Smith, Frank Smith, George Smith, Howard Smith, John Henry Smith, Marvin Smith, Mary T. Smith, Sue Jane Smith, Vincent Smith, William Smith, Zenobia Smith, Rufus Snoddy, Sylvia Snowden, Carroll Sockwell, Ben Solowey, Edgar Sorrells, Georgia Speller, Henry Speller, Shirley Stark, David Stephens, Lewis Stephens, Walter Stephens, Erik Stephenson, Nelson Stevens, Mary Stewart, Renée Stout, Edith Strange, Thelma Streat, Richard Stroud, Dennis Stroy, Charles Suggs, Sharon Sulton, Johnnie Swearingen, Earle Sweeting, Roderick Sykes, Clarence Talley, Ann Tanksley, Henry O. Tanner, James Tanner, Ralph Tate, Carlton Taylor, Cecil Taylor, Janet Taylor Pickett, Lawrence Taylor, William (Bill) Taylor, Herbert Temple, Emerson Terry, Evelyn Terry, Freida Tesfagiorgis, Alma Thomas, Charles Thomas, James "Son Ford" Thomas, Larry Erskine Thomas, Matthew Thomas, Roy Thomas, William Thomas (a.k.a. Juba Solo), Conrad Thompson, Lovett Thompson, Mildred Thompson, Phyllis Thompson, Bob Thompson, Russ Thompson, Dox Thrash, Mose Tolliver, William Tolliver, Lloyd Toone, John Torres, Elaine Towns, Bill Traylor, Charles Tucker, Clive Tucker, Yvonne Edwards Tucker, Charlene Tull, Donald Turner, Leo Twiggs, Alfred Tyler, Anna Tyler, Barbara Tyson Mosley, Bernard Upshur, Jon Urquhart, Florestee Vance, Ernest Varner, Royce Vaughn, George Victory, Harry Vital, Ruth Waddy, Annie Walker, Charles Walker, Clinton Walker, Earl Walker, Lawrence Walker, Raymond Walker [a.k.a. Bo Walker], William Walker, Bobby Walls, Daniel Warburg, Eugene Warburg, Denise Ward-Brown, Evelyn Ware, Laura Waring, Masood Ali Warren, Horace Washington, James Washington, Mary Washington, Timothy Washington, Richard Waters, James Watkins, Curtis Watson, Howard Watson, Willard Watson, Richard Waytt, Claude Weaver, Stephanie Weaver, Clifton Webb, Derek Webster, Edward Webster, Albert Wells, James Wells, Roland Welton, Barbara Wesson, Pheoris West, Lamonte Westmoreland, Charles White, Cynthia White, Franklin White, George White, J. Philip White, Jack White (sculptor), Jack White (painter), John Whitmore, Jack Whitten, Garrett Whyte, Benjamin Wigfall, Bertie Wiggs, Deborah Wilkins, Timothy Wilkins, Billy Dee Williams, Chester Williams, Douglas Williams, Frank Williams, George Williams, Gerald Williams, Jerome Williams, Jose Williams, Laura Williams, Matthew Williams, Michael K. Williams, Pat Ward Williams, Randy Williams, Roy Lee Williams, Todd Williams, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, Yvonne Williams, Philemona Williamson, Stan Williamson, Luster Willis, A. B. Wilson, Edward Wilson, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, George Wilson, Henry Wilson, John Wilson, Stanley C. Wilson, Linda Windle, Eugene Winslow, Vernon Winslow, Cedric Winters, Viola Wood, Hale Woodruff, Roosevelt Woods, Shirley Woodson, Beulah Woodard, Bernard Wright, Dmitri Wright, Estella Viola Wright, George Wright, Richard Wyatt, Frank Wyley, Richard Yarde, James Yeargans, Joseph Yoakum, Bernard Young, Charles Young, Clarence Young, Kenneth Young, Milton Young.VANDERZEE, JAMES, OWEN DODSON and CAMILLE BILLOPS. The Harlem Book of the Dead. Dobbs Ferry: Morgan and Morgan, 1978. 85 pp. Foreword by Toni Morrison. A combination of poetry by Owen Dodson. photography by James Vanderzee and text by Camille Billops. A history of the spiritual meanings of death, funeral rites and burials in the proud Harlem community of the interwar years. Large 4to, cloth, d.j. First ed.WALLACE, MICHELE. Invisibility Blues, From Pop to Theory. New York: Verso, 1990. 267 pp., index. Important critical essays in black feminist cultural criticism. Numerous artists, filmmakers, politicians, musicians and issues in historical and contemporary culture from the civil rights movement to the end of the 80s. Artists mentioned include: Benny Andrews, Malcolm C. W. Bailey, Josephine Baker, Amiri Baraka, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Vivian Browne, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Melvin Edwards, David Hammons, Richard Hunt, Daniel L. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Issac Julien, K.O.S., Jacob Lawrence, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Vincent Smith, Carrie Mae Weems. 4to, black cloth, lettered in silver, dust jacket. First ed.WALLACE, MICHELE and Gina Dent, eds. Black Popular Culture: A Project by Michele Wallace. New York: Dia Art Foundation (Discussions in Contemporary Culture No. 8), 1992. x, 373 pp., b&w illus., extensive useful bibliog., notes on contributors. An impressive selection of texts on the definitions and diversity in black popular culture. The 28 contributors include: Stuart Hall, Cornel West, Jacqueline Bobo, Judith Wilson, Sherley Ann Williams, Hazel V. Carby, Julianne Malvaux, Angela Y. Davis, Marlon T. Riggs, Isaac Julien, Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Manthia Diawara, Coco Fusco, et al. Wallace's "Afterword: 'Why Are There No Great Black Artists?' The Problem of Visuality in African-American Culture" includes: Adrian Piper, David Hammons, Renée Green, Glenn Ligon, Howardena Pindell, Martin Puryear, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Camille Billops, Melvin Edwards, Lorraine O'Grady, Lorna Simpson, Faith Ringgold, Seitu Jones. Stout 8vo, wraps.WALLACE, MICHELLE. Dark Designs and Visual Culture. Durham: Duke University Press, 2004. 551 pp., index. Outstanding substantial collection of the critical essays of one of the foremost cultural critics and black feminists of the past three decades. 8vo (8.7 x 6.1 in.), wraps.WASHINGTON (DC). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Artists' files for exhibition of African-American women artists, 1969-1978. 1979. The National Women's Caucus for Art, College Art Association. An exhibition on Afro-American Women Artists was to be held in conjunction with CAA's Annual meeting, 1979. Emily Martin and Tritobia Benjamin were co-curators. The exhibition was cancelled due to lack of funding. Artists included are: Rose A. Auld, Loretta E. Ballard, Camille Billops, Barbara Jane Bullock, Viola Burley [Leak], Margaret Gross Burroughs, Lilian T. Burwell, Yvonne Pickering Carter, Juette Johnson Day, Karen D. Eutemey, Gloria Terry Freeman, Varnette P. Honeywood, Martha Jackson (presumably Martha Jackson-Jarvis), Georgia Mills Jessup, Marie Johnson, Arinthia Lynn Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Harriet Forte Kennedy, Patricia Mattison Landry, Samella S. Lewis, Geraldine McCullough, Edith Martin, Yvonne Olivia Cole Meo, Elizabeth Catlett Mora, Norma Morgan, Leigh H. Mosley, Marilyn Nance, Nefertiti, Winnie Owens, Kathleen J. Ballard Peters, Delilah Pierce, Georgette Seabrooke Powell, Mavis Pusey, Helen Evans Ramsaran, Faith Ringgold, Lucille (Malkia) Roberts, Bettye Saar, Jewel Simon, Mei-Tei-Sing Smith, Joan C. Stephens, Alma Thomas, Mildred Thompson, Phyllis Thompson, Bertie Wiggs, Roberta Wolfe, Theresa India Young.WASHINGTON (DC). Howard University Gallery of Art. Migrations. August 28-September 23, 1978. Exhib. cat., full checklist listing 3 works by each artist. National Exhibition of African American Printmakers. Group exhibition. Included: John T. Biggers, Camille J. Billops, Robert H. Blackburn, Carole Byard, Juanita Cribb, Allan Edmunds, David Hammons, Bill Harris, Leon Hicks, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Winston Kennedy, Talita Long, Percy B. Martin, Valerie Maynard, Lloyd McNeill, Otto Neals, Nefertiti, James E. Newton, Stephanie Pogue, Joseph Ross, John T. Scott, George H. Smith, Lou Stovall, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Wendy Wilson. 9 leaves.WASHINGTON (DC). National Museum of Women in the Arts. Through Sisters' Eyes: Children's Books Illustrated by African Women Artists. November 4-April 24, 1992. 16 pp., 15 b&w illus., checklist of 39 books, 21 paintings and drawings. Groundbreaking show on black women illustrators. Artists included: Moneta Barnett, Camille Billops, Carole Byard, Pat Cummings, Jan Spivey Gilchrist, Cheryl Hanna, Margo Humphrey, Dolores Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Dindga McCannon, Faith Ringgold. [Traveled to: Morris Museum, Morristown, NJ, June 1-September 13, 1992; Newarrk Museum, Newark, NJ, 1993.] 4to, stapled wraps. First ed.WASHINGTON (DC). Parish Gallery. Masters for the First Family. May 15-June 16, 2009. Group exhibition. Included: Benny Andrews, Edward Bannister, Camille Billops, Elizabeth Catlett, Edward Clark, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Lois Mailou Jones, Norman Lewis, Richard Mayhew, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Joe Overstreet, Howardena Pindell, James A. Porter, and William T. Williams.WASHINGTON (DC). Washington Project for the Arts. The Blues Aesthetic: Black Culture and Modernism. September 14-December 9, 1989. 104 pp. exhibition catalogue, 19 color plates, 34 b&w illus., bibliog. Curated by Richard J. Powell; texts by John Cephas, Dwight D. Andrews, Eleanor W. Traylor, Ethelbert E. Miller, John M. Vlach, Kellie Jones, Sherril Berryman-Miller, Jeffrey Stewart, Joseph A. Brown. Many white artists are included in the exhibition as "kindred spirits" and given a disproportionately high number of the few color plates without any satisfactory textual justification. African American artists included: Billy Fundi Abernathy, Terry Adkins, Candida Alvarez, Anthony Barboza, Jean Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Frederick Becker, Dawoud Bey, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Roy DeCarava, Robert Colescott, Houston Conwill, Sarah Covington (discussed in text only), Aaron Douglas, Melvin Edwards, Mikki Ferrill, Roland Freeman, Sam Gilliam, Margo Humphrey, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, William H. Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Roy Lewis, Bert Long, Keith Morrison, Archibald Motley, Joe Overstreet, Alison Saar, Coreen Simpson, Beuford Smith, Frank Stewart, Bob Thompson; videos by Lawrence Andrews, Tony Cokes and Philip Mallory Jones. [Traveled to: California African American Museum, Los Angeles, CA; Duke University Museum of Art, Durham, NC; Blaffer Gallery, University of Houston, Houston, TX; Studio Museum in Harlem, New York, NY.] 4to (29 cm.), wraps. First ed.WEST NYACK (NY). Rockland Center for the Arts. Africa in Diaspora. March-April, 1974. Exhib. catalogue; text unsigned. Includes: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Vivian Browne, Art Coppedge, Ernest Crichlow, Avel DeKnight, Guy Duvivier, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Richard Mayhew, Henri Merceron, Billy Omabegho, Charles White, Walter J. Williams, Hale Woodruff. 