1770 Kitchin Map of North America

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Seller: geographicusmaps (4.024) 100%, Location: 11221, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 352730177189 1770 Kitchin Map of North America WE SELL ONLY ORIGINAL ANTIQUE MAPS - NOT REPRODUCTIONS Title: North America, Drawn and Engraved from the best Maps and Charts. Description: This is a c. 1770 Thomas Kitchin map of North America issued after the French and Indian War but before the American Revolution. Depicting the continent from the Atlantic to Pacific and from Baffin's Bay to Mexico, Kitchin's map provides an overview (although slightly flawed) of the state of affairs on the North American continent at the pivotal point in world history.Global Context and Britain's North American ColoniesThe French and Indian War, part of the larger global conflict between Great Britain and France known as the Seven Years' War, ended with the British in possession of all of France's North American colonies. The war nearly doubled Great Britain's national debt, which the Crown sought to alleviate by excessively taxing American colonies, who they felt should pay for the war. This ultimately led dissatisfaction in the Colonies and the American Revolution. Since the French had ceded the territory east of the Mississippi to the British, Kitchin depicts Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia as stretching from the Atlantic Ocean, where they had originally been founded, all the way to the Mississippi. Virginia is bounded by the Ohio River to the north, and New England, although jumbled, appears in mostly the correct configuration. Each colony is labeled and towns throughout the colonies are identified, including New York, Philadelphia, Boston, Williamsburg, Jamestown, and Augusta.Notations Outside the British ColoniesMoving west from Britain's Thirteen Colonies, the Ohio region is delineated by a green line. This part of the continent had been opened during the French and Indian War, but settlement in earnest would not begin until the Northwest Ordnance is passed by the United States Congress in 1787. All five Great Lakes are illustrated and labeled. French Louisiana is labeled as well and highlighted by pink borders. New Orleans is labeled at the mouth of the Mississippi River, bit no other French settlements are marked. American Indian tribes, such as the Miamis and Osages, are noted here, as are the 'Kansez' and the 'Black Padoucas'. One notation, near modern-day Nebraska, reads, 'Buffaloeas. Meadows,' which is probably a fairly accurate description of the region at the time. Other intriguing notations are included in Louisiana, including 'Thus far the Mississipi has been ascended' and another 'The Head of this River is unknown,' in reference to the Missouri River.Spanish North America and the River of the WestKitchin's depiction of Spanish North America includes the provinces of New Mexico, New Biscay, and New Navarre, and labels Santa Fe, now in present-day New Mexico. The rest of the western portion of North America is strikingly blank, apparently unclaimed by any of these world powers. Francis Drake's New Albion is identified, although no borders are proposed for this supposed English claim. New Albion is bracketed by 'snowy mountains' on the bottom and the 'River of the West' on top. The River of the West, as it is labeled here, was the mythical water route across North America from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean that innumerable adventurers and explorers had sought for centuries.Teguayo and QuiviraBetween New Albion and Louisiana, two cities, Teguayo and Quivira are referenced. These cities are part of what have become known as the Seven Cities of Gold. Teguayo and Quivira, along with Cibola, Totonte, Axa, and Granata, were legendary wondrous cities said to have been built by seven bishops who fled Porto in the 8th century after the Moors invaded. Legend has it that these bishops prayed for salvation and were each granted a refuge in the Atlantic in the form of a magical paradise, where each bishop founded a city. After Antilla was not discovered in the Atlantic, legends continued to push the cities further west, until they ended up in the unexplored territory north of Mexico. Years later, the gold and glory-seeking conquistador Hernando Coronado ploughed through the region with a massive army sacking several Zuni Pueblos (generally associated with Cibola) and a city on the Great Plains known as Quivira, but failed to find the gold he sought.Publication History and CensusThis map was created and published by Thomas Kitchin c. 1770. Two examples are recorded in the OCLC as part of the institutional collections of the Wisconsin Historical Society and the Birmingham Public Library. Size: Printed area measures 13.75 inches high by 15.25 inches wide. Condition: Very good. Even oerall toning. Light transference. Light wear along original fold lines. Blank on verso. Shipping: Shipping rates are not negotiable. Items are shipped within three business days of receiving payment. We are happy to consolidate shipping where possible. The following shipping options are available: 1. FedEx Overnight (45 USD). USA Only. Signature Required. 2. FedEx Ground or Home Delivery (15 USD). USA Only. 1 - 10 days. If your address is a P.O. Box and cannot ship FedEx we will ship USPS Priority and, while we ship promptly, recent postal personnel cutbacks mean that delivery may take time. Signature Required. 3. FedEx International or DHL International EXPRESS (45 USD). 4. We can use your FedEx Account. Customs: International buyers are responsible for paying duty and taxes on delivery. DHL or FedEx will contact the buyer by telephone to arrange tax payment if it is levied. Duty varies by country and we cannot predict the amount you will be charged. Some countries are duty free, others are not. Typically, a customs duty and/or VAT tax will be assessed on all parcels to continental Europe. Sometimes duty or tax is due in China, but is seems very random. Hong Kong, Singapore, Korea, and Taiwan have never assessed duty on a map we shipped. Maps shipped to the UK should be duty free as educational materials, but from time to time duty of 5% is assessed incorrectly by the UK customs agents. Insurance: All shipments are insured privately against loss and damage. All of our shipments require a signature for insurance purposes. If you have any questions please feel free to email us through eBay. Other ServicesConservation Framing: Geographicus recommends basic conservation framing services for any antique paper. We do not offer this service. Antique Map Restoration: Geographicus can repair and restore your antique map. Services include deacidification cleaning flattening and backing. BEWARE anyone attempting to contact you, from a different eBay account, claiming to represent Geographicus Antique Maps. My eBay handle is GeographicusMaps. If you are contacted by email by someone offering you my items, please call me directly to be certain you are not dealing with a con artist. " Condition: Very good. Even oerall toning. Light transference. Light wear along original fold lines. Blank on verso., Original/Reproduction: Antique Original, Year: 1770, Publication Year: 1770

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