Seller: regentantiquesuk (2.805) 100%, Location: London N4 1BX, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 301980414308 OUR LONDON SHOWROOMS OPEN MON to FRI 10am - 5pm And Alternate Saturdays Regent Antiques has been trading in London for three decades. We specialise in English and Continental antique furniture, silver and porcelain. Our main markets are Europe and North America and we export worldwide. Antique French Ormolu Sevres Porcelain Mantel Clock c.1860 This is a beautiful antique French ormolu and Sevres Porcelain porcelain mantel clock, striking the hours and half hours, circa 1860 in date. It is set within a beautiful ormolu Baroque case that is surmounted by garlands and doves, and set with a profusion of Bleu Celeste porcelain inset panels in the Sevres manner. The plaque on top appears to be of Marie Antoinette, and the other plaques depict birds, cherubs and flowers. The 3.5 inch blue and white enamelled dial has Roman numerals with a garland of flowers in the centre. The movement is signed by the renowned French clock making family "Japy Fils", and is complete with pendulum, bell and key. This incredible clock is a must have for any collector of ornamental and decorative pieces. Condition: This clock is in excellent working condition, the movement having been cleaned and serviced, the ormolu case having been polished, in our workshops, please see photos for confirmation. Dimensions in cm: Height 45 x Width 34 x Depth 12Dimensions in inches: Height 17.7 x Width 13.4 x Depth 4.7 Ormolu (from French or moulu, signifying ground or pounded gold) is an 18th-century English term for applying finely ground, high-carat gold in a mercury amalgam to an object of bronze.The mercury is driven off in a kiln leaving behind a gold-coloured veneer known as gilt bronze. The manufacture of true ormolu employs a process known as mercury-gilding or fire-gilding, in which a solution of nitrate of mercury is applied to a piece of copper, brass, or bronze, followed by the application of an amalgam of gold and mercury. The item was then exposed to extreme heat until the mercury burned off and the gold remained, adhered to the metal object. No true ormolu was produced in France after around 1830 because legislation had outlawed the use of mercury. Therefore, other techniques were used instead but nothing surpasses the original mercury-firing ormolu method for sheer beauty and richness of colour. Electroplating is the most common modern technique. Ormolu techniques are essentially the same as those used on silver, to produce silver-gilt (also known as vermeil). Sevres Porcelain traces its roots in France to early craftsmen who had small manufacturing operations in such places as Lille, Rouen. St. Cloud, and most notably Chantilly. It is from Chantilly that a cadre of workers migrated to the Chateau de Vincennes near Paris to form a larger porcelain manufactory in 1738. French King Louis XV, perhaps inspired by his rumoured relationship with mistress Madame de Pompadour, took an intense interest in porcelain and moved the operation in 1756 to even larger quarters in the Paris suburb of Sevres. Sevres was also conveniently near the home of Madame de Pompadour and the Kings own Palace at Versailles. From the outset the kings clear aim was to produce Sevres Porcelain that surpassed the established Saxony works of Meissen and Dresden. Though the French lacked an ample supply of kaolin, a required ingredient for hard-paste porcelain (pate dure), their soft-paste porcelain (pate tendre) was fired at a lower temperature and was thus compatible with a wider variety of colours and glazes that in many cases were also richer and more vivid. Unglazed white Sevres Porcelain "biscuit" figurines were also a great success. However, soft-paste Sevres Porcelain was more easily broken. Therefore, early pieces of Sevres Porcelain that remain intact have become rare indeed. The Sevres Porcelain manufactory always seemed to be in dire financial straits despite the incredibly fine works it produced. In fact, the kings insistence that only the finest items be created may have contributed to the difficulties. Only a limited number of European nobility could afford the extravagant prices demanded for such works. King Louis XV and eventually his heir, the ill-fated Louis XVI, were obliged to invest heavily in the enterprise. Ultimately, the Sevres Porcelain Factory produced items under the name of "Royal" and thus the well-known Sevres mark was born. King Louis XV even mandated laws that severely restricted other porcelain production in France so as to retain a near monopoly for his Sevres Porcelain. The king even willingly became chief salesman for the finest of his products, hosting an annual New Years Day showing for French nobility in his private quarters at Versailles. He eagerly circulated among potential buyers, pitching the merits of ownership and policing the occasional light-fingered guest. Sevres Porcelain may have indeed given the makers of Meissen and Dresden a run for their money by the end of the 18th Century but for the French Revolution. By 1800, the Sevres Porcelain Works were practically out of business due to the economic devastation of the new French Republic. About the time when Napoleon Bonaparte named himself Emperor of France (1804), a new director was named for the Sevres Porcelain Manufactory. Alexandre Brongniart, highly educated in many fields, resurrected Sevres Porcelain. Soft-paste porcelain was eliminated altogether thanks to the earlier discovery of kaolin near Limoges. For four decades until his death, Brongniart presided over monumental progress for Sevres Porcelain, catering not only to Napoleon himself, but at last to include the more financially profitable mid-priced market in the emerging middle class. Japy Freres was founded in 1806 by Frédéric with his sons, Pierre, Fritz and Louis who founded the trademark ‘Japy Freres’. Frédéric Japy (1749-1812) was a pioneer in the "art" of industrialization and manufacturing, not only watches/ clocks, but of manufacturing in general. Watches/ clocks were made individual, by hand, by one or more people and then assembled. Japy started by manufacturing pocket watches and clocks in basic production lines at one place concentrated at Beaucourt (his native town) in France. In very short time the production was more than double the usual way. The "golden age" to the Japy Freres dynasty was during the 1850-1930 years, by manufacturing watches and clocks. Japy Freres also created the machines or modified machines to do this. The company expanded after his death in 1912 and won medals at many international exhibitions throughout the nineteenth century under the control of his sons, eventually closing in the 1930s. Our reference: 07265 Image gallery Take a tour of our London showrooms Write to us: Regent Antiques Manor Warehouse 318 Green Lanes London N4 1BX By Underground: Take Piccadilly line to Manor House station. Go to top of escalators and turn left. Take exit 7 and walk straight on for 10 metres. Manor Warehouse is on the right. By road: There is car parking available on site. Payment Pay with your credit card through PayPal. Please make all cheques payable to "Regent Antiques." Bank details: Regent Antiques - BBVA - Account: 05701615 - Sort: 23-59-11 Shipping and returns We ship worldwide. Postage and packing for: Mainland UK: FREE European Union: Postage and packing charges upon request North America: Postage and packing charges upon request (Please note that this is in Pounds Sterling, not US Dollars) Rest of world: Postage and packing charges upon request If you require shipping to a location for which a shipping charge is not provided, please ask for a quote prior to bidding. Williams and Hill Forwarding is our preferred shipping agent for our valuable and fragile furniture items delivered within the UK. After you purchase, we will make all the arrangements to get your item to your door. Stephen Morris Shipping is our preferred specialist for delivery outside of the UK. Increased shipping costs incurred when purchasing additional items are generally quite low. For the best value, we recommend offsetting this cost by purchasing multiple items. We require that someone be home on the agreed delivery day if applicable, otherwise a redelivery fee will apply. In accordance with Distance Selling Regulations, we offer a 30-day money back guarantee if you are not satisfied with the item. The item must be returned in its original packaging and condition. Unless the item is not as described in a material way, the buyer is responsible for return shipping expenses. Buyers are fully responsible for any customs duties or local taxes that may be incurred on items sent outside of the European Union.