8vo, wraps.WEST NYACK (NY). Rockland Center for the Arts. African-American Printmaking, 1838 to the Present. October 8-November 19, 1995. 26 pp. exhib. cat., 9 b&w illus., brief but substantial biogs. of each artist, full exhib. checklist. Text by Harry Henderson. Group exhibition. Co-curated by Cynthia Hawkins and Lena Hyun. Included 74 works by 46 artists: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Marvin Brown, Vivian E. Browne, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Melvin Edwards, Elton Fax, Allan R. Freelon, Robin Holder, Margo Humphrey, Wilmer Jennings, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Ronald Joseph, Mohammad Omer Khalil, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Alvin D. Loving, William Majors, Richard Mayhew, Stephanie Pogue, Patrick Reason, Faith Ringgold, Aminah Brenda L. Robinson, Albert A. Smith, Vincent D. Smith, Raymond Steth, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Mildred Thompson, Dox Thrash, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Michael Kelly Williams, William T. Williams, John Wilson, and Hale Woodruff. Oblong 8vo, stapled pictorial wraps. First ed.WIDENER, DANIEL. Black Arts West: Culture and Struggle in Postwar Los Angeles. Durham: Duke University Press, 2010. xiv, 368 pp., 48 illus. (mostly historical photos), notes, bibliog., index. Chapters: Hollywood scuffle : the Second World War, Los Angeles, and the politics of wartime representation -- The Negro as human being? Desegregation and the Black arts imperative -- Writing Watts : the rise and fall of cultural liberalism -- Notes from the underground : free jazz and Black power in South Los Angeles -- Studios in the street : creative community and visual arts -- The arms of criticism : the cultural politics of urban insurgency -- An intimate enemy : culture and the contradictions of Bradleyism -- How to survive in South Central : Black film as class critique. Artists included (many just brief passing mention): William Alexander, Amiri Baraka, Camille Billops, William Blackman, Gloria Bohanon, Margaret Burroughs, Ben Caldwell, Bernie Casey, Dan Concholar, Houston Conwill, Julie Dash, Alonzo Davis, Dale Davis, Zeinabu Irene Davis, Emory Douglas, Melvin Edwards, Jacqueline Frazier, Alice Taylor Gafford, David Hammons, Suzanne Jackson, Charles Johnson, Doyle Lane, Alile Sharon Larkin, Joe Lewis, Samella Lewis, Constance McClendon, Barbara McCullough, Oscar Micheaux, Willie Middlebrook, P'lla Mills, Lenora Moore, Senga Nengudi, Judson Powell, Noah Purifoy, John T. Riddle, Betye Saar, Van Slater, William E. Smith, Curtis Tann, Ruth Waddy, Timothy Washington, Charles White, Beulah Ecton Woodard, Richard Wyatt, Jr. 8vo (25 x 17 cm.; 9.3 x 6.2 in.), cloth, d.j.WILBERFORCE (OH). National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center. When the Spirit Moves: African American Art Inspired by Dance. August 8-November 28, 1999. 170 pp. exhib. cat., color and b&w illus., maps, bibliog. Curated by Samella Lewis. Ed. by Barbara Glass; texts by: Barbara Glass, Brenda Dixon Gottschild, Melanye White-Dixon, Jacqui Malone, Katrina Hazzard-Donald, Samella Lewis. Group exhibition. Included: Benny Andrews, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Elizabeth Catlett, Louis Delsarte, Sam Gilliam, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, Valerie Maynard, Archibald Motley, Ademola Olugebefola, Howardena Pindell, John T. Scott, Charles Searles, LaVon Van Williams, Richard Yarde, et al. [Traveled to: Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History, Detroit, MI, January 22-April 23, 2000; Camille Love Crosby Museum, Spelman College, Atlanta, GA, June 20-November 18, 2000; Anacostia Museum, Washington, DC, February 15-June 2, 2001.] 4to (28 cm.), wraps.WILLIAMS, JOHN. Re-Creating Their Media Image: Two Generations of Black Women Filmmakers. 1995. Reprinted from Cineaste 20, no. 3 (1994) in: Black Scholar 25 (Spring 1995):47-53. Mentions: filmmaker Camille Billops (Finding Christa); Monica J. Freeman's film on Valerie Maynard (Valerie: A Woman, an Artist, a Philosophy of Life); Carroll Blue's film on Varnette Honeywood (Varnette's World: A Study of a Young Artist); Carol Munday-Lawrence's film (Portrait of Two Artists: Hughie Lee-Smith and Jacob Lawrence).WILSON, JUDITH. Optical Illusions. Images of Miscegenation in Nineteenth-Century and Twentieth-Century American Art. Washington, DC: National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 1991. In: American Art 5 (Summer 1991):(88)-107. Includes: Jules Lion (his portrait, Ashur Moses Nathan and Son), Edmonia Lewis, Robert Colescott, Archibald Motley, Adrian Piper, Sylvia Snowden, Bob Thompson, Sam Gilliam, Camille Billops. 4to, wraps.WINSTON-SALEM (NC). Diggs Gallery, Winston-Salem State University. Not An Ocean Between Us: Voices of Women from Africa and the African Diaspora. May 30, 2006-March 17, 2007. Group exhibition of 41 works by 24 women artists. Curated by Belinda Tate. Includes: Camille Billops, Aloke Buraimoh (Nigeria), Magdalena Campos-Pons, Elizabeth Catlett, Zoë Charlton, Chandra Cox, Nike Davis (Nigeria), Raki Dianka (Senegal), Mona El-Bayoumi (Egypt), Negla Ezzat (Egypt), Delia Greig (South Africa), Leslie Hewitt, Peju Layiwola (Nigeria), T. Lukhele (Tanzania), Mary Moeng (South Africa), Alison Saar, Lorna Simpson, Sira Sissoko (Mali), Shinique Smith, Mickalene Thomas, Eunice Wadu (Kenya), Kara Walker, Joyce Wellman, and more. Camille BillopsBorn12 August 1933 (age 85)Los Angeles, California U.S.NationalityAmericanEducationLos Angeles State CollegeCalifornia State UniversityCity College of New YorkOccupationVisual artistSculptorPrintmakerSpouse(s)James V. HatchCamille Billops (born 12 August 1933) is an African-American sculptor, filmmaker, archivist, and printmaker. Contents1Early life and education2Work2.1Visual art2.2Film2.3Hatch-Billops Collection2.4Collaborative work2.5Artist Statement (1996)3Personal life4Awards and honors5Filmography6Selected Exhibitions7References8Further reading9External linksEarly life and educationBillops was born in Los Angeles, California, to parents, Alma Gilmore and Lucius Billops, who worked "in service" for a Beverly Hills family, enabling them to provide her with a private secondary education at a Catholic school.[1][2][3][4] As a young girl, she painted her bow and arrow set and dolls.[5] She traces the beginning of her art to her parents' creativity in cooking and dressmaking. Billops graduated in 1960 from Los Angeles State College, where she majored in Education for physically handicapped children. She obtained her B.A. degree from California State University and her M.F.A. degree from City College of New York in 1975.[1] WorkVisual artBillops's primary visual art medium is sculpture, and her works are in the permanent collections of the Jersey City Museum and the Museum of Drawers, Bern, Switzerland. Billops has exhibited in one-woman and group exhibitions worldwide including: Gallerie Akhenaton, Cairo, Egypt; Hamburg, Germany; Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Gimpel and Weitzenhoffer Gallery, and El Museo de Arte Moderno La Tertulia, Cali, Colombia. She was a long time friend and colleague of master printmaker Robert Blackburn, whom she assisted in establishing the first printmaking workshop in Asilah in 1978.[1] FilmAlthough she began her career as a sculptor, ceramist, and painter, Billops is best known as a filmmaker of the black diaspora.[6] In 1982, Billops began her filmmaking career with Suzanne, Suzanne, a film about her niece and her recovery from a heroin addiction.[4] She followed this by directing five more films, including Finding Christa in 1991, a highly autobiographical work that garnered the Grand Jury Prize for documentaries at the 1992 Sundance Film Festival.[4][7] Her other film credits include Older Women and Love in 1987, The KKK Boutique Ain’t Just Rednecks in 1994, Take Your Bags in 1998, and A String of Pearls in 2002. Billops produced all of her films with her husband and their film company, Mom and Pop Productions.[1] Billops's film projects have been collaborations with, and stories about, members of her family. For instance, they were co-produced with her husband James Hatch and credit Hatch's son as director of photography. Suzanne, Suzanne studies the relationship between Billop's sister Billie and Billie's daughter Suzanne. Finding Christa deals with Billops's daughter whom she gave up for adoption.[8] Older Women and Love is based on a love affair of Billops's aunt.[9] Hatch-Billops CollectionIn 1961, the seeds of Hatch-Billops Collection were sown when Billops met James Hatch, a professor of theater at UCLA, through Billops's stepsister, Josie Mae Dotson, who was Hatch's student. A 40-year artistic collaboration followed.[2] The Collection is an archive of African-American memorabilia including thousands of books and other printed materials, more than 1,200 interviews, and scripts of nearly 1,000 plays.[10] Once housed in a 120-foot-long (37 m) loft in Lower Manhattan, the Collection is now largely located at the Camille Billops and James V. Hatch archives at the Stuart A. Rose Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Books Library at Emory University. Hatch and Billops also hosted a salon in their Manhattan loft, which led to the publication of Artist and Influence, an annual journal featuring interviews with noted American "marginalized artists" across a wide range of genres.[11] To date, more than four hundred interviews have been recorded.[12] Collaborative workBillops collaborated with photographer James Van Der Zee and poet, scholar, and playwright Owen Dodson on The Harlem Book of the Dead, which was published in 1978 with an introduction by Toni Morrison.[2] Camille acted a play called America Hurrah, which portrays the status of America at that time with her husband James Hatch.[13] Camille Billops also published a book "The Art of Remembering" with her husband James Hatch.