Antico piatto Wedgwood earthenware impressed mark Marchio incusso 700 - 800 18th

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Seller: robsilv95 (122) 100%, Location: Roma, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 312735432231 Raro Introvabile Antico piatto manifattura Wedgwood Marchio incusso al retro: Wedgwood e numero 45 e lettere CR Tutto decorato con decorazione floreale sulla tesa e paesaggio di città di mare nel cavetto Diametro: 24 cm In ottime condizioni: nessuna mancanza (si vedano le foto) giustiniani del vecchio meissen kpm berlin nymphenburg goldscheider augarten rosenthal ss allach wien plaue aelteste volkstedter porzellanmanufaktur hutschenreuther lichte scheibe-alsbach tettau schwarzburger werkstätten unterweißbach schlegelmilch rörstrand ginori a doccia sèvres capodimonte st. petersburg fürstenberg royal worcester limoges royal copenhagen herend zsolnay potschappela.b.c. a.c.a. a.c.a.s. s.a.c.a.s. san marino a.c.d. f. arte della ceramica a.c.f. a.c.i. a.c.r. a.c.u. a.l.c.a. a.m. mengaroni & c. a.m.a. anonima materiali argillosi a.m.a. artigiani maiolicari associati a.m.f. a.r.c.a. a.r.s. a.s.c.i. faenza abc acabbo & c. acabo accomasso tecla acquaviva giovanni adue tosin aemilia ars aetruriae ars aetrurie ars agamennone vittorio aghemo emilio agnino giuseppe agostinelli agostinelli & dal pra' agostinelli fratelli agostinelli porcellane d'arte agresti gino & figlio aiello caleca giuseppe aja ajo' ajo' aldo alba docilia albani albarello albe ceramiche albino ceramiche albisola capo albisola marina albisola superiore alchimia alcyone aldebaran alessi alessio sarri ceramiche alfa ceramiche alidada alma alma ceramiche alquati e ferrari altara alto lazio ceramiche amabile amarina amba ameri camillo amphora an. castelli d'abruzzo ancarani ancora andano andloviz guido andrei ceramiche andreotti federico andreotti libero angi annichiarico ciro anonima ceramica piemontese chiusa pesio anselmo ceramiche anselmo mario antica bottega del ceramista aretini zulimo antica castelli antica deruta antica este antica fabbrica farina di mazurek ing. blazey antica fabbrica ferniani antonaci d. antonibon antonibon-barettoni antonucci anzillotti luigi apelli mario apollo apostoli apostoli pietro appiani appiani ceramiche ar.ce.ro. arcore ceramica arena ceramiche aretini ceramiche aretini pietro aretini zulimo aretini zulimo & clavio arges argis ariele armao arno arretina ars ars ars artigiana deruta ars derutae ars pulchra ars umbra arstudio art and craft art e decor arte arte casa arte ceramica amalfi arte ceramica fiorentina arte ceramica italiana arte dei vascellari arte della ceramica arte della ceramica italiana artigiana artigiana artigiana ceramica umbra artistica ceramica amalfitana artrumi assenza enzo ceramiche audano av vietri avallone b. l. & c. b.a.m.a. b.a.u. b.m.c. baccarini domenico bacs baduel g. baduino bagiardi bagni bagutta faentina baitello baldantoni mariano baldelli baldelli dante balla ballaro' balsamo guido bandecchi bandujan banzi baratti barbasetti di prun barberis bardeggia ceramiche bardella laura barettoni barile giuseppe ceramiche artistiche barile guido barocci barraud messeri & c. barsalona ceramiche bartoli & cornacchia bartolomeo rossi & figli bass bassanelli bassanelli renato bassanello bassano italy abc basso ceramiche batignani ceramiche baudena bellucci ceramiche beltrame ceramiche beltrandi benedettelli benedetti berardi romeo berarducci & c. beretta ceramiche berruti mario bertagnin berto bertetti bertetti clelia berti giovanni & figlio bertolotti ceramiche bertoncello ceramiche d'arte bertozzi & casoni berzoini lino besio besio 1842 bettini germano terrecotte bevilacqua romeo biagioli biagiotti biagio biancalani bianchi fratelli bianchini ceramiche bianchini manifattura biancini angelo bica biciemme biemme bigi bignami angelo binaglia bini & carmignani biondo ceramiche artistiche bisogno ceramiche bitossi ceramiche bizzirri bmc boj valter studio d'arte bollate bolzonetti bompelli bonaccorso maioliche d'arte bonaldi ceramiche bonato bonfiglio bontempo & c. borghese pratica di mare borgo san lorenzo borromeo borsato borsato antonio ceramiche borzelli bottega bottega artigiana umbra bottega casadio bottega ceramica artistica a gran fuoco di leonardo castellani & c. bottega ceramica bottega ceramica artistica bottega ceramica d'arte bottega d'arte ceramica bottega d'arte emiliani bottega d'arte gatti bottega d'arte prinzi bottega dei vasai bottega del ceramista bottega del vasaio bottega del vasaio dolcetti bottega del vasaio mastro mahel bottega della maiolica bottega dell'arte bottega delle stelle bottega di decorazione bottega di maioliche del pittore ortolani bottega faentina bottega gatti bottega lassi bottega linari bottega ortolani bottega pinca bottega scuola d'arte ceramica bottega scuola d'arte ceramica neera gatti bottega zama bozzano guglielmo bozzelli bozzola br brambilla f.lli bravo maioliche d'arte brenta bressan & dinale breton r. bristotti maioliche brocchetta brogi brogioni fratelli brotto fratelli brown f. bubani bucci anselmo bucci anselmo ceramiche bucherelli, mendes & c. bulleri buscaroli ceramiche busignani reffi marina buzzi tommaso c. a. m. ceramiche artistiche mastro giorgio c.a.c. c.a.c. faenza c.a.c.f. c.a.f. c.a.i. c.a.l. c.a.m. c.a.m.a. c.a.o.r. c.a.p.e.f. c.a.r. c.a.s. c.a.s. c.a.s.a. c.c.m. c.e.f. c.e.m.a.s. c.e.r.a.r. c.i.a. c.i.m.a. c.l.t. c.m. c.p.a c.r.e.a. c.t.l. ca ca' de fug ca' pirota caccamo luigi cacciaperti cacciapuoti cacciapuoti cesare cacciapuoti cesare ceramiche cadorin-trub caesene cai caleca gaetano calo' calò cosimo camala cambelotti duilio camisassa bartolo camogli guglielmo campagna campi ada campione campionesi ceramiche d'arte candiani carlo canepa fratelli canova cantagalli cantatore raffaele cantina cantina cantini capellini luigi cappe' porcellane artistiche cappelletti giuseppe cappellini silvio cappelluti annunziata cappelluti ceramiche capponi ceramiche capponi giovanni carani egidio caravita ceramiche artistiche carbet carbone carde cardel cardo d'oro carlesso ceramiche carmenta carmignani caron carotti & bettucci carotti virgilio carozzi piera carraresi carraresi e lucchesi carraro cartoceti caruso dino ceramiche caruso nicolò cas casa casa dell'arte casa dell'arte casa dell'arte di d. trogu casa museo mazzotti 1903 casadio casadio ceramiche casadio e sintoni casali casalini ceramiche cascella andrea cascella ceramiche cascella michele cascella tommaso cascella tommaso ceramiche casoli giuseppe cassandrini cassetta ceramica artistica casteldurante ceramiche castellani leonardo castellani leonardo & c. castellani olga castelli d'abruzzo castelli francesco castellini castellini & masini castellini francesco castellini goffredo castiello ceramiche casucci cava cavalieri-roma cavallero & mazzotti cavallo antonio cavallo ceramiche ce.as. ceas ceccaroni ceccaroni rodolfo cecchetto cecchetto ceramiche cecchini p.m. cecconi ceramiche cedit ceramica ceramica adriatica ceramica artigiana ceramica artistica ciulli ceramica artistica e industriale ceramica artistica fiorentina ceramica artistica lodigiana ceramica d'arte l'antica casteldurante ceramica d'arte trevigiana ceramica del castello ceramica del ferlaro ceramica della fraternita ceramica delle moline ceramica di giuseppe arena ceramica di maria azzolino franco ceramica di nobili ceramica di posillipo ceramica di urbino ceramica federale ceramica fiorentina ceramica fiorentina ceramica ligure ceramica lodigiana ceramica lombarda ceramica palermo ceramica piemontese ceramica ricci ceramica riminese ceramica rondine ceramica sincera ceramica toscana ceramica trentina ceramica veneta ceramica vietri mare ceramiche artistiche augusto rosazza ceramiche artistiche campione ceramiche artistiche carraresi ceramiche artistiche familiari ceramiche artistiche ilario ciaurro ceramiche artistiche milanesi ceramiche artistiche napoletane ceramiche artistiche savonesi ceramiche bergamasche ceramiche d'arte mastro ghigo ceramiche del borghetto ceramiche del coppo ceramiche del ferlaro ceramiche del vasaro ceramiche della vulganna ceramiche di gualdo e deruta prof. a. santarelli ceramiche d'ischia ceramiche faentine ceramiche fiorentine ceramiche flavia ceramiche futuriste g. fabbri-faenza ceramiche italia ceramiche mazzotti esa ceramiche minime fratelli pacetti ceramiche mondovì ceramiche montelupo ceramiche orvietane ceramiche piemontesi ceramiche sarde dorgali ceramiche todi ceramiche trentine leonardi ceramiche veneziane ceranima cerasarda cergres cerrato cesetti giuseppe chessa gigi chini & c. mugello italia chini galileo chiucchu' ceramiche chiurazzi chiurazzi ceramica chiusana cia ciampi giannino cian & c. ciancamerla alvaro ciaurlo ilario ciaurro ceramiche cibau geminiano ciccoli ceramiche ciccuccio ceramiche cima ciminaghi ceramica artistica cinelli ceramiche cioffi ceramica artistica cioni cipriani carmine circe cirri vincenzo ciulli ceramica artistica ciusa francesco clarotti & c. co. ros. coccio cogo colella luigi collina raffaele colmo eugenio detto golia colonna ceramiche colonnata colucci guido comacchio comacchio mario combattenti grazia deruta cominetti compiano & c. compostella comunita' dei figoli coniglione contavalli conti ernesto cooperativa artigiana ceramisti faentini cooperativa artigiana maioliche artistiche cooperativa ceramica federale cooperativa ceramica imola cooperativa ceramisti cooperativa ceramisti italia cooperativa ceramisti santa margherita cooperativa ceramisti seminara cooperativa fabbriche deruta cooperativa fra ceramisti cooperativa lavoranti in terracotta cooperativa maioliche deruta cooperativa poggi cooperativa stovigliai corallini walter corallo coramusi corinthus cornacchia & gordini cornacchia coronetti corradini aristide ceramiche corradini gaetano ceramiche corradini raffaello ceramiche corrente vincenzo corriga corti foresto ceramiche corti tito & figlio cosimo ettore costantino albino cr crestoni crestoni ceramiche cucca giovammi d. b. m. c. da milano giulio daedalus vietri daglio ernesto d'agostino ceramiche dal prà dal prà giuseppe dal pra' luigi ceramiche d'amato d'amico ceramiche d'amico michele d'amore danese ceramiche d'angelo ceramiche dangelo sergio d'arienzio dazzi romano de abate teonesto de angelis de carolis adolfo de fazio ceramiche de feo ugo de maio ceramiche de nardis de salvo g.b. de salvo giovanni battista de simone maioliche d'arte decaroli & gabutti decor 9 del monaco del vivo delago della monica della torre dell'acqua felice dem derigu' deruta deruta derutanova derutese dessi fratelli dettori di cocco f. di lieto ceramiche di martino di massa romano di pasquale ceramica di prinzio di prinzio giuseppe diana elena diano umberto dini & cellai dini domenico & figli ditto antonio diulgheroff n. doccia dolcetti dolfi ceramiche dolfi n. d. ceramiche dolker domeniconi ceramiche domus donatello donato dorica drei ercole ducci - cellarosi due g ceramiche edelweis ellena ceramiche ellena giacinto emiliani domenico emiliani luigi emiliani maioliche emiliani tonito emmevi eretenia ernan ernestine erre ceramiche esposito esposito ceramiche esposito francesco esposito michele essepi essevi essevi este ceramiche e porcellane eterna etruria etruria f g ceramiche d'arte f.a.c. f.a.c.i. f.a.c.s. f.a.m. f.a.m.a. f.a.t.a. f.c.b. f.lli tambuscio ceramiche f.m. & c. f.o.c.a.c. f.r.c.c. fabbri agenore fabbri dino fabbri giuseppe fabbri ilario fabbrica casa museo giuseppe mazzotti 1903 fabbrica ceramiche artistiche fabbrica ceramiche artistiche ilario ciaurro fabbrica ceramiche d'arte roma fabbrica di maioliche artistiche e commerciali fabbrica di maioliche commercialie artistiche fabbrica di maioliche e graffiti fabbrica felice fabbriche deruta fabbriche di ceramiche faentine fabbriche riunite di ceramiche fabbrini ceramiche fabiani fabri pio fabri saraceni emma fabris fabris augusto fa-ce faci faenzace' faenzarella faggi gino faiance faiance di ungania faience falcone falcone luigi falisca ars fanciullacci fanciullacci fantechi ceramiche fantechi egisto fantechi mario fantechi renato fantoni ceramiche fantoni marcello faragli ceramiche farci ceramiche farfa farina farnesiana farneti fasano ceramiche faventia ars fedi ceramiche felce felce c. a. felici feliciano fenice fenice ferlaro ferlini ferrandi ferrando ferraris ferrea ferrero ceramiche fiam fiamma fiamma fiamma albisola fiamma roma ficola rodolfo figoli figulina artistica meridionale fillia finzi fiordaliso fiordaliso di capuani fiorentine fiorita fiumi flamigni ceramiche flamigni luigi florentia ars florio focaccia e melandri focaccia umberto foggiatura folco fondaco della ceramica fontana limite fontana lucio fontani fontani bruno fontanini & figli fontebasso fontebuoni foreschi renzo forlani formica formica claudia fornace artistica fornace ceramica bubani fornace ceramica d'arte fornaci del donato fornaci di signa fornaci san lorenzo fornari umberto fornasetti pietro fos fqf fradeani dante francescana franceschetti franceschini francesconi franchini antonio franchini nello franco ceramiche frattigiana frc freccia freccia freda a e figli freda edoardo frillici nedo ceramiche frillici otello ceramiche frumento carlo fs fuschini & rosa g. d. venetia g. grazia & c. g.d.r gabbianelli gabutti gabutti & zucchi gaeta studio d'arte gaggero ceramiche galbiati bottega d'arte galleria del '500 galletto galli & c. galvani galvani andrea gambacciani ceramiche gambarella ceramiche gambetta mario gambetti dino gambone gambone guido ganci gardella g.b. garella garelli franco gariboldi giovanni garlati ceramiche gastaldi gatti gatti neera ceramiche gatti r. s. m. gatti r. s. marino gatti riccardo gatti riccardo gaudenzi alf gaudenzi alfredo gazzotti gbcogo ceramiche gentile gentile da fabriano gentili & fontani gentili dorvale gentilini franco gerania geranzani gerbino gerbino salvatore gergres gherardi & c. ghersi angelo ghersi umberto ghersi umberto ceramiche ghetti ugo ghigo ghinassi maria ghiozzi ceramiche ghiozzi federico ghirla giacchi alfonso giacchino beppe giacchino giuliano ceramiche artistiche giacchino giuseppe giacomini & mancini giacomini ceramiche giacomini, mancini & pardi giacomo dolcetti gianni italo ceramiche giardini ceramiche ginori ginori ginori carlo ginori mondovì ginori san cristoforo gioconda giorgis & massiera giorgis giorgis ceramiche giotto ceramiche giovannini ceramiche giovannino giovannucci a. ceramiche giovannucci fornace girardi girosi ceramica giuffrida giulianelli ceramiche giuliani giulio da milano giunti & volpi giunti ceramiche giunti vittorio gizzi eugenio ceramiche gizzi pierino gizzi pierino ceramiche golia gordini casadio gozzini walter ceramiche gramaglia ceramiche grandi giovanni grandi ines grassi ugo grasso ceramiche grasso sebastiano grazia deruta grazia ubaldo grazioli angelo grebaudi gregori gregori gregorio gregorj gres d'arte cacciapuoti, bignami e c. gress d'arte cacciapuoti gribaudi grillo griselli italo grosso caterina ceramiche artistiche grosso ceramiche grosso chiusa pesio grosso orlando grotte guarnieri guarnieri nello guerrieri carlo guerrieri ceramiche murano guerrieri giulio guerrieri giulio e archimede guerrini carlo guerrini leo guiso & gallisai gulmanelli virginio hephaistos i due fornaciari i tre poggi i.a.m.a. i.c.a. albisola i.c.a. murano i.c.a. vietri i.c.a.d.o. i.c.a.m. i.c.a.m. venezia i.c.a.n. i.c.a.p. i.c.a.r. i.c.m.a. i.c.r. i.c.s. i.c.u. i.l.c.a. i.l.s.a. i.l.v.a. i.m.a. i.s.e.a. iacchetta iamar ibis ceramiche ica avallone icaro icnel ics idania igne collucent igni igor il molino il sestante ilsa imola imola s.c.c. imolarte d'autore industria ceramica napoletana industria ceramica san giovanni valdarno industria ceramica umbra industria ceramica vicentina industrie ceramiche artistiche e commerciali industrie ceramiche mondovì industrie riunite faentine innocenti ceramiche ionica ceramiche d'arte ischia isola bella isola bella maioliche brillanti isola ceramiche istituto statale d'arte di venezia istler italia italiano patrizia ceramiche italica ars iudice giacomo jobel joo ceramica judici mario ceramiche judici salvatore ceramiche kamares keramis keramos keramos keramos di ghigo keros ceramiche kuntner l.a.c.a. l.a.m.p.a. l.e.n.a. l.f.u. l.n.c.r. l.p.b. ceramiche la berica la casa dell'arte la cava la ceramica ricci la donatella la dorica la faiance la faience gazzotti la fiamma la fiamma roma la foggiatura di turiddu la francescana la freccia la grotta ceramiche la tirrena la torre la toscana la vietrese labicocca labo mario labor labor deruta laboratorio ceramico fratelli zarpellon laboratorio nuova ceramica laboratorio pesaro laboratornio laghi ceramiche lagorio elsa ceramiche lai ceramiche lama ferdinando lamincia lamparelli landa lanni lanni lapucci lassi lassi ugo lastrucci lastrucci & borroni laterza g.b. lattanzi ceramiche latti pietro lauber kurt lavietrese lazzar lazzar e. lazzar marcon le b. le bertetti le favre le fevre fornace leai simone lebertetti leda ceramiche lega ceramiche lenci lencioni rinaldo lenzi leonardi leoncillo ceramiche l'eterna levantino liani libertas linari ceramica linoci antonio lissa pietro liverani & spadoni liverani giuseppe lo boi loddo ceramiche loi lorenzo ceramiche longo loponte domenico lorenzetti mario loretz lortea luigi lovari ceramiche luca della robbia lucchesi lucchino lucciola lucerna ceramiche luconi ceramiche luppi lusso ceramiche m. a. s m.a.c.s. m.a.d.a. m.a.e.c. m.a.i. m.a.o.r. m.a.p. m.a.p. m.a.s. m.a.s. m.a.v. m.g.a. m.i.a.r. m.i.c.a. m.s.o. mab macedonio maceo maffei ceramiche magnanelli ceramiche artistiche magnini alpinolo magri ceramiche maiello maiolica maiolica d'abruzzo maiolica d'arte maiolica derutese maiolica italiana maioliche antiche bassano maioliche ascolane maioliche brillanti isolabella maioliche d'arte di antonio gordini maioliche d'arte umbro aretine maioliche deruta maioliche di gubbio maioliche di monal maioliche faentine maiora maiora-lanni maisc majora malamerson max malmerendi giannetto mamoli mancini ettore mancioli & c. manetti mangani mangili manifattura ceramica alma manifattura ceramica faentina manifattura ceramiche italia manifattura conti e. manifattura di signa manifattura maioliche d'arte manifattura picena manifattura società ceramica toscana manifatture ceramiche di monari vitolo e c. manifatture ceramiche italia manifatture maioliche d'arte manna mannozzi mannozzi guglielmo mannucci mannucci e bolzonetti fabriano mantero mantero ceramiche manzi g.b. manzo alfonso manzoni piero manzù maraini antonio maraini otto marazzi filippo marcantoni marcantonini giovanni marchi marchi giovacchino & figlio marcina marcon marcon antonio mares art margelli ceramiche margelli renato mari & c. maria rosciano vedova poggi mariani ernesto marinetti filippo tommaso marinoni giuseppe marinova marinova nova marioni ceramiche mariotti feliciano marmaca marras martini arturo martini ceramica martini fosco martini fosco ceramiche martinuzzi napoleone marty mascarella masi ceramiche masi mario masini masini luigi masotti amerigo masotti cesare mastri vasai mastro cosimo mastro ghigo mastro giorgio mastro giorgio gualdo tadino mastro giorgio gubbio mastro ripani mastro vio mater matricardi matricardi giuseppe matteuzzi alfonso mazzeo mazzoti 1903 mazzotti & c. mazzotti esa ceramiche vedi mazzotti g.p.l. mazzotti miuseppe mazzotti torido mazzotti vittoria ceramiche mazzucco antonio mcf mdl melandri e zoli melandri pietro melandri-focaccia meli salvatore ceramiche melis federico meloni fratelli melotti ceramiche melotti fausto menegatti amerigo mengaroni mengaroni ferruccio mennella ceramiche mercante merendi vittorio merli messeri messina francesco metauro mf miccoli ceramiche micera ceramiche micera romolo michielotto v. milani milani dante milanova minardi minardi virginio minarelli minerva minerva minghetti minghetti angelo minghetti giovan battista ceramiche miniati miracoli misa mischi misciattelli ceramiche mitri ceramiche modigliani corinna modigliani olga mola alessandro mola ceramiche molaroni molducci molino mollica moltrasi ceramiche monarchi mondinelli & c. mondovì monferrini monina ceramiche montecatini ceramica monteluce montelupo monticello conte otto montopoli morbelli arte morelli morelli carlo ceramiche morelli giovanni morelli mario moretti benedetto moretti ceramiche mori morozzi dante morroni & tega mosaico società del mosca motolese motolese luigi moulin rouge mugello munari a. ceramiche munari antonio munari bruno musa roma musa vietri musanti & f. museo scuola officina musso musso ceramche musso felice muzio emanuele n.i.c.a. n.i.c.e. neo falisca ars nesti ceramiche nesti ezio new style nf niccolai nobili nonni francesco notari giovanni novardea nuova ca' pirota nuova lodi nuova triade nuove forme o.p.a.l. luigi sturzo odissea officina del gusto officine artistiche officine ceramiche thun ol.co olimpia olimpica olivero pina ceramiche d'arte olivetti alessio olivetti giacomo oriani pippo ormac orobico arte artigianato ortolani faenza ortolani mario ossani vincenzo p. luca p.c. e n. pacetti fratelli pacetti ivos paffi ceramiche pagani pagliero pagnossin palatino ars palazzi ceramiche palladio pallavicini paloma pan pandolfi alessandro pandolfi mary de rinaldis panetta ceramiche pantieri paolelli orfeo paoli pardi f. maioliche artistiche pardi fiore & emilio pardi francesco pardi francesco già pardi giovanni pardi giuseppe maioliche artistiche pardi lorenzo & dante parini ceramiche parnigotto ceramica pascucci aldo pasini pasquali & cerrini ceramiche passarin pastelceramica pastorelli pastorino ceramiche pastorino mario patrone giovanni patronelli ceramiche pattarino eugenio ceramiche pattarino ranieri pattese pavona pecchioli ceramica pedali pericle pella ceramiche pellegrini peluzzi euro ceramiche artistiche penazzi ceramiche percossi percossi ceramiche perdomello pergolizzi santo perino & rosa ceramiche perotti perugia pesaro m.c. pescio luigi petrone anna petucco & tolio pezzetta piaggio di compiano f.lli & c. pianessola domenico piccinelli piccola fornace ceramiche piccolpasso piccone piccone piccone giuseppe pier luca ceramiche pierluca pignatelli enrico pignatta pinca pinelli pinto ceramiche pinto vincenzo piola piombante giuseppe pisano valerio piscitello ceramiche pizzigati & righini platino poci emilio poggi poggi lina poggi lina ceramiche poggi nicolò poleni ceramiche poli paolo polidori giancarlo pollastri ovidio ponti giò poppi dario porcellane ceramiche vetrerie grès d'arte porcheddu beppe porcù portico del vasaio pozzi pozzi ceramiche pozzi maria pia pozzo garitta pozzo ugo pratica di mare preciosa premiata fabbrica ceramiche artistiche già mazzotti di cavallero & c. primavera siciliana prini giovanni prinzi procida ceramiche profili giulio ptc pucci pucci & costa pugi pugi arnolfo quadrifoglio quaglino & poggi quercia quercia quinzio quinzio & canepa r.b.c. r.e.f. r.g.b. r.i.n.i.p. r.s.c.a. r.s.c.f. r.s.p.c.c. rabbia pietro raffaelli raimondi ramazziniana rambaldi emanuele rambelli domenico rampini ceramiche randi francesco randi polito randone belisario randone francesco ravano ceramiche ravano dario ravidà raymor rayon rb re.ga.lo. rebroin ceramiche reffi busignani marina regia scuola ceramica di avellino regia scuola ceramica di faenza regia scuola d'arte di grottaglie regia scuola d'arte sesto fiorentino regia scuola professionale per la ceramica - civita castellana regia scuola professionale per la ceramica -caltagirone regio istituto d'arte di faenza regio istituto d'arte santa croce firenze revelli revelli franco revol ri.fa. riccetti ricci ricci angelo ricciardi richard ginori mondovi' richard-ginori richard-ginori san cristoforo rigon rigucci robbia rodriguez rofi dino & c. roggiani roggiapane rolando romagnoli ferdinando & figli romeo giuseppe rometti rometti settimio ceramiche artistiche roncato antonio ronconi rondine rondinone emanuele ronzan rosa ceramiche rosa elia rosa elia & figlio rosa gaetano rosa ottavio & arbace rosati rosati & sprovieri rosciano vedova rossello adolfo rossello damiano ceramiche rossello pedro ceramiche rossi bartolomeo rossi bartolomeo & figlio rossi carlo rossi ceramiche rossi renato rossicone rosso mino rovini raffaello rubboli rubboli lorenzo fu paolo ruggeri ceramiche ruocco ceramiche ruota rusconi russo antonino fu antonio russo antonio russo domenico russo natale fu antonio russo teodoro ceramiche s. a. siciliana ceramica s. c. scla s. i. c. s.a.c. s.a.c.a. - c.c. s.a.c.a. s.a.c.a. s.a.c.a.c. s.a.c.a.s. - c.c. s.a.c.a.s. san marino s.a.c.b. s.a.c.m. s.a.c.r.u. s.a.c.r.u. s.a.c.u. s.a.e.p. s.a.m. s.a.m.r. s.c. lombarda s.c.a.f. s.c.a.t. s.c.c. s.c.f. s.c.i. s.c.i.c. s.c.i.c. s.c.l. s.c.l.c. s.c.o.m.a.f. s.c.r. s.c.t. s.c.u s.d.a.c. s.d.c.a. s.i.a.i. s.i.c.a. s.i.c.a.r.t. s.i.c.a.s. s.i.c.l.a. s.i.f.m.a. s.i.m.a.c. s.i.p.l.a. s.l.r. s.p.a.d.a. s.p.i.c.a. sa. val. saca sacas sesto fiorentino sala jana salamandra salamandra salina eliseo salino eliseo salomone agostino salomone andrea ceramica salomone ceramiche salomone mondovì saltarelli giuseppe saltarelli onofrio saltelli ceramiche salvini sambuco san cristoforo san francesco san gallo san giorgio san giovanni valdarno san marco porcellane san michele san pietro ceramiche san polo san rocco ceramiche san zeno sannini carlo sannini ceramiche sansebastiano e moreno sansobbia santa croce santa lucia santarelli santerno ceramica santi ceramiche santi luigi santucci galliano sarri ceramiche sassu aligi savastano savoretti ceramiche sbisa' ceramiche sbordoni ceramiche sc.ar. scala scala s.c. lugo scaligera scapin ceramiche scappini scardin faone scarselli & ciani scarselli gaetano scassellati ceramiche scavini elena scavini enrico schiavon ceramiche sciannella sciolli giuseppe scopetti scricciolo scuola artigiana arte ceramica metauro scuola ceramica sesto fiorentino scuola di mastro giorgio scuola maioliche d'arte bonaccorso