Bronze 81Mm Art Medal Louis Xiv Sun King On Horse Sup

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Seller: artmedals (5.540) 99.5%, Location: Meudon, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 250927407818 LOUIS XIV LE GRAND REIGNED (1643–1715). Diameter: 81mm (approx.3") Weight: 250g (approx.9oz) Edge/Relief: 6mm France, 1974 " LOUIS XIV - TRICENTENAIRE DES INVALIDES ", a Bronze medal, signed A.de Jaeger, later striking in mint condition, edge marked "BRONZE" with horn of plenty* (Paris mint). Les Invalides in Paris, France consists of a complex of buildings in the 7th arrondissement containing museums and monuments, all relating to France's military history, as well as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans, the building's original purpose. It is also the burial site for some of France's war heroes. Obv : The Sun King on his horse Louis XIV à cheval, it reproduces the front of the Invalides's porch with its inscription in four lines : LUDOVICUS MAGNUS / MILITIBUS REGALI MUNIFICENTIA / IN PERPETUUM PROVIDENS / HAS AEDES POSUIT AN M.DC.LXXV (Louis le Grand, par sa munificence royale ayant à jamais pourvu les soldats, fit construire ce bâtiment en 1675). En légende : TROISIEME CENTENAIRE DE LA FONDATION DE L'HOTEL DES INVALIDES. In exergue : MDCLXXIV / MCMLXXIV (1674/1974). Rev : the Cour d'Honneur, above lots of eagles and roosters. In the field in six lines, text of Maurice Druon from the Académie française : "ICI LA FRANCE ACCEUILLE ET UNIT CEUX QUI ONT SURVECU / DANS L'HONNEUR ET CEUX QUI SONT MORTS DANS LA GLOIRE" . Above in legend METZ. Bibliography : see CGMP p971 Vol4, FIDEM 1975. LES INVALIDES - HISTORY Louis XIV initiated the project by an order dated November 24, 1670, as a home and hospital for aged and unwell soldiers: the name is a shortened form of hôpital des invalides, the hospital for invalids. The architect of Les Invalides was Libéral Bruant. The selected site was suburban in the 17th century. By the time the enlarged project was completed in 1676, the river front measured 196 metres and the complex had fifteen courtyards, the largest being the cour d'honneur ("court of honour") for military parades. Then it was felt that the veterans required a chapel, in which Jules Hardouin Mansart assisted the aged Bruant, and finished it in 1679 to Bruant's designs after the elder architect's death. The chapel is known as Eglise Saint-Louis des Invalides. Daily attendance was required. Shortly after the veterans'1893 chapel was completed, Louis XIV had Mansart construct a separate private royal chapel, often referred to as the Église du Dôme from its most striking feature (ill. right). Inspired by St. Peter's Basilica in Rome (left) the original for all Baroque domes; it is one of the triumphs of French Baroque architecture. Mansart raises his drum with an attic storey over its main cornice, and employs the paired columns motif in his more complicated rhythmic theme of ||u||uu||u||. The general program is sculptural but tightly integrated, rich but balanced, consistently carried through, capping its vertical thrust firmly with a ribbed and hemispherical dome. The domed chapel is centrally placed to dominate the court of honor. It was finished in 1708. The interior of the dome (illustration, below right) was painted by Le Brun's disciple Charles de La Fosse (1636 - 1716) with a Baroque illusion of space seen from below (sotto in su perspective, the Italians were calling it). The painting was completed in 1705. The most notable tomb at Les Invalides is that of Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) in the crypt under Mansart's dome. Napoleon was initially interred on Saint Helena, but King Louis-Philippe arranged for his remains to be brought to St Jerome's Chapel in Paris in 1840. A renovation of Les Invalides took many years, but in 1861 Napoleon was moved to the most prominent location under the dome at Les Invalides. A popular tourist site today, Les Invalides is also the burial site for some of Napoleon's family, for several military officers who served under him, and other French military heroes such as: Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand (1773 - 1844) Army General during the First French Empire that accompanied Napoleon to Elba and then St Helena. He brought Napoleon's body back to France in 1840. Joseph Bonaparte (1768 - 1844) Napoleon's elder brother. Jerome Bonaparte (1784 - 1860) Napoleon's youngest brother. Napoleon II (1811 - 1832) son of Napoleon. Thomas Bugeaud (1784 - 1849) Marshal of France and conqueror of Algeria. François Canrobert (1809 - 1895) Marshal of France. Geraud Duroc (1774 - 1813) Officer who fought with Napoleon. Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle (1760 - 1836) Army captain, he is the author of France's national anthem, La Marseillaise. Ferdinand Foch (1851 - 1929) Marshal of France during the First World War. Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne (1611- 1675), better known as Turenne, Marshal General of France under Louis XIV and one of France's greatest military leaders. Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban's heart (1633 -1707) Designer of Louis XIV's military fortifications. Architecture The north front of the Invalides: Mansart's dome above Bruant's pedimented central block On the north front of Les Invalides (illustration, left) Hardouin-Mansart's chapel dome is large enough to dominate the long facade yet harmonizes with Libéral Bruant's door under an arched pediment. To the north the courtyard (cour d'honneur), is extended by a wide public esplanade (Esplanade des Invalides) where the embassies of Austria and Finland are neighbors of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, all forming one of the grand open spaces in the heart of Paris. At its far end, the Pont Alexandre III links this grand urbanistic axis with the Petit Palais and the Grand Palais. (the Pont des Invalides is next, downstream the Seine river). The Hôpital des Invalides spurred William III of England to emulation, in the military Greenwich Hospital of 1694. View of Les Invalides hospital and chapel dome from North The buildings still comprise the Institution Nationale des Invalides (official site), a national institution for disabled war veterans. The institution comprises: a retirement home a medical and surgical center a center for external medical consultations. The buildings also house the Musée de l'Armée, the military museum of the Army of France. LOUIS XIV Le Grand - Reigned (1643–1715) Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638 – September 1, 1715) ruled as King of France and of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death at the age of 76. He acceded to the throne a few months before his fifth birthday, but did not assume actual personal control of the government until the death of his First Minister ("premier ministre"), Jules Cardinal Mazarin, in 1661. Louis XIV, known as The Sun King (in French Le Roi Soleil) or as Louis the Great (in French Louis le Grand, or simply Le Grand Monarque, "the Great Monarch"), ruled France for seventy-two years—the longest reign of any French or other major European monarch. Louis XIV increased the power and influence of France in Europe, fighting three major wars—the Franco-Dutch War, the War of the League of Augsburg, and the War of the Spanish Succession—and two minor conflicts—the War of Devolution, and the War of the Reunions. Under his reign, France achieved not only political and military pre-eminence, but also cultural dominance with various cultural figures such as Molière, Racine, Boileau, La Fontaine, Lully, Rigaud, Le Brun and Le Nôtre. These cultural achievements contributed to the prestige of France, her people, her language and her king. One of France's greatest kings, Louis XIV worked successfully to create an absolutist and centralized state. Louis XIV became the archetype of an absolute monarch. The phrase "L'État, c'est moi" ("I am the State") is frequently attributed to him, though this is considered by historians to be a historical inaccuracy and is more likely to have been conceived by political opponents as a way of confirming the stereotypical view of the absolutism he represented. Quite contrary to that apocryphal quote, Louis XIV is actually reported to have said on his death bed: "Je m'en vais, mais l'État demeurera toujours." ("I am going away, but the State shall always remain"). More Art Medals? Check out our other items, also don't forget to visit our ART-MEDALS STORE and also see our Sister Shop on eBay.fr : QUALITY-ART-MEDALS eBay.fr Mint Marks used at the PARIS MINT: Plain Edge ==> All medals before March 30th 1832 have plain edges and before 1841 for bronze or copper. Antique Lamp ==> from March 30th 1832 until October 21st 1841 (on gold & silver only). Anchor ==> from October 21st 1841 until September 25th 1842. Ship Prow ==> from September 26th 1842 until June 12th 1845. Pointing Hand ==> from June 13th 1845 until October 1st 1860. Bee ==> from November 1st 1860 until December 31st 1879. Cornucopia (Horn of Plenty) ==> from 1880 until now. @@@ EZ & HASSLE FREE TRANSACTIONS FROM PARIS TO TEXAS OR ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD @@@ Interests/Themes keywords : Art medal, France, Art nouveau, Louis, Ludovicus Magnus, Royalty. ABOUT US We are professional sellers running a family business, the first in the family who started to sell medals was, about 70 years ago, Maître Albert de Jaeger, he was an Artist, a Sculptor and Medallist he received the (1935) for his medallic art, he created hundreds of medals and other art objects. In our Auctions and eBay Store, you will find a wide range of World Art Medals and Historical Medals. Beautiful medals, highly collectable and great Gift ideas. We hope you will enjoy your visit to our eBay store ! Composition: Bronze

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