[14] Artist Statement (1996)"I don't know if I am that conscious of it, but some people say that our films have a tendency toward dirty laundry. The films say it like it is, rather than how people want it to be. Maybe it is my character that tends to want to do that, because I think the visual arts [artist?] in me wants to say the same kind of thing. So I don't know if I consciously did it; I think it is just my own spirit."[15] Personal lifeIn 1987, Billops married James V. Hatch, a playwright and theater producer.[4] They live in New York City.[1] Awards and honors1963: Fellowship from Huntington Hardford Foundation [16]1975: MacDowell Colony Fellowship[16]1975-76: International Women's Year Award[16]1992: Sundance Film Festival, Grand Jury Prize for documentaries for Finding Christa1994: James VanDerZee Award, Brandywine Graphic Workshop[16]Filmography1982: Suzanne, Suzanne (Documentary short) – Director1987: Older Women and Love (Documentary short) – Director1991: Finding Christa (Documentary) – Director, producer, writer1994: The KKK Boutique Ain’t Just Rednecks – Director1998: Take Your Bags (Short) – Director2002: A String of Pearls (Documentary) – Director, producer, production designer2009: And That's the Way It Is (Short) – Production managerSelected Exhibitions1997: Inside the Minstrel Mask, Noel Fine Art Acquisitions, Charlotte, North Carolina[17]1991: Black Filmmakers Hall of Fame, Oakland, California[17]1990: Clark College, Atlanta, Georgia[17]1986: Calkins Gallery, Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York[17]1983: American Center, Karachi, Pakistan; Pescadores Hsien Library, Makung, Republic of China[17]1980: Buchandlung Welt, Hamburg, Germany[17]1997: Rutgers University, Newark, New Jersey[17]1973: Ornette Coleman's Artist House, New York, New York[17]1965: Gallerie Akhenaton, Cairo, Egypt[17] Artist and filmmaker Camille Billops was born on August 12, 1933, in Los Angeles, California. Billops’ career has consisted of printmaking, sculpture, book illustration and filmmaking. She obtained her B.A. degree from California State University as well as her M.F.A. degree from City College of New York in 1975. Her primary medium is sculpture, and her works are in the permanent collections of the Jersey City Museum in Jersey City, New Jersey, and the Museum of Drawers, Bern, Switzerland. Billops has exhibited in one-woman and group exhibitions worldwide including: Gallerie Akhenaton, Cairo, Egypt; Hamburg, Germany; Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Gimpel and Weitzenhoffer Gallery, and El Museo de Arte Moderno La Tertulia, Cali, Colombia. She was a long time friend and colleague of master printmaker Robert Blackburn, whom she assisted in establishing the first printmaking workshop in Asilah, Morocco in 1978. In 1975, with her husband, Black theatre historian James Hatch, Billops founded the Hatch-Billops Collection. This impressive African American archive is a collection of oral histories, books, slides, photographs and other historical references. Billops also collaborated with James Van Der Zee and poet Owen Dodson in the publication of The Harlem Book of the Dead. In 1982, Billops began her filmmaking career with Suzanne, Suzanne. She followed this promising beginning by directing five more films, including Finding Christa in 1991, which is a highly autobiographical work that garnered the Grand Jury Prize for documentaries at the 1992 Sundance Film Festival. Finding Christa has also been aired as part of the Public Broadcasting Station’s P.O.V. television series. Her other film credits include Older Women and Love in 1987, The KKK Boutique Ain’t Just Rednecks in 1994, Take Your Bags in 1998, and A String of Pearls in 2002. Billops produced all of her films with her husband and their film company, Mom and Pop Productions. They have also co-published Artist and Influence, an annual, in 1981 as an extensive journal of the African Americans in the visual, performing and literary arts community. Billops and her husband reside in New York City, where they both serve as archivists of the Hatch-Billops Collection. Camille J. Billops, artist, filmmaker, archivist, and professor, was born on August 12, 1933, in Los Angeles. Her parents were Alma Gilmore and Lucius Billops, and she has one sister, Billie. She married James V. Hatch, a professor of theater at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), in October 1963. They have one daughter, Christa Victoria Billops Hatch Richards. In 1954 Billops entered University of Southern California to study art and occupational therapy. She transferred to California State University, Los Angeles, and graduated from that institution in 1960. She then briefly studied sculpture with a Huntington Hartford Foundation Fellowship. Thirteen years later, in 1973, Billops earned a master’s of fine arts degree from City College of New York and then studied for her Ph.D. at the D’Université of Paris-Sorbonne, France. By 1965 Billops had established an international reputation as a sculptor, printmaker, and photographer. Her work has been exhibited in Egypt, West Germany, Pakistan, Taiwan, and the United States. Although her first exhibition was at the African Art Exhibition in Los Angeles in 1960, her other exhibitions have included the Valley Cities Jewish Community Center Los Angeles in 1963; the Gallerie Akhenaton in Cairo, Egypt (1965); the Atlanta (Georgia) College of Art Gallery in 1989; and Washington Project for the Arts that same year. In 1978 she was artist-in-residence at the Asilah First World Festival in Casablanca, Morocco, and her series of ceramic sculptures, “Remembering Vienna,” appeared in 1986 in a number of venues. Billops has taught for the art departments of Rutgers University and the City University of New York. The United States Information Services sponsored her teaching of art classes in India. Working with photographer James Van Der Zee and poet Owen Dodson, Billops created The Harlem Book of the Dead (1978), which includes a foreword by Toni Morrison. Billops has served as editor of an art journal, The Afro-American, in 1976 and as art editor of Indiana State University’s Black American Literature Forum. Billops is best known as a filmmaker. She has directed several films, producing all with her husband through their company, Mom and Pops Productions. Their best known films include Suzanne, Suzanne (1982), which chronicled the life of a survivor of domestic abuse; Older Women and Love (1987), which explored intergenerational relations; Finding Christa (1991), which documents Billops’s reunion with her daughter and explored intergenerational relations; and A String of Pearls (2002), which examined the struggles of men in her family traversing four generations. Finding Christa received the Grand Jury Prize at the 1992 Sundance Film Festival. In 1975 Billops and her husband founded the Hatch-Billops Collection, Inc., a non-profit research library of African American historical documents focusing on the arts. The library includes oral histories, slides, photography, and art that Billops and Hatch have collected over two decades in their SoHo, Manhattan loft. They have also published their interviews with African American artists, writers, and musicians in a journal, Artist and Influence. From Los Angeles, in 1960, Billops graduated from Los Angeles State College (California State University, Los Angeles), where she majored in education for physically handicapped children. She collaborated with photographer James Van Der Zee and poet, scholar, and playwright Owen Dodson on the Harlem Book of the Dead, which was published in 1978 with an introduction by Toni Morrison. Her primary medium is sculpture and recently, has turned her eye to filmmaking. In the last decade she has directed and produced "Suzanne, Suzanne, " "Older Women and Love," "Finding Christa" and "The KKK Boutique Ain't Just Rednecks." Billops' awards include: a Fellowship from The Huntington Hartford Foundation in 1963, a MacDowell Colony Fellowship in 1975, The International Women's Year Award for 1975-6, and The James Van Der Zee Award, Brandywine Graphic Workshop, in 1994. Her works are in the permanent collections of the Studio Museum of Harlem, Photographers Gallery, London, and The Museum of Drawers, Bern, Switzerland. She has exhibited in one-woman and group exhibitions worldwide since 1965 including: Gallerie Akhenaton, Cairo, Egypt, Hamburg, Germany; Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Gimpel and Weitzenhoffer Gallery and The New Museum of Contemporary Art, N.Y.; and El Museo de Arte Moderno La Tertulia, Cali, Columbia. Billops and her husband James Hatch, Professor of English at CCNY, cofounded the Hatch-Billops Archives of Black American Cultural History. The archives, housed in New York City, is a collection of visual materials, oral histories, and thousands of books chronicling black artists in the visual and performing arts. African-American topicsAfrican AmericaHistory (timeline)[show]Culture[show]Religion[show]Political movements[show]Civic / economic groups[show]Sports[show]Ethnic subdivisions[show]Languages[show]Diaspora[show]Lists[show]Category: African-American societyAmericaAfrica.svg African American portalvteAfrican-American art is a broad term describing the visual arts of the American black community (African Americans). Influenced by various cultural traditions, including those of Africa, Europe and the Americas, traditional African-American art forms include the range of plastic arts, from basket weaving, pottery, and quilting to woodcarving and painting. Contents1History1.1Pre-colonial, Antebellum and Civil War eras1.2Post-Civil War1.3The Harlem Renaissance to contemporary art1.3.1Mid-20th century2See also3References4Sources5External linksHistoryPre-colonial, Antebellum and Civil War eras This is the carved powder horn by carver John Bush from around 1754. Harriet Powers, Bible quilt, Mixed Media. 1898.Prior to the 20th century, African-American art existed during the French and Indian War. John Bush was a powder horn carver and soldier with the Massachusetts militia fighting with the British. His work has toured throughout Canada and the US.[1][2] His powder horn of 1756 has been part of a travelling exhibition throughout Canada and US.[3][4] Art continued in subsequent slave communities, through the end of the 20th century, African-American art has made a vital contribution to the art of the United States.