sebelin sebelin teodoro sebring semeraro seminara sergiacomi servettaz nanni sestante sevastano pasquale severini gino silecchia silvagni ceramiche silvestrini ceramiche silvestrini primo simoncioni siri g.b. smeralda soc. cer. revelli soc. cer. richard ginori soc. maioliche deruta società anonima ceramica mondovì società anonima ceramiche liguri vaccari società anonima ceramiche rometti umbertile società anonima combattenti grazia deruta societa' anonima cooperativa societa' anonima maioliche società anonima maioliche zulimo aretini società anonima sansobbia societa' arte ceramica società ceramica adriatica società ceramica colonnata società ceramica faentina societa' ceramica federale societa' ceramica industriale societa' ceramica lombarda società ceramica mastro giorgio societa' ceramica revelli società ceramica scala societa' ceramica toscana società ceramica umbra società ceramiche franceschini di zamboni e vivenzio società cooperativa ceramica società del mosaico società luca della robbia soesco solimene ceramica soocietà cooperativa ceramica imola soravia ceramiche souvenir spadini spagnulo ceramiche spagnuolo luigi sparta spezia francesca spica spica spica cagliari spiga spiga nove spinelli ceramiche spira spizzico spolverato sposini ezechiele squarciarelli stabilimento ceramico artistico partenopeo stagnani ceramica stella aldo stella alpina stella ceramiche stella polare ceramica stella ubaldo stingo stingo enrico strada nino studio a studio artistico gatti r. s. marino studio ceramiche d'arte studio ceramiche monregalesi studio ceramico morelli studio d'arte ceramica studio d'arte ceramica tampieri studio di arte ceramica sturani mario superego t.a.i taddei taddeo tajani tamburlini e campanaro tambuscio ceramiche tampieri tanagra tansini tapinassi ceramiche tasca artigiani ceramisti tassinari ceramica tato tavola della pupa tay tazzini luigi tedesi ceramiche terraviva terre d'acier terzi aleardo testa casalnovo testa fratelli ceramiche testa giovanni ceramiche thun tidei tilocca tinelli carlo e luigi tinteri tirrena titano titian tofani ceramiche tognana ceramiche tolomelli terrecotte artistiche tondo tonelli tonelli angelo tonet tonet tonet fratelli tonietti & c. tonietti torquato torri tortarolo bartolomeo torviscosa ceramica artistica tosalli felice tosin tosin tosin tarcisio tozzi tramonti ceramiche tramonti guerrino tre aaa tre monti tre palme tre poggi trebbi tremar trere' trevigiana trevir triade triart triggiani tripepi tripodi troisi ceramiche tronconi trucco manlio trucco manlio ceramiche d'arte tullio d'albisola u.c.a. ugo bruno ceramiche umbro-aretina ungania a. ceramiche ungaro unione ceramica artistica unione operai ceramisti urbano zaccagnini ceramiche artistiche v.b.c.m. v.i.v.a. v.m.a. vaccarella vaccari valle scrivia vasaro vascellari vasellari eugubini prof. ciaurro vasellari mastro giorgio vaselli vaseria di vallecrosia vaseria sergiacomi vassallo vecchia gualdo vecchia lodi vecchia milano vedova besio & figlio vela vella ceramiche venere porcellane d'arte ventura verzolini ceramiche veschini vi.bi. vianelli viero ceramiche viertasca vietrese vietri mare viglietti bruno ceramiche vignanelli vignoli bottega d'arte vincenzina ceramiche violini ceramiche d'arte vitacolonna vitacolonna fedele & silvio vitali & missier vitali vittoria vittoria mazzotti ceramiche vivante ceramiche volpato ceramiche volpi vorano g. b. vulcania vulganna walter yaco zaccagnini zaccagnini urbano ceramiche artistiche zama ceramiche zanolli zanolli sebellin zarpellon zanotto zarpellon ceramiche zauli a. oggetti d'arte zecchi zen zerbi zimelli ceramiche zipoli caiani zortea ceramiche Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi meaning: Great Qing Dynasty Qianlong Period Made The three words below the mark reads Ao Men Zao meaning made in Macau Date: probably c 1970 A MAGNIFICENT AND RARE UNDERGLAZE BLUE AND IRON RED DECORATED NINE DRAGON CHARGER SEAL MARK AND PERIOD OF QIANLONG Gotheborg com The Antique Chinese Porcelain Collectors Page Porcelain Marks Chinese Porcelain Marks Gotheborg com Marks Introduction Ming Dynasty 1368 1644 Qing Dynasty 1644 1911 Later Chinese Porcelain Macau [Macao] style Brown etched marks South East Asian market Yixing Buccaro Dated porcelain Cyclical Dates on Porcelain Jianding seals Artists and Dated Marks Artists Gallery Numerals Modern Porcelain Factories Marks on Later Chinese Porcelain It is said that the only rule that is really certain when it comes to Chinese reign marks is that most of them are NOT from the period they say Still the marks are something of a fingerprint of the potter and its time If carefully studied they offer a great help in identifying the date and maker of most Chinese porcelain Offered here is an attempt to identify some of the marks on mostly late trade and export quality porcelain 1 Late Qing 1875 1916 2 Early Republic 1917 35 3 Late Republic 1935 49 4 Early PROC 1949 1966 5 Cultural Revolution period 1966 76 6 Late PROC 1976 1995 7 21st Century 1995 Mr Kung and Simon Ng Hong KongJan Erik Nilsson Bleu de Hue Fr 19th century Chinese export porcelain for the Vietnamese market See Glossary: Bleu de Hue for more information 641 Mark reads Nei Fu can be translated as Inner Court On Chinese Bleu de Hue porcelain for the Vietnamese market Mid 19th C 642 Mark reads Nei Fu can be translated as Inner Court On Chinese Bleu de Hue porcelain for the Vietnamese market Late 19th C 1276 Bowl Mark reads Nei Fu can be translated as Inner Court On Chinese Bleu de Hue porcelain for the Vietnamese market Mid 19th C 1277 Dish Chinese Bleu de Hue porcelain for the Vietnamese market 18h century Brown etched marks Continue to section 307 Chenghua Nian Zhi Chenghua Period Make Late 20th century post Cultural Revolution Cathay brand 1442 Serving platter Mark: Huatai Cathay Jingdezhen CHINA Top side decoration rim simple cloud design yunwen m shaped scrolls possible represents simplified bats same sounding as the word fu good fortune or happiness The characters in the four white panels read counter clockwise from bottom left wanshou wujiang boundless longevity Barely visible among the fu scrolls are two shou characters for longevity Modern contemporary Chinese export porcelain probably 1985 2000 Decoration occurs on porcelain from Early Republic and onwards Earlier version are hand drawn CHINA The traditional wisdom has it that between around 1890 until c 1920 all Chinese items that were to be imported into the US was required to be marked with the word CHINA as the country of origin U S Stamp Act of 1894 Quite some uncomplicated research i e searching on the Internet confirms that this was not entirely true Some were marked and some not It is also far from certain that the practice of marking porcelain with the word CHINA actually ended in the 1920 Some porcelain I have found in Singapore marked in such way the dealers have been very adamant that it dated to the 1970s From 1919 the word CHINA should have been replaced by the phrase Made in China but despite this the single word CHINA occurred on pieces made well in to the 1960 and 1970s especially if other markets than North America are considered 279 Probably c 1910 20 2 Probably 1920 1930s 296 Probably c 1910 30 66 197 199 Mid 20th century c 1950 60 205 Mid to late 20th century c 1960 or later 514 Probably c 1930 60 509 Probably c 1960 70 600 Probably c 1960 70 637 Mistake CHINA mark either genuine and then from the Guangxu Early Republic period or a mock mistake and then new My guess c 1930 Chun Lung Sang Hong Kong decorated Chun Lung Sang was a large shop in Central Hong Kong at Queen Victoria Street just opposite the Central Market That was the main shop There were other shops in Kowloon and New Territory It was first owned by Mr Li who had been around longer than anyone could remember In 1964 Mr Li sold his business then located in Shan Wan to Mr Fung Mr Young Mr Wong and Mr Kung owner of the Wa Lee Co It was then moved to Central and ran there from 1965 to 1995 376 Mark: Chun Lung Sang Ci Yi You Xian Gong Ci Tel 436140 Chun Lung Sang Porcelain Company Ltd With lead warning label In 1997 a HK Concumer Council Report was released about that some decorative porcelain with heavy lead content may damage health Labels like this seems to have been added from that time Compare also mark # 309 Click here to see large picture 436 Mark: Chun Lung Sang Possibly porcelain made in Japan with thin light shallow foot rim Entirely different from most HK decorated pieces Decorated in Hong Kong and in person dated by porcelain merchant Mr Kung Hong Kong to the 1960s while visiting his shop in 2001 Dish A Dish B Da Ya Zhai Grand Elegant Court Studio of the Greater Odes The mark Dayazhai Studio of the Greater Odes has been associated with the Dowager Empress Cixi No such hall has been identified but a wooden framed plaque has been found in the Imperial workshops bearing the characters Dayazhai and with one of two seals reading Tiandi Yijia Chun The findings was published in 2007 and according to the authors in the 12th year of Tongzhi 1873 work began on the restoration of the Summer Palace Yuanmingyuan and by 1874 the interior of the Tiandi Yijia Chun would have been in need of furnishing Rosemary Scott has suggested in 2008 that the new style Dayazhai Porcelains were not produced until the Guangxu reign and by the second year of Guangxu 4 922 porcelains were produced bearing both Dayazhai and Tiandi Yijia Chun marks As the restoration of the Yuanmingyuan had been halted for economic reasons the vessels would have been delivered to the Forbidden City The ground colour yellow is probably the rarest to find on Dayazhai ceramics because of the long established Imperial connotation of using yellow on objects and textiles associated with an Emperor or Empress Da Ya Zhai 1478 Fish bowl Mark: Da Ya Zhai Grand Elegant Court Diameter: 53 3cm 21 inch Guangxu period 430 Mark: Yong Qing Chang Chun Cerebrating Forever Endless Spring Dayazhai Grand Elegant Court Copy of porcelain made for the Empress Dowager Cixi this bowl probably from the Guangxu period Daoguang 1821 50 480 Mark: Da Qing Daoguang Nian Zhi Daoguang 1821 50 Period Make but c 1990 1037 Mark: Da Qing Daoguang Nian Zhi Qing Dynasty Daoguang period make but c 1970 90 950 Mark: Peach symbol Date: Daoguang period 1821 50 FACTORY NAMES 114 Yi Qian Tang factory name Long Nian Zhi Made in the year of the Dragon Likely to be from the 1980s 767 Yi Qian Tang factory name Long Nian Zhi Made in the year of the Dragon Likely to be from the 1980s The porcelain figure are likely to have been made in China and decorated at the Overjoy Porcelain Factory or maybe at Ah Chou Factory The owners of the 2 factories are related These two porcelain decoration factories specialized in decorating blank porcelain dinnerware and objects such as the cats flower pots vases candlesticks etc mainly for foreign expats who had moved to Hong Kong The blanks for the dinnerware came from Japan while the blanks for the other objects usually came from China There are sample patterns or customers can make up their own design or the factories will also copy any pattern the customer prefers They were proud of the fact that the enamels for decorating their wares all came from Germany thus were safe vis a vis food consumption unlike some of the dinnerware from China The blue that is painted on this cat is the standard dark non cobalt blue that they used and still do use If one wanted they also had a lighter cobalt blue Info submitted by: Sarah Parnell 2003 Click here to see large picture 113 Mark: Yi Xing Long factory name Zhu made on Fencai enamels Flask dated 1909 Click here to see large picture 141 Yong Ge Cai Zhung Yong Ge Enamels Factory 20th century Click here to see large picture 324 Mark: Yong Mao Yuan Ji Yong Mao Yuan name Company Possibly a late Qing Porcelain Factory This mark could still be late 20th C 325 Mark: Jin Tang Fu Ji Jin Tong Fu name Company Possibly a late Qing Porcelain Factory This mark could still be late 20th C 327 Mark: Bao Zhu Li Ji Bao Zhu Li name Company Possibly late 20th C 333 Mark: Shun Li Kun Ji Shun Li Kun Company Shun Li = smooth easy Kun is a single word name Ji = company Late 19th early 20th century before 1920 Click here to see large picture 294 Mark: Cao Kun Chang Zao Cao Kun Chang Company Made Mark is of good quality but rubber stamped Coral red bowl with incised dragon 1910 30 187 Mark: Mo Rong Chang Zao Mo Rong Chang Company Made Mark on modern Chinese porcelain spoon 159 Mark: Zhang Sen Han Company Zao Made 1960s decorated in Hong Kong? 386 Mark: Luo Fa Tai Zao Luo Fa Tai Factory Made Probably 1950s 319 Mark: Guang Lee Chang Hui Guang Lee Factory Painted 1960 Decorated in Hong Kong Date by Mr Kung porcelain merchant in Hong Kong Click here to see large picture 392 Mark: Yi Xing Cai Ci Yi Xing Company Enamel Porcelains Tentative date 1980 or later 1290 Mark: Zhui Shi Cai Ci Zhui Shi Company Enamel Porcelain Tentative date 1950s or earlier Click here to see large picture 395 Mark: Xu Qian Shi Ci The three first characters Xu Qian Shi are a name and the forth Qi means just porcelain Modern mark last decades of the 20th century 570 Mark: Diao Yu Tai Guo Bin Guan and Tao Ci Yan Jiu Suo Diao Yu Tai is where all the foreign important people are treated and met Guo Bin Guan means State Guests Lodge and Tao Ci Yan Jiu Suo means Ceramics Research Institute Dated 1962 Click here to see large picture 428 Mark: Jiangxi Sheng Jingdezhen Shi Gong Yi Mei Shu Ge Zuo Gong Chang Jiangxi Province Jingdezhen City Arts and Crafts Cooperative Factory mid 1950s This mark belongs to a period when private kilns at Jingdezhen were organized as cooperatives The cooperative movement at Jingdezhen began in late 1952 continuing into 1956 maybe into 1957 In this mark the name for cooperative he zuo she is abbreviated to he zuo The character for factory chang is not yet simplified as it would be with the introduction of simplified characters in 1956 Information courtesy of Freda Murck Beijing 2004 Click here to see large picture Guangdong Gong Yi Canton Art 119 Guangdong Gong Yi Canton Art on bowl with Rose Mandarin decoration supplemented with sticker saying decorated in Macau Mid 20th century The sticker might have been applied for the purpose of avoiding tax since it actually are a sticker and not stamp and the whole thing might be from Canton anyway Guangdong Qi Chang Guangdong Canton Porcelain Factory 38 Mark: Guangdong Qi Chang Guangdong Canton Porcelain Factory Mid second half 20th century 1498 Mark: Guangdong Qi Chang Guangdong Canton Porcelain Factory Cup with handle traditional rose mandarin decoration with stamped outlines Mid second half 20th century meaning probably around 1960s to 70s Could possibly have been decorated in Hong Kong Guangxu Nian Zao 1875 1908 408 Guangxu Nian Zao 1875 1908 Export quality genuine mark and of the period dated 1887 Qiangjing enamels text on the sides reads Painted by Li Yan Qing in 1887 Text scan 1 Text scan 2 Text scan 3 285 Guangxu Nian Zao 1875 1908 Export quality genuine mark and of the period probably last decades of the 19th century 194 209 Stamped mark: Da Qing Guangxu Nian Zhi Guangxu period 1875 1908 made with CHINA export mark 20th century 585 Mark: Da Qing Guangxu Nian Zhi Guangxu period 1875 1908 made Second quarter of the 20th century Click here to see large picture 630 Dated in the inscription Republic 23rd year March Lin Dong made in Nanchong Mark: Da Qing Guangxu Nian Zhi Guangxu period 1875 1908 made but dated in the inscription to 1934 Click here to see large picture 381 Mark: Da Qing Guangxu Nian Zhi Guangxu period 1875 1908 made Late 20th century? 763 Guang Xu Qing Yu Tang Cang From the Guangxu Collection of the Hall for Celebrating Surplus or hall of celebrating bounteous harvest Date uncertain Click here to see large picture 1322 Footed bowl Mark: Da Qing Guangxu Nian Zhi 1875 1908 Peoples ware Iron red stamped seal script mark Probably Guangxu period Click here to see large picture 1364 Dish Mark: Da Qing Guangxu Nian Zhi 1875 1908 Peoples ware Iron red stamped seal script mark Probably Guangxu period Click here to see large picture 1415 Small vase w elephant handles Mark: Iron red stamped seal mark Guangxu Nian Zhi 1875 1908 Decoration signed by Xu Pinheng On the opposite side a verse Date c 1895 Click here to see large picture Guan yao nei zao Imperial Kiln for Inner Palace 671 Three lobed bowl with calligraphy in dull black enamel Flowers dancing in the breeze Spring arrives birds find their tunes dated 1892 Red base mark Guan yao nei zao Imperial Kiln for Inner Palace same as #660 dated 1903 Click here to see large picture 686 Bowl Red base mark Guan yao nei zao Imperial Kiln for Inner Palace Dated mid summer 1895 Inscription reads Shi Zai at the time of Yi Wei matching year 1895 Zhong Qiu mid summer Qing Shu Artist name 660 Small vase with elephant handles with long trunks Calligraphy in dull black enamel dated 1903 The yellow bird is probably The Great Spring Scholar which singing signals the arrival of Spring Red base mark Guan yao nei zao Imperial Kiln for Inner Palace same as #671 1155 Six sided hatstand with six medallion shaped openings Decorated with bird and flowers on one side and a landsscape on the other side Later qianjiang style Red base mark Guan Yao Nei Zao meaning Imperial Kiln for Inner Palace Mark occurs in between c 1890 to 1903 Halls Buyers names 562 Shi Jin Tang Zhi Shi means generations Jin means glory forever glories? Probably early Republic c 1910 30 288 Xushenfang Zhi Xu Shen Estate Ordered made to order by Xu Shen House Probably early Republic c 1920 440 Plate says: Ru Yi Ji Xiang common greetings Mark says : Gui Fang Chun Guan where Gui gather Fang fragrant could be a girls name Chun is spring young tender joy and Guan is an inn or a lodge Tentative translations Gui Fangs maiden lodge or The Spring Manse of Gathered Scents Possibly Daoguang 1821 1850 period Click here to see large picture 291 Guyue Xuan Mark on Chinese Snuff Bottle Glass 20th century Since this is a modern piece the details on the Guyue Xuan will be dealt with at some other time and place To summarize Guyue Xuan might be a Qing Court room but no evidence has been established Some have it it was made by a master potter of the Qing Court named Wu as Gu Yue put together becomes Wu which is a common surname Some are satisfied by Guyue Xuan as a referral to a particular enamels decoration Click here to see large picture 292 Mark: Da Xiong Bao Dian The hall of great elegance Litt : Great Mighty Holy Temple Mid to late 20th century date Buddhist temples are made up of several buildings of which any central temple would have this name displayed right across at the top center See also # 305 286 Mark: Yi Xiang Yuan Joy Beauty Garden Paradise of Joy and Beauty Mark on Chinese porcelain erotic cup 1970 or later 284 Transformed style of seal mark hard to make out the meaning but could be Hall of Hundred Tortoises It is 20th century and could quite possibly be a Japanese mark imitating a Chinese The cut off corners of the double framed seal is a significant feature which the painter seems to be unaware of 323 Re Shen Zhen Cang Re Shen name Precious Treasure This mark is found on a large group of blue & white porcelain The mark first appeared in the Kangxi period and became popular in the Late Qing to the Early Republic period 1900 1950 Widely used in modern replicas Hong Kong Decorated in written in Western characters Since adding enameled decoration on white porcelain is a small scale business that could be set up anywhere with very little capital porcelain decorators probably moved from Canton to Hong Kong to set up shop there immediately by the time of its founding in the 19th century The Hong Kong porcelain trade hit its peak in the 1960s with just over a hundred workshops in the Territory only At this time the demand for Hong Kong decorated porcelain forced the workshops to also import white porcelain from Japan to be decorated in Hong Kong Some trading agents specifically ordered plain porcelain from Japan The quality and price appears to have been the same as the Chinese The porcelain trade thrived until the 1970s when trade stocks and shares and the whole city began to take off in mid 80s gradually making the HK properties the most expensive in the world At this time porcelain trading who requires large shop areas was gradually pushed out of the game Under this headline we will try collect all marks used by the Hong Kong enameling workshops 368 Stanley Hand Decorated in Hong Kong Mid 20th century 56 W S L DECORATED IN HONG KONG 179 Decorated in Hong Kong mark on modern porcelain spoon 272 Decorated in Hong Kong mark on porcelain dish dated by Mr Kung porcelain merchant in Hong Kong to 1960 Two dishes and marks # 272 and # 273 1511 Decorated in Hong Kong mark on porcelain dish and lotus shaped cup Tentatively 1960 80s 143 W B I MADE IN CHINA Appears to be a Canton or Hong Kong enameled vase Early to mid 20th century 146 Y T Decorated in Hong Kong Modern Rose Medallion plate Late 20th century 924 Mark: Y T Decorated in Hong Kong Modern Rose Medallion plate Late 20th century 262 Mark: Hong Kong Wing Suen Lung Added Enamels Wing Suen Lung Factory was owned by Mr Seto in Sai Wan Ho East part of HK island in the 1950s Mr Seto ceased the business and immigrated to Canada in 1965 Date c 1960 712 Mark: AFC Decorated in Hong Kong Date: Fourth quarter of 20th century 1395 Dish Printed mark in good quality: ACF Japanese Porcelain Ware Decorated in Hong Kong Date: Most likely around 1970 1460 Dish Printed mark in good quality: ACF Japanese Porcelain Ware Decorated in Hong Kong Date: Most likely around 1970 Hong Kong Decorated in on Japanese Porcelain 264 The plate imported from Japan Enamels added in Hong Kong CLS is the Export company or the trading agent company 1960 1256 Vase blank imported from Japan with its enamels added in Hong Kong c 1960 70 Hong Kong Made in 1288 Made in Hong Kong According to family history this was ordered from China in the early 1950s Hongxian Nian Zhi 1916 This mark should if correct date to the year 1916 when Yuan Shikai made himself the Emperor of China after the Qing Dynasty was overthrown by Dr Sun Yat Sen in 1911 His Empire was soon ended in March 1916 and his period lasted less than 100 days The 20 November 1915 Yuan held a political convention which endorsed monarchy By 12 December he proclaimed his reign as Emperor of the Chinese Empire under the era name of Hongxian i e Constitutional Abundance to begin on 1 January 1916 Due to massive opposition funding for the ceremony was cut on March 1st and he abandoned monarchism on March 22 after which he eventually died humiliated on the 5th of June It is my opinion that none of these marks actually dates to the Hongxian period but probably not earlier than the 1930s 100 Hongxian Nian Zhi Hongxian Period Make The mark probably from the 1930s Hua Ping Tang Zhi Hua Ping Hall Make Non typical Chinese ware with thinly applied enamels Similar to the WL1895 wares and also to the Hong Kong manufacturer United Wilson All pieces with marks of this kind appears to date to the last quarter of the 20th century 769 Mark: Hua Ping Tang Zhi Hua China Magnificent Ping even level democratic or a surname Tang Hall Zhi made Submitted picture very small but if the enamels are very thin the decoration is probably printed and the tureen should date to 1975 2000 605 Date: Probably 1970 or later Click here to see large picture 926 Date: Probably 1970 or later 1094 Date: Probably 1970 or later 1472 Date: Probably 1970 or later Impressed Fujian Club Fu Jin Hui Guan ???? The Fujuan Club or possibly the Fujian Guild was a workshop where workers from Fujian assembled They were skilled in modeling figures and some rose to great fame One of these was You Chang Zi 1874 1922 He was born in Fujian came to Jingdezhen in around 1913 worked in Fujian Club for about nine years until he passed away in 1922 at the age of only 48 He was widely recognized the best porcelain sculptor in Jingdezhen at the time According to local oral history You Chang Zi liked to give his figures a face in the image of himself The quality of the figure and its sculptural value should be considered first before paying any attention to the mark since these have been widely copied and added to very common wares as a part of the decoration 1243 Figure with enamel decoration Date: probably third quarter of the 20th century Click here to see large picture 195 Figure Mark: Fu Jin Hui Guan Fujian Club You Chang Zi Zao You Chang Zi Made The mark is sought after but appears to have been widely copied This mark could possibly be correct Impressed marks 1468 Mark: Jiangxi province You Long Sheng shop name Jing de zheng town 579 South Chinese Shekwan Shiwan mid to late 20th century 1464 Chinese figures two of The Eight Daoist Taoist Immortals Ba xian He Xiangu and Lan Caihe mid to late 20th century Mark CHINA and a factory name Text written from right to left Tentative date mid to late 20th century 787 Mark: Guan Imperial Modern Longquan Celadon ware probably year 2000 or later Similar mark is also found on white wares with blue and red decoration inside the porcelain Also modern ware 127 Hua Shan were Shan=mountain Hua Shan is a well known mountain renown for its beautiful pine trees and breath taking scenery in Shaanxi Province Here probably used as a brand or factory name Late 20th century Click here to see large picture 709 Mark: He Yu He Jade Shiwan pottery candlestick The mark and tidy round hole in the base points at a mid 20th century date 434 Mark: Pottery Studio Home Modern made in Taiwan? 371 Possibly an effort to copy a Wang Bing Rong mark 112 Wang Bing Rong Zhi Wang Bing Rong Made Mark probably early to mid 20th century 280 Wang Bing Rong Zuo Wang Bing Rong Made Note the use of Zuo created rather than the more profane Zhi made Mark probably from mid 20th century 125 Wang Bing Rong Zuo Wang Bing Rong Made a notable potter specializing in porcelain with carved decoration almost like ivory carvings active in Tongzhi to Guangxu period 1862 1908 Note the use of Zuo created rather than the more profane Zhi made Mark from the period 256 Nie Mu Hua Zao Nie Mu Hua Made Probably mid 20th century mark looks pre cultural revolution in style 105 106 Yu Sang Sing factory name Zuo made For 18th early 20th century factory marks; very often the factory was named after the founder Yu Sang Sing was most likely founded by Yu Sang Sing This mark is combined with an impressed CHINA mark on the base of an enameled Phoenix bird Second quarter of the 20th century 321 Vase Peking glass with lid Mark: Daoguang Nian Zhi Daoguang 1821 50 Period Make but probably 1910 30 76 Zhu Mao Ji Zuo Zhu Mao Company Ji = Company Made A character by the left side of Zhu Mao Ji Zuo looks like Jin Zhen probably Jingdezhen Molded figure probably Guangxu period or slightly later For 18th early 20th century factory marks; very often the factory was named after the founder Zhu Mao Ji was most likely founded by Zhu Mao Click here to see large picture 391 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Meaning: Great Qing Qianlong Period Make Probably late 19th early 20th century 705 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Great Qing Dynasty Qianlong Period Made 577 Wai Ming Hong Kong Late 20th C 766 744 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi Jiangxi Porcelain company was the largest porcelain factory in Jingdezhen during the first half of the 20th century and in general felt being the organization that replaced and absorbed much of the talent and resources from the Imperial porcelain factory when it fell in abandonment after the fall of the Qing dynasty It was established in 1910 and eventually nationalized and its name changed to Jianguo Cichang in 1949 169 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi Jiangxi Porcelain company The most important factory in Jingdezhen Established in 1910 nationalized and its name changed to Jianguo Cichang in 1949 This mark probably somehow related to #158 308 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi Jiangxi Porcelain company Early to mid 20th C ? Jiangxi Jingdezhen Chu Pin Jiangxi Jingdezhen Production 216 Mark: Jiangxi Jingdezhen Chu Pin Jiangxi Jingdezhen Production Jiangxi Jingdezhen Min Ci Jiangxi Jingdezhen Reputable Porcelain 437 Jiangxi Jingdezhen Min Ci Jiangxi Jingdezhen Reputable Porcelain The mark says Jiangxi but according to HK porcelain dealer Mr Kong this is painted in HK Style and enamels do looks HK Note absence of factory # Jiangxi Jingdezhen Min Ci # Jiangxi Jingdezhen Reputable Porcelain Factory # MORE 213 Jiangxi Jingdezhen Min Ci Jiangxi Jingdezhen Reputable Porcelain Factory # 1 Jiangxi Jingdezhen Min Ci # Hao Cai Jiangxi Jingdezhen Reputable Porcelain # enamel pattern 438 1 b Jiangxi Jingdezhen Min Ci 3 Hao Cai Jiangxi Jingdezhen Reputable Porcelain # 2 Enamel Pattern and same Pattern # 3 Strangely enough the pattern # are different but the bowls are identical Early Peoples Republic period 1949 1966 probably 1960s Click here to see large picture 211 Mark: Jiangxi Jingdezhen Min Ci 3 Hao Cai Jiangxi Jingdezhen Reputable Porcelain No 6 enamel pattern Early Peoples Republic period 1949 1966 probably 1960s 162 Mark: Jiangxi Jingdezhen Min Ci 6 Hao Cai Jiangxi Jingdezhen Reputable Porcelain No 6 enamel pattern Early Peoples Republic period 1949 1966 probably 1960s 337 Mark: Jiangxi Jingdezhen Min Ci 8 Hao Cai Jiangxi Jingdezhen Reputable Porcelain No 8 enamel pattern Early Peoples Republic period 1949 1966 probably 1960s Click here to see large picture Jiaqing Nian Zhi Da Qing Mark referring to the Qing dynasty Jiaqing period 1796 1820 but is later During the 1960s to 70s this was a common mark on porelain made in China but decorated in Macao or Hong Kong 760 Mark: Da Qing Jiaqing Nian Zhi Great Qing Jiaqing period 1796 1820 made Inside the neck a sticker saying Made in Hong Kong Tentative date c 1960 70s Beside that the sticker indicates Hong Kong this mark seems to be uniquely connected to Macau See also Macau Style marks Click here to see large picture 251 Mark: Da Qing Jiaqing Nian Zhi Great Qing Jiaqing period 1796 1820 made but probably mid to late 20th century 593 Mark: Da Qing Jiaqing Nian Zhi Great Qing Jiaqing period 1796 1820 made but c 1980 90 Click here to see large picture Jingdezhen Ci Ye Gong Si Chu Pin Jingdezhen Porcelain Company Production 158 Mark: Jingdezhen Ci Ye Gong Si Chu Pin Jingdezhen Porcelain Company Production Mark probably somehow related to # 169 Jingdezhen Zhi Jingdezhen Make 8 Mark: Jingdezhen Zhi meaning: Jingdezhen Make Tentative date: Second half of 20th century 111 Mark: Jingdezhen Zhi meaning: Jingdezhen Make Date: c 1950 252 Mark: Jingdezhen Zhi meaning: Jingdezhen Make Date: c 1995 92 Mark: Jingdezhen Zhi meaning: Jingdezhen Make Date: 1950 70 ? 96 Mark: Jingdezhen Zhi meaning: Jingdezhen Make Date: c 1970 122 Mark: Jingdezhen Zhi meaning: Jingdezhen Make Date: acquired new in Jingdezhen 1992 Underglaze blue and white eggshell bowl 878 Mark: Jingdezhen Zhi meaning: Jingdezhen Make Date: 1950 or later 1101 Mark: Jingdezhen Zhi meaning: Jingdezhen Make The characters are written in traditional Chinese and perhaps infer for this reason the piece is older than the mid 50s but traditional characters are often used in mainland China for shop names invitations calligraphy etc Date: Contemporary Jiujiang Chan Yucheng You Zao You short for youxian gongsi meaning ltd or inc 1431 Mark: Jiujiang Chan Yucheng You Zao You short for youxian gongsi meaning ltd or inc Date: Style of decoration consitent with a date around 1912 Click here to see large picture Jurentang Research indicates that Juren Tang in Zhongnanhai was the building where Yuan Shikai lived and where he had his office around 1915 Guo Baochang an antique dealer with a good relation to the court was appointed to arrange for imperial Hongxian wares being made in 1916 What really came out of this is still debated One opinion is that no pieces bearing the Hongxian mark is of the period the only possibly genuine mark of the period being Jurentang if any 418 Jurentang mark Republic period Family tradition has it that this vase was originally made for an imperial or high level government official The vase could be traced back in the family to mid 1920s mid 1940s Click here to see large picture 328 Jurentang 1980 or later 329 Jurentang mark 1960 or later Interestingly enough the front page of the plate seems to be from 1900 1920 while the foot rim and the flowers scrolls on the back side of the dish gives it away as 1960s or later too Click here to see large picture Kangxi For genuine marks of the period see Qing dynasty page Kangxi marks are by far the richest group compared to all other period marks Many also consider Kangxi porcelain the peak of Chinese porcelain and some Kangxi fakes are the most difficult of all to tell Genuine marks from the period: During most of the Kangxi reign the emperors mark was not allowed to be used so other symbols or frequently the nian hao of the Ming emperor Chenghuas period took its place There could also be used just two empty circles with no mark within or even no mark at all or 4 character hallmarks or other symbols or marks of commendation Late in the period the order was rescinded and a 6 character reign mark was permitted The only time a Kangxi Imperial mark appeared without the circles was on the peach bloom wares and certain other scholars table items and it is almost always 6 characters written either in two horizontal lines or two vertical columns Some Imperial pieces decorated at the Palace Workshops that were made late in the reign had a four character reign mark but they are always enclosed by a double square and are almost always written in over glaze blue enamel Copies and later marks: As a general rule all four character Kangxi Nian Zhi marks written inside double circles or without circles are from the end of the 19th century or later Items made in the manner of or style of Kangxi in the 19th C many times do have four character reign marks This makes it easy to tell at a glance in most cases whether the piece is really from the Kangxi period or not Some of these pieces are very close in style to the originals but if you compare them to genuine Kangxi wares the paste glaze footrim and the blue is different Crude attempts to mimic Imperial marks are sometimes found on minyao wares but generally this is not the case on export wares as most bear no marks Red four character Kangxi Nian Zhi marks within a square becomes particularly popular during the 1970s 572 Kangxi Nian Zhi Kangxi Period Make C 1900 1910 Click here to see large picture 401 Kangxi Nian Zuo Kangxi Period Make Early 20th Century 336 Kangxi Nian Zhi Kangxi Period Make c 1920 Click here to see large picture 797 Kangxi Nian Zhi Kangxi Period Make Early 20th century c 1920 Click here to see large picture 675 Mark: Kangxi Nian Zhi Kangxi Period Make but c 1880 Click here to see large picture 732 Mark: Kangxi Nian Zhi Kangxi Period Make but c 1900 Click here to see large picture 676 Mark: Kangxi Nian Zhi Kangxi Period Make but from the Guangxu period c 1890 Click here to see large picture 90 Kangxi Nian Zhi Kangxi Period Make 332 Kangxi Nian Zhi Kangxi Period Make 1960s Decorated in Hong Kong Date by Mr Kung porcelain merchant in Hong Kong Click here to see large picture 273 Kangxi Nian Zhi Kangxi Period Make c 1960 Decorated in Hong Kong Date by Mr Kung porcelain merchant in Hong Kong Click this to see a large picture of two dishes and marks # 272 and # 273 259 Kangxi Nian Zhi Kangxi Period Make c 1970 Decorated in Hong Kong Date by Mr Kung porcelain merchant in Hong Kong Click here to see large picture 331 Kangxi Nian Zhi Kangxi Period Make 1960s This dish is decorated in Hong Kong and the date suggested by Mr Kung porcelain merchant in Hong Kong The line ABRIGADO EM MACAO Greetings From Macau mark could be a tax or export consideration 412 Lidded Jar Kangxi Yu Zhi Made to the order of the Emperor Kangxi Late 20th century 695 Kangxi Nian Zhi Kangxi Period Make probably c 1960s 571 Mark: Da Qing Kangxi Nian Zhi Great Qing dynasty Kangxi Period Make 20th century 816 Mark: Da Qing Kangxi Nian Zhi Great Qing dynasty Kangxi Period Make Probably 1890 1910 780 Mark: Da Qing Kangxi Nian Zhi Great Qing dynasty Kangxi Period Make Mark with typical hollow line Date probably first decades of the 20th century 1900 1930 1235 Mark: Da Qing Kangxi Nian Zhi Great Qing dynasty Kangxi Period Make Probably after Cultural Revolution second half 20th century 322 Kangxi Nian Zhi Kangxi Period Make Mid 19th century to possibly early 20th century 1221 Tea canister mark: Kangxi Nian Zhi Kangxi Period Make Date: Mid 20th century 1376 Ginger jar with traditional prunus plum blossom decoration Mark: Kangxi Nian Zhi Kangxi Period Make Date: Mid 20th century before 1975 and then probably also before the Cultural Revolution 1965 75 Liling Henan province Qing dynasty kiln area in Henan Pioneered underglaze polychrome decoration with Japanese help in the first decades of the 20th century Modernized in 1908 and active as Hunan Porcelain Company until 1930 when it closed In 1956 production was resumed under Liling Porcelain Company 1500 Liling Porcelain Company Modern Liling folks ware from the second half of the 20th century ca 1980 Made in China From 1919 CHINA was to be replaced by Made in China on all Chinese export to the US Even if CHINA continued to be used for a long time we can still assume that no marks with the full text Made in China is from before 1919 and more likely to be from the second WW or later 1465 Mid 20th century 1930s to 1960s 494 Late 20th century Tentative date 1980s 290 Mid 20th century probably 1960s 631 Dated in the inscription to 1936 Mark: Made in China Click here to see large picture 1105 Mark: Made in China tentative date 1930s possible slightly before WWII Click here to see large picture 560 Mark: Hand painted decoration Made in China Probably 1960s 442 Mark: Hand painted Made in China Mid 20 century probably 1960s or later 3 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make Export seal mark MADE IN CHINA In the smudged area between MA DE IN CHINA and the seal mark there seems to be the beginning of Zhongguo Jingdezhen China? which would indicate a date from the 1950s until present Mid 20th century Made in China 1547 Mark: Made in China belove Zhongguo Zhi Zao meaning the same Tentative date last few decades of the 20th century Decoration is Rose Medallion Butterfly export pattern 168 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make Da Qing omitted Tentative date: Early Peoples Republic period 1949 1966 probably 1950s Ming Marks including the character or a period but from Qing or later Go to MING PERIOD MARKS HERE All marks in this section are somehow referring to the Ming dynasty They are with no exceptions from after the Ming dynasty and up until today in some cases Real MING marks that actually are of the period plus a type chart is available here 107 Mark: Da Ming Chenghua Nian Zhi Great Ming Chenghua Period Make Late 19th century probably around 1860s 673 Mark: Chenghua Nian Zhi Chenghua Period Make Probably Guangxu 1875 1908 period Click here to see large picture 275 Mark: Chenghua Nian Zhi Chenghua Period Make Probably second half of 19th century Kangxi revival period Click here to see large picture 532 Mark: Chenghua Nian Zhi Before 1910 probably Guangxu period 1875 1908 Click here to see large picture 396 Mark: Xuande Nian Zhi Xuande Period Make Second quarter 20th Century 301 Mark: Da Ming Chenghua Nian Zhi Ming Dynasty Chenghua Period Make This is possibly from the 1990s After Simon Kwans exhibition of 20th century high quality porcelain even late pieces were imitated and this might be one of them Click here to see large picture 1349 Mark: Da Ming Chenghua Nian Zhi Ming Dynasty Chenghua Period Make Mark appears to actually be printed date probably contemporary Click here to see large picture 625 Mark: Yongle Nian Zhi Yongle Period Make but modern c 1990s The bowl possibly made in Thailand 773 Mark: Yongle Nian Zhi Yongle Period Make but modern c 1990s The bowl possibly made in Thailand Click here to see large picture 383 Mark: Yong Le Nian Zhi Yongle Period Make 265 Mark: Yongle Nian Zhi Yongle Period Make Mid 20th Century The bowl surprisingly comfortable to drink tea out of 300 Mark: Da Ming Chenghua Nian Zhi Probably last quarter of 20th century 491 Mark: Da Ming Chenghua Nian Zhi but probably 1990s 492 Mark: Da Ming Nian Zhu Great Ming Period Make Modern ? Click here to see large picture 496 Mark: Da Ming Jiajing Nian Zhu Great Ming Jiajing 1522 1566 Period Make Modern Click here to see large picture 372 Mark: Chongzhen Nian Zhi Chongzhen 1628 44 Period Make The mark appears as written by somebody who do not know Chinese even if the Nian character is good Uncertain date Nanjing Road Shanghai 208 Mark: Nanjing Road famous business street in Shanghai was at the height of its glory 1928 1938 PIN ? Precious Product 400 Bowl with rice grain decoration Mark: Zhonghua Zhen Pin China Precious Product Early 20th Century 1184 Mark: Zhonghua Zhen Pin ?? China Precious Product Early 20th Century 426 Base: Daxin Zhen Pin Daxin Precious product Inside: Daxin Gongsi Daxin Department Store Huan Qiu Shi Pin Global Food Product Daxin Department Store was one of the biggest and most prestigious department stores at the time like Harrods and Selfridges of London with shop in I believe in Shanghai HK and Singapore Large department stores in Shanghai were first established by foreign investors After 1916 local companies established successively four department stores at Nanjing Lu Wings Sincere Xin Xin and Daxin each of which covered an area over ten thousand square meters The stores strove to compete with one another by enhancing both quantity and quality of commodity services and facilities A new style of consumption was thus formed Shopping or window shopping on weekends became a popular life style in the city Around year 2000 Daxin now Number One Department Store was the largest department store in China Click here to see large picture 508 Mark: Jiangxi Sincere Chu Pin Jiangxi Sincere Production 2nd Quarter 20th C The first official Hong Kong Schools Sports Day was held on 29th Nov 1933 In the prize donation inventory it was recorded three of the Four Super Department Stores had made a contribution They were Sincere Da Xin Zhonghua Bai Huo The remaining company is likely to be Wing On Source: HK Central Roads and Streets History Joint Publishing HK Co Ltd 1989 518 Mark: Mao Yuan Chu Pin Mao Yuan product where Mao Yuan is the artist s name Possibly 1940 50s The additional characters on the bowl are horizontal from right : Guan Jia Yi Pin Official Title increased by one rank Vertical: Jiangxi surname Mao Yuan Ke Jiangxi Province surname Mao Yuan Guest As for the Ke = guest many porcelain painters tried to make a living in Jiangxi during the Republic period they came from other provinces and hoped they did not have to stay too long They liked to address themselves as Guest Artists showing their home coming desire 384 Qiang Yi Tong Zhen Cang Pin Qiang Yi Hall Precious Treasure 130 Yu Yao Zhen Pin Imperial Kiln Precious Products For reference Zhen appeared in #116 Pin appeared in #68 68 Jiangxi Wan Yi Fa Chu Pin Jiangxi Province Products Wan Yee Fa Company Mid 20th century 330 Jiangxi Min Zheng Xing Chu Pin Jiangxi Province Min Zheng Xing name Products Nanchang Second quarter of 20th c before 1949 This mark was used by Mr Min Zheng Xing name in his porcelain shop in Nanchang Jiangxi province At this time the Wa Lee Factory was still in Nanchang In 1947 the Wa Lee Factory moved to Canton near the end of the Yi De Road and in 1949 moved on to Hong Kong Meanwhile Min Zheng Xing remained in Jiangxi Around 1951 to 1952 Min Zheng Xing who also was an accomplished porcelain painter travelled to HK once trying to sell his Nanchang factory porcelains Mr Kung treated him and took him around but with little success since the times were difficult in HK too Source: Simon Ng interview w Mr Kung HK 2001 Click here to see large picture 429 Mark: Jiangxi Xia Yong Xing Chu Pin Jiangxi Xia Yong Xing Production QING DYNASTY TYPE CHART QING DYNASTY PERIOD MARKS AVAILABLE HERE The best way to organize Qing dynasty seems for now to be by style Seal marks are in the style of a seal and not difficult to tell Song marks are in a hand written form and in Songs style of writing then there is Ming Qing Republic modern and after Cultural Revolution style of writings etc this is a most specialized and difficult subject and no books has as far as we know dared to touch on this yet but being a true Viking Ill go about doing this soon with the help of my Chinese speaking friends who often can read even the most obscure renderings Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make Qianlong or Lasting Eminence is the name of the reigning period 1736 1795 of the Chinese Emperor whose name was actually Hongli The reign mark nian hao of this period has been drawn on porcelain ever since up until today Later porcelain with this mark are often called fakes however the occurrence of this mark on later porcelain is most of the time seen as part of the decoration and not to be taken serious This practise of applying stamped four character Qianlong Nian Zhi marks was especially common on porcelain decorated in Hong Kong during the 1960s and 70s but is in no way limited to this period In the following mark the two characters that gives the name of the dynasty Da Qing Great Qing is omitted which is a common feature of marks that is not of the actual period The following marks are in zhuanshu archaic seal script which technically speaking is a drawing and not hand writing None of the following marks are of the Qianlong period despite that they say so See comments next to each individual mark for an approximate date 193 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make Stamped seal mark Mid 20th century 339 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make Modern mark after 1960 420 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make Early to mid 20th century 521 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong 1736 1795 Period Make Seemingly authentic Straits Chinese market porcelain Click here to see large picture 254 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Ca 1990 95 248 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make 1497 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong 1736 1795 Period Make Extremely fragile Jingdezhen eggshell ware from around 1990 Outlines of the decoration are stamped and manually filled in with colored enamels Usually young women was doing this kind of work Each bowl did not take many seconds to decorate Price after negotiations directly at the night market in Jingdezhen was about 5 yuan each c:a US $ 0 50 The drawback was that they were nigh impossible to transport due to their fragility Being the thickness of lamp bulb glass the temptation was irresistible to stack them 20 at a time in oblong boxes intended for vases upon which they arrived as that much porcelain confetti Only way was to give them one box each which of course added to the cost JEN 1991 Click here to see large picture Following marks are in Kaishu normal script style This is the present day regular script which has been in existence now for almost 2000 years As opposed to seal script which is drawing this is hand writing None of the following marks are of the Qianlong period despite that they say so See comments next to each individual mark for an approximate date 1394 Mark: Qianlong yuzhi Qianlong Period Made tentative date Early Republic c 1930 260 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Made 1970 Decorated in Hong Kong Date by Mr Kung porcelain merchant in Hong Kong 335 Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period 1736 1795 Make From the realistic look of the decoration despite the small scale of the available picture I would like to suggest a date to around 1950s on this piece 1089 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period 1736 1795 Make early second half of 20th century The crisp and slightly naïf style of the decoration is charateristic of the period immediately before the cultural revolution Click here to see large picture 1377 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period 1736 1795 Make The crisp and slightly naïf style of the decoration is characteristic of the period before the cultural revolution that started in 1965 The use of black and orange rust colored enamels is very typical of the very last years of the 1940s Date: Mid 20th century Click here to see large picture 414 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make Due to the shaky lines in the decoration I would like to suggest a date on this vase to around the 1970s or later Click here to see large picture 1372 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make Japanese moriage decoration imitation Suggested date; 1990s or later Click here to see large picture 1073 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make Second half of 20th century Due to the shaky lines in the decoration I would even like to suggest a date on this vase to around the 1970s or later Click here to see large picture 1518 Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make Seal mark in raised blue enamels 20th century tentative date mid 1940s Click here to see large picture 311 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi C 1990 95 253 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi c 1990 95 304 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make Stamped export seal mark with MADE IN CHINA The poisonious glaze warning label seems to indicate a date after 1970 315 Qianlong Nian Zhi Close resemblance to mark # 314 enamels added in Hong Kong 1960 by Wa Lee Company Click here to see large picture 316 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Enamels added in Hong Kong 1960 by Wa Lee Company Click here to see large picture 320 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Enamels added in Hong Kong 1960 by Wa Lee Company Click here to see large picture 318 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Enamels added in Hong Kong 1960 by Wa Lee Company Click here to see large picture 422 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make 255 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make 198 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make 132 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make Probably early 20th century 87 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make The special calligraphy of this mark should be compared to # 134 115 and 263 For the time being I would like to suggest that this mark is a Hong Kong mark from the 1960s 397 Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make Mid 20th Century 405 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make Late 20th century Click here to see large picture Bowl Qianlong Nian ZhiSpoon Qianlong Nian Zhi 1482 Bowl and 1481 Spoon Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make According to family documents this set was taken out of China just prior to 1949 Good quality decoration with hand drawn outlines and decoration in opaque famille rose enamels The inside of the bowl is plain white exactly the same as the bottom of the spoon a very few flecks of brown Tentative date are the 1940s not later than 1949 Click