[5] During the period between the 17th century and the early 19th century art took the form of small drums, quilts, wrought-iron figures and ceramic vessels in the southern United States; these artifacts have similarities with comparable crafts in West and Central Africa. In contrast, black artisans like the New England–based engraver Scipio Moorhead and the Baltimore portrait painter Joshua Johnson created art that was conceived in a western European fashion for their local markets.[6] Many of Africa’s most skilled artisans were enslaved in the Americas, while others learned their trades or crafts as apprentices to African or white skilled workers. It was often the practice for slave owners to hire out skilled artisans. With the consent of their masters, some slave artisans also were able to keep a small percentage of the wages earned in their free time and thereby save enough money to purchase their, and their families', freedom.[7] G. W. Hobbs, Patrick H. Reason, Joshua Johnson, and Scipio Moorhead were among the earliest known portrait artists, from the period of 1773–1887. Patronage by some white families allowed for private tutorship in special cases. Many of these sponsoring whites were abolitionists. The artists received more encouragement and were better able to support themselves in cities, of which there were more in the North and border states. Harriet Powers (1837–1910) was an African-American folk artist and quilt maker from rural Georgia, United States, born into slavery. Now nationally recognized for her quilts, she used traditional appliqué techniques to record local legends, Bible stories, and astronomical events on her quilts. Only two of her late quilts have survived: Bible Quilt 1886 and Bible Quilt 1898. Her quilts are considered among the finest examples of 19th-century Southern quilting,.[8][9] Like Powers, the women of Gee's Bend developed a distinctive, bold, and sophisticated quilting style based on traditional American (and African-American) quilts, but with a geometric simplicity. Although widely separated by geography, they have qualities reminiscent of Amish quilts and modern art. The women of Gee's Bend passed their skills and aesthetic down through at least six generations to the present.[10] At one time scholars believed slaves sometimes utilized quilt blocks to alert other slaves about escape plans during the time of the Underground Railroad,[11] but most historians do not agree. Quilting remains alive as form of artistic expression in the African-American community. Post-Civil WarAfter the Civil War, it became increasingly acceptable for African American-created works to be exhibited in museums, and artists increasingly produced works for this purpose. These were works mostly in the European romantic and classical traditions of landscapes and portraits. Edward Mitchell Bannister, Henry Ossawa Tanner and Edmonia Lewis are the most notable of this time. Others include Grafton Tyler Brown, Nelson A. Primus and Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller. The goal of widespread recognition across racial boundaries was first eased within America's big cities, including Philadelphia, Boston, Chicago, New York, and New Orleans. Even in these places, however, there were discriminatory limitations. Abroad, however, African Americans were much better received. In Europe — especially Paris, France — these artists could express much more freedom in experimentation and education concerning techniques outside traditional western art. Freedom of expression was much more prevalent in Paris as well as Munich and Rome to a lesser extent. The Harlem Renaissance to contemporary art Sand Dunes at Sunset, Atlantic City by Henry Ossawa Tanner is in the collection of the White House, and hangs in the Green Room. Acquired during the Clinton administration with funds from the White House Acquisition Trust, it is the first artwork in the White House by an African American.The Harlem Renaissance was one of the most notable movements in African-American art. Certain freedoms and ideas that were already widespread in many parts of the world at the time had begun to spread into the artistic communities United States during the 1920s. During this period notable artists included Richmond Barthé, Aaron Douglas, Lawrence Harris, Palmer Hayden, William H. Johnson, Sargent Johnson, John T. Biggers, Earle Wilton Richardson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Archibald Motley, Augusta Savage, Hale Woodruff, and photographer James Van Der Zee. The establishment of the Harmon Foundation by art patron William E. Harmon in 1922 sponsored many artists through its Harmon Award and annual exhibitions. As it did with many such endeavors, the 1929 Great Depression largely ended funding for the arts for a time. While the Harmon Foundation still existed in this period, its financial support toward artists ended. The Harmon Foundation, however, continued supporting artists until 1967 by mounting exhibitions and offering funding for developing artists such as Jacob Lawrence.[12] Midnight Golfer by Eugene J. Martin, mixed media collage on rag paper. Kara Walker, Cut, Cut paper and adhesive on wall, Brent Sikkema NYC.The US Treasury Department's Public Works of Art Project ineffectively attempted to provide support for artists in 1933. In 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt created the Works Progress Administration (WPA). The WPA provided for all American artists and proved especially helpful to African-American artists. Artists and writers both gained work that helped them survive the Depression. Among them were Jacob Lawrence and Richard Wright. Politics, human and social conditions all became the subjects of accepted art forms. Important cities with significant black populations and important African-American art circles included Philadelphia, Boston, San Francisco and Washington, D.C. The WPA led to a new wave of important black art professors. Mixed media, abstract art, cubism, and social realism became not only acceptable, but desirable. Artists of the WPA united to form the 1935 Harlem Artists Guild, which developed community art facilities in major cities. Leading forms of art included drawing, sculpture, printmaking, painting, pottery, quilting, weaving and photography. By 1939, the costly WPA and its projects all were terminated. In 1943, James A. Porter, a professor in the Department of Art at Howard University, wrote the first major text on African-American art and artists, Modern Negro Art. Mid-20th centuryIn the 1950s and 1960s, few African-American artists were widely known or accepted. Despite this, The Highwaymen, a loose association of 26 African-American artists from Fort Pierce, Florida, created idyllic, quickly realized images of the Florida landscape and peddled some 200,000 of them from the trunks of their cars. In the 1950s and 1960s, it was impossible to find galleries interested in selling artworks by a group of unknown, self-taught African Americans,[13] so they sold their art directly to the public rather than through galleries and art agents. Rediscovered in the mid-1990s, today they are recognized as an important part of American folk history.[14][15] The current market price for an original Highwaymen painting can easily bring in thousands of dollars. In 2004 the original group of 26 Highwaymen were inducted into the Florida Artists Hall of Fame.[16] Currently 8 of the 26 are deceased, including A. Hair, H. Newton, Ellis and George Buckner, A. Moran, L. Roberts, Hezekiah Baker and most recently Johnny Daniels. The full list of 26 can be found in the Florida Artists Hall of Fame, as well as various highwaymen and Florida art websites. Jerry Harris, Dogon mother and child, constructed and carved wood with found objects, laminated clay (Bondo), and wooden dowels.After the Second World War, some artists took a global approach, working and exhibiting abroad, in Paris, and as the decade wore on, relocated gradually in other welcoming cities such as Copenhagen, Amsterdam, and Stockholm: Barbara Chase-Riboud, Edward Clark, Harvey Cropper, Beauford Delaney, Herbert Gentry,[17] Bill Hutson, Clifford Jackson,[18] Sam Middleton,[19] Larry Potter, Haywood Bill Rivers, Merton Simpson, and Walter Williams.[20][21] Some African-American artists did make it into important New York galleries by the 1950s and 1960s: Horace Pippin, Romare Bearden, Jacob Lawrence, William T. Williams, Norman Lewis, Thomas Sills,[22] and Sam Gilliam were among the few who had successfully been received in a gallery setting. The Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s and 1970s led artists to capture and express the times and changes. Galleries and community art centers developed for the purpose of displaying African-American art, and collegiate teaching positions were created by and for African-American artists. Some African-American women were also active in the feminist art movement in the 1970s. Faith Ringgold made work that featured black female subjects and that addressed the conjunction of racism and sexism in the U.S., while the collective Where We At (WWA) held exhibitions exclusively featuring the artwork of African-American women.[23] By the 1980s and 1990s, hip-hop graffiti became predominate in urban communities. Most major cities had developed museums devoted to African-American artists. The National Endowment for the Arts provided increasing support for these artists. Important collections of African-American art include the Walter O. Evans Collection of African American Art, the Paul R. Jones collections at the University of Delaware and University of Alabama, the David C. Driskell Art collection, the Harmon and Harriet Kelley Collection of African American Art, the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, and the Mott-Warsh collection. Kara Walker, a contemporary American artist, is known for her exploration of race, gender, sexuality, violence and identity in her artworks. Walker's silhouette images work to bridge unfinished folklore in the Antebellum South and are reminiscent of the earlier work of Harriet Powers. Her nightmarish yet fantastical images incorporate a cinematic feel. In 2007, Walker was listed among Time Magazine's "100 Most Influential People in The World, Artists and Entertainers".[24] Textile artists are part of African-American art history. According to the 2010 Quilting in America industry survey, there are 1.6 million quilters in the United States.