here to see large picture Qianlong Nian Zhi Da Qing Qianlong Period Make Great Qing Dynasty These six character marks follow the traditional way of drawing seal marks in archaic seal script zhuanshu from the Qianlong period 1736 1795 The manner is a drawing more like an engraving rather than actual hand writing None of the following marks are of the Qianlong period despite that they say so See comments next to each individual mark for an approximate date 261 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Great Qing Dynasty Qianlong Period Made 1970 Decorated in Hong Kong Date by Mr Kung porcelain merchant in Hong Kong 340 Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make Modern mark after 1960 247 Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Great Qing Qianlong Period Make Tentative period 1950 75 419 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Great Qing Qianlong Period Make Mid 20th Century Marks with this wide frame is likely to be from after the 1960s and should be compared to the Macau style marks Click here to see large picture 602 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Date 1940s before 1949 Cf HA van Oort pp 165 167 Click here to see large picture 373 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Great Qing Qianlong Period Make Porcelain with this hard color scheme seems to be contemporary with the influence from Russia in the 1950s Note the black top rim ruyi border cf #261 1970 and #501 1966 76 Early Peoples Republic period 1949 1966 65 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Blue and white chinese export porcelain replica emulation Note the crackled glaze Late 20th early 21th century 1030 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Chinese emperor Qianlong period make but unfortunately not of the period It is a Chinese new decorative ware not older than the 1970s 85 Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Great Qing Qianlong Period Make Probably 20th century 339 Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make Modern mark after 1960 340 Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make Modern mark after 1960 Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi 1488 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Great Qing Dynasty Qianlong Period Made Mark stamped with double outlines Tentative date Guangxu period 1875 1908 Click here to see large picture 317 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Great Qing Dynasty Qianlong Period Made 1960 Decorated in Hong Kong Date by Mr Kung porcelain merchant in Hong Kong Click here to see large picture 168 Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi Qianlong Period Make Da Qing omitted Tentative date: Early Peoples Republic period 1949 1966 probably 1950s 733 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Great Qing Qianlong Period Make Tentative date: 1960s period 317 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Great Qing Dynasty Qianlong Period Made 1960 Decorated in Hong Kong Date by Mr Kung porcelain merchant in Hong Kong Click here to see large picture 1410 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Great Qing Dynasty Qianlong Period Made Possibly decorated in Hong Kong around 1960 90 313 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Great Qing Dynasty Qianlong Period Made Information gained by Mr Kung porcelain merchant in Hong Kong this is decorated in Hong Kong around 1960 1078 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Great Qing Dynasty Qianlong Period Made Probably decorated in Hong Kong around 1960 77 Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Great Qing Qianlong Period Make Gu Gong Fu Zhi Palace Museum Replica Producation Before 1990 172 Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Great Qing Qianlong Period Make Mid 20th century or later 281 Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Great Qing Qianlong Period Make Plate probably from the 1930 40s period 413 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Great Qing Qianlong Period Make 297 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Great Qing Qianlong Period Make Probably 3rd quarter of 20th century Click here to see large picture Kaishu normal script style As opposed to seal script which is drawing this is hand writing 733 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Great Qing Qianlong Period Make Tentative date: 1960s period 282 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Meaning: Great Qing Qianlong Period Make Black gilded lidded jar tentative date 1950s 60s 184 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Meaning: Great Qing Qianlong Period Make Modern Chinese porcelain spoon Date: Late 1960s to c 1990 513 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Meaning: Great Qing Qianlong Period Make Modern Chinese porcelain spoon Date: Late 1960s to c 1990 403 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Meaning: Great Qing Qianlong Period Make Date: Late 1960s to c 1990 377 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Meaning: Great Qing Qianlong Period Make Date: Late 1960s to c 1990 914 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi Meaning: Great Qing Qianlong Period Make Date: Late 1960s to c 1990 Qianlong Yu Zhi Qianlong Imperial Make In these marks the dynasty Da Qing Great Qing is omitted which usually is a pretty surefire sign that the mark is not of the period No marks below are of the period See individual marks below for approximate date 1337 Mark: Qianlong Yu Zhi where Yu is by the order of the Emporor or Made to the order of the Qianlong Emperor This mark is in the style of Qing Guan Imperial pieces My best guess for a date is around 1980 90 considering the printed outlines of the decoration 305 Mark: Qianlong Yu Zhi where Yu is by the order of the Emperor or Made to the order of the Qianlong Emperor This mark is in the style of Qing Guan Imperial pieces Probably c 1980 90 Click here to see large picture 843 Mark: Qianlong Yu Zhi where Yu is by the order of the Emporor or Made to the order of the Qianlong Emperor This mark is in the style of Qing Guan Imperial pieces Probably c 1980 90 1332 Teapot or wine warmer Mark: Qianlong Yu Zhi where Yu is by the order of the Emperor or Made to the order of the Qianlong Emperor This mark is in the style of Qing Guan Imperial pieces Probably c 1980 90 947 Qianlong Yu Zhi where Yu is by the order of the Emperor Made to the order of Emperor Qianlong This mark is in the style of Qing Guan pieces Probably c 1960 80 310 Mark: Qianlong Yu Zhi Made to the order of the Emperor Qianlong 1990 2000 Qianlong Da Qing The mark is referring to the Qianlong period 1736 1795 during the Qing dynasty However in these marks the Nian Zhi [period make] of the regular mark is omitted So far I have not seen any mark of this type that appears to be older than the 1970s It is worth remembering that during 1965 70 was the period of the Glorious Cultural Revolution in China and not much porcelain and certainly not any with any Imperial references was made inside China proper during this time I think that any porcelain with Imperial Chinese references in the mark had their decoration added outside of China 134 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Great Qing Dynasty Qianlong Period 382 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Great Qing Dynasty Qianlong Period Late 20th century The mark appears to be next to identical to those used in Hong Kong in the 1960 70s but in this case in underglaze blue 758 Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Great Qing Dynasty Qianlong Period Late 20th century 115 Da Qing Qianlong Great Qing Qianlong The gold mark reads: JAPAN CHINA DECORATED IN HONG KONG which seems to indicate that the actual porcelain bowl might be Japanese while the decoration is added in Hong Kong Notice that the red mark also must have been applied in Hong Kong since it is actually moved off center to give way for the gold mark Probably 1960s ROYAL SATSUMA 633 Mark: MADE IN CHINA SATSUMA Chinese copy of Japanese Satsuma ware Late 20th century Click here to see large picture 635 Mark: HANDPAINIED sic ROYAL SATSUMA Zhongguo To Ci Jin Pin meaning China Pottery Porcelain Fine Products Chinese copy of Japanese Satsuma ware After 1980 Click here to see large picture 21 Mark: SATSUMA MADE IN CHINA Modern mark on a copy of Japanese Satsuma ware Shende Tang Zhi Made for The Hall of Prudent Virtue The Shende Tang Hall of Prudent Virtue referred to in the base mark was the residence of the Daoguang Emperor in the Yuanming Yuan summer palace in the outskirts of Beijing where it was located at the western side of the Jiuzhou Qingyan Palace of Peace in the Nine Regions The Shende Tang was completed in 1831 thus making Daoguang pieces with this mark attributable to the two decades between 1831 and 1850; see Ming Wilson Rare Marks on Chinese Ceramics London 1998 cat no 8 where a yellow glazed bowl with cranes bearing this mark is illustrated from the collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum London 126 Shende Tang Zhi Shende Tang Made where Zeng is accumulating collecting learning De is virtue Tang is hall 144 Mark: Shende Tang Zhi Shende Hall Made This could be translated as Made for the Hall of Prudent Virtue This mark first appeared in the Daoguang period and continued to be used until mid 20 th Century This mark: Guangxu period 1875 1908 or a few decades into the 20th century 299 Mark: Shende Tang Zhi Shende Hall Made This mark: Probably early to mid 20th century Click here to see large picture Taiwan 185 Mark: Da Tong Yao Taiwan Da Tong Kiln Taiwan Mark on modern Chinese porcelain spoon Tang Shan Porcelain Factories from 1920s Tang Shan is a city in Hebei province In 1976 the Tang Shan earthquake wiped out the entire city Tang Shan has produced porcelain of good quality but less known then it southern competitors Jingdezhen in Jiangxi province and the Liling kiln in Hunan but has produced grand pieces in similar styles The 1965 Tangshan Ceramic book tell there were three major porcelain factories in Tangshan from 1920s The Qi Xin Factory first established in 1924 and changed name to Tangshan 5th factory around 1950s sub divided to Yue Feng Sub division Factory in 1958 The second factory was the De Cheng factory and the third the Xin Min factory Picture: Tang Shan De Cheng Factory c 1930 1325 Vase of eggshell thinness Tangshan 4th Porcelain Factory Yue Feng Sub division c 1960 Mark reads from left to right first line says ??? Si fourth ? Tang Shan Si Tao The forth character ? means pottery The second line reads ???? Yu Feng Fen Chang ?? is the name of the company and ?? basically means branch factory which gives us Yue Feng Sub division Factory 1326 Teapot Mark: Min Gou Tang Shan Tangshan Bone China Made In China modern export porcelain c 1960 90 1327 Plate Mark: Min Gou Tang Shan Tangshan Fine Bone China Made In China modern export porcelain c 1960 80 1328 Vase decorated in green monochrome glaze Mark: unclear but probably Min Gou Tang Shan date c 1960 80 Tongzhi Nian Zhi Tongzhi Period [1862 74] Make For all practical purposes I have decided to think of all hand written Tongzhi marks as of the Tongzhi period and those who are stamped as later and with few exceptions of the later Guangxu period 1875 1908 So far this seems to make sense with the certain exception of marks from the Cultural Revolution period when Tongzhi marks enjoyed an unexplained popularity on items decorated in Macau or Hong Kong One complicating matter is also that some seal marks that looks stamped could well be hand drawn or stamped and then manually touched up In those cases I think we can assume that the piece is of the period 287 Tongzhi Nian Zhi Tongzhi 1862 74 Period Make Handwritten and probably of the period Unfortunately we dont have a picture of the piece 1323 Teapot with sepia decoration from Journey to the West Mark: Tongzhi Nian Zhi Tongzhi Period Make Mark most carefully hand drawn to look like a neat seal Possibly of the period 298 Tongzhi Nian Zhi Tongzhi 1862 74 Period Make Stamped mark probably Guangxu period or slightly thereafter 754 Mark: Tongzhi Nian Zhi Tongzhi Period Make Stamped mark dating to after the Guangxu period comfirmed by date in the inscription made by Cheung Wen tai in the winter of 1909 inscription meant to congratulate people on a bright and promising career etc Click here for a close up of the caligraphy 489 Bowl Mark: Tongzhi Nian Zhi Tongzhi 1862 74 Period Make Probably Guangxu period or later 1552 Dishes Stamped Mark: Tongzhi Nian Zhi Tongzhi 1862 74 Period Make Probably Guangxu period 1875 1908 The frame around the mark appears unusually wide but since both the characters and the dishes themselves appears to be correct I dont think there is any reason to doubt the mark as being correct 269 Tongzhi Nian Zhi Tongzhi Period Make This mark is probably not antique The date is uncertain and no picture of the piece is available for help The mark is similar to mark #107 but the general looks seems to suggest Macau decorated porcelain from third quarter of the 20th century Tongzhi Nian Zhi Da Qing 1862 74 For all practical purposes I have decided to think of all hand written Tongzhi marks as of the period and those who are stamped as later and usually of the Guangxu period So far as when compared to the dated reference porcelain we have collected so far this seems to work One minor complicating matter is that some seal marks that looks stamped could well be hand drawn or stamped and then manually improved The quality of the pieces is always more important then what the mark says 851 Dish fencai decoration on Celadon ground Mark: Unclear mark probably saying Da Qing Tongzhi Nian Zhi meaning: Great Qing Tongzhi 1862 74 Period Make Date: Second half of the 19th century 64 Bowl Mark: Da Qing Tongzhi Nian Zhi meaning: Great Qing Tongzhi 1862 74 Period Make Date: Second half of the 19th century 1066 Mark: Da Qing Tongzhi Nian Zhi meaning: Great Qing Tongzhi 1862 74 Period Make Date: Second half of the 19th century possible of the period 706 Mark: Da Qing Tongzhi Nian Zhi Great Qing Tongzhi 1862 74 Period Make Probably Guangxu 1875 1908 period or somewhat later Good quality stamped mark 139 Lids Mark: Da Qing Tongzhi Nian Zhi Great Qing Tongzhi Period Make Probably Guangxu period or later Click here to see large picture 1350 Bowl with coral red enamel Mark: Tongzhi Nian Zhi Tongzhi Period Make Apparently hand drawn mark Thanks to the triangular number mark easy to pinpoint to Macau or Hong Kong 1960s or later 1346 Ginger jar with enamel decoration Mark: Da Qing Tongzhi Nian Zhi Great Qing Tongzhi Period Make The mark is stamped Date probably third quarter of the 20th century Click here to see large picture UNITED WILSON United Wilson Porcelain Factory Unit A H 9th Floor H K Industrial Building 444 452 Des Voeux Road West Hong Kong China Factory still in operation 942 Mark: UW Mark used by United Wilson Porcelain Factory Factory still in operation 639 Mark: UW Used by United Wilson Hong Kong Porcelain manufactured in China Date: Modern probably 1990s Wah Lee Factory Made Hong Kong This mark was used by Wah Lee Co and was picked up from Mr Kungs shop in Hong Kong in 2001 and dated by him the former factory owner No western characters were used together with this mark The Wa Lee Factory opened on Peng Chau Island in 1953 and closed in 1968 Peng Chau is a small island one hour boat journey east of the Hong Kong island with only a few inhabitants The factory was one of five or six on Peng Chau and at most employed 80 workers The decorators was trained by experts having moved from Jingdezhen 263 Mark: Wa Lee Factory Made Decorated in Hong Kong 1960 314 Mark: Wah Lee Factory Made Factory owners dating: 1960 Wan Shou Wu Jiang decorations Wan ten thousand 1438 Wan Auspicious character meaning innumerable literary ten thousand Occurs in modern contemporary Chinese porcelain decorations Probably 1985 2000 Shou longevity 1439 Shou Auspicious character meaning longevity Occurs in modern contemporary Chinese porcelain decorations Probably 1985 2000 Wu 1440 Wu Auspicious character meaning no together with jiang as in wujiang meaning limitless Occurs in modern contemporary Chinese porcelain decorations Probably 1985 2000 Jiang 1441 Jiang Auspicious character meaning border together with wu as in wujiang meaning limitless Occurs in modern contemporary Chinese porcelain decorations Probably 1985 2000 Wanyu Wanyu appears on Chinese porcelain from the Kangxi period and onwards The mark shows the characters for top plaything to play and bottom jade The meaning is rather abstract but can perhaps be translated as jade trinket or antique porcelain as fine as jade The mark first appeared in Kangxi but has been used well into the 20th century It is also one of the marks used on later Bleu de Hue porcelain for the Vietnamese market 1251 Small vase coral red enamels with stamped gilt decoration Height 11 cm Mark: Wan Yu Date: Late Qing to Early Republic 34 Mark: Wanyu jade trinket Porcelain appears to be Bleu de Hue from around 1900 1205 Plate mark: Wanyu 1206 Bowl Mark: Wanyu This mark appears to be applied with a rubber stamp underglaze blue decoration transfer printed Date probably 1925 45 or later Wen Wen a Chinese surname 1368 Bowl Mark: Wen A chinese surname also the word for script writing Date; late 20th century probably around 1990 WL 1895 Hong Kong based modern porcelain factory This mark is modern It occurs in red blue or black There has been a lot of confusion about this mark however some pieces with this mark have been found with a sticker saying Made in China Other carries the text not for food which is not applied on porcelain predating around 1975 while others are only marked WL1895 The porcelain pieces are generally made in an old style often with a crackled ground and often with badly cast bronze ormolu fittings On the foot rim is sometimes found two Chinese characters meaning fang gu or imitating old relic which belongs to the time after the Cultural Revolution that ended in 1975 The porcelain itself does not immediately look as from Jingdezhen while it remains possible The enamel decoration appears similar to what I have begun to call Macau style On the whole the origin appears to be a commercial Chinese export active from maybe the 1980s and onwards Exactly where the porcelain wares itself is made remains unknown 1052 Mark: WL 1895 On porcelain with crackled ground in the general style of Napoleon III Date: Modern probably c 1990 Origin unknown On the foot rim what appears to be Chinese numbers 1302 Mark: WL 1895 On plain white porcelain added to the base is the text warning about not suitable for food plus a sticker saying Made in China Date: Modern probably c 1990 1303 Porcelain figures of dogs Decorated in underglaze blue Mark: WL 1895 and near the rim two Chinese characters Fang gu meaning imitating old relic Date: Modern probably second half of 20th century 1407 Porcelain figures of dogs Decorated in underglaze blue Mark: WL 1895 and near the rim two Chinese characters Fang gu meaning imitating old relic Date: Modern probably second half of 20th century 1304 Porcelain box decorated with Masonic emblems Mark: WL 1895 and on near the rim two Chinese characters Fang gu meaning imitating old relic Date: Modern probably second half of 20th century Xianfeng Nian Zhi Xianfeng Period 1851 61 Make 918 Mark: Xian Feng Nian Zhi meaning: Made in the Year or Reign of the Xianfeng Calligraphy written from left to right in the modern way Writing from left to right in a single line along with the general use of European American grammar structure occurs after the mid 1950s in mainland China alone Strong bodied Chinese blue white plate 25 3 cm diam The foot has a hole for hanging Second half 20th century Xiang Gang Jia Gong This mark reads Xiang gang jia gong which translates to Hong Kong Final Process The meaning is that the decoration is added in Hong Kong which implies that the porcelain blanks could be either Chinese or Japanese 1393 Dish Mark: Xiang gang jia gong meaning Hong Kong Final Process Date 1960s to 1970s 803 Dish Mark: Xiang gang jia gong meaning Hong Kong Final Process Date 1960s to 1970s Xiezhu Zhuren zao According to legend the Yellow Emperor ordered his minister Ling Lun to make musical instruments with bamboo from the Xie Valley and gradually the term xie bamboo was used to refer to wind instruments such as the flute and the pipe Judging from the number of extant porcelains with this mark it is most unlikely that all the vessels were commissioned by one single person thus Xiezhu Zhuren was probably the name of a private kiln Most of its products are overglaze decorated and the mark is always written in overglaze iron red enamel in seal script within a square A variant of this mark is the Xiezhu zao mark without the word master which is rarer [V&A 437&A 1872] 1502 Mark Xiezhu Zhuren zao Made by the Master of Wind Music in seal script within a square is written in overglaze red on the base Name Mark or Collectors Mark first appeared in the Daoguang 1821 50 period which is the likely date for this mark 601 Mark Xie Zhu Zhu Ren Zao The Master of Xie Zhu Made Name Mark or Collectors Mark first appeared in the Daoguang 1821 50 period Likely date for this mark is mid 20th century Click here to see large picture Xing Huang Yao Zhi Dazzling Star Kiln Make Modern ware from the 1960 70s or even later Modern ware probably South Chinese Guangzhou Macau or Hong Kong style decoration 1476 Mark: Xing Huang Yao Zhi Star Dazzling Kiln Make Mid to late 20th century Guangzhou Canton Macau or Hong Kong style decoration on crackled glaze of imitated Ge type Ya Wan Zhen Cang Delicate Collectable Precious Treasure This appears to be a private collectors or a factory mark It occurs on porcelain figures in 18th 19th century style elaborate vases with applied decoration and plates Marks appear handwritten and stamped The handwritten mark is found on plate #1229 that I feel is of a style developed in Guangzhou Canton in the 1950s The stamped marks appears to be later; 1960 70s or even later and on pieces in Macau or Hong Kong style enamels 116 120 Mark: Ya Wan Zhen Cang Delicate Collectable Precious Treasure Private Collectors or factory mark on porcelain figures in 18th 19th century style Mid to late 20th century Guangzhou Canton or Hong Kong style late enamels fencai 1292 Vase with applied decoration of flowers Mark: Ya Wan Zhen Cang Delicate Collectable Precious Treasure Mid to late 20th century Guangzhou Canton or Hong Kong style late enamels fencai 1473 Lidded jar with decoration of flowers Mark: Ya Wan Zhen Cang Delicate Collectable Precious Treasure Probably Macao style late enamels fencai Mid to late 20th century tentative date c 1970 1229 Plate Mark: Ya Wan Zhen Cang Delicate Collectable Precious Treasure Mid to late 20th century Guangzhou Canton or Hong Kong style late enamels fencai Click here to see large picture Yang Cheng Goat City old name of Canton Guangzhou 603 Mark: Yang Cheng Yang Cheng is the ancient name of Canton Guangzhou City literally meaning Goat City The picture is a pair of goats holding a vase Possibly 1940 60s Myth legend tells of Guangzhou was founded by Five Immortals riding five rams each ram planted a stalks of rice grain which symbolizes abundant of harvest or prosperity 164 Mark: Yang Cheng Yang Cheng is the ancient name of Canton City meaning Goat City The picture is a pair of goats holding a vase Tentative date around the 1970s 1520 Mark: Yang Cheng Yang Cheng is the ancient name of Canton City meaning Goat City The picture is a pair of goats holding a vase Tentative date around the 1970s 488 Mark: Yang Cheng Wu Chen Nian Zhi Canton Wu Chen Year Made Matching years for Wu Chen are 1988 1928 1868 1808 and so on Click here to see large picture Yong [?] Tang Hall 745 Good luck vase China mid 20th century Mark: Yong ? Tang hall Made On the inside a sticker saying Made in the Peoples Republic of China 1391 Tureen China mid 20th century Mark: Yong ? Tang hall Made On the inside a sticker saying Made in the Peoples Republic of China Yong Sheng Cai Ci Chang Yong Sheng Decorative Porcelain Factory th Yong Sheng Cai Ci Chang 387 Mark: Yong Sheng Cai Ci Chang Yong Sheng Decorative Porcelain Factory Large fish bowl decorated in traditional Rose Medallion style Tentative date c 1970s Click here to see large picture Yongzheng Nian Zhi Yongzheng Period Make Decorative marks not of the period See individual marks below for approximate date 93 Yongzheng Nian Zhi Yongzheng Period Make Underglaze blue hand painted seal mark Mid 20th century high quality 167 Yongzheng Nian Zhi Yongzheng Period Make Red rubber stamped seal mark 20th century Yongzheng Nian Zhi Da Qing Yongzheng Period Make Great Qing Dynasty Decorative marks not of the period See individual marks below for approximate date 739 Mark: Da Qing Yongzheng Nian Zhi Great Qing Yongzheng Period Make Underglaze blue hand painted seal mark 20th century This one I am very uncertain about since I have only got these pictures to look at The decoration as such on this vase could be Guangxu early 20th century but the vase and its mark looks at most a decade old to me The enamels also seems from the picture to be similar to the ones used in Macau in the 1970s Kindly notice that this is my personal opinions only and THIS IS VERY DIFFICULT to say anything about based on pictures alone Still this mark is also included in the Macau section until further until we have seen more of this type and can date it with a greater amount of certainty 708 Mark: Da Qing Yongzheng Nian Zhi Great Qing dynasty Yongzheng Period Make but probably 1990 2000 You Xian Ju Jianzhi ? ? ? ? ? The Leisure Retreat House Supervised and Produced Reading