[25] Influential contemporary artists include Larry D. Alexander, Laylah Ali, Amalia Amaki, Emma Amos, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Dawoud Bey, Camille Billops, Mark Bradford, Edward Clark, Willie Cole, Robert Colescott, Louis Delsarte, David C. Driskell, Leonardo Drew, Mel Edwards, Ricardo Francis, Charles Gaines, Ellen Gallagher, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, Jerry Harris, Joseph Holston, Richard Hunt, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Katie S. Mallory, M. Scott Johnson, Rashid Johnson, Joe Lewis, Glenn Ligon, James Little, Edward L. Loper, Sr., Alvin D. Loving, Kerry James Marshall, Eugene J. Martin, Richard Mayhew, Sam Middleton, Howard McCalebb, Charles McGill, Thaddeus Mosley, Sana Musasama, Senga Nengudi, Joe Overstreet, Martin Puryear, Adrian Piper, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, Gale Fulton Ross, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, John Solomon Sandridge, Raymond Saunders, John T. Scott, Joyce Scott, Gary Simmons, Lorna Simpson, Renee Stout, Kara Walker, Carrie Mae Weems, Stanley Whitney, William T. Williams, Jack Whitten, Fred Wilson, Richard Wyatt, Jr., Richard Yarde, and Purvis Young, Kehinde Wiley, Mickalene Thomas, Barkley Hendricks, Jeff Sonhouse, William Walker, Ellsworth Ausby, Che Baraka, Emmett Wigglesworth, Otto Neals, Dindga McCannon, Terry Dixon (artist), Frederick J. Brown, and many others. Artists Scipio Moorhead, Portrait of poet Phillis Wheatley, 1773, in the frontispiece to her book Poems on Various Subjects Edward Mitchell Bannister, Driving Home the Cows 1881 Harriet Powers, Bible quilt, mixed media, 1886 Henry Ossawa Tanner, Gateway, Tangier, 1912, oil on canvas, 18 7/16" × 15 5/16", St. Louis Art Museum Charles Alston, Again The Springboard Of Civilization, 1943 (WWII African American soldier) Larry D. Alexander,Greenville Courthouse, 1998A–BTerry Adkins (1953–2014), artist[1]Mequitta Ahuja (born 1976), painter, installation artistLarry D. Alexander (born 1953), painterLaylah Ali (born 1968), painterJules T. Allen (born 1947), photographerTina Allen (1949–2008), sculptorCharles Alston (1907–1977), painter[2][1]Amalia Amaki (born 1959), artistEmma Amos (born 1938), painter[2]Benny Andrews (1930–2006), painter[2][1]Edgar Arceneaux (born 1972), drawing artistRadcliffe Bailey (born 1968) collage, sculpture[3][4]Kyle Baker (born 1965), cartoonistMatt Baker (1921–1959), comic book artistJames Presley Ball (1825–1904), photographerAlvin Baltrop (1948-2004), photographerHenry Bannarn (1910–1965), painter[1]Edward Mitchell Bannister (1828–1901), painter[2][1]Ernie Barnes (1938–2009), neo-Mannerist artist[2]Richmond Barthé (1901–1989), sculptor[2][1]Jean-Michel Basquiat (1960–1988), painter[2]C. M. Battey (1873–1927), photographerRomare Bearden (1911–1988), painter[2][1]Arthello Beck (1941–2004), painterArthur P. Bedou (1882–1966), photographerDarrin Bell (born 1975), cartoonistMary A. Bell (1873–1941)Dawoud Bey (born 1953), photographer[2]John T. Biggers (1924–2001), muralist[2][1]Sanford Biggers (born 1970), interdisciplinaryGene Bilbrew (1923–1974), cartoonist and fetish artistMcArthur Binion (born 1946), painterRobert Blackburn (1920–2003), printmaker[2][1]Thomas BlackshearBetty Blayton (born 1937), painter, printmaker[1]Chakaia Booker (born 1953), sculptor[2]Edythe Boone (born 1938), muralistCharles Boyce (born 1949), cartoonistTina Williams Brewer, fiber artist[5]Michael Bramwell (born 1953), conceptual artistMark Bradford (born 1961)Elenora "Rukiya" Brown, doll creatorFrank J. Brown (born 1956), sculptorFrederick J. Brown (1945–2012), painter[2]Larry Poncho BrownManuelita Brown, sculptorRobert Brown (c. 1936–2007), cartoonistBeverly Buchanan (born 1940), painter, sculptor[1]Selma Burke (1900–1995), sculptor[1]Calvin Burnett (1921–2007), book illustrator[1]Pauline Powell Burns (1872–1912), painterJohn Bush (? - 1754), powder horn carverRobert Butler (1943–2014), painterC–DFrank Calloway (born 1915)E. Simms Campbell (1906–1971), cartoonist[1]Fred Carter (born 1938), cartoonistBernie Casey (born 1939), painter[1]Elizabeth Catlett (1915–2012), sculptor and printmaker[2][1]Nick Cave (born 1959), performance artistMichael Ray Charles (born 1967), painter[2]Barbara Chase-Riboud (born 1936), sculptor[1]Jamour Chames (born 1989), painterDon Hogan Charles (1938–2017), photographerClaude Clark (1915–2001), painter and printmaker[2]Edward Clark (born 1926), painterSonya Clark (born 1967), textile and multimedia artistWillie Cole (born 1955), painter[2]Robert Colescott (1925–2009), painter[2]Kennard Copeland (born 1966), ceramic sculptures [2]Eldzier Cortor (1916–2015), artist and printmaker[1]Ernest Crichlow (1914–2005), social realist artist[1]Allan Crite (1910–2007), painter[2] [1]Emilio Cruz (1938–2004), painter[2]Frank E. Cummings III (born 1938), woodworkerMichael Cummings (born 1945), textile artistUlysses Davis (1913–1990), sculptor[2]Bing Davis (born 1937), potter and graphic artist[1]Roy DeCarava (1919–2009), photographer[2]Beauford Delaney (1901–1979), painter[6]Joseph Delaney (1904–1991)[2]Louis Delsarte (born 1944), artist[1]J Rodney Dennis[7][8] painterJoseph Clinton Devillis (1878-1912), painterThornton Dial (1928–2016)[2]Terry Dixon (born 1969), painter and multimedia artistJeff Donaldson (born 1932), painter and criticAaron Douglas (1899–1979), painter[2][1]Emory Douglas (born 1943), Black Panther artistJohn E. Dowell Jr. (born 1941), printmaker, etcher, lithographer, and painterDavid C. Driskell (born 1931), artist and scholarRobert Scott Duncanson (1821–1872), Hudson River School[2][1]E–HWilliam Edmondson (1874–1951), folk art sculptor[2][1]Mel Edwards (born 1937), sculptor[2][1]Walter Ellison (1899–1977), painter[2]Minnie Evans (1892–1987), folk artist[2] [1]Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller (1877–1968), artist[2][1]Ellen Gallagher (born 1965)[2]Theaster Gates (born 1973), sculptor, ceramicist, and performance artist [Reginald K (Kevin) Gee (born 1964), painterHerbert Gentry (1919–2003), painterWilda Gerideau-Squires (born 1946), photographerRobert A. Gilbert (c. 1870-1942), nature photographer[9]Leah Gilliam (born 1967), media artist and filmmakerSam Gilliam (born 1933), painter[2] [1]Russell T. Gordon (born 1936), printmaker[2]Billy Graham (1935–1999), comic book artistLonnie Graham, photographer and installation artistDeborah Grant (born 1968), painterTodd Gray (born 1954), photographer, installation and performance artistLeamon Green (born 1959)Renee Green (born 1959), installation artist[2]Mario Gully, comic book artistTyree Guyton (born 1955)[2]Ed Hamilton (born 1947), sculptorPatrick Earl Hammie (born 1981), painterDavid Hammons (born 1943), artist[2]Trenton Doyle Hancock (born 1974)[2]Edwin Harleston (1882–1931), painterElise Forrest Harleston (1891–1970), photographerKira Lynn Harris (born 1963), multidisciplinary[10]John Wesley Hardrick (1891–1948), painter[2] [1]Jerry Harris (born 1945), sculptorLawrence Harris, painterMarren Hassenger (born 1947), sculptor, installation, performance[11]Palmer Hayden (1893–1973), painter[2][1]Barkley Hendricks (1945–2017), painterGeorge Herriman (1880–1944), cartoonist[2]Alvin Hollingsworth (1928–2000), illustrator, painterWilliam Howard (active 19th century), American woodworker and craftsmanBryce Hudson (born 1979), painter, sculptor[2]Julien Hudson (1811–1844), painter, sculptor[2]David Huffman (born 1963), painter[12]Richard Hunt (born 1935), sculptor[2][1]Clementine Hunter (1886/7–1988), folk artist[2][1]J–OSteffani Jemison (born 1981), performance artist, video artistWadsworth Jarrell (born 1929), painter, sculptorAnnette P. Jimerson (born 1966), painterJoshua Johnson (c.1763–c.1824), portrait painter and folk artist[2][1]Malvin Gray Johnson (1896–1934), painter[1]Rashid Johnson (born 1977), conceptual artistSargent Johnson (1888–1967), sculptor[2] [1]William H. Johnson (1902–1970)[2][1]Calvin B. Jones (1934–2010), painter, muralistJennie C. Jones (born 1968), multidisciplinaryLois Mailou Jones (1905–1998), painter[2][1]Titus Kaphar (born 1976), painter[13]Gwendolyn Knight (1914–2005), artist[1]Jacob Lawrence (1917–2000), painter[2][1]Deana Lawson (born 1979), photographer[14]Hughie Lee-Smith (1915–1999), artist[2][1]Edmonia Lewis (c. 1843–1879), artist[2][1]Norman Lewis (1909–1979), painter[2][1]Glenn Ligon (born 1960), painter[2]Llanakila, artist, painter, digital illustrator, and digital artistEdward L. Loper, Sr. (1916–2011), painterWhitfield Lovell (born 1960), artistAlvin D. Loving (1935-2005) artistGwendolyn Ann Magee (1943–2011), artist, quilter[15]Clarence Major (born 1936), painterKerry James Marshall (born 1955), painter[2]Eugene J. Martin (1938–2005), painterRichard Mayhew (born 1934), Afro-Native American, landscape painter[16]Valerie Maynard (born 1937), sculptor, printmaker, painterEaly Mays (born 1959), painterHoward McCalebb (born 1947), artistCorky McCoy, illustratorCharles McGee, (born 1924) painterCharles McGill (born 1964), artist, educatorJulie Mehretu (born 1970), painter, printmakerNicole Miller (born 1982), video artistDean Mitchell (born 1957), painterScipio Moorhead (active 1770s), painter[1]Archibald Motley (1891–1981), painter[2][1]Gus Nall (1919-1995), painterHarold Newton (1934–1994), artistLorraine O'Grady (born 1934), conceptual artistTurtel Onli (born 1952), cartoonistJackie Ormes (1911–1985), cartoonistJohn Outterbridge (born 1933), assemblage artist[2][1]Joe Overstreet (born 1933), artist[1]P–SGordon Parks (1912–2006), photographer, director[2][1]Cecelia Pedescleaux (born 1945), quilterDelilah Pierce (1904–1992), artistEarle M. Pilgrim (1923–1976), artistHowardena Pindell (born 1943), painter[2]Jerry Pinkney (born 1939), illustrator[2]Adrian Piper (born 1948), conceptual artist[2]Rose Piper (1917–2005), painter and textile designer[17]Horace Pippin (1888–1946), painter[2][1]Rae Pleasant (born 1985), illustrator[18][19]P. H. Polk (1898–1984), photographerCarl Robert Pope (born 1961), photographer[2]William Pope.L (born 1955) conceptual artistHarriet Powers (1837–1910), folk artist[2]Martin Puryear (born 1941), sculptor[2][1]Patrick H. Reason (1816–1898)Earle Wilton Richardson (1912–1935), artist[1]Faith Ringgold (born 1930), painter[2][1]Haywood Rivers (1922–2001), painterArthur Rose Sr. (1921–1995), multidisciplinaryBayeté Ross Smith (born 1976), photographerAlison Saar (born 1956), artist[2][1]Betye Saar (born 1926), artist[2][1]Charles Sallee (1923–2006), painter[2][20]Reginald Sanders (1921–2001), visual artistRaymond Saunders, painter[1]Augusta Savage (1892–1962), sculptor[2][1]John T. Scott (1940–2007), artistJoyce J. Scott (born 1948), sculptor[2]Lorenzo Scott (born 1934), painterWilliam Edouard Scott (1884–1964), painter[2][1]Charles Sebree (1914–1985), painter[2][1]Ed Sherman (born 1945), photographerThomas Sills (1914–2000), painterGary Simmons (born 1964), artistLorna Simpson (born 1960), artist[2]Merton Simpson (1928–2013), painterWilliam Simpson (1818–1872), portrait painter[1]Cauleen Smith (born 1967), filmmakerLeslie Smith III (born 1985), painterVincent D. Smith (1929–2003), painter and printmaker[21][22]Gilda Snowden (1954–2014)[2]Mitchell Squire (born 1958), American installation artist, sculptor and performance artistRaymond Steth (1916–1997)[2]Renee Stout (born 1958), artist[2]Martine Syms (born 1988), artistT–ZHenry Ossawa Tanner (1859–1937), artist[2][1]Margaret Taylor-Burroughs (1915–2010)[2][1]Alma Thomas (1891–1978), painter[2] [1]Hank Willis Thomas (born 1976), photographerMickalene Thomas (born 1971), painter and installation artistBob Thompson (1937–1966), painter[2][1]Mildred Thompson (1935–2003), abstract painter, printmaker and sculptorDox Thrash (1892–1962), printmaker, sculptor[2] [1]Bill Traylor (1856–1949)[2][1]Henry Taylor (born 1958) painterMorrie Turner (1923–2014), cartoonistJames Van Der Zee (1886–1983), photographer[2] [1]Kara Walker (born 1969), artist[2] [1]William Walker (1927–2011), Chicago muralistLaura Wheeler Waring (1887–1948), painter[2][1]E. M. Washington (born 1962), printmaker and counterfeiterJames W. Washington, Jr. (1908–2000), painter and sculptor[1]Carrie Mae Weems (born 1953), photographer[2]Pheoris WestCharles Wilbert White (1918–1979), muralist[2][1]Jack Whitten (1939-2018), painterKehinde Wiley (born 1977), painterGerald Williams (artist) (Born 1941) painterWilliam T. Williams (born 1942), painter[1]Deborah Willis (born 1948), photographerEllis Wilson (1899–1977), painter[2][1]Fred Wilson (born 1954), conceptual artistJohn Woodrow Wilson (1922–2015), sculptor[2][1]Beulah Woodard (1895–1955), sculptorHale Woodruff (1900–1980), painter[2][1]Richard Wyatt, Jr., (born 1955), painter, muralistRichard Yarde (1939–2011), watercoloristJoseph Yoakum (1890–1972), self-taught landscape artistPurvis Young (1943–2010), artistArtist groupsThe HighwaymenAfriCOBRAWhere We AtNational Conference of ArtistsSpiral (arts alliance) African-American topicsAfrican AmericaHistory (timeline)[show]Culture[show]Religion[show]Political movements[show]Civic / economic groups[show]Sports[show]Ethnic subdivisions[show]Languages[show]Diaspora[show]Lists[show]Category: African-American societyAmericaAfrica.svg African American portalvte This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. 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(June 2007) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)The Black Arts Movement, Black Aesthetics Movement or BAM is the artistic outgrowth of the Black Power movement that was prominent in the 1960s and early 1970s.[1][2][3] Time magazine describes the Black Arts Movement as the "single most controversial movement in the history of African-American literature – possibly in American literature as a whole."[4] The Black Arts Repertory Theatre/School (BARTS), founded in Harlem in 1965 by LeRoi Jones (later known as Amiri Baraka) is a key institution of the Black Arts Movement.[5] Contents1Overview1.1Influence2History2.1Authors2.2Locations3The Black Aesthetic4Major works4.1Black Art4.2"The Revolutionary Theatre"5Effects on society6Associated writers and thinkers7Related exhibitions and conferences8See also9References10External linksOverviewThe movement has been seen as one of the most important times in African-American literature. It inspired black people to establish their own publishing houses, magazines, journals and art institutions. It led to the creation of African-American Studies programs within universities.[6] The movement was triggered by the assassination of Malcolm X.[7] Among the well-known writers who were involved with the movement are Nikki Giovanni, Sonia Sanchez, Maya Angelou, Hoyt W. Fuller, and Rosa Guy.[8][9] Although not strictly part of the Movement, other notable African-American writers such as novelists Toni Morrison and Ishmael Reed share some of its artistic and thematic concerns. Although Reed is neither a movement apologist nor advocate, he said: I think what Black Arts did was inspire a whole lot of Black people to write. Moreover, there would be no multiculturalism movement without Black Arts. Latinos, Asian Americans, and others all say they began writing as a result of the example of the 1960s. Blacks gave the example that you don't have to assimilate. You could do your own thing, get into your own background, your own history, your own tradition and your own culture. I think the challenge is for cultural sovereignty and Black Arts struck a blow for that.[10] BAM influenced the world of literature with the portrayal of different ethnic voices. Before the movement, the literary canon lacked diversity, and the ability to express ideas from the point of view of racial and ethnic minorities, which was not valued by the mainstream at the time. InfluenceTheatre groups, poetry performances, music and dance were centered on this movement, and therefore African Americans gained social and historical recognition in the area of literature and arts. Due to the agency and credibility given, African Americans were also able to educate others through different types of expressions and media outlets about cultural differences. The most common form of teaching was through poetry reading. African-American performances were used for their own political advertisement, organization, and community issues. The Black Arts Movement was spread by the use of newspaper advertisements.[11] The first major arts movement publication was in 1964. "No one was more competent in [the] combination of the experimental and the vernacular than Amiri Baraka, whose volume Black Magic Poetry 1961–1967 (1969) is one of the finest products of the African-American creative energies of the 1960s."[4] HistoryThe beginnings of the Black Arts Movement may be traced to 1965, when Amiri Baraka, at that time still known as Leroi Jones, moved uptown to establish the Black Arts Repertory Theatre/School (BARTS) following the assassination of Malcolm X.[4] Rooted in the Nation of Islam, the Black Power Movement and the Civil Rights Movement, the Black Arts Movement grew out of a changing political and cultural climate in which Black artists attempted to create politically engaged work that explored the African American cultural and historical experience.[4] Black artists and intellectuals such as Baraka made it their project to reject older political, cultural, and artistic traditions.[12] Although the success of sit-ins and public demonstrations of the Black student movement in the 1960s may have "inspired black intellectuals, artists, and political activists to form politicized cultural groups,"[12] many Black Arts activists rejected the non-militant integrational ideologies of the Civil Rights Movement and instead favored those of the Black Liberation Struggle, which emphasized "self-determination through self-reliance and Black control of significant businesses, organization, agencies, and institutions."[13] According to the Academy of American Poets, "African American artists within the movement sought to create politically engaged work that explored the African American cultural and historical experience." The importance that the movement placed on Black autonomy is apparent through the creation of institutions such as the Black Arts Repertoire Theatre School (BARTS), created in the spring of 1964 by Baraka and other Black artists. The opening of BARTS in New York City often overshadow the growth of other radical Black Arts groups and institutions all over the United States. In fact, transgressional and international networks, those of various Left and nationalist (and Left nationalist) groups and their supports, existed far before the movement gained popularity.[12] Although the creation of BARTS did indeed catalyze the spread of other Black Arts institutions and the Black Arts movement across the nation, it was not solely responsible for the growth of the movement. Although the Black Arts Movement was a time filled with black success and artistic progress, the movement also faced social and racial ridicule. The leaders and artists involved called for Black Art to define itself and speak for itself from the security of its own institutions. For many of the contemporaries the idea that somehow black people could express themselves through institutions of their own creation and with ideas whose validity was confirmed by their own interests and measures was absurd.[14] While it is easy to assume that the movement began solely in the Northeast, it actually started out as "separate and distinct local initiatives across a wide geographic area," eventually coming together to form the broader national movement.[12] New York City is often referred to as the "birthplace" of the Black Arts Movement, because it was home to many revolutionary Black artists and activists. However, the geographical diversity of the movement opposes the misconception that New York (and Harlem, especially) was the primary site of the movement.[12] In its beginning states, the movement came together largely through printed media. Journals such as Liberator, The Crusader, and Freedomways created "a national community in which ideology and aesthetics were debated and a wide range of approaches to African-American artistic style and subject displayed."