from right to left the mark ? ? ? ? ? read You Xian Ju Jianzhi The two characters You xian ?? when together means Living alone or In retirement why the combination is usually translated as retreat The two last characters Jian zhi means Overseen and Produced Make These marks are all applied onto modern porcelain related to United Wilson of Hong Kong The porcelain most likely dates to the second half of the 20th century 1293 Porcelain box with lid Crackled glaze Mark: You Xian Ju Jianzhi Stamped figure mark Tentative date last quarter of the 20th century 1525 Porcelain service with enamel decoration Mark: You Xian Ju Jianzhi Stamped figure mark Tentative date last quarter of the 20th century 1491 Decorative Armorial tureen with unknown initials Base mark: You Xian Ju Jianzhi Stamped figure mark Tentative date last quarter of the 20th century 379 Porcelain figure Mark: You Xian Ju Jianzhi Stamped figure mark Tentative date last quarter of the 20th century 1526 Mark: You Xian Ju Zhi The Leisure House Retreat Make Stamped mark Tentative date last quarter of the 20th century 1527 Mark: You Xian Ju Zhi The Leisure House Retreat Make Stamped mark Tentative date last quarter of the 20th century Probably related to United Wilson Hong Kong Yue [Guang] Dong Qi Chang East Guangdong Porcelain Factory 387 Mark: Yue Dong Qi Chang East Guangdong Porcelain Factory Zhongguo Tang Shan China Tang Shan City 69 Mark: Zhongguo Tang Shan China Tang Shan City Modern mark North Chinese porcelain factory c 1990 95 Zhongguo Wu Ci China Wu Ci City 110 Zhongguo Wu Ci China Wu Ci City Late 20th century probably 1980s Zhongguo Shamen China Shamen City 177 Mark: Zhongguo Shamen China Shamen City Modern Chinese porcelain spoon 180 Modern mark on modern Chinese porcelain spoon Zhongguo Lingnan China Sha Gate City 181 Mark: Zhongguo Lingnan Mark on modern Chinese porcelain spoon Zhongguo Made in China 189 Zhongguo China Mark on modern Chinese porcelain spoon Characters written from left to right suggesting a date from C 1970 and later Zhongguo Jingdezhen CHINA =#= 75 Mark: Zhongguo Jingdezhen CHINA =D= China Jingdezhen Mark from a square flask with 4 landscapes by Wang Yeting 1884 1942 one of the eight friends of Zhushan dated 1937 It is unlikely that the date of the painting in this case matches the mark which should date to the mid 1950s or later 271 Zhongguo Jingdezhen China Jingdezhen Mark from two gilt on coral ground dishes Dated by Mr Kung porcelain merchant in Hong Kong to the 1950s Similar dishes are still being made Click here to see large picture 274 Zhongguo Jingdezhen China Jingdezhen Dated by Mr Kung porcelain merchant in Hong Kong to 1980 which seems like a large jump from the very similar # 271 above Click here to see large picture 567 Zhongguo Jingdezhen China Jingdezhen Porcelain vase made in Jingdezhen in 1968 to mark the Chinese cultural revolution led by chairman Mao Decorated with Tian An Men Square and Hua Biao surrounded by a group of sun flowers Text on Balloons with ribbons are Chairman Mao lives long life the Communist Party lives long life and Mao Zhu Xi Wan Sui Chairman Maos revolutionary route have success and live long life Click here to see large picture Zhongguo Jingdezhen Made In China Left to Right This China Jingdezhen mark of good quality and with the factory numbers or letters no longer used is currently in use on export porcelain today I would prefer to date these marks as just modern and unlikely to be much older than the 1980s The first mark listed here is from a mug dated to 1983 which confirms the timeframe as the last quarter of the 20th century 1455 Mark: Zhongguo China Jingdezhen Made In China Mark from a mug dated 1983 Click here to see large picture 43 Mark: Zhongguo China Jingdezhen Made In China 204 Mark: Zhongguo China Jingdezhen Made In China 203 Mark: Zhongguo China Jingdezhen Made In China =03= 196 Mark: Zhongguo China Jingdezhen Made In China =07= 200 Mark: Zhongguo China Jingdezhen Made In China =08= 258 201 Mark: Zhongguo China Jingdezhen Made In China =09= Lidded tea cup c 1970 Click here to see large picture 1076 Mark: Zhongguo China Jingdezhen Made In China =15= Possibly modern mark c 1970 or and later 526 Mark: Zhongguo China Jingdezhen Made In China =16= 207 Mark: Zhongguo China Jingdezhen Made In China =21= 525 Mark: Zhongguo China Jingdezhen Made In China =31= 202 Mark: Zhongguo China Jingdezhen Made In China =42= 245 Mark: Zhongguo China Jingdezhen Made In China =I= 1385 Mark: Zhongguo China Jingdezhen Made In China =N= 581 Mark: Zhongguo China Jingdezhen Made In China =N= Zhongguo Zhi Zao ???? China Made old style from right to left This four character mark means plain and simple Made in China written in Chinese In these marks the characters are written in the traditional old fashioned way meaning from top to bottom from right to left This is the traditional way of writing despite that the name of China has been chosen for the mark which suggests to me a period for this mark to between the establishing of the Peoples Republic of China in 1949 and the Cultural Revolution in 1965 70 697 Mark: Zhongguo Zhi Zao meaning China Made written from right to left The vase is a Chinese copy of Japanese Satsuma style moriage Tentative date 1950 75 101 Mark: Zhongguo Zhi Zao China Made 411 Mark: Zhongguo Zhi Zao China Made Mid 20th century 503 Mark: Zhongguo Zhi Zao China Made Probably Hong Kong c 1950s 267 Mark: Zhongguo Zhi Zao China Made This mark is unique so far in that the characters are drawn one by one inside a frame Tentative date 1950 75 501 Mark: Zhongguo Zhi Zao China Made The zhong character is drawn as a bow and arrow The decoration on this bowl is printed in a horrible quality and surely dates to the Cultural Revolution period 1966 1976 Click here to see large picture 783 Mark: Made in China Date c 1980 1990 81 Mark: Zhongguo Zhi Zao China made 702 Mark: Zhongguo Zhi Zao China Made Probably 1950s Zhongguo Zhi Zao ???? China Made Modern style left to right In these marks the characters are written in a modernized way from left to right This manner of writing dates on the whole to the period of the Cultural Revolution meaning from around the late 1960s and later 1029 Zhongguo Zhi Zao meaning China Make Contemporary last quarter of the 20th century Zhongguo Zhi Zao Made in China 967 Mark: Hand Painted Decoration Made in China Second half of the 20th century Click here to see large picture 28 Mark: Zhongguo Zhi Zao China Made In this mark Zhi Zao is used which would rather translate as make something new to produce something out of raw material while the more common Zhi Zuo could be translated as the more profane manufacture On Chinese Satsuma copy basically new possible period 1970s 2000 1330 Mark: Zhongguo Zhi Zao China Made In this mark Zhi Zao is used which would rather translate as make something new to produce something out of raw material while the more common Zhi Zuo could be translated as the more profane manufacture In photo 2 left hand side within reserve a date of 73 can be seen likely to be 1973 852 Mark: Zhongguo Zhi Zao China Made In this mark Zhi Zao is used which would rather translate as make something new to produce something out of raw material while the more common Zhi Zuo could be translated as the more profane manufacture Date: Off the shelf February 2004 1035 Mark: Zhongguo Zhi Zao China Made Tentative interpretation of this mark is Universal Porcelain Factory Phoenix H brand production unit line 9 date 1980 90 54 Mark: Zhongguo Zhi Zao China Made 183 Mark: Zhongguo Zhi Zao China Made Mark on modern Chinese porcelain spoon 82 Mark: Zhongguo Zhi Zao China Made 178 Mark: I Zhongguo Zhi Zao China Made Mark on modern Chinese porcelain spoon The similarity to mark 260 Dish Qianlong Nian Zhi seems to indicate a date around 1970 502 Mark: Zhongguo China c 1950 1970 Zhongguo Jingdezhen China Jingdezhen Right to Left In around 1953 to 54 almost all the factories in Jiangxi were merged into larger units each made up by ten to fifteen previously independent smaller factories The use of alphabetic characters and numbers in the marks also seems to have started around this time Long time porcelain merchant in Hong Kong Mr Kung was when asked by Simon Ng on this of the opinion that =09= and similar were names assigned to each of the factories in Jingdezhen by the Communist Party When asked if a factory could have more than one number he also said that as far as he knew there were only one number for one factory Now this doesnt match with reality since in long runs of the same pattern there seems to be different characters appearing at random Recently I have also been asking around some in Jingdezhen and the latest info on these letters are that the mark =D= etc doesnt have any meaning They were simply put onto export wares to look nice This really matches with the lack of system we have noticed so far and can possibly be true for the last decades but was it so in the beginning? The research continues One possibility is that the marks did have an organizational importance in the beginning but that the marks after some time got garbled 1546 Plate with mark: Zhongguo Jingdezhen China Jingdezhen Tentative date around the 1970s Zhongguo Jingdezhen Zhi China Jingdezhen made Right to Left MORE SIMILAR MARKS 235 236 Zhongguo Jingdezhen Zhi China Jingdezhen Made factory # D 519 Zhongguo Jingdezhen Zhi China Jingdezhen Made factory # D 1189 Zhongguo Jingdezhen Zhi China Jingdezhen Made factory # 21 Zhongguo Jingdezhen Zhi China Jingdezhen made 103 Mark: Zhongguo Jingdezhen Zhi China Jingdezhen made Possibly modern mark c 1970 or and later 63 Mark: Zhongguo Jingdezhen Zhi China Jingdezhen made Possibly modern mark c 1970 or and later 80 Mark: Zhongguo Jingdezhen Zhi China Jingdezhen made Possibly modern mark c 1970 or and later 249 Mark: Zhongguo Jingdezhen Zhi China Jingdezhen made Possibly modern mark c 1970 or and later 1248 Mark: Zhongguo Jingdezhen Zhi China Jingdezhen made Modern mark c 1970 or and later Zhongguo Liling China Liling 1453 Flower pot with printed western export market Christmas decoration date second half 20th century Mark: ???? Zhongguo Liling China Liling Click here to see large picture 1454 Bowl with transfer printed decoration date second half 20th century Mark: ???? Zhongguo Liling Chu Pin China Liling Product Click here to see large picture Zhongguo Chaozhou Swatow 23 Mark: Zhongguo Chaozhou China Swatow 424 Mark: Zhongguo Chao Cai China Swatow Enamels Probably 1970s Click here to see large picture 798 Plate with mille fleure decoration Zhongguo Chao Cai Enameled ware from Chao Zhou China The area is North West of Guangdong area previously better know as part of Swatow Late 20th century Zhongguo Zhong Yi Jingdezhen China Zhong Yi factory Jingdezhen 121 Mark: Zhongguo China Zhong Yi factory name Jingdezhen Underglaze blue and white eggshell bowl acquired at a private street side shop stall in Jingdezhen 1992 RECENT ADDITIONS PRINTED 182 Factory or brand name on modern Chinese porcelain Probably 1985 90 188 Xiang Shan Elephant Hill Brand Elephant Hill is a popular tourist attraction in Guilin Guangxi Province Mark on modern Chinese porcelain spoon 627 Late 20th century 1034 Mark: Zhongguo Xin Hua meaning China New Chemical Factory The S H in green is likely the hanyu pinyin acronym of Xin Hua Last decades of the 20th C 186 Mark on modern Chinese porcelain spoon 583 Late 20th century Click here to see large picture 751 Made in China Transfer printed decoration 1970s? RECENT ADDITIONS UNDERGLAZE BLUE 707 Zhongguo Longquan China Longquan probably referring to the Celadon type glaze made famous by the Longquan kilns in Zhejiang province of South Eastern China Modern ware late 20th century 175 Jingde Gu Yao Jingde Ancient Kiln Modern blue and white lidded tea bowl C 1990 326 Tao Yu Zhen Cang Pottery and Jade Precious Treasure Possibly late 20th C 425 Yu Jade =Precious Treasure Possibly late 19th C 170 You Xian Ju Zhi House of Plenty Leisure Make Modern commercial replica of early 18th century blue and white porcelain acquired from China in 1999 176 Mark on blue and white spoon possibly 1880 1930 587 Artemisia leaf mark Originally common under Kangxi period but this stiff version is later probably early 20th century 618 Wu Feng Ji Fei Five Phoenix Together Fly Rise Possibly early Republic c 1920s 523 JI Yu Bao Ding Zhi Zhen Treasure of Cherished Jade and Precious Ding Kangxi period c 1700 Click here to see large picture 823 Late 19th century early 20th century Made by Bo Gu the name of the artist? of Heng Feng Tang name of the Porcelain Shop 1059 Seal mark within single frame Wax seal jianding modern export permit Uncertain date Possible new 879 Mark: Jiangxi Yuan Yu Hua meaning: Drawn by Yuan Yu Hua in Jiangxi Province The bird is commonly known as a White headed Granny The caption says Prosperity unto the old age The flower is likely peony which is the flower of prosperity in Chinese A similar piece with identical caption is in Dated Porcelain section mark #102 with a signed date of 1914 Tentative date of this dish: around 1925 1291 Copper red vase bound in metal Unknown mark Could possible be a combination of several Chinese character with the meanings of produce zhanpin daily tian tian and China zhong ware yao Click here to see large picture 1329 Plate with transfer printed decoration in underglaze blue and white Mark: Yun Mun Ci Chong The Peoples Porcelain Factory on the reverse Date 1970s and or later Click here to see large picture RECENT ADDITIONS RED RUBBERSTAMP 517 Bing Shen Qiu Rou Bing Shen Year Autumn Month Most likely year matching Bing Shen are 1896 Xiao Shan Zuo Xiao Shan Artists name Painted Base red mark : Gao Bo Sheng Hao Gao Bo Sheng Company Click here to see large picture 961 Mark: XXX Cang meaning XXXs collection The XXX is undecipherable The two line poem says Yan Zi Zheng Chun Se Xiu Qi Lin Qiu Feng meaning beautiful pose against spring scene elegant manner sterning autumn wind followed by the Porcelain Painters signature of Zhong Ming Shi Painted Tentative date is the 1940s 782 Mark: Yau Kee 29 Hao tentative translation Yau Kee Factory Pattern number 29 Date c 1960s Possibly Hong Kong decorated 718 Qin Xiang Xing Zhi Qin Xiang Xing factory Made Late 20th century c 1960 70 99 Artists name seal c 1930 eggshell porcelain 520 Zhou Shun Xing Zao Zhou Shun Xing Company Made Same as our #27 Click here to see large picture 522 Cheng Yi Tai Zao Cheng Yi Tai Made Same as our #17 18 Click here to see large picture 719 Aspiration Mark Zhao Cai Jin Bao Inviting in Wealth and Treasure c 1890 1910 729 Xu Fu Xing Hao Xu family or company Tentative date 1870s or slightly later 897 Mark: Hand Painted Porcelain Tentative date: Mid 20th century 902 312 Zhou Jun Song artist name Zhi Made Xuantong 1909 1912 period Click here to see large picture 1338 Large bowl Diameter 13 1 3 34 3 cm diam 6 15 2 cm h Square seal mark in archaic script within double frames Dove blue enamels that came about through the Da Ya Zhai porcelains Grand Elegant Court porcelain for the Empress Dowager Cixi that was developed during the end of the 19th century and much copied during the early 20th century Likely date 1920 30 390 Li Rong Tai hao mark of Li Rongtai Wade Giles: Li Jung tai 662 Hairs oil jar Dated 1919 796 Toilet table box Decoration: Qilin delivering a son Compare dated mark #662 Tentative date c 1920 1070 Bowl Tentative date c 1920 RECENT ADDITIONS UNSORTED 45 Mark imitating a lacquer seal with mythological animal 1436 Vase Click here to see large picture 389 Niu Chinese surname possibly the name of the artist Probably 1950s 380 Qian Men Quan Ju De Front Gate Quan Ju De Restaurant Quan Ju De is a symbol of Old Peking the famous Peking Duck shop opened in 1864 Front Gate the city gate was built in Yuan and original named Li Zheng Men During Ming it was renamed to Zheng Yang Men which name has been kept until now more commonly called Qian Men 91 Kangxi style Artemisia leaf c 1950 481 Wang Qi Name Seal copy of Wang Qi one of the Eight Friends of Zhu Shan specializing in figure drawings and Running Calligraphy Modern c 1990 2000 524 Gao Po China Gao Po is probably the name of a town It is unclear though in which way Gao Po is related to the porcelain 617 Decorated i a combination of mille fleur and famille noire Guangxu period Early Republic c 1900 1930s Click here to see large picture 443 Wei Yi Zhai The Singular one and only Studio 4th quarter 20th century 713 Modern porcelain figure Signature of the Artist: hand made by Lam Wai Tung Late 20th century 1406 Tea set eggshell porcelain China first quarter of the 20th century The Japanese marks section of Gotheborg com originally came to be thanks to a donation of Japanese marks images from Karl Hans Schneider Euskirchen Germany in may 2000 that gave me a modest but nonetheless beginning It was a kind gesture and I really appreciated that Of the many later contributors I would especially want to mention Albert Becker Somerset UK who were the first to help with some translations and comments on the Japanese marks His work was than greatly extended by Ms Gloria S Garaventa after which Mr John Avery looked into and corrected some of the dates Most of the Satsuma marks were originally submitted by Ms Michaela Russell Brisbane Australia A section which was then greatly extended by Ian & Mary Heriot of which a large amount of information still awaits publication A warm thank you also goes to John R Skeens Florida U S A and Toru Yoshikawa for the Kitagawa Togei section and to Susan Eades for her help and encouragement towards the creation of the Moriyama section For the last full overhaul of the Satsuma and Kutani sections thank you to Howard Reed Australia The most recent larger contribution was made by Lisa M Surowiec New Jersey USA In 2004 and from then on my warm thank you goes to John Wocher and Howard Reed whose knowledge and interest has sparked a new life into this section and given reason for a new overhaul Thank you again and thank you to all I have not mentioned here for all help and interest in and contributions to our knowledge of the 20th century Japanese porcelain The Chinese marks section would not have been possibly without the dedicated help of Mr Simon Ng City University of Hong Kong whose translations and personal efforts in researching the origin and dates of the different marks is and has been an invaluable resource It has since been greatly extended by several contributors such as Cordelia Bay USA Walt Brygier USA Bonnie Hoffmann Harmen Lensink Tony Yalin Zhang Beijing and ScottLoar Shanghai and many more expert members of the Gotheborg Discussion Board A number of reference pieces have also been donated by Simon Ng City University of Hong Kong N K Koh Singapore Hans Mueller USA Hans Slager Belgium William Turnbull Canada and Tony Jalin Zhang Beijing All material submitted by visitors and published anywhere on this site are and remain the copyrighted property of the submitter and appears here by permission of the owner which can be revoked at any time All expressed opinions are my personal or those of my trusted friends and fellow experts based on photos and the owners submitted descriptions They are not to be used for any financial or commercial decisions but for educational and personal interest only and can and will be changed here as further information merits For further studies Encyclopedia Britannica is recommended in preference to Wikipedia that besides having an ideological bias and a number of erroneous Chinese characters is used by the fake industry to promote porcelain pieces that are not of the period stated Web design and content as it appears here © Jan Erik Nilsson 1996 2019 Gotheborg com The Antique Chinese Porcelain Collectors Page Japanese Porcelain Marks Gotheborg com Marks Introduction Japanese Porcelain Marks Arita Imari Awaji Fukagawa Hirado Kakiemon Kutani Nabeshima Noritake Satsuma Seto Sumida Totai Shippo The Japanese have one of the longest continuous ceramic cultures in the world with the earliest ceramics dating to around 10 000 BC Tea ceremony from the 15th century The popularity of the tea ceremony from the 15th century fostered an aesthetic appreciation of ceramics especially imported Chinese wares which became valued as works of art The strong demand for ceramics resulted in a surge of creativity during the Momoyama period 1573 1603 with thousands of kilns developing their own distinct regional characteristics High fired stoneware were central to this tradition Ri Sampei the father of Japanese porcelain After the Japanese invasions of Korea in 1592 and 1598 a number of skilled Korean potters who had learned from the Chinese how to produce fine porcelain were brought back to Japan Some of these settled in Arita in northern Kyushu where they discovered porcelain clay One of the Korean porcelain makers was Ri Sampei He is considered as the father of Japanese porcelain The area became Japans major center of porcelain production and its products were also exported from the port of Imari Late Ming and the Japanese Edo period 1603 1868 Due to trade difficulties with China by the end of the Chinese Ming dynasty and an improved Japanese economy during the Momoyama period 1573 1615 a strong demand for Japanese ceramics resulted in a surge of creativity Thousands of kilns developed their own regional style High fired stoneware were central to this tradition This is also when we say that the modern Japanese porcelain industry started Although Japanese porcelain production developed its own styles the influence of Chinese and Korean porcelain traditions can often and easily be found During the 17th and early 18th century Japanese porcelain largely imported by the Dutch East India Company VOC was very popular in Europe and competed successfully with the Chinese Blue and white Arita porcelain was copied on tin glazed earthenware in many places in Europe of which Dutch Delft is the most famous During the 18th century Kakiemon enamel decoration was also widely copied in England Even when Japan lived isolated from the rest of the world during the entire Edo period 1603 1868 significant amounts of Japanese porcelain was exported to Western countries mostly by the Dutch East India Company A new Meiji Government 1868 1913 With the new Meiji government the old feudal system was changed and many highly skilled potters found themselves out of work After many years of a strict regulation in the Edo period 1603 1868 a new Meiji government finally opened a door to the oversea trade Traditionally trained artists and craft men who had lost their feudal patrons were welcomed to a new venture by the government and by entrepreneurs to create new products attractive to the foreigners in America and Europe When Japan now opened up for foreign trade and trade agreements were signed with America England Holland Russia and France Yokohama became a center for much of the new trade Businessmen and entrepreneurs from all over Japan flocked around the port and to set up shops Now Japanese pottery and porcelain found new markets The producers were inventive and could readily deliver anything the export market demanded Their technique and skills were the traditional but the products were commercial except a few true artisans such as for example the Makuzu company The pottery and porcelain made in and around the Yokohama port were known as Yokohama yaki including Yokohama Satsuma to which for example the Hodota brand belongs These export products were made in small factories and workshops set up quickly to meet foreign demands Kyushu the Japanese porcelain center Geographically the porcelain production was more spread out in Japan then in China where most of the porcelain was made in the one city of Jingdezhen in the Jiangxi province In a similar way however the center of the Japanese porcelain industry could be said to have been located on the southern island of Kyushu The largest city on Kyushu is Arita while the largest nearby port was called Imari These are the two most important names in the history of Japanese export porcelain When it comes to quality and artistic merit the picture is infinitely more complicated Japanese porcelain marks The old Japanese ceramic industry was in many ways smaller in scale compared to the Chinese Marks was also applied for different reasons that on the Chinese porcelain Personal signatures by the artists involved are quite common We also find a different attitude towards what marks that are put on the Japanese porcelain and in particular the export porcelain from the 19th century and onwards The entire range of Imperial reign marks so common on Chinese porcelain genuine or not is mostly lacking The marks are more commercially oriented more numerous and can vary even within a set of pieces They can indicate the name of the factory the potter the decorator the pattern the customer the exporter the importer or both or a part of them or maybe just say Made in Japan Japan Nippon Happiness or Good luck in any number of ways Increasing the confusion are the hundreds of porcelain decorating firms active in the early to mid 20th century simultaneously putting many different marks on the same wares seemingly at random but probably for some reason To take just one example the Noritake company which has been active for about one hundred years only are thought to have used over 400 different marks Various ways of writing mountain in Japanese ceramic marks Marks and Seals From various examples of pottery The Character Zan San or Yama Japanese pottery : with notes describing the thoughts and subjects employed in its decoration and illustrations from examples in the Bowes collection Bowes James Lord 1890 To immediately gain a better understanding on the many names that occurs in Japanese pottery and porcelain I