[12] These publications tied communities outside of large Black Arts centers to the movement and gave the general black public access to these sometimes exclusive circles. As a literary movement, Black Arts had its roots in groups such as the Umbra Workshop. Umbra (1962) was a collective of young Black writers based in Manhattan's Lower East Side; major members were writers Steve Cannon,[15] Tom Dent, Al Haynes, David Henderson, Calvin C. Hernton, Joe Johnson, Norman Pritchard, Lennox Raphael, Ishmael Reed, Lorenzo Thomas, James Thompson, Askia M. Touré (Roland Snellings; also a visual artist), Brenda Walcott, and musician-writer Archie Shepp. Touré, a major shaper of "cultural nationalism," directly influenced Jones. Along with Umbra writer Charles Patterson and Charles's brother, William Patterson, Touré joined Jones, Steve Young, and others at BARTS. Umbra, which produced Umbra Magazine, was the first post-civil rights Black literary group to make an impact as radical in the sense of establishing their own voice distinct from, and sometimes at odds with, the prevailing white literary establishment. The attempt to merge a black-oriented activist thrust with a primarily artistic orientation produced a classic split in Umbra between those who wanted to be activists and those who thought of themselves as primarily writers, though to some extent all members shared both views. Black writers have always had to face the issue of whether their work was primarily political or aesthetic. Moreover, Umbra itself had evolved out of similar circumstances: in 1960 a Black nationalist literary organization, On Guard for Freedom, had been founded on the Lower East Side by Calvin Hicks. Its members included Nannie and Walter Bowe, Harold Cruse (who was then working on The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual, 1967), Tom Dent, Rosa Guy, Joe Johnson, LeRoi Jones, and Sarah E. Wright, among others. On Guard was active in a famous protest at the United Nations of the American-sponsored Bay of Pigs Cuban invasion and was active in support of the Congolese liberation leader Patrice Lumumba. From On Guard, Dent, Johnson, and Walcott along with Hernton, Henderson, and Touré established Umbra. AuthorsAnother formation of black writers at that time was the Harlem Writers Guild, led by John O. Killens, which included Maya Angelou, Jean Carey Bond, Rosa Guy, and Sarah Wright among others. But the Harlem Writers Guild focused on prose, primarily fiction, which did not have the mass appeal of poetry performed in the dynamic vernacular of the time. Poems could be built around anthems, chants, and political slogans, and thereby used in organizing work, which was not generally the case with novels and short stories. Moreover, the poets could and did publish themselves, whereas greater resources were needed to publish fiction. That Umbra was primarily poetry- and performance-oriented established a significant and classic characteristic of the movement's aesthetics. When Umbra split up, some members, led by Askia Touré and Al Haynes, moved to Harlem in late 1964 and formed the nationalist-oriented Uptown Writers Movement, which included poets Yusef Rahman, Keorapetse "Willie" Kgositsile from South Africa, and Larry Neal. Accompanied by young "New Music" musicians, they performed poetry all over Harlem. Members of this group joined LeRoi Jones in founding BARTS. Jones's move to Harlem was short-lived. In December 1965 he returned to his home, Newark (N.J.), and left BARTS in serious disarray. BARTS failed but the Black Arts center concept was irrepressible, mainly because the Black Arts movement was so closely aligned with the then-burgeoning Black Power movement. The mid-to-late 1960s was a period of intense revolutionary ferment. Beginning in 1964, rebellions in Harlem and Rochester, New York, initiated four years of long hot summers. Watts, Detroit, Newark, Cleveland, and many other cities went up in flames, culminating in nationwide explosions of resentment and anger following Martin Luther King, Jr.'s April 1968 assassination. Nathan Hare, author of The Black Anglo-Saxons (1965), was the founder of 1960s Black Studies. Expelled from Howard University, Hare moved to San Francisco State University, where the battle to establish a Black Studies department was waged during a five-month strike during the 1968–69 school year. As with the establishment of Black Arts, which included a range of forces, there was broad activity in the Bay Area around Black Studies, including efforts led by poet and professor Sarah Webster Fabio at Merrit College. The initial thrust of Black Arts ideological development came from the Revolutionary Action Movement (RAM), a national organization with a strong presence in New York City. Both Touré and Neal were members of RAM. After RAM, the major ideological force shaping the Black Arts movement was the US (as opposed to "them") organization led by Maulana Karenga. Also ideologically important was Elijah Muhammad's Chicago-based Nation of Islam. These three formations provided both style and conceptual direction for Black Arts artists, including those who were not members of these or any other political organization. Although the Black Arts Movement is often considered a New York-based movement, two of its three major forces were located outside New York City. LocationsAs the movement matured, the two major locations of Black Arts' ideological leadership, particularly for literary work, were California's Bay Area because of the Journal of Black Poetry and The Black Scholar, and the Chicago–Detroit axis because of Negro Digest/Black World and Third World Press in Chicago, and Broadside Press and Naomi Long Madgett's Lotus Press in Detroit. The only major Black Arts literary publications to come out of New York were the short-lived (six issues between 1969 and 1972) Black Theatre magazine, published by the New Lafayette Theatre, and Black Dialogue, which had actually started in San Francisco (1964–68) and relocated to New York (1969–72). Although the journals and writing of the movement greatly characterized its success, the movement placed a great deal of importance on collective oral and performance art. Public collective performances drew a lot of attention to the movement, and it was often easier to get an immediate response from a collective poetry reading, short play, or street performance than it was from individual performances.[12] The people involved in the Black Arts Movement used the arts as a way to liberate themselves. The movement served as a catalyst for many different ideas and cultures to come alive. This was a chance for African Americans to express themselves in a way that most would not have expected. In 1967 LeRoi Jones visited Karenga in Los Angeles and became an advocate of Karenga's philosophy of Kawaida. Kawaida, which produced the "Nguzo Saba" (seven principles), Kwanzaa, and an emphasis on African names, was a multifaceted, categorized activist philosophy. Jones also met Bobby Seale and Eldridge Cleaver and worked with a number of the founding members of the Black Panthers. Additionally, Askia Touré was a visiting professor at San Francisco State and was to become a leading (and long-lasting) poet as well as, arguably, the most influential poet-professor in the Black Arts movement. Playwright Ed Bullins and poet Marvin X had established Black Arts West, and Dingane Joe Goncalves had founded the Journal of Black Poetry (1966). This grouping of Ed Bullins, Dingane Joe Goncalves, LeRoi Jones, Sonia Sanchez, Askia M. Touré, and Marvin X became a major nucleus of Black Arts leadership.[16] As the movement grew, ideological conflicts arose and eventually became too great for the movement to continue to exist as a large, coherent collective. The Black AestheticMany discussions of the Black Arts movement posit it as the "aesthetic and spiritual sister of the Black Power concept."[17] The Black Aesthetic refers to ideologies and perspectives of art that center on Black culture and life. This Black Aesthetic encouraged the idea of Black separatism, and in trying to facilitate this, hoped to further strengthen black ideals, solidarity, and creativity.[18] In his well-known essay on the Black Arts Movement, Larry Neal attests: "When we speak of a 'Black aesthetic' several things are meant. First, we assume that there is already in existence the basis for such an aesthetic. Essentially, it consists of an African-American cultural tradition. But this aesthetic is finally, by implication, broader than that tradition. It encompasses most of the usable elements of the Third World culture. The motive behind the Black aesthetic is the destruction of the white thing, the destruction of white ideas, and white ways of looking at the world."[17] Major worksBlack ArtAmiri Baraka's poem "Black Art" serves as one of his most controversial, yet poetically profound supplements to the Black Arts Movement. In this piece, Baraka merges politics with art, criticizing poems that are not useful to or adequately representative of the Black struggle. First published in 1966, a period particularly known for the Civil Rights Movement, the political aspect of this piece underscores the need for a concrete and artistic approach to the realistic nature involving racism and injustice. Serving as the recognized artistic component to and having roots in the Civil Rights Movement, the Black Arts Movement aims to grant a political voice to black artists (including poets, dramatists, writers, musicians, etc.). Playing a vital role in this movement, Baraka calls out what he considers to be unproductive and assimilatory actions shown by political leaders during the Civil Rights Movement. He describes prominent Black leaders as being "on the steps of the white house...kneeling between the sheriff's thighs negotiating coolly for his people."[19] Baraka also presents issues of euro-centric mentality, by referring to Elizabeth Taylor as a prototypical model in a society that influences perceptions of beauty, emphasizing its influence on individuals of white and black ancestry.[19] Baraka aims his message toward the Black community, with the purpose of coalescing African Americans into a unified movement, devoid of white influences. "Black Art" serves as a medium for expression meant to strengthen that solidarity and creativity, in terms of the Black Aesthetic. Baraka believes poems should "shoot…come at you, love what you are" and not succumb to mainstream desires.[19] He ties this approach into the emergence of hip-hop, which he paints as a movement that presents "live words…and live flesh and coursing blood."[19] Baraka's cathartic structure and aggressive tone are comparable to the beginnings of hip-hop music, which created controversy in the realm of mainstream acceptance, because of its "authentic, un-distilled, unmediated forms of contemporary black urban music."