believe the map available here that indicates the most common kiln areas blue names and cities names in red will be helpful Regarding dates the following Japanese historical period names are the ones most commonly met with: •Momoyama period 1573 1603 •Edo period 1603 1867 roughly split into early middle or late Edo Sometimes the Genroku era 1688 1703 when popular culture flourishes is distinguished •Meiji 1868 1913 •Taisho 1913 1926 •Showa 1926 1988 where early Showa is often used to cover the Showa reign before 1945 and •Heisei 1988 today The marks are normally read from top to bottom and right to left Signatures are usually followed by a suffix for example Sei tsukuru or saku all meaning made or Ga Dzu or Fude meaning painted or drawn Then there are place names Satsuma Kutani Seto etc Marks and Seals From various examples of pottery Tsukuru or Zo Sei or Seisu From examples in the Bowes collection Japanese pottery Bowes James Lord 1890 To read these requires references such as a good Japanese English dictionary such as Nelsons One simple and easy guide to reading & writing Japanese is Ed Florence Sakade & al J Bowes Japanese Marks & Seals is very helpful as is Koop & Inada Japanese Names It is a very unrewarding task to go through lists of marks and signatures as the below in the hope of finding the exact one to match yours however a modest amount of study can produce a big difference Beware though it can become an obsession Book Some Suggestions for Souvenir Seekers Mid 1930s To further our understanding of 20th century porcelain marks our friend and member of our Discussion Board Elyce Litts recently sent me some notes from a small booklet entitled Some Suggestions for Souvenir Seekers produced by the Japanese Government Railway The booklet seems to date to the mid late 1930s In addition to descriptions and photo examples of numerous types of pottery and porcelain including where they were made it features a list of Souvenir Dealers The names are given in English without the Japanese equivalency since the book was aimed at English speaking tourists They describe the various pottery of Japan as follows: Satsuma porcelains mainly produced in and around the city of Kagoshima in Kyushu Wares of this type are finished in ivory lustre with fine crackles They have a picture of a number of artisans sitting at the traditional low Japanese tables hand painting vases Arita porcelains produced in the Saga prefecture of Kyushu Kutani porcelains produced in the prefecture of Ishikawa in the Hokuiku district of Honshu the Japanese main island On the whole Kutani porcelains are characterized by their elaborate picture decorations in thick gold red blue and some other colors As for Kyoto wares Rakuyaki of Kyoto closely connected with tea ceremonies since olden days Awata ware porcelains and Kiyomizu wares are among the souvenirs of Kyoto Seto ware The province of Owari with Nagoya as its commercial and industrial metropolis is the greatest ceramic center [of Japan] so far as the amount of products Owari produces so many varieties of porcelain and stoneware that the Japanese familiarly speak of porcelain and pottery in general as setomono after the village of the same name in this province •Bizen ware Okayama Prefecture characterized by their peculiarly humorous figures of gods birds and beasts •Banko wares Mie Prefecture which are mostly unglazed •Awaji wares Awaji island monochromatic with a bright yellow or green glaze •Soma pottery Fukushima Prefecture on which a picture of a horse is usually seen Souvenir Dealers: TOKYO: •Department Stores: Mitsukoshi; Matsuya; Matsuzakaya; Takashimaya; Shirokiya and Imperial Hotel Arcade •Porcelains: Fukagawa Porcelain Manufacturing Co ; Koran & Co YOKOHAMA: •Department Stores: Nozawa ya; Matsu ya;Echizen ya;Sagami ya •Porcelains: Tashiro Shoten; Nikko Shoten; Nakanoya; Glory Shokai; S Oda; Miyakawa; R Inone •Curios: Owariya; K Takahashi; Kaneko; S Shibata KYOTO: •Department Stores: Marumono; Takashimaya; Daimaru •Porcelains: Kinkozan Hiraoka Kyoto Porcelains OSAKA: •Department Stores: Mitsukoshi; Daimaru; Hankyii; Nankai Takashimaya; Matsuzakaya; Sogo; Takashimay; Izutsuya; Mikasaya KOBE: •Curios: T Shibata; Harishin; K Nikko; K Yoshida & Co •Department Stores: Daimaru; Mitsukoshi; Sogo •Porcelain & lacquer: Chujyo Shoten; Harishin; Koshiishi Shoten; Miyazaki Shoten; K Nikko; Ogurusu & Co ; Suzuki & Co ; Taniguchi & Co ; William Rae; Gengan Yamamoto; Yamato Bros & Co ; K Yoshida & co The booklet gives the street addresses of all shops as well Hopefully this contribution by Elyce Litts will greatly help our understanding of 20th century Japanese porcelain marks The method used for suggesting dates on the following marks is the empirical and that of the arts historian When possible I have compared the marks with documents files and archaeological data and these references have been added here when possible Unfortunately I have no further information on these marks than what is published here For further discussions on antique Chinese and Japanese Ceramic Art you are seriously recommended to sign up with the Gotheborg Discussion Board If you would like my personal help or opinion on something there is a possibility to email me a question and help support the site at the same time Click here to ask a question Jan Erik Nilsson Gotheborg com A A VANTINE & COMPANY Around the 1840s Ashley A Vantine sometimes Van Tine started a provision and supply business in San Francisco He continued in California until 1869 when he came to New York and established himself in the Oriental goods business opening his first shop for oriental wares in New York in 1869 on Broadway near Eighth street A few years later he moved to 831 Broadway and from there in 1883 to 879 Broadway Mr Vantine traveled a great deal particularly to China and Japan crossing the Pacific sixteen times and made six visits to Turkey and Southern Russia The company seems to have began their business in Yokohama Japan already in 1865 for the purpose of manufacturing wares for export to the West They even started a mail order business and came to have their own factories in Yokohama and Nagoya Japan A catalogue from 1917 is preserved at the University of Delaware Library The text states that the book enables you to rest comfortably at home in your easy chair and at your leisure select by mail with absolute confidence from the largest collection of Oriental goods in America Offerings include not only toys but clothing perfumes jewelry and pottery The business seems to have shut down around 1951 Mail order catalogue 1917 Vantines the Oriental Store New York Ashley Abraham Van Tine 1821 1890 Genealogy home page outside link A little journey to Vantines by Elbert Hubbard Author The Roycrofters 1912 895 Mark: Crossed Imperial Chinese and Japanese flags with the Turkish crescent moon and star in between referring to Mr AA Vantines business relations with these three countries Tentative date: c 1910 20s 771 Mark: Crossed Imperial Chinese and Japanese flags with the Turkish crescent moon and star in between referring to Mr AA Vantines business relations with these three countries Tentative date 1930 40s 772 Mark: Crossed Imperial Chinese and Japanese flags with the Turkish crescent moon and star in between referring to Mr AA Vantines business relations with these three countries Click here to see large picture 789 Mark: Crossed Imperial Chinese and Japanese flags with the Turkish crescent moon and star in between referring to Mr AA Vantines business relations with these three countries From the look of the porcelain designs I would suggested the 1920 30s for this piece AEROZON Aerozon is a trade mark made up from air and ozone It occurs on German smoking accessories air cleaners as in perfume burners night lamps etc for which many porcelain bodies were made some of them in Japan The mark occurs between 1910 1933 by AEROZON Fabrik Georg und Berthold Sternberg Berlin In 1933 AEROZON Fabrik Schwarz & Co Berlin seems to have been owner for a few months the extent of involvement has so far not been possible to determine precisely From 1933 1940 owned by August Brünell From 1940 the company is used by Hermann Feese and later his son Artur Freese until today The companys name today is Feese Dekorative Leuchten A catalog from 1954 63 occurs with Aerozone products from Metallwarenfabrik Hermann Feese also in Berlin All according to a German collectors web page Information updated by Simone Loebsin 2008 37 ORIGINAL AEROZON The 2 characters are read from top to bottom NICHI and HON which read together as Nippon = Japan Date after 1940 tentatively around 1958 1959 1962 1963 55 ORIGINAL AEROZON The 2 characters are read from top to bottom NICHI and HON which read together as Nippon = Japan Date after 1940 ARITA CLICK HERE FOR A MAP Porcelain was produced in Arita for the first time in 1616 under the control by the feudal lord of Nabeshima or the present Saga Prefecture Arita ware is also called Imari ware because the products of the Arita kiln were mainly shipped from a nearby port of Imari Arita porcelains of the early days were typically made in the Chinese style of the period with deep blue patterns on a white background called sometsuke = blue and white In the 1640s a new style called aka e was invented characterized by bright colors and bold patterns principally in red These two styles sometsuke and aka e dominate Japanese Arita Imari wares The products of the 17th and 18th centuries are typically called Ko imari old Imari and Ko sometsuke old blue and white Arita character marks: •kigyoku houtei no chin ?????? rare precious treasure •taimin nensei ???? Great Greatest Ming dynasty Make attributed to the Chinese Ming dynasty •uzu fuku ?? a calligraphic version of fuku using a spiral as a part of the design A kanji Chinese character fuku means happiness fuku could also be spelled huku •yama fuku ?? a kind of fuku mark with abbreviation of a kanji of yama mountain on top 1386 Jar blue and white decoration Mark: Arita 912 Mark: Saishintei Keiko Womans name however J Bowes in Japanese marks & seals reproduces the same mark which he gives as Saishintei Sisi male name Japanese porcelain probably Arita Early 20th century 500 Mark: Kozen? Arita Yamaki zo Click here to see large picture 129 Seal reading Arita yaki the left being a single character early to mid 20th century 1516 Seal reading Arita yaki the left being a single character early to mid 20th century Click here to see large picture 743 Arita Modern mark Late 20th century Arita Aoki Kyodai Shokai Aoki Porcelain made in Arita Full name: Aoki Kyodai Shokai Aoki Brothers Company or Dai Nippon Hizen Arita Aoki sei The Aoki Kyodai Shokai was founded in the 1890s by Aoki Jinichiro 1863 1955 1193 Mark: Mark: Aoki Arita porcelain made by Aoki Brothers Company Arita Bowl Diameter 12 height 5 948 Mark: Aoki Arita porcelain made by Aoki Brothers Company Tentative date c 1950 1058 Mark: Aoki Arita porcelain made by Aoki Brothers Company Plate with one firing support mark 1503 Mark: Aoki Arita porcelain made by Aoki Brothers Company Plate with underglaze blue decoration in Chinese Kangxi style Arita Imitating Chinese Chenghua mark Porcelain with marks imitating Chinese marks of the Ming period were made at the Arita kiln during the 19th century and possible earlier 945 Mark: sei ka nensei Chenghua period Make ???? attributed to the Chinese Ming dynasty Chenghua period 1465 1487 Japanese 19th century Arita Imitating Chinese Ming dynasty Chenghua mark Porcelain with marks imitating Chinese marks of the Ming period were made at the Arita kiln during the 19th century and possible both earlier and later 881 Arita porcelain dish with Japanese Imari decoration Mark: taimin seika nensei Great Greatest Ming dynasty Chenghua period 1465 1487 Make ?????? Japanese Taisho period 1913 1926 946 Mark: Tai Ming Chenghua Nian Zhi meaning Greatest sic Ming Chenghua make Common mark on Arita Imari porcelain a mixed up and carelessly written Chenghua mark; the extra dot in the fist Da character changes the meaning from Da great to Dai greatest In Chinese this mark would read Dai Ming Chenghua Nian Zhi and in Japanese; Daimin seika nensei ?????? however it is usual to read these Japanese Chinese marks in Chinese to not add to the confusion Date: Imari porcelain is difficult to date but being this mainly an 18th 19th century mark and considering the style of the bowl a suggestion for the date is end 18th century early 19th century 929 Mark: in Japanese; Daimin seika nensei ?????? In Chinese pinjin Da Ming Chenghua Nian Zhi Chinese style mark meaning Great Ming Chenghua Period Make Decorative mark from late 20th century Arita Fuki Choshun Perpetual Spring of Riches and Honours Fuki Choshun written in Kanji characters ???? meaning Wealth Nobility Longevity and Youth also translated as Good fortune and long life or Wealth and Everlasting Spring Alternative translations add that fuki huki also means peonies and is a symbol of wealth and choshun means roses a symbol of everlasting spring as in forever young This mark was mainly used during the Meiji Period from 1868 1912 During this period Japan moved from being an isolated society to one with more open trade where this one of the earliest trade marks not imitating a Chinese Imperial Nian Hao reign mark 880 Arita porcelain food rice bowl with Japanese Imari decoration Mark: Fuki Choshun Early 19th century 883 Japanese porcelain with Nabeshima looking enamel decoration Mark: Fuki Choshun Date: this dish probably Meiji 1868 1912 period 884 Japanese porcelain with Japanese Imari decoration Mark: Fuki Choshun Date: this dish probably Meiji 1868 1912 period 903 Japanese porcelain with Japanese Imari decoration Mark: Fuki Choshun Date: this dish probably Meiji 1868 1912 period Arita Fuku Fu ku common on Arita porcelain during the Edo period 1603 1867 584 Mark: Fuku Happiness Arita Imari porcelain Meiji period around 1880 1900 Click here to see large picture Arita Hi zen 668 Abbreviated Hizen mark as in only the Hi ? part of Hizen ?? meaning Arita ?? region Usually Meiji period 1868 1912 Arita Hichozan Shinpo sei In the Meiji period this brand name was used by several Arita porcelain makers such as Fukagawa porcelain as well as other products of the Mikawachi kilns that were exported as Hirado wares The distinction between Fukagawa and Hirado tends to blur after the beginning of the Meiji 1868 1913 era when greater attention is started to focus on exports Hichozan Shinpo sei brand was made in the short period of time at the end of Edo period 1603 1867 in Mikawachi kilns and hand painted in Arita commissioned by the merchant Tashiro Monzaemon 1816 1900 Monzaemon expanded the market for Japanese Imari products at that time when Tokugawa opened other ports for export in Japan other than Nagasaki hichozanshimpo 1474 Mark: Made by Hichozan Shimpo hi cho zan shim po zo Dish decorated in Japanese Imari Iro e enamels from the Arita area in Japan A trade mark used by Tashiro Monzaemon until c 1900 Meiji period around 1860 1880 Click here to see large picture 1445 Mark: Hichozan Shinpo sei Ewer decorated in Japanese Imari Iro e enamels from the Arita area in Japan around 1860 1880 A trade mark used by Tashiro Monzaemon ? 1900 Meiji period around 1860 1880 Click here to see large picture Arita Ken Qianlong 1412 Mark in underglaze blu: Ken This kanji character ken in Japanese is from the kanji characters of kenryu nen sei which stands for the Chinese Qianlong period 1736 1795 Japanese porcelain with Imari decoration Late Edo period 1780 1860 Click here to see large picture Arita Hasami yaki Nishiyama 925 Mark: Nishiyama Japanese porcelain Arita Hasami yaki Date: probably 1970s or later Arita Zoshuntei Sanpo Zo Early company name or trademark in use between 1842 to 1870 Zoshuntei Sanpo means Zoshun shop Sanpo Made made by Sanpo The owner was Hisatomi Yojibei Masatsune who as one of the first potters in the area of Arita and Mikawachi was granted an export permit by the Lord of the Arita Han Lord Nabeshima Naomasa 1814 1871 in 1842 This was also the first time it was allowed to put a signature on pieces exported from Arita other than Fuku Happiness or various copies of Chinese reign marks His business was succeeded by Masatsunes oldest son Masayasu 1812 1878 and his younger brother Yohei Masaoki 1832 1871 until Yoheis sudden death in the sea In 1911 Masayasus nephew Hisatomi Kikuro 1862 1937 restored his family business with a modern factory method but only lasted for 15 years until 1926 795 Mark: Zoshuntei Sanpo Zu Zoshun shop Sanpo Made made by Sanpo a fictitious trade name of Hisatomi Yojibei Masayasu Good quality mid 19th century Japanese export ware with Imari style decoration Mid 19th century 872 Mark: Zoshuntei Sanpo Zu Zoshun shop Sanpo Made made by Sanpo a fictitious trade name of Hisatomi Yojibei Masayasu Good quality mid 19th century Japanese export ware with Imari style decoration Mid 19th century 1396 Tea cup and dish with underglaze blue and white decoration in imitation of Chinese Kangxi period 1662 1722 porcelain Mark: Zoshuntei Sanpo Zu Zoshun shop Sanpo Made made by Sanpo a fictitious trade name of Hisatomi Yojibei Masayasu Good quality mid 19th century Japanese export ware Mid 19th century Ardalt The double A mark of Ardalt A seems to have been a trademark for tableware dishes jars and vases registered by ARDALT Inc Corp 95 Madison AVE New York and first used in 1945 On some pieces the trademark Lenwile occurs which was also registered by the ARDALT Inc in 1945 for use on figurines and statuettes Both marks have been used on Japanese pieces The name Ardalt occurs also on pieces from other countries 1095 Ardalt figurine Probably mid 20th century Click here to see large picture 109 ARDALT Mid 20th century Arnart Imports Inc Arnart Imports Inc is still in operation and is currently located in 230 Fifth Avenue New York The company specializes in Porcelain gifts and decorative accessories First registered trade mark is the Crown and As mark registered April 30 1953 A mark looking like a bee hive was first used the last of December 1957 Both were canceled in 2001 952 Arnart Imports Inc mark registered in 1957 Cancelled June 6th 2001 953 Arnart Imports Inc Crown and As mark in use since April 30 1953 Canceled February 17 2001 954 Arnart Imports Inc Crown and As mark in use since 1953 combined with the bee hive in use since 1957 both canceled in 2001 955 Arnart Imports Inc Royal Carlton was registered for porcelain tableware in 1957; Royal Crown was registered for use on animal and bird figures 1965 1987 Several similar Royal marks with a crown and a brand mark exists all from the second half of the 20th century BIBI Might be the mark of a shop or trading company that commissioned pieces for sale and got pieces from various kilns marked like this The mark occurs on several pieces of which some are almost identical to Kutani Recent information has it that Bibi is the name of a family import firm that imported porcelain from Japan to Lebanon during the 1950s and 60s This porcelain had a Bibi mark on it and was sold in Beirut The family might also have had a porcelain import business in Palestine in the 1930s and 40s before they were forced to flee in 1947 919 Mark Made in Japan over two characters Bibi 1373 Mark Hand Painted and NIPPON over and under the two characters Bibi 920 Mark: Bibi Bijutsu Toki 431 Mark: Bijutsu Toki Second half of 20th cent modern Satsuma looking crackled glaze CPC 609 C P C Cherry Blossom Marks In 1924 a mark know as the Cherry Blossom in the shape of five M was sub contracted by the Nippon Toki Kasha Company Noritake Company to independent companies making porcelain for export the USA Market I have here collected a number of these and similar marks with the likelihood of a relation to the Noritake sales organization the US market and a possibly date to the mid 1920s 1088 Mark: Mt Fuji and the Japanese characters Nichi Hon Nippon = Japan late first half of the 20th century 1093 Pitcher Mark: Cherry Blossom and within Japanese characters beginning with Naka and second character is Cho or To It was produced for export not in Japanese taste and is of lesser quality Tentative dated first decades of the 20th century 104 Mark: Cherry Blossom in the shape of five M Mark sub contracted to independent companies making porcelain for the USA Market by the Nippon Toki Kasha Company Noritake Company Date: c 1924 Souvenir Japan 1524 Mark: Cherry Blossom in the shape of five M Mark sub contracted to independent companies making porcelain for the USA Market by the Nippon Toki Kasha Company Noritake Company Date: c 1924 626 Nippon Noritake The T N could be Tame & Nakamura of Moriyama style Flower mark in shape of five M Early 20th century Souvenir Japan 722 Souvenir Japan Flower mark in shape of five M Early 20th century 527 Might be of the Hotta Yu Shoten & Co The use of the word Shoten indicates the name for a shop which is selling products from its own kiln In either case they seems to have went out of business in 1947 This mark likely to be from the 1920 30s 824 Literally hundreds of companies produced dinnerware with European or Western style designs It is not a Noritake mark but is similar in design to those made during that period Many of these companies were in business for very short periods of time Style suggests a post WWII date possible 1960s 1038 Literally hundreds of companies produced dinnerware with European or Western style designs It is not a Noritake mark but is similar in design to those made during that period Many of these companies were in business for very short periods of time Style suggests a post WWII date possible 1960s Chikaramachi branch factory of Noritake Chikaramachi Made In Japan In use on porcelain made at the Noritake factory Chikaramachi branch during 1928 1946 Mark occurs in black and red Porcelain intended for the United Kingdom market uses Foreign instead of Made in Japan Same factory also used a mark with a crown inside a wreath After the Noritake Morimura Gumi period that ended 1946 the factory changed name to Hinode Shokai 928 Mark: chi kara machi Lusterware or lustre ware type porcelain Date: Mid 20th century Dai Ichi Toki ???? Product of the Number One Kiln Co Ltd Tajimi Shi Gifu province Immediately north of Aici Province Japan 515 Bowl Mark: Dai Ichi Toki written in seal form With a label reading Takahashi Import Co Made in Japan San Francisco 94103 Date: c 1970s 624 Mark: Dai Ichi Toki written in seal form Date: c 1970s Dai Nippon Great Japan hand drawn marks Meiji period 1868 1912 It is generally accepted that marks that includes Dai Nippon in Japanese characters on the whole date to the Meiji 1868 1912 period reflecting the greatly increased nationalism of that period However in stamped versions it also occurred on mass produced export wares well into the 1930s 1039 Mark reads Dai Nippon Shimada Zo and looks typical of those on Satsuma but is in Kutani style probably decorated in Yokohama As for a date in spite of the Dai Nippon mark that would indicate Meiji 1868 1912 this could be later though and the mark just carried over from Meiji to Taisho 1912 26 The porcelain is thus likely to be from the first decades of the 20h century Click here to see large picture 701 Might read Dai Nippon Zao Great Japan Made If so the pon character is very simplified in this particular case It is generally accepted that marks that includes Dai Nippon in Japanese characters on the whole date to the Meiji 1868 1912 period reflecting the greatly increased nationalism of that period Possibly Kutani 1900 1920 Dai Nippon Great Japan Printed marks 1920 40 It is generally accepted that marks that includes Dai Nippon in Japanese characters on the whole date to the Meiji 1868 1912 period reflecting the greatly increased nationalism of that period However in stamped versions it also occurred on mass produced export wares well into the 1930s There are a number of examples of export wares where marks including the Japanese characters for Dai Nippon are stamped or printed that suggests that this marking did continued to be used in between the wars I believe that all signs so far points towards that printed marks occurred until trade difficulties during early WWII made export to the west difficult Without any scientific foundation or literary source to refer to I would still like to suggest that this kind of printed Dai Nippon marks in general belong to the period in between the wars with a suggested end in the late 1930s early 1940s 1218 Mark: Dai Nippon Plate in Satsuma style but on porcelain from around 1935 The decoration is of Kannon with a rakan on each side of her This type of wares made heavy use of moriage or raised enamels The mark on the back of the plate is a generic one meaning Dai Nippon or Great Japan These wares were mass produced for export during the Taisho 1913 1926 & early Showa 1926 1988 period Click here to see large picture 1230 Mark: Dai Nippon Plate in Satsuma style but on porcelain best guess the 1920s The decoration is of Kannon with two rakans on each side of her Displayed above the figures is the cross in circle mon of the Shimazu family crest This type of wares made heavy use of moriage or raised enamels The mark on the back of the plate is a generic one meaning Dai Nippon or Great Japan These wares were mass produced for export during the Taisho 1913 1926 & early Showa 1926 1988 period Click here to see large picture 1359 Vase Mark: Dai Nippon Decoration in Satsuma style but on porcelain best guess early 1920s from its collection context The decoration is of Kannon with two rakans one on each side of her Displayed above the figures is the cross in circle mon of the Shimazu family crest This type of wares made heavy use of moriage or raised enamels The mark on the back of the plate is a generic one meaning Dai Nippon or Great Japan These wares were mass produced for export during the Taisho 1913 1926 & early Showa 1926 1988 period Click here to see large picture 1245 Mark: Dai Nichi Hon Dai Nippon Great Japan mid 20th century This marks however printed gives an example of marks that includes Dai Nippon in Japanese characters occurs well after the Meiji 1868 1912 period 1382 Mark: Dai Nichi Hon Dai Nippon Great Japan mid 20th century This marks however printed gives an example of marks that includes Dai Nippon in Japanese characters occurs well after the Meiji 1868 1912 period According to family traditions this set was acquired as a gift in the early 1940s 599 Mark: Dai Nippon Ji mei or ni mei Tsukuru Great Japan Made It is generally accepted that marks that includes Dai Nippon in Japanese characters on the whole date to the Meiji 1868 1912 period reflecting the greatly increased nationalism of that period Mark from tea set which was bought probably in Czechoslovakia between 1915 and 1935 made from a fine almost translucent porcelain Date: Early 20th century Click here to see large picture 694 Mark: Dai Nippon Choko sei or Nagae sei S N early 20th century Ei 293 Mark: Ei in Chinese: Yong Eternity Click here to see large picture Eiraku The Eiraku lineage were important and historically significant potters in Kyoto from the 18th Century right through to the present day In Chinese this mark would read same as the Ming emperor Yongle 1404 1424 1246 Mark: ei and raku Eiraku lineage of potters of Kyoto or the studio Silver or gold work over a red enamel ground is quite typical for Meiji 1868 1912 period Eiraku pots This bowl probably late Meiji or Taisho 1913 1926 1249 Mark: ei and raku Eiraku lineage of potters of Kyoto or the studio Silver or gold work over a red enamel ground is quite typical for Meiji 1868 1912 period Eiraku pots Eisho 41 Mark: Eisho Eiwa Kinsei ???? Eiwa Respectfully made Eiwa Kinsei appears to be mostly an export ware dating from the 1950s and later The oldest marks are black and gold marks found on lithophane Geisha wares Blue and red seal marks occurs later 634 Mark: Japanese reading: Eiwa Kinsei Eiwa name Respectfully Made Probably last quarter 20th century 799 Eiwa Kinsei Eiwa name Respectfully Made Probably last quarter 20th century 1535 Mark: Japanese reading: Eiwa Kinsei Eiwa name Respectfully Made Probably last quarter 20th century 1536 Mark: Japanese reading: Eiwa Kinsei Eiwa name Respectfully Made Probably last quarter 20th century 1557 Mark: Japanese reading: Eiwa Kinsei Eiwa name Respectfully Made Second half 20th century likely around 1970s FINE CHINA OF JAPAN 804 Japanese porcelain Fine China Japan Golden Rose pattern MSI Retro style decoration later part of 20th century Fine China seems to be used consistently as a brand name under which several patterns are were sold such as Golden Rose Platinum Rose Golden Wheat Platinum Wheat Cherry Blossom English Garden and St Regis The M$ is referring to the designer Max Schonfeld 805 Japanese porcelain Fine China Japan Platinum Wheat pattern MSI Retro style decoration later part of 20th century Fine China seems to be used consistently as a brand name under which several patterns are were sold such as Golden Rose Platinum Rose Golden Wheat and Platinum Wheat The M$ is referring to the designer Max Schonfeld 807 Japanese porcelain Fine China Japan 1221 English Garden pattern Retro style decoration later part of 20th century tentatively 1970s 806 Japanese porcelain Fine Porcelain China Japan W Diane pattern Retro style decoration later part of 20th century tentatively 1970s G GC GIFT CRAFT Toronto based Canadian company established in the 1940s and still active Import and sells gift wares from all over the world Early products seems to be mostly Japanese Canadian trademark GIFTCRAFT filed 1941 11 03 793 Mark: G in a wreath This marks also occur with the addition of Occupied Japan while we can assume this mark dates to the early to mid 1950s A friendly reader Rosalie Babineaux have volunteered the information that this marks is a Noritake contract mark for Giftcraft Importers of Toronto Canada in operation during the 50s and 60s 415 Mark G C Gift Craft Mid 20th century 632 Mark G C Gift Craft Mid 20th century 1223 Mark G C Gift Craft Mid 20th century Gakou Yamaguchi Kogetsu 915 Mark: Gakou Yamaguchi Kogetsu Ge To Art Artistic Pottery 1333 Vase Second half 20th century Mark is Ge To Art Artistic Pottery Probable manufacturers mark Date: Second half 20th century Contemporary Click here to see large picture Giokusei Seto Nagoya 886 Japanese porcelain Mark: Giokusei Mid Japan Seto Nagoya Kutani area possible Nagoya ware Regarding the the first character this can be Gioku or tama and the second as Sei Sho I or noi A normal Satsuma reading would be Giokusei as a town Tama noi as an actors name Tama i Date: early 20th century Goldcastle 753 Mid 20th century 1950 60s 759 GOLDCASTLE MADE IN JAPAN Mid 20th century 1950 60s GOLD IMARI The Gold Imari logo is a trademark of the Yazaemon family kiln founded in 1804 After many ups and downs including fires bankruptcy and name changes it became the Arita Busson Co in 1953 The trademark was created in this era The Word Mark GOLD IMARI HAND PAINTED was first used in the US December 1 1959 The applicant was Arita Bussan Co Ltd Corp Japan No 8 3 Chrome Iida Machi Higashi Ku Nahoya Japan In 2007 they became the Arita Seiyou Co Ltd and in 2016 they became the Arita Porcelain Lab Inc The US patent Office mark registration was abandoned October 29 1984 however they are still using the trademark The company apparently stopped exporting in 2007 and are now only selling domestically in Japan 691 Mark: Gold Imari Mid 20th century 1139 Mark: GOLD IMARI HAND PAINTED HAND PAINTED JAPAN Sundry 596 Lamour China Hand Painted This mark occur also with Made in Japan under it Most likely dating to the 1940 50s 720 Hand Painted Nippon Japan Date probably 1920s 688 IE&C Co ? Unknown mark Early to mid 20th century 815 Mark: NIPPON HAND PAINTED Blue pagoda Date hard to suggest The use of NIPPON was generally discontinued after 1921 but this mark could be later than that 1353 Hand Painted Japan Date probably 1930s H SAJI JAPAN Seto Dai Nippon 938 Sugar bowl with celadon glaze and enamels Mark: H SAJI JAPAN Dai Nippon Sa Ji Sei = Great Japan Saji Made Saji seems to be a name one possibility is that it is just referring to the Japanese name for Seji = Celadon Best guess from looking is a Seto Nagoya or perhaps Yokohama product Regarding date it is generally accepted that marks that includes Dai Nippon in Japanese characters on the whole date to the Meiji 1868 1912 period reflecting the greatly increased nationalism of that period In this case a likely period is 1910 30 HIRA 50 HIRA Occupied Japan period 1945 52 Slightly overdone marks with colored backgrounds like this on the whole seems to date to the period immediately following the second WW 750 M T HIRA Probably 1950s I am not sure if HIRA and M T HIRA are the same company I Man Ri 1334 Tureen Second half 20th century Mark is I Man Ri where Man = 10 000 and Ri is a measurement of distance equal to almost 3 kilometers I pronounced Ee means you or another kind of vague It is also a family name There are noway to know what this mark actually is referring to being it an achivment a person or a company Date: contemporary second half 20th century Click here to see large picture Imura Yokohama 421 Mark: Nippon Yokohama Imura tsukuru Mid to late 20th century Izumi Nippon 1 Mark: The kanji character inside the fan is Izumi The 2 characters outside the fan are read from left to right as Hihon Nippon = Japan Date: likely around 1900 JAPAN MADE IN JAPAN Marks on export porcelain: In 1891 the McKinley Tariff Act was instated requiring items imported into the United States to be marked in English with the country of origin The name Nippon was chosen for items coming from Japan Nippon is the Japanese name for Japan In 1921 the official country of origin name requirement was changed to Japan thus creating a defined time period 1891 1921 in which wares were marked Nippon Previous to 1891 items were either not marked at all or marked with Japanese characters During the period 1921 1941 porcelain should be marked Japan and roughly after 1941 marked Made in Japan though numerous exceptions appears to occurs Pieces marked with JAPAN or MADE IN JAPAN in plain text without any company marks in general date to the period immediately after the second WW Some come with the addition of OCCUPIED JAPAN Made in Japan 721 Made in Japan Date 1940s 50s Made in Japan 1344 Bowl in crackled earthenware Mark: Made in Japan Date 1940s 50s Made in Japan 1343 Tumblers in crackled earthenware Mark: jye or HY within Made in Japan Date 1940s 50s Made in Japan 1389 Teas set brought back to the US in 1946 Mark: Made in Japan Date 1940s 50s 725 Made in Japan Occupied Date 1945 52 975 Mark: Symbol plus Made in Japan Date 1940s 50s 986 Mark: Made in Japan Japanese lustreware figure probably c 1950 800 Unidentified mark on pottery planter 1950s ? 528 59: The two red characters are: Bi jutsu = beautiful artwork which are probably a brand name or product line Decoration in traditional Imari style The three black vertical characters read IMARI Modern late 20th century 608: The two red characters are: Bi jutsu = beautiful artwork which are probably a brand name or product line Decoration in traditional Imari style The three black vertical characters read IMARI Modern late 20th century 679 Decoration in traditional Japanese Imari style Modern late 20th century 482 Decoration in traditional Japanese Imari style Modern late 20th century Click here to see large picture Jitsu to true porcelain Japanese contemporary factory made porcelain ware Mark unknown but tentatively translated to Jitsu to true porcelain 1512 Mark: Jitsu to True porcelain Tentative translation Japanese porcelain unknown factory Click here to see large picture Juzan gama Juzan was the family name and had their own kiln made pottery for different companies The Juzan kiln is famous for Arita ware of which some are marked Kutani Juzan There also appears to be three Juzan gama One is Kutani ware the other one is Koishibawa ware one more is Takatori ware 937 Mark: Juzan gama Click here to see large picture K 748 Capital K in a wreath Mid 20th century 877 Mark: K Hand painted Japan unknown K could possible stand for Kyoto Tentative date: 1920 40 896 Mark: K unknown Tentative date: c 1920 50s KB 941 Mark: KB Japan Date: probably c 1950 KS 724 K S Hand Painted Made in Occupied Japan Date 1945 52 Kawata sei Dai Nippon Yokohama 699 Mark: Dai Nippon Yokohama Kawata sei Early 20th century It is generally accepted that marks that includes Dai Nippon in Japanese characters on the whole date to the Meiji 1868 1912 period reflecting the greatly increased nationalism of that period Kawato Yokohama Kutani influenced 1282 Bowl Mark: Nippon Yokohama Kawato Zo decorated by Kawato Kutani influence Size: Diameter 6 15 cm across height 3 7 5 cm Date Taisho to early Showa Kissho Lucky omen 27 The right hand character is Kichi the left hand character is Sho Read from right to left they read Kissho = Lucky omen Kitagawa Togei company ARITA Small family kiln in Arita Established in 1951 by Kitagawa Ihei with his 5 sons after having worked as a free lance since 1913 The kiln is still in business today 558 Large dog figurine Kozan ? 510 Mark: Kozan Click here to see large picture Kozan Gama Kozan Kiln 1083 Mark: Kozan Gama meaning the Kozan kiln Last quarter of 20th century Kiln still in operation Mino pottery made in Mino area in Gifu prefecture Japan The third left says gama which means kiln Marks that includes this character are usually contemporary M and Wreath marks These marks might or might not have been manufactured by the Noritake company More than 400 marks are suggested to have been used by Noritake alone Most pieces marked Nippon also seems to have been manufactured by Noritake For a limited list of known Noritake backstamps see the separate Noritake section 22 Mark: M ORIENT CHINA MARUKU CHINA 11 MARUKU CHINA Japan Moriage dragon ware typ of porcelain Marks featuring a crown like this on the whole seems to date to the period immediately after the second WW i e late 1940s early 1950s Maruyama Toki Yamashiro Ryuhei SETO 979 Mark: Maruyama Toki Yamashiro Ryuhei Seto Aichi province Date c 1920 30s Maruto Mu 483 Maruto Mu Ware Click here to see large picture 689 Maruto Mu Ware Matsubara ? 882 Mark: Matsubara Tentative date around 1930s Matsueda 1381 Mark: Made in Japan Matsueda Tentative date 1950s or later Matsukawa Dai Nippon 730 Mark: Dai Nippon Matsukawa It is generally accepted that marks that includes Dai Nippon in Japanese characters on the whole date to the Meiji 1868 1912 period reflecting the greatly increased nationalism of that period Matsumura 982 Mark: Matsumura zo Tentative date given raised enamels and yellow pink enamels probably late Taisho into early Showa or around 1920s 1140 Vases Mark: Matsumura Zo or Made by Matsumura They are in a style often seen in Yokohama decorated pieces and have some Kutani influence but Matsumura is a relatively common name Tentative date given raised enamels and yellow pink enamels probably late Taisho into early Showa or around 1920s Matsushita 1316 Mark: Nihon Yokohama Matsushita No Sei Japan Yokohama Made by Matsushita Mineta 893 Mark: Mineta Tentative date: c 1910 20s Mokusen 580 Mark: Mokusen Tentatively dated second half of 20th century Click here to see large picture 1509 Mark: Mokusen The seal mark on the side suggested to be read either as Sei yo or Sho yo On the base a paper label saying Shirokiya currently a Honolulu department store with a long Japanese history The vase tentatively dated second half of 20th century Click here to see large picture Moriyama Moriyama Pottery was located in MoriMachi in Shizuoka prefecture Moriyama Pottery was established in 1911 by Hidekichi Nakamura who was taught pottery making by Seison Suzuki There are currently four studios continuing the Moriyama tradition in and around Morimachi and they are Seison Seizon Nakamura and Tame There seems to be two primary stamps: one appears to be a crown with a wreath of leaves similar to the wreath found on the Noritake stamp This stamp is marked Moriyama Hand Paint Japan The other is a bouquet of flowers and is marked Moriyama Made in Japan The MM MARK stands for Moriyama Morimachi and has been referenced to the Moriyama Factory at Morimachi Shizuoka Prefecture Japan 574 Flower basket mark Click here to see large picture 575 Flower basket mark Occupied Japan period 1945 52 388 Moriyama Mori machi The porcelain seems like early to mid 20th century Thanks to Patricia Thompson dated to somewhere between the years of 1926 & 1929 402 Moriyama Mori machi The porcelain seems like early to mid 20th century Thanks to Patricia Thompson dated to somewhere between the years of 1926 & 1929 696 Moriyama Mori machi The porcelain seems like early to mid 20th century Thanks to Patricia Thompson dated to somewhere between the years of 1926 & 1929 1069 Moriyama Mori machi The porcelain seems like early to mid 20th century Thanks to Patricia Thompson dated to somewhere between the years of 1926 & 1929 Fopr this pieecs a date to the late 1920s suggested by Debby Thomas NC USA NTC 747 NTC Mid 20th century Nagoya ? 887 Japanese porcelain Possible Nagoya Mid Japan Seto Nagoya Kutani area early 20th c Nagoya Seito Sho N&Co Nagoya Nippon Narumi Seito Sho Meito China In 1908 Nagoya Seito Sho Company was founded by Kotero Asukai former employee of Noritake Other Noritake artisans were soon to follow to the new company why this porcelain might bear a close resemblance to Noritake porcelain Their porcelain was also sold as Meito China During the WWII the company was sold and the name changed to Narumi Seito Sho The Meito China mark continued to be used after WWII with variations in the crown logo mark Some porcelain with Meito China marks are found with the addition Made in occupied Japan 1470 Nagoya Seito Sho Tentative date 1910 30 Click here to see large picture 684 N&Co Nagoya Nippon Porcelain Purchased in the U S in the early 1920s Click here to see large picture Neifu Ch The mark Neifu Ch appears on Chinese porelcelain from the Kangxi period and onwards This mark is a copy of Chinese Bleu de Hue Glossary porcelain for the Vietnamese market 1278 Dish Mark: Neifu Ch Japanese transfer printed copy of Chinese export porcelain intended for the Vietnamese market Date 1935 45 1374 Dish Mark: Neifu Ch Japanese transfer printed copy of Chinese export porcelain intended for the Vietnamese market Date 1935 45 Nikko The porcelain is probably bought directly in Japan since there are no western characters in the mark The reading of this combination is nikko sunlight sunshine Top character can be read as Nichi or jitsu The bottom character can be read as Ko meaning light or shine If read alone day or sun are the common meanings combined it is Nikko Nikko produced Satsuma wares as well as porcelains 811 Japanese porcelain Mark Nikko Most likely dating to the 1930s or possibly the mid to late 1920s The style of pattern design is Satsuma influenced probably from Kyoto not Kyushu based on the way the gilding is applied the design of the rim the color of the rim ground and from the way a Satsuma trained artists portrayed weeping wisteria a favorite of Satsuma floral designs 1479 Japanese porcelain Covered two handled soup bowl Mark Nikko Most likely dating to the 1930s or possibly the mid to late 1920s In the round example which was on the base of the bowl the character is abbreviated to ko light Nippon The word Nippon in western characters means Japan and occurs on most Japanese wares from around 1890 until the early 1920s From 1891 imports to America were required to be marked with the country of origin in western characters Thus Japanese exports to America were marked with Nippon in English from this date to 1922 when the requirement was changed to that the word Japan should be used These are the so called Nippon wares However the rule doesnt apply in other countries nor always in America because sometimes paper labels and the like was used So while finding a back stamp saying Nippon is a useful dating aid its absence is not determinative Regarding Nippon marked porcelain wares marked Japan or Made in Japan have not been as desirable as those marked Nippon Particularly in the US Nippon marked pieces have always brought a large premium over those marked Japan or Made in Japan and certainly more than unmarked wares This is true even for pieces of similar quality In the 1960s collector ranks swelled and demand for marked Nippon pieces vastly exceeded the supply Thus arose the transfer stencil based fake Nippon mark applied by unscrupulous dealers to thousands of imported Japanese porcelain This kind of marks can be identified by the mark being applied inside a glaze area looking a bit like a piece of scotch tape The resulting flood of fakes became well known to dealers and the more knowledgeable collectors The motive was money as it usually is and the confusion eventually dampened collector enthusiasm See also special page on: Noritake 1399 Oriental China Nippon Mark datable to the Nippon period 1890 1921 probably 1910 20 283 Rising sun Nippon This mark is probably related to Noritake This mark however datable to the Nippon period 1890 1921 probably slightly later maybe at least into the 1930s 677 Rising sun Nippon This mark is probably related to Noritake This mark however datable to the Nippon period 1890 1921 probably slightly later maybe at least into the 1930s 6 Rising sun Nippon This mark could be related to Noritake Mark probably in use during Early Showa where Showa was 1926 1988 and Early Showa is often used to cover the Showa reign before 1945 Similar printed marks occur on dated screen printed porcelains as late as 1958 The 2 characters below the rising sun are read together as Nippon=Japan 14 Rising sun mark Maybe a war effort period mark around 1935 40 due to its simplicity 534 Mark: GR within Rising sun with the addition of Made in Japan suggesting a date to the latter part of the 1940s 1190 Mark: Japanese characters within Rising sun with the addition of Made in Japan suggesting a date to the latter part of the 1940s Click here to see large picture Nichi Hon Nippon 1444 The 2 characters read from top to bottom NICHI HON which read together as Nippon = Japan Bought new around 1960 according to the owner 13 Mark: Nippon meaning: Japan 7 Mark: Nippon meaning: Japan 12 Mark: Nippon meaning: Japan 42 Mark: Nippon meaning: Japan 71 Mark: The 2 characters are read from right to left They are the characters NICHI and HON which together read as Nippon =Japan Mid 20th century 24 The 2 characters above the Gothic A read from left to right are NICHI and HON which read together as Nippon = Japan A rough guess on a date would be late 19th century early 20th century before 1920s 905 The 2 characters above the A L read from left to right are NICHI and HON which read together as Nippon = Japan A rough guess on a date would be early 20th century before 1920s 740 Nippon Japan Mid 20th century 1930s before WWII 876 Nippon Japan Mid 20th century 1930s before WWII 9 Unconfirmed identity but looks like Mount Fuji and a stream The 2 characters below the picture are read together as Nippon = Japan Mark similar to those of Fukagawa It is possible that this and similar clear red stamped or printed marks actually belongs to the occupied Japan period 1945 52 The red dot following the Japanese character is unexplained Pictures curtesy of Prof Dr Karl Heinz Glätzer Germany 19 Unconfirmed identity but looks like Mount Fuji and a stream The 2 characters below the picture are read together as Nippon = Japan similar to Fukagawa 680 Japanese export ware Unconfirmed identity but looks like Mount Fuji and a stream similar to Fukagawa Thought to date to the 1920s or slightly thereafter 246 Unconfirmed identity but looks like Mount Fuji and a stream similar to Fukagawa Souvenir Japan 723 Mark: Mt Fuji a stream and Made in Japan c 1930 Unconfirmed identity but could be Yokoi Sei Ichi Shoten which closed in 1942 Mark similar to Fukagawa 1091 Dragon ware tea set Mark: Nichi Hon Nippon Tentative date c 1950 1514 Dragon ware tea pot Mark: Nichi Hon Nippon Tentative date c 1950 Nippon Tokusei Japan Special Made These marks appears to belong to the Early Showa period where Showa was 1926 1988 and Early Showa is often used to cover the Showa reign before 1945 10 15 16 18 The two characters immediately below the rising sun reads from left to right Nippon meaning Japan The two vertically written characters read Toku sei i e Japan Special Make or Specially made in Japan 1548 The two characters immediately below the rising sun reads from left to right Nippon meaning Japan The two vertically written characters read Toku sei i e Japan Special Make or Specially made in Japan Tentative date from the 1930s mark # 1132 This Nippon Tokusei mark might be from a revival period at the end of the 1950s The characters immediately below the rising sun reads on this mark form left to right which is quite modern as Nippon =Japan The porcelain is of a very white and glassy type and the decoration as well as the mark seems to be transfer printed with some not too advanced technique leaving a textile pattern to the printed decoration You can also see that the beams in the sun are more even than the older ones and that the characters below the sun are so even also they appears to be printed 1132 The two characters immediately below the rising sun reads from left to right Nippon meaning Japan The two vertically written characters read Toku sei i e Japan special make or Specially made in Japan Tentative date second half of the 1950s mark # 1132 This mark is Nippon Tokusei mark but with two unidentified characters mountain = san something usually a decoration workshop tentative date 1930s 778 The two characters immediately below the rising sun reads from left to right Nippon meaning Japan The two vertically written characters read Toku sei i e Japan special make or Specially made in Japan The two characters below is probably the name of the decorating workshop Nippon Yoko Boeki Co 404 Mark of Nippon Yoko Boeki Co wreath with a bow at the bottom and a clover The word JAPAN is printed in dark green or black with also a faint blue or purple letter that looks like an S The factory is still in operation 683 Mark of Nippon Yoko Boeki Co wreath with a bow at the bottom and a clover 1040 Mark of Nippon Yoko Boeki Co wreath with a bow at the bottom and a clover Click here to see large picture NISHIURA ENJI Porcelain Mfg Co Tajimi Machi Gifu Japan The Handbook of Japan and Japanese exhibits at Worlds fair St Louis 1904 has the following information: The porcelains manufactured by us are sold by the Tajima & Co Boston Chicago Yokohama Kobe Nagoya Japan etc being well known under the name of Nishiura Yaki and Porcelain  The output of porcelain in 1901 was valued at 6 935 176 yen of which 2 491 668 yen constituted the export Nagoya produced one third of the total Gifu Kyoto Kanazawa and Kagoshima are the principal localities where the goods are manufactured No marks known yet OK 589 OK company mark dragon ware 1930 50 Tajimi City or Seto? Click here to see large picture Okuyama 427 Mark: Okuyama Okura Art China Okura Art China was the forebear of the famed Morimura group of companies such as Noritake Founded in 1904 as Nippon Toki Kaisha Ltd Now Noritake Co TOTO Toyo Toki Kaisha Ltd established in 1917 at Kokura to produce Earthen ware Chinaware and Sanitary ware Now Toto Ltd N G K Nippon Gaishi Kaisha established in Nagoya 1919 and INAX Okura