[20] Baraka believes that integration inherently takes away from the legitimacy of having a Black identity and Aesthetic in an anti-Black world. Through pure and unapologetic blackness, and with the absence of white influences, Baraka believes a black world can be achieved. Though hip-hop has been serving as a recognized salient musical form of the Black Aesthetic, a history of unproductive integration is seen across the spectrum of music, beginning with the emergence of a newly formed narrative in mainstream appeal in the 1950s. Much of Baraka's cynical disillusionment with unproductive integration can be drawn from the 50s, a period of rock and roll, in which "record labels actively sought to have white artists "cover" songs that were popular on the rhythm-and-blues charts"[20] originally performed by African-American artists. The problematic nature of unproductive integration is also exemplified by Run-DMC, an American hip-hop group founded in 1981, who became widely accepted after a calculated collaboration with the rock group Aerosmith on a remake of the latter's "Walk This Way" took place in 1986, evidently appealing to young white audiences.[20] Hip-hop emerged as an evolving genre of music that continuously challenged mainstream acceptance, most notably with the development of rap in the 1990s. A significant and modern example of this is Ice Cube, a well-known American rapper, songwriter, and actor, who introduced subgenre of hip-hop known as "gangsta rap," merged social consciousness and political expression with music. With the 1960s serving as a more blatantly racist period of time, Baraka notes the revolutionary nature of hip-hop, grounded in the unmodified expression through art. This method of expression in music parallels significantly with Baraka's ideals presented in "Black Art," focusing on poetry that is also productively and politically driven. "The Revolutionary Theatre""The Revolutionary Theatre" is a 1965 essay by Baraka that was an important contribution to the Black Arts Movement, discussing the need for change through literature and theater arts. He says: "We will scream and cry, murder, run through the streets in agony, if it means some soul will be moved, moved to actual life understanding of what the world is, and what it ought to be." Baraka wrote his poetry, drama, fiction and essays in a way that would shock and awaken audiences to the political concerns of black Americans, which says much about what he was doing with this essay.[21] It also did not seem coincidental to him that Malcolm X and John F. Kennedy had been assassinated within a few years, since Baraka believed that every voice of change in America had been murdered, which led to the writing that would come out of the Black Arts Movement. In his essay, Baraka says: "The Revolutionary Theatre is shaped by the world, and moves to reshape the world, using as its force the natural force and perpetual vibrations of the mind in the world. We are history and desire, what we are, and what any experience can make us." With his thought-provoking ideals and references to a euro-centric society, he imposes the notion that black Americans should stray from a white aesthetic in order to find a black identity. In his essay, he says: "The popular white man's theatre like the popular white man's novel shows tired white lives, and the problems of eating white sugar, or else it herds bigcaboosed blondes onto huge stages in rhinestones and makes believe they are dancing or singing." This, having much to do with a white aesthetic, further proves what was popular in society and even what society had as an example of what everyone should aspire to be, like the "bigcaboosed blondes" that went "onto huge stages in rhinestones". Furthermore, these blondes made believe they were "dancing and singing" which Baraka seems to be implying that white people dancing is not what dancing is supposed to be at all. These allusions bring forth the question of where black Americans fit in the public eye. Baraka says: "We are preaching virtue and feeling, and a natural sense of the self in the world. All men live in the world, and the world ought to be a place for them to live." Baraka's essay challenges the idea that there is no space in politics or in society for black Americans to make a difference through different art forms that consist of, but are not limited to, poetry, song, dance, and art. Effects on societyAccording to the Academy of American Poets, "many writers--Native Americans, Latinos/as, gays and lesbians, and younger generations of African Americans have acknowledged their debt to the Black Arts Movement."[4] The movement lasted for about a decade, through the mid-1960s and into the 1970s. This was a period of controversy and change in the world of literature. One major change came through in the portrayal of new ethnic voices in the United States. English-language literature, prior to the Black Arts Movement, was dominated by white authors.[22] African Americans became a greater presence not only in the field of literature but in all areas of the arts. Theater groups, poetry performances, music and dance were central to the movement. Through different forms of media, African Americans were able to educate others about the expression of cultural differences and viewpoints. In particular, black poetry readings allowed African Americans to use vernacular dialogues. This was shown in the Harlem Writers Guild, which included black writers such as Maya Angelou and Rosa Guy. These performances were used to express political slogans and as a tool for organization. Theater performances also were used to convey community issues and organizations. The theaters, as well as cultural centers, were based throughout America and were used for community meetings, study groups and film screenings. Newspapers were a major tool in spreading the Black Arts Movement. In 1964, Black Dialogue was published, making it the first major Arts movement publication. The Black Arts Movement, although short, is essential to the history of the United States. It spurred political activism and use of speech throughout every African-American community. It allowed African Americans the chance to express their voices in the mass media as well as become involved in communities. It can be argued that "the Black Arts movement produced some of the most exciting poetry, drama, dance, music, visual art, and fiction of the post-World War II United States" and that many important "post-Black artists" such as Toni Morrison, Ntozake Shange, Alice Walker, and August Wilson were shaped by the movement.[12] The Black Arts Movement also provided incentives for public funding of the arts and increased public support of various arts initiatives.[12] Associated writers and thinkersDon EvansMari EvansSarah Webster FabioHoyt W. FullerNikki GiovanniRosa GuyHarlem Writers GuildDavid HendersonAudre LordeDudley RandallSonia SanchezRelated exhibitions and conferencesThe Arts Council of England's (ACE) Decibel initiative produced a summary in 2003 in association with The Guardian newspaper.[23][24] An international exhibition, Back to Black — Art, Cinema and the Racial Imaginary, was held at the Whitechapel Gallery in 2005.[25] A 2006 major conference Should Black Art Still Be Beautiful?, organized by OOM Gallery and Midwest, examined the development of contemporary Black cultural practice and its future in Britain. On April 1, 2006, New Art Gallery, Walsall, UK, held a conference in honour of the late Donald Rodney. Gallery 32 and Its Circle, a 2009 art exhibition hosted at Loyola Mount University's Laband Art Gallery,[26] featured artwork displayed the eponymous gallery, which featured black artists in the Los Angeles area and played an integral role in the Black Arts movement in the area.[27] A recently redeveloped African and Asian Visual Arts Archive is located at the University of East London (UEL).[28]While African American art of the 18th and 19th centuries continued to reflect African artistic traditions, the earliest fine art made by professional African American artists was in an academic Western style. Among the leading black sculptors of the 19th century were Eugene Warbourg and Mary Edmonia Lewis, the first professional African American sculptor. The most distinguished African American artist who worked in the 19th century was Henry Ossawa Tanner, who painted African American genre subjects and reflects the realist tradition. In the early 20th century, the most important aesthetic movement in African American art was the Harlem Renaissance or the ‘New Negro’ movement of the 1920s. The Harlem district of New York became the ‘cultural capital of black America’. Practicing in New York, Stuart Davis was heavily influenced by African American culture and jazz music, though he was not an African American. Aaron Douglas consciously incorporated African imagery into his work. The most important African American photographer of that period was James Van Der Zee, who photographed people and scenes in Harlem for more than 50 years. During and immediately after World War II there arose to prominence a new school of African American artists, many of whom were the so-called ‘children of the Harlem Renaissance’. During the 1950s African American art was dominated by Abstract Expressionism and realism; their significant practitioners included Charles Alston, Romare Bearden and James Wells. In the 1960s and 1970s new classifications appeared in African American art based on continuing developments in abstract art and the rise of the figurative style known as Black Expressionism. The most prominent African American abstract painter was Sam Gilliam, based in Washington, DC. Martin Puryear emerged during the 1980s as a leading African American abstract sculptor. In the 1980s African American art was the subject of a number of pioneering exhibitions, such as Black Art—Ancestral Legacy: The African Impulse in African American Art (Dallas Museum of Art, 1989), that brought together the works of African, Caribbean and African American academic and folk artists. Today’s artists, such as Kara Walker and Fred Wilson, continue to grapple with the complex issues of African American history and identity in contemporary visual art. Size: Medium (up to 36in.), Artist: hughie lee-smith, Listed By: Dealer or Reseller, Medium: POTTERY, Date of Creation: 1970-1989, Features: Signed, Originality: Original

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