Art China was established in 1919 in the suburb of Kamata in Tokyo by Magobei Okura and his son Kazuchika who were both amongst the 6 founders of the Noritake company in 1904 Okura pieces were made by hand and were of choice material targeting the top segment of the market Marks include OAC Noritake and a 5 lobed trademark Okura porcelain is still made today under the name of Okura China Ltd with its headquarter in Totsuka Yokohama Rokuzo 891 Mark: The numbers 6 3 Rokuzan under a Japanese gate of honor A formal gateway or arch such as the one pictured is called a torii in Japanese Japanese porcelain maybe Seto area Tentative date: 1920 40s S 35 Mark: Above Made in Japan a capital S superimposed upon a system of four triangles within a fifth triangle Stamped SPP 606 Mark SPP Marks featuring a crown like this on the whole seems to date to the period immediately after the second WW i e late 1940s early 1950s SAMURAI Any information on Genuine Samurai China would be appreciated 499 Genuine Samurai China Click here to see large picture 573 Genuine Samurai China Patent No is I05665 Click here to see large picture 607 Samurai Info on this mark: This Samurai china was bequeathed to me by my late Mother I understand that it was given to her by her Mother They lived in Limehouse London at the turn of the last century which was Londons original Chinatown and central to all the docks the East India docks Victoria docks etc They had no other connection with the far East The pieces are clearly marked in a semi circle of orange letters on the bottom All the marks are off center slightly to the right Sango 752 Mark: Sango Fine China Mid 20th century tentatively 1960s SEIEI & CO The SEIEI & CO were in business before WWII and seems to have shut down in 1962 738 Mark: Bird in Circle Hand painted Made in Japan Lusterware Around 1930 939 Mark: Bird in Circle Hand painted Made in Japan Lustre ware Around 1930 1370 Mark: Bird in Circle Hand painted Made in Japan Lustre ware Around 1930 SETO Owari Province is modern Aichi Prefecture Owari produces so many varieties of porcelain and stoneware that the Japanese speak of porcelain and pottery in general as Setomono after the village Seto slightly north of Nagoya Nagoya is the commercial and industrial metropolis of Owari and the greatest ceramic center in Japan so far as the amount of products counts See page: Seto SHIBATA 78 Shiba ta To ki Shibata Porcelain Late 20th century 88 Shiba ta To ki Shibata Porcelain Late 20th century 123 Shiba ta To ki Shibata Porcelain Late 20th century Shuzan 535 Mark: Shuzan Fukiyaki? Suzuki Co Japanese distribution company Mark can occur on any wares they were reselling and trading in 17 In the top line the top right and top left characters are read together as Nippon as in No 6 above The centre top and centre bottom characters are the vertical characters in No 10 whilst the lower right and lower left characters may read from right to left as SUZUKI The two characters written vertically read Nippon Tokusei i e Japan special make or Specially made in Japan Click here to see large picture 423 Mark: Suzuki [two characters] below a cipher mark of a company establishment 984 Mark is for Suzuki Company a distributor which had pieces made with its mark for sale and distribution Presumably mid 20th century Click here to see large picture 1133 Mark is for Suzuki Company a distributor which had pieces made with its mark for sale and distribution Presumably mid 20th century This piece dates to around 1958 Click here to see large picture 1354 Mark is for Suzuki Company a distributor which had pieces made with its mark for sale and distribution Presumably mid 20th century Date likely to be around the 1950 Click here to see large picture 1355 Mark is for Suzuki Company a distributor which had pieces made with its mark for sale and distribution Presumably mid 20th century Date likely to be around the 1950 Click here to see large picture 30 Mark: Dai Nippon Suzuki The 3 rather shadowy characters within the square appear to be Dai + Nichi + Hon which would be read as Dai Nippon = Great Japan Under the square Suzuki Unconfirmed identity but looks like it could be Mount Fuji and a stream Mark similar to Fukagawa 936 Mark: Suzuki Made in Japan Date: early 20th century 949 Mark: Suzuki imported to France 73 Mark: Nippon Suzuki Co Patented combined with a double C This mark is the import mark of Carl Claussen & Co Berlin Lankwitz Germany in short C & Co The company was in operation from 1920 1974 This mark is likely to have come into use after 1945 when Carl Claussen returned home after WW II After 1965 the company was run by his daughter Interview in May 2008 by Simone Loebsin T 845 Mark: The letter T in a wreath below it says Japan Lusterware or lusterware developed by Noritake but the majority of lusterware pieces are made by other companies One of them were the Takita company whose mark was T&T in two rectangles This could be a version of a Takita mark or just a similar mark Date: probably late 1920s to early 1930s 1356 Mark: The letter T in a wreath below it says Japan Lusterware or lustreware developed by Noritake but the majority of lustreware pieces are made by other companies One of them were the Takita company whose mark was T&T in two rectangles This could be a version of a Takita mark or just a similar mark Date: probably late 1920s to early 1930s TMK 588 Mark: TMK CHINA Marked with geisha girl lithophane which seems to date this dish to the late 1940s early 1950s Takahashi Company San Francisco based import company selling wares from various factories Some pieces are correctly marked as to their producer and beside that carry a label saying Takahashi Import Co 67 Seal reading Takahashi Shokai shokai also means company Late 20th century TAKITO COMPANY The Takito company 1880 1948 is mostly known as one of those specializing on the Lustre ware type of decoration originally developed by the Noritake company but pieces with moriage decoration in Moriage ala Kyoto Satsuma on porcelain are also common Between 1891 to 1921 the products should be marked Nippon Marks later than 1945 usually comes with the addition of Made in Occupied Japan 849 Mark: T T in two rectangles Date: probably late 20s to early 1930s when this type of ware was mostly in vougue 904 Mark: T T in two rectangles Date: probably 1922 44 Tashiro Shoten Ltd Nagoya Tashiro Shoten Ltd porcelain shop in Yokohama which were active before WWII up until 1954 The use of the word Shoten indicates the name for a shop which is selling products from its own kiln The years below are all tentative and we have no firm data on specific years Carol Bess White Made in Japan books has it that Goldcastle CHIKUSA belongs to Tashiro Shoten Ltd in Nagoya Japan Other names used by Tashiro Shoten are Trico Trico China Royal Trico and two logo marks: Elephant above MADE IN JAPAN and TA within a cherry blossom flower For the Japanese market it appears as if a Japanese mark was used since pieces with the elephant mark is hardly or not at all found in Japan today 1309 Tea or coffee set Mark: Tashiro Operated a shop in Yokohama and had distinctively decorated pieces sometimes by Kutani trained artists Typical eggshell sold by this shop which ceased business circa 1937 As for a date on the set I think 1930s given the coloration This set according to family history bought in the 1920 30s in London Click here to see large picture 154 Elephant mark Tashiro Shoten Ltd The company seems to have shut down in 1954 138 Elephant mark Found on a tea set with raised dragon motif on each piece and a copper ish glaze on the inside Tashiro Shoten Ltd? 681 Elephant mark Tashiro Shoten Ltd ? 682 Elephant mark Tashiro Shoten Ltd ? Tecuka 1342 Mark: Te cu ka or Te ka cu depending on reading direction tentative date first half of 20th century maybe 1910 20 Tezuka Kinsei Tokuyama 714 Mark: Tezuka Kinsei Tokuyama c 1910 20 1352 Mark: Tezuka Kinsei Tokuyama c 1910 50 Tokyo 432 Mark: Tokyo Early to mid 20th cent Click here to see large picture Ucagco United China and Glass Company UCAGCO actually means United China and Glass Company Its offices were based in New Orleans and New York Ucagco was primarily a distributor of dinnerware and glassware They were the distributor of many Japanese china patterns during the early 1950s United China & Glass Co Inc better known as UCAGCO dating back to 1850 Founded by Abe Mayer and originally called Abe Mayer & Co the importer did business throughout the Southeast U S as well as Central and South America It wasnt until the 30s that the company took on the official trademark of UCAGCO and began expanding overseas In fact after the war the companys agent in Japan S A Stolaroff signed the very first contract allowing imports from Japan A talented ceramic designer himself Stolaroff worked alongside many Japanese potteries to lead the companys line of ceramics In 1956 UCAGCO was sold to Sammons Enterprises and in 1962 Stolaroff who had become the companys president retired 445 Ucagco company They were very prolific during the Occupied Japan era this mark is found on some of the better pieces Most pieces marked this way dates from c 1947 to 1961 Mid 20th cent 1072 Ucagco company Occupied Japan Date 1945 52 1202 Ucagco company mark under a crown mark Tentaive date c 1950 Click here to see large picture Uchida 348 Mark: Uchida 349 Appears to be Uchida W I have started to wonder if maybe all these wreath marks maybe are Noritake porcelain in disguise The W could be an up side down M and so on In 1941 the offices of the Morimura Brothers Export Co were closed and the M as in Morimura inside the wreath was changed to an N as in Noritake a name it would not officially have before 1981 Still the trade must have continued even under the OJ period 576 Mark: W in a wrerath WH 819 Mark: WH Wishbone and Horseshoe mark Japanese porcelain Possible date 1950s Yago Kutani with subcontracted decorations After extensive discussions on the Gotheborg discussion board I will tentatively list yago marks under a separate heading It has been put forth that the ^ character or yago is a shorthand word meaning house house name roof or under the roof of indication a family workshop Other sources sees the Yago as a symbol for Mount Fuji in Japan The kanji character ya also makes up a part of the kanji character tani meaning valley possibly referring to Ku tani mening Nine Valley 894 Mark Kawai Made in Japan Rainbow colored decoration Tentative date 1940 50s 907 Mark: Kou Company mark under Dai Nippon Tsukuru It is generally accepted that marks that includes Dai Nippon in Japanese characters on the whole date to the Meiji 1868 1912 period reflecting the greatly increased nationalism of that period Date: Late 19th century 1090 Mark: Dai Nichi Hon Great Japan over a sign meaning roof house and the number three early 20th century It is generally accepted that marks that includes Dai Nippon in Japanese characters on the whole date to the Meiji 1868 1912 period reflecting the greatly increased nationalism of that period Yamaguchi Sei Arita 1299 Izegara type dish transfer printed decoration impressed mark: Hizen no kuni Arita Machi Yamaguchi Sei From Hizen old term for that area Arita Town made by Yamaguchi Early 20th century Yamaka 749 YAMAKA Late 20th century 1950 60s Yamatoku Mountain virtue Kiln in Saga Prefecture that began production at the beginning of Meiji 1868 1912 period and still operates today 1096 Impressed mark: Yamatoku Mountain virtue Mark when impressed is in katagana characters Arita Imari porcelain On Igezara transfer ware plates this mark occurs mostly around 1910 20 1219 Impressed Mark: Yamatoku Yamatoku kiln started in the early Meiji 1868 1912 period and is still operative today According to a Hizen marks book this Yamatoku mark dates to late Meiji Taisho tentatively 1920s to 30s 1510 Impressed Mark: Yamatoku Yamatoku kiln started in the early Meiji 1868 1912 period and is still operative today According to a Hizen marks book this Yamatoku mark dates to late Meiji Taisho tentatively 1920s to 30s 619 Factory mark in red impressed in the porcelain a four character mark Tentative date 1980 2000 1433 Vase in Japanese Imari style Unknown mark Yoshiyama Yoshi meaning luck could also be read as kichi 1523 Stamped mark of a name Yoshiyama yoshi meaning luck could also be read as kichi Mark from a Japanese egg shell type porcelain tea set that was sent from Shanghai in 1931 according to family tradition The set is of 41 pieces incl: 12 cups saucers & plates 2 serving plates 1 bowl covered sugar bowl creamer and a Teapot Tentative date ca 1930 Unidentified Seal Marks 1317 Plate Mark: Bi Nou Nishi Ura meaning Beautiful Dark Western Seacoast Bay Contemporary probably 1970s 1990s 921 Mark: Might be saying Imari in Chinese Date: 20th century 935 Late 20th century 742 Mark: ? zan Late 20th century 53 This mark is typical of seal characters It is difficult to identify them unless there is an example available to assist identification 595 Click here to see large picture SUNDRY The following marks are still to be sorted into groups Help appreciated 1437 Dish Porcelain decorated in Satsuma style moriage enamels Mark: Dai Nippon Click here to see large picture 536 Unknown 578 Tea or coffee set According to family history this should be before 1914 and possibly as early as 1890s Click here to see large picture 29 Inscribed Baitei [bai=plum; tei=garden]; sealed Bai [alternate Japanese reading Ume – both mean plum 58 Mark: Dragon Seal Could possible be Chinese but unknown 33 Green enamels on black Unknown 900 Japanese export porcelain Mid to late 1920s 1298 Plate Japanese export porcelain Mid 20th century 1363 Brush washer with blue and white decoration of a fish Tentatively a Japanese ware Mark reads Shin Ken En Sei New Combined Gardens Made Seto is a good guess or perhaps Hirado except that the paste in that case should have been whiter Decoration of sweetfish Ayu in the river which is a Japanese theme but also occurs in Chinese decorations Early to mid 20th century Kutani Kaga No Kuni Meiji 1868 1913 Taisho 1913 1926 period Mark including Kaga no Kuni meaning that these ceramics were produced in Kaga Han today Kanazawa Kaga Han and Daishoji Han merged in 1871 to make up the Ishikawa prefecture However at this period the name Kaga was widely used in Japan and also overseas to designate more generally the ceramic produced in the area For a period Kaga No Kuni appears on some marks togehter with Kutani to later be replaced with only Kutani Kutani marks are most commonly met with as a two character generic Ku Nine tani Wallys name meaning that the individual potter or even kiln cannot be identified However occasionally the inscriptions details both the area the kiln the potter and the decorator 1365 Dish of egg shell quality Japanese Kutani porcelain with enamel decoration Iron red six character hand painted mark Kaga no kuni Oda Sei Mid 19th century to early 20th century Aka e Jp Alchemy Alkali Anhua Andersson Johan Gunnar 1874 1960 Animal Figure Symbols Angkor ceramics Annamese Apple green glaze Appraisal Archaeo magnetic dating Ardebil Shrine Arita Arita ware Armorial porcelain Asbolite Attendant Attribute Aubergine August the Strong Auspicious Ayutthaya Ax B Baba nonya Badama Bada Shanren 1626 1705 Badges of Rank Baichai White cabbage Baidunzi Ball Baluster Bamboo Banana Banko ware Banliang coins Baroque style Base Basket of flowers Bat Batavia Batavia brown Baxian Beaker Bee Belt toggles Chinese Bencharong Benten Bento Betel Bi Pi disk Bianco sopra bianco Bin Thuan wreck c 1608 Bird Birthday plate Biscuit Bi Xie Bizen potteries Jp Blanc de chine Bleu de Hue Blue and white Boar Bodhisattva Body Bone ash Bone china Boshanlu Censer Böttger J F Böttger luster Bourdalou Bow Porcelain Factory 1744 76 Boy Children Brass Break Brinjal Bronze Brown dressed rims Brown spotstiexiuban Brush Pot Brush washer small Shui Yu Brussels Pottery and Porcelain Factory Budai Po tai Buddha Buddhas hand citron Buddhism Burial pottery Bushell Stephen 1844 – 1908 Butsudan Jp family altar Butterflies Hundred Butterfly C Calender Cabaret Cabbage Cache pot Cach pattern Caddy Tea Cadogan Camcheng Camaieu Camilla leaf monochrome glaze Candlestick Chinese Canopy Gai Canton enamel Canton porcelain Carp Carrack Cartouche Castiglione Giuseppe 1688 1766 Caudle Cup Caughley Cavetto Celadon Censer Ceramics Ceramic Chemistry Chaire Jp Chaliang Chambers Sir William 1723 96 Chamberstick Champleve Changsha kilns Charger Chatter marks Chawan Jp Chayemo Cheng Yiting 1885 1948 Chenghua 1465 1487 porcelain Chess Chinese weiqi Chicken cup Chicken skin Children Hundred China Chinese dynasty Chinese porcelain Chinoiserie Chip Chocolate pot Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum dishes Chupu Cicada Cincinnati Order of the Cinnabar Cizhou ware Clay Clay matrix Clay temper Clair de lune glaze Clobbered Clobber ware Cloisonné Cobalt Cock Coiling Collectible Colloid Colors symbolic values Coombs China burner Coralene Concentric Conch shell Cong Congee bowl Copper red glazes Crack Crackle Crane Crazing Creme cups Crest Cricket Cross section Crow Cuckoo in the house pattern Cultural Revolution Cuspidor Cyclical Dates D Daoism Taoism Dayazhai motif Decalcomania Deer Deer Hundred Dehua kilns Delft Deutsche blumen Devils work Diaper pattern Ding Ting ware Dog Dong Qichang 1555 1636 Donkey Double happiness Double gourd Doucai Dragon Long Dragon and Phoenix Long Feng Dragon boat Dragonware Du Halde Du Paquier Duck Duff Govenor and his wife Dunzhi Dynasties of China E Earthenware East India Company East Indiaman NEW Edo period Japan Egg and Spinach Eggshell porcelain Eight Buddhist Symbols Eight Daoist Emblems Eight Daoist Immortals Eight Friends of Zhushan Eight Immortals of the Wine Cup Eight Horses of Wang Mu Eight Natural Phenomena Eight Precious Things Eight Trigrams Enamel decoration Enamels Encre de Chine Endless knot DEntrecolles Pére Francois Xavier Équelle Eumorfopoulos G A 1863 1939 Export porcelain Extant Eyes F Fahua Faience Fake Falangcai Famille jaune Famille noire Famille rose Famille verte Fan Fat Lady Fencai Festoon Fete champetre Fr Figures decapitated Fire support marks Firing in reducing atmosphere Firing in oxidizing atmosphere Fish FitzHugh Five Five Blessings Five Dynasties Five Elements Five Poisonous Creatures Five Relations Wu lun Flag of China Flambé glazes Flatware Floating world Jp Flower Friends Theme Flowers of the month Seasonal Fluted Foliated Foo Fu dogs Foot ring Forbidden city Fostat Four Elements Four Masters of the Yuan Dynasty Four Modernizations Four Noble Plants Four Scholarly Accomplishments Four Treasures The Scholars Fresh red glaze Fritting Fu Fujian blue and white Fu Lu Shou Fukagawa Fushao G Gadroon Gaiwan Chinese tea cup Gama Jp Garden rock Garniture set Ge Geisha girl Gilding Giles James Glass Chinese Peking Glass Glaze Gold repair God of Longevity Gongbi zhongcai Gosu blue Jp Grafting faking technique jie di Graviata Grisaille Guan Guandi God of War Guangdong Guanyin Guozhi Guqin Guyuexuan Gypsum H Halberd ji Halo effect Han dynasty Happiness Double Happinesses Hundred Hare Hart Sir Robert Hasegawa Keiko b 1941 NEW Hatching cross hatching Hatstand Hausmaler Heaped and piled Heavenly Horse Heron Heroes Table of PeerlessWu Shuang Pu High fired Hirado Hollow line Homophonic motifs Hong Kong Horse Höchst Porcelain Factory Hu Storage jar Huang Gongwang Huanghuali Huashi slippery stone NEW Hundred Antiques Hundred Pleasures Hundred Treasures I Igezara Jp IHS Incised Ink painting Imari Japanese Imari Chinese Imperial workshops in Beijing Int Exhb of Chinese Art 1935 36 Iridescence Iron rust monochrome glaze Islamic Art J Jade Jade dog figure Jade Emperor Jade Hall Yu Tang Jadeite Japanese celadon Japanese chronology Japanese Gods and Goddesses Japanese porcelain Jesuits Jian yao Jigger and Jolly Jihong Jilan Jin dynasty Jingdezhen Johan Gunnar Andersson 1874 1960 Johanneum marks Joss Journey to the West Judgement of Paris Ju Ru ware Judgement of Paris decoration Jun glaze Ju Ren Tang K Kaga ware Kaishu script Kakiemon Kannon Kaolin Karako Jp Karako ware Jp Karakusa Jp Karatsu ware Jp Karlbeck 1879 1967 Orvar Kendi Kendi Maling Kensui Jp Kenzan Ogata 1663 1743 Jp Kiln Kinrande Jp Kitchen Qing Klapmuts Ko Imari Jp Ko sometsuke Jp Korea Koro Jp Kowtow Kraak porcelain Kui dragon Kundika Kutani ware Jp Kwangtung ware Kyo yaki Jp L Lacquer Laque burgauté Lai Thieu Ceramics Vietnam Langkiln Lang yao hong Copper red Lang Shining Lantern festical Laub und Bandelwerk Laughing Buddha Lavender blue monochrome glaze Leach Bernard b 1887 LeadGlaze Leather hard Leiwen Lena junk c 1490 Liao 916 1125 Li Bai 701–762 Liling kiln Lime Linru kiln Ling long porcelain Lingzhi Lion Lip Literati Lithophane Liuli tiles Lobe Long Eliza Long Men Dragons Gate jumping Longquan wares Lotus Lowestoft Low fired glazes Lozenge Luanbai glaze Lug handles Luohan Lustre Lustre ware Luting M Magnolia Magpie Magu Goddess Maiolica Majiayao Culture Manchu Mandarin ducks Mandarin China Mandate of Heaven Mandorla Marbled ware Mark and Period Marriage Martaban Matriarch Mazarine blue Mc Kinley Tariff Act 1890 Meander Medici porcelain Medicine Chinese Merian Maria Sibylla 1647 1717 Meiji period Jp Meiping Meissen KPM Metal clad rims Mid autumn festival Mille Fleur Minton Thomas 1836 Ming dynasty Mingqi Mino ware Jp Minyao Mirror black monochrome glaze Mirror bronze Mirror image decorations Mizusashi Jp Momoyama Period Jp Mon Jp Mongol Monks cap ewer Monochrome Monochromic decorations Month cups Moon Festival Morgan Vase 1886 Moriage Mottahedeh Mountains sacred Mudmen Mudra Mulan Fa Mu Lan Mustard Seed Garden N Nabeshima ware Jp Nanking Nara period Jp Natsume tea caddy Jp Neoclassicism Nephrite Netsuke Jp Nieuhof Nippon Jp Noritake Jp Northern and Southern Dynasties Nose drinking cups Nonya Nyonya ware Numbers O Occupied Japan Oil lamp On fakes Opium Orchid Ornament Orange peel Oriole Osmanthus flower Ouroboros Owl Ox Ox blood Oxidation firing P Pagoda Painting Chinese Painting styles Painting terms Painting themes Painting types Paktong Palace bowls Palace Peking bowls Paneling shapes and borders in porcelain Papier des Indes Fr Paring Paste Pâte sur pâte Patty pan Peach Peach bloom glaze Peerless Heroes Table ofWu Shuang Pu Pei hok Skin and shell Peony Peranakan Pere dEntrecolles Petuntse Pheasant Phoenix Picture Archive under work Piecrust rim Igezara Jp Pig Pine Pinyin romanization system Pipa Plants and Fruits Plate Plum blossom Poirier Simon Philippe 1720 1785 Polychrome Pomegranate Porcelain Porcelain clay Porcelain pagoda Porcelain paste Posset Pot Potiche Pottery parts and shapes Powder blue Prima facie Lat Provenance Prunus Pronk Puce Puyi 1906 1976 Q Qi Qianjiang pale umber style Qilin Unicorn Qilung Qin Qin Dynasty Qing Dynasty Qingbai Qinghua Quail Queen Mother of the West R Rat Raku Jp ware Ram Raven Red Red Cliff Ode on the Reducing kiln atmosphere Reeding Ren Bonian 1840 96 Painter Regout Reliquary Repoussé Republic of China 1912 1949 Reticulated Rice grain porcelain Ricci Matteo 1552 1610 Robins Egg Glaze Rock Rococo Rolwagen Romance of the Western Chamber Rooster Rose Medallion Rouge de fer Rouleau Royal Nanhai Cargo Rubruck William of Ru Ju ware Rubbing Ruby back Ruby glaze Ruyi S Sacred disc Sacrificial blue Sacrificial red Saggar NEW Samson Samurai Jp São Tiago Carrack 1602 Sancai Sander or pounce pot Sang de boeuf Satsuma ware Jp Scepter Scholars objects NEW Schreger pattern Seal Seal mark Seal script Sepia Seto ware Setters Seven appearances Seven Gods of Luck Jp Seven Sages Seven Stars Constellation Sgraffito Shang Ping vase shape Shapes ceramic Sheep Shende Tang Shichi fuku jin Jp Shippo Shipwreck ceramics Shonsui wares Shou Shou Lao Shufu ware Shuicai enamels Shinto Jp Shuangxi Double Happiness Silica Silk Road Silkworm chrysalis Six Canons of Paining Slip Slip casting Snuff Snake Snuff bottle Soapstone Soba Choko Soft paste porcelain Chinese Soufflé blue Shochikubai Jp Song Spice dish Spirit bottles Spode Joshua 1733 1797 Spriggs Spur marks Staffordshire Steatite Stencil decoration Stoneware Straits Chinese Straits Chinese Porcelain Sui dynasty 581 617 Sun Yat sen 1866 1925 Sumida Pottery Jp Susancai Swallow Swastika Swag Swatow ware Sweet white Tianbai Glaze Symbolism Symbols: Animals Symbols explained T Taisho period Jp Taoism Taotie Tang Dynasty 618 907 Tang Ying Tang Yao 1728 56 Tazza Tea Caddy Tea Pot Tea dust glaze Temmoku Jian ware Ten Bamboo Studio Terracotta Terracotta Army Thailand Ceramics Thousand flower pattern Three Friends of Winter Three Kingdoms Three Stargods San xing Throwing Tianbai Sweet white Glaze Tiger Tiger and Dragon Tingqua 1809 1870 studio Ting wares TL test Tobaccoleaf Tobi Seiji Jp Tokugawa Jap Tong Tortoise and Snake Transfer printing Transitional period Trigrams the eight Triptych Trowulan Tulip Turning Turquoise glaze Tutanego Twelve Ornaments U Ukiyo e Jp wood blocks Undercut Underglaze decoration Urna V Vajra Valentine Pattern Verbiest Ferdinand 1623 1688 Vitreous VOC 1602 1798 W Wabi sabi Jp Wade Giles romanization system Wagener Gottfried 1830 92 Wang Bingrong 1840 1900 Wanshou Wujiang War God Guandi War scenes Ware Warping Wash Waster Waves Wedging Wen and Wu principles Western Chamber The Romance of the Wood Wu State of Wucai Wudi God of War Wu Li 1632 1718 Wu Shuang Pu Table of Peerless Heroes Wutong tree Wuxing Five elements X Xianhong Ming Copper red Xieyi Xiwangmu Y Yakimono Jp Yao Yaozhou ware Yin and Yang Yangcai Yingqing glaze Yixing Buccaro Yuan dynasty 1260 1368 Yuan Ming Yuan Garden Yue yao Yue ware Yunnan blue and white Z Zen Buddhism Zhangzhou ware Zhiding Zhong Kui Jap:Shoki Zhou Dynasty Zhuanshu Zisha Zither Zodiac Condition: Ottime condizioni, Unità di misura: Unità, Quantità: 1

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